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NOV 12 1959 

At a Meeting of The Surtebs SoaETT, held in Durham 
Castle, on Tuesday, December 4th, 1877, Mr. Greenwell in 
the Chair, it was 

Ordered, "that a Selection from the Gale and Stukelet 
Correspondence should be edited for the Society by the Rev. 
W. C. LuKis." 

James Baine, 



It was the earnest desire, more than once expressed, of 
the late John Britton, to give to the world some of the 
interesting Stukeley Collections which had come into his 
hands. A portion of these collections was exhibited by 
him at the Congress of the Archaeological Institute held 
at Lincoln in 1848, and the Council of that Society con- 
sidered these Memorials so curious and valuable as to 
be well-deserving of publication. In Britton's preface 
Co a Memoir of Aubrey, published in 1845, he remarks: 
" The celebrated Dr. Stukeley, who was a zealous 
and indefatigable collector and recorder of opinions 
and events, left a minute account of all that he saw 
and heard during his long intercourse with antiquaries, 
historians, and other men of letters and science. 
These memoranda, occupying several quarto and octavo 
volumes, together with a series of letters addressed to 
the Doctor by eminent persons, and a collection of his 
miscellaneous writings, have been many years in my 
possession ; and they would have been given to the 
world had I been insured against the risk of loss from 
their publication." 

How Britton became possessed of these volumes of 
MSS. and bundles of letters is not stated, but they are 
now, as it is fitting they should be, in the possession of 


the Rev. Harris Fleming St. John, of Dinmore Hoose, 
near Leominster, Herefordshire, who has, in the moat 
obliging and generous manner, pUced them, together 
with many other Stukeley papers, at my disposal for 
publication by the Surtees Society. Richard Fleming, 
of Sibdon Castle, Salop, purchased Dinmore in 1739, 
and bequeathed it to his second son, Richard, who, in 
the year 1752, married Frances, eldest daughter of Dr. 
Stukeley. Upon the death of their only son, Richard 
Stukeley Fleming, the property passed to their oolj 
daughter, Frances, the wife of the Rev John Francis 
Seymour St John, canon of Worcester, the grandfather 
of the present owner (Harris F. St. John), who has 
inherited numerous Stukeley pictures, MSS., volumes 
of sketches, relics, and a large collection of coins and 

Besides the voluminous corrsspondence in Mr. St. 
John's possession, another large collection of letters, 
which were transcribed by Roger Gale into three vola. 
quarto, has been entrusted to me with equal generoat^ 
and kindness, and with full permisaioo to use them in 
these volumes, by Henry Coore, Esq., of Scniton Hall^ 
near Bedale, Yorkshire, whose mother was Roger Gale'a 
great grand-daughter. 

A few other letters of the some period, relating to 
Roman inscriptions, once belonging to Dr. Jurin, and 
now in the possession of C. K. Probart, Esq., d Newport^ 
Bishop's Stortford, Herts, have been voluntarily and 
obligingly lent for the same purpose. These will appear 
in Volume II. 

PREFACE. 111. 

To these owners of valuable MSS. the best thanks 
of the Society are returned. 

This very considerable body of documents, so far 
exceeding what I had expected to use, has compelled 
me to alter the method of arrangement which I had' 
originally proposed, and to separate them so as to form 
two volumes instead of one. The Council of the Society 
expressed their approval of this course in order that as 
large a nimiber as possible of hitherto unpublished 
letters might be presented to its members, such docu- 
ments bearing upon, and illustrating, the social and 
political life and feeling, and the archaeological researches 
of the first portion of the last century. The prominent 
figures among the letter writers, throughout these vol- 
umes, are Stukeley, the brothers Roger and Samuel 
Gale, and Sir John Clerk, between whom, from first to 
last, there existed the warmest ties of friendship and 
esteem. Almost all of their correspondents, as well as 
almost all of those with whom they had intimate social 
relations, to whom frequent allusions are made in the 
letters, were men who were distinguished for their scien- 
tific and literary attainments, scholarship, and archaeo- 
logical researches, and for the honourable places in 
society, or in their respective professions, which they 
worthily filled. To many of them we are indebted in 
the present day for published works of great erudition 
and utility. They were eminent as philosophers, mathe- 
maticians, astronomers, antiquaries, physicians, surgeons, 
classical scholars, poets, historians, divines, painters, 
numismatists, &c. 


Although much of the material of these volumes 
be found to relate to dUtricta beyond the area to which 
the Surtees Society is limited, the Council feel that they 
may claim as their own, any subject which brings before 
the world the learning and intelligence of those scholars 
who have borne the honoured name of Gale. 

The present volume contains Dr. Stukeley's Com- 
mentaries, Autobiography, Diary, and Common-place 
Book, in which he has given a complete account of 
his life, and entered very minutely into the affairs, 
friendships, and pursuits of himself and other members 
of his family. These are followed by a miscellaneous 
correspondence of considerable interest, and also by 
some letters upon astronomy and coins. The astroD* 
(Hnical letters have lieen considered of especial value 
by those gentlemen who are eminently qualified to 
express an opinion, particularly by Kev. A. Freeman, 
Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, and deputy 
to the Plumian Professor of Astronomy there, and by 
Rev. J. R. Lunn, B.I)., Lite Fellow of St John's, and 
Sadlerian lecturer, and now holding the college liring 
ct MartoD-cum-Grafton, Yorkshire, both of whom have 
strongly recommended their publication, and furthered 
this measure by supplying most useful comments. 

The letters relating to coins were submitted to John 
Evans, Ksq., F.K.S., &c.. President of the Numismatic 
Society, who has very kindly annotated them. For the 
aid thus freely rendered by these gentlemen my hearty 
acknowledgements art due. 

The second volume will contain correspoodence and 


private notes relating to archaeological discoveries made 
in almost every county of England, and in many parts 
of Scotland ; and these will be arranged in chronological 
order under the counties to which their subject-matter 
chiefly relates. A few of these letters have already 
been published by Nichols in his BeliquicB Galeance^ and 
appear to have been taken from Gale's transcripts in the 
possession of Mr. Coore, and as the originals have been 
placed in my hands by Mr. St. John, I have had the 
opportunity of collating the transcripts with them. 
Generally speaking, the handwriting of the correspon- 
dents is excellent, while the spelling appears to have 
followed no fixed rules. It is the custom of the Surtees 
Society, while it retains the spelling of the period, to 
follow the usage of the present day in regard to capitals, 
stops, and contractions. In the first part of this volume 
I have inadvertently adopted the ancient usage, and 
must therefore ask the Members of the Society to look 
upon that portion of the work as a specimen merely 
of original orthography. Several particulars which 
are not generally known, and are not without interest, 
are disclosed by the memoranda in this volume. We 
find that Stukeley's devotion to antiquarian pursuits 
and fondness for collecting curious articles, naturally led 
him not only to investigate his family history, but to 
acquire whatever objects would aid him in this inquiry. 
Besides some leaves of ancient churchwardens' accounts, 
which contain the names of his ancestors, he was pos- 
sessed of a remarkably fine monumental brass, formerly 
in the north aisle of Great Stukeley church, Hunts. A 


sketch of it appears in one of his volomes of drawbgs, 
and represents Sir Nicholas Stukeley. In the doctor's 
fine pedigree at Dinmorc House, this individual finds a 
place under date 1357. We learn from the Brazen-nose 
Diary or Literary Memoirs how Stukeley became pos- 
sessed of the brass. In vol. iv , p. 59, 1741, he writes: 
**Mr. Torkington, rector of Little Stukeley, sent me 
the brass image of Sir Nicholas de Styvede which hb 
fiither and I took off the stone in the church of Great 
Stukeley many years ago (it being loose), and carried 
to the mansion house in Great Stukeley. Somebody 
has since then [1721] broke it in pieces, I suppose in 
order to sell it for old brass."' In vol. xviii., p. 29, of 
the same memoirs, 1759, he again writes : ^* I fixed the 
fine brass of Sir Nicholas de Styvecle, which I retrieved 
from Great Stukeley, on a mahogany board. They had 
pulled it off the stone in the church, and broke it into 
pieces, in order to sell it for old brass, and this since I 
took a drawing of it (9 July, 1 721 ), and had it engraved. 
The long brass inscription which went round the verge of 
the stone, with his name, history, and time of his death, 
&c., had been loose, and taken off before, and laid up in 
the parish chest ; but upon inquiry we (bund it gone ; as 
also the brasses of his two wives, his son, and daughter, 
from the same stone. But I thought it a necessary 
piece of piety toward my great progenitor to preserve 
what remained.** Lastly, in vol. xx « p. 52, be says : 
^On 4 June, 1764, put up Sir Nicholas de Stukele/s 
monumental brass effigies in the chapel of my mauso- 
kum at Kentish Town.** Sir Nicholas is r ep res en ted in 


fall armour, bare-headed, hair cropped close, feet resting 
on a dog ; and he is l3ang upon a cross, the stem of 
which shews below his feet, and the trefoiled ends of the 
arms of the cross project above his head and beyond his 
arms. In the pedigree the date of this " progenitor " is 
1357, but I think this is from 80 to 100 years too early, 
because at that period knights were generally repre- 
sented with their helmets or bascinets on ; they wore 
moustaches ; and their armour consisted of mail and 
plate, and over all was the jupon ; whereas Sir Nicholas 
is shown with a smooth face, the elbow plates are large, 
the tuiles are long and pointed, and reach to the knees, 
and the soUarets are long and acutely pointed, all charac- 
teristics of the later date. 

In 1709 Stukeley took his M.B. degree at Cambridge, 
and in August of the same year went to London ^^ to 
see the practice of St. Thomas's hospital.'' During the 
time he resided in London he frequented St. George's 
church, and there ^^ received the sacraments, little think- 
ing," as he says, ^^ that I should ever have the honour to 
preside at the sacred table." In the last vol. (xx.) of 
his memoirs, he has made a note that on October 30, 
1763, when he was 75 years of age, he first preached in 
spectacles ; that the topic of his sermon was against too 
much study ; and that his text was ^^ Now we see 
through a glass darkly." In the following year, on 
Sunday, April 1, as an eclipse of the sun was to occur, 
beginning soon after 9 in the morning, with the middle 
of it before 1 1, he inserted a paragraph in the " White- 
hall Evening Post," recommending that the morning 

• •• 


service in the London churches should be poetpooed to 
enable the congregati#n8 to gratify their curiosity. ^ If 
the church service/* he wrote^ ^^ be ordered to begin a 
little l>efore 12, it will properly be morning prayer, and 
an unifonnity preserved in our duty to the Supreme 
lieing, the author of these amazing celestial move* 

Irreligion in the medical profession was common in 
his (lay, and Stukeley was of opinion that many of his 
contem{K>ranes lay under this reproach. See p. 112. 
Sir Thomas Brown, of Norwich, in the previous centuiy 
ntnarkiHl that this was the general scandal of his profe»- 
hion ; and Sir Kenelm Dighy, who lived at the same 
time as Brown, obs^Tved that *' Physicians do commonly 
hi*ar ill in this liehalf ; and that it is a common speech, 
ubi tres medici, duo athei.** Not only was astrology 
much followed, but in the lu>t cTntur}' it was doaely 
allied with the* art of medicine, and U*lieved in. Accord* 
ing to Fabian Withers, a phyhirian who was ignorant of 
a>trology deserved the name of a dt*<H:iver, liecause, bj 
ol»><'rving the moving of the >ignN he would have learnt 
what himple herb would have run*d the malady which 
lli^ greatest and ^t^onge^t medirines had failed to do. 
*' Diligently «*onbult," he writts, '' with an astronomer, 
Irum whence and by what means any |ienl or danger 
may hap|Mn or come unto the<% and then either go unto 
a physician, or use discretion and tem|»erance, and bj 
that means thou mayt*st defer and prolong thy natural 
life thn>ugh the rules of astronomy and the help of the 
phyaician.** Stukeley studied afttrolugy, and in thia 


volume, pp. 90-93, the reader will find " Canons for the 
Eimarmene," and the events of his life which happened 
under planetary influence. Such remarkable fulfilments 
of astrological forecasts as those which are recorded of 
the poet Dryden, must have gone far to encourage this 
study. The poet having calculated his second son 
Charles's nativity, " was grieved to discover that he was 
bom in an evil hour, Jupiter, Venus, and the sun being 
all under the earth, and the lord of his ascendant being 
afiSicted with a hateful square of Mars and Saturn.'* He 
therefore afiSrmed that the boy would " go near to die a 
violent death at his 8th year;" at his 23rd year he 
would lie " under the same evil influence ; " and if he 
escaped this crisis, then in his 33rd or 34th year another 
calamity would befal him The first oracle was realized 
when the lx)y was nearly killed, \'iewing a stag hunt at 
his grandfather's ( Lord Berkshire J, Charlton Park, when 
a ruinous wall fell and covered him with the debris. 
The second was realized when Charles fell from the top 
of an old tower at the Vatican, Rome ; and the third, 
when, in his 33rd year, he was drowned at Windsor. — 
See Wilsan^A Life of William Congreve. 

Allusions to Richard of Cirencester are made in pp. 
56 and 80, which hardly justify Mr. Herbert's suspicion 
{Cyclops ChristianuSj p 107 n.) that Stukeley was 
Bertram's accomplice in the production of this work. 
That he was closely connected with Bertram in its pub- 
lication fully appears, but the correspondence would 
rather tend to show that he was Bertram's dupe, than 
an accomplice in the imposture. 

Short biogniphieal noCioes d the men of lettert, with 
whom Stukeley ctme into conUct» are given by him in 
bis Coromon-pUce Book, pp. 94-1 35 ; and d those whose 
names occur in the correspondence and elsewhere, in the 
foot notes passim. I trust the readers* indulgence will 
be granted me for having caused a lengthened memoir 
of Caleb Pamham, a friend and neighbour of Stukeley, 
to be written and inserted in an appendix, and that the 
interesting details of the life of so remarkable a man will 
atone for its copiousness. 

In a toot note on page S3& I have stated that Gannoc 
signifies a standard or ensign. Since the sheet was 
{Minted I have met with an allusion to the same word in 
Stukelej's Braxen-nose Diary, where it is explained to 
be the via prcstaria or high-street, and an old German 
word equivalent to via alia. 

1 have to express my thanks to Canon Raine for 
much assistance rendered ; also to the Rev. F. Hem- 
mans, Vicar of Holbeach, who has supplied a great 
amount of useful information relating to the Stukeley 
fiunily and their connection with that parish ; to the 
Rev. S. S. Lewis, F.S.A., Fellow of Corpus Chrisd 
College, Cambridge, for the loan d Masters's History 
of that college, and other s ei vi ce s ;' and especially to the 
Rev. J. K. Lunn, B.D., for the Memoir of Pamhanu 

My inexperience in the labour d a work <d this kind 
must plead for me with the Council and Members d the 

• Mr. Uvte hm Wtalj Is i o wn d m ikM tk« ^kt^ 
vHk bk tetk« to M (M C kmm^m U H^t, F ID «i 
te Tiyii ol KMi." A BiiMii t y la ft Acfti» mU la 
Ilea mtmA Mmmm^ #411 U IS. 


Society for errors and omissions which they will not fail 
to detect 

Where directions are given to subjects postea^ under 
various counties, they must be understood as referring 
to Vol. II., where they will appear. The initials at the 
headings of the letters refer to the Rev. H. F. St. John 
and Henry Coore, Esq., in whose possession they are. 


fFaih lUdary, Ripon. 


Part I. — ^The Commsntarts, Autobioobapht, Diabt, akd 
Common-place Book of William Stukeley. 

OymmeniairyB^ 1720. 

Mt Gh-andfather' Mr. John Stnkelej was bom the 4th of Jan. 
1623, at Holbech, [&] lived for the most part at Uffington within 
a mile of Stanford, I suppose not so well pleasd with the Level 
Country of Lincolnshire. Part of the house is now rebuilt by 
Mr. Blackwel on the s. side Mr. Berties. Mr. Blackwell lives in 
it. The great house was pulld down when Capt Charles Bertie 
bought the Estate k built his new house. On the backside next 
the Fields are two Rows of great Ash-trees, which were calld 
the Walk, which he planted.' He planted manv wich trees' too, 
now standing in the hedgrows of the Farm Pastures between 
Uffington k Stanford about Newsted, k there is now, or very 
lately was, an old Man in the Town alive John Smith^ (as my Coz« 
WilL Barker of that place told me) who was his Laborer then, 
particularly a little field, calld Lammas field, near the River side, 
wherein is a Spring and many Aspen trees of his setting. He 

* Mr. Wm. Hobton of Siion, k, Mr. Dan. de Lyon, whose Daoghter was 
BiAiTd. to crooked John Hobeon his ton, were goardisni to my Grandfar.— W, 8. 

' He wan natnrally mnch giren to ooontiy improTementa. — ^W. 8. 

' There are now (12 Aog. 17S0) 60 wich trees of his planting worth 6<, a 
piece. 1786. Mr. Bertie eat *em down k. sold *eni.^W. 8. 

* Jo. 8iBith d7*d in oar Hoq>ital, pat in there bj Mr. STaaa.*-W. a In 
tlM aaigin opposite to 8adth*a name Is *« Old MaxweU of brig OMtntoo." 


1 OOimiffTAlTt. 

boilt the Wall, A the Dairj booie bj the nwd tide, not &r from 
the bridge A Milli going to SUnford, where Newtted Abbj stood, 
ae my Father ooce told me. And old Morrice of Stanford knew 
him, remba hie ridg a race once himself. He wai ai to hi« per* 
•on, by all aoooonU I hare heard of him, not tall, about mj 
Father's stature, middle stature, fatdsh, of great AgiUtj A vira- 
dtjf rerj quick in speech and readj witt, particuUrlj faoetiooa, 
of a sodden apprehenaioo A would return an answer before a 
question was weU askd. His oonTertatioo being rery agree- 
id>le made him acoepuUe among the Nobilitj k Gentlemen 
unirersally liring round about the place, which was no small 
Detriment to his Affairs, keeping them Companj at their Sports 
A Diversioos, Baceing, Hunting, Qameing A the like, putting 
him upon the Neoesaity of alienating a great part of the Family 
Estate at Holbech, which is now in the hands of Dr. Pakej of 
Lincoln, giren by the Harta who bought it, particularly the 10 
acrea now in possession of Mr. Ball wherein is the MiU, which I 
hare seen in an old Map of South Holland in possess i on of Mr. 
M. Johnson of SpaUing, called Stukeleys MiU ; A all the rest of 
Pakers Estate thereabouta, A that which waa bought by the 
Pettya of Oanesborough, part in Battell fielda, Damgate, A the 
fiurm between the Vicarage houae A Barringtons gate, whereof 
my 4 acrea which lay under my Fathen house was part By 
the old Town books or Terriers it appears our Family once owned 
almost all the land for a mile round Holbech Church, by marry- 
ing the Haiieas of the Fletea. 

But to return to my Grandfather, I hare heard my Father 
say that he was mighty fond of making extempore Jokes A verses 
upon Company, A those upon his Cos. Nathan Hobson, who was 
blind of one eye, are still rememberd all orer Lincolnshire ; the 
preeent Champion ooce repeating them in my company not know- 
ing whose they were. 

Hen oosMS If tAkea avedflac. t^s^ 
WUa a broad kel mi tttw edgiac 

My aunt Dodaoo ooce repeated to me socne t ef s es which ho 
made upoo a grsat Eclipae of the sun, whidi were ooi oootemp- 

W. JSTUKSLIT^ 1720. 3 

He fint manyed Jane Dowman* of a good Family there but 
came originallj from Yorkshire, who left him two sons & two 
Daughters. These Dowmans or Dolemans went afterwards to 
Soham near Ely where some are still living, Thej had a great 
Estate, her mother was a Blechendjn in Kent related to the 
Hales* there, a Family of great note & wealth. One of her 
sisters was in her young time a Celebrated Beauty. Shedyd 
not long agoe at £Iy. I went one Christmas from Cambridg to 
see her & she was almost ravishd with joy. I think she was the 
finest woman of her age (above 80) that I ever saw. My Grande- 
mother was buryed in U£5ngton^ Quire 23 Dec 1662, & after- 
wards my Grandfather manyed Ellen' the daughter of John 
Crossland, Esq% of Helmsley in Yorkshire, sister to S' Jordan 
Crossland. Her former Husband was William Prideauz,® Bp. 

* Da. of Wm. Dowmsn of UfBngton, Eaq., a Justice of peace, living May 
1664.— W. 8. The family of Dowman liTed at the hooae called '*The Mote.*' 

John ThofntOD, Qent, ob. Sep. 13, 15d8.nFAnn, eldest dan. of Bobt Draiye, Esq. 

Sir Soger Thornton, knt^ 

Wm. Dowman, ^...Blechendyn Isaac ^LjiiA 

of Uffiagton, Bsq. j of Kent. Lnkjn. J Thornton. 

S. Bllen, or Sleanoi^^ohn Stakeley,^!. Jane D., Mildmay ^Mary Lnkyn, 

d. of John Groesland, of Uffington, 
of Helms^y, Esq. Qent. ob. 1675. 
(widow of 0€iU»A 
Ma^gaietX West- 

bnrd. at Dowman, 

UIBngton, of Soham, 

23 Dec., Esq. 

ob. 1676. 

Adliird Stnkeley. 

John Stokd^, bon& Oetob. 1667.y:FranoeB, 2d dan. of Bobt. BnUen, of Weston. 
Wm. Stnkeley, M.D., F.B.S., F.8JL, bom 1687. 

• Ld. Chief Jnstice Hales. 

* The Estate at Ufliagton belonging to ^^Uera, Dnke of Buckingham, as 
Ukewise that at Helmsl^, now Dnncombs ; I suppose my grandfr. went thither 
to make a lease, pay rent or the like, ft so came acquainted with her. 8r. 
Christ, fflaphsm liv'd in the great old manner house at Uffiagton at this time, 
or at the Fiyeiy (8r. Puiy Custs,) or at Mr. Snows on Bam hilL— W. & 

* JTssasr Ckodand. Dugd. VUUation, Vol zxxwL, Snrtees Soc 

• OoloMl ia the Boyal Aimy, 


Prid6Mix*«'* ion, wboM estate wmi niiiiM for hU Lqjrmltj in tbe 
Ormod Rabdlioo. Ha rmiad a Regimaot in faror of liie Roval 
party, k maantain*d it at hit own Charf^ He wai a rerj valiant 
maUi k iiew 14 or 16 of the Rebek with hia own hand at the 
Battel of Maraton More** where be rec*d hb Deatba wound. 
ThiB Dr. Tanerod Robinson*^ told me, ^' wbo i» deaoended from the 
Ooalanda. Mrt. Ellen Croaland wai a very great Beaatr k had 
the honor of a aalnte from King Charles I. when at York, who 
oaoad her picture to be drawn bj Vandjke k bung up in bis 
Gallery of Ladja. King Charles II. gare her a pension in con- 
sideration of her husbands eminent senrioea. Mj Grandfather 
had no children bj her, k she provd an excellent Mother in Law, 
for my Fa' , the younger Bro'*, wms designd by my Grandfather 
to be brought up to Country business k Grazing, his elder Bro'- 
my Uncle being put Clerk to the Law ; but my Fa*** Geniun not 
condescending to any thing so mean he never would leave Sch<K>l, 
but was reaolvd to be a scholar. So every morning his Mo' uad 
to get up betimes to give him victuals k send him away to Stan- 
ford School before his Fa' wms out of bed, k at night he usd to 
abscond tiU his Father wms in bed, so that oo Sundays only he 
could be met with, k then he was always sure of a good beating 
for the whole weeks arrears, which hia Mo' often by her inter- 
position prevented, and nature would prevail sgainst all obstacle. 
My Grandfather dyd at Uffington May 1675, aged 58 y. 4 
months, k was buryed in the Quire by my Grand mother. His 
widow lived afterwards at Westminster to the time of her Death. 
She was mighty desirous of seeing me when a Boy, and sent me 
a guinea for a present but dyd before I ever came to Loodoo, k 
was buryed in the South-west Comer of S^ Margaret* Church 

* BUkep ci Wofc-lM, iai!»SO. <>■ tkt lUb orw kit i— jIm In n^dcm 
cterdi. WorMiC«r«liirt(wkitbwlMrttlrHlo«bdBf tafMdoMolkit lUtkofvic* 
and hT«d wita kit ■ B«v. Joka W«6Ik tka BacfarX U taaenbad. 
*" Jokaaaas mdaaaa 4.0. ISTa, BtpL 17. aalai p^|o f^kaeara, md paraaiikas 
t s faa ai a" Ha diad If Jslj. I«i0. tgad Tf. 

" 8r. Jordaalaa vaakilldtkalkattlaaoaMaaadiaf atiaaparkoffaa.— W.e. 
For a tkmrt If taMif ci Dr. T. Bakiaaoa, Ma 8takalf7*s 


W. 8TUKELE7, 1720. 5 

His Bister Esther marryd into the Family of the Kymes at 
Boston who lived in Rochford, or by some Richmond Tower, 
whose ancestors have been famous in that County ever since 
before the Conquest. His younger Bro'* Antony purchased 
the Estate of the Guild of Holbech, which is still in the hands of 
the Ghraves's of Sutton his Descendants. The Stukeleys now in 
Norfolk and Suffolk come from him. One was a Dignitary of 
the Cathedral of Norwich, S'* Tho. Browns monum^ ; another 
now is Parson of Preston near Lavenham & has children; 
another is now Parson of Middleton cum Membris. 

There was a Picture of my Grandfit'* drawn with shoulder 
knotts the fashion of the Time, but upon the strictest enquiry I 
could never hear what became of it 

My Aunt Dodson eldest Da'* waited as Companion to the 
Earl of Twomounds Lady in North^toushire. 

My Fa'* Mr. John Stukeley'^ was bom at UfBngton Octob. 
1657. After his Fa'- dyd his elder Bro'- Adlard took him 
to be his Clerk in the Business of the Law, at Holbech, in 
the old seat of the Family, & being himself of a very weak con- 
sumptive habit gave him to understand that he had no thoughts 
of marrying & expected that he should, so he lived with him 
afler his Clerkship was out, & prosecuted his business with great 
Industry, indulging at the same time his natural inclination for 
planting & improvement upon the Estate derived from his 
Fa'* as looking upon it one day to be his own. He sett most of 
the young wood now about the house & all the Quick hedges, 
several Bows & Walks of Ash trees among the Coppices & home 

When he was near 29 years old he made his Addresses to the 
second of the Four Daughters of Mr. Robert Bullen of Weston, 
who lived upon the Estate near the Sea Bank called S'* Lamberts. 
She was then very young about 17 and handsome. At times 
she lived in London at Mrs. Yanderspritts, the comer house of 
Bosh lane (I think) in Canon street just by London stone, where 
be courted her when he came up in Term time. At length they 
were marryd at Pinchbeck on Fryday the 28 May 1686, by 
the Vicar Mr. Mitchel, (The Poesie of his ring, I have obtaind 

*• ICjr Fa^ Uved at Holbech 102.— W. 8. 

6 ODidcnTABn. 

wbom God ardaiod, which I hmre now hj iiie)| A gresi 
courte of naighboring Qontlemen A Relatioiu bemg prMent. 
Going thro' Bpdding upon their BeCom to W e rto o tn grMft 
Speed, ai is the custom at Weddiogs in the Oovntrji mm old 
Gentlewoman who was mj Fa*** djent calld to him Tery ooUi- 
dtooslj enquiring whose Wedding it was, A took it Terj ill thai he 
rode awaj without informing her, ss I hare heard him pleasantlj 
refaUe it Between Spalding k Mr. Bollens house, the coapanj 
beiog all upon full speed, mj Mo'- who was an exoellent Horse- 
woman, being upon a fioe joong Gelding of mj Grandfiuher 
Bollens, fairlj ootstript all the company k reached her Fa"^ house 
leering them behind, very merrily whipping my Fa"^ hores A 
himself too, k )oking him for being deserted by his Bride. 

In aboat half a jear after, my Mo'* miscarried ; k on Monday 
the 7th Noremb. 1687 between 7 A 8 at night I was bom** in my 
Fathers (more probably in my Uncle Stokeleys) boose in Holbech, 
in the chamber the south east comer of the boose next the Garden 
(as I suppose) called the blue chamber. This bouse my Fa'* boogfat 
of Mr. Thacker, with 9 or 10 acres of ground under it, which he 
imprord rery much by building a great part of the hopse, 
wainsootting, deling Ac A the pastures he planted with 
the orchard with Fruit ; he built rery fine stables, baok hammm^ 
somer house, walls round the yard A Garden, set Quick he d ge s 
round the pastures and ristos of Ash, Oak, Elm A Walnut lb 
Field between the Front of the house and the Viearige ho«se he 
made into a grore, a Fine Avenue leading into the church yanL 
This he calld the Walk, in imitation of that at Uffingtoo, by whieh 
appellation it is still known. He beightned all the roads Isadii^ 
to the bouse, carrying thither many thousand oartloads of earth, 

Uj Far tWs a moatb abort SO. Vy U<Ahtr If. If rm. 
•idwifa, a Tfmem CWombU aj sott. I mekl oi mj Mof • 
a llMe «M broac^ sp bj Ua 8pm. a vm tlM omkj skiM libs Uielga 
•• Ur. for tbo* aba waa iba fondaai Rarant la iba world jai aba bad Ibsi paesil* 
sffi^ tbac aba ooald %oi aboar Ui iba ama»ofi f caiftiaa tMilariaBi^ aa Itei abs 
is bar Ufa avar kiaai tmjcihu ebildraa. a I lasaaabar psrfasllj 
at tba i^ ol IS I vaa a parfad anaes* ta 

I «M cbffiatMd tba 21 loUpvtec ^ Mr* 

Uwim§ ia Hpaldiac Mr. Wm. WaUatt ol WvieA, aqr Oed- 
fsiban k MJ fTraaitainlitT f ilttn fi -tft in mj t^raaitfa' mj thidaMUbsr Uj 
m^ bsps tba dslbsi I wsa ht^timi ta a aqr liilsr asw bss til W.a 

W. STUKXLSYy 1720. IS 

filling up for the most part a great pitt by the aide of Baii^y 
Pitt & planting Trees upon them. He made several fifihpon<JU 
in the yards which he stockt with Pike, built a Dove hovtB^ 
wherein were an excellent & plentiful breed of Pigeons, made a 
new well, and was the cause of all the wells in Town being dug, 
which was a great benefit to the Countiy so scarce ci water in 
summer time, that Pump at the old Seat of the Family being the 
only one in the Parish at that time. He sett his heart very much 
upon improveing the Town where his ancestors had lived for 
many generations, was the great instrument of building the largQ 
Mercat Cross^* there, the Bose & Crown Inn,*^ bringing the Butter 
Trade thither, & obtaind a Post to come fix)m Spalding to bring 
the letters. He was made churchwarden, when he erected a new 
Beading Desk, & Pulpit for the Minister, & seats in the Church.^ 
He new built the wall between the church yard & the Street, 
was very earnest in collecting Contributions for rebuilding the 
Yicarige house.^' He purchased of S'* Oeo. Humble a paroell of 
old shops in the Mercat place by the Bridge, & at vast ezpence 
rebuilt 5 new houses thereon. He spard no cost in making 
good brick and lime, fetching the stone firom Lincoln, & fine oak 
timber from Tumby Wood, and coverd them all with tile or slate 
which till then was a stranger there. He new built the Cheoquer 
Inn A made fine vaults of brick, was instrumental in promoting 
more building all over the Town, & in planting Trees & quick 
sett hedges, so that the Countiy looks all like a Ghurden, & in 
Summer time yields to none for pleasantness. He assisted in 
taking in large tracts of Marsh land from the Sea, &, was [Mrind- 
paUy concemd in Mr. Belgraves new intake ; was very zealous 
in all works of sewers for draining the country, opening the 

** Ko ICarket Ciots now eziits. There ii a lamp post upon a stone bMe in 
the centre of the road, which stone has been thought to have been the base of 
a cross taken down in 16SS. 

" Tliere is a Bose and Crown Inn not far from the Stnkeliy aronnds ; and 
the Gbeqner Inn, aUnded to below, is now the chief Hotel, jnst opposite the 
diBzch, and is said to haTe been boilt on the site of All Saints HospitaL 

" The Desk and Pulpit were xemoTod in the time of the Ber. J. Morton, 
forty-ilTe jean ago ; and the whole of the seats cleared away in 1SS7. 

■* The present Vicarage was boilt between 1S38 and 1S40 ; bat two rooms 
of the fwMBP boose remain. 


•Iniceti loowring out fiills, A had oUatnd Orders finom the Com- 
miitioiien at Spalding for erecting one or more Water Sngioea 
in the Pariah, bat, be dying soon after, the work fiaU to the 
groond. He had bargee came up with lime ttoue, A other mate- 
rials from the Wash up the Hirer, to the Church Bridg which 
was nerer done before or since. He made Tast plantatioos 
of young trees, sowing aooms A other plants, A setting them 
in the borders of his Fields. I transplanted since his Death 
some hundreds of them, A oaks among the rest raiad from 
his acorns, which I oarryed in Wagons to sett in Distant 

He was in person not tall, fat, of small bones, faceiioos in 
company, good humord the* a little passionate, of a Oeoeroos 
ition, of an open undesigning freedom of speech, esuiei to 
word, affable A courteous, condescending to the meanest, 
respectful. to his superiors, careful in the education of his chil- 
dren, I have heard him say that if he had but a groat in the 
world he would lay out 3d. of it to gire them learning, a great 
encourager of Industry, lovd to have many workmen imployd A 
constantly paid them erwy Saturday night A true 4 inde- 
fatigable Friend, A one who had or desenrd no Enemy, kind to 
his Relations even to a Fault, a sincere Lover of his Country A 
the National Church ; I cannot detirmine the party he was of, 
but in matters of Elections be ever promoted the Interest of those 
be thought the honestest Patriot A spard no pains or cost in 
doing it He was a stickler in the Revolution from his enmity 
to Popery A arbitrary Power. He undenrtood the Latin Lan- 
guage well. I have a book of Phrases collected out of Horace by 
bim when a Schoolboy, well done A handsomly written, A a 
great quantity of bis Exercises A venes in Latin A Greek, 
Tranalations in the ssme languages. He had a good Engiiah 
stile. He aflfectcd a jocoee good humord way of speaking in 
common conversation, 4 was master of all the good Qualitys 
thst became his ProfessioQ vastly distant from the iU onca. No 
person found him slack in giring the honestest advice to his 
Clyent, nor would be be engagd upon any terms in a eaaae 
which be suspected to be knavish, which the inccees of his Prae- 
taae flofficieotly evideooea, fur be was rsmarirahly happy that 

W. STUKELETy 1720. 9 

way, A seldom had a trjal went against him.^ He was stren- 
uoosly ooncemd in managing that famoos suit between the Im- 
propriator of the parsonage of Holbech & the Town, which they 
have ever since been sensible of in its good consequences in rela- 
tion to the modus of tytheS| and there was a notable Ballad made 
of it, wherein he had the chief hand, the Burden being (which I 
remember ever since a schoolboy) 

For Geovge" without Garter 
has lott his iham Charter 
for tithing lambs after 
not on clipping day, 

He had a good knack at Poetry & Bhjaning, a tuneable voice 
& could sing tolerably well. When young he exercisd himself 
in ringing & promoted the ringing Loft much which was erected 
in the steeple. 

He took great care of the publick concerns & Accounts of the 
ParisL The Lord Lievtenant of the County, the Marquis of 
Lindsey, now D. of Ancaster, gave him a Lieutenants commission 
in the Militia which he kept to his Death, & offerd to put him 
into the Commission of the Peace but he dedind it Li Aug. 
1695 he was elected one of the Stewards at a great Meeting of 
all the Attorneys in the Countys of Northton, Lincoln, Hunting- 
don, Rutland & Isle of Ely, at Suly in Northtonshire. He was 
very affectionate to his wife, tender yet reasonably strict to his 
children, a kind master to his servants & Laborers. Friendly to 
all his Brother Practitioners, Loyal to his Prince, a Zealous 
enemy to Popery & T]rranny, attachd to the Church of England, 
& against persecuting the Dissenters, never saying any thing 
worse of them than that they thought differently from him, & 
the surest way to lessen their numbers was to leave them to their 
own way ; that Truth needed not & would never gain Proselytes 

* Indefatigable in aerring thoa thftt trusted their affairs in his hands; 
readj to lend his advise k monej to those that wanted it, 4c in Tindicadng them 
from wrong k oppression ; the common Father of the inferior part of the par- 
isht wtrj diariti^le to the indostrioos poor, k would not faU to sett them to 
work himself, or enable them to cany on their particolar trades k business. 
His tenants k dependants were sore of a constant Friend in him, k ewtrj one 
•trore to be onder hia cognisance k regard.— W. 8. 

" AUnding to Lord George who held it under the Bp. of Lincoln.— W. 8« 


by Foroey nor lose bj LeoHj A good ntage ; 4 indaad aU th« 
Ditaeoten of the ptruh, of whaterer dfloominalioOi tmtlad Umv 
boflineM io hit handi, tbo* be wm the fiutbett penoo from fii?«r» 
log their Opinions, k would ofteo mildly reuoo with them opoo 
their disputes. Nerer any Coootry Gentleman left a Surer char- 
aoter, nor was more regretted, For upon news of his OB eip e d ed 
Death a Qeneral Grief struck thro* the whole country. Mr. Jmy 
of Fleet, a Good Neighbor & Gentleman of Estate, was so coo« 
cemed at it that he could not goe to Dinner that day 4 said ha 
should not live long after him, A indeed he dyd in less than a 
years time. Mr. Wm. Wallis nerer mentioned my Father to 
me but tears burst out, & to this day none of my old Neighbors 
meet me without expresaing the most sensible demonstratioiis of 
the loss of him, k remembrance of his particular serrioes io thea 
A tlieir great Lom, A the uniTersal detriment the country ana* 
taind thereby, A Indeed, ever since, the Face of the country ia 
alterd A the parish dwindled away to -nothing. No order nor 
rtigulation observd among them, for want of his poweHul inedi* 
ation A moderation to stifle their little Feuds of ContentioO| 4 
conduct the business of the Public by his superior manageoMBi 
4 regulation. 

He had nothing to begin the world withall but his pen 4 ink, 
4 left an Estate of his own acquiring of about S00£ p. ano, 
too small to suspect he usd indirect means for obtaining it, 4 
doubtless he might honestly hare got much more but be thought 
it sufficient to put his children into a capacity of making their 
Fortunes by their own industry in Business, 4 that it was pre* 
farable to setting them abore the world 4 in a state of inda 
pcndi^cy, which rrnders young people too obnoxious" to all the 
rmnitys 4 errors, affluence and their years prompt them to. Ha 
rightly obserrd that a view of business 4 making ones self 
siderable wss the truest spur to that laudable ambition 4 
of our own Facultys which turns the fire of youth out of the 
wrong path, 4 train of appetites they would naturally persoe, talo 
the track of merit 4 endeaforing to excel! ; That a soitaUa 
employment fills up the early racancys of life 4 eutta off the 
opportunitys of the idle pomiita, the keeoess of cor 

■ i«.UsUs. 

W. STUKKLETy 1720. 11 

ixit too naturally prompts us too ; k being sett right in onr first 
going oat into the high road of Yirtae is half the jonmey, an 
Lnproveingmiderstanding & judgment of things then continoally 
ripening upon ns 'will {»olMibly make ns useful members of 
Society, k teach us to aoqnit ourselves well in all its characters 
that Frovidence shall afterwards place us in. Whereas being 
wholly exempt from the .cares of providing the necessary sup- 
ports of onr stations, k proposing no prospects but the satisfaction 
of animal Inclinations, we being a scandal upon our species as 
well as Family, k effectually ruin the Fortunes our Ancestors 
have too libeiaDy provided for us, not knowing the care k dili- 
gence they took to raise it 

Indeed my Fa'* toward the latter end of his short life grew 
very indcdent as to business, k would entiroly have left it off but 
fer my mothers persuasions, he refusd being steward to the Col- 
lege of St Johns Cambr. for their lands in HolL Mr. Duncomb 
offerd him the Mannor of Holbech, S'* Edw^ Irby the caro of 
his Estate thereabouts, k several other very profitable Steward- 
afaipe he might liave had £rom my Uncle Stukeley but he per- 
emptorily refusd em, k I beleive the chief engagement he had 
to continue the aflGurs of his profession was in order to leave it 
to some of his children, he kept the Burlyon mannor in Oedney 
belonging to Lord Stanford, k the CuUyer Bents thero of Lord 
-Qasulstonea. He was a lover of Family k other Antiquitys. 
Onoe when I was with him at Oourt keeping thero, when his 
Clerk, he orderd me to take out the old Inscription cut upon the 
sooth door of ihe Churoh,^ k the Inscription upon the fine old 
Tomb of the Welbys^ an antient k worthy Family in these parts 
related to us ; & my dexterity at it made him commend me which 
probably was the first seeds of my love of Antiquitys. 

About 1690 I learnt the first Rudiments of Letters of Mrs. 
rood, an old deeay'd Gentiewoman at Holbech, who 

* The imeriplioii ittiided to is on tiie tenth door of Qedn^ ehnreh, S| 
■fl« Irom Holbech, and is as follows :— ** Pax Xti sit hvio domai ct oauiiboa 
hafailantlbDs in ea. Hie xoqaiaa nostra.** 

** The We)l7 monnment is a dab, bearing a Bnss figure, with the fbUow* 
Ing inscription : — *' Orate pro a*i*m domins Johmnn» Welbj qoondsm nxoris 
Bicsidi Welby senioris et fili» Ridi Lejke miliUs qae obiit ISo die Decembris 
Sni BOOooivilL Ctajoa aaiaw pcopfioietar Deos.** 


taught all the ChiMrai io the Parish, k in 1692 I was pat to the 
Free-School at the Church there, which was foaoded bj the 
Family of the Farmer*, A bj them, A other Benefactort together, 
eodowd with lands k tenements to the jearij %*aloe of £40 or 
50 p anB. my Fs'* being one of the trustees of that Cbaritj. 
Tlie Ma'* then wis the learned Mr. Edw^ Kelsal, who in 4 jears 
time left us fur the School of Boston, k afterwards became the 
Vicar there, k dyd last summer (1719). To him at Holbach 
succeeded Mr. W** Smith, about 1696, a lieicestershire Gent, 
chiefly introduced by my Fa^ recommended by Mr. W** Bet- 
grare who had a good estate in the Country. My Fa'- likewise 
obtained a Benefaction of £10 p anH. from Mr. Charies Bellei 
of Clements Inn« whose estate at Holbech he was steward for, k 
stood Godfather to my sister now liring, this was p^ ss long as 
he lird. He was buryed at Strubby, where a small Estate feu to 
me about 1716 by the Death of my old Aunt Whiieing who 
before was Widow to my Grandfather Bullins Bro'* 

[I could walk alone when I was a year okL] 

In the year 1694 I learnt to write of Mr. Coleman who taught 
us in the Quire of the Church. He had a mighty knack of 
drawing with his Pen, which Incited my natural Inclination that 
way, k I was erer after endearoring to divert mysdf in it, k 
generally carryed tlic bell from my Cotemporary Imitatora. He 
dyd some years sfter and wsa buried in the churchyard of Hol- 
bech, in the north-east comer between the Church k Quire. 
Some few years after, I went a journey on horseback to visit an 
Aunt, elder sister to my Mo' who marryd Mr. Leonard Thomp- 
son living in Hagnaby, near Bullingbroke, where we passd thn>* 
boston, k visited our numerous Relations living tiirreaboutA. I 
drew tlien a Map (after a sort) of all my Journey, which reConi- 
ing I showd to my schoolfellows, k surpriid *em with strangv 
Rslstions of the high countrys as we calM 'em, which was a new 
workl to me, bred up in our L4»vel k had no other uuiion U hills 
4 mountains than what I had formd in my own mind, fttNn the 
words in the Latin Grammar. The next morning at my Aunts, 
when I got up k saw from my chamberwindows the s«ljacent 
Eleration of Keal hill, I was iufinitely at a k)ss to hare a true 
Idea of the place k the Cborob al top, 4 Mtking eoM mil 

W. STUKELETy 1720. 13 

moi tho' snfficientlj tird & 8ore with rideing before/from taking 
a joarney up to it, so I was conducted by my Aunt's man, Philip 
Englishy who since dyd at Medlam house Farm in the Fen, I 
remember I was so silly as to ask him, (being fond of knowing 
the origine of things^) whether it was not made by one Keal & 
thence derived its name, & nothing sufficiently can express the 
emotion of my passions upon so new a scene of Nature. The 
yariety of ascents, the fine Prospect, gave me a satisfaction I was 
an utter stranger to before, & I fancyd myself in an enchanted 
world. Whilst we stayd there I was strangly delighted with a 
brook that ran before my Aunts door, & could not be easy till I 
had tracd it up to the very Fountain head, & learnt how it issud 
from the Ground, & then I oonceivd so strong an affection for 
that countiy that I never could rightly relish my native plains 
again, & even when I came to live & practise at Boston I always 
thought my self peculiarly happy, & took all opportunitys to visit 
this country & the Wolds again, & felt an uncommon pleasure 
when I was mounting these hills, the primitive face of the Earth, 
& tnmd my back of the low countiy which I esteemdonly as the 
leavings of the Ocean & artificial Ground. 

Whilst I was a schoolboy I learnt to dance of Mr. Butler 
among the other young Fry of the Town, & my Fa'* engagd 
Mr. Smith, our Schoolmaster, to teach me to play on the Flute, A 
I found it serviceable to my health,^ that gentle exercise strength- 
ening my lungs which were naturally weak, insomuch that I was 
several times in danger of falling into a consumption which 
seems transmitted to me from my Grandfa'* Bullen, but by the 
care of Dr. Nutton of Spalding I recoverd. At this time I was 
always possessed with a mighty inclination of retiring into the 
Wood^ & little shady places in the Parish & round about, so 

* . I Qtd to be troubled in mj 7011th 4c ail my Bron> k Sister with kyVd 
heela in winter time, k chapd handi in MTeritj of weather from an acrimony 
of the blood. Ify Uncle Stokel^ ntd to be affected after the same manner 
even whilst he wai a yonng man.— W. 8. 

[Aboot this time happend near a total eclipse of the Son, which I remember 
was an agreeable sight to me.]— W. S. 

* Qnapload oak wood near a fana of my Fa^ like that described by 
Ftatardi, v. IheseL densissimam ^ylTam aspan^oq et fndtleeeoiiBitamw— W, 8. 


that on hotjdmj% I gwenDj {mmI a good Ami of time tfaore, 4 
wUlft the other boys were botjr in bunting for birds neita, I 
boajd nqraelf in reading tome book I oarryd in roj poeket, or 
eootenplating die abmbs 4 planta, 4 entling roj Name on the 
bark of treea with the date, numy of whieh in the pariah I bare 
aeen ainoe atill remaining. 

Mr. Kebal oar Matter oad to make oa bring abatracta from 
the aennon on Mmidaj mominga, which I had to good an art at 
taking that I oooU fiimiah tome of mj echool feUowi with 
portioaa at a reaaonaUe rate, 4 dnnrti a oonaiderable traffic that 
way. Onoe, when Terj yoimgy I took a fimej to pUj the tmant 
4 ahacooded far 9 or 8 daya, bat wae catobd I7 m j Fa** on horae- 
back in an onaeaaonabie hoar 4 place 4 aent capttre to echool| 
bat with an ityonctiQa to be apored for the fint fianlt 

I learnt 00 the Flote afterwarda of Mr. Herring, Organiat ai 
BattoQ, who went to Booie 00 the Jubilee year with roj Lord 
Kseter that djd abroad. I had a tolerable knadt of nttking 
EngUah 4 Latin r ere ea, which waa eoocmragd bj Mr. Smith, 
4 mj Fa'* who finequentJy gare aae aobjecta oot of the Sertptare 
4 other beadi to exerdae my Talent npon, 4 he weald be parti- 
ealarlj pleaad to read *em orv. I oad to goe a etmpUng with 
Mr. Aaooagh, Apothecary in the Town, into Fleet Wooda, 4 
knowing a pretty many plania, layd, I baUere, the Foandatioa 
for my bielinatioQa to the etody of Phjraic in that early age. 

Mr. Belgrafo, who waa bred at Oxford, 4 an ingeaioaa Geat, 
being fie q ne at ly at my Fatbera booee, woald be talking with my 
Maaler 4 Fa'- among other learned aobjecta, open Aatrooemy, 
4 I eudeeiord ahraya to liatea huhind the ecreea to their daa- 
eoorea, partieolarly when they were open the topic of the eartha 
BBotioa, which I peroeiTd Mr. Belgrade waa firmly pereoaded oC 
Bat I thooght it eo improbable a notion that I eet mjreeif to work 
lo collect, from Co r iptui e and my own little Reaaoning, all the 
A fgum e o ta I coald mnaier op, 4 had them in a book eo aa that 
it made a little vohune, drawing at the eame time e ch e m e e of the 
planetary Orfaa aa I oooceivd *cm to be, 4 woald eometimee wmt' 
tore to argoe with them open that head. Setreral yeara after 
when my cooceptiooe of theee mattan were better formed I bomt 
■jBoekwUehaayFar-waefeiya^ry ntifor he 

W. 8TUKKLET, 1720. 15 

fistch it to read to Company, being pleaad with my attempt tho^ 
I aoppose not much eonvincd by mj weak argunentation. I nsd 
to eonyerae very mnch with the Parish Clark, Wm. Pepper, a 
tenant of my Fa"* who taught me something of the use of the 
Quadrant, & Dialling, & some Astrology withal, so that I eonld 
take the height of a steeple, & readily erect a scheme of twelve 
houses, A was very fond of the art, till the Uniyersity corrected 
my Judgment in those matters. Mr. Brampton, Organist of 
Sotton, a nuithematician, ««d to be with my Fa'- some Ume 41 
was mightily dehghted w^ his company ; he had a knack in 
Astrology, & Physiognomy, & the like, & would often tell me I 
was bom to good Fortune but he did not acquaint me with the 
rules of his art Mr. William Tidd, whom my Fa'* employd in 
tyling the houses he built, was another correspondent of mine in 
such amusements, & Mr. W"* Day who lives now at Spalding, 
who was very ingenious in Drawing & Painting, increased my 
Love & Practise in the exercise of the pen, & I foUowd the trade 
of map making so that I had delineated pretty good plans of our 
whole parish as far as my Travels reachd, & by degrees made 
maps of the whole country. I had improvd my writeing A 
fao simile, so that I was a perfect master of Secretaiy, & Text, 
& Chancery, and Court hand, that my Fa'* resolved to take me 
to his own business, & declind admitting any clerks upon that 
account I affected Carving very much, A cut heads & figures 
out of Wood and Brick and Stone, some of which my Fa'* would 
take A place in his buildings. One head now stands in the 
Gavel end of the study he built anew at his house, next the Gkuv 
den, & I became so considerable a mechanic, that when any 
Poppet shows came to Town I presently imitated them, & made 
Scenes, Figures with moveable Legs, & Arms, & Strings to them, 
& uad to perform very notably before a great spectators of my 
School fellows on a holiday, & had a huge collection of such 
wooden Qentry. I likewise at this time had a strange propen- 
sitj to Buflding which was either an extratbiee Indination or 
Lnitation at least of my Fa'* for I made littie brick molds, A 
temperd day, A burnt the bricks I made, many 1000, A then 
cot them into tapering forms, ^practised Edifices in Minniatore, 
A was vecy diligent in making A trying all sortB of ArdMSy 4 


finding oot the prineiplaa upon wbiob their ftrengtb iBprnniB^ k 
the different fonni & weights thai thej wonld soetain. One of 
mj Fathen men had got the collection of old tongt made on 
Bobin Hood. A among the reet of hia company m^ Nao»e eake, 
which he uad to aing oTer to tis in a winters erenmg. This ael 
my head upon Archery, to that I made me 4 my Bro^ Bowi 4 
arrows, 4 we became very ex[iert at Archery, so that I hare fre- 
quently kilM a small bird when we rambled about the fields. I 
imagine this was rery serviceable too in my health in opening 
the Thorax 4 lungs, 4 gave me a vast strength in my arms, so 
that I can break an ordinary Manchester Bow with drawing it 

About this Tmie I remember I took a fimcy for old Coyns 4 
Medals, 4 Mr. Lentoo of Fleet finding a whole urn full of 
Roman Brass coyn in that Parish, I got several of them which I 
have to this day. One odd humor I had of burying several 
different peices in boxes up 4 down in my Fathers pastures 
which lye there now. All which fancjs were but the dawnings 
of those studys which I pursuM at more mature years. Mr. 
Pettit who kept an Inn at Holbech, 4 had been broug ht up al 
Hayes Printing house at Cambridg, was a collector of coyns 4 
other antiquitys, 4 encouragd me in such amusements, several 
of his I have now by me of his gift, as likewise an old casting 
mold df black marble. I suppose it Saxon because one of the fiioes 
of the coyn is a mitred figure, the other a lyon of that date ; it 
was found in Oranichester plowd lands near Cambridge. There 
was about this time an okl brass seal dug up in my Uncle SCnkeleys 
Garden, having cut in it two coats of arms, one a portcullis, the 
other a cockatrice, between them a man in long robes, the Ltg* 
end 60VRXBDa)eV60D6R.» I gave it to S' Hans Sloan. 

I had been for some time at the top of our School at the age 
of 18, 4 had got a relish for learning, 4 the diffienltys being 
eonqurr*d I took a real pleasure there, 4 it was with relncUDoe 
I left it I writing a good hand, my Father took me to his buai- 
neas then, being aboot the UUer end of the year 1700, t«**^«*^^g 
to bring me up to the Law for some time with him, 4 then thai 
I ahouM prepare myself by study for the Gown m Loodoo. He 
gave me great eoooorageoMnt 4 advantages in thai boaiaeaai 4 

W. STUKELEY, 1720. 17 

I had bj Clerks Fees, Bonds & the like got a sam of money. 
But that profession did not at all suit my Genius, For I was 
never without some of my School Books & Classics in my Desk, 
& whenever my Fa'* was oufc of the way I was much more eager 
upon them than my business which upon all occasions went 
heavily thro' my hands, tho he laid all Temptations in my way 
to forward me. I rode about the countiy with him, & was usd 
as his Equal in all Company. He usd to represent to me that if 
I chose to follow the Common Law I might succeed him at Hol- 
bech to great advantage, where all our Belations livd, & the 
whole country at our own Disposal. He hinted to me his inten- 
tions of my marrying an heiress there, of a Family nearly allyd 
to me, who had an estate in the Parish equal to his own. If I 
rather chose to make a figure at the Bar, he doubted not but his 
Interest & Acquaintance could put me forward to advantage, & 
often flattered me that he had ever conceived thoughts of my 
Being a Great Man, which I always wonderd at I always came 
to London with him at the Terms (first in June 1701), but what- 
ever Uttle time I had to spare I generally spent in vieuing the 
buildings, monument, & frequenting Booksellers shop. Going 
thro* Great & Little Stukeley near Huntington in one of our 
Journeys, my Fa'* told me those Towns were the place whence 
our Name & Family came, & where our Ancestors formerly lived. 
Our Country Lawyers in their Travel usd to call them, by way 
of Joke, Adlard & John Stukeley, in allusion to my Uncles & 
Fa"** name. 

My Fa'* took me to the Playhouse with him to see the Yeo- 
man of Kent acted, the first I had been at Another time 1 
went with him to the House by tlie Waterside, since demolisbd, 
in Baldwins Gardens. I went with him to Wolwich to see the 
Boyal Sovereign launchd.' S'* Pauls I took particular delight 
in, & would clamber up the scaffolds & ladders among the work- 
men to observe their arts & Engines. I remember then the 

' I lay witii mj Far. thmt night at Staple Inn, that the prodigiooi great 
wind was which ragd all oTer Bngland, antild half the citj, blew down an infi- 
nite namber of traea, aa we obeennl in oar joom^ home, k the top of Waltham 
OroH^ 8L Bridaa 8tee|de was Jntt then finithd. Uj Far* wakd me WTeral 
in the night, bat I ilept ao loand that I neTer took notice of it— W. 8. 

18 ooMMEirrAmTB. 

ClipoU was open at top, hmng ctmrjd np about aa high aa the 
innernioat Iron Balcoaj. When wa went to Weatm' ioalead of 
b€ftrin^ the Trjala I waa bosr at the Bookaellera aUlla, t gene- 
rmllj filld mj Pocketa home with Booka which he oad to obaerre 
4 chide me for apending mr monejr. I bought M icroacopea, 4 
Burning GUaaeay Pronpect QIaaaea, magnetic compaaaea^ Diala^ 
4 all aorta of that kind of Ware, & waa tpiriblj puzxied to hide 
*em from him 4 conrtj *em down into the coontir. I bought 
aereral Booka of Aatronomr, 4 Anatom j, 4 Phraic, which at all 
leiaare honra I waa continoallr poring upon, 4 drawing achemea 
from *em. In abort my Fa'- found all pretmiling armptoma of 
roj eager Inclinationa to a atudy of a more refined Nature than 
that of the Law. I uad to goe to Lincoln with him at the 
Aaaixea, 4 we waa upon our Joumej thither the Sundaj that 
newacameof K. Williama De«th, (Mar: 1702) But waa more 
delighted in the Cathednd than attending the Judgea, 4 in riew- 
ing the old Monumenta, the Kuina of the Bpa Palace, 4 oU 
Cburchea, 4 Reliquea d* Antiquity in the Town« When at home 
I frequently abaented my aelf to range alone into the wooda to 
gather herba 4 aim|)lea, 4 conceiTd a paasionate Deaire for the 
atody of Phyaic, which I tliought would fully aatiate my Pbtkn 
aophical Qeniua. And at laat my Fa' waa reaolrd to humor the 
Bent of my mind 4 tend me to the University* which 1 eagerly 
df^inl, tlir Virnr of ilirTown Mr. I*im'»»w hnvni** thru T^t#» w^n* 
thcro who bad been my ■cboollelluwa, 4 at Vacationa they had 
fir'd me with fine atorj-a of the way of Living there. My Bit/* 
John who waa next to me in age being at [thia] time able to 
auooeed me aa mr Fa*^ Gierke. 

About then I had an inatance, which I can*t forget, of an 
unaooountable intemml motion, or extraordinary notice of aa 
Brent, whereof I have aince upon aome ocoaaiona obaenrd the 
like. My Bro' and I by together in the aame bed in the blue 
ehamber, 4 for four or five nighta together I waa atrmngely dia- 
tnrbed m my aleep with Dreama of Hobbera, and that oar bouae 

• Ladi tkaa at IW Ualwiity of mn commtrj. Jote k AahroM ftmlov 
Mr. A»4l. rm of Lr^mhmgum (wte dfd pAraon of THibifX Mr. fark of Lai* 
Mf B«tK k Mr. R4»k of ^mMom, Mr. FMof OoiMy. Mf. r^cil of Bo|. 

W. 8TUKELET9 1720. 19 

was broke open, that I constantly awoke in the night rerj much 
frighted & nsd to tell my firo'* of it. 80 far was I alarmd at it 
that before I went to bed I took some pains to bolt & barricade 
the chamber door which I had neyer done before', till one night, 
after as soond a sleep as eyer I had in my life, I was wakend by 
the sermnt maid knocking at the chamber door in the morning 
to tell me the house was broke open. I got up & foond that an 
Lnon bar in the Ghurden window jnst under me was forced out & 
the house had been plunderd. My Fathers Desk in the study 
was broke open & some money taken away, & some peices of 
plate, & the like, which were scatterd about the house, & we 
found that two or 3 horsemen had been in the yard & Garden 
who had committed the Bobbeiy, but we never could find them 
out They took away among other things a fine hunting scy- 
meter tipt with silver, & a knife in it, given me by my Aunt 
Ampleford,' & a silver edgd hat which was the first & only one I 
ever had. We had some notice that one of the Bogues was 
afterward hangd at Peterburgh or Huntington. But it was a 
thing very infrequent in our country, and of which I had no 
reason to have any natural apprehensions of, & made a deeper 
impression upon me. 

In Easter Term 1703 my mother was at London which was 
the last time. She lodgd in a house in Ducks Court, whose 
Ghuden came under our chamber windows in Staple Inn, which 
chambers my Fa'* bought when he first began to practise, & my 
unde had half of them, viz^ those up one pair of stairs on the 
left hand, they were rebuilt 1700, Inner or Garden Court The 
Door was openM thence into Southampton buildings since his 
DeatL That Term my Fa'* was engagd in a great peice of work 
in making writings settling & selling all Mr. Belgraves Estate in 
our country. Mr. Belgrave, Mr. Benj. Saunderson, Mr. Tyrer, 
Coz. Bob. Bullin & his wife, Mr. Hadlcy Coney, & others, being 
purchasers. My Fa'* Mo'* &, I usd to dine together every day at 
Mr. Shepherds, the Crown, over ag^ Staple Inn Gkte in Holbom. 

' Jane Stnkeley married in 16S2 to John Ampleford, who died in 1701, 
the last of a long line. The following inacriplion is on hit monument in Qed* 

"Ultimoi a maiibnt genero ea itixpe ciaitai 

UltimvB airtiqai Koniiils iHe fait** 


Pkrt of that Estate, of w^ I wrote thr writingn, being in Holbech 
ICanhy waa bought bj mj wives fa' WiUiamsoD, A, told bv hta 
•on for £300 w*- was p*- me for my wives fortune. 

I was admitted Pensioner in Corpus Chri^ti, or Bennit Col- 
lege, CambridfT, Not. W), 1703. I was examined by my countnr- 
man old Mr. Beck/ the senior Fellow, A Mr. Waller :* mv Tutor 
was Mr. Thomas Fawceti* recommendcnl bv Mr. Dodson, Bro' to 
my Uncle Dodson, at that time Butler of Kingn Collo;^ I 
went to reside there about Li day following, k kept in the ground 
chamber in Katherin Hall Court, next tlie Walk that leads to the 
Gate, my study was the first corner of the College on tlie right 
hand going from the street to the gate. Mr. John Brand, now 
liTing near Norwich, was my chum k at that time Janitor A 
Chappel Clerk. I was, toon aAer, Scholar of the House A re- 
mored into my Scholarship Chamber, tlie ground room on the 
left band, the first stair case on the right hand of tlie Court 
beyond the comer ; my study tiuit in tlie room, A bed that next 
the file place. I had not been a month in tb<* University before 
I made a map^ of the whole Town. 

I was matricuUted Spring 1704. I staid all that year in 
College, appljnng m^'self to the socu<it4>md «tudys, A constantly 
attending Lectures, tometime twice or thrice s day, A Chsppel 
tbrioe a day, A Marce missed thre<* timc*^ all tlie while I utaid in 
College. My Tutor, A Mr., now Dr., Danny,* atlerwsrds Cluip* 

* Mr. 8«aiMl B«ck ooolribvtad a 10 towmrd* the rrfAiritt; mmI bMaufjtaf 
%k§ wc«t ii4« oi Um oolUfs. 

* John Waller. B.D.. Raoior oi & Beo««lict'i Chwdi. CMihrklfv. froM 
170S to 1707, WM iMtitatod in ITU to the \icMr%^t «>f <trmatrh««C«r. vbick Im 
Wld t4)fHlMr with Um Ractorx oi Utile WilhrmhaiB. CmmK. to the tiB« oi kit 
dmih in 171S. 

* TWm. Fsvoacc* B.D., frcAkWnt oi the CoUccc. sb4 a m<m ssoriUia 
Tator, VM cdscBted si Ab^ Teeiaoo't School. He Mftrtani to the Fields Lm- 
4oa, ADd WM oos oi thorn oootidssmble aehoUn vho vere hnm^ht m ImUmsm 
oi Mr. fiMtlewmjte't (MMC«r oi Ihst hchoot) prAt abilitie* Utt the tntUmcUom 
oi jomMh, R« VM R«:ior oi 8. BeMdiet'a Charch. ComK irom 1707 to 1711. 
Mi WM y to i m i o d lo Um tselofy oi Mo«ik*.Seftfh. taff.. b«t dM fasfoet hs 
lifl IW OaU^ts, sad vm bwt«l in Um cha|>el. 1717 

* Tlds map to in oae oi SUkelcj't rol«B«i oi I>ravinf«. dated 1 70S, la Um 
I I I oi tiM BsT. H. r. 81. ioha, oi DiaiBor« Hoaar. 

* I>r.Daaaj47'ds4^pQCocth Yorhahf. 1730— W.&. rurabrial 

W. 8TUKELBY, 1720. 21 

to the Chancellor of the Universiiy, the Duke of Somerset, 
now Rector of Spofforth in Yorkshirei joind in reading to their 
reepectiye Pupils. The former read to us in Classics, Ethics, 
Logic, Metaphysics, Divinity, & the other in Arithmetic, Algebra, 
Gfeometry, Philosophy, Astronomy, Trigonometry. Mr. Fawoett 
read to us in Tullys offices, the Greek Testament, Maximus 
Tjrrius by Davis, Clerks Logics, Metaphysics, Grotius de jure 
Belli & Pacis, Pufendorf de Officio Nominis & Civis, WUkins 
Natural Religion, Lock of himian Understanding, Tullys Ora- 
tions. Mr. Danny read to us in Wells Arithmetica numerosa & 
speciosa, Pardies (Geometry, Tacquets Geometry by Whiston, 
Harrises use of the Globes, Rohaults Physics by Clark. He read 
to us Glarks 2 Volumes of Sermons at Boyles Lectures, Yare- 
nius G^graphy put out by S'* Isaac Newton, & many other 
occasional peices of Philosophy, & the Sciences subservient 
thereto. These courses we went thro with so much constancy 
that with moderate application we could scarce fail of acquiring 
a good knowledg therein. 

All this while I turnd my mind particularly to the study of 
Physick, & in order thereto began to make a diligent & near inqui- 
sition into Anatomy & Botany, in consort with Hobart, a senior 
Lad of our College who was enterd into that study, & since dead. 
With him I went frequently a simpling, & began to steal dogs 
&, dissect them & all sorts of animak that came in our way. We 
saw too, many Philosophical Experiments in Pneumatic Hydro- 
static Engines & instruments performed at that time by Mr. 
Waller, after parson of Grantchester, where he dyM last year 
beeing professor of chymistry, & the doctrine of Optics & Teles- 
copes & Microscopes, & some Chymical Experiments, with Mr. 
Stephen Hales' then Fellow of the College, now of the Royal 
Society. I contracted acquaintance with all the Lads {& them 
only) in the University that studyd Physic, & Swallow of Pem- 
broke who took his Batchelor of Physics degree while I was 

* I drew oat Mr. Halet^i machine of the planeta motioni which he fint 
projected, tc gave the idea of the horarja. We were meditating to begin 
another bat my fathers death preTcnted it. — W. 8. See Common -place Book, 
jN^ffM. A drawing of the machine ^ inTcnted and executed by Mr. Stephen 
Hales, aboat 1705,'' u given in one of the Volamea of Drawings, in the pot- 
iMdoD of the BcT. H. F. 8t. John. 

ff OOmODfTAftTB. 

therfty A sinoe pnotiied near or at Bp ^Stortford, now dmd ; 
Child of Magdaleo who now prmotuat at LaTeobam Soflblk, 4 
Pany Hnmphryi who both took the aame degree, the lalter now 
lires in North Wales ; Joseph Sparkea, of 8^ Johns, who now 
lives at Peterborgh ; Henry Slebbing, of Katherin HaU, who 
since took Ordert, A has signalisd himself ag^ the Bp. of Bangor ; 
Kitchener of Queens College, since dead ; Dr. Ashenhorsty oofr 
living in Trinity College ; Dr. Addeobrook/ now dead. I was 
acqnsinted with Dr. Craak, since dead, at Bury 8t Edmonds, 
With these I usd to range about once or twice a week the drcom* 
jacent country, & search the Gravel A Chalk pits for fossils. 
Gogmagog hills, the Moors about Cherry Hinton, Grantchesler, 
Trumpington, Madingley Woods, Hill of health, Cbestertoo, 
Barnwell, were the frequent scenes of oar simpling toyl, armed 
with Candleboxes &, Kays eatalogus. We hunted after Butler* 
tij%j dissected frogs, usd to have sett meetings at our chambera, 
to confer about our studys, try Chymical experiments, cut up 
Dogs, Cats, A the like. 

About 1705 Mr. Hales & Mr. Waller gathectl sobscripCioos to 
make the oo\d bath about a mile A a half oat of Town. 

Once Kitchener A I hired horses A rambled to Pottoo A 
Ckmlingay a simpling, where going into the water in a great 
pond near an oU seat very imprudently after dinner I had like 
to have been drowned, having drank pretty freely, it being a 
very hot day.*^ Another time I went to Safron Waldoo, once 
I went with my Chum Johnson, now Fellow of S^ Johns, to 
Ely to visit my Aunt WagstaC Once I went to Pelerbargb, 
where John A Ambrose Pimlow took orders, A I rsComd that 
day. Once by my Fathers order I went to visit my Cos. Ann 
Thompson at Mr. Grayttocks of HiMersham, (Jan : 17(16 )« A 
these were all the times I rode oat from Cambhdg. My Fa'* 
oad to visit me in his journeys to A from London, (July 18, 
1704), A the first time, among other books, he brought me for a 

• ^oksAddMbrook. M.D., fofSOTlj FtUovol C^&kefiM BAO^is 171f tan 
a«000 to foaa4 a Pkjitasl Uoipiul. wydi bj se Ael el r^itati 

U VM | m n d IB 17SS. Mid is pMtly miil hj 

Hm pXmtmim ol SfipliSf vorkd la mj 
bssttfsl tartalj, a tkos dtaai sssHSMsaH^— W. & 

W. 8TUKELET, 1720. 28 

present Qsboms advice to a Son which [he] liked mightily, but 
told me withal that part aboat Love & Marriage did not belong 
to me A I need not be hasty in reading it over, tho It confirmd 
me pretty much in following the advice he had several times 
given me not to think on that state till I was as old as he was 
when he marryd viz^ 30. I had, the last time I was with him 
in Town (Mar. 1703-4), bargaind with Mr. Moxon for a pair of 
GHobeSy & bought of him his book of the use of them, & made my 
Bro/* who was now with my Father, my Deputy privately to pay 
for them, which I reckond a mighty Ornament to my study. 

In Sturbridg Fair time (Sept. 1704} my Fa'- & Mo'- & Mrs. 
Saonderson of Holbech, & my Aunt Anna Bullin, made a journey 
to see me. 

The Correspondence I unavoydably kept up with my Towns- 
men & Countiymen first learnt me to smoak Tobacco, & upon 
Tryal, which was at a visit they all made me in my own chamber, 
I finding it to agree pretty well with me, & the fashionableness 
of it among the Students, induced me to continue the custom, & 
I doe beleive it has been somewhat serviceable to my health 
canying off some of the superfluous humidity of my constitution ; 
for doubtless so plentiful an evacuation by the Salivary glands 
in such habits cannot but be of use, & may prevent or diminish 
several unthought of indispositions. I was the rather incouragd 
to it by the determination of my studys, thinking it useful against 
infection of distempers, & the stink of animals we dissected. I 
had then with me Ambrose Pimlow, now minister at Castle acre 
& Bongham in Norfolk, an Ingenious Lad, for whom I always 
had a great kindness, & there was a great intimacy between us 
& harmony of thought. When I was in the country at my Fa"* 
house he understood I could smoke, & once tolde me, when he 
was taking a Pipe alone at home, that I might bear him com- 
pany, but because he had never asked me before when in other 
Company I refusd, & he never saw me smoak. 

7 Nov'* 1704. My Fa'* sent me word they observd my birth 
day with all my young relations in the country. 

Feb : 1705. The Queen was at Cambridg, came from New- 
market, returned at night, the prince being there. The scholars 
were placed on one side of the way from Emanuel ColL to the 

24 ooMtnafTABTs. 

Regent Walk. A speech made in the Regent bouae. 8be dined 
at Trinitjy Dr. Gowcn** the M' of S^ Johns made a speech to 
her in that College; went to prayers at Kings Cbappel; Dr. 
James*' M'* of Queens made a speech to her at Qoeeos; Dr. 
John Adams'* Prorost of Kings made a speedi to her in the 
Chappell, I was bj, be presented her with a Bible. 8be Knigbt- 
ed S'' Isaac Newton after Dinner at Trinitji t the Vice Chan- 
oellorDr. Ellis of Caius.'' 

I osed to frequent, among the other Lads, the River in sbeeps 
Oreeni Sl learnt to swim in Freshmens t Sophs pools as the}- are 
called, A sometime in Paradice, reckoning it a Beneficial Exercise. 
My Fa' was at Csmbridg July 7, 1705. 

Whilst I was tbns indulging my stndys, k busy in not ignoble 

leisure, I had fully determind my thoughts to the study of I^ysic, 

k felicitated my self upon it, peroeiTing the noisy bar would 

ne%*er have been for my purpose, or consentaneous to my invio« 

oible modesty k want of assurance. I was thro*ly of the opinion 

of the person nsentiond in the Great Poet 


Scirt ponm^tktm Kcrbanim woaK) — d<pdi 

If alait, et maua Afiure ioftoriat unm. 

[JEftekt : Ltb. lii. L SSSl. 

k would often reflect in my nerious retirem**' upon the goodness 
k conduct of Providence in so disposing of me to humor my 
inclinations k give me full scope in satiating my desire of know- 
ledge, I took great dcliglit in going into 8' Johns Gardens 4 
studying there, k in the summer I spent many bours in poring 
more esp(*cially u|ion my Anatomical Authors, so that I had 
mvle mv self Master of the Fabric of the human bodv, in which 
I wan not a little asnitted by my undentanditig the Draughts 4 
Figures, so that I had nearly as good a notion of that Science at 
that time, tbo I had never been at a human dissection, an I have 
now. I judgd I could better argue upon paper, if occasion waa, 
than vi%a voce, and that my tomprr woukl nr%er suit %iith that 
tomultiiOQS manner of reasoning k rugged kind of study. My 

" Emrj JMMt. MmUt. li7S.1717. 
" PwnMt.iriS-lS. 

W. 8TUKELET, 1720. 25 

GenioB is of too tender a make & gentle disposition to admit of 
a foroeable exertion of its self, like a temperate flame that glows 
in tranquility but is extinguished in a violent blast I peroeivd 
I was too nearly of the disposition both of mj Fa^* & Uncle, & 
the rest of the Family I have known, & wanted that Fire which 
I suppose my Ghiandfather had. 

My Tutor Fawcet, being Bursar about this time, and the 
College Lawyer out of the way, he understanding my having 
been sometime Clerk to my Fa'', sett me work to engross some 
College Leases, which I performd so well that he paid me the 
same price that his Attorney was to have. 

I learnt French about this l^me of Mons'* Gkti^, a Refugee 
of that Nation, a person of good Learning & had studyed Physic ; 
A designed to learn Italian for I had thoughts of travelling, 
especially to Rome which place I have ever had the most earnest 
desire of seeing, thinking there is all that can possibly satisfy 
the most curious Enquirer. That City, which hss been the Resi- 
dence of the Greatest (Jenius^s that ever lived, firing my 
Ambition to breath in Italian Air, & could only tempt me to 
undergoe the fatigues & dangers of foreign Expeditions where I 
might behold the Pantheon, the Pillars, the Obelisks, the Gates, 
the Amphitheaters, & all that Art has to boast of Great & Vener- 
able. But my hopes were frustrate, & Imagination alone A 
Prints must supply the want of Real inspection ; & had I gone 
*tis not unlikeley their Painting, Statuary, Music, their sober 
way of living, would have suited so well to my tast & constitu- 
tion that I should have been content to pass my Life there. 
However, in some measure to allay my thiret at leisure hours, I 
drew out a whole paper book of the Antient & Modem Struc- 
tures there, which I have still by me. 

But now I draw near the unhappy interruption of my learned 
Amusements, & the melancholy Catastrophe of my Fathers Life, 
which provd to me a long vacation indeed, amounting in the 
whole to some years, which I unavoydably was obligd to pass in 
regulating the disorders & troubles that then befel me on account 
of the Deaths of so many of my Family which happend in a 
short time, besides the great detriment that ensued to my For- 
tunes which my Fathers longer life in all probability would have 

M commcTAiTs. 

renderd ronoh more oontidartUe, & the pwiUTM 4 dilBcoltjt I 
then underwcDi in to young an Age, A aettling ftoooonta A trma^ 
aoting boaineM to which I wis natormlljr anfitt m well m oneo- 
qtuuntod withall, sate very heavy upon my tpirito, A prodnod 
such a timidity so unnatural to my Temper as I oould never 
recover for many years, till I had eotiiely extricated my self 
with a most unwearied Diligence, A a foroeable resolutioo to 
stem the current of Fortunes Frowns, provide for the eduoalioo 
of my surviving Bn/' A Sister, A \my their portions A my own 
Debts, A sett my self above the meager malice of the world, A 
retrieve my Elstate, A withal put my self into a fair Pro^MCt of 
business A advancing in my Profession, which took up to my 
lasting Orief A detriment many of the best yean of my Life 
when I was fittest for the spur of Ambition, A was most capable 
of pushing my way into the worid with that alacrity A effiBCi the 
moKt to be expected from juvenile blood. But In these distresses 
I still secretly adord the Oreat Providence of the world A his 
wise Dispensations, confiding intirely in his dispositions of me 
which I could not but belei%e were the most happy for me, bat 
at all events requird my most perfect submission A resignation. 
I comforted my self that I was but young A migbt still have 
many happy years in Ileserve that would not fail to make me 
full amends ; that affliction is the best School of life, A the most 
effectual Regulator of the passions of the mind ; that by this 
means I might avoyd many fatal miscarriages, which a better 
Fortune would perhaps have insuard me in, A the Tide of pros* 
perity in youthful Ardors might have ship wrackd me in the boiling 
Ocean of unthinking A unstable affluence, which now with a 
more contracted sail A careful steerage I might escape. Being 
sensible* in my own Person of the Calamitys hanging over human 
Nature, A attendant upon every one in this state, might better 
prepare me for the important Charitys of our Profession A other 
Offices of Life where we can never avoyd concerns with the Ca« 
lamitous A distressed, which gives us a scope to exercise that great 
duty of Philanthropy, the most perfect Imitation of the Divine 
PeHectiona, A rewards us with the pleasure of doing good to 
others, the most eminent perfection of our Nature. 

After I had reaided in College for one intire year, I ns*d to 

W. 8TUKXLET, 1720. 27 

oome into the Goxmtrj now & then after the Terms were over, 
but rust caution did my Father use in permitting me to keep 
Company with my Academical Cotemporarys & Acquaintance 
there, for fear of drinking & contracting ill habits. He would 
take a very sensible pleasqre in setting the Clergymen there, & 
any persona of learning, to examine & discourse with me about 
tbe Studys I had prosecuted in the University, A be highly 
pleased with their approbation of what I could answer upon these 
occasions. He had some years before, now & then, been seized 
with pretty vident fitts of the Gk>ut, which were now much abated. 
Bm once he had a severe illness which I beleive was owing to an 
irreigular paroxysm of that malady, & he really thought he should 
dye. He was never easy without my Company, & when alone 
would be counseling of me in the future conduct of my Life & in 
Family matters, as if it was his last advice, which drew the tears 
finom my eyes, A made me inconsoleable. And still he would fre- 
quently insist upon his former declarations how much he verily 
beleivd I should live to be a considerable Han, & an ornament to 
his Family, which I could scarce take any otherwise than a Deli- 
rium, owing to his Illness ; not being able to conceive any thing in 
my self that should promise so favorable a Prognostic, beyond his 
excessive Love of me, & that I being his eldest must of necessity 
have the principal Concern upon my hands, of looking after his 
posthumous affaira. 

Li the last year (1705^ of his Life my Mother was brought 
to bed of a sister which was her last, & he sent for me down in 
Company with Mr. Bichard Dodson, the Butler of kings College, 
ag'- the Christning. Li the latter end of the year the child dyd. 

May 1705 my Fa'* usd for the first time the handsome somer- 
hoQse he had built in his Ghurden, a good peice of woric, where 
he was very merry with the Qossips, & the last time I ever 
was merry in his company. 

At Christmas he made his Will, which he had never done 
before, t invited Mr. Fimlow the Minister to sup with him that 
he might wittness his sealing it 

July 1705, 1 was to have oome down w^ my Fa'* to Hoi- 
beeh as he came from London, but my Aunt Stokeleys Coaoh 


ooming tbenoe I went home in it A. Ainplefbrd gave me a 
guinea then. 

This winter 1705 I went to Cbjmical Lectojm w^ 8. Vigam. 

The beginnin*; of Nor. 1705 I went to College again. 

On Satorday morning Feb: 9, 1705-6 my Fa'* called oo 
me at Cambrid^ in hiii last Joomej to London. He aeot tat 
me to break fajit with him at tiie black bear, mr Bro'* John with 
him, & teemM, aji I took particular noticei mighty chearful A 
gay when I took my last k nerer to be rorp)tten farewelL 

He had junt bt'fore hurt his left thumb, I sup|)ote againat the 
•addle upon his hornets stumblin;; or the like accident, which waa 
some |Mun to him, ii in his last Lettrr he wrot4* to my Mother al 
Holbech he telU he had that night been in Company with the 
Mr. Whichcot k BIr. Bertie, Knights for the Shire, who treated 
him k some more Qent. with Burton Ale, k that he was the first 
that broke up company, but was then in perfect health, yet usee 
that remarkable exprension that his thumb still pained him 4 be 
beleiTed would never be right again. A day or two after, he 
was siered with a violent pleurisie k sent for Dr. Wright, k Mr. 
Wood an Apothecary near Staples Inn, he was blooded k blia- 
terd k followed the Drs. orders, removing out of his own bed^ 
which joyned upon tlie Wall, into my Uncles being more oonTe^ 
nient for dressing his blisters, during which operation he expird 
in i^erfect mind after 2 or 3 dsys sickness. He was of a grots 
habit of body, k pretty fat k full of blood, k the distemper en* 
ereasd upon him very suddenly k soon det^Tmind his Fate, which 
surprixd all the work! of his acquaintance who lost a Friend to 
him. That very day that I expected him down at Oambridg, 
upon hit Iletum home, I was with Dr. Pluniptre, then Fellow 
of Queeoa, who at my Tutors ref|ucst was giving me diredioiia 
in the study of Physick, k a Meseenger at 1 1 came to me to tell 
me my Father wss dead, for my Uncle had immediately dispatcbd 
Ben. Smith, then a Porter at Sta|>ies Inn, with my Fathers two 
horses to carry the melancholy Nt*wi» to my Mo'* k leave o«e of 
the horses for me to come up to Town. It can't be imagind, mot 
[will] I relate, the strange shock so unexpected a message gave 
ne, k for a minute or two I was as it wen* out of myselfy bat 
yet the refiectioo of the great Pkrt 1 most bear in this 

W. STUKELRT, 1720. 29 

diiuury scene of mj Family arm*d me with that necessary Mag- 
nanimity that I recalld my mind, & that minnte took horse for 
London, meditating all the way npon so sudden an Event, & 
considering within myself what notices I might have had, or 
secret Intelligence, to forewarn me of so touching an Accident, 
bat upon the strictest reflection nothing occurd to me that I could 
imagine portended this great Change in my Fathers & my own 
Life, which I admird, when considering that I had observd some- 
what unusual of that sort upon trivial acc^ before. And after- 
wards, upon enquiry of the precise time of his Expiring, I 
recollected what I was doing at that instant, it being about 12 
or 1 oclock of the day. Feb. 28. 1705-6 thursday. I found I 
was simpling at that time, near the Bowling green house in the 
fields not far from Newnham, the most thoughtless & serene of 
any part of my Life. When I came to Staple Inn, where I found 
my Bro'' afler a little while, I went into the Chamber where my 
Father dyd, & finding him lying in his Coffin upon the Ground 
I fisU into a most violent Agony of tears & grief, out of which I 
could not retrieve my self till my Uncle came & joynd in the 
melandioly consort My Mother sent me immediate Orders to 
bring his Corps down to be buryed at Holbech, cost what it 
would ; & I took care to send for Mr. Turin the Painter, who 
was to have drawn his & my Mo*** pictures that summer, to take 
the best resemblance he could at that time. My mother had 
been strangly disturbd with frightful Dreams for some time, & 
ezpressd her concern for my Fa*** health several times to the 
Family, & when the Messenger came into the house, tho* she had 
never seen him before, as she met him in the room before she 
got down stairs cryd out with great vehemence Mr. StukeUy it 
dtauL Mr. Rix & all the Neighbors who bad leam^t the Fatal 
News came rushing into the house that instant, k could scarce 
recover her from the swoon, k the whole Town was in an 
Uproar, k People ran about the Streets as if they had been dis- 
tracted, & in a minute the whole Country was acquainted with 
it, k nothing but Lamentation k Condoleance was heard from all 
Quarters. We brought the body down in a hearse, k everybody 
wonderd at its looking so fresh k comely after so long a time 
before we conunitted it to the Oround in the burying Place of 

M ooimarrAfttt. 

tlM Familjr in the North Ea«t Ue of Holbeeh Chordi, where all 
hit Anoetton of his Name (exoq>i hit Fathflr) who had UtwI in 
the Coontrj, 4 the Fletea, had been intent for tome Ce ulmja . 
We made a Tery handaom burying for hinii & the Expeoee of aU 
together oouM not be under £100. 

Mj Fa'- was bat 49 years old when he dyd, A had often aaid be 
aboold be content with the time allotted to mjr Orandfa'* whiek 
bat a few months abore 5S. No Oentieman in the Oomitrj 
erer more oniTenallj bewailed 4 regretted. ETerj peraoo 
I met, of what rank soever, took pleasure in joining with me ia 
the senoe of his loss, 4 recounting the favors he had done isr 
theUi 4 their dii^iair of ever meeting another Friend like htm 
in the profession, 4 they have since foond their prognoatie tnMu 
I beleive if he had any thoughts of his death dming his Illaesai 
he had the least fear of it of any body near him, 4 se emd only 
to desire to see me before his last minate, for he had aeot my 
Br/' down an hoar or two before to fetch me op, 4 be was oo 
the Road when the Messinger overtook him 4 sent him baek. 
He had great personal Coonige, 4 when a jroong Man never de» 
eiind fighting on a jast oceasion. He ran a Oeatlemaa thro* the 
Hand that was a Bro'* Prsetitiocier in the Coontry upon a Duel ; 
but naturally of a very friendly temper, 4 indostrioos to co mp ose 
difference b e t ween Acquaintance. My Uncle Stokeley, who was 
10 jrear older 4 bat weakly, coald never reeover himself after. 
When my Fa'* was dead be ran about the Inn tearing hie hair, 
wringing his hand«, 4, as soon as we left the town with his 
Uorpse, fell into bis Ust Illness, 4 dyd that day three weeks ia 
the same bed. My Aont went op to liondon 4 depoaiisd hia im 
the VaoH ander 8^ Andrews Charoh. 

I stayd for some time in the CSooatry to rectify my Co»* 
cerns, bot my Mo**,^ being a wetnaa of grsat senoe 4 d s jit s ni i 
in Managing basiness, took the Care npoo her self 4 ssot me 
again lo College to keep my Term 4 piiivae my stodys (May 
1706> I eaoM down again in the Bmnssr (Jane 170<) 4 the 
BmaD pos being prevalent in the Oooatry I was aaiMl with il| 

W. STUKXLET, 1720. SI 

maoh to mj joy & satisfaction^ for I bad often expressd mj de- 
sire of having the distemper, considering the Profession I had 
undertaken, & it being the distinct sort I happily recorerd, tho' 
I was pretty ftill. My Mo^* took great pains to remove all my 
books & prevent my reading, for fear of prejudicing my Eyes. 
80 I got some box wood, & cutt a pretty little sceleton out of it, 
about 6 inches long, where every bone was very distinct in situ 
A forma. I gave it afterwards in a Case to Mr. Breakneck, my 
Apothecary at Holbech, & it is now in his shop. My Bro'* John 
oonstantly attended me during the Illness & never catohd the 
Infection, but of the rest of us, the younger ones whom my Mo'* 
would never suffer to come near me, first, my Bro'* fell ill of it 
(the distinct), & then my sister Frances (of the confluent) & both 
recoverd ; next, my youngest Bro'* Robert was seizd with them 
in a violent manner with purple spots & bloody Urine, & the 
Manservant James Saunders in the same case, & both dyed. 

Dr. Thomlinson now came into the Country, & fixd to practise 
at Spalding, a person of good reading, a ready wit & elocution, 
he had a great kindness for me, & I usd to be often in his com- 
pany. Dr. Massey too, about this time, came to practise at 
Wisbech, he was brought up at Oxford ; beside all other qualifi- 
cations suitable to his Profession, he had a good manner of Draw- 
ing. With these two I spent a good deal of my time in the 
Countiy, make journeys on purpose to stay with them a day or 
two at a time, which my Mo'* was not averse to, judging it no 
small improvement to me in my Studys to be in their Company. 

At that time I sett myself to work in dissecting Dogs, & Heiv 
ons, & all sorts of Animals that came in my Way.'* We had an 
old Oat in the bouse, which had been a great Favorite of my 
Fathers A the whole Familys, & by my Mothers leave I rid her 
of the infirmitjrs of age, & made a handsom sceleton of her bones, 
which I canyd to Cambridg with me the next Journey thither, 
k after I had taken my Degree & was leaving the University I 
buryed her in a high walk'^ by the sideof the Lane leading firom 

^ Now I met with that odd ooificstioii in the sheep which I have since 
Ctfea to Dr. Meed.— W. 8. 

" PMiof thefoitificstioiisniedbjO. Cramwell in the besiBBlng of the 
ciYU wan*— W. 8. 

the Spittle boose Conduit k the bridge in tbe roed to Qogmmgog 
bilU, where I uad frequeotly to walk. I likewise loeletonied 
•ererml difierent sorts of birds, Sl made air pomps t 20 inreotioos 
to trj mecbmnical k philosophicml experioieiits I bad learnt in 
my Academical Lectores. 

I went to London Automn following to lettle mj Fa"** coo- 
cems tbere, k went to s<*e Coorses of Anatomy with Mr. George 
Boif wbo lired tben in Cbancerj Lane over ag^ tbe Oardens of 
Linoolns Inn, k Dr. Swallow. I was in London Dec'* 1 706. In 
Nor', mj Bro' Jo. was with me in Town. I went in tbe itage 
Coach (Jan. 1706-7) to Cambridg. I learnt tben to fence of 
Mr. Conmer at Ixmdoni k became a considerable Proficient at 
it I livd at that time in my Fa"** Chambers Staple Inn« I saw 
tbe Colors carryd in processional Triompbi with tbe D. of Marl- 
boroogh, to be bung up in Goild Hall. I saw too tbe Pomp of 
tbe Queen going to Westm' to sing Te Deom for one of oor 
great Victorys. At this time, I think, the great arch of boards 
wss made to turn tbe Cupola^ of St Pauls 4 I was at top of it 

My Mo'* pot out my Bro'* John lo serve his clerkship thro* 
with Mr. CUrk of St Kes k gave £100 with him (p' money 
Feb. 1706-7) proposing he should fix to practise at Holbeefa as 
my Far*^ soccesnori k with tha* view earnestly persuaded my 
Fa'* when be msde his Will to leave him tbe bouie he lived in, 4 
tbe Estate under it, but be would not consent to dismember it 
from my patrimony. 

About this time I began to conceive a passionate Lore for 
Anti<)aitys, 4 because I ssw my Affairs would not indulge in 
foreign sfiecuUtions of that tort, I tomd my tbooghts for a letsora 
Amusement to those of my own GHintry. I fn*<]uenUy took a 
walk to sigh over tbe Roins of Barnwell Abby, 4 made a Draogbt 
of it, 4 usd to cott pieces of tbe Ew trees there into Tobacco 
Stoppers, lamenting tbe Destruction of so noble monuments of 
tbe Piety 4 Magnificence of our Ancrators. Architecture was 
ever a fiiTorite Diverstcm to me, 4 I ooold sit an boor or two 
together in the Anticbap|iel of Kings Colkige viewing 4 cooteoi- 
plating tbe building, 4 made a draught of a longitodinal seotioo 

» A itstsii, 4ais< I70S, >• la sat olliis feis> sl <mwli^^ la ths 
silks Bsf. M. r. at Jeka. 

W. STUKBLETy 1720. 33 

of it. I made some prospects of the Town of Cambridge one from 
the Castle Hill which was a very odd view. I drew out our own 
College, naj the very Bathing places in the River could not 
escape me, nor Gk>gmagog hills, most of which the Lads & Fellow 
ooDomoners of mj Acquaintance begd of me. In mj journeys 
home ward to Holbech I took out the famous inscription of 
Ovinus,' now on a stone tumd to a horsing block at the 3 kings 
aldioose in Hadenham, the most ancient religious inscription in 

This winter 1705 I went again to Chymical Lectures with 
Seignor Yigani at his Laboratory in Queen's College. I took 
down all his Readings in Writing, & have them in a Book with 
Drawings of his manner of building Furnaces of Dry Bricks with- 
out Lron or Mortar, & his manner of regulating the Fire to any 
degree of heat. 

At this time my Tutor gave me a Room in the College to dis- 
sect in, & practise Chymical Experiments, which had a very 
strange appearance with my Furniture in it, the wall was gene- 
rally hung round with Guts, stomachs, bladders, preparations of 
parts A drawings. I had sand furnaces, Calots, Glasses, & all 
sorts of Chymical Implements. I then tryd a good experiment 
of blowing up the lungs thro a heated gun barrel for a day 
together, a pair of bellows being tyd to the wind pipe, & a pan 
of charcoal under the barrel, so that the lungs being thro'ly dry 
I ponrd into them melted lead which filld up all their ramifications 
like the branches of a tree, then rotting the substance of them 
with water I had the finest animal plant that ever was seen which 
was mightily admired, but I pulld it all to bits to give away little 
portions of it among my acquaintance. Here I & my Associats 
ofien dind upon the same table as our dogs lay upon. I often 
prepard the pulvis fiilminans & sometime surprizd the whole Col- 
lege with a sudden explosion. I cur'd a lad once of an ague 
with it by a fright 

* A iketdi of the stone U in one of hii Yolnmet of Drawings, in tlie pos- 
sesrioo of the Bev. H. F. St John. The inscription is luosm tuam ovdto ua 
VKVB n BBQUniC. AMKH. Stokdej adds this note : ^'This Inscription I took 
in the jeer 17<^, at Hadenham, when 1 saw it in company with Mr. Bog. Gale. 
Oviaas is St Owen, the house Steward of St Andzy. He dy'd at 8t Chads, 



Aboai thii tinM there happeod e total Edipee of the moon 
which I late op most pert of the night to obeenre. 

II jr Mother hid enjojrd but e week ttete of health eome time 
before mj Fathere Death, but reoeird each a shook in hia kMa 
that, with Orief k the fatiguee of butineae, the was now fallen in 
a dangerous Sickness, k which provd her last So that earlr in 
the Spring of this year 1707 she sent for me down k I peroetnl 
her Tisibly decline ererjr day. Dr. Barker of Ljmn attended her 
but without any hopes of Ileoorery. Her Spirits were entirely 
depressd, k an hjrsteric cholic led on the Fstal Tragedy so fast 
that no Remedys couM stem it, yet to the last she showed a more 
than Feminine Magnanimity, k would give directions in all boai- 
ness that occurd with great stedyness of Mind, 4 comforted her- 
self that I was of years able to supply her pUce 4 presenre the 
Family 4 Estate from Ruin, but one thing which is remarkable 
gare her grtmi uneasiness, k she was always telling it to aU her 
Visitors, that she was perfectly assured some one of her ehildrm 
would soon follow her to the Orare, 4 all her Drsams, which she 
thought portended Death, were Double as she expressd it And 
at that time, what with gretf 4 the weight of such Melancholy 
Scenes, I was very much indisposd myself My Bro'* John was 
sent for from S** Ires to attend her last minutes, 4 she orderd ua 
to be calld up together sereral nights in the return of her par« 
oxysms when she thought her self expiring, 4 was particularly 
inquisttiTO about my health, dreading I was destind to aooomp> 
any her, which she thought would bring our Aflisirs into an irre* 
ooTerable Disorder. 

On the 8^ July 1707 she expird about IS ackMrk at Nooo. 
I being then upon the bed in the Room of my Nativity. My 
Bro' John, about that instant coming out of the Garden, in the 
Passage saw, as he thought, coming down the grsai stairs, socne 
body aU in white which he imagind some of the women atteodia|( 
on my Mother, 4 looking upon *em to enquire afW her saw the 
appeareance instantly vanish, which affrighted him prodigiously, 
ao that in the Hall Mr. Breaknock the Apothecary net [him] in 
the greatest disonler possible, insomuch that for some time be 
eoohi not speak, bat at length rsoovering himself ho told htoi 
wkilbe had seen, 4 they both eame op stairs la 

W. STUKBLET, 1720. 35 

iL I ohided him severely for entertaining such a fancy as 
I imagind it, & strictly chargd 'em both to say nothing of it, 
least the Country should raise a story of my Mothers apparition 
or the like, & he neyer mentiond it again, but his own Fate so 
aeon following made me think there might possibly be such a 
thing as an admonition firom some higher Power of his approach- 
ing Dissolution ; & this is the only Accident of this sort that 
erer I knew or heard of in our Family. The yerity of which, as 
I rdate it, is incontestable, & what Mr. Breaknodc, now living 
at Holbech, can sufficiently evidence. We buryed my mother in 
a plain Wooden Coffin according to her express order, & without 
any pomp, by my Fathers left side ; the Child that last dyd lying 
at their head, & my youngest sister that dyd just before my Father 
at their right hand, the other children that had been buryed be- 
fore at their Feet, along our seat in the Church. Having per- 
fbrmd their obsequies I kept house till Michmas following,' but 
my Illness inoreasd upon me so that the whole Country gave me 
over for gone ; but I considerd much in my self that tho' I was 
not afiraid of Death, which I can safely affirm never affected me 
in all my Life, yet then was the only time It would be unseason- 
able, & would often tell my Friends, who acquainted me with the 
discourse of our Neighbors, that they should be oonvincd of that 
Mistake, for that I was resolvd to live, A by Dr. Nuttons care, 
who had been my Physician from my Youth, I perfectly recoverd 
after some time. 

My Bn/' John, upon his return to his Master at 8^ Ives, was 
seized with a violent bloody flux & fever, A could not be easy 
without my seeing him, & to gratify him, ill as I was my self, I 

* Uj Aimt, Anna Bnllen, staying with me as my Hootekeeper. She wai 
a Toy haadflom woman, marxyd aomt yean after to Mr. 8am. King, who came 
to live at Holbech * practiae the Law after Mr. Topham dyd. She bnryd him, 
k afterwards marxyd again in London, hot dyd noon after Se waa brought down 
hj her partieolar rtqaott to be boryed near my Mor. in Holbech eh. At this 
time I came aoqoainted with Mr. Locae of Holywell, near Onildtboroogh, 
Hoithtonshire, who was down in the ooontzy with his eldest liater whom I 
•hall speak of hereafter. In a joomey to Tiait them abont this time I went to 
Oeadle, k, Thnqseton, k Wellinboroogh, k Northton, where I took a drawing of 
QaetBS Gross the flnt in my TraTcUing book. I jnst then began to draw with 
iDdiaa Inkw— W. & 


took a journey thither bat wm hood forod to oome borne •gAin 4 
became worse than before. I left him to the care of Dr. Craak of 
Cambridge A he mended a little, bat his Distemper retomd 4 
carnrd him off Au^. 7. 1707, in the 18th year of his age^ •boot 
8 at night, a shaq) lad of good parts Sl Tiracitj A good dispo- 
sition, most like my Grandfather whose name be bore, jet ntfwer 
afrt*ct4Hi learning, having only enough for his profeasioo, tbo be 
went to school as long aji I did, but ne%*er gave into a liking of 
Scholastic Confinement, k consequently made no rast improTe- 
ment in it, the* he wanted no ca|>acity for any thing. Bat his 
Genius was more for action, k he was a great artist at shooting, 
coursing, k sll Country Exercises, k expressd great eameslaeaa 
k pleasure in the thoughts of lining in my Fathers boose at Hoi- 
becb. He was an admirable Clerk k would (bad he linl), [bare] 
been without question noUble in his profession. I found among 
his Tapers a Drawing he had maile of the Ground plot of our 
House k the adjacent pastures, well enough done by bis memorT, 
k the alterations in the Wslks, Gardens, Fishponds, ke. which I 
conceive he denignd Uy make had Fate given him a longer ierm^ 
for he had the comon family tante for rural Improvemeota 4 

I could not possibly attend his funeral, k so sent orders to 
burr him there in the (^burch, in nome measure cooteot that it 
was not far from the old habitation of our Family, k their origi- 
nal neat, Great Stukeley. So he was interrd in the North lale^ 
just at the entrance that goes into the Quire. 

U{>on this Mr. Staunton, Schoolmaster of Moulton, where 
my only Bro' Adiard was now at School, k where my UocU 
A«ilanl Stukel«*y had fonnrrly been a Sc^bolar, usd to say in com- 
|iany that hi« Boy wa^ sun* of the Kstate. But I thought Death 
had made sufficient Itavage in the Family at that time, I having 
lost my Father, Mother, two Bro*^, k Sifter, beside my Dode, 
in less than two years time, that I was, as I then expresad it, 
reaolvd to Live k deceive them all, k perfectly reeorerd. 

My Mother was 39 years old at her death. She was boni 
at Skidbrook, in the Marsh Country of Linooloahire, near Loath, 
whereabouts my Grandfather BuUin had hved before he oaoM 
into HoUand. Her Mothers Namei k his First wife, was f nftaa 

W. STUKELE7, 1720. 87 

The famOj of Loftes Btill about Lonth in good cirenmstances. 
She was my Fathers Widow 16 months, with whom she had 
lived in the most perfect Conjugal Affection & mutual happiness 
almost 20 years. I heard her say that a little before he djd, re- 
flecting upon the time of their Marriage, they should have been 
content to compound with heaven had they been at first assured 
of living so long together. When he first marryed he often usd 
to wish that he might have as many Sons, & of the same Names, 
as all his Ancestors that had lived at Holbech before him, & it 
was entirely fulfilld, he leaving just so many alive, (besides those 
that dyd young,) & one Daughter of my Mothers Name Frances. 
My Mother* was a Woman that I could not say enough of were 
she no Relation. In person reasonably tall, & very well shapd, 
of a good Complexion & color, her hair davkish. She was reck- 
ond as Comely a Woman as any in the Country, of an admirable 
Witt & Understanding beyond far the greatest number of her 
sex, of a fine soft voice, decent carriage & sober deportment, very 
ready & agreeable in Discourse, Gentile in her Dress, exceeding 
good humor, courteous, of a very mercifull & charitable disposi- 
tion, adord by all of her own sex, & lovely in every bodys eye, 
happy in everybodys good word. She ynroie a fair large hand, 
& spelt better than the Generality of women, read with a very 
good Grace,.& nothing of business or Learning that she attempted 
but she could be perfect in it She could manage business 
with vast dexterity in any kind, a G^od Arithmetician, & quick 
in all sorts of accounts. For her houswifery in the Country 
way, & Domestic JSconomy, exceeded by none; bountiftd & 
kind to her servants, dependants, & the needy ; of an exact Regu- 
larity in her manners & converse ; very constant in Devotion & 
Saenments ; of a merciful & humble Disposition, yet equal to 
every part of the Character of a Gentlewoman ; a most affec- 
tionate wife, & met with a reciprocal return of Love ; tender to 
her children, & willing to Sacrifice her life for their good. The 
frequency of child bearing reducd her strength & health very 
eariy : yet the Greatness of her Soul, & Firmness of Mind, was 
never much cast down by any affliction. She often felicitated 

* Mj Mor. was at London in 16S8, the great froet yesr, at Mn. Tander* 
ipnftii Watling Stveet, a corner heote hj Iiondon stone.— W. 8, 

88 oomcnTAETa. 

her Mif & tbankd ProTideDoa thmi nooe of ber c^iUreo wera de» 
formd or defective in their Members or Intellects. She deli^ed 
ber idf in Oardeninp, & was moch pleased in s Stone Btaloe 
I made of a Cupid, the Summer afler mr Fa'* dyd which thm 
intended to sett in the middle of ber Flower Farterr. 

At MichAas 1707 I sold all the Houshold Goods, A iett the 
houAe to Mr. Topham who came there to practise the Law. I 
put my Sister out to board with Mr. Rix one of roj chief TeoasU 
in Octob. All the monej I could raise by sale of Goods, k mj 
Flate, at Sturbridg Fair, whidi my Fa' gave me in his Will par- 
ticularly, went to pay several large sums of money my Fa'* waa 
unfortunately bound for with my Uncle, whidi was a vast ioooo- 
renience to me at that time &, crampt me to a great degree, tha 
Creditora being importunate for their Debts, which amounted to 
about £40(1. My Mo'* had likewise paid a great deal in ber li£i 
time for my Fa"** debts, &, for putting my Bro'* out Clerk. I 
paid too by degrees all the remainder, which was a very gre«t sua 
in the whole, &, clieckd all my ambitious flights, so that what with 
tbem, t my Bro*** &, Sistera fortunes, I paid near as much aa 
my Fa*** flslate was wortL He dying suddenly in great Coo* 
cems of business left his aflfaire in disorder. He had taken up a 
great deal of money for carrying on his buiMings, A moat part 
of his debts I was cheated of thro* my own uni'ki I fulness in sock 
aflfaira &, my avocations to follow my stodys which I was reaolvd 
not to neglect at all events, tho* exfjensive. I had no way to 
extricate my self thro* these difficultys but patience A frugali^^ 
as for marrying I was fully determind against that, but propoad 
to raise my Fortunes (if it should be my luck) by my Profcaaioo^ 
& as finiily resolvd fully to satisfy all my Fathera debts tho* I 
might by Law have wipd many of them ofll Yet I thoogbi 
oomon principlea of honesty k Respect to my Fa"** Memofj 
would not permit it. 

I being still under age, chose for my Guardian, pro forma, 
my Cos. John Bemey of Lynn, a very hocest k worthy GeBl, 4 
who was very aaaiatant to me ; A patting all my a&ira ta the 
beat poatnre I could, I went again in the Aotomn to Caabridg, 
being now four yeara standing, k a Soph according to the Ac»» 
deoue Fhraae, who think thameelTsa do omu fcUuii 4 

W. STUKBLEY, 1720. 39 

Urge antoriiy over the Inferior Lads. When I came to Cam- 
bridg I found Mr. Bolf dissecting there, & he was dedard Pro- 
fessor of Anatomy in the University. He was very curious too 
in the knowledge of Botanies. Mr. Step. Hales, & he & I, & 
Mr. Sherwin, Fellow of Christs, & several more of us, usd to goe 
a simpling together. I had drawn a Map of the County of Cam- 
Inridg to put into Rays Catalogus which I carryd about with me. 
Tbey put me upon dressing up a new Edition of that famous 
Bartorer of Botany among us, whereto should have been prefixd 
a Map, & they would procure the large Additions to the work of 
plants observd there since his time, but my short stay there pre- 
vented any such thoughts being put in execution. Now all the 
Scholars of my year took their Batchelor of Arts degrees, & for 
the most part dispersd, & few of them have I since seen. I con- 
to be present at Seignior Vigani's Chymical Lectures, & 
time went thro' a Course of Materia Medica with him. I 
a particular Favorite of his, & often visited him & receivd 
his Visits again. My Acquaintance was now much lessnd in 
CoUege so that I tumd the stream still more difiusively among 
those of my own Line. I visited the Apothecarys shop to make 
my self perfect in the knowledge of Drugs, & Officinal Compo- 
sitions & exercisd a little Gratis Practise among the poor people 
that depended upon the College, & such lads as would trust them- 
sdves to my Care. I prescribd often to one Smith, who was our 
Joyner, & the Fellow in gratitude promisd me his body to dissect 
when he dyd, which happening next Spring when I was out of 
College he expressd much concern that I could not have the 
benefit of his Promise. 

In my own Elaboratory I made large quantitys of sal vola- 
tfle oleosum, Tinotura Metallorum, Elixir Proprietatis, & such 
matters as would serve to put into our Drink. I usd to distribute 
it with a plentiftil hand to my Tutors Fawcet & Danny, to Mr. 
Kidman^ who was their Tutor, then Senior Fellow & President, 

* Charles Kidman, B.D^ became fellow of Oorpne in 16S6, and a celebrated 
T^rtor. He was for many yean Preaident of the OoUege, and one of the earlieat, 
if not the fint, to introdaoe ** Locke*a Bsnj on Hnman Underatanding ** into 
the Univerri^, instead of the old Logic prerionalj need. Chaplain to Dr. 
T«iBQQ when Bp. of linooln in 1691, but aa a damonr waa raiaed against him 


to Mr. WilliamnY k Baoon acqaainUnco of my Tuton tiDce dead 
(the two last), & to any of tho I^adt I kept Company withal. At 
this time Dr. Bentley made a New Chymical Laboratory at Trinity 
College, & Seign'* Vi^ni directed it, & was chosen Profeaaor 
of (liymistr)' by the University, & was the first I usd to rtait 
Dr. Ashenhurst of Trinity, who kept in the C*hambers that had 
been 8'- Isaac* Newtons. I took particular pleasore in being 
there wlierc he coni(M>sd his Immortal Principia, liaving a pro- 
digious veneration for my Illujitrious ( ountryman. lie was bom 
at Coulstcnu'orth/ near Grantham, in Licolnshire, where he has 
now an EHtate, &, M^vrral of his Name & Family i^till remaining. 
Mr. Stebbing of ( atherin Hall, (now Dr. SteUiing,) & I were 
very intimate Si tryd several Experiments together, as particu- 
larly that of eva|>orating human urine, according to BeUinia 

Tliis ChriMmas I,di'signing to take my Batchelor of Physics 
Degree m*xt year, tlirew off my ragged Sophs Gown, with 
relations of which I had oflen diverted mr Mo' in the (ountnr, 
k comniencd Harr\- Soph as its there styled, k took the habit 
accorriingly. I likrwiM* continued to (lerfect my knowledge of 
the French Lan;n)a;;o with my old Master Geti^re, 

Mr. Oliver,* Fellow of our ( ollege, having a friend of hia, 
(John Bagford,) at work to publish somt'thing of the history of 
Printing, wanted a I>rawing out of an old book in our MS. Lib- 
rary so famouji for a fine ( olhvtion of such things. It was a 

OQ srcoQot of hit I«*tituttinari»n Pnncipln. and of a temoo prsscbtd bclori 
lb« rnivervitj on " TriTatr Jod^m^nt in Matter* of Relifion.'* ht wm aol 
rcCai»««l aa Chaplain by tht Dp oo hu promocioa io Cmmterbmrj. hmii vi» pvs* 
aeottfd hy him in 17<t6 ti» ihr Hertr^rj of hliaUd. Eaacs. AfUrwarda he bsrsBM 
Hector of Banham. N'urfolk. and of Thwait. ^affl>lk. Tbc former he rsai|rnsd 
in favour of ht* nephew in 173V the latter h# held io the time of hia death ia 
1740. Bancd in the chvrrhjard of Ihm.^MmsUr't iiui. tf Chr^ . p^ aTT. 

• f^ iMac N oaly rhiM of laaar N k Hannah dao' o# James kymeim^ 
td Market Overtoo. w«t bom I»rc. M. IS«}. at Woolethorpe. and vma hapHMd 
in the Charch uf he John lUpCiet, 1 oU&crworth. oo let JaaJ 1441-1. 

• Idvvd OUvcr. BD. hccame Bmot oI flc Mary Ahctereh wllh 8L 
LavTVMt rMBtaey. U»d. la 1711. died 1731 k% SMwcr to «m el his 
•ermooe vm vntiea by a di«eeaiter. sad was eatltled * k Bowlaad for aa 
OUvar, or a sharp Behske t? a aswcj Unit, hf a Loe«ff ol Caity." pahUahad 
la !«•. 

W. STUKELETy 1720. 41 

leaf oat of the oldest printed wooden Cuts in the world, as is 
sopposd, being the history of our Saviors life with parallel places, 
St stoiys oat of the old Testament typical thereof. I drew one 
of th«n oat & it was cat in wood, he gave me one of the im- 
pressions, & Dr. Clarks Two Volumes of Sermons at Mr. Boyles 
Lectores for my pains, & the dutch Edition of Grotius de Jure 
natoTB & Gentium. 

Mr. Stephen Ghmy, of Canterbury, was now in our Uni- 
▼ernty as an Assistant to Mr. Cotes, Professor of Astronomy, 
for whom they built the Observatory in Trinity College, a very 
ingenious Man, well versd in Philosophy, Astronomy, Optics, 
Mechanics Ac., Uncle to Mr. John Qnj'' of our College, my 
Junior, who studyd Physick, a lad of very good parts & Industry, 
with whom I was particularly acquainted, since'took his Batche- 
lor of Physics Degree, & now practises at Canterbury his Native 
Country. We three usd to smoak many a late pipe together, & 
try Various Experiments in Philosophy. Since then Mr. Stephen 
lived with Dr. Desaguliers,* & assistcKl him in his lectures, as in 
hia E^)eriments before the Boyal Society. Now he lives in the 
Charter house as one of the Gentleman Pensioners there. He 
invented the Water Microscope mentiond in the Philosophic tran- 
sactions ; one whereof I made myself about this time. 

Jan: following 1707-8 I went down to Holbech, & lodgd 
at my own house with Mr. Topham. Ashwensday 1708 we dia- 
seeted old Hoyes. Mr. Sam. Craven, half bro'* to Mr. Smith, 
the School M'* there, & his Deputy, who was at that time of S^ 
Jcdms Coll^ne, was my chief Companion* We usd to talk in 
Latin lo one another the better to prepare us for keeping our 
exercise at taking our Degrees. Here I resided all the Summer 
tiD Nov'* 1708. He & I usd to goe a simpling together very 
finqoently all the Country over. 

* Jobn Onj, H.D^ aon of HatthiM Qnj, Aldeman of. Cantertraiy ; 
■dmittad into Oorpua CoU. in 1706 ; M.B. in 1711 ; H.D. ]781. He practiaed 
at OiatartNuy with great aoooeM, and died there in 1787, aged 49. 

* Jean Theophile Deaagolieia, bora at BocheUe, 1S88 ; died 1749. He 
came to Lcmdon with hia father on the reTocation of the Edict of Nantea. 
Hafing taken Holj Orden, he, in 170a, aocceeded Dr. Kiel aa Leotoxer on 
IipcfiflMntal Philoeopby at Oxford, and paUiahed aereral worka. He waa an 


I spent this jear in taking oare of tlie Conoerns of mj 
Estate, in mj stndjSy &, riding about the Coontiy for my bealtl^ 
direreiony & improTenient I became aoqoaiDted wilb Mr. Joks 
Hardjy a Presbyterian Paraony who osd lo preach sninetime 
among our Dissenters. He was one of great Reading k Cbri* 
ositj, & inflamd my Love for Antiqaitys. I met him bjr Ap» 
pointment 19 June this year at (*rowland, where we Uy a Nighl 
on purpose to stun'ey the Koble Remains of the Monastery there 
of which I took several Drawings, & wrote an Aooount of Memo- 
randums that I could pick up there about it, k the Bridg, 4 
whatever was remarkable. 

This Montli too I engagd in a famous Dispute by way of 
letter with Mr. Waring, the school Master of SpaMing, an id* 
genius Gentleman, about the Mode of the Resnrrectaoii* Dr. 
Nutton reviewd the papers that passd between us, k was pleaad 
to approve of my Explication of that Difficult Subject. 

I nude a great many occasional Excunions this Sonuner 
into the Neighboring Countrys, chiefly to cooverw with the Pbjr* 
sicians of any Note k eminence in Practise. At Lynn, bend* 
Dr. Barker, I was acquainUfd with Dr. Hepburn. At Slamfoitl 
with Dr. Wilson, who was my Coxen, k Dr. Denham, k Mr. 
Baguley the Surgeon. At Lincoln I was intimate with Dr. 
Primrose, Deicended from the Author of that Name, k Or 
Richicr. At Newark with Dr. Huoton, where too I had aa 
opportunity of seeing my old Friend Seign'* Vigani who liTod 
tliere. At Northton I conversd with Dr. Oreeowood, k Dr. 
Maine. Petcrburgh, Dr. Hill. I saw Dr. Kail toa I 
a C^urious Socleton of a large Toad, which I found under 
(liurch Wall, as whiu* as Ivory, k every individual Bone eotiri 
without seperating the Ligaments, which afterwards in my ab» 
sence was eaten by the mice. 

This Summer in a journey to Boston to visit my oM Master 
Mr. Kelsal, then Vicar, I to^k a Drawing* of the' West cod of 
the Steeple, w^ I oopyd into a Uttle paper book I have ainoa 
filld with such Views. I have since compard it with the Origiod 
k wooderd at its exactness considering I was not above half aa 
hour in sketching it out I likewise wrote oat the Inseriptiooa 

• rye WM 4aas Ike foUevlaf |«v, liet^W. a. 

W. STUKELEY, 1720. 43 

on the bells, A designd to take that upon the famons old Clock 
BeD which I beleive was eqnal to any in England for bulk, but 
observing it very long, & in very antient Saxon Characters, I 
<»nitted it for that time, exceedingly to my regrett, for it is now 
for ever lost They knockt it on peices the week before I went 
to reside there to cast into new ones, & none had skill or thought 
to take it out, which I often lamented, It being in all probability 
a curious peice of Antiquity. 

Ashwensday 1708. We took up old Hoyes that hangd him 
idf A was buryed in the highway, & dissected him, & afterwards 
made a sceleton of his bones, & put them into a fine Glass case 
with an inscription in Latin. The Country people were strangly 
alarmd at this unusual Operation, & it was the common topic of 
discourse among 'em for a long time after. I set it up in my 
Sonmier house, & all the World came to see the wondrous sight. 
llr. Maurice Johnson, of Spalding, now of the Inner Temple, a 
very Learned G^t, & with whom since I have entertaind a great 
Fr^dship, at that time undertook to satyrise me & my Fellow 
Operators about it in verse, which I answerd immediately in the 
Hune way upon first sight of it 

In April I took a journey into Northamptonsh'- where I 
▼iewd the Noble seat of the D. of Montague, Boughton, so 
&mous for Painting & the fine Gardens & Waterworks. I staid 
aome time at my Friend Mr. Lucas's at Holywell, where I got 
acquainted with Dr. Parkyns, a neighboring Physician & learned 
Oentieman, one of G(ayety & Fire. Mr. Lucas had two sisters 
who lookd after his Family, k we, being all single, livd very 
merrily together, & conversd with great Freedom & Innocence. 
The I^dys had much good sense & humor, & one Morning I got 
iq> betimes Acompoed a Copy of Verses on the Family of Love, by 
which title we signalisd our selves, which servd to divert us in 
oor walks about the neighboring Fields, k occasiond their writ- 
ing letters to me when at Cambridg afterw. & we kept a friendly 
eotreqwodence that way. 

In Dec. 1708 I went again to College, where I prepard my- 
idf for taking my Degree. I enterd then into Fdlows Com- 
iDooa. My Questions were in Catamenia pendent a plethora, 
qpon which I niade a Thesis when I kept my Aot| Monday 24 


Jan. 1708-9. Oonooctio cibi in rentricnk) non fit per roenttrunm. 
Mr. Dannj wm mj Fa'* as we call it, k opend the Dispute with 
a jocnlar speech, according to custom, wherein he expatiated 
npon roj Dissecting the old Man of Holbech, k the thickness of 
oar Couotrj Air, complementing me at the same time upon 
escaping the comon taint of the Vervecum patria, k that we 
should dispute de Lana Caprina, k much of that sort Toward 
the latter end I remember this expression Rancq palustres raoeb 
eUmoribos k pleno ore .£sculapiu expectant suum. Mr. Waller, 
another Fellow of our College, was mj Prompter as the Method 
is, he being Devoted to Phjiia The exercise being over I kepi 
mj Feast where the Professor Dr. Green, k his namesake** the 
M'* of our College, faTord me with their Company among the 
Best of the Faculty in the University, k the Professor obserrd 
lo me the next day that he never was so merry, nor staid so long 
at any Entertainment before. The Young Oentlemen of the 
University, who were Students in our Faculty or of my Aoquain* 
tance, I treated at the same time very plentifully in my own 
Chamber, k I think I went to bed the soberest of all the com- 
pany. My Uncle Dodson was present at the whole Solemnity, 
k brought me up my money to discharge the expence which 
amounted to above £50, k with him I returud a day or two 
after to Holbech, bidding a long farewell to my Alma Mater as 
having no thoughts of furder residence. I had renewed my 
Baichelor of Pbysicks Degree some days before at the hands of 
S' [John] Ellis, the Master of Caius College, then Vioe-Chan- 

I staid in the country till June 1709 to regulate my Concerns 
k receive the Compliments of my Friends k Tenants, k lodgd at 
that time with Mr. Rix with my Sister. I made an EntfTtatn- 
meot too at one of my Tenants, the Chequer, a Pnblick hoase, 
where I invited the Justices, Clergy, k Oentlemeo, all round the 
country, my Friends, acquaintance, k Dependants, upon which 
oocaaion we roasted a vast hinder Quarter of an Ox, k boild a 
huge plum poddin in a Copper, k drank off a bogihead of ale 
bfwwd on purpoeeL The Ladys I treated with Sweetmeats k Tea 
bj BockeHafelL 

si Omwrn, tnm i§m is 171C 

W. KTUKELET, 1720. 45 

I took a drawing of an old Tomb of one of the Litilebiirys'^ 
Familj in our Chb, which I gave to Mr. Rix. I took a Draught 
of the Fine Church of Kirkton, in our Country, & some inscrip- 
tiovia there. In April 1709 I went into Northamptonshire to see 
mj acquaintance there, particularly Mr. Lucas, where we lived 
a while, after the same Aree & conversible manner as formerly, 
in a kind of Monastic communication, nor did our youth launch 
out beyond any thing agreeable to the strictest of their Orders. 
Mrs. Ann, the eldest sister, a Lady of great Prudence & Gravity, 
we calld the Abbess. She is since marryd to Mr. Burk, now my 
neighbor in King Street, Bloomsbury. Mrs. Martha had some- 
what of an airy temper, & accompanyd me in several of my 
Bambles in that Country to view Antiquitys, Roman Camps, & 
the like. We traveld together like Errant Vertuosos, & when 
we came to an old mind Castle, &c., we dimbd together thro' 
every story & staircase, mutually helping one another, & pulling 
each other over the gaping arches & rugged heaps of rubbish, & 
when I had occasion to draw a view of them out, as we sat upon 
a stone or the grass, she held my ink horn or my paper, & was 
very serviceable & assistant in taking my designs, & all without 
any reserve or immodesty ; nor could any aged Philosophers 
have conversd together with more innocent familiarity or less 
guilt even in thought or intention. Nor could travailing curi- 
ositj or Antiquarian Researches be rendered so agreeable as with 
a fidr t witty Companion & Fellow laborer, & when we retumd 
home my young Disciple could entertain the Family with so very 
carious Relation of the curiositys we had seen, that it would be 
difficult to say whether so nice taste in the Remains of Ancient 
Time most recommended a young Lady, or that Refined study 
became more lovely & delightful for her sake. She is since 
marryd to a G(entleman in Wales. 

The week before Whitsuntide this year 1709 I went to Lon- 
don,^ t in my way at Cambridge I was seizd with the first fit of 
the Gout transmitted to me by my Father. It was but slight, 

" A reoBmbent eflSgy of Sir Hamphr^ littlebiixy, si the wwt end of tlie 
BOitli alala, f ormerl j si the estt end of the nme. Thii monnment li of the 

I left Holbedi Aug. e, 1709, sniTd ia Londoa 8th at Btfit— W. & 


k onlj gave me tooia small oneaniieM for about a week. Mj 
intantioD in this Joamej was lo finish mj Medicinal Siodja, k 
prepare mrself for Practise. In order whersio I tbooglit it eoo- 
venient to see the Method of the Hospitals here, where all sorts 
of Cases in Phjrsio & Surgerj oocorringy I might perieotlj learn 
the sjrmptoms A see the Diagnostics bsfore mj ejres, k make such 
obsenrations open the progress of Diseases, k the treatment of 
the Physicians upon them, & so fix them in mj Memory as would 
fnllj qoalifj me for launching out into the Practise of the Plro> 
fession I had spent so much time k money in studying. Tber^ 
fore I thought it highly adriseable to put my self under the eye 
of Dr. Mead,^ then Physician to St Thomas's Hospital, whose 
Illustrious Character^ as well by his writeings as his snooessful 
Practise, gare the most pregnant Prognostics of the Dignity k 
Figure he has since raisd both himself it the Art of Healing to. 
From my first acquaintance with him the Dr. thro* his innate 
goodness k sweetness of Temper was pleasd to show me great 
countenance k faror. 80 I lay at my own Chambers at Staples 
Inn, k trudgd every morning across the Bridg to the hospital, 
setting down in a paper book the Names of erery patient as taken 
in k the prescriptions, k sdlicitously obsenring erery turn k 
change in the Case, k drawing such Memorandums from thenoe 
as I thought oouTenient 

My Countryman Dr. Broxholm*^ was at the Hospital at the 
same time with Dr. Mead, k Dr. Coleby, who has sanoe been 
chose one of Dr. Raddiffe trsTeUing Felbws, k Dr. Fulwood, 
now living at Huntingdon. My old Aoqnaintanoei Dr. Parkyns 
of Northtonshire, was now in Town too. I nsd lo spend some 
time with him, k Dr. Balam who had chambers then in Staples 
Inn the civilian. Tliey too, both people of Gallantry, were a 
little too volatile for my sedate humor, k I generally Ml *tm 
together late at night talking of the fiur sex. 

I fbrmd a weekly meeting of the yoong Physicians k Surgeons 
(Mr. CbeseUen k Mr. Tho. Forster), wbers we dissected some 
part or other, k read a Disooune in oar TWns upon any sobjeel 
we had a Mind. I begun the Meeting with one upon Qeneratioo. 

W. STUKSLKTy 1720. 47 

Anoth^ I read on Feyers, on Tobaooo, on the Forms of Pre- 

On I treated, according to a custom, Dr. Mead & 

the Surgeons, at the Kings arms Tavern, St Pauls Church yard. 

I had always a great fancy for Architecture, & getting 
acquainted at this time with some of the builders of St Pauls I 
came to gett some knowledg of the Rules of that Art, which laid 
A foundation fin: my future consideration of the beautys & pro- 
portions of the Antient Oreek & Boman Manner, which I per- 
ceivd was revivd among us. 

In Feb. 1709-10 I had been 7 months in London under the 
strictest course of Studys, both Theoretical & Practical, in my 
Profession, & being heartily tird of London thought of practis- 
ing in the Countiy, & so was resolvd to retire into the Country. 
On Munday, that Dr. Sacheverels tiyal commencd, (at Cambric^ 
17 Feb. 1709-10) I went down again to Holbech, (lived at Mr. 
Bixs,) & cast my eyes upon the neighboring Town of Boston, 
where I had many Relations & acquaintance, & it being near my 
Estate I thought I could best take cognisance of my afiairs, A 
pursue the design I had of extricating my self out of debt, & look 
after the education of my Bro'* & Sister. So on Ladyday 1710 
I went thither accompanyed by many of my Friends, to sound 
the opinion of such as I could find there, & meeting with profes- 
sions of kindness, & hopes of success, I resolvd to fix my Stan- 
dard there, to enter upon Practise which I thought would be but 
gradual & suitable to my very young years. On Mayday follow- 
ing I went to reside, t begun to come a little into business. I 
cured several young children of fits, which in a small measure 
raised me a character. Just in that week Mr. Lynton, a young 
deigyman of my year in Cambridge came to the Livings of 
Frieston k Butterwick in that neighborhood. He had marryed 
Councillor Woods sister, of Coppingthorpe'* near York, who mar- 
ryd the Daughter of Dr. Nicholson an Eminent Physician in 
York, Sl widow of Mr. Arthur Ingram of Barrowby near Leeds, 
whose fiither was Bro'* to the Lord Lrwin, A ownd the Estate of 
the Priory of Frieston & advowsons of those two livings. Mft#^^tn 
Wood, & her Family usually, coming down into that Country in 

48 couMJorTAMn. 

Springy fell sick of a Ferer aboat Michfias 1711, k Mn. Ljd* 
ton, having been aoqoainted with nte, introdnoed me into the 
Family, & 1 restord her to her health, & waa alwajs o uti oe ni d for 
him & them ever after when anj occasion offerd« 8he being a 
Lady of great semie, & all other good Qnalitjt, had particiilarlj 
an extraordinary Genius for Music, which waa transmitted U> her 
hereditarily, her Fa'* too baring considerable skill herein. She 
could perform incomparably upon the Harpsichord, k oompoad 
Lessons frequently, t I baring the honor of bearing ber in mj 
risits, entcrtaind a Love for that Divine Art whic^ so po wer f ully 
affected me, & from one of her worth could not but eogage a 
duller person than myself. This month of May (1710) I took a 
Journey to Oxford with several Gentlemen of Boston. I had a 
slight touch of the Gout there. 

Dec. 1710 I made a Prologue k Epilogue in le w sa for tha 
Schoolboys acting. 

Feb. 1710-1 1. My Bro'* came from Moulton School, k lived 
with me at Mr. Amals, k designing to be an Apotbeearj he 
studyd the RudimenU of Pharmacy there. In I pot 

him out apprentice to Mr. (Vx>per of Northton. 

June 26, 1711, at SUnford, sister Wm. Stennit We weol 
thence to Northton, Holywell, Naseby, Uppingham. 

Abtiraei of my Lifcj for Mr. MiuUr%^ of Bennet CoUege^ 

Maj/j 1720. 

William Stokelej, son of John Stnkelej, of the antient 
fmmiljy lords of Stokelej Magna by Handngton, k Frances, 
daughter of Robert Bullen,' of the family of Anna Bullen, was 
bom at Holbech, Lincolnshire, Novemb. 7, 1687. He, from 
his infancy, had a strong propensity to drawing k designing, 
which by time & practise he improved to a considerable degree* 
He was brooght up in the free school at Holbech, then in good 
repate, under the care of Mr. Edwd. Kelsall, afterward Vicar of 
Boston. There were 11 lads now in the University from this 
neighbomrhood, 6 whereof from this schooL He was admitted 
of Bennet GoUege, 20 November, 1703, and went to reside 
Ladyday following. Whilst an undergraduate, Mr. Hales* (now 

' TliSa lyiognphy was written for Mr. Mssten*! Hittory of the College, and 
U ineerted In that work In a aoniewhat altered fonn. 

Bobert Maaten» B.D^ Fellow of the College, and of the Soc of Antiqnariea, 
Loodoa, wrote a ** History of the College of Corpot Chriiti, and the B. Virgin 
Maiy, (eowmonly called Bea^), in the UniTenitj of CambrV* whidi wat pab- 
liabed in 1758, and printed at the UnlTertitj Praia. It was dedicated to 
Mafthlaa Mawaon« D.D^ fonnerlj Maater of the College, and Biahop of Chi- 
Chester in 1740, to which tee he had been translated from Llandaff. 

* Of Weaton, Line. 

■ Stqihen Halea, D.D., Sth ton of Thomaa, eldest son of Sir Bobt. Hales, 
Bart., of Bekeabnme, Kent. His mother was Marj, danr. and Heiress of Ridid« 
Wood, of Abbota«Laag^j, Herts. He was bom 17 SepL, 1S77 ; admitted a 
Fensiooer of Corpns, 19 Jone. 1 S96 ; and obtained his Fellowship SS Feb.. 1 702*S ; 
MJL at the following commencement, and B.D. in 1711. Appointed P.C. of 
Teddingtoo, Middz^ in 170S. In 171S he was chosen F.B.8., andabontthe 
same time Tacafed hia College Fellowship bj accepting the Bectcry of Porlock, 
B om ara ., which he exdmaged for that of Farriagdoo. Hants. He married 
Maiy, dear, and Heivias ef Dr. Henry Newce, of M nch.Hadham, Herts, Beetor 
cf Hailsham, Bnsssi, Several cf his writings were printed at the reqoest el 
the Bojal Soeiecj, before whom they had been read. So mnch did he disdngnish 
himaelf bj hia stadiea and pablicationa, that the Unircnitjof Oiford honoared 
Um with lbs Diploma cf D.D., SS JuM, 17as. The Boyal Sodelj also thm^ht 


Dr. of Teddington), tbeo fellow of the Collage, emploTM him to 
drew a machine be made in the nature of what we aioce call 
Orrer}'8 : the original drawing he has now bj him« Mr. Tbo. 
Fawcet,* his tutor, employ 'd bim to draw a leaf or two out of the 
most antient printed book of Scripture historj in •eulptore, 
in the College MS. library*, for the use of John Bagford/ who 
was then writing on tbo origin of the art of ingraring. At that 
time Stepben Graj, the first eminent propagator of electriettj, 
often brougbt bis cylindric glass tube to our College^ to Tiait fab 
nepbew Jobn Graj/ of Canterbury, fellow student in phjaidc 
witb Stukelej. Before them two Stepben trj'd his electrical 
experiments then in their infancy. He took frequent herbariztng 
walks with Mr. Halen, k others, students in medicine^ about the 
country many miles round (^ambridg, and made great additiooe 
to Rays (*atalogiis [Plantamm] circa Cantabrig which, with a 
map of the county, be was much sullicited to print; but bit 
father dying, whilst be was junior Soph, called him freqoeotlj 
into the countr}* to take care of his private affaira, k prevented it. 

lum vmtbj o# Um Oof>i€7 Gold M«U1» Md W VM tlwud by Ikt lojal Aesteaj 

of Pan* nt%€ oC tbttr rt^bt turttgn mttmbtn. Ht vi» appoiaUd cterk ef tb« 

clowt to ibt PnooMs o# WaloB. Tb€ B^ ol Oalofd. ia a 

IxmkSoq Indrnukry. 20 FeK. 1754. dwcnbsd biM 

batb bc«ti loQf aa Orniiarm Ui bia rrolgiiua aa a CttrgjaMa* aad la bia 

eoaatry aa a Pbiloaopbcf '*— TmL Mmsi^rw't NtM. tf Orp. CM, CM^ Ckmk^ 

p. iOS. 

• Tboaaa ravatti. B.!) . «bo vaa Pvaaidaat ol Iba Oalkc*. ea^ a aaal 
tacvlWoi Taior. vaa adacai^l aadcr Mr. ^a^^lawi^y%a, la Abfw TaaAaaa*li 
bcbool. M. Ifaftia'».ia.ib€-ri€kla. Ha vaa Bcdor ol ac Btatf, CMabw liMS 
i;o: to i:il He «a# prrfrrrr*! to tbc Rrccorr d Moaba Elcicb, asialb, bM 
dted brforv he Irfi ibc i **\\t^. an<l «aa b«ri«d la ibc Cbapci. 21 Jaac. 1717. — 

• Jobo fUffoftl, aa aocdttcaiad auia. aad collocbif ol ran pnai^ 
k€^ vaa a aaiiva ol Load«ia. He drvoc«d mwtk umm la aaliactiaf 
for tba biMory of pnouaf . bal ibt p r o apa ct aa «m all tbat lypsariij. Hia Ckil- 
l«cti«*o« arr tn tbo Bni. )!•• . at»d arv bocb car>o«aaad Talaabia. Ha 

TW oaf I ol O&iord caplojvd bim la ■afctaf pafcbaaaa 9i 
Boni la 14*7 . diad la 171C— JMooj /)WC p, 114. 

• Joba Ofay. M.D. mm ol MaUbiaa Gray, aa AUotimi 9i 
adsiunl a acbolar ol Corpaa apoa At^ Parbav* faaaiatna. II A#r« ITOSs 
If a. la 1711 . M II la i:.*l Ht vaa a |waaa ol ctadic la bia 
vbicb bo practMad aft CaatotUify. iHad 4 k^^ 17S7, aad «M 

w. 8TUKELET9 1720. 51 

Stukelej took his bachelor of phjsics degree 21 Jan., 1707-8 ; 
studyed anatomy under Mr. Bolfe, surgeon, in chanoery lane ; 
went lectures of chymistry to Seign'- Vigani in Trinitj College, 
& in qoeens college cloysters, & tryei many chymical experi- 
ments, & dissections, injections, &c., in conjunction with (now 
Dr.) Stebbin, then studying Physick, of Catherin Hall ; and had 
a chamber allowM him in Coll. 

He studyed the practical part of physick under Dr. Mead, at 
S. Tho. hospital, Soutliwark, in 1709; May, 1710, settled to 
practise at Boston-Manchester, 15 Stanfield ;^ May, 1717, 
removed to practise in Ormond Street, London ; admitted a 
fellow of the Boyal Society, by nomination of Dr. Mead, 20 
March, 1717-8, by S'* Is. Newton, with whom (on acc^ of being 
of the same country), he had afterwards a particular friendship. 

1 Januan'', 1718, Stukeley was one of tlie founders of the 
Antiquarian Society,* of which he was secretary for 9 years, 
whilst he lived in London. He took Dr. of physicks degree 7 
July, 1719, at Cambridg ; examined at the College of physicians, 
London, & admitted a candidate Sep. 30. 

1720. Admitted a fellow. This year he published an account 
of Arthurs Oon,* & the Roman vallum in Scotland, in 4**** His 
curiosity led him to be initiated into the mysterys of Masonry, 
suspecting it to be the remains of the mysterys of the antients, 
when widi diiBcuIty a number sufficient was to be found in all 
London. After this it became a public fashion not only spred 
over Brittain & Ireland, but all Europe. 

March, 1722, ho read the Gulstonian Lecture at the College 
upon the Spleen, which ho printed in folio, together with the 
dissection of an elephant, with many copper plates, colored to 
imitate nature. 

At this time an hereditary gout, which siez*d him first at the 
age of 16 (of which his father dyed at the age of 49), grew upon 
him to such a d^ree, that he was generally laid up of it all the 

* Whilflt be resided at Botton, be ttronglj reoonmeoded tbe Cbaljbeete 
WBten of Suuilleld, near Polkingham : and became one of tbe earliest dhoken 
of them.— Vid. Mmsi^rt's JTut. tf Carp^ p. 882. 

* f #., a reriver of the Sodetj. 

* See Letters apon this moniimeot among the Ooffraspondeace. 

5i AirrOBIOOftAFHT. 

winter monihi. Tbu obliged him to ride oo horaebeck ta the 
Springy for recoTery of his health. B7 thie meeiit be indulged 
his natunl lore of antiquity t, especially thoee of hit own eoontfy ; 
the fruit of which was his Itinerarium Corioanm, in folio, witb 
100 copper plates, published in 1724. 

He had contracted friendships with the great Thomas,** Earl 
of Pembroke, whose antique marbles at Wilton he drew out; witii 
the learned Heneage, Elart of Winchelsea, k in general with all 
the virtuosos in London, k with some foreigners." He had a 
great intimacy with Mr. Roger Gale, went a Umr of half a jrcar^ 
along with him, all around the south k west of England. la 
17S5 he went along w*** him all the north of England, k the 
whole length of the Roman wall ; drew out and described inniH 
merable old dtys, roads, altars, Ac, nut yet poUiah'd. But 
having always a religious turn of mind, k especially loving to go 
up to the fountain head of things, his chief attention was lo the 
works of the Druids, whom he pcrceiv*d to be of the aboriginal 
patriarchal religion. On this ace*- he spent e^'erjr year, a motitli 
or two, at Abury, k at Ambresbury, in Wilts, and by iamnner* 
able drawings k measurements nude himself master of the natnrt 
of their two great temples of Stonebenge k Abury, with many 
leaser. Ijord Hertford inxited him to MaHborough. In 1726 
he was Censor of the ( ollege of physicians, k of the CVnumQ of 
the Royal Society by S' Isaac Ni*wtons destination ; 4 ooe of 
the Committee of the Ro\*al Soctctv to examin into the oooditioQ 
of tlie instruments at the Royal Ubaervstory, Greenwidi, then 
under the care of Dr. Hallev. 

In June that year, to the wcmder k regret of all his aoquaia* 
tance, he retired to Gmntluun in LincolniJitre. On taking leave 

Barl ol P^mbrokr, ^mttkm&d ite IcmI Isjws4 oI Uri Af«a4tl*i 
€0l1«tio« ol euisM. ptimdkp^lf bwto. To tkoat bo aidod oMsy o# tks 
Oio0Uoioo ■srblw. sod o# Uo Ummnm oollcctkHi. lo 1711 tUtk^ Coor^fle 
poUtoko4 o Dooertpuoo ol ilM^ oo4 lo KUibiovort vMffo^vtMotfffor Josci 
Eoaoodf. ol mhktk Mooffol odItMoo oflorvordo lypMiil bot tWj ofo aoi vote* 

Mf 'f Amw^mn #/fAv AHt §f MafUmd, ISOO. ^ fS4. 

» Dr HoiforoUM . Mr Eoyolor ; oo4 tW Imnni Miistiiiiii 
ooeM ol aio aoMfoo (MM buo 1^ Abf. Woko)telMo -AotH«i|f 

W. STUKELEY. 172(». 53 

of S'* Isaac Newton, 1 Apr., then in lodgings at Kensington, 
where he spent a whole day with him alone, S'* Isaac directed 
him to inquire about a convenient house to be purchased for him 
in Orantham, for he had thoughts of ending his days there, near 
his native town, but his death soon after prevented it However, 
Stukeley, by living in Grantham, had an opportunity of collect- 
ing the memoirs of S'* Isaacs family, & the early part of his life 
(for he was brought up at Grantham school). These memoirs 
he sent up to Mr. Conduit, who propos'd publishing his life. 
The papers fell into the hands of Lord Lymington, who marryed 
Mr. Conduit's daughter. 

In 1728 Stukeley marryed a gentlewoman of family & fortune 
in that neighborhood, Frances, daughter of Robert Williamson, 
of AUington, gentleman. He was employM by all the noble & 
other familys around that country in the practise of physic, but he 
entertained thoughts of entering into holy orders. Archbp. 
Wake, to whom he was well known, encouragM him in it, & 
ordainM him at Croydon, 20 July, 1729. In October that year 
Lord Chancellor King presented him to All Saints Living in 
Stamford, with S. Peters annexM. On November 8, Bp. 
Reynolds,'* of Linoolni ordaining him priest, ofTerM him the 
Living of Holbech, his native town, then vacant, which he 
refusM. He likewise was offered another living that year, by the 
prut ESarl of Winchelsea. 

Feb., 1730, he removed to Stamford, & took upon himself the 
parochial Cure. That year Dr. Rogerii, a parishioner, invented 
his Oleum Arthriticum, when he had used it upon himself & 
many others, with admirable success. Dr. Stukeley was induced 
to do the like with equal advantige, & it saved his joints Ry 
this t other proper regimen he recovered his limbs t health to 
a surprizing degree. A, has ever since enjoyM a firm state of 
health, beyond any example in the like circumstance. 

In Januan', 1732*3, he publisird an account of the success 
from these oyls esctemally apply*d in innumerable instances, in a 
letter to S'* Hans Sloan ; k the year after he publishM a regular 
treatise of the cause & cure of tlie gout, from a new rationale, 

" Ricluund Rajnoldi, who pennittcd the Dean and Chapter to pun down 
Um rvfiM of the Palaea, and to oas the ftooe for the repain of the Cstliodnd. 


which ptitM thro* two editions of 1000 each in n% b ari d et an 
abctnot of the work, of like n^ to three editions, k m Terjr neel 
edition of the larger work at Dnblin, 1 735. 

Here he learnt, from Mr. Archdeaoon Camberiand, thai the 
Bishop/' his predecesftor, whilst at Stamford, made an Orrerr, 
which after his death the grandchildren used to play withal, till 
broken in pieces. The Bp. was likpwine rery diligent in making 
a meridian line upon the wall of Browns hospital, which is slill 
risible, &, Dr. Stukelev has now in his possession a dock invented 
A made by Bp. Cumberland, for astronomical uses, containing 
hours, minuter, k secoiuiH, with only three wheels, whicfa is 
reckon 'd by tlie arti^^ts that way a great curiosity. The Bp. was 
the inventor of the long |)endulum, k found oat tbe way of 
adjusting it, by a screw at the top, whereby it may be leogtbened 
or short ned without stopping its motion. 

S. Marys Living in Stamford, being vacant. Lord Chaooellor 
Hsnlwick offered it to the Dr., but he refused it. A corioiia 
silver plate of Human worknian»hip was found in Rtsley park, 
Darbyshire. It was in tlie |>«issession of Exsuprriits, whom we 
call S. Swithin, bi^liop of [Touloute] who lived about [the year 
206] ho gave it to tlie church of lh>ugois m France. Tbe Dr. 
got it ingraved by G. Vandergiicht, k printed an explanation of 
it, k trac«*d tito journey of it from thai church hither. Tie 
addressed to Ili>gi*r (rale. 

In 1734) he publif»hed hit Pahrographia Sacra, in quarto, N^ 
1, dedicated to S' Itichard EllynJ* Barr" , from wbon he bad 
receivcil favors, ll wa« to »Ih»w a •periiiim how heatbeo OBytbo* 
log^' is derivftl from •acn*<l hi^tor^ : k tliat the Baccfaos of tbe 
porlA ii no c»thrr tlian Jdiovah in Scripture, tlie leader of tbe 
l«ni«*litr^ thro* tlir HilJcrnrwi. For hi« cntt*rtainment be baa 
carried ihrM* kiml of imjuiryt to a gn*at length : but there is no 
return to be found by putting tbem to the preaa. 

In 1737 hi* wife dyed, leaving him 3 daugbtcrm. 

** Eicksrd CMaWHsad, bom Is iht fsmb oi H. Asm. Aldgaltf, 
FMWv ol M ^. CSolU CsAbr., asctor •# Brafli«rt4Mi. mmd Viesf •# 9l MsftteX 
•iSBlord. Blalkip ol f wi b ot oi ^S , ISfl. thmd Oct. S. Kli^ 
bsnod la ku CatWdrsl. 

*• 01 KsdM frisfj. Lias. 

W. STUKELEY, 1720. S5 

In 1739 he marrj^ed the only daughter of Dean Ghde, his fir^ 
Bo^er Ghdes sister. 

The late Duke of Ancaster, Peregrine (in whose family now, 
& formerly with the first Duke Robert, he was well received), 
made him one of his chaplains, Aug., 1739, & gave him the liv- 
ing of Somerby by Grantham. In the winter of 1740, 41, 42, 
43, he lived in Town with his family, in Gloc''' Street In the 
beginning of 1740 he published his work of Stonehenge, in folio, 
with many copper plates of that wonderful structure of the 
Drwisj dedicated to his patron the Duke of Ancaster. 

December, 1741, the house of Commons orderM him to preach 
before them, on 30 January. He printed the sermon.'^ It 
regarded the necessity of observing the public Sabbatic duty. 

11 December, 1741, he was one of the founders of the 
Egyptian Society : whereof Lord Sandwich was president. 

22 January, 1741-2, the Duke of Montagu, then admitted of 
it asked him the meaning & purpose of the so famous Egyptian 
Stirunu He answerM that it was difficult to obtain a proper 
iMtioo of it from authors; that he apprehended the origin of it 
was equal to that of the world, for when sacrifices were instituted, 
it was the method of the ancestor!^ of mankind to watch, & await 
the descent of celestial fire to consume the animals on the altar, 
in token of divine acceptance ; during which time of awaiting it 
was necessary in warm countrys to drive away birds of prey & 
beasts, by a rattle, from devouring the sacrifice. This is apparent 
finom the famous federal sacrifice of Abnihani, Genesis xv. Hence 
the Egyptians made it their great prophylactic of all evil. The 
rattling of it was equivalent to procul e$te profani This solution 
was approved of by the Society, k soon alWr the Dr. presented 
Id the Duke a large k full account of that matter in manuscript ; 
from which time be was pleasd to honor him with his favor k 

In the beginning of the year 1743, he published Abury, 
or a description of that stupendous work of the Dnuds ; with 

** Ob lbs text— Lam : ii. 6. **The Lord htth canted the ■olemn feaiU and 
atbbsAe to be forgotten in Zioo, and hath despised in the indignation of hit 
tba King and the prieil ; ** from which paitage he thewed that National 
are the co ne e q aenoe of a KationNl profanatioo of the Sabbath. 


manj oopperpfaitas, folio, dedicated to the Beri of Penbrok^. 

Thai same jear be pabliahed the aoooant of Ladj Bottia*s 
aepnlehral oeU lately diaoorered at Roiatoo,*^ in quarto, ^ith 
copper platea, being titled Paleographia Britannica, or mono* 
menta of antiqoitj that relate to Brittiah hiatorr, dedicated to 
Lord Chancellor Hard wick. 

18 Jane, 1744, the lecture in All SaioU Chorch being meant 
the Truateea gare it to the Dr. 

In 1745 one Ur. Parkjnt,'^ a clergyman in Norfolk, taok it 
into hia head to write an awkward anawer (as he caUa it) U Dr. 
Stukeleyt account of Lady ltoiaia*t cell at Roiatco ; being an 
onhandaom treatment of the Dr., i, an nnconnected, odd aoco«Bl 
of that antiquity of hia own. 

The Dr. aoon anawered it, addretaed to Lord Hardwiek, lot 
on account of the Rebellion defer*d the publication till 1746, k 
printed it at Stamford. The title was Paheographia Britannica, 
No. 2, wherein are many curious rrmarkablea in antiqni^, paita* 
culariy the true origin of the Unirervity of Cambridg, in the eld 
Roman City of Oranta, on the north aide of the rirer. He kaa 
eollecied an exceeding good cabinet of antient Roman A Oiwtk 
Coyns, diapoeed chiefly in a religious regard to the goapd bialorj. 

In June, 1747, he rec2d a complaiaant IZr from Mr. Bertraal^ 
of Copenhagen, a gentleman unknown to him, intraating a eor» 
reapondence ; in the course of which mention waa made of a 
curious manuscript*^ of Richard of Wcetminstrr, relating to tlM 
Roman antiquitya in Brittain. Thia year he cut out in wood a 
machine of his own inTentioo (or Orrery), which shows the tnM 
motion of the sun ft moon round the globe of the earth, the ooufM 
of the tidea, k many other particulan UM*ful in common life. 

14 Norember. Dr. & rccid a long Icr from the Duke of 
Montagu, offering him & Oeorgea Liring, Queens square, 4 
ei pressing a deaire of hie acceptance, w^ be comply *d withal^ 

w. 8TUKKLET9 1720. 57 

tbo' it Tacated both his other Liyings, chiefly in regard to the 
Dukes satisfaction ; In the beginning of the year following, 
removM to Town. 

In September that year, 1748, he accompanyed the Duke to 
Boughtoni Northamptonshire, for a month. 5^ July the year 
following, the Duke dyed, the most regretted of any subject in 
England. The Dr. went to pay his last respects to his great 
patrons remains passing thro* Kentish town, & sprinkled his 
herse with woodbind flowers. On returning home in a fitt of 
grief, he wrote some lines in blank verse, upon that melancholy 
subject, which were printed in the newspapers of the same day, 
A afterward in the Brittish Magazine. The Dr. printed them on 
a half sheet, to give away to the Dukes friends. 

There were likewise printed in the British Magazine some 
verses of the Drs. describing the months entertainment with the 
Duke at Boughton, & some anecdotes concerning his character. 

In Christmas, 1749, he printed, on a sheet, a paper of verses 
made in the year 1736, called a philosophical hymn on Christmas 
day, inscribed to the Lady Hardwick, which he gave away 
chiefly to his parishioners. Afterwards it was printed in the 
Brittish Magazine. 

In the beginning of the year 1750, on occasion of the two 
8hock» of the earthquakes then, the Dr. gave in two papers to 
the Boyal Society, attempting to point out the cause of earth- 
quakes from the principle of electricity. He preachM a sermon 
upon that alarming occasion in his oni-n church the auditors in 
both places in numbers requested him to make these discourses 
puUick, which he complyed withal, intitling the pamphlet the 
philosophy of earthquakes, natural & religious, or an inquiry 
into their cause A their purpotte. He printed it in octavo, chiefly 
to give away to his fiiends k parishiouers. There was likewise 
an account of the work printed in the Brittish Magazine. 

Mrs. Adams, a parishioner of his, since his coming to London, 
ofierM him a Living in her gift, which he refused. 

Beside an infinite number of drawings of Roman k other 
antiqnitys, the Dr., during his 20 years enjoyment of the solitude 
of the conntiyi carryed his studys k his designs, chiefly in sacred 
antiquitjrsy to a very great length. He discussed carefully 4 

58 Aim>BioeEAPST. 

largely tbe whole qotition of the true jeer A day of o«r Baviovt 
birth, hit whole life k minittrjj to as to oompile an exaci harmooy 
of the GospeUy k the fasti €9a»gMei as he ttjlee it, in the way of 
a kalendar, k tie illoitrated by the coyna k nedala k inecriplioQa 
of antiquity. Herein we may aaaign rery many partienlar dajra 
of the month, week, k ytmt^ whereon the trantactiooa of o«r 
Sariourt life happen 'd, in a more precaae manner than baa been 

Beside those works mentiond in the preface to Slooebemfa, 
be has found out means, from heathen mytlioiof^r, k motmmeols 
of antiquity, to recover tbi* effi^pes of Tery many of the patriareha 
mention *d in Sacred writ, which he baa drawn out in OHUiy 
separate volumes. 

He has trac'd the ori/i^n of Aalrooomy finom the first ages of 
the world. He has tnic*d the origin of Architeetore, with OMUiy 
designs of the mosaic tabernacle ; the temple of Solooio n ; the 
breastplate of Anron ; the manner of the incam p mee t of fhm 
Israelites ; the origin of the celestial eonstsilatiooe ; iIm natare 
of the Hebrew Sliecbinah ; k an infinity ot' saorsd aataqoitjra 
deduc*d from proofs not hitherto obeerv*d« tqgetber with wmay 
other tracts k diACountes too trdious to be reeapitalaied ; an 
immense quantity of drawings having a reUgioss rcgatd, €.f^ 
above 4(K) views of places in the holy land, relating to snerad 
hisCory, with very many more of like natnrsL 

The artifice of booknellers diecorages authors from rsapiag Uw 
fruit of their laboim, nevertheless be po r po s ee to print ike beak 
of Richsrd of Westm', mhich is an extraofdinanr enriositv. 4 
givee more light into the history of Brittain than all the hooka 
hitherto published. He has lUO copper plates ready in gt a t e n^ 
4 with ooim k observations will render it a second Vohone of 
the Itinerarium Cnriosuas. 


Feb. 1720. Mons'- GhronoviuB Son to the famous Critic in 

Apr. 11. I bought South Sea Stock with Mr. Wood. 

Apr. 18. At the Lincolnsh'* Feast, Ship Tavern, Temple 
barr. pres^ Sir Is. Newton. Upon my mentioning to him the 
rehearsal of the Opera to night (Rhadamisto)' he said he never 
was at more than one Opera. The first Act he heard with 
pleasure, the 2^ stretch*d his patience, at the 3^ he ran away. 

Bumper q. d. Bon pere. 

Apr. 21. With L^ Harley* in his Library, Dover Street 

Apr. 25. I presented my profile to Mr. Wood. 

28 May. The Kings Birthday. I reed from Mr. Wood 
£350, my share of the profit of our South Sea contract. 

30 May. Mr. Bird took off my face in plaistcr of Paris. 

2 June. Surprizeing scene in Change Alley. S. Sea in the 
morning above 900, in the evening 700 p O, it has rose 100 p 

' In S Acta, bj HandeL It wai reheaned for the ftnt time on the 17th of 
April, and was the ftnt of the Operas oonipoeed for the new Opera Honee, *'The 
Bojal Aoftdemj of Maiie,** C#. Hajmarket Theatre. The Text wai written bgr 
Nioola Hajm. On ito appearance it lecdTed the meet extravagant applaoae. 
The air, "Ombva Cam,** Handel oomddered one of the ftneet he erer made. 
The Open wai dedicated to George I. The Pogt B^f of 9 JqIt, 1710, adTer* 
tiaed the copper-plate engraring of Radamiatoa, hj Richd. Mearet, macical 
inetmment maker and mneic printer at the Golden Viol ; and on let Deer, in the 
Mune jear another advertiaement announced that on the ISth ineu the Opera 
woald be pnbUehed, consiating of 134 large folio copper-platea. A third 
advartiaemeat bgr Mearea in the PMt B^^^ IS Mar., 1721» informed the pnblic 
that Handel had compoeed aereral additional aonga, which woold appear in 
thia edition : end that each »***■*«■»■ aa had alraadv nardiaaad the nteviaBa 
aditioa, woald neriva the additioMd aeafi (41 pagaa) gtatii.- 8ea SokmM^$ 
Lff0 ^ MtmM IIW7) ^ U. 

* Bobert Hartej, Sari af Osfotd, bora in Loadoa 16SI, died ia 17M. A 
grant patron of literatara, and collector of literary treaanrea. Hia eillaatka af 
MSa. waa parehaaed for the Britiah Maaeaaa. Ha waa impeached te traaaen 
bf ite Whig party ia 1711, aoaftnad in the T^mrn^ aad ralwaid at iba ead af 

V IML ^ CWaapeal ^S«y^ Sad adil^ ^ 4Si^ 

00 DiAicr. 

diem for S or 3 <Uj». Profetftioot A abopt are fotgot, all goa 
thither as to the minoa of PotoaL Nobility, Ladjrt, Brokafv, 4 
footmen all upon a level. Great equipngea aetttog op, the priaaa 
(ne) of thin^rs rose cxorbiUntlj. Such a renTersenient of Uw 
order of Nature as suoccedin;; agea can have no Idea of. 

7 Juue. I aat to S'* Qodfrej Kneller for my pictore.' S** 
Is. Newton came in to see his picture finished designed for Mr. 

II June. L^ Nottini^ham* had his foce taken 8 diffsraol 
ways in order for a bust. 

18 June. Dr. Mead sat for his pictnre. 

27 June. Went to see Mr. Depoys raritya, long acre. 

30 June. Went with S'- Is. Newton to see the Coinage ia 
the Tower. He set his hand in my Album. 

July 14. At the Apotbecarys herbarizing feast at (}raenwieb. 
Several people run mad & kill thoniaelvea aAer having got grant 
sums of monev in South Sea. 

July 17. I visited I/- Pembroka. 

July 18. Din*d with Dean Stanley.* Mr. Mieklebnrgh 
alonff with us. 

July 81. I din*d with S' Ood£ Knelkr at Whittoo, ia 
Ham Walks. 

• A 110 am tngrmvtnf nf Uiis portraH ffonM Um finstiipiisi el 

• isass Cmmmi (mm o# ite mMtUU llallaB 
Doalak C). «bo. M the ar« ol 17, w— Mlaitt^ «• tW Amdtmf •# 
U 1710 W p«bliftlM«1 m bmik oM %k0 arir* ol Um Mfftk. im whUk bs 
ia oppotilioa to K«wuw, tiMU ii «m mi obloiif t^Wti 
rrfMd by two ooipa ni <i of ■MibettacictMM wk&rn Um flTMSii kl^f 
lovarda tkm pi«Ur circle, the ocliffr lo tW •^•slor. to 
wM bum Is ISST. siMl ai<^ m ITM— 8m Av<m. ^ tSS. 

• DMltl riscb. E«rl of Kouisfbsfli. P>wlSisi o# tb« CoMcU sa ibe 
«< Qmsb Asm ; aiMiMd ffo* ««at to 17ia la ITat be bacMM leriof 
WlMb«U«k to virtM ol bi« dcoetot ffo* lltesbslK ^mt. saa bmi ef Sir 
TWmm Bsssh^ m4 vtto o# Mr Mojto riasb. bis gieat gtmMmkm. Wh 
nfkj «• W^kSM oa lbs Trialty ibiitosi tbe Ibaabs ef tbe O a i iniH i eC 
Osta< and •# lbs jiibsp saa CWiu ef f laiis Be atoi to II 

»*• XMii^ ^ TTa. 

• WUItoB atoiOsT. D.D^ Msssiasa Dr. ajpNaasr to Iks 

w. tnruKXLKT, 1720. 61 

Aug. 9* S'* Is. Nevrton went to Oxford with Dr. Kiel/ he 
having not beeu there before. 

In Lincohishire. 

S^t 23, 1720. S. Sea fallen from 1000 to 400. The world 
in the utmost distraction — thousands of familjs ruin*d. 

I was with S'* John Yanbrugh.* 

Sept 30. I was admitted Fellow of the College of Physicians. 

S. Sea last night under 100 now risen to 310. 

Oct. 5. A young Elephant in Town dying S'* Hans Sloan 
bought it for us to dissect 

Oct 10. Dr. Mead & I visited Mr. S^ Andr6 to see his fine 
preparations in Anatomy which are beyond comparison. 

the age of 16. In 16C9 he wm elected to m Fellowihip of Corpat ; wm eaimte to 
Dr. Ooodman, at Mach Hadbam, Herta., where he became known to the Earl 
of Ea««x, who made him hit chaplain, and presented him to the Rectory of 
Bajna Panra, Emcz, in 1681. This he gare np for 8. Mary Magd., in Old Fish 
Street. London, in 1682, and in 1690, upon the death of Dr. Goodman, was 
appointed to the Rectory of Mach Hadham. In 1684 he waa pre f erred to the 
Pkebend of Caddington, in the Cathedral of 8. Paul ; in 1689 to the Arch* 
deaoonry of London ; and in 1706, to the Deanery of St. Anaph. Before this 
time he had received the appointment of Chaplain to the Prinoeaa of Orange, 
and aabeeqaently Clerk of the Cloaet to her when Qaeen. Dr. Stanley, in 1722, 
made and printed at hit own ezpenae, a Catalogue of the Taloable MSS. in 
Corpoa Library. Daring hit Maatenhip the College Cummnnion Plate was 
•loleii, and be generooaly pieaented the 8ilfer*gilt Plate which had belonged 
lo Qoeen Mary*t private chapel, and which abe bad given to him. He died ia 
1781t at the age of 84, and was boried in St. Paart Cathedral.— Jf«j(nv*« BuL 

* John Keill. bom at Edinburgh, 1671 ; died 1721. Entered Balliol OolL, 
Oxford, and ia la^d to have been the flrat who taught Sir L Kewton*a prindplea 
by ezperimenta. In 1698 he publiabed an ** Examination of Dr. Baraet*t Theory 
el the Earth,** to which he tabjoined **Bemarkt on Whiaton*t Theory.** In 
1699 he waa appointed deputy profeaaor of KaL PhiloM>phy. In 1708 he 
defended Newton*a claim to the invention of fluxiooa. In 1710 he waa cboean 
Saviliaa P ro f eMo r of Astronomy at Oxford. In 1714 the Unlverrity conferred 
en bim tlie degree of M.D. In 1716 be publiabed an edition of *- Commandine'a 
EucUd.**— See SfH^m's Diet., p. 688. 

* Sir John Vanbrugb. bom 1666 ; died ia London, 1726. He waa a cele* 
Ijfated Bngliak dramatic writer and arehiteet. Hia oomediea were **Tbe 
Provoked Wife **; ** The Confederal**; and** The Bdapee, or Virtue ia Danger.** 
For eome time be waa Clarendeux King-of«Arma ; and Surveyor of Greenwich 
Hoapital ia 1716. He waa alao Coonptroller-geaeral of Worka, mad Surveyor of 
tbe Koyal Oardena. Hit prindpal oonatradioa ia Blenbeim.--See BmUm^ p. 

<t DUmT. 

Oct 18. Dr. Friend, Onitnr Hmnreimons ml CoHege, be gmirt 
a gill Cap. 

Oct 28. Dr. ChMaCj anatomical roader. I was de ma n rtia ior. 

Norr. Mont'* Plumicr the famoua Statmuy djd of a ooo* 
sompiioni mj patient 

Norr. 25. I din'd with S*' la. Newton where we aodtted the 
R8. Aoc^ 

Dec 10. I drew out L^ Pembrokea laia.* He gave me a 
gold cojm of Philip, of Maoedon. 

Dec 11. He came to aee mv drawings of Solomons Templa. 

Dec. 15. Dr. Halley sat to 8' Godfrey Kneller for Dr. 
Mead. Talking of a painter/* of whom people reported thai his 
colors were good k lasting, yes, says 8* Godfrey, but the more 
is the pity. Acquainted with Mr. Baxter." 

Jan. 6, 1721. I was made a Freemason at the Salutalkm 
Tar., Tavistock Street, with Mr. (\>llins, (*apt Rowe who made 
the famous diving Engine. 

The Directors late paramount, now dcspoiFd 4c 

Mr. Kemps antiquit3rs sold. 

Jan. 26. Mr. Le Neve Nonroy k I tack some tranaeripciooa 
out of Domeaday booL 

• nu to probttMf tkt bUck teislt autw •# HtkHMcte (?>, m iMom sf 
klfli ntX kMsUaff sad hoidkm§ htimm kla • psitAlito ilwtM te vkidi Is * 
niiilist afwt •# OsArto. It to AppMviKlf o# cIm agv of iIm fSili Djbmij, er 
Abo«t Um 7tk €t«t«r7 SjC. Tbc htmd mmd UmtfL srt aodct «. mmd hmwt keaa 
muni m ikom ol tkt foddtm lito. iMUntf •# bsisf wbU9 Is iIm b«s4.«ltlie 
ol s iwmmkman s# thm 4y— iij •bof ■ w t i — d. A, Om^am km w f i s tsd li 
te IMS **Ba^ tovwdft csptomiaf Um Htortft m Um ObAs «f m 
bslMiCiaC lo Gspc W. UUmvUmt. Lond^ 1717.** It ptob^blj cm» 

** 8m auksWy't Cmbsms-pUm Book. viMft H to m*4 tiMt tW 
ytodtd to «M Mr. Kichowtooo. JoootlMyi IticlMrilano vm Uv« oboot 1< 
—dated to Loodoa la ITU. Hs woo ow n i i ii r i d s good ^ortfott yoiotir. Hs 
oFfoit llM * TWorj ol rolocioff .** oM * Ao Imoj spo« tW Aft o# 
It ffololos to poloUoc.**-Kot Mftf0m, p SAS. 

•• WUHmo aoitor, o t p l it w ol Ki cW rd tostrr tlis esl th r oloi 

Am. la ICSO; disd I7A Ho 
la tiM dsMl B i, sad wm ty^ioiod MmM o# tte Mi 
■o pobltakod m Latio Owsf la lATf : aa 
la laas : oa BdM. ol Hotaat la Kie ; oad s DioL ol BntMli 
la lilt. Ito Ol ii ni yel B i i Biis Aat^a. wsspnaMdla liaSw^Tdd^ M stii ^l i 

^ ^111. 

W. 8TUKBLKT, 1720. 68 

Mr. Hotfkin8 new invented Machine for raising water by f 

Feb. 4. 8^' Godfr. Kn. sketchd my profile on paper. 

Feb. 13. S'' Is. Newton presented me with the new Edition 
of his optics. We disoonrsM abont mnscnlar motion. 

Feb. 17. The fine featherwork bed made by Edm. Cany. 

L^ Stanhope'' buryd in great state. 

Feb. 20, 1720-1. The Lincohishire Nobility & Gentry din*d 
at Pontacks. I was with them. 

Feb. 23. Dr. Halley & I breakfasted at 8'* Is. Newtons. 
8'* Is. mentiond the poverty of the materials he had for making 
his Tbeoiy of the moons motion ; that Mr. Flamsted'' would 
oommonicate none of his observations to him. 8'' Is. came to 
London, 1696. Halley mentiond a Calumny Flamstead raisd 
ag^ him for stealing 110 stars from him, & that Dr. Hare 
answerd that if it was true he knew of no law whereby to 
punish him for it 8'* Is. showd us the famous glass of Mr. 
Hngens,'^ 170 foot radius, which he had lately bought 

Mar. 10. I waited on 8'- Chr. Wren. 

The latter end of this month cold weather coming suddenly 
upon two or 3 days of excessive hot I was visited, afler two 

" Jamet Stanhope, fint Bmrl, born 1673; died ia London, 1731. Highlj 
difdagniabed ss m military roan, eipeciallj at the dege of Namor in 1S9S ; at 
tkt MCge of Barcelona in 1705 ; and at Port Mahon, which be oapcniedin 170S. 
He WBt appointed Secretary of State bj George I. ; Ambaaiador to Vienna in 
1714 ; Fine Lord of the Tteasnry, and Chanoellor of the Bzcheqner in 1717, 
wkieb be reliaqaitbed on b^ng created a Peer. — See BeeUiL, p. 97a. 

" Bomat Derby in 164S; died 1719. In 1669 be ealcabOed an edipee of 
the ran, which was to happen in the following year. Entered Jerat College, 
Cambridge. In 1674 he was appointed Astronomer Boyal, in which year he 
took Holy Orders. In 1675 the Koyal Greenwich Obserratory was commenced, 
and was called Flamstced Honse. It is said that Newton was indebted to bit 
lumr obeerrations for the means of carrying ont and Terifying bis discoTCiy of 
graTitation.— See Bretom, p. 402. 

'* Cbrittiaa Hnygens (son of Constantino H.« lord of Zoylicbem and Secva- 
taiy to the Prince of OrangeX was bom ia 1SS9; died 1S95. He was an 
Miintnt ■afhemitirisn, and pnblisbed, among other works* a treatise on Hcio- 
logy, ia which be descri b ed a newly invented pendalnm. In 1666 be gave an 
aeoout of bis disoorery of a satellite of Satam. Fellow of the R. a in 1661, 
and aflvwards a member of the Academy of Sciences, Paris. His **Ooemo- 
tbeofos» or IVeatise on the Plurality of Worlds,** was printed in 1696.— See 



jreart inUnniition, with the Goat, Ac [Hw Dr. qwaki of Um 
rotnodiot bo iitodj. 

Maj 26. I/- Pembroke gmvo mo tbo dimeniiofM of aooio 
Oreek Templet in Sicilj. He gmvo me Vilmriiit^ bj Jonta. 

June 5. I went to tee the Silk mmnufiictiire at Cbebqr. 

June IG. We diod at Oreenwicb with Jooea, Kirikall^ 
Highmor,** Ac Viaitod Dr. HaUey, Hare. 

June 24. Tlie Masons had a dinner at Sutiociert HaO, 
present, Doke of Montagoe, L^ Herbert, L^ Scanhope, S** And. 
Fountain,'^ Ac Dr. Deta^ien pronounced an oration. Tbo 
O^ M' Mr. Pain produc*d an oM MS. of the Cooftitatiooa** 
which be got in the Weat of Enghmd, 500 yean oM. He road 
over a new actt of articles lo be obterr'd. Tbo Doko of 
Montague cboae 0^ M'- next jrear. Dr. Beal, Deputj. 

July 15, 1721. At Holboch, John Butior mj tenant told 
me he dreamed Home time before, he saw Sam. Ho wet riding 
down Holbech Steeple ; the morning after came news of Howola 
taken ill, of which Mcknca^ be dy*d. Botlrr was taken ill tbaa 
day, A 1 conjectunl it would [be] fatal, which proT*d tmc A 
new weathercock nett upon Holbech Steeple. 

JuW 16. Went to \'tait L^ Pembroke, be made me a 
of bit picture by Wiaten,'* Diadplc of 8' Peter LoUy. 

ViuvviM follio TitffviriMi a 
AbiMK U ac H« «M gmJif m/kmtmi kf J«I«m 

ku TrtMlM om AfdiiiactM* it tWi ml aAiiilir. Uifiki* 
Tff—ilHi—^ •n, C-lallX ^HU tMm ^ Uigo Jcmm ; aoaOvOl'iL- 
p. IOCS. 

ItH : aiH litu. H« «M ekoMS mm ol Um fiiiliMWi ol tW B«jal 
M ito ffo«iid*tlom.— UN Bftfmm. fw UA, 

•* 8ir A. foMUftM. bum at KArfwd, XotMk : mi4 aiail ITSa. 

r H« ••dt A •olltcilM ol Mitigo^ m4 eartiiitii B« 4few ite 
fef tW wlfiMl lUwmiioM «• a«mt * M» •! A T^^** Ka%klei|f 

• A aafiy •# Um ifvl aad ImI p^« •# tlite Ma. !• tai mm •# 
€l Dffmwteft \m %km pammmkm •# Um lev. H. f. ti. 

teat. Maffila*^ 

W. STUKELEY, 1720. 65 

18 July. Mr. Grer. V. gucht & I went to S*' Albans where I 
finishM my drawing of the place.** At More park. 

20 July. Mr. S'* Andre & I dissected Mr. Roberts's Tortoise. 
This summer I went a 3 months Journey with Mr. Roger 

Gale into the West Came home the middle of Octo. 

21 March, 1719-20 I was present at College at the revisal 
of the Pharmacopasia. 

Nov. 30, 1721. Dr. Halley resigning his Place as Secretary 
to the Royal Society, I was sollicited by a great many members 
to stand Candidate to succeed him, but The President, Halley, 
Dr. Mead, & the whole Mathematical Party opposd me. I had 
27 voices, & 13 who had promised me did not appear, & thro' 
the great diligence of the contrary side & Indolence of my 
Friends, a great many that were brought thither only by my 
Interest were induced to vote against me: whereby we were 
outnumbered to the vast satisfaction & rejoycing of our 

opponents. Nee tam 

Turpo fuit vinci quam contendisse decorum. 

13 Deccmb. Went to sec Governor Yales sale of his 

Din'd with Count Marsigli,*' Founder of the University of 
Bolognia, & a great antiquar}% at S^' Hans Sloan.«, who showd 
us all hiH prodigious Cabinet, with us Dr. Steigerthal, Dr. 
Sherard, Mr. Le Neve Norroy & Mr. Roger Gale. 

14 Dec. L*"' Pembroke \nsited me to sec the Drawings of 
Sionhengc, Abuiy. 

20 Dec. Feast at College. Tessier, Real, Dod, & Self, 

* SeTen pen-and-ink sketches of different iiortions. external and internal, 
of the church, are in one of Stokelej's Volames of Drawings in the poasesiion 
of the Bev. H. F. St. John. 

" Count Louis Ferdinand Mamigli, an Italian Xataralist. was bom at 
Bologna in 163% ; died 1730. Served in the Imperial armj, and in 1683 wai 
taken prisoner bj the Tartars, who sold hira to the Turks. After his release he 
brcaoM a general, but was dismissed the service on the surrender of Brisach bj 
the Count d'Arco to the Duke of Burpindj. He then retired to his native 
town, where he formed a museum, and erected a printini; office. He founded 
the Academy of Arts and sciences there. He became a member of the Academ/ 
of Sciences, Paris, and Fellow of the R. S., and was the author of f«veral 
important works.— See Bert^m, p. 6U2. 

66 DIART. 

S7 Dec. We met at the FaanUio Tt. Stnnd A bj 
of Grand M'- present, Dr. Beal oonstitoted a new Lodge thm9f 
where I waa choae M'- 

14 Jan., 1721-2. At a qu'ly Meeting where Bro' Topping 
repeated 30 incoherent words either forwards or backwards er 
by stops after once liearing them. He is a M'* of meoKny 4 
can doe the like to a very much larger extent. 

12 Feb. 1 dissected k drew out the muscles from a prepare 
ing Body at the College. 

S Mar. EtchM the pUte of CroyUnd bridge.** 


March 14, 15, 16. I read my Lecture at College upon the 

Blarch 17. 1 etrhcd Holbech Cross. 

March 20. 1 drew the Ground plot of Carlisle k Cbcalar 
Cathedrals for Mr. Bruwn Willin. 

March 25. 1 etcluHl CoUu*rworth Church. 

May 18, 1722. Mr. Dav. Jones k I went to see oU Mr. 
Baxt'* ; among many curious Remarks of Antiquity, he ga^-^ at 
this translation of ill5w>pf» fa)>le, which he made once in walkii^y 
as a jest upon the danger of the church people. 

In ^Iflopi iittiAfli. 
Veaa cmUuimi c«m ▼cll«l iioiiA tetHM 

N«c poMtt iaU tndiur ma dolo 
AStmr ftkfli oof»*io mm^mmt immtitm 

Ea |ac«t in — dio Mm t«A cws iboo 
Dcrt^t b«< gXmndtm diftUa fvrtsw favills 

Et daaiat lle« Me« umis n4et aasi. 

May 23. 1 dinM at Siir;;i*«>nii Hall at the Anatomic Lectora. 

Mav 25. Met Duk** ol Qurn%lioro, I»rd Dunbarton, Hinchm* 

broke, 4ur., at Fount. T«t\ . I^id;*. to consider €)( Feast on S* Johaa. 

* Tbc mMrkabto ^inaAO^*'" ^f^df% mmtu4 htuwmm A.n. I: 
IS3H). at ihf point whm two •trraai*. cm froai thm Wellaad* Ua otiicr twvm the 
NcM. aaiird and aowd pmM, tlir mhkmj prattacU. Etaf E4«r |T , w^m 
taf Ua ablKA of C>ojlaa<i. «a)k««l tnm Ua •hkmj to Ua Wi4ea. aad 
tflibarifd for rulM>nnfav. AD 1«C9 lu pmcrraiiaa la prakaMj 
Maanc« Jobaaoa. for la tKc Itia Car Ikakcky adda a aaia thtH 
** brtaf tW mfmmrd of tlir Ik»*«w t^f Croylaad. c aai fl tW Cfwa ^i %km 
«a W •«« parad antli ftofic to aa^ it ffO« rvia "^aaa Mfy. 

Jwt^ l^eiatas aA LMMaia. aw. III., p^ 

W. STUK£LET, 1720. 67 

Jan. 2. With Mr. FUtcroft I went to survey the new buOd- 
ing of the Dormitory of Westm'* School. Thence to the top of 
the Scaffolding of the N. Isle of the Abby, & E. H. VII 
Chappel. We saw the vault, where 0. Cromwell was buryed, 
then openM. 

May 28. I went to see the Camp drawn out on the Kings 
birthday. They made 3 running fires the whole length which 
was very fine. 

Jun. I went to see the K. review the troops. At night 

B^' Hans Sloan, Mr. Rog. Gale, Mr. Warkhouse, I^Ir. Ja. Hill, & 
Doct'* Danny, made me a visit 

Jun. 14. The young Princesses dinM with S'* Hans Sloan. 
I breakfasted at Dr. Meads with the Duke of Sax Grothas 

Jun. 19. I view'd Dr. Woodwards'* Musaeum. 

July 2, 1722. I show'd Mr. Baxter my Supplement to the 
Pentingerian Tables. 

July 6. I drew the Gate of the Watling street next the 
Thames over ag** Stangate Fern-, Wcstm'* I observM the 
Thmcheon was stole out of the hand of the fine Statue of K. 
Ja. II before the banqnctting house. Sometime before they had 
stole one side of the Iron rails. 

July 11. I sat to Mr. Marchand cutting my Profile in basso 
relievo in Ivory. 

July 19. Mr. Ger. Vandergucht, Mr. Pine, & I, went upon 
8^ Pauls, & were afterwards in the New River Pond, which is 
cleaned from the mud the first time since S'* Hugh Middletons^ 

* Jolin Woodward, an eminent Phyiidan, born in Derbjihire in 1665 ; 
died in London in IHH, In 1692 he beaune Profeeeor of PhTtic at Greaham 
College. In IC95 Abp. TcniMm conferred on him the degree of M.D. He 
foonded the ProfeMor»hi|> of Geology at Cambridge in 1727 ; and bequeathed 
to the llonenm a collection of Englinh foMiIn. The foreign fonaiU were added 
afterwarda bj porchaae from Woodward's heim. — See JStrt^m, p. 1103. 

** 8ir Hugh lliddleton died about 1C40. He was a London goldsmith, who, 
cbicllj at his own cost, supplied London with pnre water, selecting the Chad- 
weU and Amwell springs at Ware, and forming what is known as the ** New 
Biver.** In acknowledgment of his serrices be was created a Baronet in 162 
I, p. 715. 


68 DUBT. 

Sept 17. I waited on the Bp. of Deny. 

Nor. 3. The Earl of Wtncbebea did me the honor of a 

The Duke of Wbartoo* k U- Dalkeith ristted oar Lodg. al 
the Fountain. 

Nor. 7. Order of the Book instituted. I din*d with Dr. 
Lockyer &c at the Chaplains table 8^ JamesV 

D*ec. 20. L'* WinchclAea ;^ve me a peioe of the SCooaa of 
Kits Cotj House k a great fossil Ojster shell from aboai Maid- 
ston. They find such in cleaving blocks of stone thereaboota. 
We went togetlier to lec S** Martins new Ch^^ His Lordah^ 
bought a couple of Roman bricks found there. 

Dec 28. I dinM with L^ HertfocxI introduced by lA 
Winchelsea. I made them both If embers of the Order of IIm 
Book or Roman Kni;;hthood. I saw a rery great pearl al tW 
Glass blowers, black lyon orer against Beanford boiUmga 
Strand, it was in an oyster shell, as big as a pigooos egg b«i 

Jan. 4, 1722-3. L^ Wincbebea k L^ Hartford booor*d mm 
with a ritit 

Jan. 24. Mr. Gordon gare me a risit; he sings al tW 
Opera;'' he has bet^n to view Arthun Ood k the Aotiqnitjt 
thereabout! ; be told me wlion at Capoa with S'* Geo. Bjnjf^ 
they sar*d the fim* Amphitheatre there, the 3rd in the worlds 

* Philliis Dvkc ol Wharuw (aos ol 
10 icm i %nd dica IB SpBis la 17J1. Hs vm ol a Taiwi»tHBf 
cbAHM^r. mmI !• de|Hcir<l hj P*^ in tbc Uttc. "^ WkMloa. Um 
of oar dftja." II i« cttmva^Mieet coapelWd hia lo 
l». I (MA. 

* M. M*niQ'»-intWFirl«t«. (Ie«ipi«d bj Ji 
6niftheU in 17^ Witbm it* charthfard lie* BoabilMC. tat 
tJird in i:*;i, ancl «b«Me f«»craJ mm ti— il>d by UofWf^ ^4 
r. Amtfkts UmJ., Vol V . |». ISa. 

" N«kcUj bM tCHMk bte |ca tbrcMifb * Mr. Ootdoa** m4 *bt 
the 0|«rm.** 

* Gfocf* BjM. 'V'laeDMt Tomaftoa. bom ia ISSS. 4M im. Be 
10 ibr Smwj m4 m I7M. «m cw— ador.ja^cbiof te lbs MUllMiasfi. 
h€ (IrfMirU lb* hfiMi*b Sivt otf M€t:f Ib 1721 bt wm tUmi la Iba ^Hi^st 
•>.il ftlurwartU ftftfioiAirtl Fine LofU ul tba A4fliiffattf . He wat Iba lalbsr el 
\l»€ •nf*irf«nat« bat brav* \«laiiral J«tbn !!/«§. vba wimm4m94 la ba ibal la 
1717.^?^ JftH^, PL jn7. 


W. STUKELET, 1720. 69 

which the (}ermaii8 were going to poll down to repair the fortifi- 
cadonsy by speaking to the Grovernor & Vice Roy at Naples. 

Mar. 14. After some vellications & preludes the Grout seiz'd 
upon my right foot in the bones of the Tarsus. I let blood & 
found it very much inflamM, & laid a Caustic upon the part, 
drinking much water & sugar & juice of lemon, fasting, & taking 
aloes every day. I made a crucial incision & causM an issue 
where the Caustic was laid. L^* Pembroke honorM me with a 
yisit to invite me to come to draw his famous Diana'' of the 
Ephesians new come home, a piece of most admirable Antiquity. 
He has now the three oldest Statues in the World, the Isis, the 
Jupiter Ammon*^ sett up in Thrace by Sesostris, & this Diana. 
He told me he had seen a body of a man petrifyM entirely by 
lying in a Spring in Italy which runs into the T^ber, it was in 
the Villa Pamfilia mention'd in Lassels. When the Spanish 
Embassador was present his Ldship saw an arm of it broke off 
for the Embassadors satisfaction & the bone was very visible 
the flesh petrify^d. My Lord broke off the end of a thumb & 
gave it to Mr. Charlton whose Collection came to S*^' H. Sloan. 

When I arose in the morning I found a slight touch as a pre- 
lude of the Qout in my great Toe of the left foot where it had 
been most frequently. But at night it went off, Fryday night 
or rather Saturday following, tho* I went ven* well to bed. 
About two a clock in the morning I wak*d with pain in my 
right instep where it never had been before, yet I walkM about 
that day, next morning Sunday at the same hour It renewM the 
attack in the same place with greater violence. When I gott up 

* The Bpbetian DUoa. The bodj of white marble, the extremities 
iMlored in black marble, the right arm nearly to the thoalder, the left from 
bdow tlie elbow, and both legi from below the kneet, restored.— ^Vyfri en 
the KiAm Hmu9 Seuiftures, hp C, T. Xenrtan, ytJL,, SalishMty IW. 0/ ArciUtol. 
/air., p. S69. 

* lliia tUtoey with a ram on hit thoalderB, it caUed Jopiter, bat ii rather 
that of Hermea Kriopboroa. It it an ancient imitation of an archaic ttatoe I 
■otft piobablj a eopj of the atatne bj Calamity dctcribed hj Pantaniat IX.. 2*^, 
aa oiaUag in bia time at Taaagra. Calamit wat a contemporary ef Phidiat, 
aad a ow ri abod BX. 440. Tbia atatae ia engraved bj Kennedy, who callt it 
iapiler, and aaja that it came from Thrace.— »ee C T. Newtpm^i Seulftmrtt ef 
VUfM Bmm^ te A ftolwry IW. H Arehm^L luM^ p. 209. 

70 DIAKY. 

I ordered xriox. of blood to bo Ukon awmj A took m good band- 
tome doM of alo« loU ai I bad done the daj before. I likewiao 
orderM a Canstio to bo Uud opoo ibe part bat it pror'd not atroiif 
eootigh k tcaroe made an etcar, however we dirided it bj a etom 
tection. Sunday nigbt I was in pain again, but on Muodaj the 
swelling was abated k pain gone. Mundar night I took an 
opiate draught so that I slept perfectly well k found no pain ; 
but on tuosday morning the Surgeon took a fancy to lay on a 
soap plaster upon the wound which pain*d me all day k nigbt k 
raised the inflammation higher so that it went to the Ust joint of 
the great toe of the right foot, pavMng by the great joynt, ita 
former rendexrous, which was now encompafts*d with it on both 
sides. The Swelling rose to a high degree eren from too to 
ancle, then I left off doing any thing at it, eat k drank flesh k 
wine, lay in bed two days. 

L^ Penbroke told me be had heard Dr. Tho. Millingtoo say 
that be was chamberfelk>w with Dr. Sydenham^ at Cambridg, 
that the latter was idle k never study *d, but went into tbe army 
having an Uncle there in a considerable |kx4 ; but in 3 years 
time be grew tir*d of that k took a renolution to study Phyaidu 
By this time be had entirely forgot hi<i latin, but recovered it 
again by obstinate reading of Cicero, translating it into Ellglisl^ 
k then into Latin, correcting it from the original, which at hsi 
brought him to that elegance k purity of Latin style for whieh 
his works are so justly admir*d as well an for their caraiy 
obsenratioos of nature. 

By advice of tbe Surgeon I hath*d my ftiot with oyl of t«r^ 
pentine k Rectif S|iirits of Wine which pruduc'd the gout im 
the other fooC Thi« went ttin>* the ^InAr stadium as the other 
till they were rrduc*d to an ei|uality k with M|ual pace by dej 
came to their (brmer slate which was* not iierfectly dooe in 
than 6 weeks. I was in a oonsideralilt* fever all the tioM, 
drought, my urioe very high oolorM 4 thick, to that I conjerturt 

liaMl fliTsictM. bom leH ; AM te 
l«if . Is IMt to ■alfii Msfdslsa BaII Osfot^ hm Ml wW« Ito tHj 
fn in mti for CWHw L Re w tm ^i i iOy r«i«ni«d lo tW CBivvnitj. ma ISs 
Doctor's Dsfrss. &mi moM Is Wmtimttmm. Hu vrvuoco oo tke 

W. STUKELKY, 1720. 71 

if I had taken the bark as before it would certainly have taken 
off thefitt 

I attribute it to the eastern wind, so vehement & cold for 
many days before, which stopt insensible perspiration. 

Apr. 18. I went to measure Csesars Camp on Hounslow 
heath with L**- Winchelsea & U- Hartford. 

At the end of 5 weeks exactly I first perceivM any real 
amendment of the Groat, but two days afler it began again in 
the right ancle. I bath'd it well with spirits of wine, the warm 
weather coming on. 

May 27. After I had walkM about a fortnight a swelling 
came again in the Right foot which rose almost as high as before 
bat without any pain & went away in a week. 

May 24. I took a sketch of Mr. Baxters picture & observed 
he looked ver}* ill having a considerable dropsy in his legs. He 
complainM too of difficulty of breathing ; on that day sennight 
he dy'd. 

He had just finished his 2^ Edit of Horace & was again set 
to work upon his Welsh Dictionary but left it at the letter H. 

June 14. After the right foot was well recovered, it returned 
into the left, & run thro* its former scene, swelling and pitting ; 
in about 10 days perfectly well. 

June 15. I saw Moses's fine diamond, 160 gr**, of a green 
cok>r, reconM the finest in the world, beyond Mr. Pitts. 

Sept. 30. At the half yearly Comitia of the College, I was 
desir'd to make a design of a plate for the letters of summons. 
I was nominated one by the president to look over the library. 

Oct 22. I saw the Comet thro* Mr. Grahams'' Telescope. 

Oct 27. Mr. Sheeles &, I walk*d to find out Caesars Camp 
about Sheperton. We discover*d three. 

Nor. 9. I walk*d alone to Watford Sic to find out Cassi- 
belins Town, which I discovered at Ricmansworth. 

* 0«or|re Graham, an coioent mechanic, born in Cumberland in 167ff ; died 
la London 1751 ; and boned in Westminster Abbey. He wat jonm«7man and 
WMtMor to Tompion, the noted clockmaker. He inT^nted aeTeral valuable 
aetrotiomical inatmmenta, and the great moral arch in Oreeuwich Obeerratory 
W9M divided bj hit own hand. He invented the Sector ; and waa a member oif 
tiM B. S.— See B^etmt, p. 4eO. 

7t DiAftT. 

Dec. 2. I dinM with the Alip. at Lambeth the fini time. 

Oct 4. I read my diacour^e of the Dorcheat amphitheat. ai 
the hodg. A, ddiverM to erery Bro'- a Copy. 

Di*c. G. I caM thr Amphitbi*ator in plaint, of paria. 

Dec. 20. I waA St€*ward with Dr. ToMier, Dod, Wliartoo. 
I brouj^ht a proof of the* drawin;:^ of the ( olle;r<** I made a 
ticket with Fato bono eventui liotio. 

This month, by iny metins^ L* Winchilnea k L^ Hartfofd 
came to the Antiquarian Society. 

I be^n to cut C«'«*Miri head in a piece of clialk. 

Four of my acn|uaintance <k myik'lf were attackd with the 
Qout on Chritttniaii day, all e»dp*d but Mr. CatteraL I pr»» 
vented it from comin^r to a fit 

Feb. 2C, 1723-4. I bad the IVinceftie» coromanda by mj L^ 
Hartford to send her a drawing of the CliappeP upon the bnd|rt 
which Her Hi;;l)n«'^ wan pleased withall, & onierM me to wait 
on Her with the* drawinpi cif Stonebrnge. 

Mar. 4. I publi«h*d my IxHiun* on tlie S|ilt«en. 

Mar. 8. I \\^ seizM aftiT dinner i»ith the goat, left Ibol. 
Next day I ftftcd nHMtly. Tuesday, Wedm^iMlay, k niaradaj I 
faiited mostly, e:itin^ only bnmd 6i rliee^, k drank two qitarta 
of water at \vtk^i (*a(*li ilny by very '^low degreen, making mtteli 
water again, riear, keeping my ^t«K*Ling ofl' 4 r\|M»<»ing my lr|t 
out of bcii c%'rrv niglit. (hi TliurMlay night I i)erceiv*d it fgf/i 
into my bead, m it cxmtiniied all friday, which made me lemwff 

" 7W cl»«|<l. dcilicAtctl to M THtHAM A lVcllH« vliick ftood «|0i iW 
CMC Mde at 01«| l^mtl.ifi llrid^. o«rr iht tetith or cmirml |«er. lu froM to 
the tcrr^ «a» :«) fc«t in trnin^. ••»<) *ik* «livitlr«l into thrtt coaif«rt»<titA, •! 
vhicb (h« rrnirftl t*t%r c^m'.mturtl m )mfffr «tn«l«f« at>«l tke tvu ollMri Iht 
ctiirmocrs fr«»« Uic Atrrtf t\tr itit«>ri<>r c«««iM«(ril r»f %n •|*f«r ciM|»l aa4 a 
cr7|4, Tbr Uitrr i»m alioyt 3u trtt bi^h. aimI Umd mi etilrmiKv trtmk tW rt««r, 
M wrU m frviQi tbr fucmrr Tliit cliAfvl «m iMV<t fur acrvior* to tW 
of tbc ftrfofVAti'in TK«> ftn Kit#rt nf thr rtrttlpr %nd CliftprI mm rt«T. C 
of M. IIm7 Colrrharrb. •! the •»mlh en«l u( «K«t is ft4»« Uincarf* AlWy. 
TbooiAft A IWck«^ h*il brm Im^him^I Thr work wm brfva m 1174. %md 
ia IJOa. Aa iVtrf <»l ( <*a«cli«irrli died in 1;SUS. W iMd Mt tlir MUttecttea af 
wrtBf hi« work oo«tf»lrtrd. In 1717 tht rl»^«-l (iHrw cAllrd CIm|«I llaaM) 
mm labAbiird bj ft Mr Vftldvya. or iW^dvjB. vbo. vbiW 
dtacvYcrtd tbr rtaAina ol tbr arf«kbiml •o^mmvi at tW 

c i^Af't i#Wm. Vol. I., f^ ;t-ai. 

W. STUKELET, 1720. 73 

off the water, only drinking a quart of milk as before, & same 
diet ; friday night I had violent pain all night long & no sleep, 
& in the morning it was very much inflamM & sore, so that I 
could scarce set it to the ground, yet did not pit. All Saturday 
I drank water again, so that by evening it was much mended, 
but my head was not perfectly right On Munday night I drank 
but 2 cups of Ale, & found it inflam'd my blood again ; but by 
drinking water I conquer'd it, & so continued mending. I found 
aU this while my water very clear as it had been some months 
before, & when stood a little while it smelt strong, like spirit of 
harts horn or sal-volatile, but now on tuesday I observed it 
began to thicken a little & smell fetid. I had regularly every 
day a stool nol loose, & sleep very well, perfectly free from 
pain, can walk pretty well, but not put my former shoes on. In 
3 weeks I could walk abroad very well, & was perfectly 

Apr. 2, 1724. The Speaker (Compton) in^nted me to spend 
some time with him in Sussex this summer, by Mr. Rog. Gale. 
Dr. Millington wrote much on generation, & much commended 
bat never could be persuaded to print it 

Ap. 12. I continued to drink water every day, by small 
quantitys at a time in morning, noon, aiVer dinner, & night, 
which kept the gout off, tho* I found every now Si then a ten- 
dency towards it After waking in the night, I perceived a 
constant inflammation of my blood, which went off soon after 
rising ; now & then after waking I found it, but a cup or two of 
water drove it off. I continued a pint of milk morning & even- 
ing, but I conjecture neater dos as well. 

Ap. 14. I attended all day at the house of Lords with 
Members of the College during the debates of the Pb3rsician8 
bilL Duke of Argyle** & L^ Hay were violently bent ag^ it, t 

ioha, 3d Duke, born 167S ; died 1743. He wm dkUnsiiiUhed m a 
aad a aoldicr. For hit efforts in farthering the onion of Rcotlnnd and 
IsflaDd, he WM created an Bnglieh Peer bj the title of Baron Chathem and 
Karl of Greenwich in 1705. He fought at Ramiliet, Oudenarde, and Malpla> 
qnet« *e. In 1716 he aopprcMed ** Mar*a Ridng** in Scotland with energy. Sir 
Bobi. Walpole depri?ed him of aereral of his oAoea, to which howerer he 
OB the fall of that miniater.— .0Mm, p. SS. 

74 DtAKT. 

D^glaciad no opportanilj of obstmcliiig it L^ Townieod* Mud, 
in relation to the Anatotnj clanae, that the mobb thow*di a 
mercifiil ditpotition in hindring dtMaetionn, k it ought to be 
encoura/lcM, L^ Carteret wonderM bow that clause was foialed 
into the bill, that it waa a subject not to be nara*d in the boose 
of Lords. L' Trevor s^ it was taking away a prerogatiTO of 
the Crown, for it might be the misfortune of a pemon of ooo* 
sideration to be convicted of capital crimes^ k then the King 
could not dispose of his body, upon which they rejected it The 
Bpa. said not one word all the time. The Duke of Montag«« 
went out of the hotise when there waa danger of a division, k 
came in again. 1/ Pembroke waa earnest for it. None spoka 
but L*- Trevor, 1/ Harcourt, k L^ Chancellor, k they very 
strenuously, & with great reason k judgmt^nL Dr. Eaton, (ibe 
Styptic Dr.,) petitioned to be beard ag' it. L^ Harcourt aakd 
him how it came alwut that he was not one of the College ; k 
he annwfrd that thert* was a misunderstanding between him k 
the College. Dr. F*n«*nd answerd that be was Censor then wbas 
be was eaamind, k that if there was any want of uoderstanding 
twas all on his tide. I found there was a general iodiffrrence aa 
to the bill in tk* whole lioune, k as to Anatomy all the fine thinga 
that might ha%'e btt-n Miid by anyone in itn favouri, were entiralj 
dn>p*d. TIk* L^ it M-ems wrre unwilling to trust any one witli 
power, k that the Pliy»icians, (the)* imagin*d,) had some sintaler 
end in it The Afiothecar} » insinuated we dkl not oodantaad 
druga. S' Hann Sloan otTerd to contend with them, 4 aayd hm 
would l»nng 54MI drug* tliat all the Apothecary^ in town aboiakl 
not know ofi<* of. L^ IMaware was Chairman of the Coa* 
tiiittee ; with mut*h dilHiulty k amendm* it iuimiiI. 

On fryday it ramt* again to the bouse of Omimon*, wbert bjr 
Mr. Hungerfbrds craft a new amendment ws» addcxl, via* tkal 

* (lisrlrtt. VtM>»«nt To«ii*kr«d. bom IS7C AtM IT^S A 
tW fr%gm at Q«rr« Aiiiir ; «Im» I» IImU of iht^w^*^ l« KU. 
MwifUrf. bst mkiim iiiaM«c« viili tW kisf isriistd «Imi W ram id iW 
ol kM OwsMii f«vo«ntc« s*«l SiiaCnaHS. Tm s alMirt vliik W wwm 
UwHr^ssf t4 trrUm-l la 1777 LoH T wiwafd w«« vrltpMvl hj a*f 
Wa1|«»I« : sa4 Im* iImw mir«^ to RaimIma. NuHmU, * Hr l«ft oakr." 
LseJ MsIma. *- vitli s ■m«i ■•W«misW4 tk^feim, m4, vbst Is «U1 Isss 

W. STUKSUBT, 1720. 75 

it should be in foroe no longer than 3 year. I had like to have 
brought the gout into the tarsus of the right foot again, with 
standing so long. 

Nov. 1. We opend the body of a woman 10 weeks before 
she was to lye in, Mr. Sayer Surgeon & Mr. Prude Apoth. 

Nov 12. I viewd the moon thro' ^Ir. Hadleys** reflecting 
telescope which brings her fac« to be about 1100 miles distant 

The Abp. of Cant sent some prints of mine of the ro. pharos 
at Dover Castle to Monsieur Monfaucon.'^ 

Nov. 29. I walkd with Mr. Sheels & Catterall to Muswell 
hill to find out the hermen Street I judg it goes by Southend, 
& so between Bamet & Enfield, thro' the chase, to Hartford. 

Dec. 5. The gout came into my right scapula for 2 days ; it 
rowl'd about from place to place, sometime in the head where it 
cans'd a pain for a whole day & night, sometime in the stomach 
with a sourness, belching, &c, but I kept it out of my foot tho' 
it was very indinabl to come into my left great toe. 

I first thought of making a clavichord with Jews trumps 
instead of strings. 

Dec 6. As I was at dinner the gout fell into my left great 
toe. I perceiv, most evidently, that it has an exacerbation every 
other day, but later & later, & this toward the evening. I found 
this returned thrice. Now not to stop this by my method I con- 
cluded would be just as senseless as not to use the bark in the 
like fits of a real ague. In a weeks time the gout was wholly 
gone. I drank no strong liquor, eat moderately, twice a day I 
had milk, found no uneasiness whatever but was verv well. I 
obser\'d my urine did not smell so much like sal volatile as 
before, but more stinking & had somewhat more sediment I 
was not loos in body but as ordinarily. 

^ John Hadlej, the reputed ioTentor of the Sextant, died in 1744. He wm 
OB intimate terms with Sir lanae Kewton, and it ii generaUj believed that he 
bonowed the idea of thit inttrnment from that great man.— BeeUm^ p. 476. 

" Bernard dc Montfaacon, bom at Sonlage, Langaedoc, in 1656 ; died at 
Parif in 1741. He began life in the armj, which he qoitted on the death of hit 
parenu, and entered the Benedictine Conrent of St. Ifaor in 1676. In 169S he 
fisited Home, and in 1702 publiabed an aooonnt of hit joomej. After this be 
vfQla maaj works leplcCa with crvditloBd— BmCmi, p. 729. 

76 DIAKT. 

Dee. M. Tetterdmy k til nigbt I eooid not help thinkiiig ef 
B'* Nichi restrmnge, wbot boot I had beo el about 10 jtt mg^ 
k this wtthoat any manner of p^rkras ooaiaoo. L^ Wtnchilaea 
carryd me to dine with L^ Haitfocxl k the minote we came there 
we wer told of hit death. It wat an odd k an oteiett preia|te 
to my tpprehention, k whtt I ean*t help being torprixM tt Mj 
lidy Htrtford pretent^ my book of the Amphitheat of Dor ch ee C 
to the Princett. 

Jtn. 31, 1724-5. I retolrM to leare off wigt k wear my 
own hair. 

Jan. 13. I ttw tt Dr. Meadt tome fottik tent from Oxford- 
thire by Mr. Wttte, comoa ammonia tqoeex*d fltt, bonet dog op 
12 f. deep, tome human fingert, comoa ammonia, large, takes 
in tolid ttone of great thickneat, no fltw ritible, k many beiem* 
nitet call'd thonderboitt by the vulgar. 

Feb. 24. The gout hat been flying tbont me thit week, it 
cornea into the bonet of the right loot ; it maket no pain but tooM 
oneattnett in walking, k that chiefly in the morning, for it goea 
oflT in the day time. I ply it ttootly with drinking water k 
am pretty abitemiout. 

Mar. 15. To morrow being the annirertary return of the 
gout it teii*d me to night in the head ; it lasted all night Neit 
day I walk*d all morning, rid all the afternoon ; it comet now k 
then at a rioient cramp in the right tanut, sometime at a crick 
in the neck, for that I can plainly peroetire a poiaoci ruaiitag 
about mei 

Ap. 2, 1725. Mr. Pacey intiwioc'd me to L^ MacdcafteU, 
lo whom I pretented my book of Itinerar. curioa. Cent L 

May 5. I went to m« the room at Crarm house, first wai»* 
tcotted with the new artificial marble, with Mr. Steph. Halea. 

May 19. I pr et en ted the Piinciett with my Itinerarium. 

May 22. In my Kentith joumer, tAer hotting the blood I 
found a pain in my ankle which erery day grew worse till I 
eouU not walk ; but at tnddenly ceaad upon applieation of asy 

Kov. 8. I went lo see the three young lyont al the tower 
lately btougbt forth there ; they toMrl, (at I may call it,) like a 
eat» 4 Ikal ooutiiiually , k thtir actiaut aiu muah liko a eala, tiwy 

W. STUKKLBT, 1720. 77 

dimb up chain, hangings, Ac ; there were 4 but one dyM ; 
three la»t year but dead 

Dec. 24. The gout wakd me at 2 in the morning in the left 
foot, but my usual remedy removd it in a day or twa 

Whilst I lived in London for 9 years together, in the flourish- 
ing time of my life, I had the greatest intimacy with Thomas L^ 
Pembroke, Heneage Earl of Winohelsea, S'* Isaac Newton, Dr. 
HaUey, Mead, S'* Hans Sloan, L^ Oxford, James West, John 
Bridges, D. of Argyle, Tom Rawlinson, Dr. Friend, Dr. Arbuth- 
not. Dr. Morton, Dr. Walt'- Harris, S'* Godfrey Eneller, & in 
short with the whole sett of learned men & Vertuoso^s, w*^ at 
that time abounded, & by having recourse to their librarys I 
arrived to a considerable degree of knowledg & equal reputation. 

At the end of 1725 an irresistible impulse seized my mind to 
leave the Town. It began whilst I was at Newcastle with Mr. 
Gale, strongly impressed on my mind as I returned at Grantham, 
viewing the milky way one night. In country retirement & 
hours of contemplation (being always of a religious turn), I 
resolved to take upon me the sacerdotal character, & very soon 
met with good preferment Then for 20 years together I 
employed all my &cultys, & all the skill I had obtained in antient 
learning, in going to the sourse of religious antiquitys ; t the 
harvest resulting therefrom, such as it is, is immense. But all 
this while that I lived in the country what I knew was intirely 
to my self, no one person conversM with me in that way, or had 
any regard toward it ; till at length Providence brought me to 
an intimacy with the Duke of Montagu, who, tho* no scholar 
himself, had a fine genius, & entertain^ Uie greatest opinion of 
me in the world, & took the first opportunity to bring me to 
Town again. He dyM 5 July, 1749. But the same Providence 
left me not destitute of a great t good b^ so much the more 
agreeable to my mind, as being of the softer sex, for from that 
time it was brought about by steps that I became a4y|uainted 

Jan. 2, 1725-6. My left ear Ued. I find that drinking 
warm water in a morning has taken away the belching I usM to 
have in a morning afler breakfast, & eructations. This December 
I throMy resolvd to goe into the country to live, t boo^t a 

78 OlAAT. 

bouae at Ormnthamy fiodiog no porpoae io life can be antwwd 
bj mj tUj in London ; but ttudv, k too dote attach nMfnt to thai, 
had like to have thrown me into hjpoehoDdriaciam. 

Ap. 1, 1726. Returning out of the Country I paid a vtiit Io 
S'* Iiaac Newton. He abowd me his new edition of hia Priii- 
cipia not yet publisbd ; be informed me be waa bom chriatmaa 
day 1642. We bad some discourse about SoloaK>ns temple of 
which he had formerly made the plan ; he says it waa older than 
any great heathen temples ; that Seaostris from heooe made bk 
templea in Egypt, one in each Nomus, k that from thence the 
Greeks made theirs k borrow *d their religion. 

Ap. 15. I din*d with him at his Lodgings alone, at Or bela 
buildings Kensington ; his breakfast is orange peel boild in 
water, which he thinks diseoWcA Flegm, k bmd 4 butter ; be 
drinks more water now than formerly, ria'- morning k night. 
He thinks the body of Europe was peopled first by those from 
the north of the Euxin Sea, k the same as peopled Ameriea, 
rude k barbarous, without houses^ or religion, trarelling in carta 
as the Scythians k tartar*, k such they properly were. Of tliea 
were the first inbabitantu of Brittan ; in aflertimes when the 
Pastors were ejected Egypt in great numbers some went tu 8yria« 
to Greece, to Mauritania, to Spain, Italy, Ac., under the eondnct 
of the Egyptian Hercules, who paaed the Straits, built Carteiay 
Cadix, k was thence calld Melcartos, 4 this man first found the 
tyn trade to Brittan. Tbes people dviliad 

Apr. nltimodie, 1726. I wak*d in the morning with a pain 
in the parotid glandu, which in the daytime extended to the 
right cheek bone, it was some hindrance to me in eating ; it 
tinu*d for 2 or 3 days, then fell upon the right eyebrow, 4 ini 
canthus of that eyr, k hail a mn of fit« rrtuming e\^ry day. 

May 3. It was exceeding [lainful in that part, made the skisi 
sore, 4 my eye to run, coming to a violent fit in the night time; 
in the morning 1 found thr gout lodgd in the ball of my right 
fooC That day I arcompanyed 1/ Hartfocd 4 L^ \Vtnel»akeal* 
risit L^ Colrain, where I put my foot into the Canal, when it 
went out of my fooC« then my bead ached« but I could 
walk. All thes 2 or 3 days my nuse ran with a biuudy 
r, as if tlwrs had been an apn u h e wie . This happend 

W. STUKBLBY, 1720. 79 

I had been ill of a cold 3 weeks, coming out of Lincolnshire into 
London. This return of the gout was nearly to a day anni- 
▼ersaiyy for it seizd me in Kent last year in ihe beginning of 

May 4. I began at night with my usual remedy, finding 
distinctly that it was gout ; the wind has been east for some time. 
I put my foot out of bed all night, and put it into cold water 
several times a day & wear no stocking on, at home, for I take 
it that warmth creates the pain, it raryfys the humor & makes it 
open the minutest vessels. Otherwise it fills only the larger, 
swelling the part, but without much pain, bee* the circulation is 
carryed on thro* the larger vessels not much interrupted, for two 
days, 5, 6. I rode out on the 6^ all day long, as far as Caes. 
CSamp on hounslowheath, & eat nothing. I was much fatigud & 
went to bed, & sweat much in the night, & slept pretty well, 
having very little pain, foot somewhat better. If I had been 
blooded & taken physic, when I was first taken ill, in all proba- 
bility I should have prevented the fit The sixth day I could 
begin to put my foot into my former shoe, & walkd out, the 
effect of my remedy showing itself at this time sudden &. sur- 
prizing. I us*d it in the night as well as day, >iz'* water. The 
10^ day firom the first seizing of the gout I was pfectly well in 
all respects, & that day I had a gentle looseness. 

Happy are tliose who have passed thro* life without any 
signal unhappiness. At my first setting out, my Fa^* dying 
young, left me a good many troubles to struggle with, hy 
patience & perseverance in a private manner I overcame them ; 
but this took off that youthful sp** w*^* prompts to ambitious 
views & made me indifferent to a lucrative profession, w^* w^* 
certainly have loaded me with the profits & the honors attending 
it Now I have lived to see only 3 in the catalogue of fellows of 
the College of Physicians before me ; not so many in the Royal 
Society ; & yet as to vigor of mind &, body not declined. But 
whilst I avoided the parade of business, Sl that obj^tinately, ag** 
the persuasions of many & powerful fr^', my love to learning 
engagM me into the si^-eets of a contemplative life. I thoroughly 
preferM wisdom to riches. 

I have all my life long perceived that Providence favor*d my 

80 DUftT. 

resolatioiL I began ehiklbood with a lova to drawing, & exer- 
died it in praottae ooatanuallr. Antiqaitr-atiidjt toon got an 
aaoendancj in mj fanej, thinking wiidom was the product of 
former dajty k tbenoe to be recoTcr'd. 

I renBov'd to London at 29 jear« of age, neither for pieaattre 
nor profit, but that I might indulge mr propenattj to atodj. I 
immediately waa instrumental in founding the Antiquarian 
Society. I trarel'd all the summers alone, except i jears out of 
9, when I accompanyed Mr. RogiT Gale, k filPd my mind with 
Brittish k Roman Antiquitys in our own country. 

In June, 1740, I went to yisit Mr. Roger Oale, at Scrutoo, 
for a fortnight; Roseberry to|»ping in full yiew from my bed 
chamber, miriam there. 

May, 1747. I finishd my temple of Flora, k put up an 
Inscription out of Cowley, looking on my«elf as buryed in life. 
I went to Uffington k saw the fine elm«, |>huited by my grsndP*, 
cutting down by Mr. Bertie : which gaye me much grief. 

June 11. I re&l the first Icr from Mr. Bertram st Topeo- 
hagen, a stranger to me. I answered it, k it produced Richard 
of (*irencesters inyaluable M8. I wonder 'd at the meaning of 
his finding me out in obscurity. 

June IS. I refd a I2r from Kimneily' invitin:; me to a»Msl 
him in putting out the medaU of ( *aniuMu«. I answrr*d him, that 
tho* I looked upon myself as out of the world, Vft I w^ asiasi 
him ; & as a specimen tent him a large proem to that work. 
Since I came to London he gave me the Icr again, ntmplrd 4 
torn, with some anger ; for I know not what : unless that I w^ 
Dol agrre with him in decrying I>r. Meads coin of Oriuna. 

I projected the manner of my interment, if I dyed at Staro* 
fonl, k made a drawing of it. 

July & Dr. Mason, from (*ambridgf>, M*nt me sn impraMNi 
of a seal of a Druid* head. The Re\^ Mr. <Hrcn, of IVkworth, 
•ays there is a canred slonr of a Dnikln bead in the i4e of 
Angkaea axaeUy like that ol the »eaL 

J«te KcMMilj, s HOB/Uk fliy*iciMi. dmi m I ;cii. Hs 

7«Sfm. sa4 kmd ft taImaU* CMUrrli«>« d ptctsrv* *»4 cvhm. mkHk 

W. STUKELEY, 1720. 81 

Aug. 8. ReSd a very complaisant ler from the Duke of 
Monta^y earnestly inviting me to Boughton. 

Aug. 10. Reed a most polite ler, in latin, from Mr. Gram, 
at Copenhagen. 

Aug. 31. Dy'd our favorite Cat, Tit, it my gardener burj-d 
her in Rosamunds bower, the pleasantest part in my garden, w^' 
gave me a great distaste to it 

Sept. 14. I went to Boughton. The Duke was somewhat 
displeased at my delay. He went to London 2 days after, & at 
parting asked me kindly if I sh*** not come to Town this winter. 
I answer*d I had no thoughts of it, nor of ever coming thither 
again : little dreaming that Providence was about calling mc 
thither for life. 

Oct. 25. Dr. Green'* <lyod, my prc<lecessor in S. Georges. 

Oct 31. I reed a ler from Mr. Reynardson, Ormund Street, 
acquainting me with the death of Dr. Grt»en, rector of this 
parish: intimating my asking it of the Duke of Montagu, but I 
declin'd any thought about it. 

Nov. 14. I reed a long ler irom D. of Montagu of 2 sheets 
of paper, offering me S. George's Living. 

I waited on the Duke at Jjondon, k reed the presentation. 
Whilst in Town I endeavourM Vj save my kifchin gardtn at 
Stamford w*** Noel long'd for, &, got from me: w^' contributed a 
good deal to my distaste of Stamford. 

Feb. 3, 1748. I came to live in niv rectorv house, London. 

As soon as I came to Town my !?'"' dropt oft* as 1 thought 
precipitately. The Bp. of Ely*^that week ; Mr. Neal (»f Bedford 
Kow; 5 July, 1748, Couneellor Stukeley. 

April, 17.51). I printed my disc, on earthquakes. 

About August dy*d a cloud of my acquaintance. Dr. Middleton 
of Cambridg, Tom Gonlon, L'* Pembroke, Duke of Richmond,^' 
Dr. Broxholni. 

* Dr. TbooiAc Orecni*. 

* Robert Botts. D.D.. BUhopof Norwich. noraiaat«Hi to E1j,2r* Majr. I7:(S ; 
ilied ftt Elj Honw. Holborn, 'J€» January. 1747-8. 

" Charlef. Doke of Richmond, wafi create<l M.D. at CatnbriJjrc (Comitiin 

Kepi*), in 172S. Elected Kcllow of College of rhjr»icians 172S. but nut 

Bciaallj admittad aotU 1729 ; died 8 Maj, I7i>0.— J/iriiA*« HoHofthe Cmitr^r -f 

Pkpwitimmi, Vol. ii.. p. 116. 

82 niART. 

In 1750 Dr. Mead bought the coin of ORIYKA,^ gmve it to the 
K. of France before I saw it. Having ever a particular rejpard 
to Carausiua it ;rnev*d me. 4 Sept. I got a poor drawing of tlie 
coin of Dr. Kenne<lv ; tli«» 9 a Ix^tter from Mr. Carmv ; liot I 
rested not till wr obtainM a fine engraving of it from Mona' de 
Bozc who kept the ro\al cabinet of France. Kenne<ly |Minled 
hi9 awkward pie<*e al»«>iit tlut coin ; but about thi<i time I tiim*d 
my thoughts tou* I'araui^iiiv 

1750, Oct' M. riMuovM from her houne in Lincoln!! inn firkk 
to New Ih>nd Stnvt. Mrn. Jone« lived in it till Michnuu ; then 
Mr. Wat'ion, A|h»thtrarv. t<Hik it, 

Nov' 3. I purrliaMl Mr. I{oopi*n stable to make into a 
Library. Put my diM*. on Harthquake^ to the pre«s, a :^ fditioii, 
with I*art IL 

April 23, 1751. Mr. John Foote fimt visited me tu talk akool 
coin* of Camu^in*. !Ie cavo tne direction wliere to find him at 
Mrs. IVirs4m*, Nfw lUmd Street. 

M:iv. I l«MikM ovcT niv inriiioir^ of Caramuus. 

25 .May, IT.'il. I n-^hfmM the prints of (tenc^jrien ri»itia of 
Caniu*iu'» from tin- I*«>*t titfiie %v* Mon«' de Itoze ha«i srtil to 
KenninU . I umt in that month to liquid Stn*«*t to inipiin*. 

Jun«* 2<». Vi»iti"«l Mr. Snllrr. I^M>k*d ovtT his coins, Ac. 

I walkM to th<* t h'l of IU>iid f»tre«*t. next riccadillv. l» find 
out Mr. K«»olr. wjlh«»iii •iirri'«%. Some time aftc*r wrnt to tht 
cmIht vud oftli*- »tnft. iM'Xt Uxfonl road. Alter a p"«l deal of 
iii(|iiirv I found Mr*. I*«ir*«»n*. 

In *uiiim«T, 1751, at ni\ ••anu**t re«|iif«t. Dr. M«*ail wmle to 
Mon'»' lie Uo/r for an rii;;r4\in;; of oaiV!(A. AUtut Nov* we 
Tvxil ih«* IMal<*. 

At Dr. M«*i.U f.H|ii«*r I \%rotr my di«««-rtation «hi oat\'!CA. 
He ria»l it A hktnl it i \tr.iinl\ ; ntiiniM it to me in Oet. 

10 I^f., n* •! tin- fir^t lir fn»m M*ki«' de Ii«»ie. 

TIh- iM'H *t\ !«• \«-ar. 

1 hati waittxl on Mr. K«M»t«* niorr ti an once in New llond 
Stn*ft ; hi* «i«ttT tiiad«* «^»fr«*e tor u». W'v talkd aUmt matim 
of lil«Tature. I, at an«»tlHr vi*it, |vniientol to hi^ my itouk of 

* For Mttkrlrj • crr«f rrlmtttkg la Ilia tvttdtiif oaiVHA !«€ PUOTWa, Ma 

W. STUKELET, 1720. 83 

earthquakes. We talkd about astronomy, when I perceived in 
her library an Orrery. 

Waiting on Mr. Foote one afternoon, her coach at the door, 
t he not being at home, she ofFer'd to carry me homew^' as she 
was going into Ormond street, to Mrs. Pennyman ; I accepted 
of it, & she promised me the favor of a visit. 

12 Feb., 1752. Dr. Mead gave me the plate of orivna to 
take impressions from, and I put my disc, on it to the press. 

8 May. I puUishM my discourse, w**- being approved of, both 
at home & abroad, I was induced to think of the medallic history 
of Caraosius. When Mens'- de Boze was acquainted with such 
my intentions he promised to give me Dr. Genebriers 6 plates of 
those coins. 

May 12, 1752. Da'- Frances & I rode to Mr. Collinson's^ at 
Mill hill, to see his garden. 

Aug. 14. She visited me. I had been to Homsey to visit 
Mr. Tyrwhit, Dr. Lightfoots. 

Octob. Monsieur de Boze sent over the plate of ORrvKA. 

Dec'* 10. I reed a Icr from Monsieur de Boze about Dr. 
Mead. I left my treatis«e on orivna with Dr. Mead to peruse. 
He told me he had read it all over, & very much approved of it. 

6 June, 1752. Dr. Duoarel went to France. The boil in 
my gum. 

July 10. Da'* Frances & I rode to visit Mr. Collinsons at 
Mill hill, an infinite sight of rare flowers. 

July 18. Da'- Franct^s, Mrs. Allen, & I, went to the physic 
garden, Chelsea. 

26 July. Mr. Hitches k Fleming visited me. 29, the treaty 
commenced. 4 Aug., concluded on. 

In Aug. M. caird on me, but not at home. 

20 Aug. I received them (six Plates of Coins of Carausius) 
by Dr. Ducarel,** but he had the year prece<ling recommended me 

* Peter Colltnion, of Hafrnl Hall, near Windermere Lake, in the |>arifth of 
StaTeley, Westmereland. Whi1»t a roath he heiran to form a herbariam. 
FeUow of R.8. 172S ; and of Societj of Antiqoariet 1737. He had an intimate 
friendship with l.inn«as. ** He wa« an infrenioos botaniitt. whope re*f arches 
in Katnral History hare immortalised his name.** Died 176S, aged 75. — 
•VirMf*^ Litermty AMcdeitM, Vol. ii., p. S9. 

** Andrew Cdtee Dncarel, born 1718 ; edncatad at Eton, and 8. John's 

84 DUIIT. 

to If r. Foote, rector of Foxal, in Staffbrdthire, wiio bad a eoo* 
siderable collection of Coins of that Emp'* Tba Dr. aet oat 10^ 
of that month for France, k carrred mj Kr to Moni'* de Boa«. 

On mjr firnt interview with M. we ditcort*d on mj book of 
the pbiloaophjr of earthquakes. I promtted to p'lenl one to her| 
w^ I did next meeting, k finding her of a philoAophicml geniua I 
entertained an opinion of her. 

Mr. Foote calPd on me br Dr. Dacarelt direction k ga^e me 
a direction where he lodged, but not preciM enough. He brooglil 
me Begen Tbeiaunu Bridenb. 

Mrs. Fleming brought me home in her coach. Mrt. Flemifift 
viiiited me ; drank tea in my dining room. Mre. RichdaA there 
July 1752. 

Mr. Fleming addressed bimnelf to my eMest da' At the end 
of the year they were marr^-ed. 

In July, 1752, I went to inquire for Mr. Foole, in Bond 
Street, but at the end next Picadilly, 90 witboot a o cot iL 
Another day I found out the place of hit reiodence. 

25 Aug. She [da' Frances] k I rode to Basingstoke to rmt 
a benefactreaa.^ 

S Xor' 1752. Miriam*! birtbtlav. Wife, da' k I drank Ics 
with Mr. Fleming, in hi« chamber, Clement* inn, in treaty of 
intermarriage. I got the fine ei>lliTtion of Mr. Nelea antrtm* 
omiral printa. Mr. Fleming ga%'«* me great pleaaore in lii« 
generouA conceaaion in regard to i«ttlement 

14 Not. Settled the jointure. 

Dec. 29, 1752. I firnt %iew*d hi«« TMr. Footea] mlleetiofi eT 
coins [of Carausiittii]. Hi* sister, Mn^ Peirson, gare ns a dish 
of coffee the 2d time. The same day Mr. k Mrs. Fleming iiHMie 
me the first visit of ceremonv. 


Coll^vn, Oxford ; LL.D. I74S ; Ptllov ai Xoetctj ol Amtt ^ mtnm, ITS* . faOev 

of Rnjal Knci«tj. I7€l ; UbcmrtAfi At IjMKbnfe. •»«lrf ArrbbMlki^ H«ft«i. ITST. 

He tr»v«IM tntli la«»tl OaW. Kaq , f%*f iIm pmtpome ol tfioif 

•oU a»4 lolorwi. TWj ooMUatij u»uk villi tWai *CiM<iiis 

mm4 a Mt ol aa^ DveoftI pobliokod bmoj mrnkm. Ho 4iod at 

bctk is liaa. tkrm dayo ofur a ymmff loto Ktot« vImio bo ktl4 a 

m Ottdol ol CMiorbvj -«V#« Otm, M^. IkH^ bj H. J fto». liilui. iaa% 

W. STUKELKT, 1720. 85 

1753, 13 January. I reed the triumvirate coin of Caraosius 
of Mr. Gray, upon which I began to ingrave. 

16 Jan. Drank coffee with Miria. Mr. Foote showed me 
the brass Roman frame found at Silchester, &, opened the inscrip- 
tion to Hercules to w^ it belongs. 

22 Jan. Dr. Mead gave me his Coins of Carausius to ingrave. 
I sent my first plate, the VII of Coins of Carausius, to ingrave. 
fiecd a Icr of being appointed one of S'* Hans Sloans trustees. 
Bought the analecta of the Leipsic Society, wherein a dissertation 
on Carausius. 

12 Feb., reed the first plate ingraven. 

14 Feb., drank coffee in Bond Street with Phut & Miriam, 
drew out the inscription of Hercules. 

2 Apr., reed a Icr from Mr. Foote at Boughton. 

7 Apr. Mr. Foote lent me 37 Coins of Caniusius to ingrave, 
his sister made coffee. 

5 June, reed a Icr from Mr. Foote at Uffon Court. 

Wbitsun Munday, June 11, returned to Mr. Foote his 37 
Coins. He show'd me some Roman brass instruments, drank 
coffee with his sister. He gave me II Coins more. 

25 June, Munday, drank coffee with Miriam. She lent mo 
some coins again, w^- Mr. Foote let me have, & I had returned 
to his sister. 

7 July, reed the first billet from Miriam about her brother's 

Aug. 3. Mrs. Peirson visited nie. I showM her many 

Sept. 21. My wife, I, k dsJ' Anna visited Mrs. Peirson. I 
wrote the verses to Mr. Foote which were afterward printed in 
the Inspector. 

3 Nov'* Miriam's birthdav. Mr. Parr\' made me a visit & 
informed me of the Druid Celt< dug up at Kew. The fortunate 
occasion of introducing me to the Princess of Wales. 

Tuesday mom., Nov. 13. Reed a billet from Miria about 
her brothers coins. Her wedd. day, k then commenced the 
intellectual attraction. 

Nov. 2H. Visited M. in the morning, in her dn«»ing room : 
drank cotlbe. 

86 DUIIT. 

LeU^ to Miriam (Afrg, Peirmm^ mitUr €f Bm, Mr. FoeUi)^ 

2 Oct., 1754. 

Philostratus, in the life of Apolloniat lyatUBOft, % mod 
faroouji philojiopher who IIvihI io the timos of Christlmnitj, be 
writes it wms the opinion of Apolloniai that it became a wue man 
k a philotopher to deceive the world. 

This, dear Miriam, •eems to want explication. I am fiir 
from thinking Apollonius meant anything immoral in it He 
intended only that the actions of a wise man ought to be to coo* 
ducted as to be as much out of »i;;ht k the understanding of the 
Vulgar, as the thoughts k ideas of his mind are superior to 
theirs. They are not capable of rightly judging of things ; there- 
fore we are not to lye ofien to their silly reflections 4 seotimeota. 

Tliis is what I call human prudence; what Statesmen call 
politickn. I shall illustrate A|M>llonius*s doctrine by one instance. 
Your iK*netration will readily m*<* more. The phikHophers of 
Greece* were much too wise to enter intirely into the popular 
iheolog}*, the ridiculous idolatr}* of the heathen world among 
whom thev li%'ed, k therefurt* mu^tt mvds conceal their real senti- 
ments tliercon. The want of tliis caution caus*d Socrates*s 

I am sen!iible your pMid nature has prejudiced you in fa%or of 
me, & I am N> ha(>|>y as to enjoy your good o|iinion. In rrtam 
I can truly say my respect for you, who art* endow *d with so 
many excellent qualitys, ^ith m great a lore for learning, is in 
no wifK) infc^rior. I ei»te«*ni yoti intinit(*ly sliuve all my aef|aain* 
tancc of either sex. Tht« mutiul kindnr%« tlio* a« distant fn*m 
any thin;; culfiaMe as thr |H»les of lK*%-en an* frd each other, stil 
rcf|uin^ that |»nulenr, ne an* talking of, k ^brn I re^gn my 
share* of it to your din*ct»4»n, I am cunfitlent no evil, ocn 
imaginary, can eosoe. 

\\v an* U>th of yean» of mature dificrrti<in, k when I refleti 
on tin- dalc*^ of tin* chief €-\fnt* of our lives I discern an extra- 
onlinary conm-dion in our Fat«*«, a« we n»ay #|irak in the vulgar 
nianncT. S> that ^r can justly say with Horace, ia regard to 
hi« great fr^ 4 Patron Mecvnas : 

W. STUKELBYy 1720. 87 

Both our reigning stars agree in a wonderful manner. [For 
instance, 3 Nov'- is your birthday, the 7 is mine. On the day 
of your Auspicious birth I hapned to buy Gibsons Camdens 
Britannia, having imbib'd just then a strong propensity to the]* 
Study of my Country Antiquitys, & particularly began to enter- 
tain thoughts of collecting coins & materials for the history of 
Carausius, as if Providence had then ordcrd that, in the course 
of revolving years, that very topic of study [sh*** be the occasion 
of introducing me to the acquaintance of your Ladyship in whose 
fT**shp I repose a great happiness of my life.] 

13 Sep., 1725. I took a drawing of Mr. Gales seat at 
Scniton, & distant view of Hosebury topping. I was then seated 
in Stamford, in the sacerdotal character, marryod. That year, 
in the spring, took a draw*^- of S*^- Rich. Ellys unique, bijugato 
coin of Carausius, the first then known. I made my view of the 
grand inner court of Solomons temple in a book. Prince of 
Orance marrvd. Tlie 3Iav bushes that v<*ar a month fonvarder 
than usual. In Auff. Dr. Kennodv visited me. I ffave him 
many coins of Carausius, he pretending that he w'*- engrave them, 
whilst I wrote the history*. In the >ame month of Auor** I was 
extremely intent on sacriHl antiquitys, Solomons Temple; found 
out the manner of the Shechinah, iV of the breastplate of Aaron. 
I projected my book of Divi Britanici wh I bound up in Nov. 
At this time, k in the s:une month of Aug., I was visited by 
Mr. Peck,' the antiquary ; Dr. Kennetly ; 3Ir. W.^Warburton ;' 

' Both MMitenoe« inarke<l thuK [ ] hare been struck thronffh with the pen. 

' .\ learned antiquanr, lN»m in the lari^h of St. John the Raptiftt, at Stam- 
ford, l«*»i»2. Educated at Trinity C«»llege. Cninhridjrc ; and took the deprt-e of 
B.A. in 1715. In 1719 he wan curate of Kii)^> (;iifl. Northanta ; and obtained 
the Rectory of Godeby Maorvward. co. Ix'iccfiter, by purchaae from Samacl 
Lowe. Ek|.. the patron, in I7l*3. In lTl'7 h*- wrote a poetical description of 
Bi'lroir and it« neit»hl»ourhoo<l. printe<l in ** NichoUV I^eiceKtervhire.** Fellow 
of Society of Antiquaries an'l of K. s., 17:S'i. in which year he published 
** Dcniderata Curiosa.** By the favour of Bishop Uoynolds he obtained the 
pri'bendal stall of MarKton-St.- Lawrence, in the Cathedral of Lincoln, in 
173r.. He ali»*> wrote - The AnnaN of Stamford." " Life of .Milton.** " Memoirs 
of Cromwell." 

■ W. \Varburt4tn. bom l«;i»>*. wa* the son of the Town Clerk at Newark- 
apon-Trent. He was educated in the (tramniar School there, and articled to 
•a attorney, whom he served for five yearn. In ]7'i:{ he entered into Holj 

W DumY. 

Mr. I^eaupre Bell/ the great medalUt, from wbd I gut aociM ooins 
of Car. for Kennedy ; Mr. Weaker the aatrooomcr ; Mr. Tjrcbo 
Wynp,* the antronouier ; Bruwn WilUa ; Mr, Wkuloo ;* Mr. 
Maur. Johnson.' 

Orders, anil wm prMcoted bj bir KoWrt batuwIoaMBAll vkamg* 4a N'oCAAag- 
hamshtre, iti 1 IITti. Later, the aame patruo pr«MoUd kia to BaraaC Broafkioa, 
LiDcolDfthire. He pyblt»hed hu " Oivitie Lefstioti of Moats" ia ITJi. wlikli 
led to much cutitruvertj. In thu jrear he waa ap|n4Blad ClMplaia lo tkc fnaca 
uf U'alea. When U. de Crooaai attacked " Pope's laaaj oa Msa,** Warbstlaa 
defended Pupe in sii Letters in llSif, and a seventh in 174a This ssla hin ha rf 
a fnentlsbtp between hi a and Pope, and led to his iatrodadioa lo Balph AUea. 
of Prtur Park, Bath. In 1747 he mametl Gertrvdc Tscher. AUaa's alaet a^l 
hcirea*. snd thus oUajned Pnor Park. He was Bade Usaa ol Bristol la 17^ ; 
and Bi^hupof Uloo^csier in I7yj. Died la 1771i. afsd il.^Hos TiwimmM U. 
Morlejr s >irs/ SArtck ^ ^mfluM Utrrmtmrw, Ifod Edltioa. p. 9tt 

* bon of beaupr^ Bel). Emj . of Bcasprv Hail, in Upwcil aa^l UatweU, 
Norfolk. His oiucher was ^laqparrt, da«chter ol bir Aathoaj Oldisld. ol 
hi>aMiii|;. Bart He was educaud at WestaiiosUr Ikhool, mmd afu ma ids at 
Trail I J ColU|^. Cambridge, in 17:^3 His father lad a mimnkU life, hanll/ 
allowed his soii nvceMarics, and dilapidatc«l his howsa He (the fsthse) hmi 
also &UU horses of his own brsodiug. uanj above 3tl jaafs old, aabtwia. TW 
•on died of cousuinpiion. on the ruad to Bath.— .%VAWs* iMetmr^ «4i 
Vol V . p. i7(*. 

* An Astrutogvr aiid celebrated oooiposcr uf Alaiaaaos. His 
portrait la bung iti tlie Hall of the MAttt<««cr» Coaipanj. Ue is 
w lib his rigbt band rcsiini; on s ccUstial spltetc. He was the sm« of Viaaiat Vmig. 

* William Wbiftton was burn in I<;ii7. at Nodow. »«ar Twj< 
Hr wase«lucaie«l at Tamwiirtli Xhool . and afterwards at Clafw Uall. 
where he sttnlicd mathematica etarbt hu«rs a da/. lUl. iaa9. H« 
chaplain u» Dr Mourr. Bishop of Norwich. Vicar of Loweisfoft mmA Tkar af 
K)»*inglati«l N«»rfu)k He set bia.«clf again*! alehussss. 
•{•plirtl t«' bin fur bu »ignatare to s Iiirncv. in order U* set 
but be aiiawcrvtl. ** if tlicv wuuld briti/ bin a pw|<r to sigw for the palliag do«« 
an alelmusr bt* wuold crrtainh »i|;u it. bol wt^iM aever sigw ua« foe thcscttuig 
«»itr u|> ' He tctis as b«- bad rr«»l o«ir ibc first two ocwt«n«s of the chsfck* 
•imI (ouii I that Otr «kjctriiic wm plaiolj the doctnae uf tW« agas , aad 
a* he th«>u^'bi It a puint M dat/ ut o^umuaicate what he hfti disouvevwd. aw his 
h«'ter«iilut iKKMttis resprctiug iftn Trtoiij bc^aaMgsaafallj haowrm. Oa 
uf ibrMc u|'it«M»t«s be wa« depfived of his Profeaaufship at 
bai*i»h*<l ibv l'iiivrr*ttr. when he wctii tu rr^de la I Kiitf He wm oae «4 
tUe flr»l. if r.^A. ti»c first, wbo rt|4siiMd ibc N«-wt«iWiaa ptnlumphj la a 
mmj. so thai the ireiirralii/ of readers Blight cuttptehead H. la ITja 
pr«*l«jatf^l b^ >ir Hsits Muwi*e and Dr Hsllej to the ft..^., Wwl Mr 
ll.e Prr«fUnf. relu»ol bi* a«laiiiiatKV li. 1717 h«- |o«a««l tht fea^sla. 
ts| )4ri>f d wUn lir wa» at tlic b*>i»«c *4 >sn.(Ml Baker. I.s«| , at LJwdos^ Kat- 
Utod. wbo bad B*arned his owlj daaghter. h^rmh. Hs died la 1722, ^&4 M. 
Mid wai hwnadai L/adaa. BepaWishad -ll«saifaaf hia LMtaatf WiM^* 
vnuaa hgr hiMtll. Loadoa. l7lt.*.%1i#4slt-« tMt^m^ Aut^mt. TwL U pclM . 

W. STUKKLETy 1720. 89 

In Oct I discovert! Newark to be Sidnaeetif^* the Mercian 
bprick ; St Tibs well in Rval fields ; S. Eabs well. In Nov'- at 
Croylaud Abby drew out the Statues there. At Pe;ikirk drew 
out Pega^s chapel there ; trac'd the Car dike, wh was ptected by 
Carausius ; drew out S. Tibba^s cell. In July, 1 740, I had a 
view of it before me for a fortnight out of my chamber, where 
you was resid** On 13 Archdeacon Cumberland gave me Bedes 
history of the Engl. Ch by Smith. 

Lastly, come we to the melancholy day, 2 March, 1747. A 
year extremely remarkable in the annals of time, for in that year 
were many rare celestial phasnomcna, a transit At that verj- 
timo they were cutting down a fine grove at Uolbech, planted 
by my fa'* wh grieved me exceedingly. As I never intended to 
live Uiore I sold it many years before, & the whole of my native 
parish regretted very much the loss of so l)eautiful an oniam'* to 
the Town. That day I set 2 tulip trees in my garden at Suun- 
ford, 2 firs & a cedar of libanus, wh the D. of Montagu si*nt me, 
think'* there to pass my life in rural obs<!urity. But that year 
Providence disposd of us both in a more public destination, A: 
directed our fortunes to come nearer together, ii to an agreeable 
& happy intercourse. On 3 Nov. that year I had a most extra- 
ordinary emotion in my mind, wh I looked on a.> a p*sage of the 
appitNichiug change in my life. Then his Grace presented me to 
S. Geo. qu: Squ : at the latter end of die year, on the vtTV 14 
Nov'* The same month of March I finishd my pretty machine calld 
Luiuesolarium, wh the D. of Monta^^u was hi;;hlv deli;:hted -ifiih. 

Thus I have given you. Dear Miriam, a sketch of the con- 
currence of our Stars, wh here brought us together in London, 
altogether due to Caniu>ius. 1 shall pur&ue my obser>'ations on 
this subject tlie next op|iortunity, ^ recommend you to the kee|>- 
ing of the same good Providence, ^ nivself to the continuance of 
yourfr^sh|». * CHYNDOXAX. 

* Maurice Johnson, an excellent luitiquarjr, and funnder of the Gentleman *k 
Sudctj at Spalding in 1712. He wm born at Spalding, and wa« a member of 
tbe Inner Temple, and Steward of the Man<»r of SpaUliu}:. Hi« wife wan a 
dasghtcr of Jothaa Ambler. Em|., of the muuc t«»wn. She wac grand-danghtcr 
of hir Antlionjr Oldficld, and lineally tleMX*ndcd from Sir Thouia* Gn-sham. 
fottDdcr of Qmbam College, and of the Kojal Kxchange. Hj her he had 2i» 
chikireo. 16 of whom mU down U>gethcr at hin table. He dietl in 17S5. Dr. 
Siakcl^ wrote an eulogium on him, which \% in the 5linutc« of tla* Society of 

90 DIART. 

Canons far the Eimamune. 31 May^ 1735. 

I. The power of the Planets is in proportion of their 
distances from the center of tlie syMem: the superior 
having the greater influence, except the sun & moon. 

II. The real magnitude of the sun, the apparent one 
of the moon, by reason of her proximity to us, make 
their influences the strongest. 

III. Their influences are to be deduc'd from their 
aspects to the horoscoj)es, during their several revo- 
lutions round the sun. 

IV. Their influences are computed from their joint 

V. The result of their joint aspects db their various 
combinations, is what is called the Fate of the nati%*e. 

VI. In order to calculate the sum of their united 
flowers, the proportions of each munt be ascertained. 

VII. The influences of the Planets is as their 
distance from the center of the System, d: their quantity 
of matter. 

VIII. Their influence in rusfiect to their distance 
(nm\ the center is as the squares of their distance. 

IX. Their influence in respect of their quantity of 
matter is aa their diameters. 

X . Therefore all these powers arv to be ascertained 
liy Humbert. 


or Ratimtl Virology. 

W. STUKELEY, 1720. 93 

I? came to A x 15. 21 Mar., 1730. I was just settled at 
Stamford. £100 fell to me by Aunt Bacon's death. 

I? came to a T 15. 1 June, 1782. I lK»pan the invidious 
Society at Market Overton. The great quarrel al>out ^Ir. IVal 
hap|)errd. A commencement of the difference U'tw. me & 
Burleirrh. Lady Exef* abusM me at Grimsthoqi A: ilias malo- 
rum. I starvd for y' gout, all this inflamd by succeedin<r Q of 
li . 8 Sep. 

I? came to ♦ « 15, on 1 1 Ap., 173o. I put by the danger 
that threatned bro'- Johnson. They printed my treatise of the 
gout in Ireland. 

I? came to S of my horosco|)e yf 15, on ^<''* Jan., 1725. 
About this time I came to a resohition of wearing my own hair, 
wh ended in mv leaving: the town. Was nuieh tninble<l with 
the gout, reluctant therewith. 

Family Mtnnormida, 

Memorandum on DecemlN*r IIK 1727, Tursdav. William 
Stukeley, M.D., marryetl Frances, eldest dau;:hter of Kolw^rt 
Williamson, late of Allington, gent. The rrremonv w:is jK»r- 
formed in the Church of Barston bv the Rrv. .Mr. John Tniuirhton 
min'* there. Tlic s*** W. Stukelev was a*r**<l 40 vears iV a month, 
the s""- Frances thirtv-onc vears 3 months. 

Frances, da'* of W"** k Franees Stukdey. 

Mary, da'* of W*"* & Franees Stnkelry, <>b. 

Anna, da'* of W"** k Franees Stukeley. 

Mar}', da'* of W"** k Fi*ane«»s Stukeley, ob. 

Frances, wife of W*"* Stukeley, Hector of All Saints in Stani- 
fonl, dyd 1 Sept., 1737, 10' U^fore 12 at ni^ht, l»eing 41 yeai-s 
old within 12 days. 

Memorand. January 9th, 173^-9, tuesday. William Stukeley 
marn'ed Elizalieth Gale, daughter of Dr. Thomas tiale. I><an of 
York, at Grays inn (liappel, the et>remony %vas |M*rtonnd by 
Mr. Noble, n^er there. 

Dec. 7, 1752, tbursday. I marry«l Riehanl Fleming, E^., 
of the Chancery office, to my daughter Fram-es, in my church, 
present, John Woodhouse, Esq., Mrn. Warren A: Iht hi>ter Miss 
Clark, my da'- Anna, my wife, k Mr. Hall, Clark, Mrs. Williams 

Ccmmo9tf>laet BooL IT. Siuhliyy 1720. 
Of Dr. Arbnthnot* 

A« ftiM A PhjticiAB mM «T«r wm mch. 

Who oooe had a P»ti«nt k tkai wm a Q«m&. 

Dr. Arbathnot & Mr. Pope are thou^^ht to have wrote the wit^ 
pamphlet about the traiuironnation of Sexea, at the Great Coo* 
junction of the Superior planeta this 29 Dec, 1722. 

Surj^ns — mr old aoquaintanoe. Mr. Green, Mr. Ridooi, 
ChiaeUen,'* Joe Tanner, Joe. Sjrmonda, Jo. Dougiaa. 

Biahopa of my College Bennet in mj lime. 
Teniaon, bom at Cotenham — Abp. 
Dr. Green,'' bp. of Norwich Ely. 
Dr. Bradford,*^ bp. of Rocheatcr. 

* BomaiArbathttoCiicar MoQtroat, l€76.dMia Lottdoa, nSi. 
Ullj adainiauriBff relief to Prinee 0«wge ol DeasaHt at Bpaooi, ha 
bis Phjeician, and la 1 709 wae appoiatad Ph jaiciaa ia oidiaary k> Q ^ ea a Ai 
Be engafad with Pbpc to vrile a aatire oa tW abaea ^ ka»aa laaraiaf . 
the Uilc o# ** Meaioirt ot Martiaaa ScrlbUraa.** bat tW Qaaaa's daatk pat mm 
end to the project. Beatda* vritlaf arorka» partlj eatirical aad l^fftlj poHftcal. 
be wTcce ocbart oa aataral biecarj, aiatbtiatica, ke. Hts ebM woek ia * Tablaa 
ol Aacteot Coiaa* Wetffbu aad McMaiaa.** He wae aa aaiabla 
baaMToaa witboat baiaf lU-aatarcd. At oaa UaM ba tboa«bt ml ««Uiaf 
Doecaeter, bal aMetiaff wiib isall aaeeaai tbcre at a f%jmkeimm, 
trea fallopiag aat ol tbe loarm, aad beiag aaked wbltber ba vaa faiag. be 
replied, -"To Waea tbia eoaloaadad plaea. vbare I eaa aettbec Ilea aar die."— 
BeH—, p 77. 

•* Wm Maetar mf Wardea ol tbe Cbaepaaj ^ Barbar-Baigaaaa. MaabvaQ 
Street, ia 1744. ol wboai Pope wroU ia a latter to a fnead, ** I vundetad a little 
at Toar qaaettoa wbo Cliieeldea vaa. . . He ie ibe aMat aoted. aad aaal 
deermag aaa ia tbe whole pr ol f e ei oa ol rbirargery.*' A baet ol CbiMldea la 
aow ia tbe Oallaga ^ l^afgeoaa, Uaaelaa laa fWlda. 

I aovaaa «*^aewe. oaEaiBC A^caoaaoiMB a* ^.^^BMnv^B*^ « sbq ^vsb 
Blabop ol Sorwicb la 1711. Re vaa traaelatad to Bl? la I7». 

** Saaael Bradford, bora ia l«&t : di<^ 1791 Re eagcaa ii ed Dr. 
tbe Maalerabip ol tbe College la Ult, Hie fatber vaa WiUa. 
altlaea 9i lialue. He toab Halj (Mara ia I flM^ and ia tba f^Oavteg 
vaa e l ac ta d aiiaietar ol St. Tliniae'e ebarcb, aoatbvarb. by tbe Oafwaati af 
tbat Hoepital. la Itn ba vm appelated ta tbe lietag ol Ik Marj Ie Baar. %f 
Abp. miotaaa, cbaplaia ia atdiaarj to WiUimi UU la l< 
Waattaiaaw la I707. BiriBi Jp^alOwlkia: 
ITU, mmmmr$ JNA ^ Cbppw P^ tH. 

W. 8TUKELET, 1720. 95 

Dr. Mawson, bp. of Chichester. 

Dr. Herring,*' Abp. York — Cant. 

My tutor Dr. Danny would have been a bp. had he lived. 

Dr. Green, dean of Lincoln. 

Dr. Barrow was Tutor to S'* Isaac Newton, and gave a 
great Prognostic of his superlative Eminence. Then abouts was 
a time fruitful of great Genius's. 

S'* Tlio. Brown" dyd after eating too plentifully of a Venison 

S'- H. Sloan has all his & Sons MSS. 

S'* Isaac Newton was grey-headed when very young. He 
calls antient Statues, Busts, &c, by way of derision. Old Babys. 

Dr. Barrow, when C. II. Chaplain, was orderd to talk with 
the D. of Bucks by way of entertainment in Chymistry, Mathe- 
matics, <S:c., & being too many for him, the D. compl^* to the 
King that he did not understand him, to which Barrow replyd, 
I can't help his understanding, which pleasd the King. 

D^' Tho. Gale ux. ob. com 12 annos nata erat ux. mea. 

Mr. Baxter*^ put out Anacreon for the use of his schoolboys 

** Thonuu Herring, the 100 of John H., Rector of Waleoken, Xorf.. wntborn 
there in 1C93. Admitted into Jeias Coll., Camb.. 1710. Fellow of Oorpos Coll. 
1716. Became tnccetsiTely Vicar of Great Shelford ; P. C. of 8tow-cnm-Qaj ; 
and TrinitT, Camb. ; Rector of Rettendon, Emcz ; Barley. Heitu ; All Hallows 
the Great, Lend. ; Chaplain in Ordinary to the King in 1727 ; Rector of 
Bletchingley. Surrey, in 1731 ; Dean of Rochester; Bishop of Bangor, 1737; 
Abp. of York. 1743 ; Abp. of Canterbury, 17 47. ^Mastrrg't Hist., p. 311. 

*• An eminent Physician. In 1642 he pobUabed «* Religio Medid,** whidi 
exdtcd moch attention in Earope. In 1736 he aettled at Norwich, and aoqnired 
a good practice there. In 1646 his folio book on ** Valgar Brrors** appeared. 
Knighted by Charles IL in 1671 ; died 1682. Dr. Johnson wrote his life.— 
Jifft0m, p. 196. 

** MThen 18 years of age be went to Harrow School, and could then neither 
read nor understand any language bat Welsh. He afterwards became an 
eminent grammarian and critic Uis favonrite studies were Antiqoities and 
Physiology. He kept a school at Tottenham High Cross* until he was chosen 
Master of the Mercers* feSchooL 

9C cx>infoii-rLACic booe. 

u|M>ii which Jon. Barnes*^ falling foal, be put oat a new Gdition, 
Si tiMik JcH*** work* to pi<x?<*t». A club of ( Vitioa, meeting at a 
Tavern in liondon, tlicv M*nt for Mr. Baxter who made Joa. a^k 
hi^ luinion l>rforo nil the (VmiiMny, k in a fortnight aOer be 
(lio<l : whirh m.i<U* |N*oplt* ^av Mr. KaxtiT killd him. 

Tlii* H|iit.i|»h wtt** maiio on him : Hie jacet Jo«. B. feliett 
Memori.T rxiMVtan^ Jndicinm. 

I hnd a ;rreat intimacv with Mr. B. for manv veam whilM I 
livil ill liimdon. Hi» \\a^ \ery |M»tir at la»t. I rarricil my j:reat 
fr^ , tht» li*anH*<l 1/ \Vincheli*ea, to w** him, who gavr him monej', 
A ai)rr tli;it Dr. M(M(I. He wai^ bnr>'t«il at Hillingilon by Uz* 
brid;; in tlir t 'hitrvhyanl, tliat llillin^^don wlicn* K. Cha. I. 
unhappily drtrrminM to give himself up to the faithleM Scot% 
thin wa5i nt om* Ti'e^lnle^, a We«tm€>rian<l man, who kq>t a pub- 
lick hou4«* : on munday April 27, IG46. 

Dr. Noel Bn»xliolm/* a St mifnnl man of mean |iarmU : 
bnm;:ht up at Oxfi»nl. He attcndc«i with me Dr. Cole,"* Dr, 
Fulwo<wl,**A Dr. C'olfhy, »;« {HipiUof Dr. Mead«, al S. Hmmaa** 
In^npital, in the \<^r 17011. He w% a man of wit K piyetTf 
lov'd jioetr}, wa* a piiwl ela^Aic, lieeame one of HadclifT* travel- 
lin;: fi*llou«, in iIm* year 1720 : |*ot much m«»ney in tin* Mi«iMpi 
|in»J4'et in Fnimv. At Irngtii lie came i»%er ami |»nicti«c«i, littt 
nc%or ha»l a gnMt likin;* to it, |Im»* lie had i:«»oil menu ra^wpm* 

Ht |4ibliaM<«l iKr biblicfti M«.rT n| tMhrt in Orrtk Mrtaiyttn vttli iMim 
•• !Wr '-r«««fnriifar««." p 4^ 

TiOlrfr ••f ehT»iri*n». |ii*H |*r»rtt«F*t| Af Wt»rrr«trr •t»'l mhtW th^t* ^wA^m* 
b«ai Ail«lrrMr<l l** him " |H*«rrt*iiii ^:|4«i«4ari» ' ilr m-m!*^! in l^m^Um Ni 
ICTI ; «li^l in ITK •fr«l Ml ; nn«l mm Imnol nl Altf«l^j. nr«r *'*'9rtitry. N« 
!• anid t<* Hnvr iw^n ' l'^rf»«>«l vitHo«t a»«#fiUif k^, nn*f |*4ifr vit|k*«l 
ntiofi." Ill* p<tr%jf. I«v R W|iti#, «n» n»cr»v^l in 1^** nt»«l l««r« 

H« mm thf Mtlinr «il arv*^*) «t*rt« >. Jf«nA • #rW# «/ #WI/^ «/ 

•* WminM r«ll«m«l. M l>. ••# l*MkAn»r finll. Tnail^flrt. 1710. 
%9ok kU |K<t.<« 4rfr«^ in ni^l»an# !• 1717.-. JfnnA • i^U ^ ihiitff ^ 

F^ptifimm, Tol il. p^ aa. 

W. 8TUKELEY, 1720. 97 

He marryed a rich >vidow, & this year 1748 in July threw 
himself out of life, by cutting his jugular vein at his house at 

My old fr^- W"- Becket, Surgeon, dy'd 25 Novemb. 1738, at 
Abingdon. His papers were bought by the infamous Curl.* My 
fr*- Dr. Milward* gave him 30 guineas for them. 

About Aug. 1745 Beaupri Bell dyed. 

S'* Christ. Wren & Mr. Hook^ great drinkers of Coffee. 
Dr. Grale drank 2 dishes twice a day. Mrs. Behen^ drank it 
much. I was told bv a Clercrvman in Kent he had drank it 40 
years without ill effect*^. A*** 1725 they took a wild boj' about 

* The mernory of Edmund CurU has been tranBmitted to posterity with an 
obloqaj more ncTere than he deserved. Whatever were his demerits in having 
OGcmsionallv published works that the present ajre would vcrj profterlv consider 
too licentious, be certainly deserves commendation for hiM industry in preserv- 
ing our National Remains. And it may perhaps bo added that he did not pub- 
liah a single volume but what, amidst a profusion of base metal, contained 
some precious ore. some valuable reliqueii. which future collectors could no 
where else have found. He was a bookseller. — Xickol»M Literary AttecdctcM, 
Vol. i.. p. 4"»7. 

' Edward Milward. M.D., was educated at Leyden. and admitted to Trinity 
Ollege, Cambridge, in 1741. Created M.D. by royal mandate. F.R.S. 1741-2. 
Fellow of College of Physicians. 1748. Harveian Orator. 17o2. Died 1757 ; 
baried in Knighton Chapel. Lindridge, co. Worcester. Author of **Trallianua 
Revivisoens," !x>ndon. 17.34. ice— .V«r«ri'ii Ifoff of Oaiege of Ph^uielan; 
Vol. ii.. p. h'^. 

* Robert Hook«*. bom at Freshwater, Is'e of Wight, in ir».3.*>, died in Lon- 
«loo 1702. In his youth he was placed under Sir Peter Leiy, but he al>andoned 
painting and went tn ChriMtchurch. Oxf«)rd. He wtirked with Dr. Willis in his 
chemical operations, and became assistant to Mr. lk)yle. He was one of the 
first Fellows of the U.S.. and in DWii was made Curator of ezperimenUi to that 
body. Two years later be was elected Gresham Professor of 0«*ometry. After 
the fire of T»ndon he produced a plan for rebuilding the City, which was not 
adopted. In 1668 be had a dispute with Hevelius. respecting telescope aighta. 
lo 1671 be attackt>d 8ir I. Newton*s theory of light and colours, and claimed 
tbe discovery of gravitmttoa. In 1691 Abp. Tillotson created him II. D. He 
wrote a book called ** llioograpbia,** and some of his other works were published 
after his death.— HfivfirM, p. 516. 

* Qmere. Aphra Behn, who commnnicated to the English government the 
Dotcb design of homing tbe English fleet in the Thames. 8he wrote aeveral 
plajs. histories, and novels of a lively but licentious character. She died in 
1M9.— A«(M. p. 164. 

98 ooMMoy-rLACB moe. 

14 y'- old in the woods of HmnoveH who was broogbt to tb« Ktn;^. 
He would oat nothing but raw fleah, k drink no wina, nor beer, 
but water k coflye. 

Dr. W. Cole wa* an f^^^i a coffee drinker a« »m<iakcr. Dr. 
Barrow brought it firi^t to C^anilirtdg. 

My grancifa' , Mr. John Stukeley, wa» the encourager <»f iIm* 
first cofi'ee houM* in Stamford. 

K. Charles II f»eetn<i to l>e the first that took snuff* in Eng- 
land, which I !«u|)|M)ae lie im|M)rted with wigs. Tbey fin^t u<id a 
cocoa shell with a hrasn nozzle to drop a pinch out upon fbeir 
hand, from whence tlM»v snuflT'd it. 

About 1G1I8 my mo' luul her first met of them equipage. 
Chocobu* drank before then. 

Club. Mr. dia. Howsim, — Node?*, Tom Johnson* Her- 
man Moll, Tlio. (*atterul, Duvid Jtine«, i*.i{iC. Jo. Hak^, Mr. Jo. 
SlM«eh"». Mr. \Vm. R*cket, Surge«wi, Oer. A* Jo. Vandcrgtirbt, 
— Kirkull, Jo. Martin,^ Jame^ Hill, rounivllor. I^;:hton Imus^, 
Stur;:i*s*, FVii'ltJvr, Jon Sim>n, Moor, Hjrn», ingra\er, HolrCU 

i 'hun*li. Tlie prayerm of thi» cxNigregation are de*ird l«»r a 
w«Miiati wh4» i^ ;r^iu;; to taki* a great thing in liami : fiir a \cHiog 
Wfimin troubldi in mind : for a yoan:: man gone to Mem ; U^r a 
woman under .1 Mrong tem|>tat* 

The len;!tli of my foot It) inches A | ; my height 5 fool fl 

.Martin Folke%' ban an estate of near £SliW) got by his Fa' 

* F«»r A farther Aoeuotit of tbit Hr%mg9 •u»€y, m# ** Torkahirs I>Mn«».* 
S«ft«f« .*NinetT. Vol. liT , p. f 4S.. «k«f« Miotlic f iMtsaet i« r vt u r ^M . 

* J«»lin Umttjn, an raiinrfil buCAMM. Umi Ii99. dwd ITIUI N« sM 
Dtllentt* f«irnir<l a UKanical mtcuny. «b»cli cuttliiiar*! till I TIC. 0» tW Hraik 
oi Hra*ll« f b« mm0 rlio»«fi l*n>fr»*< oi IkiUMij ml i aabrvlfr U i;?: I»r »m 
f l««i«d FflUtw fl R. ^. tic prmciimd p^ymtt la tW City mU 
0»rl«rA. aikI in 17:12 rHm«l to rurruhmm H« vat iW mhWv «I 
Ili4*tiir*l and other «or%a.~Af«f«tt. ^ Mt^ 

* Martin ¥\Akr^ cUlraC *m ul Maftin rulkra. C«| . CMfia»ll«f at La«. vaa 
bora la Qm nn Mrvtt« Liaoola a Ina fisUak la liM. f lifHd sMlaf Ms. 
Qipf«l, 11 s^Muaar. fraaM. l al i l dart BaB, CS M > f t% ^ IIP?. Mlawal 

W. STUKKLKY, 1720. 99 

in the Law. He is a man of no a^eonomv. Before at ase be 
inanyed Mrs. Bracegirdle'* off the stage. His nio'^* grievd at it 
so much that she threw her self out of a window & broke her 
arm. His only son' broke his neck off a horse back at Paris. 
His eldest da'*** ran away with a book kee|)cr k who used her very 
ill. Quarrelling with S*^* Hans Sloan about the Presidentship of 
the lloyal Society, A: being baffled, he went to Home with his 
wife, ii dan"**, dog, cat, parrot, k monkey. There his wife grew 
religiously mad.'' He went to Venice & got a dangerous hurt 
upo his h'g. Keturning he was Successor to S*^* Hans, Presid'- 
of the U.S. Losing his teeth, he speaks so as not to be under- 
stood. He constantly refuses all papers that treat of longitude. 
He chiUHcs the Councel & Officers out of his junto of Sycophants 
that meet him cverj- night at Rawthmills coffei» house, or that 

K.S. 1 714. IIi'b communicatinnn to the Sociery arc |irinfc«l in their Tran»- 
arfiotiff. li<M*ame PifMfh*nt. Sir Immc Newton U-inponeof hij» Viee-rre>identi», 
K.S.A^ I7:^0. President of this Societj in 17.50. an KurccMor i«» Alpcrn-'ii. l>ukc 
of Si>ip«T»»ci. Died 1754, and wan hiiritsi in Hillin(.t«)n Church. Thi* i^alo of 
his prints, coiuK. Jcc.. in K'ti'i. Iaste<I '»*» days, and prnluct'd thr i-nni of C.'tOt^O. 
-^CfimfmrrM'M (int. HUtgnijiltirtil Dirtioitfiry, Vol. xir.. |». 4*JS. 

• In a f'Hit note, Vol. ii.. |.. .jSm, of *• Nichols's Ijt«rary Anecdi»tes." iu n 
tNojrraphienl memoir of M. pnlkei*. the author sayj* : *' This la<!y npp«»ared und*-! 
the name of Mrs. Lncretia Hradshaw. at the theatre in the Hayniarket in 1707. 
ami at Drury f^nc from 1710 to 1712, tiMm after which perioil she was mairied 
to Mr, Folki-a." Tlie author of - The History of the Enjrlish Sta;re." 1741. who 
remarks that she was **one of the i;n*atest and mot^t pn^misinc penii of her 
time.** adds that she was taken off the stage by Mr. Koikes •• for her exemplary 
and pmdent condact,** and that '•it was a rule with her. in her profcj^^ion. to 
make herself mistrewi of her part, and leave the fitttire and action t«> naturo. 
Prom the characters iu which I find her name, she must hare U-en a handsome 
woman at least, had a g«-M| figure, and pn»l»ahly only see«»iid-rate talents." 

• Martin. Mr. F«»lkeii* only son, was admitted to t'lare Hull. <'am'»rid::«». 
He aoc«Hnrmnie«l his father an<i mother to Uome, where he di!«cov<T<'d a niont 
extraordinarr taste for medallic knowledjre. He went aft<*rwar«lK to tiui»h hi* 
i4iMlies at an academy at ("aen. Normandy, where he wa^* thrown fr«>in hii> h«>riH\ 
and killeil on the i»pot. — XirhmU'M Literary AmerdofrK Memoir «»f Koikes. Vol. 
iT., p. .VS. 

** The eldest daufrhter was I>oroChy Rishton : and the second Lucrefia. 
who was married in 17.'»<> to Richaril Betensun. Esq. (afterwani Sir Uiehanl). 
She died in I7.V(. afre<l :it;. To each of his ilaufrhters M. Folk<^ left t: l'.V<lfMi... 
ikid^ p. &HSI. 

" She was confined in an aajlam at Chelsea. 


dim* with him on thumdayn at the Miter, fleet street. He hat m 
great deal of lemming, philoM>|ibv, afttronomr : but knows 
nothing of natumi hisfoiy. In matten of reli^^ion an errant 
infidel k loud K^ofTer. Pn>f«»«»eft himiM*lf a podfa' to all monkeirs, 
Weivw notliin^ of a future f»tate, of the Scrif>tures, of rfvrlation. 
He per\rrted I>ukr of Montn^, Richiuond, 1/ Pembroke, A 
vorv nian\ iiion* of the nobility, wlio bad an opinion of hi« 
under^tiindiii;: ; d' tbi^ b»K done an infinite* |»rpjudice to Heligiofi 
in |:eni*ral, made the nobility throw off the mask, A o|irfiljr 
deride A di*^>untenance rwu the a|i|»earancr of reli;*ion9 wh has 
brou;!bt UA int<i that dr|»lorable situation we are now in, with 
tbie% !*?», iV niunlerrpk, [nTJur} , for^rery, Ac. He thinks tlwre I* 
no diffen*n(*«' l4*tui*(*n u<^ A animaU ; but what !!» owtn^ t#> the 
diflVn*nt *tnirtun* of our brain, a» l»etw(»cn man A man. Whew 
I li\ed in Ormond Street in 172<), he* set up an infidel Club al 
hi« lioUM* on Sunday rvenin^, where Will Jones,'' the matbe- 
matician, A otlier^ of tlie hfatbon »tamp, aMenibled. He invited 
nif earntMly to rom<* tbitb«T but 1 always rrfufid. Prom that 
tinit* III* lia^ lM*«-h propnpitin;; tlie infidel 8yf4em with f^rrmt 
a^^iiluitv, A matlr it even fa^liiotuible in tlic* Roval Socirt%', so 
that %%brn any nirntion i% made* t»l IIom*«, of tlie d«*lu^, of 
reli;:ioii, Scriptun*'*, %Vc., it |jfn»erallv is received with a looil 
luu;!li. Ill .^ p* ITril, Umui! of a \ery f^m^ babii, |n't^' eater A 
dniiLrr, bt* \%a^ M-ixd with tin* cIkiIic wh Kxm trrminatnl in a 
hrniipb*;ria. He ban now liren cvnfin'd a t«elveniooth in this 
miMTabb- •^tatc, but mi far from corrrctin|; bin irreligiuita i wnkwa 

tliat Ih*% I'roHii wi.rM* if intM^ibb*. In two rears time he dred 

^" • * « 

in :i d« pl«»nil'b* nianiuT. i veam aAer. bi« da^ l>otb mam'fd to 
in«li;:<*nt |»eT*«»ii*. 

IV. Fri«nd'* I tak«* to U* thr happiest PhyMCtan in 

*' *^«4llr<l in ljmti"*% mm A arlioulvMiMrr llAvitif i»«lnMt«d l^ir«J 
Sr!.| • »^i in mAtlM-ttiatira. ht «•• •|*|«>inlr«l Ki« mr n lMry ami <lrt«t7«l#IWv mt 
lh« Ki«^*c«|u*r Mr mm» trn IntiMAU viib *^tr U Nr«i«jii. m^I «•• rW<r««i4 a 
!>::•*« ol lb* H ^ Ur wr*Ae mm MMljMfl ol ^if l«ttAC> fO^trt. 4r Ikmi te 
llM l»^ «l Anrlc«ea. I<M). dird 1749 —AvSm. p. %7t 

** IH. Fmnd** ftfinraii KAiif* m tH» Ulirmrj ol IW Collrcv mt 
t%nat IW mimtMwy si INr BaWtt Walpsls. fi nkm i oat Hscu4 

W. STUKKLEY, 1720. 101 

that I know. It 8its easy on him. We never see him ruiUed, 
in a hurry, never dejected, or elated. If he be proud, 'tis not 
for nothing. I judg him the wisest man we have in the faculty, 
as well as most learned ; the University tincture, of being too 
much addicted to a party, he can't get over. He has a very 
elegant tast of life in his entertainments, ^ in his living, for he 
retires to his house at Hammersmith every night Tho' Mead k 
he seem friends, yet 'tis not reality. They are afraid of each 
other, being rivals for superiority : «S: so carry fair outwardly. 
Friend dedicates all his books to Mead, by which he engrafts his 
authority upon his own, <!!: thus uses both to raise himself. He 
has more cunning than Mead, & more stedyness, &, if I can fore- 
see, will oretop him. Mead taught him the knack of purging in 
the small pox ; by publishing it Friend got the honor k the 
profit, from the ill-judging world who for that reason took it for 
his. At length Mead & he quarreld outright, but this was after 
I left Londo. He dyd of a fever 2(> July, 1728, aged 54. An 
imposthume broke in his thorax & suttbcated him, as Dr. Walt'* 
Harris wrote me word. 

Woodward,** Gibbon, (*hamberlen, iV: Friend dyd this year, 
beside 2 others of less note. Friend became Phvsiciaii t«> the 
Queen notwithstsmding he was a great Jacobite, owing, I 

LMinoeston, and diBtinpuisht'd hiiuMlf hy speecbeii again»t the government. Uc 
was snppoaed to have been conoernotl in B|». Atterbarj's plot for the rcntor- 
ation of the htuartii. and in 1722 wan cummitted to the Tower. During hin 
incarceration hin practice paMvd chicflv into the haii<li* of l>r. .Mead, hit 
friend. Mead •uooeeded in obtaining his liberation and presented him with iiOOO 
iniineas which he bad received from Kreind> patients while he wait imprinonetl. 
It wan while he wan in the Tower that he wrote bin valuabh* hi»torj. 

l)r. Kreind'it brother was .Master of Westminster School, and succeeded Dr. 
Ba»bT. of ** lashing*' renown. On his appointment the folluwinj; verses were 


" Ye MMia of Wr«Cinln»ter, wbo 01111 rpUiii 
Your ancient dmd of Busby's awfal rvign, 
Vargtt mt leofth joor feMt^— jmir iwiiit* md : 
The BMNiArch of jroor place l« now a VrimnA." 

»!•« C. KmightM LomdoH, lh4i». Vol. VI., p. H. 

*' Jolin Woodward, born in Derb.vshire in W^u*. die<l iu l^mdoii 17l'*<. H« 
was an eminent I'livsician who, in l<iSI2. became I'rufeMorof i'iivitic in Itri'shani 
fJollcge. In l«i*.».> Abp. Tillots<»n conferred on him the degree of .M.D., in which 
jear h« published his ** Natural Uistorjr of the Earth,'* which is full of glimpM*!* 
u| jpeoloiiica] truths. lie founded the l*rof<rNHon«liip of ifi%>lo^jr at Cambridge. 
p. t \VA, 


ftuppoM^^, to the force of bin merit He wm biiryd at Bamham 
in BuckjiJ* 

Tliat the (1or;ry of En^^Uiul, undvr God?* Providetioe, arc the 
nuin f'UpiKirt of rfli^rioii now upon the face of the earth, it a 
Truth tliat will not f»a<ily lie cl<*ny<l by ^mmI men, and tboie that 
consider thin;:<« aliout Vni. Rut that thi* Clt*rg\* of Engtaiid 
hold tilt* Lillanix* of Europe* will m^em a {laradox, no doabc, yeC 
that it ha<i U*«*n true we nc*ed ^oi* no fartlier Imck tlian tlie year 
1710, when the Clergy* poi^ined by party papem, with Sacbeveral 
at tlie hrad of *t*ni, m> turn*d the hcad^ of the whole kinplomi 
Uith Muall and ^n*Jt. that they routed one of the beat minittrya 
any crown t*ver had, A diMolvil the greatt^tt cutif<*deracy for 
asM^rtin;; the lihi*rty<« of Europe* that evi*r wa^ made, A pav*d the 
way for the* voke %%hich tlie houic of Bourbt>u now thn*att*iu ita 
with. 2 (X't. 1 73'>. S41 ;;reat an influenoe lia» rrlipon : A, bow 
f<M»li^ii are Stat«*«inen not to incoura^re it. Tlie cmnmon people 
art' ea*\ to lie Iin»u;;ht intii it. We i»tn* tlii* by Uh* pn»;rn!ap of 

tiriMi mt'ii. Iik«* china wan*, mu»t lyt* Ion;; under gruunil 
licfon* thov ariM' with *ph*wl«»r. 

I>r. <ril»lKin«. at U\f«»nl. fiKiiMl all hi« old Krirmtfi of a <vrtani 
Clul* he liati frt*<|ueiitt*d di-a<l vi\e one, wh«»m intcrro^ratin;; aboat 
hi« iiiellH*il of lif«*, Im* wa% aii%werd tlial after drinkin;; 3 or 4 
lif»ttl«*i» l«»r hi^ »han\ wIm*ii he came Ikjiiic lie wan ti«| to walk 
litnL*f«H»t u|ion a mari»le lM*artli till lie made water :f or 3 limriL 
(Ml. ^y<» iIm' I>r., I Knd how yuu kcfiC \our lieatl aUive wati-r. 

S' Sittiiuel (tanli** ii\d »|4«*fK*ti«-. A wa« Imrvil in a %'aull ill 
iIm* ( *lih lit li:trr«*H «»ii lilt' hill. 

" rjH^%m br Vr ^ .vim I Wmimy. 

1» W« K*l> ia# M:. •A»'««>1 mf.«r 

N « tai« Ml f ir. m^ Umgmtik 4 •! Ite* •*«• 

« w«k ri*t*4 rt|«r 4. itiip n rf t ym ImI« aW kuf, 

A><l aipMl^JMM* ti^*V*l. Wtol rr«t« 4 to>* m^'09 

M'f iwi^tit^ gr^4 »• r*nw« c««^ »tW«»l . 

.%>i«l0*« L^rrm9j Am^f4^m. V*4. v.. |i M. 

•• \ n.»«. mix I.e., ifi Y*<i»» irv |ii:i clw^ iri» He rv««»llv r^miUi* 
lHitr<l T . t»r f •rai Ii»l.mrtii n| «li«|en«Art«« TW affl^Wvanr* i yfi ill kkm km 
r*<ti»^,u«ti« %u\ l^*r«rrriv I**hr<l tUctM m lito |««r«« %4 * Tb* lNn<Wffy ** 
Iti tc:*: Im* «!• Ittrn^ il« Nar^vtaM i^fUmm, KaiflM«^ Uf i%m^^^ L, aa4 
»«-|«Miilc«l K !•«•*• l*t*««*rtMi in ikMiAarY. mm4 T%y^€%mm^frtHM^ %»• IW .%ffi^.— 

W. 8TUKELEY, 1720. 103 

When the Prince left S^ James & came to Leicester house, 
upon going to S^* James Church to bear Dr. Clark,^^ he said to 
the pr. that he wonderd he should goe thither when the Dr. was 
8o zealous for the supiority of the father. 

Dr. Gibbons dyM March 1728 well advancd in years, a man 
of great goodness & charity, & 'tis that which raisd him to a 
great reputation & riches, for as to practise, tho' he was a man 
of learning, I Uike him to have been one of those calld safe 
physicians. When Radcliff first rose in the world. Gibbon was 
his competitor. Radcliff nicknamM him Nurse Gibbon from his 
over-otficiousness which is very taking with the vulgar : the 
other in return usd to say, Radcliff was an ingenious man, & it 
was pity his parents had not bestowd more learning on him. 

Tom Heme"* the Oxford Antiquary dy'd Jun. 1735. 

Dr. Walt'* Harris.*' It grieves one to see an old Practitioner 

*' Samuel Clarke, born at Norwich, 1675; died in London, 1729. Cha|>]ain 
to Bp. More of Norwich, bj whom be was appointed to Drajton Recty., Norf . 
In I70() he publiBhed a Latin Translation of Newton's Optics. Appointed to 
St. BenetV Rectory. PauPs Wharf. Lond.. and Chaplain to Q. .Vnnc. Rector of 
St. James. Weslm.. in 1709. Master of Wigston HoKpital. Leicestershire. He 
was a profound scholar, close reasoner, acute critic, and well versed in mathe- 
matics, philosophy, and metaphysics. — Beetcm, p. 2ti9. 

'* An eminent antiquary and indefatigable collector and editor of books, 
and MSS., son of George Heame, parish clerk of White Waltham, Berks, bom 
in I67H. When a child he use<l to be seen poring orcr the old tombstones in 
the churchyard. Placed in the free-school of Bray, Berks, in I(>93. by Francis 
Cherry, Esq., in whose serrioe he was, and who afterwards sent him to Edmund 
Hall. Oxford. He took his degree in 1699. Assistant t4> Mr. Hudson. Librarian 
uf Bodley. In 1713 he declined the honour uf lieing made F.Ii.S. IIjh poli- 
tical sentiments brought him into collision with some of his learned contempo- 
raries, whom he did not spare, and who, in their turn, were equally disrespectful 
in their notices of him. Buried in the churchyani of S. Pctcr*s in the East, 
Oxford. Th«- epitaph on his gravestone was written by hitnM.'lt. and clui«ei« with 
reference to Oeut. xxxii.. 7, and Job Tiii.. H. 9. lU. Uii> Jacobite sentiments 
created many enemies, |»n»mote(i an iiritability of tcm|KT. and a querulous 
disposition. His manners were clownish and simple, and little im|irovcd by 
his intercourse with the world. — Ckaimers't Grn, B't**ff^ Vul. xvii.. p. 275. 

* Walter Harris, a learned Physician, the sr>n <»f a trsdesuiaii at Gloucester, 
bom 1647. Educated at Winchester school. Bein^ of the fuunder*s kin he was 
admitted pcr|<etual Fellow of New CoUcge. Oxford, without passing through 


of 80, that was Phyticiuii to K. W*^, a penon of learning k 
^^ravity, walkin;^ along the atreeta, wbiUt Apotbecarra, k knia of 
Apotbecaryt, instead of tliOAc of Hippocrateai loll in tbeir cbarioCa ; 
that long c*xperiencf niu»t be jostled oat of fashion by fa»hioDaU 
wigs, k modem mode», by art of pleasing oom|>any, not art of 
boaiing. The Dr. has a very good knaek of declaiming off hand, 
k in latin rather better than his own tongue. We had a great 
intimacy k mutual respect, k it pleasd me much to be in his 
company, thinking I convennt with a physician that Bourisbd 
before I was bom. He dyd July 1732 in Ixmdon, in my parish. 
North street 

My old acquaintance Geo. Holmes of the tower dyd Nov' 1748. 

My fr* Tycho Wyntr, the aiaronomer, with i^hom I spettt 
many agreable lioum nt Stiimftinl, k Pickworth near it, «h«*re 
he livd : he had been to vi%it mv here in liondon in Man:h 174'^- 
50. In April 16, lK*in;^ Ei^ter munJay, he dyd pretty middetily 
at Pickworth. The year pn'ce lin;:, Edmund Weaver, oar great 
Lincolnshire astronomer, %%ith wliom we have freqoeotly ouoverftd 
at Pickworth, dyd at \u% own hou^ie at Catborp. 

A little before dv'd Mr. John Fisher, rector of Thurlbv, mv 
great acquaintance k intimate. S> that in i yean space, after I 
came to live in LoikIou again. I lo^t tbete 3 friends in the Coantr%'« 
all I had, that I could ciHivrpM- witiial, with any kind af sat intact ioti. 

Infidelity. I fin«t that one half of our half- wit tfti |»bil«iMiphen» 
in Ix>odon, our ItS. |ii'0|Je, art* intidi*U: the oilier half are fanatic**, 
8o hard a matter it i« to kn*p a p»l<k*n nH^tium« or to uti* tlie great 
beauty of tin* Ch ol FIn;rlaiHl in {wrticular, t»l' n*ligi<iti in getn-raL 

Bt'n Jnhn^on Ha<« s BriiLU\«*r; hi« Ks' built Liikx*Iu% Inn. 
He built th«* Wall i»f the Ganlen next thanoery laiir, 4 umI to 

in IC7.T and wrni m'^r mt\ in l«*r«* >»r muni«»l lu Umdum, mmI «t»i#r«»l tttUi 
practics rhiea/ mm*f*g the llo«i*Mi*f* . i*«i* in K7». m »i*«c<q«rffKv W «l»ifl*'« 

««ll u> r«*fjrnr." (Hi tur rv<<>KBn»r«»«lAti.«a %4 A rrhW t b iy Titl«ii*t«i W «»« 
Afip»inc««l i'li3»«riftit (*» tb«- Ktinj Mr ••# tor mmthn€9*i a^wrikl niMi««.* «><#4« 

W. 8TURELEY, 1720. 105 

study Horace whilst at work, which being observd by some Gent, 
was the occasion of his preferment that enabled him by leisure 
to exert his Great Genius. 

5 Jun. 1726. I lefl London in the 38^^ year of my age, at 
that time Censor of the College of Physicians, one of the Councel 
of the royal Society, & Secretary to the Antiquarian Society, in 
the full career of my studys, in the highest favor with all the 
great men for quality, learning or power, to live at Grantham ; 
a resolution tliought of by many, executed b\' very few. I chose 
Grantham, because a very pleasant place, in a very fine country, 
in my own County, & near my estate <!!: place of Nativity at 
Holbech. Here I was in all the public Commissions of i)euce, 
tax, Sewers, A:c., k I knew the use of being amiM with |>ower 
when one lives in the country ; where one must be sure to meet 
with abundance of brutal treatment. For such an extraordinary 
proceding I ought to leave some reasons behind me to justify 
ones conduct for ones own satisfaction, as well as others, ^' >ueh 
they be: 

1. I had a most intire love for the countr>* life A: alwav> 
design *d it, hoping to bettcT my fortune first >onie way or othtT« 
but as I was |>eremptorily res^>lvd never to confine my self 
altojTetlier to London, bv w'*' means only I could follow niv pro- 
fession to emolument, so I expected my great friend>, wlu» 
cnoouragd me in the pursuit of Antiquarian Studys, would have 
made some provision for me f>therwisc. Hut seeing no probitliihtv 
of that after 7 years waiting, 1 was n'solvd to provide for my >ell, 
to get a little money in the Country, where 1 could confine my 
self to practise, iV indulge my self in the pure simple way of ilir 
oountn* life, at the s:nne time. In lt*avin;; the town I re£n*tteil 
nothing but the company which 1 could not ex|)ect to niet*f with 
in the Country. I projiosd to supply that by conven»ing with 
my own mind Si books, Si I satisiyd my self in that matter the 
easier by reflecting how little wiser we found our S4'lvc> by tlie 
best coro|iany in the world ; that in it?« be>t light ^tis no more 
than beguiling our time, ii passing it nion* agreably «V inM*nsibly ; 
ii that if I marryd, as 1 fancy *d I should, the most |iart of that 
time I us*d to spend in company :it Ijondou would In* taken up 
in dorocKtic conversation. 

106 oomioy-PLACs mok. 

2. Health WIS another great eDgagrroent, which I prroeir'd 
wa^ leftnond by linn;:^ in thr town, cft|>ccially the gout grew much 
ufMMi nil', which I thought to check hv countn* air k exercise; 
k 1 enc.iiHHi it i vfan u|)on first going Ui Grsntliam, which pUov 
I chose for the sake of my brotlier living there. 

I %%'ent down in the Ctauitry intending to pass my days in 
Hni*>hiii:: niv Mudv^ uiitin l\ui Druids fur which I had tuade vast 
prefMiration, diving into tlie tenetn, &. myster>s of those old 
|>hiioM)|>liical priests of the |>alriarchal reh'gioti ; I was sttrpriid 
to find thrill M» near ukiii to the i'hriMian doctrtn. Pursuing 
thoM* i»tudy!» to <:reat leiigtli, i, Upcoming enamourd therewith, I 
wii.H iiio\(nl to take the (lO^n ; wh tlie Archhi»hop of* Canterbury, 
Wake, Mronirly |M*niuaded me to. afWr he had ftoiiie intimation of 
my iiitt*ntion. 1 went to Cnndon to be ordaind privately by 
him, the tiay atW my daugliter KniDces was liom. In less than 
3 months :ithT I wai pre^nte<l by L** Chancellor King to the 
Living «»r All S.iintik, Siamfonl. 

In .'i year^ time I liet^me ncMiMblc ot' twi* |Bnnci|ial dirertiona 
of l*r«»\ iilcncv in mv Lite. 1. Whv I »tudvM iihviMck wlien I 
^ent to thi* Univ4T!*itv, wliert* it wa?« inttiMled I idMiuld stuiir 
di\inii\. II. Why I %\a^ |»lacd in 8tamr«*nl. nhiih wa« owing 
(a)i|»art*iitly ) to a mrre c^a^ual gt*ing to vi^gt tlit* iHike of Am^asler 
a ui*«*k iltrr a tiiii** I liail |»n*niiMl. I lii*U*ivc PrxivideiK'C d«*»igod 
tlH*n*bv, lurtictdariv, that I i^ImhiU nif«*t with a reuirtlv t^i an 
lH*rc«litar\ goiit : with«Hit whidi my life woukl ha\f Uvn 4ioft 
»V nii»erablo : gt*iK*rally, that I fthcHiU b«* the instrument of 
|in>|4i;r*<tin;j tliat r\tr.i«»nlinury reimnly u> tin* world : in%c^ted 
li\ hr. It<»ji'n» my |kan^hioiK*r, wh<>«c* l»riitlM*r I «accerdrd in the 
I.ixin;:. Hf iiivnitttl it that \rry yrar I wa* preMntc^l to tbr 
Li\iii;;. I7:f!i. I fLttt-r nuM-ir tlial had I ikiI don«- it, it wocaU 
h:ivr iN»t Uvii taken m^K-t* of, lliat llim'bv I lircaitM* a oici%idrT* 
al»l«' lia'iicl.iftor l«» mankiiiti. Nor lisd I U^v'ti al»le to have* dune 
it but lor tli«* «tiidy (1 prattiM* 4ii |*h\»ii*k : «ihert*tn my |4iins 4 
i^um !.*<««. tV ri'piitatioii, wa» im^im* oI tli*- l«*a«t. I jmlg that 1 nuMlr 
no nM*an di«<^i\er}' in nliat I |hiUi4ii1 u|ajci tin* ^^ilem ; wliicr^ 
toptlit*r miih my aecxmnt ol iIn* ;:uut u\nth a new fuumlmtiuii, 
niakt*« nn* dc*^*r\i* M»iiifwhat ol' tlio wcirkl in tiir m«nliciiial Art. 
Wliat my i^tud\« in divinity will dfir, e«peciaUy in tbr Anti^oity 
part of it lime bmhI jodf . 

W. STUKELET, 1720. 107 

I fiud in reality that, next to the motion of Providence, I was 
stir'd up to a resolution of leaving the Town by an excessive 
love to nature & siuiph'city, whicli is only to be indulged in 
perfection in the Country. A quiet countr}* life, its innocent 
pleasures & employment, especially in Hn agreable garden, the 
sweetness of the air, the verdure, & cheari\ilness of rural scenes, 
naturally tend to allay the passions, to make a man serene, k 
happy in himself, & good k beneficent to all around him. This 
is an imitation of the divine being, consequently n gi'eat step 
toward perfection & happiness. The lightness of the food of the 
various fruits of the Earth, & of animal food when simply drest, 
joinM with temperance and moderate exercise, equally proniott; 
the health of the body, &. fit the mind for improving in useful & 
valuable kuowledg, & for the contemplation of divine truths to 
which I had addicted my self. But the gratifying of pride, 
ambition, luxury, & the eager pursuit after riches, which are too 
much become the business of man, &' the never ceasing round of 
pleasure, show k entertainment, in great k populous London, 
brings with them many afflictions, pains, k diseases of the body, 
anxietys of the mind, nor ever affoni any true ssitisfaction ; 
whereas simple nature is ctontented with a little : k true happi- 
ness consists in wanting little, rather than in |N>ssessing much. 
But, by removing from Grantham to Stamford, I lost the pleasurt* 
of a garden, k pasture for horsekeeping, k by degrees fouixl out 
the gro:it want of literary conversation, without which study i.n 
but trifling. Tliis induced me to come to London, for tht* winter 
season, for 4 years together. By that means I had an op|ior- 
tunity of buying Mr. Butlers house in my own fmrish. To it I 
removed, made it convenient, A: n«>t inele<:ant, but the garden, 
by expcnce, I made beautiful, ^ was content hen* to have ende<i 
my days. But the principal evout producM by my London 
journys was bringing me accjuainteii witli the Lhike of Mont.-igu. 
A sympathy, k similitude of dis|Kisition Ijetween us, tMMin iui- 
provM it into that great friendship he honored me withal, ^ wh 
removed me to London a;;ain without mv desire, but nierelv 
because I had inanv reasons to think it the act of Provi- 

Tho* I \cti 2 livings for one, yet by an easy calculation 1 c''* 


110 . . 






. 10 . 


. 10 . 


. 10 . 






find the ad%'mDtmge« All SainU, Tjrthe p mnn, 110 . 
deduct the %*alue of my Ubur, . 
interest of iiiv Loum*. 
liiTiiiitage, .... 
Cullodeii oloAis 
liowling green clo»e . 
Keeping 2 liorsen. 
Keeping tlie ganlen, 

11(1 . 10 . 
ftu tbat 'tin to be rockun'd m notbin;;. 

Sonierb\ iiiiglit bt* about £40 p ann clear, wh is all 1 ioae bj 
coming to I^indon. But <iur re\cnur in Town ii» incx>m|karably 
bi'tter i»aitl (ban in tlie Lountrv «V I n-eiHi it inoderatelv at £^Jll 
p ann clear. Tboretorc 1 inav lic r^ul to lia\e iiupro%'*d ni\ 
revrnut* til 70 p ann, land t;i\ £iO p ann to be adiled abo\e. 
iir.Nl iinprovtHl. 

AIUt 1 wa<« reMilvtl to live in tbe Country, uiy lord Hartford 
courte^l nit* to ;:oe t4» .Marlbi>n>. wlicre an obi l*bjr»ictan via* 
lately dead. TIua 1 n*fuMl, a^ not inteiMling lull |>rartiiie in tin* 
couiitr}, ubieb 1 reluMi in Tunn. IinltHxIf it mi ba|»|ienM tbal 
tla* rby*iiian of tbe place dwtl michi at'tcr. Dr. Ctn-en ; 4 tlicn 
lM*ean«4* 1 did n«it d<*clan* ag' it« I wa^ drawn in to all tlie prac* 
ti^' ipiite anHiiid I be c^»untry ; ibi* «|uite biiHierd my |MiqM»«4il 
rr|MiM*. .VihI a;;ain tbe gout i»lHmd it« mAf^ which wa» in pome 
iiN*aMin* ow in;; to tlie unM*a««*iiai»le li*>ur« we wen* calM out in 
tti rid*' \9r\ <»f't<*n many inil«*<* in tlaik. odd. wet, niglit*. A l\i* 
in damp U^U ; A tlie bnrry «»f mind A U»ly wh it threw nie into 
A diK-«Mii|H>Mr«l tlir M'n*nity «»l t*ii4*« tlH>n;:bt% whemn tlie chid 
|i|t*a^iire <*f lite i*«»ii«i*t^. I b« «<• «*«Ni«id4'rjii<»n^, with tbt»««* «>f 
mm b m«»re }iii|iortam'e, iiNliH**d ni«* to mirr into Ordrrtk^ a 
liNilHid agn*abl«* to that r%*li;;i«iu« turn of tniinl wh I always lucl, 
wh iii\ f.itlHT «*lrK*r\4*«l A etiiMur.ijol in iim . 

After t^^ \ear« eiiienem*i*. I I«*uimI tin* iii%ttlK4'icfK*v c4 tlir 
CcMintry lite to aifwi-r tbe pur|«»*e of <»iie of my turn A taMr. 
Tli«»' no «»iK» oMiliI relish it Uiler. y t, l«»r want <»f |*ro|«T relirf 
A %;inet\. in ;:tH*>l eY»m|iany A in;:eniiitt« txinteraatiott, the 
f«itdl%^ (if the iitimi Mtik A flag, A at Im*»I tmrk a» our om lar 

W. STUKELEY, 1720. 109 

but said to live a dead life there. And in my situation at Stam- 
ford there was not one person , clergy- or lay, that had any taste 
or love of learning & ingenuity, so that I was actually as much 
dead in converse as if in a coffin. Nay, the people in the 
Country are so for from cndcavorinir to make them selves a^rrc- 
able to one of that sort uf orenlus, that thev shun k avovd vcui ; 
k will by no means herd with you in a familiar way, as conscious 
of their inability to please. 

All this I saw & felt, when divine Providence was ph»asM to 
dispose of me better than I had been able to do my self; k then, 
when I the least thought of it, scarce hoped, or desired it. I^ut 
when I seriously reflected on the Duke of Montagu's offer to nie 
of S** Geo. queen square, I could discern in many respects that 
it was a divine call, to make the remainder of my life from (lO 
more a<;reablo to myself, more useful to mankind k more for 
Gods honor, than the preceding parts of it had been ; that in 
deed all the rest of my life had been but a sort of a preparation 
for this, wherein was the last act, the winding up of the plot to 
be perfbrmd, when long ex|)erieiice \' obs<Tvation in different k 
conspicuous scenes of life had render'd judgm'* somewhat mature. 
But the most agreable thing in London is« that I can enjoy what 
retirement I please, k what company. 

I have had the offer of 6 Livings since in Onlers, Tlie bp. 
of Lincoln, on ordaining me priest, offerd me Holbech, then 
%*acant. L**- Chanc'* Y<»rk offcTd m«» S. Marvs Stamford. Mrs. 
Admms of north street off*enl nu^ a Living in her gilt. Th(*s<* I 
refusd. Tlie 3 that I aeceptc»d of were All Saints Stamford by 
gift of L** Chanc'* King,'" Somerbv by Gnuitham thi» Duk of 
Ancasters gift, S. Georges Queen square the Duk«' of Montagu's 
gift, In all these I took not one farthing from my predecessors 

• Peter King, born at Exeter, ir.<;P. <lic*l I7:*4. He wa* the win of % 
grt)eer^ and intended for the Mime bu»inei(^. Ilin maternal ancle. John I^ocke. 
the philoiopher. left him half his library, which encooraced hit loTe of Ifani* 
ing. He atudietl fimt in Leyden, and afterwards in the Inner Temple. In }^99 
be was M.P. for Reeralston. DeTon. In 17U8 he became Hecorder of London, 
Aod was knighted. In ITOii lie was one of the managerii of tlie House of l*om- 
BOBS on the trial of Dr. ^iacheTere^. In 1714 he wan made Chief Justice of 
Conmon Pleas, in 1726 Raron King of Ockham. 8nrrej. and shortlj after Lofd 
Chanoellor. He wrote a ** History of the Apostles* Creed.** Icc^JMm, |i. Sm. 

110 coamuK-rLACB auoB. 

executors for diUpiditions or the like ; bat by all mj 

I waA exonuuvely ill used. Brin|rburst in one ; Ried in the oilier. 

8' Godfrey Kiieller Mid of S' Ja. Tbombilb^ peinting at 
(f rrnewich II<»!«pital that It wa.% very suiuble to the place because 
all tlie Figiireai were lame : wben lie was fold tbat Ur. Ricbardsoo 
Mii«i of S' li. coloring fading!, be an^werd it was Mr. Its mi»for- 
tuoe tbat bis colors beld i, presenci by tbat means bis bad work. 
He Niy!i tlie lie^t proof of a Devil i« tbe necessity of contrast, as 
dis(HirdA are necessar}* to bannony, so GckI & evil, ligbt L dark- 
iifM. S' Godfrey was ambitious of dying ricber tban any 
fiainter before bim. He lof^t niucb in the S. Sea bubble by 
sul>9cribing bis annuitys which seizd upon bis spirits k was one 
main cause of bis death. 

Dr. Jurin** was brought up at the blue coat hospital ; then 

ScboiiJm' at Newcastle, or Usber ; tlicn •cut for by Mr. Maur. 

•lobnMin to lie tutor to bis pan. G>roing to Ix>ndoQ be bappeod 

lu marry a ricli widow at Tunbrid;: WelK He wa» of a rtifT, 

t*4>nnul, awknard air, k carriage; bt*ing much alllicted with 

gravel, be foun<l out a better way of takin;: lixivium for it, or 

»oap k*e<i. S' Hob. Walfiole took it by bit order till it quite 

fM^irialetl lii% l»lad<lrr« d be lay a week in tbe cruelrM torture 

lN*fon* be expiri««l. Ha|>|»y for him if tbat be hi» la»t tonnenc, 

wlio made it bi« mihIv and avowed paqio«r to deliauch the morab 

tif tin* nation. 

A p4o«» SmUIi. b« 6f4 •! Isit. 

AmI «Im« b« ft I* b«a««aa gato 

H« flofid s«liU«. b«l dmru aoi kmoek, 

For »bf * b« BMAnt to |4ck ikt lock. 

" >if Jtm«« TKomliill. nf^hem ol Dr. 9jr<ic«ikaai. bom ai WtfiKivf li. |i 
i\%t%\ 17.14 He mm0 a |«inler. ao<l ditfJATeil liu art no iW Cw«m oI M. faora, 
(irvrfiwich llui^MUl, and llaai^<Mi Coort r^alart. Tim ku work oo iIm 
•4 ^ Paal* h« oa» poMl 40 »killiotf« per aiioart far«l. arvorlloff u» N< 
Wal|ii»)r Mr «a* pr iftnpa] |«iot«f U» Q. Aaoo . a»4 «aa kaiffblod hf O aa tfi 
I. Ii«^anh aiamrvl ki* daagkUf — Af«f#o. |». 107?. 

• JaoifoJonn. bnm I^M.dMd I7d0. Scvman lo ft Ji. f ^ iilJtatal tW 

i*<4}rf« *4 f>jmrtmn^ Ho wtnu |>«pm vm riii ln a n pkiea l mmA Moidical aakiicia ; 
a»«« kail a ilitfoir vilk MickolkiU oo tko aMCioa ol mtntmU . vtik K«UI aa^ 
!««f»ar tm iko ■n4ioii ol ik» kooft : vtik ftokiM afMi 4 a m M mm nnoa ; aa4 wMk 
el tiilkalta ea (teaattse iwi. Jkiiii^ 9^ Ml. 

W. STUK£L£Y, 1720. Ill 

There are many reasons why the druids were so fond of 
misletoe. One was that it was a most beautiful plant, flourishing 
in winter time. 2, that it was produced in an uncommon man- 
ner: not by the ordinary' procedure of nature, & indeed by a 
secret & unknown manner. 3, that it came to its high maturity 
at mid winter when all nre lyes dormant. 4, that it was ujx)n 
many of these accounts a type of the expected Messiah. 

3 reasons why the Druids were fond of fox gloves. 1, The 
purple flower is in color & sha|)c like the patriarchal priestly 
miter. 2, the plant flowers at the time of midsummer sacrifice. 
3, for its great medicinal virtues. 

Dr. Mead'"^' has a gootl share of leann'ng, well versd in the 
classics, both Greek & Latin, k has made several just criticisms 
in them. His parts are pregnant enough to render him master 
of anything he has a mind to, iV: that he can apply him self to. 
l^ut his want of leisure not ]K*rmittiiig that, li<* pins his judgm'* 
in most things upon other folks. A: giMierally is unhappy in tlu* 
choice of his confidents who proy upon his gtiod nature A: gener- 
ositv. *Tis the fate of all men raisM to anv liei;iht, whether bv 
merit or fortune, to be weak on the side of flattery. When we 
have been long plye<l with engines that aftwt our vanity, we 
begin to think our selves a greater < *olossus than the fawning 
world takes us for, 6i whos magnitude subsists no longer than 
they derive present lienefits from us. From 1717 to 1723 I had 
the most intimate converse & familiaritv with him. Then he 
op|)osd me in being S<*cretarv to Royal S<»ciety. This Ijegat 
some coolness betwi^eu us, to wh may be addi*<l, tho' I had a 
great res|)ect for him, I could not flatter him enough for his 
digestion. Dr. Mead, tho* he has excellent parts ^ learning, 

" A divtinfniiobcd I'hrfliciiin. iwm of Matthew Mciul. m nonconfoniiint 
diTine. bom 1C73. He took bin deprei* of I doctor of riijsic Mt Pailua, ir»!l5. 
Physician U» M. Thnmu't Huspiul. KiKi. In 1704 uppearcii bin treatinc, ** I>e 
imperio —\U ac lunas in oi>rf)nre humano, et morbiH in<l« oriunUiN.** F.K.S. 
I70t;. ("ailed in cr<ini*u1tation two darn before Queen Anne*t death. Hin rvaent- 
Dent aitainiit WotMiward waa carrie<! to an cxcciitionable leni^th. Fellow of 
College of PbTpiciana, 17 10. Pbyaician in Drdinarr U) Georire II. in 1727. 
Diel in 1754, and waa baried in the Temple Church. '^Ckslmen^g Gem, Bi^f.^ 
ToL uL, p. 506. 

112 cuimoy-PLAcK book. 

jet is deficient in whit we mij call ooromon leiiiie: knowing 
noihin^ of comon life, but what tlie tools t sycophants aboot 
him direct him in. Tlio* hifi fa' ma^ a man eminent for religion 
in hin way, Inmii^ one of Olivers puritans^A: no doubt imbo*d bis 
children with ;:fMMl notion* of rt*li;:ion, yet the Dr. has ahaolotelr 
abnndond :ill protr^Mon of n*li;n<»n. I take it in great measure 
to l>e t»win;v to ihrir never ^'oing to Ch. but pursuing tbeir lucre. 
If the\ never M*ek to God^ p.ny no addresses to him, be forsakes 
'em A: thi* Devil takes >m. Tlii« in uni%'ersallr the case of the 
PhyMcianit, A, this makes the Dr. fall into the moat abject 
in^tnnoe1« of dccrepid amonm. Dr. 3Iead spent one half of bis 
sul»Mance to p*t a eharact' lite other half to lose it His eharae'' 
be stole with one liand. thn>ws it awav with the other. He was 
bnm in 1672. 

Tlie «cit nee of Physic is now a days in a great measure losl« 
k it may pro|M>rIy !« called art, in which practioe consiala a 
lea^rue lietween a few doctom, pi>licar}*Sy t surgeons, who play 
into OIK' nnotliorM hand» A; keep out all other gamesters. 

.Mu^ie. 1/ Pembroke toM me, VJ Jan. 17ff-3, that the 
tiiM'^t |M*ire of .Mu<»ic in tin* world is that calld Non nobis Domine, 
coni|»*iMi in tlin-e pt^ hy one Mr. Bird,** an Englishman, wbo 

•• Willmm HirtI «»• a pvpil ol Tallit. TW esact date el bis Mctb Is Ml 
kii«*«rn Ue iltr«l 4 Jvly, |Ci3. In Ike rteoH el hf Jwlfc be to S^yM **tlM 
KaiUr mC Mu»irk . muA in l^TI Ihtm^ Tn«iktM cslU liia •* s «c * f 1." Re 
vft* »rtit..r rl*<»riMrr **1 M I'ttal* fti ihc mettmt^m €4 Q. Mary ia ISSa^ and hf 
»atr li^ pff^amrd to t« 14 or I J jrar* old tbra. Ha wrala aoaa Maana 9m M. 
iHinr*. antl «a»of»cof ilir pf tiirtfiaJmtitnl*«tov« to Qatt a IUaal««li*t ** yiffftaal 
H—.k \>T l*rf«uTh (l.'SD) aitril^ite* ** Noo Nobis Duaiaa** la biai. Or. 
Ilart.rr Mf* that it i* f<>«n«l «ith Hinla aasM la Hiltaa't ** Caleb Ibai calcb 
can " but iKai i» nM the caae in Ikr editioat ol lASf and ICSa A aa^ 9i thm 
canon i« mkI u> lie prr^rvrtl la iKe Vatican, cnetavad aa a foM pUia. a belt* 
ttfr mmtr )i«vr «»»crit>| it i«> l« riilc«inna*a In a Piadane CV|a by Harbtfl. 
aiiln Miol !•• I>r. H:*«r. it u mmI «»f the |lfiti*b Hrbml 

" TWy f «*Mi4 Mrs ttt sMSm ImMm ftiM 

W. 8TUKJELB7, 1720. 113 

livd in the time of H. VII. This was acknowledgd by the Popes 
M'- of Music. Next to this is the Miserere, set about the same 
time by Aloisi Prenesti* (or Palestrini) an Itah'an, which is only 
song on the frydays of Lent, in the Capella Paulina at Rome. 
*Tis in four pts, & pformd by 40 voices without instruments, who 
have but one book, which is above 5 foot long 2 broad. The 
notes are 2 inches long. Each part is sung by 10. My Lord 
aays the effect of it is beyond all expression Divine. It takes up 
an hour & ^. The former is but one verse, & canon wise, but so 
delicate that it never tires. The Popes M*^* said he was sure the 
Author was two or three year' in composing it ; & that one would 
imagine he was inspird. 

Hen. Moor* dyd after a fright of a fictitious spirit, being too 
credulous of such appearances. He read Platos works many 
times over. He was bom in the great old house on St Peters 
hill, the west side, over ag^ Mr. Ashton^s new house. He ownM 
Ingoldsby living, which he gave to the College of Cambridg 
(Christs) where ha was brought up. 

In the year 1730, when I came to reside in Stanford, I 
brought some of the balsam plant & foxgloves, wh I set in my 
garden. The next year I saw none of them. This year, 1735, 
a root of each sprang up from a seed. Thus it requires 5 years 
to bring forth these seeds. Thus our bodys shall deposit soma 
indissoluble particle, the seed of eternity, which shall spring 
forth in due time, be filled, & stretched out into its proper form, 
with some new spiritual matter, so as to become a heavenly body, 

* OioTanni Pietro Luigi da Palestrina. or Johannei I'ctrus Aloibius Pnenet- 
tinua, born 1529, died 1594. In 1561 he became chapcl>master to Pope Julini 
IIL He aaved tbe mnaic of the Roman church. It waa very oearlj being 
eondemned, and the whole church offidallj reatricted to the peverest Plain 
•ooir. The ** Miata Papn Maroelli ** was the work which prevented rach a 

* It doea not Mem likdj that Bird ahonld hare Uken lo long a time to 
write a eaDOB. 

* Heniy More, born 1614, died I6S7. He wai educated at Cambridge, 
where he applied himaelf to the atndj of the Platoniita. Hii chief worka wcte 
•^ Conjectora CabaliiUca ; ** ** A Kej to the BcTelaUona : ** ^ An Apology for 

;** ** The Inunortalitj of the Sonl ; ** kc He was one of the 

of Ib0 BA— .Bmc#», p. 7M. 



Sl tho same tpeotfic bodj : throwing off* the comiptibk aimI poW 
ting CD the inoomipiible. 

The miuUnl toed in the CrojUnd ditches new acoared it 

Tho Duke of MonUgu* gmre Mr. Brouj^hton iho Livinf? of 
Barnwell by Oundle ; & he went into Onlem for it, from a piT 
life. The Duke made him promiiie solemnly not tn lieha^e in 
any tort to as to disgraoe the Oown he had tskm. The Duke 
in aspect was extremely like that Earl of Manchester who was a 
Taliant commander ag^ King Cha. I. in the civil warn : a« I 
found by a print of him at that time. I have often oliservd a 
strange similitude of disposition betw. the I), ii my»elf ; the same 
desire of being in company of those that know more than ones 
self ; the same philosophic disfiosition ; tin* same natural modesty 
k regard for the fair sex, thinking there is frmerally somewhat 
divine in them ; k the very same merciful dift(K>«i(ion k horror 
ag^ any sight or discourse of cruelty ; that humane ci>mmisirnitioii 
of misfortune ; that tenderness toward k love of animals as taket 
great pleasure in doing kind things to *em ; that «ame c^ieneiM of 
heart k temper as despises all disguisn ; that Minie low of our 
country : the same loyal disposition ; the Mime nnl courage 4 
fearlessness ; the same regard to antiquity ; th<* Mime high nuticm 
of true friendship; the same gratitude f<*r fa%oiir* ; tlie same 
slighting of injury, injustice ; k had be not be«n bom a miUe* 
man k of heathen bringing up, we sh^ havr liad the same li»Te 
br religion. I often made great imprrt^sioos in hi« miml on that 
bead, but Mr. Folks*s company, (*ha. Stanhu|ii*«, Mr. Uakrr, 4 
the like irreligious, effaced *em. 

We had exactly the same taste for oM family mncmis^ 
geoealogys, pictures, furniture, coats of ann«, tlir t»ld way ol' 
building, gardening, k the like ; in a general imitation of pmim 
nature, in the Gothic architecture, in |aintc«l ;:laiui, in ihi* opett 

Om Geltaft si PkjMCiSM^ la 1717. H« wm oTum prr««i m iW tkUtvf^ «| 
OnUMM. sa4 sft Um saaaal <iaaefi> Umut ih^trmi a| tlw CM- 
MScr«llWOfesAWM<drolit; CokiMl of ^tal !!»»•. «U««r«U. K.O ; 
OffMd iUMr at Om OrSsr •! Om B«U ; rnwy Cmmc»Uu« . V Ha I»h^ «I a 
la 1T4S, a^Bi m^Mmmk'$ MM tf CMt^f tf fk^me^ms^ V«i. il^ ^ ^ 

W. STUKELEY, 1720. 115 

hearted, candid, undesigning, & free manner of converRation. 
Had be been brought up to learning he w^* have made great 
proficiency in it He had a very good knack of drawing & 
designing. He had a very sagacious & penetrating genius. He 
had a thorough knowledg of the world, of men & things, of 
human nature ; a high sense of honor, justice, integrity, a sweetr 
ness of temper, kind, courteous & affable, easy of access, no 
greater pleasure than that of doing good, unmeasurably charit- 
able & beneficent, generous, tender sentiments, compassionate, 
easy & free in his deportment, a heart truly noble & generous, a 
ready wit & elocution, a vast memory, forgetful of nothing but in- 
jurys, extremely temperate & continent in his natural disiK)sition, 
a great encourager of learning & of arts, & industry, hospitable 
he had an exact knowledg in military affairs & gunnery, in the 
management of an army. He served under the Duke of Marl- 
boroogh his fa'* in law, for whom he had a great veneratio, & had 
he been bom to less fortune & taken to arms, I am persuaded he 
w'- have been a consummate General. He was very tall in 
stature, of a good shape & symmetry y His aspect was- grand, 
manly & full of dignity, his carriage genteel, polite. He appeared 
very gracefully on horseback. He spoke french with the gresitest 
fluency, & the best of any man in England, as has been obser>''d 
by the French them selves. To sum up all in few words, he may 
ri^tly be styled a true English Nobleman. 

8'* Isaac Newton, when Dr. Woodward quarrePd with S'* 
Hans Sloan at the Royal Society by saying I can^t help your 
irish understanding, turn'd him out of the Councel, saying, we 
allow you to have natural philosophy but expell you for want of 

When S'* Isaac was at Grantham School a lad, he us*d to be 
entting of sticks & tn'ing mechanical fancys, &, neglectiHl bis 
learning, till dull boys were put over his bead, & this excited 
him to redouble his pains to overtake them again, ^ he could 
soon goe beyond them when he pleased. 

Dr. Barrow said of his pupil that himself truly knew some- 
what of the mathematics, but that be was a child in comparison 
of Newton. So S'* Isaac, as I have heard| was put to second 


poteiof^ at taking hit batchelor of arts degree^ not baring applvd 
himaalf to tboae kind of ttudya they examine in. 

S*' laaao was bom on Christinas dar 1642, as be told me 
Apr. 1, 1726. When a young bd at Grantham he kidg*d at 
my Cosens Mrs. Clark/ next door north of the George Inn. 
Mr. AMerman Kirk telU me he was school fellow to him bat 
somewhat younger; that S'- I»aac, when a boy, was ever rery 
busy at some mechanical knicknack, as making a dock of wood, 
k a dyal that went by water drop[>ing, k kite* of paper witli 
lighted candles at the tail in (Kiper lantbonis, whidi be fim 
introduced here, k that th<*y alTrighted the country peopi rcrj 
much. When Gunwaniby wtmimill was fint net up at this tinM, 
S' Isaac made a model of it in wood, k tfauft in thos hit youngctt 
years did that immenv genius discover it nelf, tbat Mnce has 
filled, or rather comprehended, tlie world. 

My Cox. Ralf dark says it was his Grandfii' that 8* U lodgd 
withal, when a schoolboy, k thst when other lad« were at play 
he was ever busy at wme mechanical experiments ; that in tbeir 
}nird lie noted the bourn of the suns motion by pegs driven imo 
the wall, for two year together, k at length cookl tfU the time of 
day to great exactness by it ; that he beg*d a box of hi* great 
unde or Grandmo** l»ro' which he made the water dral of, a 
piece of wood ri»ing by dr\>pii of water ; that his wimlmill waa 
made to turn by [Hitting a moune into it ; that his fa' being dead, 
k mo' calling him from Sc*boi>l to manage the fiirra at Woltttkoqp, 
be A the serv' , a trusty old man, tiad to come to »ercat at 
Grantham together to pell what merrati they broughc, as can 
Ac, petting up their lionif« at thr inn by the George, now tlie 
Sarareii* heail, but that S' !«., in^Oantly upon alighting, went lo 
Mrs. Clark « gam*t> among iM>m«- oM U^oks tbi-n*, Iraring tlie 
man to manage mi-n^ating^ That Mr. Stokes the Seboolm*' 
remonstrated to hit mo' Ih)« iniprop it m as to take him hum 
School, 4 that b«* would Df^cT Ik* eafialJ of managing cuvntrr* 
mana buMne**, « hich hi^ nw' cmicitrrd in« oh >er%ing he ever mi 
under a hedg reading a UM»k or cntttag slick*, ttui miBdiaft tke 

W. STOKELET, 1720. ill 

sheep or watching the com, or even remembering to come home 
at dinner time. 

Mr. Stokes, too, promisd that his learning should be no expence 
to her, so kept him till he was fit for the university, & at sending 
him away set him in a conspicuous place at the school, & made a 
speech to the boys in praise of him with tears in his eyes. 

A man, his wife, maid, & child, lay together in a room new 
plaister'd at Westgate in Grantham, & were found dead in the 
morning with the steam of the lime, a fire being in the room too, 
to dry it as they supposM, bastenM the deadly blow. This story 
I often heard at Grantham among the plaisterers, at length ask'd 
what time this happend, but it was before any of their memory, 
whence it occur'd to my mind that it was the very accident IS'* 
Isaac Newton told us of at the Boyal Society, when I chanced to 
take the minutes there for Dr. Halley. 

Upon admission of some learned foreigner into the royal 
society, who made a latin speech as is the custom in France & 
elsewhere, S'* Isaac answerd him in latin extempore, k very 
handsomly, as I was told by those that heard it 

Verses made by the llcv. Mr. Vernon, of Redmil, on the 
Countess of Granesborough meeting the soldiers in Horn lane 
going to quell the northern rebellion, about A*** 1715, set to 
musick by Mr. Marcband. 

Thftlettris armi. with apear mod shield. 
And beautj guutla her to the field. 
Hark ! how the brazen trumpet soundn. 
See. see. the ncif^hing courser bounds. 
Vc Britons ruHh into the war, 
The fair instructs jou how to dare, 
I'untue her track in glorious deeds. 
Thaleittris arms, and beautj leads. 

Great Geor;;es right religious cause 
The Charmer to the battle draws. 
What heart so Aeroc, or soul so brave. 
Her frowns cant kill, or smiles enslave. 
Triumph will sure attend her arms, 
As oooquest waits upon her charms. 

Jeny Nedhaui, M'* of Q. Coll.« Cam. made a long epitaph 


to be pot on his tomb at Sunwick. Dr. Beotlej' nkl be wooU 
oomprize bit wbole life in a dittich, wbidi be did eztacnpore, 
tbut: — 

voXXa fay^¥ ii woXXa wi¥^v ^ woXXm mm 9tww¥ 

One rem«on why I did not enter on the study of dirinitr, tm 
my fa' intended wben be sent me to the UniTeruty, was an 
apprebension I had of the weakneM of my lungn, k a oonHimp- 
tive habit , being taller than my &'* they thought me like my 
grandfa'* Bullen, who was of that diapoattioo. 

^Vben I livd at Grantham the DueheM of Ancaater aent nm 
an Otus, or homed Owl, (according to my own request), aa a 
curiuaity. It dy*d, k I buryad it in my garden. This gave 
great offence to iu kindred, the geotlemen 4 aqoiraa of Gnuit- 
ham, who encouragd the mob lo aboae me upon it The trucli 
wan, they were glad of ao trifling a handle to show their envy 4 
malice. Upon burgfaiMng at Stamford, Noel and hia jaoobile 
(larty took the* loiine bandk*. I might tell then I bujy*d a 
bullHncb in my ganieti in Sumfurd that dy*d there, k it would 
much bctt<T bccouK* thc*m to run about town, k make such a 
noiM? aa tbey doe at tbrir lov*d baU-running* ; or to aiaial their 
diveraicmn I amid prom|>t *em in a eoiig which we bom over 
wlien dandling child re, k h en* they to watch my empty unguarded 
minutes t}K*y might fierbap* catch me at it. 

thBC donff bell. 
Tbc emu fftlla ttk wall ; 
yMho ihrrw bcf is. 
Little Jarky Urmi. 
WUl a kMrr «w tiMt, 
To dfova |«or p«a eal, 
HIm Acwr did uo karm. 
Bttt cat<rlit a momm %tk bara. 

• HtchmrA llratWy, bom mi (Hilt«m. Yoftablfv. liai ; diad lUt. rti rTii 
tr. Wakrarl.l •cU(«»l, vhrsor H# ««at to K iolMi*t CaUifc OlMbr.. al tat mMff 
a«rr of I :• hecmmr U—tet of Tnaii j (*nll«fv ; and brid tbia afiynlaf wt vMb 
tbe ArrhtiemetHtry oi Klj . and afterward* lirfiaa Trmtmmm al Dinailj Hia 
ai«enAU«>0 utt tbc fraaiacttcwol tba E^iailaa«l 
taikM la Earopt at a crMic-- JMm, p^ %0k 

W. 8TUKELEY, 1720. 119 

Fulgentius, lILythologj II. says an Owl is sacred to Minerva, beo* 
Wisdom, even in obscurity, shines ; but even Noel, for his 
interest, deserted his Jacobite party ; & I lived to see all my 
prime persecutors deserted by Burlegh, & the town of Stamford, 
together with Burlegh, desert Jaoobitism. 

Obits of my acquaintance. 1722. 

Philip Ball, of Holbech, my most intimate fH* when a lad, & 
all my schoolfellows, are long since dead, except the rev^ Mr. 
Amb. Pimlow. 

John Ratcliff, Tom Carr, Jacob Davey, Tom Rands, Tom 
Topham, Sam King, Pas. Stephens, &c., dead. Tom Duke, Sa. 
Doughty, Ambrose Pimlow, 3 Sept., 1750, my schoolfellow, & 
the last alive. Rector first of Castle acre, wh Living I got of Mr. 
Cha. Bertie & Mr. John Newton, trustees for Mr. Cook of Norff. 
for my fi^' many years agoc. Then he was p'sented to Dunham 
mag. by Swaf ham, where he dy 'd. He left the University about 
tlie time I went. A good scholar, & excellent divine, & one of 
great honesty, &, simplicity of manners. He gave himself up too 
much to a habit of smoking ibr 50 years together, wh cany^d off 
all the soap of the blood, & killd him at 67. 

1748. Since I came at last to London, the bp. of Ely^ 
Butts ; Mr. Neal of bedf"^* row ; rev^* Mr. Stephens, Mrs. Polling- 
ton ; Coz. Lovis Stucley, Jul. 5 ; the learned Mr. Gram of 
Copenhagen; Dr. Tancred Itobinson, 29 Mar., a*t 90. Dr. 
Briggs* of Holt, NoHf., of our Coll. Cambr. Mr. Dyer of grays 
inn, with whom my acquaintance began 1701, in Staples inn; 
^ many more, are dead. 

' Henry Briggt, U.A.. born in London in 16S7, edocstad in the Charter- 
Hou«e SchiK>I. ailmitteil into the College in 1703. He wm the ton of Dr. Wm« 
Briggi. Fellow of the •anic Collegt\ who married Hannah, onljr daoghter and 
heireM of Edmund Uobart, of Holt, gent, (defended from the Lord Chief 
Ja«tioe). Henrj Brigga became Rector of Holt in 1722, and of Letheriogictt 
in 1741. Created D.D. in 1729 ; Chaplain to the King. Died 1748, i«ed 61w— 
MMsUrt*s ITut. rf Or/., p. 250. 


Ud9 b Uie )oomc7 *' * wiaitrt dij, 
Whtrt mao J braakf aaC, 4 tkm pam aw^. 
8<MM f«w tfUj dioocr, 4 depart fall fad, 
Fawar that aap befora thaj go to bad. 
TKa chambarUin. daafh, ukaa away tiMtr lifkU 
Thnoa bappj thtj to wboai ba bida food aif bt ; 
Wbo. after reac, to a oew moth ariaa 
To day wtthooi a nifbt. It baaTcnlj Joya.* 

MartA Stakaicy Aim Willi Sukalay racioria ob. JO How. 170. JKl. 1 1. 

Pleanure? menUl ; bow much thej exeaed ■eiuoalitv it 
evident by the delij^ht |)eople Uke in recoaoting pMl aUiffaciioa*, 
if it be but of a hunting chmne, where it i» self evident how 
a mail magnifyt every little |>art of the direrMoo of the dar, 
6i tliere hcaraal to a Friend at night infinitdj exooeda the 

PbiloMipher ; on« whoa aoul it of tune with the ereatioo, 
the* beauty k order of the world delighta him hoc* tia oomort' 
pitch with him, othera it affecta noC 

Laat week, it ia aaid, died at Kinrer, a amall nUaga 
Uridpiorth^ in the oounty of Salop, one Robert Parr, a^rod If 4. 
He wan Great Graodaon of old Tbomaa ParTi wbo Uaa bttriad ia 
\Vt*atminaUT Abbey, and died in the Reign of King Chariaa the 
Second. What ia remarkable, the Father of Robert waa abow 
lOl*, the Grandfather 113, and the Great Graodlacber, tbe aaad 
Tliotnaa, ia well known to have died at tbe aoMiiog Age of 

* Tbcrc M auocbar varaioa al tbia Cpitaf4i ta tba cbarcbyard 9i bL 
tbe Le««, Caabndca. " U Maaory al Joba tMawait, wba diad Jaly U, ITTt, 

*• ai» li ak» • wiutm'B a^. 

«^f l iii it ia. Mi away. 



A taUmnaf mmn of Sbropabira. brusfbl to Laadaa by tbe Bad wi 

lu ha^ Uiaic 1^* ycarri U afa. aad la parfaei baaUb ; baiiba jaafwy. aad 

W. STUKELET, 1720. 121 

My Pictures, 1726.»« 

L^ Pembroke, by Wissen, disciple of S'* P. Lully. 

[Wissen is buryed in S. Martins Ch at Stamford. I gave S'* 
Theod. Mayem" to Dr. Milward, painted by him. I gave a good 
picture of Dr. Pitcaim*' to Mr. Bell, Surgeon]. 

An original of Mr. Camden. 

•My own, by S'- Godfrey Kneller, 1720. 

J. Hill, J.C., by HiU. 

Mart Luther, in manner of Holben. 

Anne BuUen. 

Ann of Denmark, wife to Ja. L 

Rubens, by his own hand, copyd in printed colors by le Blond. 

My grandfa'-, Jo. Stukeley, of Uffington. 

Young. Verrio. 

Tho. Williamson, parson of Ticbmarsh. 

•Harry VIII. 

S^' Peter Lully, an original, by his disciple S'* Basingbom Gandy 

My profile, by Collins. 

My father, by Turing. 

*01d Hobson, a drawing and a print 

Great Grandmother, Bacon, drawing. 

Popes profile, an original, by Kneller. 

Serjeant Surgeon Wiseman, given to Surgeons ball. 

Old Tho. Johnson, by Highmore. 

** Pictures marked (•) are in the pOMeauon of the BaT. H. F. SL John. 

" Sir Theodore (or Torqoettoi) de Majreme, the King*! PhyBieian, was 
buried March 29. 1656, aged S2. He was Baron of Aobon in France ; Phjaidan 
in Ordinaiy both to King Jamet and King Charles ; and a |ienon of eminent 
note in hia profession, of whom several learned men of Oermanj and France 
haTe made honoorable mention, even 50 jears before his death. — Peek's Iksid, 
Cur,, p. 5S6. 

^ William Pitcaira, eldest son of the Rer. Darid Pitcaim. minister of 
Dysart, Fifeshire. was bom 1711. His mother was Catherine Hamilton, a 
relative of the ducal family of that name. He studied physic under BoerhaTe, 
at Leyden ; and became prirate tutor to James, 6th Duke of Hamilton, whilst 
that nobleman was at Oxford. At the opening of the Raddiffe Library, in 1 749, 
the University conferred on him the degree of M.D., by diploma. Fellow of 
the College of Physicians in 1750. Oolstonian Lecturer in 1753. President of 
the College of Physicians in 1775. F.B.8. He published nothing. Died 
1791, and was buried in the Church of 8t. Bartholomew the Leas. His portrait, 
by Sir Joshua Bcynolda, is ia the Ooltege of Phyddaaa.— Jfwa*s RM ^ ike 
CMif 9f Pk^tUkuu, YoL U., p. 1 72. 


Jane Shore. 

Anna Bullen, two piciurea. 
Nevil, L^ Latimer. 
*My mother, patntod in oils. 

My grandmo'* Stukeloy (Croaland) a painting on paper by 
S' P. Lely. 

Hy grandmo' WilliamBon. 
Hy aunt Williamson. 
*Sttter WilliamM>n, profile drawing;. 
• My whole length picture, 6i my wifcs, by ( ollina. 
A copy of my picture, from Knoller, by Dcllow. 
Mr. Roger Gale, when a bd. 
My picture in clerical habit, by Wills. 

Proverbd. As i^nod as a mold waqi. Yorksk'* SiKxi, smooth. 
Henct! Snodingiiam, Nuttiu;:ham, Waq>-warlL 

In the year 1710, 1 left atUnding Dr. Mead at S. Tbo. 
hospiul, k fixed to practice Physic at boston, in the month of 
Mav. The 2d year in that month 1 eroded a botanic Club. 
The a|iothecarys and I went out a simplin;; once a week. We 
bought Ilays C folios of a joint stock. 

In the year 1717, I came to Ixmdon. My purpose was to 
lead a life of study d curiosity. I found that I could redeem 
my eatate from the incumbrances, k tho* small, yet by liring 
pnmtely, it w^ support mc in a method I liked. I tlaougbt it 
not worth while to sfieod my whole time in gvtting UHiory. I 
dioae to do it in the improireni' of my mind. 

I was much interest«<d in thi* foumling the Antii|uarian 
Society thin year. I wa* tln-ir fir*t Sttretan* for the H years I 
lived in Town. 1 brought L^ llartfi»nl, A Winchelsea, to it. 
The first continues still to be tht'ir pre»idc*nt. 

I was the fimt |ier«on made a fre«* mam»n in IxhmIoci for many 
years. We had gn*at difficulty to find tnemiiers eooo^ to per* 
form the crmneny. lmm«Hliatrly after that it took a nan, 4 ran 
it 0elf out of bn*ath thn»* the Mh of the nieml«*rs. 

I began a vertuoso tucetiog in Avcmar\' lane. 

1 began aaodMr IB Oimsgv sinxly aim in my wwa |«uriak Wt 

W. STUKSLET, 1720. 123 

had old Mr. Johnson's pictore hung up in the room. We paid 
for painting it, by Highmore. I have it still. My old fr^*, the 
ingenioas councellor, James Hill, pronounced a discourse therei 
memariterj about the druids. 

June, 1726, being sadly plagu'd with the gout, I retired to 
Ghimthiun, thinking by country exercise to get the better of it, 
& by means of that, & a method of life, & management wh I 
found out, I was not dissappointed in my expectation. Here I 
set up a lodg of freemasons, wh lasted all the time I lived there. 

Mr. Peck visited me, & we made a monthly meeting at Crox- 
ton, afterward removed to Belvoir. Mr. Warburton, Mr. Smith, 
old Mr. Vernon, &c., met there. It oeasM when I left Grant- 

Feb., 1730. I went to my rectory house in Stamford. I set 
up the clergyman's monthly book, which subsists to this day. I 
set up a monthly meeting vnih Mr. Peck & others at Greetham, 
wh we remov*d to market overton. It lasted not long thro 
country party. 

I set up the monthly meeting at West deeping, wh subsisted 
till I left Stamford, in Feb., 1748. 

I endevor'd twice to erect a truly literary Society at Stamford, 
by the name of Brazen nose society, but in vain. I fiUd some 
quarto books*' with the memoirs, but as at first I might say, 
quorfi pars magna fui, in a little time pars tota. 

I found I committed an original error in going to Grrantham, 
because of my brother living there, for one commonly finds less 
friendship among relations than others. 

Dr. Raddiff once telling a story of an old woman patient he was 
sent for, & finding her dying, &, the people rubbing her head in 
order to recover her, bid *em rub on as commending them, k so 
says he I rubbed off. 

A clergyman told Dr. Raddiff there was no certainty in the 
art of Physic ; yes, says the Dr., as much as in yours. We 
bind & we loose with equal certainty. 

Raddiff, when he lived in Bloomsbury, a ]iavior brought 

** A lsrg« namber of ▼oluoiet of Minniet of thia Socicij are in the 
aoo of BCT. H. r. 8L Joha. 

Ii4 coimmc-PLACK book 

him in a bill for pa\'ing bis door, Um Dr. never caring to part 
witb money, put bim off from time to time. Tbe man waiting 
for bim coming out U>z*d bim for pajr. Tbe Dr. told bim he 
bad not done lii?^ work well. Tbe man aver*d it was well done, 
Sl appeald to bis omn view. You fellows, says tbe Dr., as soon as 
you have finisbd your work throw earth upon it to hide the 
fimlts. Tbe |Nirior reply *d, tbe earth bides other peoples faults 
besides ours. Pay off the rogue, says the Dr. 

On Raddiff. 

Tc ■Mdima Natium dcdit, Boltua •ddidii omm. 

Art Boltam. ingcmo Md aioor ilia l«o. Msmmtmfk m m . ** 

Dr. Tancred RobinM>n. A certain similitude of natures soon 
made bim take* notice of me, k sdmit me among bis most inti- 
mates, k be U5*d to \'isit me frequently with the ^^reatest good 
nature. He in sn excellent pb}*»ician, yet tbe worU us*d bim 
less k less, for no other reason than tlmt they are fond of erery 
new thing, lie is a most indefatigable reader, k becomes nuuler 
of every thing be readii. Nothing can be mentiond in tbe whole 
compass of learning but be knows it, k will talk excellently well 
upon it Botany k all iwrtji of natural knowlcdg are bit favorites, 
yet in matters of snti<|utty, k critical learning, k hittory, be is 
perfectly well ver»*d. He has bought a very copiout k excellent 
library, 4 knowt it tliorougbly. In conversation he i% xery often 
and facetious, a great politician, in eoflce bouaes bis custocn i» 
to smell on bit di»b of coffee tiU its cold. He duni not drink it 
becaute it affect* hU nrr%'t*s. He dyd i!* March, 1747-^. I had 
tbe |»lesurr of once ^ititing him upon my return to live in Lon* 
doo. He Mt*m*d cxtremelv cbearful, talkd lin*k. but said the 
lower part of bim wa» dead. 

Grvat men, when thev retire into the countn* (from the 
capital), wlit-n* t|jr\ iiia\ U*tier fKirMie tbi*ir olMcnsticmt of 

** Mr Eich*rU MADntairUAfli. I«jr« m Hfpiliifr. H* «m MCMid mm oi 
TViAat MtAttittfhMi, IM^ Bi«fenp <>| Cli^ur. Took LUn. ai Caalvt^ct. 
1717 . aod la ITin Ooilt Park Caaptl. CWIlMkaM. r^iUm ^ tL^. Urndk. 
17IS*:Sii. He auaiar.1 u> s^rmi vmimmm m aa aoon ^tif, aa4 «m %t!f»«^ 
hf KiacUcocfe 1^ in i;.*l Ume^ !;«•; b«md at (*WUaa. It «w ba «W 
itiiBUi Om tsipotafa al Maty Tall,tlis tifcfcU >miw, al 
- JNaSf MM ^ CMIryt ^ ^fwrian, VaL IL. p^ IS. 

W. STUKELEY, 1720. 125 

nature, are so far from being caressM bj the country that thej 
become the objects of tlieir spite and scorn. l*hus Virgil could 
not obtain the favor of a little brook to be drawn from his neigh- 
boring town of Nola to his villa, which I suppose would have 
been of no detrim^- to 'em. Whence to revenge himself he 
expung'd the name of it from his immortal poem in these lines : 

Talem diYfii ant Capaa, and Ticina VescTO, 
Nola jugo [G. lib. ii., 224] 

as it was first wrote, & turned it to Ora jugo. — Agellius VIL, 20. 
Augustus dy'd at Nola, aged 76. 

Bp. Bundle is famous for candyed carrot, pea-capons, peeper 
pye, t,^., young new-hatched turkeys put into a pye. taken out 
by spoonftills, 6 veal burrs stuifd with the ropes of 50 woodcocks. 
He calls a sir-loin of beef clumsy plenty. Young hares fed with 
brocoli. By this means he treated himself into £4000 p. ann. 

" The curious modem Traveller,'* by Rob'* Kcnmore, Esq., 
printed 1746, gives a splendid elogium & account of my book of 

S'* Hans Sloan'^ is an instance of the great power of industry 
which can advance a man to a considerable height in the worlds 
esteem with moderate parts & learning. Industrv** may be said 
to have raisd S'* Hans, as Art did Radcliff, fortune Mead. S'* 
Hans has had this piece of luck too, that being a vertuoso has made 
his fortune, which generally ruins others. Indeed the whole 
business of his life has been a continued series of the greatest 
vigilance over his own interest, & all the friendships be ever 
makes are to liims<'ir. The s:nne industn* has made him perfect 
master of the knowledg of his immense collection, begun by Mr. 
Charltons gif\, carn-d on by his own riches & pains & interest, 

** Sir Hani 81oane, born at Killileai^h, co. Downe, Ireland, in IfilSO, 
eminent pbjraician, naturalist, and collector of curiosities. In 16S4 he was 
dioeeo F.R.8.; and in 1687 Fellow of Collet of Pbjsidana. He went to 
Jamaica with the Duke of Albemarle, the GoTcmor, at hit Phjtician, and then 
made a vatt collection of plantt. Settled in London in 16S9, and became 
Phjrsician to Chritt't Hotpital. Secretary to R.S. in 1693. He wat one of the 
foandert of the Foun<iltnfr Hotpital. Created a baronet by Qtorgt L Hit 
cabinet of coriotitiet wat parchated bj Farliameot, and terred at the foiui* 
dation of the Britith Muneum. Died at Cheltea in 176S.->irMf#a, p. 9ftS. 

It6 oomcoy-PULCB booe« 

Sl maj be laid to be the gmtett that erer wis a prirata maoi 
potteMioD. His estate, now being ezceetiTelj great, do*i bat 
double hit dtli^irenoe for getting more, tbo' he hai no male hein 
to leave it to, k bis daoghten are rtrj rkhlj marryd. He hat 
no facttltj of speakin;^, either fluently or eloquently, espectallj 
before any number of people, k be do*» it with great timidity. 
His most commendabl quality is his lore for natural learning, 4 
the pains be takes to promote iL He has been for many years 
the chief support of the Royal Society. 

A Catalogue of the Libraries of the Rev. Dr. lliomas Oale, 
Dean of York, and Elditor of the Hist. Angl. Scnpiores ; Roger 
Chde, Esq., the great Antiquarian ; the Learned Mr. Henry 
Wotton, Editor of St dementis Epi^obe ; Dr. Francis Dickena, 
Regius Professor of the Civil Law in the University of Cam- 
bridge ; Counsellor Stukeley of the Temple ; Counsellor Owen 
of Linoolns Inn ; and others. Containing near Two Hundred 
Thousand Volumes. 

Which will begin to be soM (the lowest Prices printad in the 
Catak>gue, for Ready Money only). At T. Osbonie*s and J. 
8hipton*s in Oray*s Inn.'* 

Soubriquet names got in pilgrimage to the holy land — 
Scattergoods, Fairchild, Bass, Peasood, Mist, Beavor, Prick, 
Oreathead, Grosthed, Farthing, Death, MouUs, Hal^Mioy, 
Oatlin, Cant, Akmrk, Badoock, Bawdy, Oouhl, Coseo, Moody, 
BoCt, Plantagenct or broomstick. Hog, Boll, Ram, Henm, 
Oidmtxon, C*nine, Duve, Palmer, Pilgrim, Crow, Broom, Bireh, 
Best, Hand, Fiddle, Love, Chikl, Fly, Herring, GosUn, Fish, 
Haddock, Sprat, Swan, Linnet, Leestng, Coward, Nightingale, 
Sparrow, Guest, Curtis, Coy, Jumper, (Vab, Rose*, I^ke, (Vouch, 
Nurse, SwaUow, Macarell,'Buck, Pigeon, Butter, Steel. 

Verrcimdia. Mr. Addison was remarkable that wav. Never 
could speak in the bouse of Commons, k was in great eomhmom 
wbeo be spoke to the king. He commo n ly blushed wImi aaj 
one spoke to him. 

W. STUKELEY, 1720. 127 

Dr. Woodward is a mort nnaccoantable mixture. He baB 
a great deal of knowledg in most parts of learning, but so blended 
with the most egregious coxcomb, as scarce to be paralleld. 

Dr. Waterland" is a LiaoolDsbire man. I liad a great 
intimacy with him many years. A very bard stud', a great 
smoker, wh did liim great prejudice : exbaustinrr t)ie vital spirits 
by losing so much saliva. I bec:ime !ic<]u:iinted wilh him when 
rector of S. Austin, Watlin street. I introduced him to S'" 
Richard Ellis. He had an extraordinary zeal for religion, under- 
stood the Saxon, &. many other languages, well versed in our old 
English tongue. After the divine legation came out, Warburton 
conceiv'd an immortal distaste to him, hec' b<> <lid not approve of 
the worL 

Mr. Warburton. I becjime ao(|uainted about 1718, &, afler- 
ward we enter *d into the most intimate friendship, always %'i8it- 
ing or writing to one another. 7 year before he publinh'd bis 
divine legation be aci{uainted only me with his scheme, under 
jn'eat injunction of secrecy, for fear iiome Itody .«houId steal bis 
notion ii publish it lor their own. I argued ag'' his scheme that 
it was im|>ossible any religion should come fn)m God without the 
sanction of future life. We had very many ii warm disputes 
about his notions of the Egyptian aniiquitys, that he hei^tbend 
>m too much, that they were borrowd from the hebrew. In 
short we never couh] agree in our notions about the, alwot tite 
hieroglyphics, the mysterys, or of antiquitys in general. Tho* 
tliiH dilferenee liad not the least influence uj>on my friendHhip 
toward bitii, for 1 adniir'd biiu as a fine i:enius, yet I found 
evidently be coold toward me on that ace'' He wroU' a treatise 
Mgainst Mr. Pojtes cosay on man, to prove it Ij> be albeiMU, 
spinosiiisui, deism, bobbism, faialtMn, matmalisni, \ what not 
In that my t^ntimentt fulh' coincided. On a sudden he alter'd 
his Ktyle, &, wrote a comment toprove thesubliroityof that work, 
lliis did hiH business effectually. It brought hiin acquainted 
" UMiiel WawrUDil. born in Lincolnabin in }iM. Wcame Arcbdtacoa of 
HiddicKi and L'aiwn ot Windaor. He wrote a " VinJication of Uie DoctriiM 
of the TriQitj," apunit Dr. Clarke; a "Treatiie od tbe Eucbariat;~ and » 
" Hi«u>i7 of the Aibanaaian Craed." Died In London, I'lV.— AwIM, p^ tOTe. 

1S8 ooiiiioii-rL4CB mkml 

Pope. Pope brought him aoqoaioied with L'* CbetterSaidy 
Bathont, Burlington, Mr. SoUidtor Mnrrmj, ke.^ k this lait got 
him to be preecher to Lincobu inn. Mr. Pope introdticM him 
too to Mr. Allen of Bath, with whom he is become to great that 
Allen has married hii niece to him, k eflectuallj made hit 

He certainly has great parts k equal industr)*, k a pride 
equal to both. But the greatest men, Camden, k SeUen, Boyl, 
Newton, Usher, &c., were as remarkable for candor k modest j 
as for their incomparable genius's. Warburton got his legation 
notion from lord ShaAsburjrs'* characteristics ; his m/sterys from 
8'* Jo. Marsham,*^ man/ more notions from Spencer, k such kind 
of writers. We may thence gather his internal principles^ 

Our intimacy began at Newark, when he lived there aa an 
Attorney. We traraild together upon the roman foes way as far 
as ad Pontem. After that he entered into holy orders, k had a 
little Living gi^en him near NottinghaoL When I left Loodon 
k resided at Grantham, we recommenced our acquaintance with 
great eagemeesb 1728, S'* Rob. Sutton presented him to Breot 
broughton,* a good Living, but no society in it There we 
passd many agreeable days together ; k the like at Stamford, 
where he return 'd my visits. Many joumys we took together, 
there being no body in the country but our seh-es to •••^■te 
with of taste sufficient But after be got hold of Mr. Allen k 
raised himself by that means to a rtrr great fortune, k both of 
us again met to lire at London, when I, with my usual eager- 
sesa, congratulated myself on the fortunate ereitt w1l brought us 
together again, was much dissappocnted. I hoped our k 

* AntlMsj Ooeptr. ard BatI oI Bkmhmkmrj, s paulosofiikml wnhn, hmm la 
IS7I. Hit •dMSiiM VM cnfKl<Mt«l in part b^ Jote Utke. TNniifinln< 
yoMsIf hf ku tl«9iMMt w tW HoM» W lm4^ Ht vmM -^ LmMm •• 

MsA, MsBMffv, Oi^nioM. Md TlMs ; ** Ae. WaMwtMi |««aMd al« m a 
WTilw. IM«4 eft Nsptoi l« 17ir- J^vfM. y, aSS. 

* aif Ukm MsnUfli. Iwv ISOe. 4M lesa. Afler Mijlsff iW Lav ke 
W Uw di €ltff%< la ckaaaarj. ftwiaa ^^ eNU mw% ke «es a 
l.r. Nr >Bc iiM Hr ta isesi Kalf ^ai \ff Cterks It Wiaia 

* Dialffite CiMvaolociea.-- AvSm. ^ Sil. 

* A paaaU lUiaa W Braaj- im a i M a a l ac s afy. >y atafc tis j , is la see el 
Ms TelBMs «f DwH^rs ia Ike ManaUsa ef Ike Bev. K. r. at 

W. STUKELBY, 1720. l'2*J 

iotimacj w^ dow be cemented for life, & to talk over our former 
rural adventures \v^- be considerable amusem'* to us. But alas, 
I soon found a change of fortune had cbang'd bis manners. A 
hundred Icrs I have reed from him with infinite address & love 
& friendship, hut all now chang'd to bare civility. His natural 
conceit of bis own supiority is so great y'' in his indigent estate, 
when I first knew him, he w""- bear no equal ; but tune fortune 
has advanc'd it to initial pitch, &. be looks down upon the whole 
world. He has by a most unweried application made himself 
considerably a proficient in la^n, greek, &. french. He has a 
good talent at criticism. He has veiy strong parts ; but, as 
other great genius's, has all sense but common sonst;, &. knows 
notliiug of iiiaiikiud ; fickle in his friendships ; haughty in his 
carriage; cxcossivcly greedy of flattery ; I have heard him say 
be w*"- give bis eyes to be a Milton ; &, his love for fame & 
reputation {>rovnils alxivc all his iiassionin, 'tis tlw incentive of his 
unwearied endeavors. He cannot bear to be witliout a book. 
He has the greatest fluency of language k good sense ; ^tmiig 
voice, (]uick invention ; lovcsdixputalion above all things; cbusca 
to have the worst side. He (|uite mistook bis talent when he 
entred into holy orders, for had he followed tbe bar he must 
needs have advanced him!<elf exceedingly without the help of 
fortune, to wh he now only owes his rise : lo that lucky incident 
of writing on Po|>es essay on man, for Pope, who knew mankind 
esct-llently, found him a person fit fur his pur])ose, to fight his 
battles ag'* malevolent critics, ii all the world beside, to secure 
bim of bis c<iually sought-for |>osthumi>U!i fnuie, by blending it 
with Warburtons. He took bis notion of the jews not knowing 
of a future sUt« from Lc < "lerk ;*' ii is very apt to have scruptos 
about our religion. 

Warbunon was dark to Kirk of Manibam; x-t up as an 
Attorney at Newark ; put in to be Town clari: there, halv'd it 
with Mr. Itich''- Twells, son of bim who was Warlurton'a 
>ehoolm'", but In- t-nter'il into Orders, hud ' LiWng given 

" JeaD Le Cltrc, buru M Geoev*. IbSi. ctie<l at AmiivrdMU in 1738. 
Enbneed AnDinimo doctrioea. With mil hia lewninir Mid tndiutry, be wu a 
G vaait;.— JWf«<. |i. 63*. 

130 oomioK-rLACB book. 

him ; then Brent brougliton ; afler tliat the D. of NewcMlle gsve 
him Steping by Homca^itle. 

He ban fliometime« UH*n troubPd with a Soouriog, but is now 
demner than even Mr. W — b — nV Shakeapear." 

* Thii penon maj br h««rd of at Mr. Edwanb'a, of Lioeobi't laa, 
who ii hii ttamling Council, and ha« gi^'n him tha best advioe in the 
world without a Fee, the UMial civility of Barristen to Attomeji. 
Lest this Gentleman • name thou'd not be known to posterity, it may 
be proper to leave a memorial of him. He wrote the Dirine legatioo 
of MoM«, where the chain of reasoning is so fine that it cannot be 
seen but by the lie»t microscopes ; then the links appear wooderfully 
lon^ and fill'd up with uncommon PhiUgreek work. His Allianea 
between Churrli and State it at the best hot a verr distant one. 
When he is at s Iosa for reaioning he falls a lashing, which he leam*d 
when hf* was an f'^hfi of a Srh<iol ; then he tornM Attcnuy ; after- 
wanU a pftli/o*jifrr in Ihtintiti ; till he frather'd his nest upon a Rock 
near Bath. Hf cucldl'd Mr. l*ope and snarl'd himself into his friend- 
ship ; un«ler whone win;r« he alMit'd all mankind, hot I>r. MiddleUm 
and Mr. Toll, which set'mt a« great a miracle as Juliana See mor« 
of this f teniui in a I^ettrr to the m«Mt Impudent man living, printad 

C*hines«*. Tlio similitude Ijetwit-n tht? Chinese k Eg^-ptiaiu 
of old is ver}* ;n^eat. IIc?%vchiu» says cmnna, cannathra, ar» 
EgA-pCtan vessrUf wlM-nct* I %u|»|>om.* our Chinese caniplera. 

Jo«e|ih had his name chan^ bv pbaraob, k was earryd about 
the MreetA k prorlaimd a ra\onle. Thii i» a cbtnese cqsIoobl 
Their writin;; i« likr the hieni;:l\|»hic«. X the gat4*s of their 
trm|»h*«. TIk* K4nie Ima^l nC tlieir Anti<|uity A ancient chroii* 
ol4»;:y. Tlu*\ wtar lm«*n ;:«irmeiiti», ruwing ;4bout in jaunted 

A Icr Ri;^)!^'' * thing in lH»lh. lor tiiey hmw in Oiitia i^ 
many chanii't«r« a^ thiiig* : lliu* tin* K^\|itian hifrogU-phic». 

I l«*f\ IioiHi«*ii to r^sidt* at (trantbam^ Jum*, Iii6. In two 
rears timt* I lost an incn^liUr numU-r ul' m\ uwmi intimate 

" Him x a t sa er . wiU lU a^fatnlad aola. M a 

W. HTUKELSr, 1720. 181 

friends there. S'' Isaac Xewton ; L''- Wiocbekea ; Mr. Hum- 
phrey Wanley ;** my L''" Oxfords librarian ; that common-place 
book of learning of the later times ; Charles Chriatiaa the famous 
cutter of intaglia's, &c. ; Mr. John Talman,** famous for his 
carious Si immense collections of architecture, drawings of the 
most famous maeters &. his own, ^t together from Italy & other 
places ; Hr. Serjeant, one of our Antiquarian Society ; Dr. 
Diodate,** a young physician & my neighbor ; the famous drawer 
& painter, Mons'- Cheron ; the famous cutter in ivoi^-, Mons'' 
Maroband, who cut my profile"; besides suchasdroptontof our 
catalogue of Uie College of Physicians, particularly Dr. Welwood*^ 
who bad a great favor for me ; & many of my gentlemen acquain- 
tance, as Capt Hales; Dr. BUir; Hr. Birch of the cnstom 
bouse ; Stepb. Barnes ; 3 baronets, near neighbors, S'- John 
" Hamphrej Wuilej, aon of iter. Xathl. Wmnlej, Ticsr of IVin. Cburch, 
CoTcnUy, who WM born U Leic«*terin 1633, and died in 1680. HiimpliK7 wa* 
born at CoTcntrj. 31 March inn. 2. and wai bred fint a limner and aflerwaidi 
■ome oiher tnule. He enplojed all hii kirare time at a rtrj tarly period in 
reading old booki and old USS. Di. Llojrd, Bp.of Lichfield and CoTentry, aeat 
him to Edmand Mall. Oxford. Bj Dr. CharleU (Maater of nniveni^ Coll.), 
be wa« appointed an under keeper of the Bodleian Llbrarj. Dpoo le&Tinf 
Oxford be rcnored to London, and became Secretar; to Sodety for Pronotlag 
Cbrinian Knowledge. Soon after 1705 he was emplofo] in anrnnging the 
TBlnable collection of RobtTt, Earl o( Oxford, with the appointment of Ubtariaa 
to hia Lordihlp. He gave iDcb MliafactioD that be waa allowed a haadaome 
peodon by Lord Harley. the Earl'i eldest aon and raoeenor, and wa* retained 
t^ him aa Ubrarian. Be died on 6 Jnlj. IT26. 

Hearae Memi to haTc bad a piqne at Wanlej, and rvpnaenta bin a* aa 
nnatead* capricion* man : and ol thii there are lome eridenoea in hia own 
journal. In the Bodleian Library it an ofifcinal pictare of bin ; aaotbar, half- 
length, nuinp. ia in the poaseuion of the Society of Antlqnariea. — Aafawrt'* 
SiKf. Diet.. Vol. xsii., |i. Vi. 

" A Torktbire gentleman, and " an elegant delineator of ArcUtectntc and 
monnmcnta** [Arrh^okfia, Vol. I. lntrod..p. zzzt.) A oooaidetable number 
of hia drawing* are in the poiaemion of the Soeieir of Antiqnariea, of wbiefa 
Uiily be wa* Director. Died IT3C. 

o John Diodati, bom in Uiddleaax. Entered Baliol College. Oxford. 
H.I). \'iX. Fellow of CoUcgv of Phjnidaa*. 17M. F.B.8. Died \m.~ 
JfMbl'f ItM tf UUfft «f Phfiieit-u, Vol. li., p. SC. 

■ Tliii bcaatitul work of art is io the poaaeaaloDof theBer.H. r.SLjohn. 

" Thomat Vellwood. bon near Bdinbargh, lUS ; waa Seold PfeTaieiaa 
to WiUiam lit He wrote " UantAn of Bagliah ABrira tnm lUS to the 
Bci>olBthm." Diedl7ie.— AWm. p. lOSZ. 


Elwell, of Langlejr, Kent ; 8'* SamL Lenoftrd of Wickluun ; 4 
S' Nich. Carej of Bedinf^ton ; & this daj, Mar. S7, 1728, I had 
an aoc*- from Mr. Gale of the death of nj most intimate frieod 
Mr. James Hill, of Hereford, a man of great learning, who left 
London for a country' life, k »eut me hit ptcturein profile* D^* 
Gibbons, with whom I was intimate, I found dead in the news- 
paper ; k in Apr. I read an acc^ of I>r. Woodwards death, with 
whom I was rery conTersant In Maj, or somewhat sooner, 
dy*d Mr. Masters, the rolling press printer, a good Algebraist ; 
Mr. Trench, the history painter, who had been twice at Rome ; 
Mr. Philip Bertie, bro' to the late D. of Ancaster. Bottard, a 
good drawer, disciple of La Fage, dj'd ju.^ after I left London ; 
L^ Brook likewise. Dr. (^hamberlen leads up the \*an« who dr'd 
in the beginning of June. I saw him in Grantham, since I came 
thither, in his rambles with the Dutchess of Bucks. Dr. Sht^ranl,'' 
who was consul st Smyrna, a very ingenious k learned friend of 
mine, a great botanist k antiquarian, dyd July. Sometime 
before, dy'd my fr* Mr. Ja. Anderson,^ a sooUman, a learned k 
ingenious Antiquar>'. Dr. Friend dy*d July i6, lii^, of a feirer. 
Dr. Hale* in Sept' , the 8th that dy*d out of the college this remr^ 
k b were ver>' eminent. Dr. Bateman'' dy*d in Sept. too, who 

* WiUUa Sberartl. DC U Fellow ot M. Jobs'* Collcf«. Oif oH. as ca 
bouaitc. WbiU Enf Ittb CoomiI at bajma bt tofmtd a berbarivai, vbicb bt 
baqaaatbtH. in KtS. to OafoH. tofrtbcr viib bk bbrary and dtJOOO for aadov. 
ittf a pfoloMorabip ol bocaaj.— JfnaA « MM 9f CUUft < P^pmemms. Vot li, 

* Jaaat Aada t ao n , aatboc of tbe Mmooic Km^ ot Comuivimmu. harm 
lias ; diod I72S. He vi»aKaicd tbe ladefoadtaer ol tba Ciowa A»d ktai^luai 
of beoclftod agaiaet the Aitork* i>f AttvoiHl. is \T\H-i He wm a Gnmi 
WATtSeo IB I7;ra.— ir#WM. ^ S7 rot a l^trr frooi his to Mr. GaW m9 ft^m. 

* Hicbard Hale. i^ of Ricbord llaJr. II i» ai-4tcr vm F.l<iolietb fbotrb. 
He «a« bora la u;u. CUiicaieU oi Tnaitj Colefe. «»&f«irU. M D. ITOf. 
Fellow of Collego of PbjaKian*. KU HATtetM Omutt, V*U. lh«4 la i;3»« 
a^ed Sf*. He (ave £:««» t.» the <'..:ir|-« b«f.r.( U-A* Hi* |«irtnut. Iiy 
Kicbafd«i>o. «M pMftted I7 t*9\\rt * f t»r T^^mH. aad p:«nrd m tbe lit^wj — 
Mmmk't JM/ << fWl/ye 0/ Hifmr^ms Vol. 11 . ^ |i» 

« Joba BaloiMa. rdvcstt^ at M^n*m CoUtft. OtfutO. aikd tafii fenav, 
M.D IS«*f FelUtv of <ollr^ .4 fby^tetMM It^V and FveMdeat 1714 Urn 
VM a »aa sacb tt erie i I j bie rxi«kie«i|«<earie*. *«i<| m%0 grwenJi/ ii||nind 
!• bt tbe CtUae of Uanb'e ^ ibi>it ■ry."— ifooSe MM ^ ihUgft ^ /Sfemoa» 

w. $TUKELEy, 1720. 133 

was President of the College when I was admitted. Will. Hulet, 
the engraver, dy'd soon after I left London, a particular acquain- 
tance of mine, ily coz. Adiard Welby, who had a good estate 
in Gedney. dy'd about August this year. My landlord, Innocent, 
who kept the Miter tavern, ffleet street, where our Antiquarian 
Society met every Wensday night^' 3Iy landlord, Lambert, of 
the Fountain tavem, Strand, where I wus M'- of a new lodg of 
Masons. In christmas, 1728, when I was at London, I heard of 
the death of my friend Schoenvot, a dutchman, an admirable 
engraver & drawer ; &ofmany others not worth commemorating. 
Jack Rowley, that made the Orrery. In the beginning of 
1 729 dy'd Dr. Scheutzer," S'' H. Sloans amanuensis, an ingenious 
young man. 

A fine bust of Alexander at L" Stairs, .another of Pompey at 
S'- Rob. Suttona. 

Acquaintance of mine, 1729. L"* John Russel, who visited 
me a year ago at Grantliam. Mr. Stephen Hales, fellow of 
C. C. College when I was there. AVo usd to goe a simpling 
together. We made the first sphere that mov'd by clock work, 
whence Rowley took the idea of the Orrery. At London I per- 
suaded him to read his static experiments about vegetatiS, which 

' In 1*07 the uitiqDUiM of the dBT met al the Beu- Tbtctii, in the 9tnnd, 
onerery Pridsf cTenioz, from C to 10 o'clock. The* removed next ;«ar to the 
YooDt; DcTil TiTem, in Fleet Street, and held Their meeting* there nntil 
Kcliruarr. 170T-S. Aftcnrani* thcT met at (he Foanlain TaTeni, 1b Fleet 
Street, "over againil LhanccTy Lane." At the end of ten jcar* Iheae frenlle- 
taen re«olTed to (orm theniM:lTc» into a Socicir, and to meet c»Ci7 Wednetdaj 
CTening. In IT2C-7 Ihej met at tlie Miire TaTem. in Fleet .Street, wberealao 
tba Uembcm of the Royal Societj met ; next in apaitmcnta in Orv'l Inn, and 
aflenrardii in the Temple. The; remoTcd (ram their TaTrm to Chancerr Lbob 
in \'i3. After harinfi; occupied apanmenti in Somenct Honae, Ihej ate Dow 
loesied in Barlington lIoD*e, Piccadilly. 

■ John OaapM Schenchter, M.P.. a DBIive of Siritwriand, aon of John 
Jame* Schitichzer. W.V.. profeaaor of mathematica at Zurich, bora 1703. Re 
■raa created M.D.of Cambridge dnriDK the Writ of Oeotge I^in ITR. Ha waa 
a Kood antiquary, and an aeoompliibt-d mrdallini, and natnral faiatoriao. He 
waa the prot^ and lilnrian of Sir Hum SIomc. F.R.S. KM. Died in 17», 
at the booae of Sir Han* Blowie. In Chdaea. Hia portrait, by J. R. Hatdefier. 
na eufnted bf T. iML—Mumi't JMt </ CMUft t( FtrtitimnM, ToL iL, p. II. 


he printed tfterwmnk. He dy*d in the beginning of this jtmr^ 
much regretted bj all his aoqnainUnce ib all the learned world. 
Dr. John Baddiff,'' feUow of the Coll. of Phjtidana, d/'d Aug., 
1729| aged 40, a particular acquaintance of mine. Dr. Degg 
dj'd Nov., 1729, grandaon to the famous 8'* Simon Degg. Mr. 
H. Pacej of Boston dj*d Dec, 1729. The ingenious Seign' 
Haym I was well acquainted with ; he understood antient medals 
k musick. In the beginning of March, 1729-30, dr'd at his 
liTing at Spofforth, Yorkshr'* Dr. Rob. Dannyc, one of my 
Tutors, when fellow of C. C. C, (*anibridg. He was a penon 
of admirable learning, wit, k good oon%'ersatian, a great Mathe- 
matician, dirine, k universal scholar. He orderd bj Will all his 
many valuable manuscripts to be burnt. We spent neveral even* 
ings together September last, at London, when I was making 
interest for All Saints living ; he in waiting as Kings chaplain ; 
4b he caird on me at going down to Yorkshire. We din'd too 
together at the Bp. of Elys, formerly Master of our (*oUege. 

Sept. 1732. My old acquaintance*, Mr. Moll,*^ the geographer, 
dy'd. John Vandergucht soon after. Mr. Stephens of Edmoci- 
too, Nov., 1732. Tilleman, the Painter, dec. 1734. Mr. 
Westley,** Rector of Epworth, dy'd May, 1735. My particoUr 
fi^ Dr. Oeo. Wharton,*' 1739. Dr. Hollings, May 173!*, who 

•• Joba lUddif «. bora U Uiidlmn ; •d«CAl«d aC HC Jolui't Colltfc, 
Oalord. M.D. 17tl. r«IWv ol Oolk«« o# PlijMciAB*. 1 7t4 PhjitciM t« St. 
iMtbolo^rr'n Hoipiul. U wboM rMOfda bt U dttrtbtd m "a gwih^M W 
tt0tllt«( psftt Mid aoaad iMrmUif . wboM (mUj ehwm wm bk tlafalM mtitmj. 
wbkb ysatrit him from boiaa sa oniMMat u> bis ptolMioa " Di«d ITIS. 
^MmmA's MM $f Cblliyr < Pkp me^ms. Vol. u.. fL SC 

* Horssa MoU woo a Oormaa oafravor oa oopfjor. 

* laocaiod ao a dloMalar. bat ooa f o ri o d to tbo Cbarcb ol faglaad. mU 
wfou HMit uacu agaiai* bio oM eoaaaaloao. He obcaii»#H tbr Roctof^ ol 
Soatb Onaotij. Uac aad ahf w aido Sp«uftb« is tbo mmm ceaacy. Hio 
priadH ^'^'^ ^'^^ "^^ ^^^ ^ Cbnoi.** a ptmrn ; - Ummj ol ibt Kow 
Tooioaioat ta vofoo ; ** oad oomo votoat a|«a tbo vKttiry ol BloabotA. for orbicb 
bo vao Boio CbapUia to o Ro«iaMat aadrr ibc I>obo ol HoftUifo^b. Ho 

tbo faibof d fiaaaol aad Joba WooWj.— A^vc#«. p. lOss 

Oao fg o Wbaitaa, ooa of Or. Tboaao Wbattoa. ol Old farb. riflaa. «m 
Ui^. liSS. Id aca t id aft P^abfoba Oollifa. Caabrtdea. 
1I.D. ins. PolWv ol Callofo of PbjoAoaao i;S0 Diod froai aifiiifalliwi of 
Ibo Wwlo !« ITSf . Ho protalod Ut tbo Collrft ol PbxoMtaa* a i^rtfaftt of 

; Of. TbasM Wbawaa, bf ¥aa Oycb* orbicb hmm la lbs 

W. J^TUKELEY. 1720. 135 

liv*d in glory about 10 years.** Dr. Beaufort,^ 3 Oct., 1750. 

Lincolnshire proverbs & sayinorg. 

As wise as a wisp. 

Grood lack ! Guthlac. 

Ods hartlings, harclings, p bercule. 

Fa la la, the burden of lascinous songs, ^aXXoyoyio, Twang- 
diUo, Trangdildo. 

Sough of wat'' fr. sceau. 

Tup, a ram, rmrrai. 

Misleto, Myxa, lat. Mu^o, mucus, mucilago, slime, freq'ly, 
occurring in Hippocr. So hieron. Gabucin de lumbricis e. 24. 
says viscu damascenu in syria ex myxis viscosis paratur angl. 

In 1672 Uncle Adiard Stukeley kept L^ Exeters Courts at 
Kirton, Wiberton, &c. Kirto soke wh belonrr'd to the Earls of 
Mercia, really the incunabulum of the Mercian Kingdom. 

We ought to make Gods glory the ultimate rnd of all our 
Actions. A Uesolution to doe nothing vitious is but a noble 
negative sacrifice. Profuse talking emptys, not fills, the brain. 

* Sed dum tota domus rheda componitur una. Juv. S. III. 
A good motto for a new I^ondun doctors chariot. 

* John Hollingt, M.D.. born in Shropshire. EdocatcU at Magtlalcn Colle^r, 
Cambnilge. M.D. in 1 7 10. Fellow of Collcjrc of rhTi»ician.«« )72r,. F.U.S. 
Harrcian Orator in 17.'J4. I*hy«ician-Gonfral to the arnir. Phynician in 
Ordinar? t4> the Kin^. Died in 17.T.*, IcaTiiit; the character of an ahle clas^sical 
■chular, and a mo«t accomplished man. — Munk't Uttfl of (oh'tf/r o/ J'htfMicitthti, 
p. 94. 

* John Beanford, born in Cornwall. Edacatc«l at Trinitr Cullece, Cam- 
bridge. M.D. at Cambridge. 17*J8. Died at an adrancetl ap* in MTAy^Mtink't 
Jipii mf Cttllrge of PkfftiriiiHs, Vol. ii., p. HO. 

A C(nnmonrplace Book of Dr. Siuheley^ doled " 1721, Onnond 
Street^ 1748," was exhibited by the late W. TiUj Eeq.j M.P.y 
at a Congress of the Wilts. Archceological and Natural Hixtory 
Society J held at Hutifferford, in the year 1867. It contained^ 
among other matter of Antiquarian interest : — 

" A drawing of the ground-plot of the ruins of Whitehall as 
in June 14th, 1718, built by Cardinal Wolsey. 

" Scite of old Verolam, and of St Albans as in Christmas, 

"Colchester, Easter, 1718. 

" Stones at Burro wbridge, Yorkshire, and near Kirk Oswald 
in Cumberland, and Druidical remains. 

" Memoranda respecting London ; Roman Camps, Temples, 
&c. ; Roman Inscriptions ; monumental effigies. 

"The Comet in 1743. 

" ily house at Bamhill, Stamfonl, 1743. 

" Drawing of Romuli et Remi Templum, Jacobus St. Amand, 

" Plan of Albanburj'. 

" Effigies of Sir Thomas Erpingham, with autograph letter 
from Edmund Prideaux, dated Norwich, January 25th, 1720. 

" ( 'eltic Antiquities. 

" Monument of Abliot J. Ish-p. 

" Aut4)graph letter from R. Thon'sliy to John Anstis, dated 
3rd March, 172J. 

" Monument in Me<lley (Methley ) Church, Yorkshire. 

" Coloured drawings of &Ionuments in Norwich Cathedral. 
" Two coloured drawings of a windf»w in St. George's Church, 
Stomford, by R. Thoresby. 

" Drawing of Monument Sir W. Philip. 

" Equestrian portrait of King Henry in a window at Orafton. 

^^ Letter from W. Beckett on small pox, Ac, &c 

W. STITKELEY, 1720. 137 

Many of the objects mentioned in tlte MS, have smoe been 
destroyed^ and tlieee pages contain tlu only record of them now 

TJie following J relating to Wiltshire y are noticed. 

^^ Long stone at Broome, near Swindon, is a great high stone, 
and a little way off many lesser ones in a row. 

^' At Compton Basset, not far from Marlborough, westward, 
houses made of stones as big as those at Stonehenge, standing 

'^Milbarrow,' between Monkton and Anbury, about a yard 
high, and set about with stones. 

^^ A mile west from Marlborough, towards Hakpen, is another 
barrow like it, with four large stones within the broad end of a 
pyramidal form. 

" On a hill, south from West Kennet, another very like the 

^^ In Chippenham parish, a mile oft' Bitiston (Biddestone) is 
Hubbas low,^ a barrow like the former, but no stones ; 'tis 60 
paces long, composed of small stones. 

" Near Anbury and Kennet f^tand 3 large stones upright, 

verj' hke' the Devil's Arrows at Burrowbridge, called the DeWKs 


*' In the parish of Kennet lyeth this monument [of three 

stones]. The stones are 11 or 12 fift long. In 1G43 were found 

' Millliarrow. rifled and levelled many yearn af^). — Arch^tolopa, Vol, 

* Thin )>aiTow is near a ^rroand called Lanbill. It it one of the elo&iratcd 
kind, aboat 160 feet in lenfrth. ranfrinfr east and west, broadest near the eaft 
end, harinf; a |(resent eleration of 6 or 7 feet. It was explored by tbe late 
Dr. Thomam. and found to contain a cist (.*) which had been prerioosly di»» 
turbed and rifle<l. A few scattered frafnnents of hanan bonea, and parta of 
the lower jaw of a person about 20. and another of perhaps 50, yeart of afe, 
probably females. In another part of the barrow were fragments of two huMD 
8keletons.~See H'l/ff. Arrkttml^itml mud Smtmrtil Hi^iPty Mmfm:ime, VoL iiU 
p. 67 ; also ArehttcUfim^ Vol. xlii,. part 1, p, 203. 

' In margin, ** Tery unlike.'* 

138 (t))llfoN.PL%«'r IKXkiC. 

the soelcton of a num witli a ftword and dagger under them.* 

'' Bedwin, a great barrow^ east op of chalk ; Bed, a gniTe, 
win, wbito. Tliiii tbowt all barrows to be burying places. 

^' WanMlike, the Ik>und lM*twixt thi" W. Saxons and Mercians. 
Tlie graff is to tlie north, the rampart to the south. It rues thus 
with elbows.* 

'* lU'twc^on Rock ley and Marlborough, on tlie Downt, lyeCh a 
great Ktone u|K>n 3 lower, in the war to Stonehenge, and a going 
thither from the Grey Weathi^rs, for from hence all seem to be 
fetcht, for the holes yet appear whence nuch were drawn. 
Another Ive?* in the \vst<»r at Firhrlden (Figheldean). The grain 
reddiiili gi*nenilly. 

** Forty-five Imrrows in sight of Stonehenge. A*" 1666, one 
of the 7 Imrrows being digged up they found ooalsy goat*s boma, 
and stag% born.«.' 

'* Near to the penning is Normanton ditch ; here in ploughing 
wa* found. A*" ITi.'iJi, very good pei^-ter, K>ld for £5. 

'* Fripftbury, in London roail, not far from Clarendon Park, 
a Danish t*amp; the* inner ditch, withi>ut a raropire, 11 or If 
yanU over. The diam. of outmost cirele 3^^) paces. 

'* Quarly hill miuiIi hath fc»urfold fortifications, in the middle, 
a Ih>IIow, |ierliaps a well. Its as bigg a» Yannbury. 

''TIh* Walls Ves|Misian*s (*amp. as belie%*d. The people of 
Amc^Hiry miv the area of it in 4<) acres, single trench, one gralT 
towanhi Stonehenge. 

** In thr |>ari<»h of C *odford in the Fields is a great rtmod earop. 

** III nkely w«mhI, Ti^ur\' pari«h, near ^wallowd iff common, 
a vrry strong ft>rtifi<*ation.' 

** Habury Tsjitle, on Hackpen hill« double work% very great, 

thme HiefiiMNieil by A«I«yj. mmd if«r««l la Mr. Um^B p^^f «m Ahmfj km 
nOtt Atrk^mi. mmd Amt. //uf. Jfof . V.4. Iv . |il 144 

* No 

* In aiarftn. ^ a^ . it iMHnmww tW Mllik ' 

In aMffiK " rrmaiM ol tarfiacr aft iW> lUttaa'* banai. 

* In tW MMia. -* nrtlMi 

W. STUKELKT, lliO. 139 

^ Chiselbary, a Danish Camp, on the braw of a hill [on] the 
road from Salisburj to Shaftsbunr. 

^On TempledowHy two miles from Marlborough^ a Roman 
Camp, opposite to Barbury Castle. 

^ Wanborough, or rather Badbury Camp, near this, much 
Roman Cojn lately found. 

^^ Bnnbury, a Camp opposite to Wanborough. 
** On Sidbury hill, near E%*erly, a ♦nvat Brittish Camp. Two 
trenches run northward to Everly, ])erhap3 to fetch water. 

^^ Old Saruin. The niin|>art extraordinan* high, higher than 
at Winchester : within the ring full of pits where houses stood. 
Part of the old kei^p remains still. Tliey dig for flints and hard 
mortar here. Hu>!e pieci*s of several ton are fallen down. From 
Stratford-sub-castle, Portlane leads to the castle. Near Port- 
lane, in the plowed fields, the burrogh lands on which they chuse 

" On Salisbury Plain, near Stonclionge. In the sh(M»p jienn- 
ing there several barniws called the King's Graves, the stones 
which once stood there arc latelv carrvt^l away. 

^* At Hakpin hill, in a barrow, umes and a manV thigh bone 

"At Draycote (.em, H)8(), an urn with ashes. 

" In the Licger liook of Wilton, mention of Hen^path, ie.^ 
Militar>' Road. 

^* Alnrnt Salisbury and AndovtT the Roman roatl is gravelKd, 
whereas no gravel is found towards Stratton in Hampshire. 

"S^* J. LoniT, \(}X\K near Wanlninmgh, lietween 1H(M) and 
200() coins found in one earthen ves.sel. 

**Th<» Dike rampart at Vernditch is made of gravel. 

**At Farley Castle, U58iS, a pavement dug up, opus teasel- 
latum, now at Oxford in A>hmol. Mu>. 

*^In Weektield, in the parish of Hedington, for a mile 
together, Foundatii»ns, Walls, Coins, C*oales. 

''At ( hipinnhani, at Derry Hill, Coyns found l<i80. At 
Wanborough, at Winterbourn Monkton, at Old Sarum, at 
Shereston. In Sherston fields coyns plowed up ; one sih'er, on 
the head a chaplet of laurell, C^onstantine ; on the reverse an 

140 <t)MMON-PlJiCP. BOOK. 

angel with a palm braoch ; in the left hand itretcht oot a make 
in a ring, nnder the genius t. s. e. 

^' Wett of Abtirj it another entrenchment aett with ittonea, 
one whereof make* the end of a bam. My L'- Pembroke Mjt 
the fttonen are of 2(K) Tun weight each at Abury.* It woold 
coct f>0,000 to rai»e 9uch a mound an Silborv. 

. . . . Fttit togent bobU tab alto 

lUfit D«roeiiiii t^rreno ex Afgert boslBa.— Rryr. [Ma., lib. si.. 04f ]. 

' Kiaccj iott* voald be more ntmrij ourrcd.. 


I. John Sttkzlet, "to Mb. William Btckelt, att Bexnettb 


— H. F. St. J.' 
Son William, 1 Apr., 1704. 

I received yours by P. Peters with great satisfaccoa, and 
hope you will dayly more & more observe k avoyd the loosenesse 
& incoDsideratenesse of tbe present age, & begin to esert your 
reason soe farr as to oousider tbe end & order of tlie Crencou. 
I had allways tJiongbts tliat by industry you would soe add to 
jour naturall parts as to render your selfe above the common 
race of mankind, whicli was tbe onely end of scndioge you 
clothes, for I want you at borne very niucb. 

Your sister Jane dyad tbe Wednesday momiuge alter you 
went. Wee are aJl pretty well else, onely I have got cold in my 
bead, which has cauKcd a great defluccon in my eyes, which ban 
made me very uneasy, but I Lope it now begins to abate. 

Tbo. Smith at the Chequer is gone off near 3U0Z. in debt, it 
all fai« goods sold. I think I hear of another tenant 

John sent your box by tbe butter waggons last week. Jo. lUx 
is not yet ccrtaine when be goes out, but will not be long first. 

You forgott in your last to give us an account of tbe state of 
your health, which for the future I would have you to informe us 
of allways. You alsoe forgott to give your Duty love, or service, 
to rclacons & friends, wbore due, & I think it proper by the first 
opportunity you should send your Ant Ampleford a short letter 
of your proceedings in the Colledge, ic relume her thanks for 
her favours & regard towards yoo, which are considerable. Bro- 
ther Stukely^ is not yet conked from London, being indisposed 
by a cold. Datf has a vcr^- good aer%'ioe at your CoUhin Uown- 

■ Theinittaliat tbvhusdini-of tbew I rttrn iff rhfi nf thfi n-innnt nwririi 

■ Adlaid Sukelej. 

142 MI8CeLLAKFX)rH c*oi;iii»roKDKircB. 

iugfl, & stays very' well. I saw ber there. Her Mrs. is not well 

yet Brother IXodson hsd s letter Ut4»ly from his Brother* who 

sayed you was well in health. Pray give my sen ice to Mr. 

ffswsett/ him, Mr. Bniml, k his Hon,^ A:c, k tell Mr. ffswsett I 

would gladly receive s line from him. All at home give tlieir 

lore, & I am 

Your loving fTsther, 

Ja Stukklt. 


Dear Schoolfellow, 17 Ap., ITOo. 

I extremely thank you ftir your kindnesic in writing to 
me, & shall be ever gisd to kco)) ct>rn>|ioiHlence with you. As (or 
that kindnesse roii t€*ll me of, I wish it had been worth voar 
acceptance, & |>ro|Kirtionab!e to that as.MMance which you hare 
ever given me in our y«iung d.iy% nt M!huol, 4 the respects which 
I owe unto von. And I idiall tltn* tlie U*M of mv endeavour to 
return your kindne^vsi* with whatever hs in my |ioiAer when I 
c<mie into the c«Minlr\. Many a time doe I refli*ct U|ion the 
giHidne^M* of Providcnet*, wIh) tcMik nie (when I had almoM laiii 
ai^ide even the wi^ln*** of it), from liiat trr>uhleM>nie, 4 laboHout^, 
tlniugh gainfull Mate,' «V Mdo|»ttnl me for a fton of our Alma 
M.1UT ; brought me into this rt*ntiwm<d tln^ater of learning 4 
wisilom, 4 (which I nx*k«»n a {uirticular hapiiineMr), |ilanted me 
in this 0>lledge abu\e all otlnT, when I had nue intemtt iu any 
OIK*; at h*aiit in tliiv Without Halt« n* I tell \«>u, txMild I luirr 
b«*en iM-tore ailniitttni int«» tin* »reana of timc« 4 st<cn futuritvis 
f«ir all the riebc*^ of tiM* liHli«*« I HuukI not lia%e changed my 
o»ll» ^»i . Tlul rf;; (tlM»n;;lt %4»mi« thin;: *lriet). g«»\eninient of 
our in»ll«'<lgi\ Mie »utable to my ;:«'iiiu%, the •mall numU^r «»f lad» 
tn wbnt otli«*r «-<ill«*il;;i • lii\r. but alM»\e nil iIm* o»ntinual h'Ctun*^, 
nliit b He h.n\«' in < la^^irk^, KiIik k«, M4tbfiiiatick«4 Phil«««o|4iy, 
4c. (|j«irdoii my U»l«in«*^M*). mak«-« uk* e^t<tim (aAtr a dUigrol 

* Richsnl iK^Urm. Utt>r <4 Kin»: • <%.n 

* Th<ia»*« Favrcit. Wi;tiMn Mukrl««'» I'^UW^ TvifW 

* Jtihn nrmAd. JMiiu>r mt>4 (1ia|cI r>rk. MrkrWv • "disai'' m a>:ic««L 

* Nutt ol tW lUv. AabfiMr nrnkm, ritm of HqUmcIi 

* In tW rtul wiisa 9i tW Uw. ng> -<l ■■■atsty^" ff, iC I?. 

W. STUKELEY, 1720. 143 

enqoiiy), our ooQedge to be the best of all. (Mr. Denny,' oar 
other tutor, is sending for mathematical & philosophical instru- 
ments, such as air pumps, telescopes, microscopes, &c., for which 
we must all jojn about 5s. apeice, for our use). Would fortune 
have allowed that you should have staid a much longer time with 
me, I should have thought it a much greater happinesse. But 
since it cannot be, we will endeavour, when I come into the 
country (which will not, I fear, be so soon as I expected, because 
of losing lectures), to exalt our conversation into as high a pitch 
of delight as studying, walking together, discourse, & the like 
can, when raisM to the utmost degree, create. 

Your genius & mine, by whatever I could see, had a certain 
sympathy in all matters, as retirement* study, &c., so that I hope 
we shall in some wise imitate an Academick life in the country. 
But hold — so pleasing is this subject to me that my pen could 
willingly fill a much greater space than the narrow limitt^ of an 
epistle. But, however, before we part, I must not hear you 
complain that your seed sown here was cropped & withered. You 
know skilfull gardners, in a small time, transplant their tender 
herbs from the hotbeds into another, indeed at first colder, soyl, 
but it is there where they sprout their lofty branches, 4\: bring 
forth their expected fruit Indeed you are removed out of Alma 
Materia cradle, where you imbib'd your nutricious juice of 
learnings, &c. But in processe of time, omnibus una via est, 
we most all leave our dear parents arms, & milk, & seek for a 
stronger nourishment, where upon that foundation we must build 
our future preferment k happinesse. Remember my love k .«ier- 
vice to Dr. Fish k the rest. As for what happened yestc^rday, 
when her Majesty visited us,^ Ije pleased to consult my Father, 
to whom I wrote at large about it, having not room here. I 
sent the enclosed to Mr. Whychingam. 

I remain, as ever, your servant to command, 

Wii. Stukely. 

We at present with Mr. Denny goe to lectures in philosophy. 

We read all Newtons and Boyles works, those most famous 

* HobteqiienUy Rector of Spofforth. York*. ** ComiDentArji.** |i. 20. 

* On which oocasioii Sir Iamc Newton and othen were knighted. ** Com- 
mentaiTtv** ppw IS, S4. 


mirmclM of mankincL philosophy (says Tullj), thoa emprcMe 
of life, OD6 day spent in thy studyt is to be pr efeird before mn 
idle eternity. &Iy chum gives his service to yoo boih^ k says 
be will give me the money when I oome down for yoo. 

III. John Stukkley to hih soy Wiluam, at Tollegb. — 
H. F. St. J. 

Son WiUiam, 14th Dec, 1705. 

Yours of the third of this instant I receved, by which I am 
informed you and your chum agree very well, at which I am 
pleased. Pray take Mr. Dodion*s advice as to your wigi*. As 
to the wsnt of a watch, 1 am sure that cannot be coosidenible, 
fiir in rfpird you know tlie houres you are to goe to pmyrrs, 
the butteryes, 6l meale times, tin im|K>f^Mble for to be ignorant of 
the time of the day, in such a town e»|iecially. And lioMles you 
will bt* at great eliarge in otbtT matter^, k 1 ne%'rr bad iMit one 
in all my hfe, <1 what with the charge* of keeping it in rr|Kiire», 
Ac, made me weary of it. Soe that it is not ooely sinkio^e Hie 
much money, but drawinge a continuall charge u|ion your selie. 

I am glader to hear your cloath^ grow too little, then t4M> bigg 
for you. Mr. Brecknoek*** had vour letter. He sares Mr. (irt^ne 
goes on at S|Nildinge, \ that hi^ si»ter has thrown off Em\' C arr 
k E»q' Ball, but goes on with the Norton ParM>n. Pray Irtu 
bear from you imiw ^ then. My ser\ ice to Mr. ffawaeil, Dod^oo, 
Brand, 4c. Wee are all well here, k have noe oewrs to let yuo 
know, onely Mr. Burks daughter i« goeing tu be married tbe»e 
holy dsyes at Hull. He if» gofie to Loodoo to buy cloath* for 
the* weding. 

You may tell Mr. l>wl»on his rrUcoos here are welL Hers 
i» noe changv* of guvemmc^nt** berr. Mr. Haoda is comeing to 
thi<i towne ; 4 I am. 

Your i%er lovi-inge iTather, 

Ja Sti-kelt. 

** 4o ApoUc«si7 St UolliMdb. 

** Htf ksp» io sUsa^oo to iIm iHwDlsUoa el rSffiiMrst, m%t€k 
Om lynsf of tkis jmt. 

W. STUKELEY, 1720. 145 

IV. John Stukelet to his son William, at College. — 

H. F. St. J. 

14th January, 1705-6. 
Dear Son, 

I receved your last with your tutor's bill, & am glad you are 
in good health. Since I wrote to you last I met with your tayler, 
who sayes your clothes are soe layd in, that you may got them let 
out as much as you please, and the sooner you doe it the better, 
before they are thred bare, to prevent l^einge soe easly perceived. 
What Mr. Childs Collegiate is I know not, but for him at Queenes 
I was in company' with the 2 Piinlowes & Pcttit, & they all give 
him an ordnary character. 

You say you have boene to see your Coz. Thompson,' but give 
us noe account in what condicon you found her as to cloths, &c. 
(tho your mother desired it), or how longe you stayd there, or 
what entertainment vou had. 

I heare of noe opportunity to send you a token yet ; however 
at the worst we shall come soone after (*andlenias, & in the interim, 
if you want, you must get some small matter of Mr. ifawsett, 
and as to treates, pray be cautious, for I would not be ffished [?] 

Mr. Lee is dead, has given to our |)oore 10/., to Whapload 
5/., Si fflcete 5/., to Sarah Stukely, his goddaughter, 30/. Wee 
are all well, & shall be glad to hear from you before I come for 
London. My sen*ice to Mr. ifawsett, <Jc all friends, concludes. 

From vour aftoctionate ffather, 

Jo. Stukely. 

V. William Stikeley "to Rev. Ambrose Pimlow, att 

Elme."— H. F. St. J. 

Decem. 4, 1707. 
Dear Sir, 

I gladly received yours. I thank God I am in better 
health then I expected, but studys agree verj' indifferently with 
me, for Cambridge can't secure me yet from troubles & ill news. 
I am the more sorry at your misfortune because more sensible of 
them myself, & wish you a happy riddance. These things were 
utrangers to our innocent school boy time, before the world, 
■ See ** CommenUrjt/* p. 22. 

146 xiscBLLAKEors conuuroyDKircB. 

which we no earnestly coveted to enter u|)on, dtucovered ita tme 
vahie to US, which now mingles itA bitter with its sweet in an 
equal pru|)ortion to u.i, if not i^featfr. I received the money, k 
gave the man a rt^^eipt. Dr. Fish is ;:one to (ledney. 

As to news I can funii'^h vou with none, whither it be for 
want of any at all, or for my inadvertency, being to much taken 
up with other concernen. 1 ho|H* to lie at Holbeach at Christmas, 
where, to enjoy your cuni|>any, will l>e no %u\M comfort to him 
who i.H Your devotitl friend k servant, 

Wll. Srt'KKLKT. 
I cannott gett such a |Niper book, 

ready bound, an you want, all over 

the ttiwn, but Tie bring fine down 

with me for vou. 


VI. Wm. STrKCLCY "TO Mr. Amrro^c Pimijow, att Ma. 
FiNTiiAMs, In OiTwr.Li^ Islt. or Ely." — H. F. St. J. 

8t:iple Inn, No%'. 5, 1709. 
Mv Friend, 

I reiviviil vour«, k tlierein fiiul vou\'t* endeavoured to make 

inten*«t for the hIhioI h hen* we suckeil our nhlimentsof litrratare. 

I wi%h I had kiHmii m> much iM'for**, and the intimacy k fneod* 

i^hip U*tween \i% a tenerii« unguicult» ; lie«ides, tite just respect I 

ha\e for you k family, would doubtle«»e enga;;e me to |irutBOlo 

to the utimi^t of mv abilitv, anv thini; that niav tend to \mar 

Mti«facti<»n or U*m*titt. But, mv friend, I n*cei%-i^ a Irfirr frooi 

Mr. Tipping, a %iliile agtM*, de^ireing what I rouU doe fur bim 

to forw'.ird n« murli n« I coulcl hi« succcv«ion to the »ebool of 

IIo!lM*arli. I an«w« Tfti it imixliately, iKit kntiming (I firutesC) ibe 

lt*a»t of \ our 4»p|iuii€ing him, i« herein I |»romiM^l what arnr i ce I 

coiikl d««e him in tlio thing, glad that a |ierMin I rr«pected sboold 

enjoy tin* M*h«M»l I wa« doubly engaged to %ii%b well to. 

Since tlie receipt of your U-tter Tme cvnftiamled, 4 all I can it 

pre«irnt annwer to it is, that if I be cboM^ a fleofler, aa I bave so 

great n*xuM>n to dtmbt. Fie d«ie to the rrT^ of most atf^cb to ilia* 

charge niyelf as a pi*rson of %eracilr, k a friend, when 

cumr to aiM'h an npabot. 

W. 8TUKELKT; 1720, 147 

I would not have you to interpret my meaning to your dis- 
advantage. I sincerely affirm I think you the most proper per- 
son to haA'e the thing, considering matters in a due ballance. 
But when I have talked with Mr. Ball, & weighed the case, I 
shall endeavour to quitt myself like 

Your friend & devoted servant, 

Wm. Stukeley. 
I was with Major Parke, & Mr. Delamore, 
&c, today, which was the first time I had 
any particular account of their notion about 
the school, besides Mr. Tipping^s letter, &, 
I am sorr}' he should act so ungenteely, 
& that I should engage my word to a 
M-d-c-st-r. [Query Mud-caster J. 

VII. Wm. Stukelet " to Mr. Ambrose Pimlow, att 


ATT Larnington." — H. F. St. J. 

Staples Inn, Feb. 4, 1709-10. 

My Friend, 

I received yours, & imediately sallyed forth to doe you what 
aenrice lay in my power. These 2 days Tve spent in attending 
& waiting upon the Trustees with patience, & stepps sutable to 
such undertakeings. I went from one to another, from one end 
of Town to another, from one lawyer to another, as they directed 
me, and that to so little purpose I think that Tmc in a maze 
which way further to proceed. In the first place, one says they 
must meet & goe to Counsel about it. And I think it very near 
an impossibility to congregate so many great men, at least for 
me who Iiave so much businesse, just upon my going out of 
Town, which I shall doe in 8 davs time. In the next, thev none of 
*em can tell me what stamp I must putt to the ]>archment. Some 
tell me I must search how much your living is in the Queen^s 
books, & accordingly gett a stamp from 2». to 48., but where to 
search I know not Then, some say I must write all the Trustees 
names in it, t others only Mr. Cokes. Next, supposing all these 


difficoltys flurmouDtedi I know not where to find the Bitboppi k 
if I knew perhaps he*II dislike the Inslmment for tofneChiiiii or 
other, & so the stamps will be k>st With abandmnoe of the IHm, 
not to mention my being utterij a stranger to such sort of affiurm. 

I doe not mean by this that I wooU have you oome k doe H 
yourself. But design on Munday to prosecute tlie affair agam 
with as much %'iguur as possible, k in the mean time desire your 
further directions. If before thev come I need 'em not I ahttU 
be glad ; for you may depend I shall omitt nothing in my power 
to len-e you. The Trustees are Mr. Bertye, Sir Edward Coks, 
Sir John Newton, k Mr. John Coke. If their names must be ta^ 
the forme you sent must be altered. And they leem so rimiMi 
in the bu!iineft!«c that they only send me from one to anotker* 
And a(\er I had found out their bouses, *tis a great chance to 
catch Vm at home, or at least a great while before one's admitted 
to a sight of *em. 

There's a great noiie here of peace.' As for Dr. Sache-Uy* 

' The War of Sueetmioo, btgwi in I702« wm fCiU eootiii«i»f. 

* Henry SAchcvrrell. too of Joahmm H.. RccUir ci He fVCcf"*. MaHbofoagll. 
VM born about 1672. and wm edocaUd in a idiool tWrt. at Um ebaifv oC Ilis 
godfatbrr. Mr. Rd. Hcarvt, an apoUMcarj, vbo adopted bl■^ and vboaa w<iiir 
pat bin to Maffdalen (\>ll.. Oiford. vbert bt bccMM draj in l<»7. aged Ik 
Addison, in 1091. de<ltcatc>d to bia bjt "Aecoaat ot tbe Ormtm€ ragtjii 
Potu.** and called bin * bit dcaraal friend and eullcafve/* Ht 1*4 bia UJL 
d^fM in ISM; BD. 1707; DD. i70S ; baft Incvabenl of 
Kent. ; and Prmcber of m. Saviow'a, aoMb«ark« in 1 70S. In 170e bt 
a political acrmon at Derby, and anotbcf bclof« tbt Lord Major at ML fMni; 
and la one of tbem «aa aappoaad to allada to Lord Oodolpbin widar tba 
ci Volpooe. Beinf loipeacbed by tbt lloMt ci ComaMna. bt 
condemned to tbree jtara ina p t n ai an, and bia M i a u na atd n ad In bt 
Tbia |«oaec«tton ovrrtbrew tbt aintatfj ; and lanl tbt fonndation nf Ua 
tone RioCa and diw«rdrr« occ an td in London by tbr oMb vbo 
tbe tnal. Dorinf bit eoepeoMiin be SMde a kind ol tnnmpbnl 
eanona pane of tbe kin(du«, and vaa at tbia tsflM eollatad in a Lirlaf 
.*«bropriitrt ; and in tbt aaaM iMntb tbai bia 

pe taeatod bia to tbe Rectory of Kc Andrrva. Rolbocn IHrypa, vfttiitg 
Ralpb Tborcaby in 1709. allndaa in --tbt atranfe banu and tW 
party-aakiaf ** of bia d^. and ndda. ** 1 
btball ol Arcbbi*bop Oriadal. vitb aaaa 
ebaracter tbat waa fietn to bia in tbai 
tbat "tbe etneffable naaw ot ana &i anr int 
raipact. and to be vindicatad. 1 Iraly tbisb It a daiy fa daar tW 
af aa foad a aan, lanf alaet 

W. STUKELET, 1720. 149 

the Com"* are more displeased at his answer than sermon. And 

are resolved to make him feel the utmost of their power. Though 

thej all wishe theyM never meddled with Iiim. We have shoals 

of pamphlets & pictures upon this occasion. For my part I'me 

80 weary of this noisy, stinking Town, that I think long to be in 

the country, & have taken the coach a week agoe for Cambridge. 

I am, your sincere friend to serve you, 

Wm. Stukelet. 
I shall doe whatever I can to give you 

a good account of the businesse by next 

YIII. Roger Gale to his brother, ^^Mr Saml. Gale, at 
Mr. Bowles's, in St. Paul's Churchtard, in London, 
Free, B. Gale."*— H. F. St. J. 

Scruton, July 29, 1712. 
Dear Brother, 

I thank you for your carefull enquiry after the old Gtentle- 
womans existence, but fear she will toughen again in the countrey 
air. Wee have heerd nothing these two posts from Sir James 
or my Lady, and he being very ill then, fear that she allso has 
gott hold of this new s]Mx:ies of a feavour you mention. I should 
therefore be much obliged to you if you would go to tbeyr lodg- 
ings on the receit of this, k certifye me of both of theyr healths 
by the first return. It was a guinnea I left you for Dr. Morton*s 
book, but since there i.s 10s. more due to Dr. Woodward for 2 
Vol of Leeland, pay him that out of it, & I will make up the 
first summe by a sudden opportunity. AMien Mr. Atkins receives 
the Acts pray let me know, for I then intend to order some other 

hoQO«r tbos long.** Strypc'i ** True Chancter of Bishop Grindml ** wm pob* 
lUbed in 1710. Sachercrcll died in 1724. and beqaeathed £500 to Bishop 
Atterburj, then in exile, who was supposed to have penned the defence be made 
before the House of Lords. The Duchess of Marlborough described him as 
** an ignorant, impudent inceodiarj, a man who was the scorn eren of tboae 
who omde use of him as a tool.** Bishop Burnet sajs, ** he was a bold, insole&t 
man, with a Terj small measure of religion. Tirtue, learning, or good seoae ; 
but he resoWed to force himself into popularitjr and preferment, bj the moat 
petulant railings at dissenters and low churchmen, in several sermons and Ubals 
written without either chasteness of stjle, or liveliness of expression.** 

Roger Gale waa at this time M.P. for Kocthallerton. 


books to come along with them. I tboald allio be glad to know 
how Mr. Thoresby proceeds/ & wlien Dr. Moretoo*t* book will 
be out Mr. Raper sett out jcsterday for London. You men* 
tioned to me that a friend of voura spoke to joo about St Wini- 
fred^s life from the bishop of St Asaph.^ I hare that life wrote 
Tery fairly upon velam, I suppose the author of it was Robertus 
Salopianus," tho* I dont find it is dedicated to Guarinus of Wor- 
oetter, as Leland says tliat was« but if the bishop has a mind 
to see it I shall send it him bj the first opportunity, or, because 
it is contained with other writeings in a pretty large %*olume, if 
his Lordship dcsi^c^ any |»articular passage to be consulted or 
transcribed, I shall do it upon the first intimation from him. I 
have been hard at work in transcribing the letters from foreignen 
to my Father, k have done about half. I did not think it would 
have been so troublesome a buisyness, nor so long as I find, the 
scurfy hands of ^everall that I have to decypher make it tedious, 
besides the numbers of the epi»tles, which I believe will hardly 
be contained in the three quires of your p^per, however I intend 
to go through with them, now I ha%*e begun, but without thouglits 
of printing, which may not be convenient fw severall reasons ; 
k shall content my •elf with using my endeavors to preser\'e tbem 
this way. My service to Dr. AUix, k all friends where requisite. 

I am vour loving brother, 

• Probablj with hit *- Dvcatat LsoHk— it" 

• Qmrj RiclMrd MotUmi. mi Mlncat |4i7«idaa. keni la Vfolk. liioam 
•t If sfdAka Hall. Oilord. Md one of tW dMplaiiM ol Xcv OftlWft. fUvtsf 
•dopcH tlM pHaapW* of the mcnoomtonmtmt^ 1m ib^aitiMmt t l i t olafy for m^di* 
on« sft«r tiM KMlormuoo oi CbArlct IL M.D. I€;a thtd \€m. Ht 
*" PkUialolofift, fM cicrautiOTM* «k PkthUi . " mttd ** EmerduuoMi tft 
•BivtnA]tb«« •rati*." 

' WilliAm FW<etwon«l. nMi««ci of WiiMUnr. vm Uakop of Si. Ai«^ fi 
I70S to 1*11. mhrti he «M frmn»Ulc>d Co FJf He vm bum in Un* Tf*vff mi 
Londao IB less ; cdaoUed tA tum. amj tx Kinf • C'olkfr. Cmmhndf >sctf 
ci Hl AMUa't. LamAtm, Mid L«cct«rcr M M. l>«MCMiVia*Ue-Wffli. H« was 
tJbt beat prtacber of hu time. mi«1 In* •rr«i'*fM wert eooanlrfvd ■iltto «4 palftt 
cloqacner.— ^ikI^/. HMt^f UmHtm^, Xjam^nm, |sM. Col. IU9. A ■■■flUl 
ODltoctioa ol hU •rr^oo*. irmcu. %mA o«lMf pmtm, vat pabaifcti la lalle 
Loadoa. 1 737. AaMWf cImb U " TW Ufr and Mifadst of m. Wialfnid. tagttWr 
wlUi her UUBiet.** vliicb wa« iwbliaacd wparaniy. la 1712. Diid I7S1L 

• TW * Ul« of !(L WiBifrvd" VBB vnuta kf ftaaartas itiln iiliHiaiii^ 

iiitJBiUi la Oaafia m WMla^yrtsf «f W«MSilv.~Jls#dh^s 

U ysfl 1« f^ IS^l. 

W. STUKELEY, 1720. 151 

IX Thomas Baker,' " to Mr. William Stukelet, at Boston 
IN Lincolnshire, by way of Caxton." — H. F. St. J. 

Cambridge, Jun. 19, 1714. 

I am to thank you for your kinde offer by your friend. 

I have no design upon a Natural History of Cambridgeshire, but 
if you have anything concerning the antiquity of this University, 
or any particular College, or concerning the history of them, or 
any particular men that were eminent in the same, especially in 
St John*s College, I shall take it as a favor if you will please to 
impart it ; or if you have any Papers to that purpose, that you 
mnll trust me with, they shall be thankfully returned, after I have 
perused them. 

You hare a worthy dergj-man, Mr. Kelsall,'" in your Town, 
to whome I think myself very much engaged, I sent him a small 
token of my thankfulness by Dr. Massey, Avhich I hope he received 
some time ago, but I must yet think myself much in his debt. 
If you will please to present my humble service to him, which is 
80 much owing, you will add to the favours you have already 
shown to 

Sir, your most obedient humble sen*ant, 

Tho. Baker. 

* Born At Laochetter. Dnrbam, 165G ; died 17-10, aged 83. Fellow of St. 
John*0 College, Cambridge. In 1688 he wan deprived of the Rectory of Long 
Newton, Durham, for refusing to take the oaths to the new Government. He 
retired to Cambridge* where he had a scholarship, of which he was subtequentlj 
deprived. He wrote ^ Reflections on Learning,** and left large MSS. collections, 
pome of which are among the Harleian MSS. in the British Museum. In 1700 
he commenced writing a History of the UnivcrKity of Cambridge. In a letter 
to Tboretby, March 7, 1709-10, he writes, "that I intend a general History is 
more than I dare yet say ; but if you will be plcasecl to send any short account 
of Dr. Nalson, Mr. Miluer. ice I shall take it as a favour.** JMorrt^'s Otrrrs- 
pomdtmrr. Vol. ii., p. 230. The Earl of Oxford, writing to T. Hranie in 1731 
aays, ** I have bad the pleasure, when I went to Cambridge, of waiting upon 
Mr. Baker of 8. John's, that reverend and most worthy man. 1 saw him about 
a fortnight since .... I had the pleasure to see him look very well. He 
ia an example to the whole University, but I fear few will follow him. At his 
age (then 76) he is up by four o'clock in the morning, goes constantly to chapel 
at five, and this be does without any regard to the ■caiK>n.**^^if^rf3f*« Letten, 
Vol. ii., p. 87. 

^ See **Coaiinentai7t,** p. 12. 


X. Ralph Thobesby to " Petee Le Neve,»» Esq., Noeeot 
Kino-at-Arm8, at His house, at the College or Aems, 
NEAR St. Paul's Church, in London.**— H. F. St. J. 

Le€do», 2* June, 1719. 


Hanng writ to you by yesterdays post, I hare Dotliing fur- 
ther to add, saving that afterwards I had notice of a private k safe 
hand (for I dare not venture it by the carrier) to transmit to ycm 
the mcilall of Constantine the Great therein mentioned, the ori^ 
inal whereof was in gold ; after you ha%*e communicated it to your 
brethren, the Society of Antiquarys, please to desire Mr. Oale 
to send it with tlie original seal, by my Cosin Cookson, to 

Sir, your most humble servant, 

R. Thorbset.** 
Pleaiio to enquire of Mr. Holme*' if he knows who was the 
author of Jani Anglorum factes nova (which has a side glance at 
his old friend Mr. I'etyt). Mr. Scldens** tract was Jani Anglonim 
facies altera. Si was (at lea>t tin* edition I ha\'e in English) in 
folio, this in 8** 1680. 

l*«-ier Le Nerc ws« ok^re ciisii fort? jmn smMsinf a frwt eolkccioa oC 
sntiquiti#«« wbkb ouse loto the ^o§aemu»n of Mr. Tbn«a« Msrtia. o| Mgrsv«. 
Suffolk, vbo mamcU hu wid«>w. After Msrtin'ft d<«tb is 1771 the eolWctioa 
WM dttperaed. 

" fUlph Tboresbr. bom sC LeevU. IG^ . fiie«l K.*^ . mm ol Jolw Jhon^kff 
of B«lBi#f. Bcur York. sftcnranU el Leed». He wm edsesied t» tW OrMaaar 
School. LfOiU He ■uuncd Anna, dsafbt^r ol Richard f^jkta^ el ttaihsM. 
Yorkahlrr : snil wm s Boncoofar«it«t nntti lCf9. «hm he shn n di M W^I hi* mm^ 
Bcctioa with the dt«H'oUra. Hi- becnme KrIUiv t4 the lt«»«sl Snoec? in \*^. 
Hi* priBctpsl works are " Ihtcatat Lcodicn«i« . " " Msw TWoweliyaaaiw" a 
Catalofoe of bit Maarum : ami * Virans Ijeodtmum," a Hitincj ol the (iMfch 
of Lr««t«. At hi* ileath valual'le c*>nrt:ti**n* virr t^Ui bj fMibitc aadMa. 

•• Cirofjjr Holm* • «»• f -f mzitx }rar» rlrrk v% Mr Ivtit. Krr|«f ol the 
Tower llr<-<.r«l» Aftrr Mr l'«tit'« *\rmtU br «•# ftfpoiate«l. be L«nH Halifaa* 
%n aiethmltte the i(e>ri>r«U. ai • 7<*arty •Aiarj %>( £ l^»i. which w^ coatiaaed %m 
hi* (Itaih to 174%. aire<l $<>. — JrrS«W«^»tf Vt»! I . Intr%i>!aciintt |« &aiTt. 

** J«»hn "^Mf n. one «>f tlir m't^t Irarnr^l meti nf t)te ITth rentanr. Biiea ai 
Salvini:t4>o, rniMri. to t>l : e«liicatr«l at Hsrt Hall (now Hrriford CellefrV 
Otf<»rd. wlience he rraN*ee«l x»* Miffun! • Inn an«l aftrrwani* to tht laaet 
Trai|4r. where he wm mIM to the Bar M T. lf*?J ^al la the WeetataeleT 
AMeviltv •# a av aietnl^Y Kerfier ol the l><Mr'le la the Tf«wer. IM3 All 
hu work* were ci>ll<rteil bj I%ti«| Witkia«. aA«l faUt»h*4 la S volaaMa* faliai 
LoiMloa. iryr.. Abkni; thta is "Jani 
4 fhwnkk Hcsrtd li. ac.~l>i4i|p. MMit^. AsriMy, Orf. S«M 

W. STUKELEY, 1720. 153 

XI. Jahes Burrough, "to Dr. Stukeley, in Ormond 
Street, London." — H. F. St. J. 


Caius Coll., July [?] 20, 1721. 

If ever I bad been at London since I bad the honour to 
see you in Caius College, I sbould not bave denied myself the 
pleasure of waiting on you. I am now going into tbe country 
for 3 weeks, at my return I will send you a drawing of Cross. 
Mr. Baker bad tbe picture you mention, but bas giren it to Lord 
Harley, wbo, I suppose, bas it at Wimple, 6 miles from Cam- 
bridge. L**' Harley will probably let it come to Cambridge (if 
asked), wbere I can bave it copied for 3 guineas. Mr. Baker 
bas a long will of Mr. Hobson's, wbicb I can bave transcribed 
for you if you please. Tbe rest of your letter I bope to answer 
myself, in person, at or before Micbaelmass. 

I am. Sir, your most bumble servant, 

James Burrough.'^ 

XII. Sahl. Gale to Dr. Stukeley. — H. F. St. J. 

London, 7** 7^ 1721. 
Deare Sir, 

Tbis comes to return you my bearty thanks for your very 
entertaining letter, which I received half an hour before I went 
to the Mitre, where was Mr. Vcrtue,'* to whom & tbe rest I read 
over your narrative. Mr. Vertu was extreamly well satisfied with 
your account of Richard IL, & gives his service & thanks to 

^ Master of tbe College from 1751* to \7M. 

** George Vertue. bom in St.-Martin*s-in-the-FieIdt, London, 16S4, became 
an eminent engraver and antiqaary. He engrafed for Michael Vandergntcby 
bat quitted him in 1709. He acquired the notice of Sir Godfrey Kneller. 
Lord Somerii employed him to engrave a plate of Archbishop TilloUoo, which 
was the groundwork of his rcfiatation. He was afterwards |Mitronited bj the 
Earl of Oxford ; and when the Earl of Winchelsea was lYetident of the Society 
of Antiquaries, on its rerival in 1717. Vertae was appointed engraver to that 
body. Among the |iortraits he engraved are those of Matthew Priory Sir Hugh 
Middleton. Sir Ral|>h Windwood. 5cc He died in 1736. and was boned in the 
Cloisters of Westminster Abbey. He wrote ** Anecdotes of Painting in 
England/* published by Horaoe Walpole, wbo said of him, ** Ko maa living, 
so bigoted to a Tocation, was ever so incapable of falsehood. Ho did not deal 
even in hypothesis,— acaroc in ooojectare.** 


jroa, iho whole oompany dnnk Iietlth & protperitj to the trmral* 
lern, 1 1 intend to praent joar primitive tjUiemmcle to the Socteijr, 
they wanting one much. La»t Satardar I wm at Eaton to tee 
my nephew, who it very well & brisk, k gives his duty to my 
brother, which I desire von to communicate to htm. On Son- 
day I went to Windsor, to Mr. TopIiam*s, Mr. Holmes being 
there, & see his fine library k dniwing!^, but the greatest curiositie 
was in the Castle, which ver}' few arc permitted to see. Tis an 
apartment under the King's lodgings, in which there is a mag- 
nificent picture of King Harry 8*^ sitting on a Throne, supported 
by large columns, tlie back of tlic picture imitating Arras hang- 
ings, on his right hand stands K. Ed. VI*^, on his left Q. 
Catherine, at a little dii4ance his 2 daughters Q. Mary & Q. 
Elisabeth, besides this there are two other large pieces repreaent* 
ing the landing k entrance of Harry 8*^ at k into Bologne, in 
which the King k Wolsey appear conspicuous, attended with a 
numerous train ; there are some hundreds of figurva in these 
peices, beside the English fleet k the Kings ship with sails of 
cloth of gold, all done by Hans Holbcn, in the same room tliere 
is anotlier picture of 3 qrs ., of Prince Arthur, the King*s brother, 
this is a treasure which Mr. Vertue own« he never i^ee. Pray give 
my resfiects U^ my brother. I cant say but that I am a little 
astonished to hearo tluit we shall not have your good oompanys for 
so long a s|iace. C apt*. Davis give» his i«r%*ice to my broiher. 
P.S. — I called tliis e\*eoing at your kxlginga. Mrk Machio gives 
her sen-ice to you. All things oontinue as you left them. Only 
a man from Holbeach ban been U* pay you some money. He 
saies he shall be in town again sliortly, k will leave it either with 
Mr». Machin or me. Tlie Town eontinu«'« healthy, but we are 
nn«ler imiuic aprelirn*ioiiik fnnii •mu^»l«r^. TIh^ pe^tilctice** encrra^ 
ing miserably in Franci*, k ti» said tiie young King is removing 
to Liple. I wish I had more agnrable new« to send ycm. I had 
almofit forgott to t4*ll yoti titat I \KkHl vour •ilk-worm mony, k 
have ten shsro* for it. I am, dear iKjitAir, 

YcwTs moa allipctiociately, 

Saul. Gaul 

TW pl^w csrrtrd ttf ao.isa> ptffMM SI UmnmXkm •md ^ Om 
livMsaMlskasaksaahf««|slaaiM»«RHBlfca UsaaLla lim 

W. STUSZLETy 1720. 155 

(On the last page, in another handwriting, is the following) : — 
^An original picture of Henr}' of Bollingbroke, afterwards 
H. IIII.y at Hampton Court, L^' Coningsbvs, which he boilt 
Another of Q. Eliz. ; S'* Tho. Conuigsby 6. Grandfather & his 
Lady, by Dobson,'* with many other old pictures." 

Xin. Faxcts concernikg the aboriginal form of huvak 


Mr. Conters Place of Dorchester. — H. C. 

Burrough, & its contraction Burgh, (of which also I take 
burrow, barrow, & bury, to be so many corruptions) is an 
allowed note of the antiquity of the place so called, as well by 
Camden himself, as well as those who are the Authors of the 
annotations upon him : nor can there be a more effectual con- 
firmation of that note than those old & mother towns that have 
the prinlege of sending members to Parliament are particularly 
distinguished by that name, & are called Burroughs, or allowed 
to be »o ; & the Avhole title of many of them to their present 
enjoyment of that right in the state of decay they are now 
reduced to, seems to re^t in their claim to that title, & in the 
respect & veneration which the evidences of antiquity inserted 
in that name bespeaks for them. 

I cannot perceive that the name Burrough or Burgh was 
instituted to denote any kind of eminence, in the place so called, 
beyond others, so as to mean a Fort or Castle or place any way 
fortifyed with ramparts, or otherwise distinguisht by any pecu- 
liar advantages, as is often suggested by Camden ; or that the 
name putts the place called by it under any distinction whatever, 
unlesse accidentally, besides that of common habitation, the bare 
antiquity of which it onely implys, because it is often confounded 
with such appellatives to ascertain & distinguish it, as Burgh 
Castle J Burgh Forty &c, 6i tliat it signifved no more than house, 

'« WilliMD DobMn, bora 1610 ; died 1646. A |«inter after tlie mamm of 
Vandjck, bj whom be wm |ireeented to CharlM L His painlinge wm his- 
toricsl and portrmiu. — Beet^ntt fK 88J*. 


boiues, or a towoi a lettlafnent wbert one or more famOjs dwelt 
Btirrough was the habitation k B(mr wan tlie inhabitant, heoee 
neighbour, {.«. a nigh hour or one that lived in a Bnrroiigh not 
farr off. 

But the name Burrough, thoagh at first it directl j meant ooeir 
one common habitation, yett carr}^ in it monumental eridencea of 
the original form of such habitation, k indirectly letta ui into that; 
for our application of the name Burrough to the habitation of 
such animaU whose natures are incapable of making improTe- 
ments in their manner of dwelling that is still retained among 
OS, discovers the native & simple signification of the name 
Burrough, when our ancestors gave their own dwellings that 
name ; for we appropriate it onely to the underground lodgings 
of animals, a» to the holes of foxes, badgers, k rabbita. From 
whence I iuferr that when it was first applyed to human habita- 
tion, whether in an allusive sence from tliem, or theirs from it ; 
or whether both were simple or equally original, that it signifjed 
the ver}' same, or what nearly resembled the habitations of those 
creatures, k eoniequently that the inhabitants of this land, when 
the name was given, dwelt chiefly under ground k lived not in 
hnuM*s rained from the ground, but in holes dug in it, which 
sence of the word aeems still to obtain as to the dead, though it has 
IcM its native idea as to the linng, for hence we may call potting 
a i«ir|iM- into a Imlr uiitli-r ^ri*uii«l l«* I>tiijr <ii liurruii^li il ; u 
barrow or burrough being a fJace dug for that fiurpofle, though 
the custome of monumental tumulation has abused the wocd to 
express the contrary to what it was instituted to expresse, k to 
signifye a hill instead of a hole. 

Our originali Burrou;!h« in their primitive simplicity were 
but as lUY many human warrrns, consiMing of a sett of under- 
ground caverns ; the loilging part k body at least of each 
dwelling run in, k was underground ; k this is but nuitable to 
thf* navagi* wsy of life of the old Brittains in other respects sorb 
as f lietr gt*ing naked, which akme cutts off all the ends aOmoit 
of raising huunes. For to what eml should men rai«e houssa, 
who had neither cloaths, n<ir furniture, nor wanted any guard 
against the indemeney of the air, nor had any intent of rstart* 
meot to answer, but memrkt from wiU b«sla or mnimf wMsl 

w. STUKELET3 1720. 157 

they slept ? Their painted or rather smoak-bound hides lookt as 
if they lived in rooms where smoak had no vent by windows or 
chimneys, to which wee may add, as an inducement to natural 
simplicity, that underground lodgings were both cooler in sum- 
mer (if our dime is ever too hot) & warmer in winter, for which 
latter reason, 'tis pretty near kept to in Iceland, Lapland, && 
Purchas says of the Icelanders all their houses are underground. 
Lib. iii. Cap. 22^. 

Nor were the inhabitants of this island singular in this matter, 
so no derogation to them, because it seems to have been natures 
primitive mode of dwelling, common with them to most nations. 
The various notions of the TpoiyXoSuroi of old that took their 
names from the custome of living in holes, or burroughs, strictly 
such, is an instance of it, hence it is that the old Oiants are 
represented to us as underground-livers all of them, as Polyphe- 
mus's cave, Cacus*s den, &c. The rustick divinitys of the 
heathen, such as Pan, Fawns, the Satyrs, £c., are proposed to 
us as residing in underground seats, & your Sibyls, Trophonius, 
& the rest of them, made choice of caverns to vent their oracles 
from, as more awfull & venerable, by their resemblance of primi- 
tive & simpler times, when heaven &, earth corresponded together 
more familiarly : & I am apt to think that the notion of your 
7ii7€yffC ^ Temc tilii, men springing out of the earth, did arise 
hence ; & that a great many suddenly bolting out at once from 
their burroughs, like the tinners in Cornwall from their mines, 
might first give occasion to those fables & fancys of crops of 
armed troops starting up from dragons & serpents teeth to the 
great surprise of Cadmus & Jason. Ovid reckons mens building 
houses, & linng above ground as an improvement, or rather 
degeneracy gradually introduced after the golden age, & in 
processe of time. 

Tom primom ittbiere domot, domoa antra foerant, 

Bt dead frotioea, et vinous eortioe TifgK. [if«C lib. i., ISl]. 

following to be sure the tracks of History & traditionary chron- 
ology, at least, from the Creation in this matter. After the 
Deluge, the terror it had stmek, k the fear of its return made 
men keep chiefly to the mountains as the safeet^ beaidea that the 
& flatt countreya must be all so mixed, t thenby poddledi 

158 MUCBLUufions ooRanroiiDKircB. 

that a centurj would tcarre hanlen k settle tbem again aoffi- 
cientiv for safe &, convenient habitation. For till the waters had 
wrouj^ht themselves drains, after such a tliorough Mend, thej 
must be drawn off very leisurely ; &, when the fertility of tb« 
plains invited them down, the distrust of the floods retom fint 
putt them U|)on buildini; upwards from tlie levell ; of which naw 
project DaU^II seeinn to have bc4*n the first instance, followed by 
otiiers built after the same new mode by Nimrod in the plain of 
Shinir. Nor lUts it up|>ear that any »uch thin;; had been prac- 
tised by the anttfdiluviann: and Mo!<es*s way of mentioning that 
piece of archit«*cture dos intimate tlie project to have been 
intirelv new, ^ that the tower or town of Habel was tlie first 
buihiin*: that m<*n had raised above ground for habitation. For 
Cains building of a <*ity may be accounted for by forming a 
society onely, or sum>uiiding the place, where he dwelt, with 
tranches, ramfiarts, or fortifications, such as his fears pott him 
upon, &. do4 not detrrmin it to any mode of building. Digging 
downwani for habitation, both liefore k long after the Flood, 
appears to have bt*t*n the common & gi*nenill practice, k. naCuraa 
first k ^enuin method which men departed firom, either throogh 
distrust or i;;norance of God's providence, least there should be 
a lecond Delude ; or as the fear of wild beasts, or of each oilier 
grown wilft or mivu;;!*, prevailed over natures present k men 
simple n*<^urM» for habitation ; or as the locall inconveniences of 
the founderin;: in of the natural! mould might putt them here 4b 
therr u|M»n artificiall walls k roofs : or as sufTocating dampa k 
aulphunH>u% st<vin« ^ exhalati«ins made tliem oontinue bailding 
upward^ as an e\|ieilient : or as tlie neamesae of the springs 
would nni |M*nnitt tlii^m to sink houses, but forced tliem to above* 
groumi habitat i<»ii«. Thi^ not being a thin)! of choice, bat of 
necessity, a violeni^t? ofTert^l to natiirall dictate k dispositiett, 
men went no tartlRT or f juter into th<*m than jo«t in the ainpleal 
manner Uy avuid inci»nvenieiice that putt them upon it, ao as to 
live abovr-);ruund with as much reaemblanoe still as peasiMe to 
bring underground : either raising an artifidall hmak^ 4 
scooping out the eartli fnHn the side, iur e%*eo modd walls 
not presently invenud, till some superior k happy gram 
eoveirsd the tempering of the artifidall pasley 4 the ass of il| 

W. STUKBLET, 1720. 159 

now BO vulgar & universal, wbicb was once tbe secrett & raritj 
of the age : however, now the prejudices from the reverse of 
custome, & the modem refinements of artificial dwelling has 
turned the ideas &. very thoughts of subterraneous living within 
walls, & under roofs of earth of Natures disposing into contempt 
& ridicule, & we laugh at the simplicity &. extream awkwardnesse 
of the thing, yett we continue to pay reguard to the name, & 
while we spurn the substance load the shadow with dignity & 
pre-eminence, & make it the title of preference to all that culture 
& elegance of modern architecture that has succeeded it. All 
the first settled habitations were caves, nor is it likely there were 
bouses unlesse stationary '^ before, or for some 

generations after the flood. Had architecture been presently 
from the Creation invented, or been natural, yet it is not likely 
there were any materials in the first ages to build witball, for 
they would require considerable time for their generation, there 
being few stones & still fewer quarrys to be supposed perfectly 
formed, the rocks requiring ages to bring them to firmnesae 
beyond paste ; nor were the mines of metalls hastily ripened to 
a bardnesse for tools : nor are we sure that woods or timber- 
trees were created mature or enow to be employed in building, 
till they bad, by Gods command, propagated their Beverall kinds. 
Brick, therefore, or baked earth was of necessity probably, not 
choice, the first material of architecture & the onely one, which 
nevertheless must have been unserviceable, had not the natwiJ 
exocstuation"' of bitumen upon tbe spott, luckily supplyed tbe 
want of cement to the first undertakers. For from tbe Creation 
to the building of tbe Tower of Babel, they had none at all of 
an artificial sort, 'tis plain from the text, so never bad built. 

The best therefore that we can suppose of our top Brittiah 
mansions & towns, when tbe names of Burroughs was impoeed 
upon tbcm in the barbarous state the inhabitants were then in, 
is, that they came up to the fantta of tbe Hottontots or Indian 
■•rages, or other nncnitivated tribes of men. And if tbeir 
booses stood above-ground, yet they were such congeets culmina 
cespite, or extempore hovels as onr beggar* now bat nuke 

" A blank in R. Osle'a tnnaeripL 


agminit banks by the road tidey one deff^^ee remored from aubier- 
ranean, if at all ; they li%'ed under earth, if not under ground, k 
indeed what are our houses still but supplemental caves above 
ground ? 

Nor doe the antique mode of living underground seem to 
have gone off at once, but by degrees, k by little k little, ainoe 
it is hardly yett quite worn out. It is but lately that the fashion 
of ascending to hounes has much pre^miled : moU old houses may 
be obnerved to be dc^K^ended into by steps, k floors laid a good 
deal below the level, with expence to have them so : which is to 
be ascribed either to nature, or to a remain of the old Brittish 
genius k custome of underground living, still sticking in us. 

The old (Mvements of your opus tet^M-llatum are generally 
formed so low in the ground, that I can*t see how they can be so 
well supposed to be either so far overgrown, or sunk beneath 
the suxface, but rather to have been designedly at first laid 
underground, though by Itoman luinds in com|»lyanco with the 
natives mode of underground habitations. 

Nor is it an unlikely conjecture that tlie %ast 1 varioaa 
cavitys undergn»und, «uch as those of tlie Peak k Wooky or 
Okey Hole,'* near Wells, k a great many otliers lesse famoua, 
may not be all the work of nature, but in great measurp tlie 
eflecta of underground architecture by mens cultivating the 
dispositions of nature : k as they look like the (lalacrs of souie 
old giantii, so they might be the Windpors k Hampton Coorta of 
their times, when untlerground dwellings were in fasbioo, k oiiee 
admired no k^sse for magnificence, than now fur pcospix'ta of 
wiMnesae k horror. I know no hypothesis that can aocooot so 
well for all tlnise oild liolkiws, sinkingn in ol' tlie ground, k pitta 
that are every wherr tti be iiH*tt withal, k in m»mr |Jaces too 
many 4 too regular to ha\e happened then* by chance,** k jett 
one cannot imagin that they shouki ha%e been made thert for 
any purposes sbove-gnnind, but as they an* tl*e manifeM founder* 
ings in of sabu^rranean csves by length of time, wb% might not 
tbej he the work of men for habiuticm, when BurrMigli lile 

TW esv«nM %m %kt tr^ utd Wookry Wit srr. viilMvl 4emkL 
oo«l4 te iMbitAU* —a. ti. 

W. STUKELEY, 1720. 161 

in fashion? Abundance of these kinds of larger basons I 
remember when I was a boy in Rippon Common in Yorkshire, 
& a great many in a neighboring heath, & hard by, Ac, here.* 

After underground living was generally quitted as to natural 
& civil life, yet we find how devotion & superstition still loved to 
keep it on by underground celles & chapels & oratorys. Nor is 
it to the disadvantage of Burrough life that so many of those, of 
whom the world was not worthy, are said to have dwelt in dens 
& caves of the earth, some of choice, & others for refuge. 
Grotius notes on Lots dwelling in a cave (Gren. xix. 30) that 
Strabo relates there were abundance of caves in that country, 
which being one of those that were first inhabited, strengthens 
the thought that they came not there by chance, but were made 
by the first men for habitation, though by change of custom 
aftenvards disused : & the abundance of them in all countreys 
that admit of it, confirms the same truth as to their severall 

That there are fewer Burrows in our lower & flatt oountrys, 
&. part of the nation, though otherwise more populous, & better 
stockt with modern towns than the hilly parts, may also proceed 
from their bt'in*^ lesse commodious for the Burrough life then in 
vogue ; which may be one reason why Cornwall has in it more 
Burroughs in proportion than any other county, & where the 
aboriginall inclination to Burrough life very remarkably allso 
exemplifyed itself among the inhabitants, as many of which 
allniost are said to live in burroughs in the old sence of the 
word, as in those above-ground. 

The Romans irultfd represent the Britains, when they found 
tliem, as living in hutj> of reeds or wood, k their to^Tis as so 
many wo<»<i<, but the Britains who knew themselves best, cannot 
l>e suppostn.1 without rwison «S^ propriety to have given a name to 
their habitations that speaks them to have been of another 
nature, a;;ain>t which no foreign testimony can i«o farr prevail ms 
to make u< think otlien%'iM«, but that in some period of time or 
other, either then, before, or since, the inhabitanU notions of 
dwelling were agreeable to what that name exprest, & that con- 

' Dorcbe»tcr.— U. G. 

l62 uiBcxLLAsnom oowusroKDisccr 

tiderable dispositions were made acUudly among themaelTei 

The name Burroufi^h appears to hare travelled hitber from 
Oermanjy k the North whence we were first peopled, k where a 
great many of their oldest k most considerable towns carrj 
Burgh k Burrough in their name; k the thing itself, in tlie 
colder climates, as I have hinted, is pretty near kept ap to. 
The infamous custom of incestuous communitv of wires which 
Cesar takes notice of among the Britains, k says they had ten 
or twelve of them wives together in common, etipecially brothers 
with one another, k parents with their children, very well agrees 
with Burrough living ; for familys cohabiting in one commoo 
room together, witliout partition, k that suited such works of 
darknesse, must of course fall by that mean* into such unnatural! 
practice ; k that sort of odd tenure,' which they call Burrough 
English, ma<%t as naturally as necessarily arise again from mens 
having community of wives ; for where men conM not know 
which were tlieir own, which others, children, it of course drew 
them into the agreement of letting all fare alike. 

The mention of thi<« tenure, Burrough English, has likewise 
rained a thought in my head concerning the etymolog}* of the 
name England itM*lf, that falls in with what I have said of Bur- 
roughs, from an old word still in Ui»e in the North which is 
Angle, k Mgiiifye^ a hole that runs underground, or the branch 
of a mine. From this old word that worm takes its name, 
whose use for baits luu pren the name Angling when we fi^h 
witli it. It i« not unlikely but the name of England 4 Angle- 
land might all«o come (rum li%'ing in subterraneous ca%*efns, a 
Bummgh ditfiTing from an Angle, as a part from the whole, a 
Ikhim* from a town, or one nmrn from a bou^. If wr su|ipose 
some of thi'se Bummgh^, like the cave of Mschprlah' doable, 
that ii^, running in A(*«erall ways fnim one Oi>mnion mouth, so 
that EngliJ^hmen wa« a« much as to Miy Ham>ugb-men, or 
cavem-li%'erv tlie %-erv lome as Tp^Xmiirm^ which eiaaple 
makes it more likely, d: h hich I think b a mneh better co nj ac tnr t 

* lU BttPt mrma fAtcl kiod. for hf b a iiuf k taftufc. tkt laWni 
10 tkt jrv«BC«it cbilil ocUj.— a. U 

aauU beiitefs Is Mikte saM eC te 

w. sTDKBLEr, 1720. 163 

than from Angulus or their living in a corner, or from Angling, 
or from Angelus, the stoiy of the Popes admiring the English 
boys, which paltiy etymologys jett are thought worthy of a 
place in our Antiqoitys. That the name England* or English- 
man, as it is thus of cognate signification may oome &om the 
word Angle, which is the same thing allmost as Burrougb, is 
still more likely from hence, that the Angles, or Angle-livers 
have their originall fixt in that same quarter, whence, as has 
been observed Burrougb came, & go the two words give mutually 
light to one another, &, strength to what I have observed ; tlie 
native force of the one supports tbe denominative title of the 
other; & with an equall propriety, bad arbitrary custome hap- 
pened to have made the counterchange of application, the king- 
dome might have been called Burrougbland, & our towns for 
Burronghs, Angles. 

XIV. Fbom Maurice JoHNsoy, Jun., to Dr. Stukelet. 

[Priktbd in Biblio. Topoo. Brit. Ko. II. part IL, 

coNTAiKiKa Bbuq. Gaixavm. J, Nichols, Lon'd., 


Spalding, Oct 14, 1719. 
Dear Doctor, 

It is long since I enjoyed your good company, & you are 
so much in my thoughts, that I presume you will excuse an old 
friend's enquiring this way of your state of health, &. progress in 
tbe practice of your profession ; for, believe me, Sir, you liare 
friends no where more earnestly wishing you felicity k success 
than in your own country', to which you must give me leave to 
say, you are an ornament ; & amongst your coantr^-men let me 
beg you will be assured no one can be rejoiced more in your 
prosperity than 1 do. But your gains are onr loss, that your 
assistance when we want health, and yonr good compan}' for its 
preservation, are too remote; this epidemicdistemper has rambled 
k raged so throughout our parts of En^and from Borough 

Bj tliii argtuDcnt the BriUlni ooold dctci be callod bomaRh liven, ■> 
be betoie nppoMC, udcc the name of Englaiid wu naknown till long afier tlie 
anlnl d tbt Buobs. The whole diMoone is a wMn wUai^-L O. 


Bridge to your metropolift. Tis true indeed, from all we can 
hear, that the malady has oot been attended with tneh fatal oon- 
tequences in our fenny tracts as in what we mlgarij call the 
high countries. Perhaps, Doctor, your Epidaurean Serpent, 
sprung from the slimy mud of such a lerel, proCecIs us as a good 
genius ; however, the like of this illness has not ever been known 
here, & as it is from an infected sir, the curious enquirers of 
your humble cell at Spalding wouM boM themselves ranch 
obliged by an historical account from you of any such univerml 
contagious fever in England before this time, which we doubt 
not but the histor}* of physic k distempers may have furnished 
you with, for other physicians tell us not of one instance of a 
general yet not fatal fever in so large a tract of oonntrr. With 
God*s blessing, & the care & learning of your good friend 4 
mine. Dr. Nutton,* whose judgment I believe rery sound, k who 
particularly desires me t4> remember him to you, I see my only 
son sprightly & active again, who was the moat severely handled 
of all our numerou<« family, out of which, being 21 in number, 
all, save my spouse & brother, who are rery much yoork He 
was. Sir, seized with it as other people, but the fever grew so 
fierce by degrees, k lasted so long, as to thmw htm into the roost 
violent convulsions I ever did see, which when the Doctor had 
carried off, the |Kx>r roji^r mnMninl lifrle^, k without the least 
motion, having, as his fond n^lation* perhaps alone thought, not 
so much as the power to breathe left It has twice handled roe 
severely, one fit of a fever fur two days k a night witbnnt rrroia* 
sion, k a second for thirty fiMir hours ; but, I thank Ood, I aro 
well again ; k it did interfere with my business, which I find 
will increane upi>n a youn;; man if In* (lersevfres, A I trust we 
may butli li%(* io d«» nifirv than UMr tht* chargi-« (*f litieral educn- 
tion^ I should be glad to liear yuu bad taken to vcni a female 
to your mind, for th«* i*«iiitinuancii* of %«»ur family, A «|ue«li<in not 
but your »uccpsiM>ni will ha\e rea^»n to e»lc«m you a« much aa 
any of yuur progenitors, thtmgh Ninie of them (as I have r^ 
marked according to your ctimmand*) gtM«l k great men, of 
c«»n»iderable interest A alNlitic» in their country. I shall extr be 
UKMl renJy to arrve yuu in anything, k the in^ance I give jtm 

ist BMW la, « ani 42. 

W, STUKELKY, 1720. 165 

in this particular^ by the extracts from divers authors^ only serves 
to evince by my diligence, my perpetually bearing you in mind 
when any thing occurs, that is, what you desire to preserve. 
These, as I believe them properly & peculiarly to relate to you, 
will I hope be acceptable to yourself; k I wish I could any way 
contribute to the entertainment of my good friends at the Mitre, 
whose healths we drink every Wednesday night* duly. It is not 
the affectation of being otherwise fully employed, which prevents 
my endeavouring it ; but the little abilities I have for communi- 
cating any thing not observed by, &, well known to, most of you, 
k the few opportunities I have of seeing here anything but what 
is in print, k within every man^s purchase, deter my attempting 
it, lest I should only prove my ignorance, by making a common 
object, k what so well-read men meet with every day, a matter 
of wonder ; but as a friend who will look with the favourablest 
eyes on my performance, I dare venture to tell you thoughts 
which I dare not speak out in company even the most candid. 

All our friends here are pretty well; your godfather' k 
Joshua, who is yet unmarried, present their services to you. I 
don*t need to tell you I wish I had been at home when you was 
in the countr}-, that I might have had the satisfaction of endea- 
vouring to amuse you agreeably a while, which I almost despair 
of doing by anything I can communicate from hence concerning 
the learned world. However, what I am told I will tell you, k 
though it be no more than what you knew before, yet I shall 
only then do as they who greet us with its being a very sickly 
time, cold weather, kc. 

The University of Cambridge is upon erecting a theatre, k 
have for that purpose lately turned several tenants out of houses 
which they some time since purchased, to build it upon the 
ground where they stand, k resolve, as I am told, to chuse the 
same vice-chancellor again, & he to accept it, k to cite Dr. 
Bentley as Master of Trinity, to shew reasons why he will not 
consent that an instrument they call the Prognunma should not 
be fixed upon the public schoolsi k other such places. 

* Tlie Sodetj of Antiqiiaii«t then met on Wednetdaj evenings. 
' William Ambler, Esq., of Spalding.— See OwMrvtefyt, |i. 6 n. 

166 MttCELLAKIOUS coRRisrcwDcrci. 

Our frieod Sparke/ of Peterborough, Bm Imtd j pot bio good 
order, and a new method, the Earl of CaidiganV libraiy at Dean 
in Northamptonshire, in a noble lar^^ room which that lord haa 
a«vsi^ned for that purpose, & fitt4>d up aocordinglj. 

Mr. Youn;;;,'^ now LL.D., who wrote the poem on the Last 
Day, and Busiris, is taken into the Earl of Eieter*i family as 
tutor to his lordship's eldest son, liord Burleigh, k is goin;^ Id 
travel with him. 

Your townswoman, & my pretty neighbour, Sally Hibbins, 
has written a very diverting comedy since she has been in Shrop- 

I muAt not forget to let you know how our little society goea 

« JoM(*h Sptfkc, RcfiArmr of Pcterboroofh Csibcdral« pmhbaktd is folio, 
17SS. A good oditioQ of aooM of cor Bonktah hMloriaas, vii^ "Cknmttmm 
JohAnnit AblMtit dc Borflio,** and Hugh ll'btKc't ** HutUirj of l*«C«rboroogK" 
both from the Cotioo Library : Robert S«A|ihAa't Httlory of Mm Ctareh. frooi 
A \IS. in lU librmrr ; snoUicr bj Walter WhtUlcaej, a rli7«iag Tnm€k Chroakit 
from tbc Cottoo. Library, and Scephaoidcs't Life of TbooMO 4 Boekot, fro« a 
MS. in this library, ooUatcd with one in bit own. He iattadod a MOo«d «ol.« 
to contain Wbittleary*t * Life of Hereward, Abbot of PMcrboroaffb," aad bad 
actoally engraved Ibt arva of ibt knighu wboet acft were iMlitvUd by Abbat 
Tborold : bot died 1740. Hie dedicauoo of tbe arM eol. lo Dr. Masd la doled 
from tbe library of John Bridges. E«q^ wbo faraiabad him wiib tfaaecri|Hi of 
tbe Cottoaiea MS« aad died tbe year after bis. Tbe Society of Aatiqaartas 
engraved in 1730 a aaal of Petrrborovgh Miaelcr la Mr. a|iarke*t peaaMMa. 

• Oeorga Bradcaell, wbo died I7». aad wboae eoa Oaocft wm Dake of 


•• Edward Toaag. tbe aatbor of tbe weU-kaowa • yigbl 
ia ISS4. at Tpbaa. Haata, of wbicb |«rieb hie fatbcr wh 
Wincbeeur School, aad afterwards, la 1 70S. at Omlotd. Ia 1708, a Law feilaw- 
•bip in All SoaU* College wae eoaferred oa blai by Arrbbiibop TeatoBa. Ia 
1714 he obtained hit drgree of II C L . aad that of D.C.L. la ITlf. T bt eag b 
lift- hi- WM one of th* m«>0t pertevermg and aadanoae toadiea la 17 IS be 
publi»bed * Tbe LaM Day.** aad *' Tbe Force of Beligioa. ee %'M9aiabed Loee ; " 
and in 1714 **A Roes oa tbe Death of Qaera Aaae.'* ia Kit be veataiad aa 
a Tragedy, aader tbe utle of ** Baeirie.** which wae biaagbt aal al Diary 
and had a fair eaceeae ; la 1721 ** Tbe Beeenge ; " aad la 17U "Tbe 
la 1777 be took holy oedev«» aad waa apimaiad eat of the Bayal Cteplaiaa ; 
and in 1790 be hrrmmn rector of Wdwya, Heffc la I7S1 be mmhmi La^y 
Bltaabetb Lia. daagblar of the Eti of Licbtrid. aad vidav of 
It la belteeed that hie aoleaia »aditatioai^ oaoMioaad by bar diaib. 
thr - Night TWagbta.- He diad la 170.— CUeUeev'a Jkifiiy ^ 
eat L,ttl. 

W. STUKELEY, 1720, 167 

on, which is very well. We meet constantly, but are likely to 
lose one of our members, Mr. Atkinson, who through a compli- 
cation of distempers is brought so low that I fear we shall lose 
him very soon. 

Tour own parish, Holbeach, affords one remarkable article in 
the parochial charge, where tlie last year the churchwardens paid 
£4 6s. Od. for the destruction of the urchins or hedgehogs, at 
but one single penny a piece, and the present officers have paid 
above £30 on the same account already ; the vast stocks of cattle 
in this noble parish, & some coney burroughs, have drawn 
those creatures from all parts hither, as one would think.*' 

You know that ingenious old gentleman, your townsman, 
Mr. Rands, is dead there, the remaining part of whose collection 
of prints devolves upon me by purchase, & I wish he had not 
so far indulged the ignorant as to have let them cull out some 
of them. 

I desire you will send me word, good Mr. Secretary,** how 
the impression of the Registrum Honoris de Richmond goes on,*' 
and to set down Edward Horseman, of Lincoln's Inn, Esq., for 
a subscriber for one copy, and let Mr. Treasurer*^ know I am 
much his humble servant, and will answer the subscription for 
that gentleman to him when next I have the pleasure to see you 
all. I have not yet been able to gain anything worthy the press 
relating to that book, which I yet hope to do, & will endeavour ; 
the whole & large Soke of Kirton, in our fens, being parcel of 
that Honour, & now the possession of the Earl of Exeter, lord 
thereof, & my father Steward of the Courts of that Soke. I 
have not yet procured what I wrote for, a MS. of that EarKs, 
relating, as I hope to find, to that district or jurisdiction ; but 
more of this hereafter. I beg of you, when next you see Mr, 
Norroy,*^ our learned President, to present my most humble 

" For a Tindication of the hedgehog, tee Gent. Jisf^ vol. ili»., p. 896. 

*' Dr. 8tnkelej wm SecreUrj to the Sodet j of Antiqutfiei, Loodoo, from 
iu rtriTwl in 1717-18, till he retired into the couiitry in 1725. 

^ See Brit, Tpp^^., iL. 444, n. The book waa not pahliahad ontfl 1792. 

*• Mr. Samod Oale. 

*• Peter le Nere, ooe of the moat eadneni p i taei f ia ol Aatiqvitica, atoctod 
Prcaident of the Society of Antiqvariea, 1718, disd 1780. 


senrice to him, t desire him to tell you the metning of thete 
words not unfrequent io Domesday, title Linoolnshirey Tmlla^ 4 
BertWj^* which last is by Ingulphus rendered Mamerimm^ bat 
desire him to tell you what sort of manor he takes it to be, A, if 
I ^hall not be too troublesome to him, I would beg of him to tell 
me whose coat of arms is, Az. on a chief Ar;;. 3 ( I don*t know 
what they are except Buckli's) Az.*' And this bearing enquire 
about also, Jacob*s staff Or, between a (*hevron Or, charged 
with 5 Mullets Az. k for tlie (Ve»t to this Coat, an hone*s bc^ 
erased Gu. bridled Az. or rather a blue ribband tied round his 

My humble ser>'ice also to Mr. Hare k to Mr. Hdmes, k tell 
him I beg of him to let me hare copies of tlie inquisition, 4 also 
of the cUim at the coronation of King Richard the Second, 
made out for me against I conir to town, where I long to be for 
the fMike of conversing with you. Sir, k the good company at 
the Mitre. I ho|ie Mr. Hill goo^ on with his Hereford ;'^ but 
he either has not finished the poem he n*ad |iart of to us, or for- 
got his promise of sending me a copy of iu Pray how dors 
Mr. Baxter's Grammar go on ? If you have anywhere met with 
any thing relating to my ancestorA in your turning o^*er ycmr 
old books or papers, 1 beg you in rt^tuni to tend it me with an 

** Bj D c f tw i ca U ■••nt a Mbordinau baboc . or a rrmau luiAlet. so far 
Iroai tbt iMiCbcr diarcli m to nc^d a cba|«l SoowUsMi it wm a itnlorand 

" IVoeovgood. As. P« A cklcf arf , S lowofr oveklcs poialt 4tsltr ot tkt 

** Erioftoo. of H a gi fd mkI H|«ldinf. Line. A& cm a cbf tro ^ l«t««ra 3 
m%ntktt'% crew lUvf . (>r. S nvlleu of ihr Srti. i\tfw^rtk's Ofd tf Br^i, 
Anm^r^U, |K &S3. 

** Mr. Jmdm Hill, of iht MiUaic Te«i|V. |4ii.!i»bol * rrMf..«»U U^ a Hitumj 
of tiM Citjol Hcrrfunl." 1717. ib two pmru. ami ot%t vulvae, xbe i-Uo of wh»€k 
m^j hm men m ** Rovhoauo's CofliAh Tofavrai^bef." p 71. It «oa to bato 
been followed bj aooChcf vol. tfvotinf of tbcomntj lli»«lratli.>l«Uj 
rmdcrrd tbo draifn aborUT«. Hv ftb^wf*! tlie Anti«|iiariaa Niiri«tj «*f L^khIuo, 
la 1 7 IK, a VMS oolloctioa of dfawiaf% Ttowa, iii«cn|4itMMk plopnk s»d 
▼a&MNia la Mf^ . Un fniiU of bia trmnrla la tbo wort of Eoftand tbat 
wril woftlij of bia lad g i i at and akill la aBtM|oitj. for bia diltgiaai aad 
rary. ta wkKb Wr bad dcorrvod tbaaka. ( Mtmwte* If i9r. ^mM^ , Hta omI* 
kcteoaa* wbicb w«ft aadt by bua btfort 17IA, wctr ta tbo baada al i«fvf 
Oak, im. Haa a inftAcalar as t t —i sf tbaa. MnL lipiy^ VatU ^ 41a. 

V. STUKELBT, 1720. 169 

answer to my qaeries, &c., in your own ffpod time ; & am, wish- 
ing jou very much joy of aU your bonours & long health, dear Sir, 
Your sincere ready friend, & humble Ber\-ant, 

MAtmiCE Johnson, Juk. 
P.S. — I had almost forgotten another coat of arms which I 
beg you to ask of Mr. Le Neve or Mr. Hare, as of the othen, 
whose name it belongs to. Gu. 3 sinister wings Or, between a 
fesse Arg. in the middle of which is a Lion Or, in a round spot 
Gu. ; two wings nbove the fesse & one below it." I believe I 
should say » fesse charged with such a thing, but he will pardon 
my want of proper terms, & teach me belter from your answer." 

XV. T. Heahne'b" oplvios of Dr. Stdkelet. 

Oct 9, 1722. " He is making searches about the Roman 
ways. He is a very fancifull man, and the things he hath pub- 
lisird are built upon fancy. He is looked upon as « man of no 
grcitt authority, and his reputation dwindles every day, as I have 
li'iimed from very good hands. He hath publishtN] a draught of 
Old Vcrulani. with strange fancifull things. He hath published 
a draught of Waltliam Cross, all fancy, yet the Cross is standing, 
and Mr. Bridges luith ]>ubltshcd a true draught of it." — Blua's 
ReVu]. Jleamiana. Oxford, It^bl, p. 487. 

XVI. T. Eearhb's opcnoK of Dr. Stoxelet. 

Sept. 10, 1724. " Yesterday called upon me Wm. Stukeley, 
Doct. of Physick, whom I had never seen before. He told m« 

* Com of PoTter. CoroiralL 

" OtbtT eo*t« dnwD in tbi* Inter, and explained bj Le Kcre. wen tboee 
of Richard Fiu John, Adam Fiti John, iinil Jobnion of BoMoo. 

' Thrrv eitracU from J7iwrw'< Diary ue introdDOMl here to abov bow 
nns-jlline he vat to pre credit to Stakclef for leamioft and (kill •• a pbyalelaB, 
an antiqnaij. and a drauphtaman ; and (o Roger Gale for •cholarafatp ao4 
Ijheralily towarda thoae who rendered bin awlitance In bii litemy Ubo«i^ 
Heame'a political lentiinenta, at an ardent Jacobite, led bin to writ« and fmik, 
vilh iliireapect of aomc of bit learned oontemporariea ; and perhapa bis baabit 
extraction made bim jealoo* of them. The pictorea ot Waltbam Cro*^ aod 
St. Albani Abbej. vhich be aeTeielT eritldaca. are ffTen in BtakaltT^ 
JtiHtTariKm (\ritni, and are far frvM being " all mcer Uaej.' TIn doeUr^ 
dnwingi, aa well a* kaowledga ot penpectiTe, are gencrallj jvj Mr. 


be U about printing a little folio book aboot ooriotitaet, to be 
intitleJ * Itinerarium Coriosam, Centuria prima, Ac' He told 
me he deaigned other oentnriea. This Dr. 8. is a migfatj eoo- 
oeited man, and *tis obeenred by all that I hare talked with that 
what he does hath no manner of likeness to the original. He 
goes all by fancy. Uenoe hit cut of Waltham Cross u not one 
bit like it ; nor indeed is the print of old Verulam any thing 
but meer fancy. In short as he addicts himself to fancy alto* 
gether what he does must have no regard among judidoos and 
truly ingenious men. He told me he had been at Tlume thinking 
it was a Roman City. Good God ! this is nothing but idle 
dreaming. How is it possible to think at this rate? Had be said 
Heddington, anyone of reason would have rather believed him, 
there being a bit of a Roman way passed there. • • . He pra- 
tended to have di^^overed a Roman Amphitheatre at Silcbester, 
a draught of the walls thereof he shewed me. This i§ again 
fancy. I have been at Silcbcater, there is nothing like iu 
Though he be a Physician, yK I am informed he knows very 
little or nothing of the matter. — lUliq. JJenUf p. 642. 

XVII. T. HsAm]rK*8 oranosf or Roon Gale. 

Sq)t. 12, 1726. '' Mr. Anstis (Garter King of Arms) with 
Mr. 5Iattairr, k Mr. Wei4 called upon me at Edmund Hall, and 
we s|irnt the evening with Mr. Whiteside in (*at Street. Mr. 
Mattaire told us (and he said he did not care how public it was 
made) that Roger Gale (who indeed is but a |ioor stingy man) 

served him a very dirty trick." *Tu xerj well 

known that he (Gale) in a very great Whig, a man of a very 
sting}' temper, notwithstanding he be very rich, and is in a 
wealthy post I before thought be could have written Latin 
1 find now he can not.**— A^. //•#«., p. 671. 

A piMUS M\om% wUdi t eJs i M !• 9km paUisallea of ike **Beasw ef 
.** ffw a Ha. la Ike C^ooa. Ukmij. wMtk Mr. Beta hmi mmim- 
Oa tlNdaaik d Harv. Oak aaiwloofc li, aa4 MaM^ia ^-lat'ril ika 
iaio Ucia, far mkkk Oala fata Ma i gitawi. wUA k§ 

10 giiaa^ aa4 asf«r flsfe Ms a esiv af te 

W. 8TtrKBLBT| 1720. 171 

XvliL Sib John Clerk to Rooeb Oalz. — H. C. 

From Edenbrough, April 7th, 1726. 
Dear Sir, 

Last week I received jaar letter** of the 24th of March, 
and return you my acknowledgeiDeats for so valuable a favor. 
Being in a little hurry at that time I onely took notice of two 
things in relation to the publishing my letters by Mr. Gordon. 
I hope yon have received mine, & that I need not trouble you 
any more about those particulars, except that my former letters 
(as this likewise is), were in so poor a dresse that they deserved 
nobody's consideration. The 'first which was addressed to you 
came from an opinion Mr. Gordon had possessed me with, that 
your goodnesse and benevolence towards all your friends would 
make you overlook all their faults & weaknesses, when their 
intention happened to be either to please or divert you. fVom 
this opinion, which I am still fond to entertain, I shall beg leave 
to say a few things in relation to some particulars in your letter. 
As to your opinion that the Romans never made use of brasse 
■rmea, I humbly conceive it is too generall. I shall readily 
agree with yon that about the time of the Antonines, & espedally 
after the reign of Septimus Severus, the legionary' soldiers made 
tite of DO arms but what were [of] iron, because, as you very well 
obsen'e, they knew too well how preferable iron was to brasse, to 
neglect it in their warlike instruments. 1 know that other 
leaned men, particubrly Tamebns &. Fabretti,* have asserted 
the same tiling, &. that the Greek poets have often used the word 
l^o^KOf for SfSrifioc, but I cannot agree to their reasons. Hub 
known passage of Hesiod, 

Tore S* iiv )(a\Kia fitv rf£)[(a yaXMOi S( n oTkm 

/ilXac S'iuic iffx* vlSupof. [Op. et D., i., 150]. 

proves sufficiently that brasse arrna were used before iron,£ that 
the two mettali were never confoiutded. Paosaniaa, in hii 
Laconics, assert* the aune thinga, t gives aeveiall instancea to 
prove that the arma of the aodeot heroes were of braaaa. I oonld 

* Priot«d tn Hr. OodMi^ /»«. AyfMt., p. 181, te.— R. a. 
» D. OeluM. TnJsBl, p. loa^B. 0. 


fill up a sheet with qnoUtions frocn the Greek poett to this pur* 
po«e, but at this time onely mention a rerj remarkable paaaage 
from Homer, where, after he has stretched his inrention io the 
' utmost in arming Achilles, he says, 

\a\K%o¥. llliad xix., 372]. 

Here the formidable brasse sword han^^nf; from the shoalders 
was the hero*t chiefest ornament It is no lease evident from the 
ancientA that their galeie, tlioraoes, lanceo*, secures, enies, pelts, 
elypei, tubic, comua, & naves rostratn, were strengthened with 
brasse. This verse in Virgil, 

JKrmt«qoc micAnt pdta, mleftt J&cm mriM [jSm, wiL 7iS] 

prores clearij the ancient use of brasse swords, but what 
go*s beyond all, is the vast numbers of such mm! of arms found 
in Italy itjielf, k preserved in the cabinets of the nrtooai 
there, but admitting that the legionary toMiers in the Roman 
armys did not make use of brasse arms, yet this will not prove 
the Roman anxilian's followed the same custome ; on the coo* 
tran', it would ieeni even in the davs of Tadtus that iron was 
little known amon;; the Germanfi, for in his book De Mo nlms 
Gfrmamamm be says, ** ne femim quidero superest, sicut es 
genere telorum culligitur,**^ k Fabretti himself acknowledges 
that the Lu*itani made use of brasse upon their spear poiolSi 
aocording to the account Strabo has gi%*eo us of that peopfeu 
But as to tlie points of speara there is no need of quotations from 
ancient authors, for the Germans have in all age* used such 
of brasse. k even many of them to this day. In short I beUere 
vou k I mav tiZ^rr in thit, that brassr arms were seldome used 
by the Koman« aftt*r Trajan*s time, but that before it both this 
people k their suiiliar%'s made frequent use of such. I ahall 
onely add that if yciur opinion were univrraally to take place, it 
wouU prove too much, via., that there are no Roman arms, al 
laast sworda k poinu of spears, extant in the worid, fat if they 
bad been all of iron, they had been many agea ago 

• Yc«. vltkia two Uwm Aflar. Ti 

W. 8T0KKLKT, 1720. 173 

with mst. The Bomans no doabt preferred iron anns to brasse, 
for their edge & hardnesse, yet they nnderstood likeniae to tem- 
per brasse to the same consistence, &. particularly valued the 
etemi^ of it, if I may so speak, of this metall, hence it is that 
Horace says poetically : 

"Ezegi monnmeotnm mn penanin*.** [(Uaxxx. I.] 

As to the linum asbestinum, I know veiy well what Pliny has 
said of it (^Lih. xrii., cap. 1), & that £lianas, CardaDOS,*' 
Scaliger,** A. Kircher,'' AldrovaDdas,**'& Beverall others have said 
the same, but I humbly conceive they have taken np this notion 
from one another, without further enquiry. Hiat there is such 
a linum, and even napkins made of it, is certain, and tliat it will 
resist a moderate heat ; but there is veiy little endence that it 
ever could endure the flames of a rogns, for the same father 
Kircher observes (Lift, viii., sect. 3rd), that the martyr St George 
being tyed or wraped into it, the fire consumed it, but preserved 
the body of the saint, & this he ascribes to a miracle ; strange 

" Jerame Cudsn. a cclebnted jAyMcuui, matfaeniaticUii. and philoaqiher, 
borDUFiTj*, IfiOl. Fim embraced tbemoDMUc order, and afuiwMdtundied 
medicine at Padaa. la 155! John Hamtlton. Archbishop of St. Andrew**, 
Primate ot Scotland, inTited him for medical aaniiance, ID which he mceceded. 
In fail book " De OcDitariB " he calculated the archbithop'i oatiTitj. from which 
be pretendi both to hare predicted hia dii ea a e . and to bare effected hii ent«. 
He wa* looked apon ai the firat of aatrologera. and baa been accnied of tnpiet; 
and atheiim. Arebbtihop Parker ba* defended him with gtcat abUitj. in hfi 
work " De Deo." againit theie cliai^i. Scaliger wai one o( bit bittenat 
enemiea. >Ianj ot hii wiitinin were collected and pvbliabed hj Chariea Spobn, 
to vola folio, 1663.— Jt'nr Orn. Biag. Diet., Vol. ti^ p. 38. 

* Joaeph Jiutiu Scaliger, botn in 1340, lired moch ot hit life at Lejden, 
and devoted himKlf to the elacidatioo of the writinpi ot antiqaitj. Xo achotar 
baa moTV abnnnded in contemptaoat and abonTe lanpiage toward* hia oon- 
Icmporarie*. Died IG09.— 3'nr Oen. Bio§. Dirt.. zL, p. 476. 

* Athanaaiot Kircher. a philoupber and uatbematidan o( coniiderable 
leaminE. bat often tancitul. Bom at Falda, in Gemanj. in 1601. Entered 
tbe Hodetj of Jcauit*. 1C18 ; taught uathematica in tbe college al Borne ; died 

" Son of Teaco Aldrovaodi, ot a noble tamilf of Bolofma : born 15S2. H« 
Bare great attention to ancient monnmenta ; and Madied nalatal hlilorj. Died 
I60u. He eitabliihed a botanic garden at Bologna. ISTI, and wa« iU ennlor 
till 1600 : formed a Tolauinona libraij in all bcancbei of aalnnl biriotj, 
which, together with hia mnaenm, ha baqneathed to the wnale of Boiogna. — 
Km Otm. Mif. JiifU VoL i., p. XS7. 


force of credulity ! For tfaii effectoallj dastit^ji his nodoo about 
the iDCombustible nature of this linum. If I remember right, 
AldroTandus {Lib. viii.) de Mettall, speaking of the asbestos, tells 
the same story. So that if we are perswaded of the credolity of 
Pliny in a hundred instances, & of the superstition of these two 
bst mentioned, we will hare but a weak foondatioo to establish 
the use of this linum in the ancient funeralls. I cannot in the 
meantime doubt of its property to resist humidity, and that so toe 
times it might be used for wraping up the ashes of the dead, k 
do believe Pliny, k others before him, took their grounds from 
this to ascribe a greater share of durability to it than it natoraUj 

Too are pleased to ask me a question, ^ Why might not the 
northern nations bring this customs of burning the dead finom 
the east, as well as receive it afterwards from the Greeks ? *^' 
Possibly they might do so, but it is more probable that thej 
learnt it from the Germans, their neighbors, or perhaps from the 
Gauls, and both these nations from the Greeks, in the manner I 
have narrated in my former letters. I thank yoo kindly ibr the 
inscription you have communicated to me. I agree with ytm 
perfe<kly in the reading," but for the letter k wouM take it rather 
for an inscription of a soldier in a cohon Dalmatarum than Hi^ 
panorom. Hie Dalmatians, and other people bordering oo 
Greece, spoke a dialect of the Greek, and used the alphabet of 
that language, whence came a mixture of Grtfbk and Latiiie 
letters. I have had occasion to observe much the tame thing in 
other inscriptions, k have been of opinion that from sevenlls 
made by the auxiliar}* troops the intire alphabets might be Ibottd 
ooL This opinion of mine took its rise from sn in«eripCioo in 
this countrey of a Cohon Bstavorum, where there are letters 
that have no resemblance to tboie used by the Greeks or HooMBa. 
They appear to me to be Gotbick or Runick, which, as I hinted 
in one of my formrr Irtters," were of very gr^rat antiquity, 4 
the same probably which the ancient Germans oscd, in the liflse 
of the Romans. 

• Ooedoa*t /Tia. SefUmt., ^ US.— K. O. 

*• /r««. Srpumi^ p. isa.— a. o. 

-t Mm. Si^Umin p^ 178 and lia^t.a 

■, 1720. 175 

That part of your inscription, leqio decou fbeteksis,** is hy 
you veiy well tmderstood, but, hy the by, it puts me in mind of 
tbe Legio ferrata, so called because all the soldiers were armed 
with weapons of iron in it,** &., as I take it, to distinguish them 
from other Legions where the soldiers were armed mostly with 
brasse. This is a sort of evidence that even in those days, as I 
said before, some souldiers made nse of arms of brasse.** 

I now shall stop at giving you any farther trouble, ader hav- 
ing added a few things about the etymology of our capitall, 
Edenbrough. Your derivation of its name from tbe ancient 
British word Aden, or £<len, is indeed agreeable to Camden's 
opinion ; but oar Highland antiquarians call this city Dun Eden, 
& say that Edean signifys defence ; Dun Eden then is the hill 
of defence.'' All we can do in such etymologj-s is but guesse 
work, but it is probable that this place did not take its name from 
Ala, a wing of horse, for many other places in Britaino are as 
much intitled to this name, or rather more, because the high & 
rocky situation made it an improper place for horse. Nor do I 
think it is more than other places entitled to the name of tbe 
winged camp, from the Greek impufMrra, as Camden likewise 
fancys, because no such singularitys appear. My former con- 
jecture** proceeded onely from the inscription on the altar found 
at Cramond,'* 4 miles from this place, but I am very far from 
laying more weight upon it than it will bear, no notions of mine 
shall be dogmatick in opposition to yours.*° 

As to your former inscription from Hexham, it is evident tbe 
artificer ha^ been vei^' unsuccessful, &, that bis chizzel has 
stammered into more syllables than were neccssarj- in the 
word CORIOKOTOTABVM.*' I humbly think it ought to have 

** ThU LrgioD i* nambered ftuons thow enDmentcd npoo ■ fragment of 
>n ancient cotamn mt Rome. — Vid. It^JTm^H. nt torr Lrfia. 

*> QrmtU dictan— R. O. 

" Thi« iroald prore loo macb. vii., that all tbe olh«( Legion*, except the 
femu, lued >imt of braMC. — B. G. 

" Edeu, » neepucle, t. Lnjd'i Iiuh-EngUih DiclioDuy.— B. 0. 

■ Qordooe Iti^ Se^tnt^ p. 190.— E. O. 

* OordoD'i Itim. Srptemt., p. 116.— B. 0. 
« Jtin.&plnt.—^Q. 

• Aia. SifUnt^ p. 183.— B. 0. 


been corutarvm, and tlut the peo|>le of Corcbester were 
called Coriatas, as the Spartans of old were called Spartiat«, or 
Swofyriirrai, moch used by Herodotus. Before I break off I must 
beg a favor of you, which is, if I be not too troublesome, to let 
me know the nature k constitution of your Antiquarian 
Society, of which I hare the honor to be a member. I wouU be 
glad likewise to know who are members, & the ordinary qualifi- 
cations required in them. Forgive me if I ask too much, your 
afiaini considered. You have officers who can do this, k 
perhaps what I am asking is allready in print. 
I am allways, dear Sir, 

Your most obliged humble Servant, 

JoHK CLsmx. 

XIX. Sir John Clerk to Rogrr Galc — H. C 

Edenbrough, 15th April, 1726. 

Dear Sir, 

I received this moment the honor of yours of the 9th 
instant, k at the same timr one from Mr. Gordon, m herein he 
tells me that ho had laid aside all thoughts of inserting our Utter* 
in his Ap|)endix, k that he was onely to take thr «uUtanc*e of 
tbetn in his own way. This piece of nems plea^ies me ntrvamN , 
k I hope you will krt* p him to his word. Two po!4s ago I did 
mjielf the honor to write to you, k among <i(hrr things took 
•omo notice of the Amiantus without seeing ocrasion to change 
my former opinion. Tlic last paragraph of tbe Risbop of 
Hadria*s letter to Father Monfaui^on did not esca|ie me even at 
my writing my i^econd letter to you, yet I a«*rrt«*tl tlie ;ri«id 
bishop had not made a due e\|)crinH*nt that tin* cloth he mw ma« 
incombustible. I have seen many experiment* matle of tbe 
Liniitii .\f»lM*^tinuin, A know vitv ui*|| th.-it it will r«*M«t s »l«m 
brat, but thi* will not pn»vi« that it will n*«iM a »tn»n;: (Kie, A, 
be inc<*riil»u.Mibk* as the bifihop fancied. I can a«(»urr yiiu« fnmi 
ver}' pioil gn»und*, that it eannoc stand a stnmg fin*. A far 
lease the f<»rrt* ol* ime like a liimian rogus. You will be plea^^l 
tociiiisider that even that letter bboum under a xtry great delect, 
whieb ia^tbat the wbole etnttneaoralMyMabodljrwiiiBDolfbiad 


in the clotb, as ther must have been if it had reallT been used in 
the manner the bishop apprehends. In the next place, from the 
carving of the sarcophagus, he asserts its antiquity to he ahoat 
the time of CoDstantine, & yet you know that in the days of 
Flinios suob cloth vas extreamly rare, nor do we find that any 
cineres of the Roman Emperors have been preserved in such, on 
the contrary, there are great presumptions that it was not used 
on these occasions, but these observations are not worth yoor 
trouble. I am, yours, &C., 

John Clerk. 

XS. RooEB Gale to Sir John Clerk. — H. C. 

April 26th, 1726. 
Dear Sir, 

That I might give you as little trouble as possible, I 
deferred my thanks for yours of the 7th instant till I should 
roceive your answer to my Inst, & then I took a few days more 
till I might see ^Ir. Gordons book' out of the presse, which I 
gott Ust night I wonder that he should tell you that he bad 
laid aside all thoughts of publishing our letters in his appendix, 
& that he would onety take the substance of them in his own 
way. He has not indeed inserted tbem intire, but the abstract 
ts exactly in the words they were written, the form of a letter 
obaerred, Si onely some passages nut relating tu the subject 
curtailed. I little thought thai mine would ever appear in print 
when I wrote them, but aAor he had assured me that you had 
given bim leave to grace his book with yours, I could not well 
refuse him mine, Kueh as tlioy are. siiicv tliat would have been 
to have rendered yours in some measure imperfect, & severall 
passages in them obscure. 

Funpor Tice Colli kCDtnm 

BeddereqoefcmimTklct. eion IpM Mcandi. 

(Bt. t^. ad Pirn. I SM.]. 

As the letters he has publisbt earn- no names, it ts not every 
body that will know their authors. 

Hie passage in your first letter abont Eomenea ia pretty well 

• Ata. s^ptMt— a. a. 


rectifjed by meotioning in geoenUl terms the inierreiiMot of Um 
Greeks killed at Tbermopybe, t their commmoders name; but 
he has still onfortonately left in it the circamstance of burning 
their bodys with the doors and windows of the neighboring 
houses, though I informed him of the slip, t he had promist 
me it should be altered. I believe the printers have been to 
blame in it as he allcdges ; they are certainly the most negligent, 
intractable sort of men that one can deal with. It stands, bow- 
ever, in such a light, at present, that over)*body will not obserre 
it You will allow that I can form but a very short judgement 
from the transitory view of one evening upon the book ; but ao 
far I may go as to tell you it has the appearanee of a beautiful! 
work, performed with a great deal of industry, though not with- 
out its mistakes, which indeed are scarcely to be avoided in a 
treatise of that nature, k some may think those I take to be 
so are not mistakes. 

If you please to review mine of March the S4th, you will see 
that I do not affirm the Romans never made use of braase arms, 
but that the Roman authors never mention the use of them 
among them, and that they knew how much iron was preferable 
for all purposes before they sett foot in this island, insomuch that 
it is strange to me how anybody can imagine that the brasen 
weapons found so frequently here did belong to them.* It can* 
not be doubted that in the eariyest times of their kingdone k 
commonwealth, the use and manufactory of iron oooM not be ao 
well known k undemlood by them as afterwards, k braase 
being more tractable was the metall most in vogue with then, 
as it wM among the ancient Grt^k.^, which yours, k a hoodred 
other quotations that may be made, do fully demonstrate ; bat I 
muM b(*g leave to say that all of them together do not prove that 
it was generally in use with the Roman sooldiery so late as their 
first invasion of Britaine. For if we allow that Virgil spoke 
literally true, and without pueticall licence, when he say», 
^ iEratieque micaot peltie, micat aprrus eoai* ** [^'Em, riL 743J, 

* Mottrajrc, la T. IL oC lu« tfmv«la. Tak aaalv., a. glvei i 
Wmw tvord ctaeil J like ikaM foaa4 la BtitaAa, aa4 giawaWy 
Eo^aa la paft tSS b« mj% It mm tcmmd la Um aM taste at 
viMffv tba UttJa mm foaght, s-Ol SSi (f^ »;>. by wUdk H 
Daalali af Oeiklak, iIm AsBiMa kav^M aevw teM la 


it can amoant to do more thas that the inliabitaDtfi of Italy 
used brazeo arms when iEneas landed there, and nobody disputes 
their use at that time. The Roman auxiliaiys most certainly used 
brasen weapons if levyed in a couutrey where brasse was in use, 
&, hence indeed we may account for such being found sometimes 
in our tumuli. What Tacitus means when he says of the Ger- 
mans, "Nee ferrum quidem superest, sicut ex penere telorum 
colligitur," wants a little explanation, since he tells us allmost 
in the next line that " Frameas gerunt angusto et breri Ferro, 
sed acri et ad usum habiU," Ac ; & from Cffisar* we are informed 
that the Britains had the use of iron, though it was not very 
plentifully found in this island, and it is not improbable they had 
then the art of forging it, because, as be says, it was produced 
facre, but brasse imported. That the defensive armor of the 
Romans, their cassides, scuta, loricse, &c., were of brasse cannot 
be denyed ; the reason of which may be, that it is much more 
fusible than iron, & consequently fitter for all sorts of cast work, 
as helmets, shields, breastplates, Si the rostra of ships ; it is even 
» qui-stion whether they knew bow to run iron or not. Iron was 
much properer for all malleable work, as swords & spear beads, 
d: therefore I believe the Legio Ferrata had its name rather from 
being covered with iron armor than armed with iron weapons ; 
and will it not conclude too much if we suppose this Legion was 
the ooely Ijegion that inlirely used iron weapons. Brasse was 
not indeed so lyable to rust & corruption, but the present service 
&, convenience of offensive arms was certainly more regarded 
thnn their future duration, for the Roman pilam was so con- 
trived thut it should never be used a t^econd time. 

^^'Lnt I have said upon this subject I tltink will reconcile our 
amicable dispute, & I hope we shall n«ver have any that is not 
perfectly so. Before 1 wholy leave it, permitt me to go back 
once more to your first letter. I am inclined to think the instm- 
ment like the bead of a spear, found in the first barrow yoo 
mention,* was a sacrificing knife, as well for tbe reasons joa 
give aa that " Seoeapitam, inqnit Fettus, alji lecnrim, alii dcrfa- 
bram sneam, alii cttltellom putant,"* tbe latter of whkli I takn 
Con. d* Bella QaU. Ub. v. c z.— B. 0. 
Oocdoo's Jtw. Srpt^ f. ITI.— B. O. 
RoMinl Antiq. BtMa^ Ub. UL, c SI— B. O. 


yours to be, for the cultellus may hare been snaus as wall as tha 
dolabra ; brasse was allways looked upon as a sacred meUll, aod 
that it was particularly used in sacrifices appears from Moofaocon, 
T. 11, c. 6. The other instnimeot I cannot doubt was a stylus, 
from your description of it, k its case; t no EMspiehtm^ 
be[cause] we are expressly told that the ezta ferreo eultro rima* 
bantur/ We are intirely a^jeed upon the Linum Asbestinuro, 
onely I would take notice as a farther confirmation of your 4 
my own sentiments, that Pliny dos not in the least intimate thai 
the Romans were burnt in it, his expression, ** Regum inda 
funebres tunics,** Ac, fixing tlie use of it to the burning of tba 
kin^s of the countrey where it was found. 

Your conjecture. Sir, about the shspe of the letter L, k, in 
the last inscription I pent you is wonderfully ingenious, aod I 
should most readily acknowledj^e that it might hare baen taken 
from the Dalmatian alphaliet, k of near affinity to the Greek, 
but that it is found allso in tlie other inscription I sent you of 
Calpumius Agricola, where there h no mention of the DalmatA, 
and what is more, I have, since I wrote to you« accideotally mett 
with another copy of the Elenbrough inscription* where the 
tran9<cril>er has plainly shown tlie letters in question to bare been 
Hisr. As I am sure he had never heard of my conjecture, nor I 
M*en his copy, I cannot but think bin writing them so is wboly 
owing to his greater sagacity k accuracy in rending tba inscrip- 
tion, than that of the first copyist. 

I thought the castle of Edenbrough rather owed its name of 
Castrum Alatum to a figurati%*e expression of its loAy situation 
than to any wing of horse quartered there, for which pnrposa I 
am well apprised how unfitt it is ; and that the wm^fmrm of 
Camden are all imaginary. Therefore I acknowledge your con* 
jectures for placing thi» (*ai4rum Alatum at Cramond to be rery 
strong, though not decisira, for CramcHid being at so small a dis- 
tanci* from Edenborough, why might not some oommandar of the 
Tum^ quartered at Edanborough bare a ooontrer rHirmant at 
(^ramond, k erect this altar' to tba goddaaaas af tba town 4 

• ll«lsanr as Softlbas. li^ L. c. C Ds CWal as fsHgto Urn., pw 

t v.iiasaUterftaOseaMMJba»Jipr.,pwlia,platoH if.!.— l.a 


ooontreyi & so Castrum Alatum, or AkUerva^ still continue at 
Edenborough, the inscription including both, & distinguishing 
them. I wish the three last lines had escaped a little more per- 
fect than they are represented by Mr. Gordon, but I take this 
to be more the fatdt of devouring time, than his. As for the 
Antiquarian Society, I cannot but look upon it as still in its 
infancy, & scarcely formed into such a body as it should be, 
though of 5 or 6 years standing. It was first begun by a few 
gentlemen, well wishers to antiquitys, that used to meet once a 
week, & drink a pint of wine at a tavern, for conversation, from 
which we have not yet been able to rescue ourselves, throngh 
difficultys we have allways had to encounter in providing our- 
selves with a private room to hold our assemblys in, though long 
endeavouring it, & now in hopes of obtaining commodious 
chambers in Grey's Inn for that purpose.* I think it will be of 
more advantage to us than is in generall view, for by this means 
we shall not onely be honored with the accession of some persons 
of the first quality, who object, with a great deal of reason, to 
our present place of meeting ; but I am sure it will cutt off a 
great many uselesi»e members, that give us their company more 
for the convenience of spending 2 or 3 hours over a glasse of 
wine than for any love or value they have for the 8tudy of anti- 
quitys. Our number is too large, being limited to no fewer than 
100, &, I believe there are 90 actually entred as members in our 
books, though we have had 2 or 3 reviews & expurgations. We 
have some few rules as to admissions, ^ other regulations. Every 
body proposed to be a member is to be nominated one Wednesday 
night, & character given of him by his proposer, that the Society 
may have time to enquire into it, before they ballot for his admis- 
sion the Wednesday night next following, but I don*t recollect 
that any one proposed was ever rejected. As soon as any new 
member is elected the proposer pays down his admission fee, 
which is half a guinea, to be applyed to the expeooes of ttie 
society. No election or new regulations can be made except 
nine members are present. Besides the half guinnea payd upon 
admission, one shilling* is deposited every month by each mem- 

* Cbftmben were procured in Ony't Inn the October foUowing. but to 
little and inoonTenient. — B, Q. 

* Twro ahillings linoe meeting at Onj*s Idbw—B. O. 


ber, & this money hM been hitherto expended in boring a few 
books, but more in drawing & engraving, wherebj a great manr 
old seals, ruins, &, other monnments of antiquitr hare been pre- 
sened from oblivion, Si the dinger of being intirely lost in a little 
time. As for the expenses of wine, every bodv pays for what 
he calls for himself. We have a treasurer to collect t keep 
our mone}', &, make all payments as ordered. A secretary,^ 
that takes minutes of what passes or is read before us, t entera 
at length all that we judge proper in a register book. A director 
that oversees the drawings, engravings, iic, t keeps all our 
copper plates, and papera, t prints, k manages the baOot when 
requisite. A president, who proposes everything to be done to 
the Society, who governs us, and keeps us in as good order as 
he can ; be nominates vice-presidents for the year, that one of 
them may be allways there to supply his place if absent. We 
meet at 7, k wry few »tay after 10 in the evening, on Wednes- 
day nightiL New officera are choM* for the ensuing year, t our 
accounts examined the 3rd Wodnesdsy in January. We seldome 
fiiil of having something curious laid before us, or lome pieces in 
learning read to the comfMiny. Our discoune is limited to 
topicks proper to our constitution, all jioliticks, news« A other 
subject* not relating to antiquitvfk ic learning, being excluded, 
which is ab«>lntely necessary, as well for the answering the eoda 
of our institution, a* to obviate ill disputes k quarrels that would 
ari^r in a nociety of gi*ntlemen of sll profesnioos k opinions ; but 
hitherto we have kq>t m> gixid a IianiKMiy, that should a i4rangrr 
come accidentally among u«, he would not suspect any diflereoee 
in our M^ntiments a« to puUick sfiairs. In matters of curioMtv, 
debate^ in* the life : in our private sfTaira they canncit allways 
|je avoidcii, l*ut ne\er run high, lieing kmim drtermined bv the 
ball(»t. I had allnKMt forgott to sr«|uaint you that wben«*ver we 
publish any prints Acewry member ha* a dividend of them as 
agreed on, tbt- rr«t wr m*I1 a» w«*|| a» we can, k the monev is 
paid to the tn*asurer, towards carri'ing on uew works. 

I am, dear Sir^ your moa humble Senraot, 

R. Gau. 


XXI. Letter frou Sir Johk Clerk to Roqer G-ale. — H. C 

Pennyeoick, Jane 2nd, 1726. 
Dear Sir, 

I bad acknowledged yonr favors of the 26th of April, 
but delayed giving mynelf that pleasure till I should see Mr. 
Gordon's book. I have now seen it, &. becauBe the last part coa- 
cems me most, I cannot help regretting to joa that Hr. Gordon 
has not at all answered my expectations, & the promise he made 
me. I was in hopes he only would have made use of the con- 
tents of my letters as his own, but in pUce of this I find them 
not onely inserted at length, but in a most incorrect way. I 
foresaw that this would happen, amongst other inconveniences, 
so pressed him over & over again not to meddle with them. I 
cannot now help what is done, but have caused print the errata 
after the Appendix in as many copys as are to be sold her& I 
likewise ordered the printer to send them to Mr. Qordon, that 
they might likewise be inserted in other oopys. No new thing 
has been added except where I speak of the Linum AsbesdnDm, 
I say it could not resist the force of a vehement fire. The Bishop 
of Hadria's letter obliged me to this caution, though not very 
necessar}', for by the very way that the honest bishop tells his 
story, it appears that the cloath he saw had never been in a 
rorrus, otherways all the cineres had been collected, & not a 
part of them. If he bad made the triall, as be says, of its inoom- 
bastiblc quality, it was onoly in an Italian fire, &, not on a heap 
of wood expo»ed to the wind, &. suflicicnt to melt iron itself. 1 
shall only add, by the by, that all he proves is that this cloath 
could resist humidity, & afler a decent manner in a tomb, or an 
urn, preserve the cineres of the dead. To retom to Mr. Gordon, 
though he had done me a great kindoeMe, not to pat ne so 
much in hia Records, yet I am obliged to forgi%'e him, for I dare 
say he had my credit no Icsse in view than his own. As to tb« 
errata, I must impute them to my own bad band & way of writ- 
ing, with which I doubt you are scarcely aoqoainted as yett 
As to the rest of Mr. Gordon's book, it is realty a work above 
my expectation, k might have pleased everybody had be been 


leM6 precipitant in publishing it I was not wanting in giving 
him Horao0*B advice* 

Nooamqae preoiatar io ftonui 
Membranis iotai potitit, d«lere lieebit 
Qood Doo cdiderU, ncadt toi nitM revcrtt [Ml^, md Pim. 1. tM]. 

But poanbljr he ban done better if he has acquired bj it new A 
able friends to get him put in i way of living. I cannot omit 
nuking some apoloj^ for him in relation to what he sajs of the 
speech of Oalgacu^, p. 136. I once endeavored to persuade him 
that it was onely a fiction of Tacitus [Agricola c 30, 31], con- 
form to a liberty ui^uall among historians, t that there was no 
reasoning from anything contained in it to the advantage either 
of Oalgacus or his Caledonianfi, But Mr. Oordon*shigh respect 
io his countrey hath carr}'ed him too far, t made him commit 
a sort of laudable fault There are other instances of this infirmity 
in p. 137, but his bns\'ne«M« as an antiquarian rather than an 
historian will attone for all. The liest that could have been said 
for the Caledonians wa.« that thou;;h they had been conquered, 
yet the Itomans could not retam their conquesta. I am, I con- 
fesse, of the opinion of some learned men that it is a reproach 
to a nation to have re^istinl the humanity which the Romans 
laboured to introduce. As to the rest of Mr. Qofdon*s book, 

— Vhk |i]«im niuot nnn ego |««a«. 

Oa^mdMf mmemlf, [l>u€ md Pirn. 1. SSI]. 

I return you many thank« for tlie account you tent me of your 
Society, I wish it were Mill under a greater incouragement A 
little of the royall bounty & favour would be of singular ni^^ to it, 
but it will be hard |icn>tiading a true cuurtaer that there is any* 
thing in the study of antiquity^ alio\e other trifling sludys ; 4 
yet it may lie d< iiic»n»tnitr«l that iHidiin^ will tend more to pro- 
flsote true British spirits iti tlir k»vr of their coontie^*, liberty, A 
glory. One mu«t lie of a rery alj<*ct frame of soul wbo cannot 
receive any impre^ion« of thi« kind from the sentiments or 
valiant actions of the Grt-eks k RimunSb We ace what use the 
learned Bishop of Caiubray*' made of his kaowMge ef the 
ancients to forme the mind of a prince : what art the heroa of 

** AdvcBCsfis oC TtlsMtebtt^" bj FcasUfli. «W vat 


tntiquitj bat so many models by which ve may square our lives 
and actions? I am pleased to find by yours that you do not 
alltogether disapprove of my notion as to the ancient Alphabets. 
I cannot indeed insist on the letter X in your insoriptionB as being 
of a Qreek original], but nothing is more certain than that the 
Boman aiixiliarys did sometimes use their own letters. I gott 
lately a piece of a stone with these letters, Cob. BAt., which 
no doubt is Cobors Batavorum. There are other letters upon it, 
but not to be read. The stone has been at first a square, & 
about 2 inches thick. The piece I have is about 8 inches long, 

and of this shape" theh & A are remark- i—~-t 

able, being plainly gothick. To return /CO l\. O r\i J 
to your letter L A, yon have very good ^""^^ ' ^ ^^ 
reason to think it used about tlie time ^"^•^•J^^ 

of Marcus Aurelius, however, I inny safely pronounce it never 
was a true Roman letter, for no inscription at Rome ever con- 
tained it. All the ancient MSS. abroad (I mean those before the 
5th k, fith century) have the letter L uniformly written, as yon 
will observe from Mabillon de re Diploinaticft," wherefore we 
must, as I say, recur to letters used among the auxiliary troops. 
These have been collected b}' sevcrall writers, &. the same Miibillon 
has given us the old gothick alphabet where the letter L is plainly 
the same with yours in the inscripUon you sent me, tt it is not 
improbable that the}- took it from the same letter amongst the 
Greeks inverted. Since I am upon this subject, I most aoqtuint 
you that there is here a clergAinan well skilled in the Irish or High- 
Und language, who is writing a book to shew that the Jtatin is 
for the most part derived from this language ; however ridiculous 
this may seem at fir^t sight, yet the clergj'roan seems not to 
want some reasons fur bis opinion. He proves in the first place 
that tlic Irish language is the old Celtic ; that this was the 
language of tbe Gauls ; that this people subsisted in Italy long 
before tbe Romans, who were composed at first of sererall 
nations, k. among the rest of Gauls, who introdoced many of 

" lUi MMM, which wmi in Clerk'i ponefiop. ii now BlKiii(. — Bminer, 
p. tVT. >'«. IIOI. 

•• De re Dlplon.. p. 817. Pabliib^ in (oUo, at Fub, in IMI, aad witlt 
Mna«B»«nt in 1T0«. See Btgmmm. 

186 MiaosLLAKsous coERttroyDOKaL 

their words into the Latine. I tm afraid thii work wiD bo of no 
edification y but the poor man is just now sweating upon it, & 
dajlr making new discoTerjs for the honor of the ancient Cale- 
donians. I had a letter from Dr. Stokeley tome weeks ago, 
written in his way, with a good deal of humor. He seems to be 
ravisht with the prospect he has of a rurall life. I beg leare to 
trouble you with the enclosed to him. I have left it open for 
jour perusall, but in case this may displease the Doctor, you 
may be so kind as to teal it up before it be tent I am uncertain 
where to write to him. 

I am allways, with the greatest respect, 

Dear Sir, your most humble Senrant, 

JoHK Clckk. 

XXII. Roger Gale *^ from tbe cell or Crowlakd at Cot- 


IK LofooufSBiRE. By Caxtoh RAa**— IL F. St. J. 

Dec 7, 1726. 
Dear Doctor, 

I cannot but look upon myself as under the highest 
obligations to you, since you hare, to pleaae me, for once broke 
the rule you had layd down of ncrer writing to London bat upon 
bonynesse. I am so seoctble of the delight k adrantage I re> 
eeived from your eouTenation that I cannot but regrsft your 
absetice k the more since you are determined to eorraipofid so 
Utile with your oU friends. But as I well know the artiritT of 
your mind, which cannot giro iti^lf up to a nflmse torpor k 
vetumum, I promise myself to be fsvourrd, now ii then, with a 
line. At least I hope it will not uitfer you to bury all thcy^ 
obsenrations you hare made upon Stonehenge, Abury, k other 
British Antiquitys, in the tracing k illustrating of which you 
ha%*e spent so much time k pain%, 4 which, if you ever pobli%h 
them, I belicTe will do tou mcire honor, k iounortaliiie toot 
name with greater marks of di«tinctiun« than any thing uf \ouni 
that the world has yett seen ; 4 it is no saall matter of joy to 
me that I have now a sort of promisr under your hand for iu 

Ma ly Msa AHet 


Tour reasons for yoor retiremeDt" are bo good that I not <mlv 
am obliged to acquiesce in them, but really to envy your bappy- 
neese, wbo has been able to put them so soon into execution ; a 
happynesse I myself bave allways wisbt for, but was forced to 
leave it just at that time of life wben you bave bad it in yoar 
power to enter upon it, a bappynesse that I bad lately a very near 
prospect of once more enjoying, but bla8t«d by an nnforseen 
accident, thougb not so bad but wbat I may hope a few years 
may retrieve, & I may etill be blessed with a quiett reb^at from 
the world before I entirely quitt the stage of life. I cannott 
but say & confesse to you that 

QuunTii deceun reteru wmfnnt* mmld. 
Lands tamen, Tmcoia qaod aedeiii figan Canii 
Deninet, [Jimenml SatOi-l.^} 

nnceyoQ find it so agreeable, & it is the thing I myself the most wish 
for. As I must sometimes take a journey Northward Ithink myself 
much beholden to providence that has placed my friend so directly 
in my way, & you may assure yourself that I ahall never go 
through Grantbam without enquiring for Dr. Stnkdey. 

I believe my Ix>rd Derby'* is as much a Philosopher as your- 
self, none of his friends being now honoured, as I can hear, with 
a line from bim ; I am sure I have not for above this 6 ownths ; 
but I must do bim the justice to assure you he never was a great 
writer, seldome giving anybody tbe trouble of m letter, but when 
he had noroe busynesse to do, or enquiry to make. 

You will think me allso a very slow correspondent till I 
acquaint you that yount, though dated the Slat of November, 
did not oome to me till the 28th ; th.-it ibc next morning I was 
forced to go out of town to see a relation tbat I expected to have 
found dead here, but is now pretty well recovered ; t that I lye 
weatherbound ht-re by a deep snow, without any prospect of a 
speedy release, thougb much wanted at London, where I shall 
allways be glad to ht-ar of that contentneDt of mind yoD enjoy, 
the utter extirpation of your Hypo, &, all that felidty which ia 
moat heartily wi^t you by. Dear Doctor., 

Your most faithful! friend & bnmble aervant, 

B. Qalb. 

188 iiiscsLtJUiBui;i» coiuuttPoKunici. 

XXIII. WiLUAM Stukblkt ''to Samuel Oalb, Eb^^ at 
THB Custom House, London/* — H. F. St. J. 

Ortntfasm, 6 Feb., 1726-7. 
Dasr Mr. Samuely 

Sometime it comes into mr mind to refleet upon the 
qoarrelltngs that bare past between too &, I aboat the Comitrjr 
life ; k the earnestness t pure nature, with which 70U hare ex* 
presid yournelf upon these occasions, seem present to me again. 
I, that at that time laughed at jour paintings of the innooeoi 
pleasures there only to be met withal, of the ;n^een fields, the 
shady woods, the brook*, the fresh steams sri»ing firom com A 
grass, the odorous exhalations of flowers k flowering shrubn, A 
a thousand more charming topics of that tort, am now become 
on a sudden the most ready advocate on your party, k truly, I 
believe, never man tasted them with greater delicacy. When I 
consider this within myself I find *tis no lens than a divine 
admonition that drew me insensibly to my truest felicity, that 
over ruled in my favour the sett of notions I hsd then formed in 
my head, k proposed ss the scheme of life ; that removed the 
gilded prospect of imaginary enjoyment, k gave* me in its stead 
solid content As fsr ss I can recall my reasonings at that time, 
the}' were founded upon the conceit that there can be no conver- 
sation worthy of a man of sence but at London. There alooe 
we have the liberty to expatiate k shine in the se% rrml qoalifiea- 
tions genius or study k application make us masters of. IWre 
only we can meet with souls tunc«d up to our own pitch, k indulge 
the pleasure of taking k giving instruction, of iaprming k 
enlarging our idea«, k rrvdling in mental rapturr ; k *ti« not to 
be denyd but that in a grL*at measure* suih it tlir case ; k no one 
was more sensible of it than mvsrif, or rioted more in the luxunr 
of oonversation A contemplation. Ne%rnhrle»a it broumrs a 
Ban that would make his judgment eiact in all things not to 
form it upon partial enquiry, k proooonoe senirooe when he has 
eoosidersd mstters by halves, or dedarr the event of expcrioseiils 
he has not tryd throoghly. I think now^ on the conlraryt that 
when circumstances are duely weighed* w hen ad% antages 4 
advantages are sou one against t'olbcri the diffemoe as not 

w. sti:kelet and others. >89 

enormous as one might at first be induced to think. For in the 
first place it will never be granted that all the men of sence t 
conversible part of the world are at Ijondon. I believe most will 
own tbey know full weU to the contraiy, &. that one such person 
here is equivalent to ten there. In short I can't compare that 
matter to anything more apropos than feasting at an extravagant 
entertainment, &. dinlnir with a keen appetite on a moderate repast 
Such IB humane nature that luxury surfeits & temperance acnates 
our taste & digestion. And let any body ask themselves fairly 
the question whether, af^er the ordinary couversatioa of the 
Town, they return home one time in ten wiser than they went 
in any thing that is real wisdom, & I believe the answer will be 
■very short. However, let this matter stand in as fair a light as 
any ones imagination or inclination will chuse to place it, it 
must needs be owned that if the country be defective in some 
points of entertainment & curiosity, they have others that come 
not far short of it to a well turned mind, I will not say many 
vastly superior, because it would look like a resolved prejudice. 
In all action!' of my life I always jud;;ed according to appearances, 
& with as much impartiality as possible. 'Tis necessary to tty 
all things before we can make a truly judicious choice, & after I 
have tryd twice the town & country distinctly I must needs 
declare my sentiments in favor of the latter. 

So much in general terms upon that qaestion, now whilst yon 
are canvaaing matters of politique, & disposing of Empires, t 
the like, if any care of your old friend rrmains I will let yon 
know what I am about. I am fallen into a verj* pretty mixture 
of business & amu>iement, wherein happyneM of life consista. 
Last summer I spent in fitting up part of my house, k levelling 
my ground for gardening, in which I am at (his time very intent 
I am planting greens, flowers, alcoves, herbs, fruit trees, & what 
not ? I am laying out the alations of dyala, urns, t statues, 
inoculating misletoe, & trying vegetable experiments. Within 
doors 1 am fitting op my study, whidi has » moat charming 
prospect over my garden & adjacent valley, pret^ modi like 
that at Amcsbury, &, just within bearing of a gTMtt ccaeade of 
the river, which is very n«ble &, solemn ; that by day raiaea the 
mind to a pitch fit for study, by night lulla one adeop wiUi a 


most grtteful noiie. In my hall I am fixing 4 bnatoa, mfUr Um 
Antiqo6| on termini between done pillaftert. In the town we 
bare setled a monthly asaembly for dancing among the fiur aex, 
t a weekly meeting for convereation among the gentlemen. We 
have likewijie erected a small but well diaciplined Lodge ofMaaona. 
The recommendations of some of my good friends at London, 
Mr. le Neve, Mr. Folkes, the D. of Ancaster, L^ Pembrokei Ac, 
hare had that good effect as to procure me a pretty acquaintance 
among the neighborin^r gentry t quality, which is numeroua, k 
some business; I have likewise had some good fortune in tike 
town in exercise of my medicinal studys which now I have 
resumed. So that every part of this moat delightful country ae 
become my province, k my hone, who is a roman Squire, under 
the appelative k title of Squire Dick, as Mr. Stevens can wilneaa, 
instead of tumuli, &, camps, A statioos, can find the way to 
many a good mansion where he A his master are well earreswd* 
I have worked so hard in my garden as to sweat out all the 
London fog, am become vastly athletic, A can eat almost a whole 
fillet of veal without orange, A which yet at thb place are plentH 
ful at pence a piece ; my antient country complexion » relanicd 
to my cheeks, the blood flows brink through ever}' anastomoais, ay 
lips recover their pristin red, A my own locks, moderately curled, 
resemble the Eg>'ptian picture of Orus Apollo, or the embieoi of 
rejuveniscence. It would ravish you to think with what plsaenre 
I take a book in my haiKi A walk about ay garden, ay own 
territory a, mea regna, as Virgil calls it, eurroaaded with the 
whole complication of natures charms. I now begin to fancy I 
could write somewhat to purpose, when freed from the hidcooa 
crys A nauseous noises of the Town, where, as Horace [EfitL 
iL 2. 73.] says 

FsiCiast calidM ««li« fir«lisq«« t^itmpm ; 
T otiq— t »«tte Upidrvi. amm !»§«•• ■■rtitae u 
TlifClA rDbsalU Iscuuilsf tmtf% pIsMtHt ; 
Hat rsMoM Imgkl cmim. kae Hrt«l««u r«M Mi 

Scvipsoffvei ckoHM oeuiis ssai asBa e( f^ifiti 

I begin now A then to peep over ay old papen A drawingai 

A aaong antiquity matters Aburj eeeaa to tovdi ay hnej the 

at pr eae nt , A probably, if bsaiMa doe Mi loo 


croach upon mj time, I shall publish it in a year or two ; wherein 
I shall show somewhat probably that will put the world into a 
new way of thinking in a matter of some importance. However 
I shall endeavour to do justice to what I take to be the finest 
monument in the world, & one of the most antient, which our 
Country may well boast of, as Egypt of her pyramids & obelisks. 
I should be glad, dear Sir, to have an epistle from you at your 
leisure. I am not afraid of conversing with you, or of being 
shaken in my resolutions, because I know you already so far 
prepossessed in favor of rural delights. If the war*^ has not 
engrossed all our attentions, & there be still a small regard to 
learning, pray let me know in what condition 'tis in ; & if you 
want a lit^e true country air take a trip hither & goe a hunting. 
In a fortnights time we are to have another great meeting of a 
dozen Lds. for that purpose who stay in Town 10 days. If you 
have a mind to purchase, here's a pretty house & garden next to 
mine to be sold for £200, which you may make a half way house 
into Yorkshire, & qualify you for voting in our County. Pray 
give my most humble service to your brother, & sister, & Master 
Roger, & after I have given you my inscription" I cut in a stone 
after the Roman manner, & sett up in a vast wall I built to sup- 
port a terras walk, I desire leave to conclude myself. 

Tour old friend, & most obedient servant, 

Wm. Stukxlet. 

XXIV. Samuel Gale to ^^ Dr. Wic. Stukelet at his house 
IN Grantham, Lincolnshire. Done at Kapnopous 
March 30, 1727."— H. F. St. J. 

Dear Doctor, 

The favour of yours from Grantham has very agreably 
convincd me that the rural felicities, which in so elegant a man- 
ner you enjoy, have not yet erazed oot of your mind all the ideas 
of your old friend ; in return grmteftill (though I mm often 

" Thii war wm between Uie King of Spain and the Emperor, and France, 
England, and Pmifia. Preliminaries of peace were dgned at Plaria, 81 Mi^, 
1727, and finallj conclnded at Seville in NoTember of aMBC jaar. 



stonned with the boane dinn of a tmnalioot town^ k hnrrjrd 
about in the eddy of affairs), I astare yoo I ahall erer apply lo 
my much esteemed Steukeley what Virgil {EcL i, 60] taid of 
hi« AuguBtui 

AnU !•▼•• ergo pMecator in oM^cft Osnri, 

Aot Araria^ Partboi libct, aat 0«rMMiUi Tlfiia, 
Qoim Dottro illioi labator pedort mlUM. 

I am extreamly ^lad that I hare protelited one mon» to mj 
party, as you now fairly own your lelfe to be, henceforth all dis- 
putes must cease about that dinne topick which nerer ought to 
be mentioned but by tongues harmoniut t inspired^ for none else 
can tolerably or pstheticsly describe that rapturous state 

Aoreot bsDC Tiua In Urrit Sauihoi sfe^ [ ^*W* ^-^ U* ^^0 

and now the truce being thus hapily confirmed between us, I con- 
gratulate you upon your glorious choice, I admire the beautifuD 
disposition of your laurontinum, your hall, your terras, k your 
fine cascade. These all raise in me sublime sentiments k I am 
lost in the vast etendue. But a» the heavenly powers hare not 
yet granted me such a recess, each matin sigbe resoonds with 

O bcAU nu qoMi4o it ■•piriai« 

And now what asylum shall a distressed inhabitant of Loa- 
dinium five to? I must owne I have no other resource but the 
pfacefull manes of the antients. with whom I am never tired, 
never disoumponed, preferring thus the few instnMtive dead lo the 
more numerous 4 srnj»eless living. How few of our hoars can 
we here pass ratiunaly away? Amongst those spent thus, I 
reverently place our antiquarian periods, some of which will not 
be unscoe|iCabli* to you. Hi* y have begun the new year with 
new a|»artnicnta in Gray» Inn. Two &*cretaries are appointed 
to assist Dr. Massey, gentlemen equal to your offios, litterati 4 
travellers, 4 not unskillfuU at the pencil. Oar groat loaraa- 
mrnt I presume yon have seen. We are now basis in piesiiiing 
the lofty ruins of Fumeas Abbey brlongiag lo the Duke of 
Montague. Last Wednesday the Revi^ Mr. Laowtt read os a 
critical dissertation upon the keys 4 dooia of the aa t ie ma . He 
designs to oommoaicalc several other essays in thai way ; tW 
same eveoiAg Mr. Peek presenud his Amimnm %mtm ; joor 


health & prosperity are frequently enquired after by the tnembers, 
among whom I presume you still continue : yoar name as yet 
sbineing in our Ann a Is. 

And here I mast give a loose to my greife whilst I not only 
deplore your long absence, but the fatal loss of so many of our 
Society, who by tbeire works rescind the world from death, 
& are themselves made immortal. Winchelsea, Talman, 
names more fragrant than ro^es, or Arabian sweets ; the first tlie 
father of antiquities, the last the indefatigable conser\'ator of all 
that can be called curious both of the past £ present age ; one 
who trod not in the road of common trarsllers only ; or was 
satisfied with the cursory remarks of a Grand Tour, but tired 
with a noble desire penetrated the most hidden recesses of 
France, Germany, &, Italy ; no subterranean caverns were too 
deep for bis searching eye. Vesuvius itaelfe, though belching 
out sulphureous smoak, could not deterr him from looking into 
its deep abyss. The sacred Temples, how has his pencil touched 
your heavenly beauties, what lights has he thrown in upon your 
domes? Your antique roufs o're crusted witli mosaick, your 
trsselated floors, your rich eiiibellished altars, your painted win- 
dows, your walls adornod with holy story, your reverend shrines, 
your costly vestments, ii your whole treasures, are by him all 
gloriously transmitted to |)osterity, whilst Brittan admires & 
emulates Greece & Rome. Beside these two illustnoas many 
more could I recouiite whom tht^ envious yeare hatb too lavishly 
snatched from us. Annus illc infaustus et omnibus bonis exosua 
iL<M]ue hodie permanet. B^Ue. Il'ut. EeeL, lib. 3, cap. 1. 

But leusi I should tri'sj>a>s upon your time, or like a swelling 
torrent find no bounds tn my passion, I must abruptly quitt tliis 
topick, & under this shock, this crush of nature, endeavour to be 
calm k undisturl>ed. 

This Summer, if Heaven permitts, I may pay yon a visitt, 
view your rural retrmt, & partake of your amtuements, I caot 
say much to the country house you desire me to bity, it being 
loo remote for ray affairs. A sketch f>f it, t what land bektngs 
to it, with its usual rent, if approved on, may however indooc me 
to be a purehaser. In the interim I pray the divine power to 


have & ooDtinoe the great &, i^ood Chyiidoiiax under its protecCioo, 
& take the liberty to assure bim that 

I am his affect Ireind, i, very humble lenrant, 

Saml. Gaul 

P.S. Tbe close of the laj^t wicked vear cbe stooe killers haire 

been exceeding busie in pulling down the great hou«e, belonging 

to the Lord prior of St. tJohnn of liicrusalcm, extra < *ivit, LomL, 

. having broke down all tlit* curved work thereof with axea A: 

hammers t carrj'ed away the |)ainted glaM of tlie gn-at |iarK»ury 

for which the sordid brutt'^ diMiiaiui an extravagant »uni, A. tlie 

scite is already covert*d with brick bovoU. Sir rr»»utagu!% Jobo* 

son k all the virtuosi greet you, more especially our family. 

Mr. Jacomb beggn to U* rememljervd to yoti. 


E«g,, AT THE Custom Ifor>i:, Lomkjn."— H. F. St. J. 

Granthaniy •! Apr., 17i7. 
Di*ar Sir, 

1 have M*nt you lu*n* ilie ichnograpliy/ A corre^|H*n«lmt 
upright|Of the Iioumt adjoiiiin;: to mine, (a my Mable« a tU* |iar* 
tiiion wall b(*twe<*ii u^, H « iIm* brt*«lth of the gunlen ofthi« lH»u«r« 
130 footf tin* Kime a*» mine, \ :f3<) font l«»n;:| f«|ual with niinr 
too, bavin;; a cbanning pn»i»|ief*t tnH.inl tlie river Jk %all«*y l«-low 
it. D K tlie front of tin* Iioum*. INi font). Ti« a goi^l okl liell- 
built, Mone buikling, i^latcnl riM»f, ;;4Miii timl>rr, ttoiH* mu!lif»iird 
windows, as is tbe nH*tli<Ml liere, not \«t\ irregular, but may be 
€^m*rted, a% I bave done niiii«*, by i^tiippin;; up dexti nMi«ly fM»mr 
of tlie loner liglit*. Ti* non to U* *old f«»r £?«"•. Tbe orcliani 
k garden i» well pl.inlid mili trnit tn*«*« of all ««>rt«. If %um 
have a fanry t«i bu\ it, I hiI! ik ;.*i« i.itr t<*r \**\i. Voii in:iy |«ull 
it down, &, build a n«*at l»«»\ out «»f iIh- Mufl, lur a balf %ia% bcHi*« 
into Ycirki^hirei or y<»u may n*«4r%e a Mifficirnt kalging. A, let the 
remaimler, for tlu* inlrrtM «if tb«* niotM*\. *Ti« n«>%i k*! f«»r illO 
p anil. It will enabk* you liow«*%-«*r tn wk«at at «iur ek^rti«ifii^ 
Or if vou chuiie to n*!n-at bitht-r in Minimer fcjr a mbile, A make 
tbe garden spnior, yt»u may ctm^titute me your RoAtan^M lta«haw, 
or aup(*rintrndent of your garden*, Sultana«, 4 ihr like. *Tia 
* TW •km€k !• V hitk nlumtm i« Mi4t. m flvM ta iW Icftat . Wm tiains^ 


certaio this connti^', above all that I koow, is exceedingly de- 
UghtAil for hunting, riding, air, prospect, &c., nor doe I except 
ei'en my darling ^Viltshire ; every day & every junmey I take, 

1 am more &. more ravished with it, & with [the] Antiquitys [with 
which] it abounds. The great Ermin street runs just above us ; 
a roDian ctty, Paunton,^ 2 mile olf ; &. many more very near ; the 
Foss is but about 5 mile; Belton House, a delicate seat & park, 

2 mile ; Sison* jtark, the like distance ; Belvoir castle, 4 mile ; 
Honington camp, a charming castnim cohortis, 3 mile ; & all the 
roads round us arc at this instant so thick with violets that you 
can scarce bear the fragrancy. The particular situation of Grant- 
ham is most admimblt, a very large concavity, hills quite around 
at the reasonable di:<tance of a mile, ii a. tine meandrous river 
ruuning through it at the bottom of my garden. I^e prospect 
from any of these hills is extensive beyond measure, whence Not- 
tingham." hi re, Derbyshire, Yorkshire, the Ocean, Lincoln minster, 
Boston Steeple, are taken in ut one kenn, &, this not above half a 
mile off* my house. For salubrity 'tis rather too good for my 
trade, though I have had a very pretty stroke in bu«ness since 
I came down, & which probably will encrcusc, & cannot reach a 
degree beyond my wish, which is to make a healthful life atill 
more agreeable, ii useful, (o ones self i: mankind. I don't tbink 
I have lost any lime by living in London, by laying up such « 
stock of knowledge as will add much to the fehcity of my future 
life ; & now I study nbtbing more than to render it innocent, 
long, ii eat^y. Tlie mind which is a thing of great capacity, 
mu>t have somewhat good tt solid to feed upon, hut then it must 
have time too to digest it, or 'tiii burthonstmic. And living 
always in I>mdoii is like being at a continual feast, gorging 
ones self without remission, & o%'erlnadiug the intellects with « 
confused & distemi>ercd medley. I have spent a great deal of 
time in collecting an infinity of drawings, ik materials of anti- 
quityn, ii philosophy, which fur tbe tooHt part no body has ever 
seen, & now I shall have no iiitermption from exiDiining them 
throughly, &. being perfectly master of them, not retarded by 
accession of new matter ; which but miser-likfl adds only to our 
store without use & need, which discourages &. hinders one from 

■ Little Fuatoo. 

■ Sjmai. 


doing anything to purpose : witness our daoeued friend Mr. 
Bridges/ & others. For we are affrighted by the Terr thoaghta 
of a huge shapeless mass of frnpeni, t which are still growing 
upon UBj if we don^t apply timely. 

You remember old Arriaga, whom I have sub-divided into 9 
volumes as portfolioH, & in him I have distributed my cullections 
of drawings in proper ciaMeft. To turn these over is a commmi 
amusement to me, k in»tead of our friend Talman*s copes, glove*, 
bodkins, slipper*, 6i the like religious trumpery, or our Omiond 
Street collection of £30(K) or more expence of imaginary' sketches 
& fantastic inventions of great masters as called, I view an 
infinity of real remnants of the grandest, most instnicti%*e, k 
curious, monuments of the antients, under the titles of bu«t.«, 
statues, bassos, (E:;yptian, Celtic, architeciure, ins4Ti|ittons« 
Ca*sar, Sic. ; but I K|H*nd at present, or rather li%e twic*- o%'er. a 
good deal of time in my garden. You <*:m't but imagine that 
traversing a little spot of ones own is vastly more delightful than 
even the mall, or the heath of liam|Mtead, or the ring, k the like, 
where we have nothing pn>|M*r Init the cimiiiHm air, k S4*arrely 
that without tlie M>phi Miration, k corruption* ne«>*»^ary In the 
neigh borliotid of you ( 'a|Kio|M»litan!i. Thi<i nH>ming I K*t m ith 
my own handi« two or three yards of ficymum, majorana, mrli«i4« 
k some mon* ht*rli!» of that M>rt, swe«*ter thon the naine^ tliein* 
selves, under the windows of my dining nmni |iarlor« over which 
is my bedchamber k study. Tliene ba%'e a soiith-ea»t as|i«*(i« k 
with the rising beams of the sun exhale their oiit»rifcniu« stram« 
with great profusion. My whole ganlen near the bou«r i« 
planted with all the i^weet things of nature. At thi« time my 
circus or nmphithenirr of liNI font diameter, full of fruit tret-s, 
in a» white a« .t 4H-«*t with fluwers A th:it n»lor King a« it i*«-re 
upon the di*ep green of tlie op|io«ite deeli%'ity be\cNMl the ri\ t-r, 
make^ an appearance to [m]e, in my hall, •urprivingly braotifnU 
e«|)ecially toward morning or cvenin^r* mben the i^un •hiffie« 
aslaunt the hill sides, 4 •kodaney §H9 tif the /mtt c4 tJkimp^ a* 
MiltoQ eipreaaas iL 

Pall orb'4 tW aMioa. aa4 with mm9 |iliM<sa llfte 

Hh si l iiw j His aff iW Isaa «f tMaf^ ^milm Um. iaafc «. «l^. 

vr. fjTUKlSLEY AND OTHEKS. 1(17 

You see now & then the worthy Mr. Baron Gierke, that 
gentleman is the glory of his country for integrity, learaiDf;, & 
all other greut qualitys. Pray tell him, with my best respects, 
bow much I was concerncii that I happened to be from home 
when he passed through Grantham, but at bis return I hope for 
better luck. My whole college of lares leap for joy at the 
apprehension of seeing him, & then I shall think myself as happy 
ns Horace in bis Sabin villa, when he had got with him, over a 
black pot of moderate Sabin wine, bis beloved Tyrrhena regum 
progenies [Carm. lib. iii, 29, 1]. My most hearty services wait 
on your brother & sister ; & with my holy benediction to yon, I 
remain Your most affectionate 


I forgot to tell you your bouse has a date upon it, under the 
chimney marked F, lo73. Ne tantillum paginte vacaret Sic. 
I have subjoined II circo di Chyndonacte. 

XXVI. S.OIUEL Gale " to Ur. Wii. Stckelev, at his hodse 
IS Grantham, I.iscolkshike." — H. F. St. J. 

Ix>ndon. August 17th, 1727. 
Worthy Sir, 

I take this i>ji]>vrt unity of returning my thanks for your 
last kind ifttor, which I i-boutd have answered sooner, only was 
in no groat haste of purchasing at Grantham, that happy villa 
Wing -o rvniott* as to be wholly inconsistent with my prewnt 
circuni-tances. I am glad that all things there arc so much (o 
your ta>te. MaMcr llearno, of O.xfonl, has lately |>ublished 
unoihcr >i;irvling monk, ciilld Adini de Djinorham, in the front 
iif the j)ri'lace of which he ;iive3 u* a letter from Dr. Bayli* of 
lliivaiit, U|i<m (he Cbiehester in!^^^iplion, which you k my 
brother took w> iiiueli ]>ain^ to ininiwribe exactly. The author 
makes nitnv [Ntsitivc remrirks euHevming >«vcnil mi^takca not 
only of word> but letlen'. ]>ariicuhirly for LegatI avo k' BRItaxKIA. 
He re:iil> it Itegi* Magna- Britannia, an apiiellation never heard 
of amongst the Itoinans, nor even amongst us till the reif^ of 

' Geortn Btttej, U.D.. bom mt Hmitt. Aaik. 1693, MtUad at CUcbMter. 
lud di«d Utete. IM OMeoiber. I'l I. Stadiad at Ltjita, ander BoaAa**, and 

Knuloal^il at Klicimi.— .V—f-< tt-ll^thr Ofml fWrff »f ngmicimm*. ii.. GV-TU. 


Kin^ James Ist, a fact of yesterday. I coald with 700 would 
Rett your brother phjiieian rii^bt, k convince him of bis gnMS 
mistakes. As to Mr. Heame, bis preface is so anpolite, so 
unbecoming a scholar, or an antiqnary, that I think the takeing 
notice of it would make it too considerable. Kcrapa of cvJIege 
statutes, old wives tales, & monker}', are its cheife oompositioii. 
Even Damerham is but a contracter of William of Halmeabory, 
so that bis lx>oks, bavin;; so littb* of real worth in them, are 
becomin;!^ exceedingly deare. I hope we shall shortly see aome- 
tbin;r from Grantham th.nt will meritt our just attention. All 
freinds desire to send tbeire re^|>ects to you, k that yna will 
accept my best, is the desire of. Sir, 

Your most affectionatelyi 


XXVII. W. Sti-kelet '*to Samcel Gale, Esq., at the 
CrsTOM House, I/Oni>ok." — H. F. St. J. 

Grantham, Oct. 25, 1727. 
Dear Sir, 

I riH^'ivwl your laM br vour friend Mr. Turner, to mhom 

pray pvr my M'nice. 1 (-an ^ny nothing; to T"m Heme's stolT, 

liecauv^ I b:ivf never seen it. nor pn>bably ever shall, fcr I hare 

d«>ne buy in;; liook«. I have now fitted up my library (k *Cis jitsi 

full), Ml that I may pmperly ^y I lie^nn to lire. There are two 

wind«)W« in it, one to tlie «*a«t. tin* otiier t«i the aooth. The 

prt»*pect frtiin it i* very noble k deli;;htful. l*art of it is com* 

pofK^l of a flrxure of our river, with a rerj^ lar);e tumulus elo»e 

by a tami»u« k pleasant ^prin;:. eilUil, •inee Miper^ition pre^Tiiled, 

St. Ann« %%ell. Thf* antierit< ln^iil to be burvitl near sprinj^ 

thinking tli«*re wa« a divinity in that Umnteiiu* gift of nature. 

Tlir fanioii« Silbur}', proliably the lar;:e«t tumulu^ in the world, 

i* cli»M» by tbe «|>rinf; of thf riwr Kenn«i. I ha%e adonied my 

Mudy with liead«, !«« n*lii*f«, bii«tfi«, um«, k drawin;:^ of Roman 

anti(|uity«, a« my betieliamlier a<ljoinin|: with iK^ptian, which 

bci^me pmpliylaetic, A dri^enflTall eriL I doobl oot but to« 

m-ell rem«*ml<>r Ion;; since m hat a cootemptihlr opiaion I always 

hod of the famooa Oafard MiiM|ttanr, them vkoai Dr. Mmd^ 


Mr. Bridges, cum maltis aliis, made such a rout Sir Isaac 
Neivton's bealth, sars Dr. Alead, next fellows Tom Heme's, at 
which I have 1au<;hed many a time. 

He transcribe you a passage out of a book, lately published by 
a neighbor & friend of mine, which he has just sent me for ft 
present. 'Tis called a critical & philosophical enquiry into the 
causes of prodig)'B tfc miracles, as related by historians. " Aoy," 
says he, " uninformed, senseless, heap of rubbish under the name 
** of a history of a town, society, college, or province, have long 
" since taken from us the very idea of a genuine composition, 
'' Every monkish tale &. lye &. miracle & ballad are rescued from 
" ilieir dust & worms, to proclaim the poverty of our forefathers, 
"whose nakedness, it seems, their pious posterity take great 
" pleasure to pry into ; for of all those writings given us by the 
" learned Oxford antiqunry, there is not one that is not a dis- 
" grace to letters, most of them are so to common sense, &. some 
"even to human nature. Yet few set out, how tricked, how 
"adorned, how extolled!" Much more of this nature upon the 
same person my friend goes on wiih. 

If it be worth while to answer what T. Heme's friend says 
iipainst us, your brother i.< best ablo to doe it I, for my part, 
am now beyond the reach of such affairs. My retreat secures 
me I'rom malice &, vn\y & all other kinds of papcr-gall. I look 
upon myself as dead to London, A: what passes in the learned 
World. My study is my clysiuni. where I converse witli the 
immortal ghosts of Virgil, kc, with tlie old sages & prophets of 
£g\*|it, that first disseminated wisdom through the world, ii never- 
tliole*s, though I be defum-t to your i-ido of the world, I revive to ft 
fre>h life here; for 1 fancy myself younger than ever I was, that 
is, I have a lietter state of health. Then guess what felicity one 
may enjoy with wisdom, i exj>eriencc. A knowledge of the world, 
at theageof 2). Thisisobtaining that great |>rivilege of strength 
4'f ji.i'ision, k strength of reason, united, which nature ordinarily 
ilcnys us. I am in a manner now got into full buMncM, k ran 
get 2 or £3<H> p annum, which is quantum sufficit, and that 
without loo much Iiurri- ii fatigue; fur tlic country cannot pos- 
sibly find t(io much work tor two physicians. And this b what 
perfectly suiLo my humor, for I never will make mj'wtf ft slave 

200 MiscBUjancous coRiunroifDiiccB. 

altogether to getting of money, no more than I wonld to fruit- 
less studjs, k if we get our money much harder here than at 
London, I hope it will wear better than joor overgrown pbriidaiia 
estates, which soon dwindle away like a morning vapor. I aa 
very sure if I had lived longer at London I had by tbb time been 
crammed into one of your hellish vaults under a church. Now 
I have a fair chance of being late laid under a green turf, where 
undisturbed for ages one may at length be in a literal teooe 
incorporated into mother earth, &, say with the poet, **^ e Uunnlo 
nostro fortunataque fa villa nascentur violas.** 

Vive et vale, dulcissime amice, 


XXVIII. Roger Galk to W. Stukelbt.— H. F. St. J. 

London, Feb. 6th, 1727*8. 
D<*ar Doctor, 

A lini* from you was the* greatest pleasure k surprise to 
ine in the world, afl^T so long a silence ; I thought I had heOB 
quite forgott & struck out of the album of your frieods, but to 
show vou how I value that name, I shall send the ordrn of 
inMniction vou de>ire for the voun;; man in Lancashire bv the 
Kr^t opportunity ; though the grt*at numlier I ba\e of them upuQ 
my hand«, has omMrained me to makt* my t*xcuM«s u|M»n that scxire 
to above twenty <»f my acfiuaintanc^e mhcv ChristmaMe. I never 
bad S4) much correj^pondence with I/ord \Vid«lringt<in' aato writtf 
to him, but if it will be of anv S4*r%'ici* to \ou, I shall mijsl mdilr 
lake ufion me to M*ud you a line to intruduce you to him ; ihmtgh 
as my l(»nl i« but an infirm sort of a gentk'man, A, a perfect 
valctudinarijn. I doubt n«it but iiUr <if lii!» finkt eiH|uir\» will be 
aAer the \nM pliysieian in tlio eountn-y, k (^»nMN|uently that yoQ 
HJII U* MN»n d«-«ire<l to gi%e your aiKi«-t* at little Paunion.* Mr. 
I\i-k'« nJutmmoHs %eorL* i« n(*t niu<-h admired here : it is n«i hard 

' William, fuvrth U»fd m'idtlnii|r*Ni (tli« irvc LaH mm M BIm^btj, 
l^nc '. liriniE •iijrs«:««l in the rtbcllioa of 17 1. V. wm Ufmgtml. 9m4 tommd gmihf 
•f trrA^iMi. I7IC boi rtouvvd s pmrdum m t;i:. Ihcd U Itaia. ITSl 

* Little INMiue 

" AoMkais urti* AaglicMis ; ~ of iW aaci^Mrtea aaaals «f aia^lM^ la 
LumlA. ftMlaM. mi HeflftMla. M. ITfl. 


matter, beside the Uboor, to compose such a grest work, by writ- 
ing evetybodys life that has any relation to it I think the 
observation yon make upon his Via Vicinalis to be extreamly 
just, & gives me bopes that your close pursuit of your medicinal 
profession will not so intirely engrosse your whole time but that 
now & then, in the miifortanc of a liealthy season, you may throw 
away an hour ujKin your former amusements ; what else must 
become of Stonehenge &, Abnry, & the rest of your western 
researches ? Must they still lye buryed under their own rutos, 
without the least spark of hopes to be retrieved from mistakes & 
ignorance ? Your friends know you have made such advances 
&. progresse towards the restoring them to their genuin foondera 
&, uses, that they will be apt to impute your suppressing the pains 
you have taken upon that part of learning rather to a weaiynesse 
in finishing it, than to your labors & avocations in another more 
profitable science. I wish some of them don't say of you 
Panllnm lepDlbB distal iDcrtia 
CtUlM rirtu* . IJtor. Qtrm. it, 9, 29.] 

I think ronr conjecture of the names of Ancaster &. Hunnington 
being derived from Onna very probable, though we have no 
authority to confirm it, but 1 don't find that the word Onna 
implys a l>off^ vail;/. Baxter derives the name of Hunnum or 
Onnn, near the Ficta wall, from the British Onnen, fraxinus. 
As I remember, the countrcy about Ancaster is all heath, & 
seems never to have been proper for ashes or other trees. 

We are much entertained here at present with Sir Ii>aac 
Newton *B ehronolog}-. It is not a fienerall scheme, but onely a 
rectifying of the Greek, Egj-ptian, Aiwyrian, Persian, k Baby- 
lonian syMcnic?. Hi* hisioricall (uluulatiimN by the ages of men 
(the anricnl method, though erroneous by making their lives 
much too long), coincide most uuniltTfully, A are confirmed, as I 
mav p^\', by a-'tniuoinicall dem<iristr:ition. Two forwani French- 
men bud attackt this work U-fure it was publiohl, but Dr. Haley 
has atlready vindicated his friend in the astronomioall jiart, which 
establishes nil the r<-s(. Munsr. Funtenelles doge ij* Sir Isaac 
Newton, spoken before the French Academy, is come over. 
There is no flattery, no fiillsome flights in it ; I will oot say the 
Frenchman did not give his &ncy the scope he has done upon 


other occasions, becatue be was to praiiie an Englishman ; I had 
rather ascribe it to his thinking a plain history of his life k stndys 
was the hi/^hcst encomium lie could g}\e that prat man, though 
he has not done hiui all the justice he ought, having much 
diminished his invention of the reflecting teleftco|«, k not said 
one word of his svsteme of the comet>, one (»f the finest discorrrrs 
he evrr made. If he has had true infonnation, Woolstrop, near 
Grantham, was the place of Sir Isaac's nativity, k ni>t Cokler- 
worth, as vou have t4)ld the world. 

AAer all this, it is high time I should amgmtulate you upon 
your entrin;; into the matrimonial state, which I told vou would 
certainly be one ev(*nt of vour retirement, thou<!h your aversion 
to it at that time made it alluuM incredible ; but S4> much tbr 
more ha« l»een the ladv*s merit that could make you allter tlnne 
firm resolutions. You may at least pnimiM5 yourself oue pleasure 
more than uuM liii*»band« an* bl(*st with, that i^ lH*r company in 
your studys ; for nothin;: lesse can lie e\|iecti-tl from a lady 
educat«*tl by Mr. Matt a ire, which accf»m|»li«hmrnt I am ^ure you 
would not have m4'ntiont*d, had not her learning answered the 
character of her ma.^tiT. 

Nnn marmarm ve^tin OiluinVv. 

ItrarhiA non lleilenr onn vinaini ««rti!A cmichip. 

And w) with all tlif ;:noil ui^he^ I cm think of I'nr vour felicity, 

I am, di*ar iKwtor. 
Vour most oblige«l friend, ^ humble servant, 

IL Gau. 
My sifter d brother joyn with mi* iu all !»er%tct-« to tbr bride 
k vour<M*lf. 

L:i«t N«»v«*inU*r wa<» a tw*t*|vrni"nth a l4*lf«T«if \«iur« fuutkl me 
in i*:iml*ri'l;»i*<»liin*. I iinm«<tliatrlv rrtunit-\l an ;in«Hcr to it. but 
much t|ui*ttion your reci'i\ ifi;; it. 

XXIX. HtN.I'.li G\ir. ** M pR. STtKriCT, at <fRAVTHA«, 

IN LiNcuLN'siiiRi:.** — H. F. St. .1. 

London, March the 2t;th, l7iM. 
Dear D x':<»r, 

Wr l.ail your mi>%t rntrrtaining diarourw brfure the Riivall 

Sucaeiy last Tliumlay, ciurmM«ioed bv tlRr d m w re n of the Riman 


puTement at Denton,'" for wbicb you are ordered the tbanfcs of 
that body. I am sorry to tell you it is broke into factions & 
partys, of which you hare no doubt been informed from other 
hands, & therefore I shall not give myself the uneasynesse to 
relate it to you. Camden takes notice of a golden helmett, & 
other antiquitys, found nt Herlaxton in Harry the VIII. 's time. 
I like well your fixing Causennis" at Paunton, for though I found 
it placed by my father at Xottingham, in his notes upon Anto- 
ninus, I allways thought that was too long a stretch, &. Notting- 
ham to lye too much out of the way. I am sorrj- yon seem to 
doubt of finishing the vast deal you bare composed on the Celtick 
affairs, but as you own yourself to be fond of them, your inclin- 
ation will certainly, some time or other, gett the better of your 
present disposition. Next Thursday I am to sett forward upon 
a western expedition, as fur as Exceter, if my time, which is 
limited to six weeks, will permitt. The pleasant season of the 
year will, as I flatter mj'self, make the journey af^reeable ; it 
would be intirely so, could I have the same company with me as 
when we travelled into the north tofrfther. I intend to spend a 
day at 'Wilton, where there are 30 wajrgon loads of m.irble more 
than when I was Inst there in September, 1725. This will not 
however hinder me, as I hope, from going into Yorkshire about 
the latter end of August, when I promise myself the greatest 
pleasure in seeing you at your delightfull villa. Sir I. Ne^vton 
wish[es] be had let his chronology alone. you[r] obscr\'ations 
appear to me very just. There are more mistakes than one [in] 
it. I will onf;Iy j>uint you to his placin;: Hei-iod, the poet, 34 
years before the ^olic migration, who tolls you hims<.-lf that his 
father went in (Iiat colony to Asia. Homer he makes contem- 
porary with He^iod, iibout 34 year alter the taking of Troy. If 
he lived no near that time, how ridiculous would it be for him to 
tell us of Hector ^ Diomede^ throwing a stone as big as two men 
could lift, at the time he wrote bis jioem ; complaining in other 
places of the grunt diminution in their strength i stature, when 
some hundreds of them must have ttill been in the world that 

" 6ee/MfM. under I^Idmex. 

" Honlef eooiwtared Adcmut k> ba*e licco Ctuenam. moA thmt Qramt 
PnaioB WM Uie Ad Fontcn «f AMoaiBoa. 


were present at tbe action ; not but tbat I think the whole a 
poeticall fiction. However, Homer olwen'cd allways the ro 
wpfwopy &. would never have told such a »tory before so manv 
living in«»tanc<?5 of the contrary. We ex|>ect objiervitions & 
answers to this chn)nolog}' every day. A Frenchman or two 
fell u|)on it Wfore it was published. Dr. Halley has taken upon 
himself to defend tin* aMronomicall |wrt of it, &, ban, I think, 
Bufliciently baffltnl tbe monnieurs in what h«* ba« already publiahl 
in 3 of tbe Pbilos. Tran**. Wbiston has tbrratcMied Sir Isaac 
long l)efore publication allso, both in bi«»tfiry &. ai^tronomy, but 
we see none of his performanc*e yett. I ha\e put up two printa 
of (»ur ^NK'ietv for vou« &, shall leave tbcni with mv sister, to be 
sent to Grantham by her fir^t a(*quaintaiut* tbat travels north* 
ward. One of them is the medals of Qmvn Elizabeth, but with 
some more add<*d to it ; the other is a rurinus prii«|M*rt of Far* 
nesM* Abby, in Lam^ai^bire, which i«i all wt* have* di»iir since tbe 
toumamrnt, having Ix^en all this last %« inti-r under a gn*at torpor, 
ti little pn»s|M*t't of (Miming out <if it. Tb«* li»riU \ou mention are 
all wi*ll ; Ij<inl IVinbrnkt* I ?»|ii*nt Saturdnv nmrning with. 
Exct*pt I write tm pur|N»M* to I^inl WiiMringt«in, I dc^|Kiir of any 
op|M)rtunity of reciinimrnding y<iu t«» him, \ that wnuld Umk lake 
dc^ign. I must wait till I cbanci* to inri*t bim in t«iwn, to avoid 
it, if VdU do not appri»vr of my gi\ing \tiu a biter t«> him. I 
nc^cr did uritr to him in mv lift*. 

I am, d<'ar D«N-tor, 

Vour mo?»t faithfull Irinid A M*r^'ant, 

H. (f ALC 
TIm' #'\«W offirr wa^ n*tnov«*«|, Frl»ruar\ tbf :?l»t, l"n»m llmnr 
rrtMotr«, in i»urt<»ti, U-fon* I ri*i*«i\itl \oiir litit-r, but if it had 
n'»t it wniiM ii«»i b.i\(* Inn'Ii in iii\ |Mi«irr tt« li.i\f «ti*pt it: ni\ 
I#<inl I.«iii«4l.ib*. tV lii^ bnitlirr« Mr. Aiitb. l.«iwtlM r. buxing oime 
to lb«' Ut.ird A « oiii|i|aitH>l a;;ain«t I*ri*«tMii lor ulHfiiij them* 4 
|M*liin;: tiM-in uiib dirt tV «t«>ti«>« a« tbr\ miiii t-i iIm- i U*«-tiun laM 
\far Itir tin* muniy. I i ••ii;;mtulal«' \**n u{miii tbi< ftii^rtuall 
ri-mf^h^ \<iii a|ipl\(*«l tn \oiir pn*lt\ |uti«fit at ltrimtna<-j. thif 
old frirnd, dauic* 1 1. II, d\i*il about l\ miMitli% ago, 4 this 
altrrn«i*in I w^s %ur]»riM*«l at tla«* »i^it *4' a great bo&. 4 the 
mt-MAi^o d4li\ervd with it^ which isan tlyU Mr. Hill made il hia 


dying request that all his collections relating to the county of 
Hereford" might be sent to me, In pursuance of which bis father 
had put this into my bands. I find by tlie short view I have had 
of them, tiiat he had performed a great deal more than most 
people believed, but it seems to be but his rudis indlgestaque 
moles [Ovid, Met. i, line 7], & a mere embryo of what he had 
promised. I don't understand yet whether I am to keep them, 
ore onely have the perusal I of the papers. 

XXX. Samuel Gale " to Mr Ss'owe." — H. F. St. J, 

June 16, 1728. 

It is some time since I promised yon an account of an ancient 
book rel.itin^r (o the art you profess, & of which you are so great 
a judi^c, cncourager, & improver, that not only our age, but all 
posterit io, will reniaine indebted to your merritt. *T was written 
in French, by Go<lfrey Torin," and printed by him<<elf, at Paris, 
anno 15:^9, and is now become exci-edinr^jicarce. The litterati are 
oblige<I to the very learned Mr. Matin! re, Annates Typographici, 
Tom, 2, Pars Posterior, p. 551, to who**' elaborate work we are 
oliti^ed for the following description. Tl:e title of the book is 

CIIAMPFLEUR Y, an^el rat eonlfnu CArtf ^- Scitnee dt la 

duf ^' vraye Proportion dn hettm Adii/uet, ipt' on dit 

aittmnent Lettret Antiqun^ ft vtilgalrtmmt Ltttrtt Hnm- 

ai'iiM, proporlion^es telon le Corpt ^* ritagt humaine. 

" R. RAwlinNin, in hi* EngliiA Tapographf, Bto. M'X*. pp. 70-1. (peaking 

of Hen-loni snd the countj, uya, "kli ihr Ul»)ar« litlfen hr Mr. Brome ftnd 

othc» ill n-1niii>n In Iliiii cuiiiT. are iwatlnirtil u|> in H'lne T«rr \ivt propniali 

pnlilihlicil 111 1717. >>ul with kIihI kuccvw Mr. Itrume mav lie Biiiicipucl. let Ihe 

worM juilcf. whf n thcT ree (he pr»|vi«ali (ulljr ■nuirervil. a* no diNibi bat tbej 

will. i,y Mr. Jarnen Hilt, of the Ui.lillc Templr. in hi* Uitt.<ry ^ t),r niy if 

Hrrrfurd. wh>cli i* Io contain an exact and rrcular account ul Ihal |>lacc, from 

it> m"< larlj ■;;■.' bi ihia iliae, (li>i>l(»l into tvi> part* ; Ihe Gnt uf which tnau 

of it! El^rle■iB>tical. till the aeconi) of it* Citil u«te;" Kawiiotun (itm the 

Pro*peclu>. See alao GmifAi AnunUln tf BrUilk Tfjitfn^f. 4to.. ITT^, p. 

191. Nuihins •ecm* to haTe coae of It. 

" In IjStl appear«tl a aiofcalar book, entitled *'Chanp FlewT.~ 41a, b; 
OroBrej Torj. of Pant, who wai the aotbor and printer. Tbe book wu in ila 
daj of cunddcrabit Diiliij. AcoordinK W FoaniieT. be deriTee tbe iMten ol 
the Latin alphabet from the godden 10; pretending that tbejr an all fonad ol 
I and O. He Uien briop tbi iMten into {Moportiaa with th« baaan bodj and 


The book is divided into three parti. In the firtt he exhorts 
his country-men thst they would study to refine k adorn thair own 
language, & discourse about the antiquity & origin of letlara. In 
the second be treats of the number & formation of leClers, A thetre 
true proportion according to the human body. In the third, of 
the right pronunciation iV figure of each. To these he subfoias 
a treatiM^ conctTuing the (*lements of various languages, k the 
alphabeU of the Hebrews, Greeks, &. Latins. Lastly, ha adds 
the square letters usualy putt in the beginnings of manuscripts 
which those versed in that m-ay of writeing [do] with foliage A ima- 
ger}*. The gutbic, the bastardc, &, sepulchml letters, k those used 
by the Persians, Arabians, Africans, Turks, k Tartars; the Chal- 
daick, the imperial,^ diplomatick (of a barbarous k rude struc- 
ture), the pluintastique, utopique (invented by Sir Thomas Moor 
in his Utopia), the flourished (such as were sett off with flowers, k 
antique foliage, k beautified by the illuminators with gold or ooul- 
ours, either in manuscripts or books in the infancy of printing). 
They implicated such as were used to express the persoos name 
in a cypher, rnfolding tiie initial letten, (as may be seen upon 
gold rings, windows, k old tapistr\', kc) 

I i*annot, indeeti, diss4*mble, but that sometimes in his elabo- 
rate k minut4* delineation^ of the schemes of his letten, 4 aococn- 
modating to tho duncu^ian [?] rule*, k form of the human body, 
he is triflring, k inolinea rather more to the inventions of his own 
fancy than to the truth of solid matter. Yet, nevertheleM, he so 
intermixes serious k ludicn»us affairs, k intersperses everywhere 
so manv plra^ant k UM*full Morie«, in^rts k illustrmtrs so manv 
places from the lM*i»t writt-m, antient ^ modem, adds so manv 
olHM*r>'ation« relating to antiquity, k the many dialects of the 
French nation, A tlir various pronuntiation of Irttrrs amonga 
st*veral other |ieoplf {$ttch as tU GermQn$^ Kmplisk^ ><vls, FifWH 

coonienAAce ; aiul mtier introdsaiif mmck 9%tr%mmnm» mmtUt, ht fivva tW 49S 
Asd tHM pr\»f»irti«*fi» tif |r«tcr«. K«« iNit pmrpom hf* m tqaarr teio %t% 
lificai. prrpra«tic«:Ar and trAntv«rw. vlii«k form o»« k«»*lr«d ajitrf. ssoifltitlj 
ail<«l with cirelw fumed by tk« tnmfmm . %U «bt>l« •! mkttk mws to fi«« 
for* Mid t$nt9 to the Wtim. Tory wm % pntmm mt ewmm4atml^ stsdima a»4 
InfToyit V. Ht f rMi*loUi| vftnotu Ura»4 work* lat* timmik , aad m Io mud tkm 
franct* I. honc««rv«l him viik a tpocial pnvile^ far iprtaMa^ kaa^ te «i^ 
•idcraiAoa ol tba clKMCt or^ita to with vtoik Im etoWtoikai Iksto. lU 
to %UO.'^flmf0Hff'$ Mmmf < ^tof»^. T«L U «l. 


itiffs, Italtantf 4' """wy '^« Greeks, the Cappadociatu, Cretane, 
Ciliciant, Laconiant, 4* Beotiam), that at the same time he allevi- 
ates tbe tediousnes, & excites the study, & may both delight &. 
instruct the render. This work, first devized io the year 1523, 
he published in ihe year 1529, to which before, in the year 1526, 
Le had obtnined the kings privilege. Sir, if this antient writer 
can any way contribute to your assistance, I hope it mil be some 
apology for this long epistle, to which I shall only add that I am 
glad of every opertunity to assure you that, with great sincerity 
& resi^ecl, I desire to be esteemed, 

Sir, your very obedient Servant, 

S. Gale. 

XXXI. Roger Gale, " to Dr. Wm. Stukeley, at GnAirrHAK, 
IN" LiKCOi^'sniBE." — H. F. St. J. 

London, June the 25th, 1728. 
Dear Doctor, 

The favor of yours, with Fccl!i certificate, came safe last 
ni^^ht ; he may di-[>end u|>un being iniployed as soon as bis turn 
comes, but I ft-ar it will bo a great wliJIc first. My journey into 
the west was much sboriened by my sndden revocation into 
Cambridgi-shire, so that I gutt no further than Wellington, in 
SomersetHliire, & must reserve £.\ceter for another expedition, I 
was extn-anily entertained with the anticjuitys in the neighboui^ 
hood of Dor(.-be>ter & other places in that deligbtfull counlrey ; 
but nothing ever plcasotl me more (ban the fine head of brasse 
found last year at Ituih," tlii'beauly & gniresof it are so inexprr»- 
ttiblt', that llii>u;:)i 1 have sit-n above twenty drau;;])ts of it by 
good hands, yet I cannot say any one of theui c:iinc so near it at 
to deserve (n Le engraved, & this 1 take to be the reason that 
we viit se<' no j>riiils of it It is very Iwrd to determin whether it 
U' of a man or a woman, yet there apitears to me something so bold 
& strong in it that I am inclined to fiive it for the &nner. 

I found an originall of your cosin Hobsons at Cottutbam, 
taken nut of the frame &. nilled up, which bu to much damaged 
it that it wat)t'> a skillfull hand to re{iair it. Mr. Wood baa 
promised me to undertake it, & when be haa lett it to righta, if 

208 icucELULHious coaBEsrom>BiCB. 

you will order him, or anjrbodjr else, to copy it, it is at your mt* 
vice. I am much obliged to you and Sir Francta for your kind 
iovitations, but as I fear my northern journey roust be drcipi for 
this year, I cannot promise myself the satisfaction of seeing joa 
so soon as I desire. I have not seen brotlier Sam since youn 
came, but will endeavor to extort a line from him to you by iIm 
first opportunity. &Ir. Hob^mV portraiture, by the date, was 
taken the year before he died, a.1). 1629, a>tat su«, 84. I wish 
you may Ion;; exceed his yeam, &. am, dear Doctor, 

Your most faithfull friend & humble servant, 

R Oalb. 

XXXII. Wm. Stukblet *'to Samuel Galk, E^., at thk 
Custom House, London.*' — H. F. St. J. 

Grantham, 14 Oct., 1718. 
Dear Sir, Samuel, 

I thank yuu for your last kind Si divertin;; letter. I spent 

Satunlay mornin;; last with Ivo Talbois,^ King of the OinriL 

His garden in vm* curious t entertain in;;. Tlie grrrns are es- 

c(*edin;: fine 6l utatrly, &, his oolh^rtion of odoriferous, k eioCk^ 

plantii, flowen*, fthrub;*, Jkc*., is highly delightful. Ho loaded OM 

home with roots &, mhhIs of pomegranat, lialm of gilcad, 4;c., Ibr 

my ganlcti. He li:i^ a nioi* donet of pictun** ; his library, 

meclaU, k tho like, I need nut trll vou are vcr^* \aluable. I bad 

like to have forgot his c«»llfction of childn*n, being No. X. boys 

k girU, aypii proportion!*. My wife mi«carric*d 3 days after 

your letter to me, the 2^ time. The embriti, about as big as a 

fill>erd, I buryd under the high altar in the chappel of ny bd^ 

mitagi* vineyard ; for thrrr I built a nichr in a ragged wall 

on*grown with ivy, in ^hirh I plac(\l my rtiman altar, a brick 

from Verulam, JL a wati*r)ii|N* lat4*ly tent nir by my Loid Colraia 

frtfm Mar»hlan«l. l*ndi*mrath a« a ramomilr li^l for greater 

eaf« uf thr lii*iHh*t| kni^e, k there we entrrn^l it, pre^nt ny 

wives m«>tlier, k aunt, with oeremooys proper to the occasMm. 

II you enquirr %i hat I am about : I am making a Cample of iIm 

druids as I call it. *tift thus ; ibenp is a eirrk* of ull filberd trees 

in the nature of a hoiig, which is 70 fuot diameter, round it ia a 

walk 15 fuot bniad, dmilar too, ao that tlM wbola ia 100 Ini 


diameter. This walk from one high point slopes each waj so 
gradually, till you come to the lowest which is the opposite point, 
& there is the entrance to the temple, to which the walk may he 
esteemed as the portico. When you enter the innermost circle 
or temple, you sec in the center an antient appletree oregrown 
with sacred uiisletoe ; round it is another roncentric circle of 50 
foot diameter mnde of pyramidal greens, ai equal inten'als, that 
may appear verdant, when the fruit trees have dropt their leaves. 
These pymmidals are in imitation of the inner circles at Stone- 
henge. The whole is included within a square wall on all sides, 
except that where is the grand aienue to the porticoe, which is 
a broad walk of old apple trees. The angles are filled up with 
fruit trees, plumb^', pearii, walnuts, apple trees, &. such are like- 
wise interspersed in the filherd hedg & borders, with some sort of 
irregularity to prevent a stiffness in the .ijipearance, &. make it 
look more easy & natural. But in that point where is the 
entrance from the portico into the temple is a tumulus, which 
was denominated snowdrop hill, being in (.'liristmas time covered 
ore with that ]iretty, &. early flower, but I must take it for a 
cairn or cvltic barrow. I have sketchefl you out the whole thing 
on the other [>age ; it was formed out of un old ortohard. 

The>L- are some of the amusements ot' us country' folk. lu- 
sted of the pleasures of London conversation, we are content 
with natures cunvcrso, where wc meet with no envy, slander, or 
oneasyness, whatever. If yuurs be more poignant, ours are 
more Hercne, more certain, more lasting; but I need not preach 
up rural dfltghts to you. 

I was s«)rry to hear my cuz. & your old friend, Adiard Welbyi 
in dead. I endeavored to invite hint into the country ; where he 
might have spun uut lift' to a longer date. I su[>|>oso he has 
given Mr. Vernon his esutc. If Mr. Vernon wants a steward 
to look after it, you may recommend my coz. Adhird Stukeley, 
of Holbech, who lives near it. 

Mr Lord Oxford called on me lately. Pray put Mr. Vertiw 
in mind of a promise he made me. I smiled when I read joor 
account of my Lord Lincoln's terns 200 feet wide 19()0 feet long. 
I should have made it 2000, at all hazards. You forgot to i^>e«k 
of my Lord's obelise. Our ncigbbour, Sir Uichael NewtMi, has 


lately set up a great column in his garden, &. a circular temple 
of stone ; be ift going to make an obelise too. Pray remember 
my hearty service to your brother & sister. ! am. 

Your most obliged humble ser^'ant, 

Wii. Stvkelct. 

XXXIII. Wm. Stukeley to Dr. Thomuxm»s.'— H. F. St. J. 

From Elysium [circa 1729]. 
Dear Sir, 

You'l Im> surprized (no doubt), by the su[»er a% well as sul^ 
scription of thin Irttrr, no sfMinor M*nt lN*cauM* I lia%'e been all 
this while in a sort of tram^e. The miuI. whirh has l»«^n so long 
hnkt to a mat(*rial clog, like a frttennl hor^', when fn*e, limps 
habitually for sonu* time, till it recovers jM-rlVvtly its |)ri«tine 
•tat4*, \. tht*n U*gin^ to n*ason like its st'lf, and riites to beighta 
sonnvhat worthy iu« divine extraction. When I fir>t arrived at 
the man^iouH of jN-aco k felicity, I was not abli* for a ouDsider- 
able whilt* t«> |K*rci*ivi* my hajtpincsA, but o\ em h«-lmeil in a sort 
of inM^n^ble staU* of amazement, I man seUMble oolv of some 
faint idras uf the ^'lory of the plact*, A suqiHze at my finding 
myv.*lt' then*. Hnw long it is Minot*, I ean*t nell pie^s, fur here 
we nirasure n^t tiim*, nor have we ne«*<l of \nnr viri!»*itudinarian 
planet ruljcil thr •»un. An eternal day nf M*rt*nr li;:ht hrn* rrigns, 
& whole agt's pa^r^^ ««ith an e\en <i strady rurn'Ut. Soft as are 
the n*volutii»n4 of tht* f»ubj(Vted iplirre which your old pliilo> 
•ophern, Pithagora^, Plato, ^ riit*ro. fanciiil ti> be with inrx* 
pre^^ible lurnioiiy. A rightly Mip|MiM-«l, im|i« nvptiblr tu the dull 
ears of mortalU uIiom* or^rans are n<»t i*a[uble of lieing aflectcO 
with it a^ ttN> grt-at A loud t«> U* eotiipn hi ndol bv vou in a 
niortnl ^tjtr. Idii. UiM'ttif, whi-n \oii ('.i«f iitf that nut* rial (rani 
Vou %iill fin<l tht* <-Miitflinp|jti«in of the inntion. 4inli-r, A n^gulahty 
of thoM* iniiuen«i* «ph«*n'«, i« some |»art t*f \\tv pIr.iMire* A entt-r« 
tainmeiitfi Wf 1110*1 «iith hrn*, pl«*.i«uri'« a* gr^-it a* tin* InHindie^ii 
iutinity 4»f th<»«M> crlf-Ati^l orb«, di«|MiM^ in sueh r&i|ui«ite •% uimHf} , 
k, to such infinite e\ten^ion, as well »huwii ihr ucimi|Hitnice uf 
their almighty anhitct^t, A »up|»ly almo«l an etrmal field uf study 

R«it«-n Th«iailin*iia. M V . hom m L«itt«k«a . ff«l«r«t«0 ai Tttmnf Colkf*. 
CaabrHlr*. M H i;4«> C1cct«l KiymiM to Ovy* Hos^iaa. KM. 1»m4 


& disquisition. Indeed whilst I was on earth 'twas oft with vast 
satisfaction I liave meditated upon the admirable &. curiooa art 
shown in the Minima Natuire, where the parts of matter, which 
we knew by inatiiematical demonstration are capable of being 
divided ad infinitum, are almost actually so divided, but certainly 
the finger of the supreme Being is maximus in maximis, &. in 
such mighty (iroductions be seems to have a field somewhat 
answerable to the vastness o( his preconceived ideas adequate 
to his power, which in lesse things must necessarily be con- 
tracted from our understanding ; & it is as much impossible 
for you to ba^e an adequate idea of these larger productions of 
his band, as of infinite space or eternity. Those arc only to be 
attempted by the exalted spirits of those that have passed over the 
Stygian lake of human infinnitys untainted, un{>olIiited of those 
corporeal defilements, which leave spots of impunity upon the eth^ 
real soul not to be washed out in many successions of duration. 

'Tis with pity I consider the difiicultys you encounter with of 
avoyding fle^shly impuritys, which yet, by ttie little time of 
experience I had amongst you, I found chiefly owing to the want 
of resolution tu withstand them, for upon tryul it will be found 
mure easy to bo iniaginid without it, & to a considerate man 
they will ap[>ear so unworthy, &, the charms of virtue so bright 
& glaring, that at length it will become easier for one to be 
chaste ii ten) {h.- rate, just & religious, tbnn vitious & debauched: 
& tbe observation of the Christian Institutions, the highest pitch 
of morality that cvit was presented to the World, are most 
highly Conducive to the perfection of the !>oul which gives us an 
anti-ta.-it oftho^c si-rapbic pleasures which we are iu full fruition 
of. But I am forbid to say more of that cpious subject, &. 
commend you tu the exercise.- of that reason which yon have a 
large share of, sufficient to bear you u|> in the practise of those 
attestations of faith ii fituHi works, which will entitle you to the 
favour of that transcendent all-iierfect essence in whose preaence 
are eternal joys. 

I tliink myself obliged to you for tbe concern yon expreand 
when you a(x]uainted our Brother Masscy with my death, m you 
called it It was no more than what I find I have done diren 
times before. I could leil you who 1 was once several age* agoe, 


k whoso namo you have very often read, but tbat would i c< m a 
little too much to praine myself; but it wan not witliout reaaoa 
that I ever was Sit fond of the Htudy of antiquitys, which indeed 
was only a natural iiintinrt, a ch^ire (»f bi*in;r acquainted with 
th(»m» time.H wherein I had fornii*rly madi* »ome tort of figure, 
hut. immaturo fato ahreptus, (»nly to Im* lam**nt«Hl becAU«e I was 
(ihligtnl to return under the eowr of another ImmIv whence I may 
in soni«* m«*asun* acvotmt for that Mraiip* aHivtii>n I always bad 
for that notion nf Pvtliaf;oraHN tran^mi<rration, an well an for 
?^veral of hi<» (hx^trinrs, |>;irtieularly that of fei*<ling on animala. 
Stran;;e that man i\\u\ find U'tttT «V more* inn<KN*nt way» of pre- 
!»ervin;^ life than by the death of liin fellow aniniaU, or that we 
should X) little con*>idrr that iiwiii prrm^ative of beaten, which 
iA |H>r|N*tually «*\4'reis4Hl in ;;ivini5 liein;; to en*aturei«, aa to laka 
|dea>ur<* in takein;; it away. \Vh«*n w<* know at tite aame tine 
bv conMant rxiNTirncH* that that littK' MH-«>nd hand wav we have 
of iN'in;: the iKva^ion of |»ro«lurin;; a livin;; Imdy ia altemled with 
the ;;ri*at4M of UmIIIv ^atisfartion?*, an item nure of the dimity 
of th it |iowiT whirli i^ <It*le;;ati*il t«> u^ from thr Soveret^in author 
of all tliini'v Hrncv then m:iy wr a»surr «iurM*lve» of thr grral 
reward uhirh attends our rndravoun* to *a\e a miuI, for which 
the wry Ari^rU think n(»t their |i;iin^ ill iMMoweii in walchin;* A 
^uardin^ u^ an* not n-luotaiit to |i'a\e tliCM- ba|i|>y alimlea to 

attt-nd iMNir ni(»rtaU, iV bv unM*«'n wa\« a\ert e\ill from ua, A 

• • • 

|»n>ni|»t us to d(K* ;!«nmI, ulM'nnil no UmIv that n'flect» flrritniaJj 
u|Min hi<» fiwii lift* but mu^t U* !»t*ii^ilile. Ibit, mhat i« more, how 
mueh d«N* Me nwr to that mi^mhI |MrMin of the IMlv, r\er 
ble^Mil. whii da':;nti| In eluatli hiin^-ll' in fb-^h to npiritualixr our 
natnri h, a rt-il«*«iii u« fr«»iii tin* trt-niendttu^ enr^' ju^tU dtMiiiicil 
to .il. tilt- uiiijij, tiir tin t.ii il tr.iii«.'ri-«*i«in «>t our areh | a rent 4 
tile i*orru|>tiMfi u! all lii« oft^prin;:. I>rea<ltull to think tliat with- 
out «ueli hi^ anta/in«; philanthrtip\ , mi< h an infinite numlii*r of 
inmi«>rtal muiU, a «iho|i' world niuM lia«i« for e\er lii^«fi r&elodrd 
the lieatifie %i^ion, tin- iiK'fTibli- ji»v« of IIi*aiven, mhieh thuar oolr 
can ha\e an idea of «ib«i ««*«• the* fatv «»t ttod in |!birv ; to w 
\hA\ pniti-4'tion I reeiiinmeffHl \i»u, lM»|N'iii|v tlieM* few lioramay 
pro\e an unM*ii«4>nable eiitertainm«-nt U* \ihi duno;; tlie euiifine- 
ment of your indiniMwilion, from wbicb I wi»h ym a reoov«rT|4 aa« 

1 oor Piiicere fnettd m ocalori ^ • K. 


XXXIV. Sir John Clebk to R. Oale.— H. C. 

Edenborougb, 29 April, 1729. 
Dear Sir, 

I was sorrj- to hear of Doclor Woodward's death, be was a 
droll sort of a [iliilosophor, but odc who had been at much pains 
& eikpence to promote Daturall knowledge. I wisb I bad known 
when his fossils were to be sold, some of them were very curious, 
though indeed lie himself was the greatest curiosity of the whole 
collet^tion. As for Ins Clypeits Votirut, I wish the gentleman joy 
who paid one Imndi'ed rrnitieas for it. Never was there anything 
more absurd, in my opinion, than to fancy it was Itoman, for as 
it is of iron, it could never have lasted tho fourth part of the 
time, for by the sculpture, if genuine, it hud been as ancivnt as 
the time of Hadrian. I never saw anything of iron which was 
Roman, except great hinges for doors, or the like, which had lost 
half of their substance by rust, 

I thank yon kindly for the description you sent me of the 
Roman pavement,* it well dcsonos to l>e printed oft' in a co[>[ier 
plate, A to have a rix)rn built over it. I obser\-ed with pleasure 
the dimensions much used by the Romans, viz., two squares, \ 
no doubt the bight of the room w.1^ equall nt least to its breadth. 

I believe I luld you in my last that I have pott two swords 
of brassc, of a curiouT* form. They may jiossibly be Roman, for 
they were found near a pretoriuin that was s(|uare. They have 
bad wooden bandies, ii arc very ebaqi A heavy, I have likowiso 
gi)tt a very curious instrument of that kind which Moufaucou & 
other writers have eonnnonly described for Roman fibubc, but 
what I take to be the true Roman stylus.' It is studdt^l with 
silver, ii the broad p:irt at the end of it, for deleting what us«'<l 
to lie written on the pugillares, i> very remarkable, being a kind 
of opus tes-ielliitum, made up of red i: while stones, vcrv- minute 
& |ierfeclly inlirc. 

Yours, Ac, 

•T. Clekk. 

' In [.illlrcot I'nrk, m-ar Unn;.'CTfora. 

Sir John Clerk'* nkctcli ahewn jt to h*TC been * fihul*. tad not k (tjliu. 


XXXV. RoCfER Gale "to Dr. Wm. Stukklet at Grajct- 
HAM, IN Lincolnshire." — H. F. St. J. 

London, May 8, 17i9. 

Dear Doctor, 

I am sorn' you labor under so many disappointincnU ia 
the happynesse you pro|)o»ed to yourself from your coontraj 
retirement, but it in no more than I told you, before you left this 
place, that you would soon complain of, k that we sbould kave 
you back a(:^ain in a few year5. I hope it i» not yett too late to 
thrust yourself onp<* more into the buny world again, &, do aaanrt 
you no one livin;; would be l>etter pleaiwd to see you content 4 
happy in life* than niVM^If. I^rd Pembroke is pretty well again, 
but do*s not vctt (*oine down Maim. Ladv Pembroke make« aa 
excellent nurse as well a.<» wife ; i%he nc%*er leaves him now io Ua 
chamber, k all this winter ha^ pven him her oom|NUij at hooie 
in the evening ; «o that 1 huvc nrvor fuund him alone, &, to mj 
great comfort have Im'cu diHinist conKtantly at 9 a clock, whco 
they very lovingly went to supper together. 1 nMwt willinfly 
accept of the honor you do me of "ktamiing fi|Minsnr with kini if 
there is occasion for it in J urn* «*r July nrxt. Could your Lady 
putt off her time till tin* rnd of Augunt I nhould bi» in lio|wii of 
attending the folrninity in fiemon, but if you should not harp 
occasion at present, you ina\ ki*ep ine in iictto for ibe next, or 
the 3^. 4*^, or wheni*vi*r vou msv be in want. Your diaivano 
of the Saxon antiquity^ found in your neighborhood have not yet 
been read l»efore tli<* Ht>vall SKMelv, but Dr. Ruttv* telU me 
thev shall l»e Invil lii*tiire tht*m ritlM*r thi« dav, or at the next 
meeting. I writi* tlii^ in thi* fun-niNin U*ing t4> S4-tt out for CoC* 
tenham to m«irn»w mnrnin;:, full of bu«\ ne^gu*, \ unwilltn'* to 
leavr vour« iin^n^w* rf<«i tJI niv ntiirn, whirh I intrrnl »»hall be 
in three wn*ks tinir. Mr. (fiNnlman has g<»tt his aflair» K-ttlcd 

* WilIiMD Luttv. I- ri. >ri U n 1 tn . r^lunOril At Chrivl • C W*^ . «'MBl«t-lf». 
M I) i:i'.> Fri:..* . r • • .»•!•. r l'i.f*.«iAna i;j«i l«u:«Ci.fiiftfi Uciwfvr K.-s. 
^^rrimrj nf K'VaI ^ « •<! l.'.*: ihrti 10 June. i;.>i ^.VaaA « !<•»//•/ fUlffe 
mf i%00tftmms. Vol. II , |>. '4. 


pretty much to his mind, & I believe you will see him next week. 
At my return I will endeavor to gett you a transcript of Dooms- 
day book as to Grantham. Browne Willis dined with me last 
Sunday, I had no opportunity of discoursing him then about 
your saints & have not seen him since. The Clerk of Kibble- 
Chester's son I put into busynesse before the receit of your last, 
in Derbyshire. I thank you for your notice of the fine hunting 
seat to be sold near Ancaster ; the good company, that forms the 
learned congresse there, would be a farr greater inducement to 
me for purchasing it, than the hunting there in perfection, my 
sporting days being pretty well over ; but we cannot have all we 
wish for. The coat armor I have gott examined by one of our 
Heralds who sent me this account of it Crckingham's Arms* v. 
Vincent N''- 152, p. 124, & N^ 153, p. 237, about Henry S'"*" 

For my part I believe it should be wrote Trekingham or 
Frekingham, a family denominated from a town of that name 
near Folkingham, in your Countrey, having never heard of a 
man or place called Crekingham ; & in another book of Vincent's 
in the Herald's office are the same arms onely the Bend is sable, 
under the name of Trekingham of Trekingham in Com. Lincoln. 
I have no more to add but that I am, with my humble service to 
mv future Commeter, dear Doctor, 

Tour most faithfull friend & humble servant, 

R. Gale. 

[Within this letter is a loose slip of paper on which is written 
*^ Hero Ivelli the bodv of the rev*** Jos. Clarke M'- of arts rector 
of this Ch. k p'lHJiular}* of Lincoln* who dep'ted this life on the 
22^* Sept. in the 60'*» y' of his anre a". D. 1723, he was also con- 
vocation man for this Diocoss 1700.'' 

On the same slip is the coat armour alluded to above k 
l*ene:ith it *' N. Windo."] 

' ^ At^., two bare jni., in chief thre« torteanz, orer all a htit^m m.** 
Crekingham. Papwrnrth's Jlrit. Arm., p. 29. R. Gale*t drawing of the coat 
in the margin of his Letter given a l«nd ga. The coat de»cribed in J hi pw firfA, 
and attri bated bj Jlmcrmt to Trikingham. Line girai a hemdUt m, 

• Collated to the Prvbend of Castor. 19 June. iriL 


XXXVI. Wm. Stukelbt "to ABCHBisHor Wake,''^— 

H. F. St. J. 

GnuiUuiniy 3 Joiie, 17S9. 
Most Ilevereod & my good Ijonl, 

I received lon;^ since the favor of yoar Orace't letter. 

There are many of my acquaintance bereabouta who have old 

English oovns, in silver es|iocially. I can procure any of them, 

single pieces, though I cannot tmk for all. If I knew what were 

in your present collection, I believe I could add to it I beard 

lately with much concern of your Grace*s illness, k hope yoo 

are perfectly recovered, for which my unworthy prayers have 

not been wanting. 

I have a matter of great concern to open to your Grace which 

at present is known only to God &, myself. That is, I have long 

had thoughts of entering into ()rderi«, but never ripened my 

resolutions till of late, nor have acquainte<l any mortal with it. 

I believe the retirement from the hurrv of a Citv life, k the 

contemplative mood which a garden k the country- di^poaes u% lu, 

have forwarded my inrii nations that way. I have hopes that 1 

can do some M*rvioe to tlir world thi*rpbv. I have ever been 

studious in divinity, fS|M*oiaIly in the imM ab^truM* k sublime 

parts of it ; k my diMptinitions into the biMor}* of our C*eltir 

ancestors, k their religion, have led m«* into them, k given me 

thf* op|iortunity of discovering «iomo notion* almut the IVictrine 

of the Trinity which I think an* not common. If I he not 

mistaken, I can prove it to lie mi far from contrary* to, or alio%-C| 

human reason, that 'tis d(*iiucible from reason iUi self What 

else can we think, my Ixird, of the explicit sentiments the 

antieot Eg>'ptians, PUto, our old Druids, k all the heathen 

philoviphers, had of thin divinr truth, as I can »)k»w in a 

thousand io^tancei? For ^xi% not nfn-^^ry to MippfiM , nor ran 

it t-a^ily Im> provc«l, that they liMd it I'mrn in«|iinition. S» I can 

demonstrate it to U*, moM rvith-ntly, in iIn* I** c*ap. Grne«t», but 

' WilIuMi Wdie. Imni mi HlAndfucI, |i.<vt t«Jl7 . 4iH i;.«: ClMplAia 
ii) Wi;:iMB III. Md Qorcfli Mmrj mn»i |4«Acb«r !•» the ftociccy of ilrmj'm In*. 
Bwhop ot LiDCiiln. 1 70S : Arrhbitbop of Vmntftbury, I7IC Ht Im4 a caair»- 
venv »tih 1^ Aiierliarj on ibr rtgl.u of (*it«Ti«Aii«ia. mmI mtcrt«l into oif. 
rr*|«mi1rnr« with wnmt Krrnch ltthe|« rrlAiivr lo a «aiu« bttwrra tilt %mm 
thutthn. PmUisIk^ ** Kspi<«iio« ol the iliarrii CtiUxkhtm." 4c—ilrr>«. |i. 


not as taken by common commentators, though I believe the 
Jews themselves knew it not, nor coald thej inform Plato of it, & 
the Septuagint translation was made above 100 years after Plato. 

Since I came into the Country, I have found my mind much 
more active than ever ; I have had a vehement impulse to appear 
in the world under a new character. I am persuaded I can do 
more service to mankind thereby than in the practice of my 
profession, for in this place, my Lord, though there is no other 
physician within less than 16 mile of me, yet 1 am scarce wanted 
once in a month, the country, generally, using Apothecarj-s, & 
I cannot be easy in sacrificing the remaining, & I hope, the best 
part of my life to such poor drudgery, being now but in the 41 
year of my age. 

I shall attend your Grace's determination in this affair, & if 
I take holy onlcrs, humbly beg I may receive them from your 
hands. I am very easy in my circumstances. I have a house 
& garden of my own here, whieh I have rendered extremely 
delightful, & all I purpose is to do as much honor as I can to 
God Almighty, & good to the world. 

1 sent lately a discourse to the Royal Society of the famous 
battle" fought near us, lietwecn our Saxon ancestors & tlic {lagan 
Danes, A"* 87(1, wherein your Grace's ancestor, the brave Mor- 
cliar of Bnin, was present, 'lis told by Ingiilfua. Mr. Folkes 
can inform you how they received it. I ha\'e since added some 
material circumstances to it. I will send your Grace a copy of 
it, it may perchance divert you. 

1 am, most rcveron<l & my good Lord, 

Your Gnu-i-s most obedient humble ser^'ant, 


XXXVII, \V. Cant (AKCiiiiibiioi' Wakb), "ron «y worthy 
FBiEKn Dr. William Stvkelev, Dh. or Piitsick at 
Ris uousE IN* Gran-jham, Lincol-vkhire. Free. W. 
Cact."— H. F. St. J. 

June 10, nm. 

Good Sir, 

1 am very much obligHl to you for your kind cnqaii^ 

' Tbi- battle betwe«n the Duii^ and AdsIm, ia 870. 1* Bicntinocd Id tbc 
HFtilimi> Chronicle of Inenlph. in flair'* Srrij^MV*. i.. |il SI. 


after me. I am now running apace in the 72^ jear of mj age, 
k the two la»t Springs had such a shock in mr health, that, 
without the blessing of God upon the ca!«e, t skilfull pretcriptiona 
of Dr. Mead, whom I am exccMvIingly indebted unto, I couM 
hardly have withstood tliom. This last, though not appearing to 
violent in its eflcct, & going much sooner oflT, has jet left such a 
weakness behind that I am reallv but halfe alive, t mav reason- 
ablv fear shall bo worse when tht* winter comes on, unlesse the 
Tunbridge water*, which havo ^inco agn»ed very well with me, 
should now a third time net nio up. Under these circumstances 
of life, I do not much trouble my m^lfo with thuw amusements I 
before took |)erhaps too murh ph^asun* in : yet as I intend both 
my books k rf)ins for ont* of tlir public libraries in Oxford,* 
where I ho|>e they may Im* of more mm* to others than they have 
been to my selfe, I am willing to make my (*ollertion of both as 
perfect as I can : & I havt* surviKMh-^i pretty well in my endea- 
vours in both. I began late to purchasi* our English money xH 
have a |ierf€*ct suiti*, k a tolrrablo large one, both for gf>ld k 
silver, from King E<iw. 1" to the preM»nt tim<*s. I want only 
two KingH Coins, Rich. 11** k E«lw. V* of whom I believe there 
is nothing to Im* had, k I r]U(*stion whrtlier ever any mon<*y waa 
struck by him. Indi*e<l from William the (^oni|ueror (where I 
bt^gin) to Edwanl T* I ha\e ver\' little so that everj'thing in that 
period would be very acceptable to me. I would wiUingiy par- 
chase an\ihing you can procure within that space, or of King 
Richard IP afterwards. 

Hut I trouble you to«i Imig %«itli tlu-se matters, what relates 
to \our M'Ife is of much greater moment, k more highlv est4*emed 
bv me. I eannot but rii«N»urj;;i- the motive^, wliieh I vcrilr 
h«»|M' (iiHr^ )liAy Spirit li.i« put intt> \our lii*art, of entering into 
the ser^'iiv A ministry of tin- (liunli. N«\er wa« tliere a lime 
in x^liieli ue uaiit«'il all tin* :i «•»;•» I. im*** i%r ran ''et a'min^t the 
prr\ ailing in(i«l«'lity of the prt M-ni uirk«^l agf ; A a« i>ur ailver* 
Nirie^ are men pniemling !(• ri'a^^in «u|«t*rior to ftllw-ni, so nothing 

ftcri|iU. Atiil c«>iii«. vLioli arr m tli< hbr»r%. TLcrr m oaTy m wnitta f isliifs 

of XUk U« kt . iMIt iif ibc U'*'^ lUntt 19 A | flbUU uli« Tbc CMM MV Ift 


can mora abate their pride, & stop their prevalence, than to see 
cbrietianity defended by those who are in all respects as eminent 
in oaturall knowledge, & pbilosophicall enquiries, as they can 
pretend to be. I am persuaded your education & practice as a 
Physician, will for this reason enable you to do God & christi- 
ani^ better Ber\-ice than one brought up to Divinity from the 
beginning could do ; & then adding to that the reputation yoa 
have justly deserved, & gotten in the world, your personall 
ubilities, your various & great progresse in all sorts of learning, 
besides that in which our studies commonly terminate ; I must 
upon the whole conclude, that I can advise nothing better than 
that you should come to a settled resolution to end your life Id 
the service of Christ's religion, A: in the ministry of his Chnrch ; 
where your skill in, & charitable pntcttcc of, what may promote 
the bodily health of your acquaintance &, friends, will open the 
way to your gaining tbcrcby u[)on their souls welfare ; the great 
work you design, &, I verily believe, will prosecute with a very 
particular su<M;essc & advantage. You see what my suddain, but 
sincere, thoughts are : 1 write as to a friend, without disguise, 
the tliuiighu of my heart : I beg your kind acceptance of them, 
k that you will be assured that I am. with the truest esteem. 
Worthy Sir, 

Vour very aflectionatc friend &, servant, 
\V. Cant. 

XXXVIII. RoGEK Gale "to Dk. Willcam Stckelet, at 
Qrantuam is Liscolsshike." — H. F. St. J. 

lA>ndun, June tlie 14, 1729. 
Dear Doctor, 

My relircuiL-nts into the Couiitrcy are now more upon 
busyricsM' tlian diversiun, yett so engaging is the liberty of all 
kinds enjoyed there, that I never leave it without regrett, & 
hi)i>e9 of being once more lixt there before I leave this stage 
whereon 1 am acting the part of life ; & a few years spent behind 
the scenes iu tranquillity licforc 1 go lience, & be no more seen, 
is the utmost of my anthitiuo. I allways thought yoar loaving 


the world wslh a little too precipitate, & you now seem teneiUe 
of the error yourself; I wish the new state of life tod propose 
may retrieve it. As there arc Vestipa nulla retrortom, when 
you are once entered u]>on it I should think it very adviseable for 
you to make sure of something; that might answer your intention 
before you make proftmstion. I have been enga^^ more than 
once ill solh'citing no very ^roat niattem for some of my frienda, 
i therefore I am no stran;;er to the diflicultys in obtaining soch 
a living as vou iiiav have in vour ev(*. I believe there is nothing 
falls vacaut that has so many comi>etitors for it ; what breacbea 
of the most solemn promi^vs have* I known, sometimes from a 
private interest, unforeseen when the assurances were given; 
sometimes <Mvasion<Ml by a |Nitent ndverMiry that mu«t not be 
denved. A* twenty other accidents ? Tlierefon', dear Doctor, let ms 
intreat you to con^^ider well l»efnre you emimrk u|K>n this new 
advrnturr, k if |M)ssililo, fn?tun* \our>rlf lM*f«in* you go upon the 
voya|!e. Your rec«>nriling Plato A Mo^s, &, the Druid 4 Cliris- 
tian I{eli;;i(»n may ;;:iin you npplausi*, A |)erha|»s a Patron ; bot 
it is p»od to In' sun« of the latter up«»n tinner motives than that 
M'liemr may iti<>pirr (HHipIr with at preM*nt. You will exrtiae 
my U»in:: ^<i friN* with you upon this ckccasion, since I am in 
Mitiie niiMMire <li*>H wading you fmm romin^r into thi<» great not«y 
place :i;::iin, I am artin;: a;;ainst my oHn intercut in endeavoring 
to drprivr mysrlf nf the plen^ant ht»un I might once mcHT 
e\|wH*t fn>m your citiiipany k cimvcrsation, which I never can 
pnimiv mvM'lf rxtvpt ^mit* g«NMl offer rt*voke!« you liithtT ; but 
my frii-nd^liip ti» \«iu rxciitU any privatr \iew* of my own. I 
havr pr«ijf<*t«*«l tli«* «-i»minenc*rmfnt of my journey to lir almut 
thi* 2*>th of .Vii^uM, A «»liall Ih' heart il\ ;;latl to «4*«* \iin li«*re, A 
nturn ^«ith v«iu aUnit tiiiii*. In tlif ni«aii ujiilr tlie Mrnrt 
vi'U ha\«' ri>iiirMini'«l tn im-. A tlir ::ri*ati of in tlir Lin'^lom. 
\%liiM-\«r li«' i«. ^Ii;i!l Iw iii\iiiLlil\ «lr|Hi«iti'«l nich nir. that, if \oa 
tlimk titt til attiT \iiur niiii*!, no our lt\in;: fhali liavi* it m his 
|«)%%i*r from nir to rliar;;r \ou with irr<*fi«t|ution, «ilio am, drar 

Yiiur uu*%\ faithful! friend A hundile !K*r%ant, 

II Haul 


X5XIX. Wm. Stdkelet "to Dr. Wake."— H. F. St. J. 

Grantham, 25 June, 1729. 
Most reverend & my good Lord, 

I received witb great veneration the favor of your Grace's 
Letter. I know not the nature of Tunbridg waters having ne\'er 
be«n there, but 1 judge that toward the latter end of the year it 
would be very senicenble for you to goe to tlio Batli, Si drink 
the waters there, 1 was once for a week together there, &. 
drank the waturs with great delight, & was ravished at so 
bounteous a gift of nature. I would not have your Grace in the 
least desjiair of a perfect recovery of your health, nor think your 
age so far advanced but that you may yet live mauy a happy 
year with comfort to yourself, as well as the good of the Cbureh 
& kiu^'don). I am sure therein I shall have the concurrent 
wishes & prayers of all good men. You would find, my Lord, 
that those waters would iiivigorate you to a high degree, & give 
a uew spirit to the blood ; there is nothing I know of, of so 
sovereign eflic:icy in the ciise. 

I peremptorily resolved upon receipt of yonr Grace's letter to 
take holy orders, &, shall wait uj)on your Grace for that purpose 
in the latter end of July. I h.ive observed with regret what 
your Grace nioutions, of the growing infidelity of the present 
age. I dare promise nothing from my own weakness, further 
than that p4>rlia)>s they may lie attacked from a quarter they least 
expect. I know my»lt' sufficiently to assure your Grace that it 
will b«- tlic great aim & business of my life to doc Uic must I can, 
for the glory & honor of God Almighty. &. for the interest of the 
Christian rrltfiion. I am, my good Iiord, with the most ardent 
prayers A wishes for yuur heidth, 

Yonr Grace's most buunden Hi most obedient sen-ant, 
Wm. Sti'kelet, 

XL. W. Cakt. " Fob the worthily estmhed Di. 


SHiKE. Free W. (.'ast."— H. F. St. J. 

Croydon, Julv 3, 1729. 
Good Sir, 

Though I know both your letming k priDciplos too well 


to think there is any need for me to offer anything to you with 
respect to either, k mm pers^'sded that at your whole design, in 
the change you are about to make of your profession, is in order 
to your doing more good, tlian at present it seems in your power 
to do ; yet I will venture before you go into Uuly Orders, to 
recommend to you not only a strict &, serious examination of 
yourselfe, &, the purity of your own intentions in it, but for 
your bettor direction therein, a carofull reading over, more than 
once, the form ii oftice of our Urdination, Si (if you ar«t not 
better provided), Dr. <'ombtT*s paraphrase k exposition of it, 
which you may have in b^** separate from tlie rest of his Works. 
Will you fmrdon iiie if to a person so well qualified to read it, I 
add St. Chry80Ht<im*A Treatise de Sacerdotio, printed not long ago 
at Cambridge in b", Greek ^ I^tin. 

I do not propose this to you as «upposing you to stand in need 
of any 8uch instruction, but as likely to improve your own seal, 4 
work in you that frame of spirit with which ever)' one ought, 4l 
every good man would with, to approach to so sacred an office. 

Your Lf(*ttt*r mentioning your tlioughts of coming to London 
about the end of July, I am obliged to acquaint you that I have 
taken a houM^ at Tunbrid;;r for the 28*^ of tlits month, &. shall 
go from hence thither the same day. If your desire be so 
pressing to take our Holy office u{Mm you, that you do n«>t care 
to tarry till the next Ordination Sunday comes in Se|it<niber, 
but desire to U* reixMvi-d into DeacunV Orders extra tffnftora^ I 
will not put u stop t4» your good inclination!: but rather 
encourage them, by ao|uainting you, that I will eiidraroar to 
onlain you in my ch:ip|>cll here at Croydon, Sunday the 20^ 
instant. I ha\«* a xoun;; dfaron who will be glad of the up|ior- 
tunitv t(» r4*<*fi\e prir^t* iirdrr» tin* fame dav, A thrri*t*ure if vou 
re^ve on that time, I nhall U* glad to know it (a^ Mion as may 
U*) on his acx*iiunt, that he may enj«>y the benefit «if IL He has 
a Chureh read\ to U- in«titut«ii t«> as soon as he is qualifiixl for 
it ; I cannot tell whether you have any such prus|iect, or whether 
for the pres«-nt you are not ordained merely ad titulam fiatri- 
monii ; to li%e u|ion your own estate, k senre Goil without any 
otiier reward than that which will ariae both fruin the preacni 
aatisfaciion, L future recompcocY, of doing good. 

w. stukeley"and others. 223 

As to my health, which you are so kindly concerned for, the 
Tunbridge waters have twice had a very good effect with me. 
They do certainly very much invio[orate the blood, & strengthen 
the spirits ; but the Bath waters, (which I tryed by Dr. Mead's 
advice), will not do with me. Tlicy put me into such pain upon 
the account of my disposition to the stone & gravell, that I was 
forced to run away to Bristoll for ease, <fc, I thank God, found it. 

As soon as I know your resolution of coming hither, or not, 
before I leave this place, I will dispose my selfe & our affairs as 
you shall desire, & beseeching God to direct both you & me, to 
do what is best for his glory, & our own eternal salvation, remain 
with the truest esteem, good Sir, 

Your very affectionate & faithfull friend, 

W. Cant. 

P.S. I need not put you in mind that if you come hither 
you must bring with you a canonicnll Testimonial!, signed by 
three witnesses who have known you per triennium proximo 
elapsum, of your sound principles & sober life, & conversation. 

XLI. Wm. Stukeley " TO the Rev. Mr. Ambrose Pimlow, 


Ormond Street, 18th August, 1729. 
Friend Ambrose, 

I received both yours, but the task you enjo^-ned me was not 

very agreeable, Ix'causc I cannot answer your expectations 

therein. Indeed I know my Lord Moles worth,*** 6i if he, or Mr. 

Bankes, who is very intimate with him, were in town, I would 

wait on him, but fur any of the other great ones, I have no 

acquaintance with them. I moved the thing to Dr. Mead, who 

said if the gentleman was of my aajuaintance, &. insisted on it, 

he would s|M'ak to some of tlieni, but if not lie could not consent 

to it. In short I am, A: ever shall be, averse from engaging the 

ministry to influence elections of fellows of colleges, they have 

but had too much allready to doe in tlione matters, &, I femr the 

Universitys will severely rue such applications. But I was 


■* Robert llolesworih. of Edlin^n. who beauD« Lord Molctworlli, wm 
eoToy extraordinary to the king of Denmark in 1692. He poliUilied **Ab 
Aoooant of Denmark,** which passed ihrongh MTcnd tdiltonai 


yesterday with • gentleman of Trinity, t talking npoD the 
ter, he said he believed wo might all of us save our titNible, Ibr 
there were scarce candidates enew for the vacant fellowshipa. 
So I hope your friend will stand in need of no such assistanee. 
Had you asked a favor of this kind for yourself, I should have 
left no stone unturned to servo you. But as Dr. Mead expressed 
himself, if we were to sollicite for even* friend*s friend, our work 
would never be done. I heartily wish Mr. Squier good socoesa, 
& I believe then* will be no difficultv in it 

I wss at Boston, & sorry to find our old master" in so bad a 
wsy. I sm inclimnl to think, upon a demise, you might, with 
pro|>er application , succee<l there, which I should be pleased with 
all. As to news, it*s the opinion of the politically learned thai 
the king will compass his ends, &, make an universal peace in 
Europe before next spring, k put in practice at last that famous 
scheme of Hsrry IV. of France, which will leave it oat of the 
power of any one prince to disturb the public tranquillity. I 
know the sentiments of the gentlemen on your side the world, k 
would have you be wise in time. 

I am, dear Ambrose, with the perfectest re»pect k esteem. 

Your most obedient ser\'ant k friend, 

Wm. Stvkklst. 

XLII. W. Cant. **to Dr. Stckclky, atthk Red Lyok lyy, 
Gray's Ik.m Lane, Lo.vdo.w" — H. F. St. J. 

SepL J6, 17». 
Uiiod Sir, 

You are very kind in acoiiunting to me the good use you 
m»kc of your deacon *s onlerii, k your progn^sne in your nrflee> 
lion!% UfMin the l«>ca diftieiliora of the New Ti'MaiiienL Mr. 
WoUtan,*' amoni* tlie rt^t of his blaspheotouA reflertions upon 

*> Rev. Bawtfd KcImII. vicar of htMUm 

** Th9 life uf WoiilaUMi with an impAftiaJ Moowit at hf wmUAf«. wm 
l«blt»b«d IB Loodutt IB I ;S3 He vTuu Mt duoamnm oa IW ■irariMu s»4 
two arfenen at ibea. Lottdua. 1 7:f 7-30. 9 volt . Svo Por p«bli»kii« thrm. th9 
Bsthiir mm BfBlcBcvil 10 B jtmr'» laipnBnBacAt, mm4 b $mr *4 €l€0 TW 
Momd |iBrt ol hit drfcDOC ol hit diwe^mtwt^ pablialMd Ib l?SU#fBv« mtk otftact 
10 ikt clcffgj UbA thtj €P«l«i Boi brBT IW MCht ol hiM. Thwiipua ht wb* 
dfBirtd to farboBT ooaiof to the C^BfCor oofloo hooa^ or Ihiy 
taithor woold loato iho koosa. He wso aaswwai hf 


our Saviour's Miracles, has endeavoured to expose that of his 
expelling the devills out of the demoniac of Gardara. I doubt 
not but that in your discourses upon this subject you have con- 
sidered his bold observations, which have nothing shocking in 
them but the wicked blasphemies of them. 

I cannot tell whether the church of All Hallows, Stamford, 
be in the gift of my Lord Chancellor, or of the Crown. I have 
little interest in the former, none at all in those who dispose 
of the preferments of the latter ; yet will hazard the morti- 
fication of a refusal rather than not shew my readinesse to serve 
you. If you will therefore draw up a proper letter to either, I 
will take the first opportunity to deliver it eitlier to the Duke of 
Newcastle, or my Lord Chancellor, as the case requires. But 
be a'^sured that a heartie application from the Duke of Ancaster 
will do much more than all I can pretend to. I wish good suo- 
cesse to all your proceedings, & remain very sincerely, good Sir, 

Your faithfull &, affectionate friend, 

W. Cant. 

P.S. — Mrs. Wake received the favour of your drops, & retumb 
many thanks for them. 

XLIII. AVm. Stukelev, "to Mrs. Frances Stukeley, at 
Ghanthav, Lincolnshire." — H. F. St. J. 

16 October, 1729. 

I think now, my dearest love, I can wish you joy of being 
rectoress of All Hallows, Stanford. To-night my lord chancellor 

eminent dirincs. The Ven. Dr. Cutler, of New Euglnnd. io a letter to Dr. 
ZAchary Grej. in 1731. said, " I have read WooUton with horror ; bat think the 
deril has lent him a ^reat deal of his wickedness, hot none of bis wit. The 
bishop's answer is Ieame<l. but seems to be Tery heary. Tindal. (who you say 
appears again), Aeems to me a mure formidable atheist, by bis first note. I 
winh his power may be weakened in his second. However, throagh the good 
providence of Otid, the wickedest of books produeet socb answers as are noble 
and lasting monuments of the truth of the Christian religion.** In Leland's 
*' View of the Deistical Writers," and in Kabricias*s ** Loz Evangelica,** will be 
found a list of those authors who answered Woolston. Thomas Woolslon was 
born at Northampton, in \fit'»*J, and died in the rules of the King*s Bench in 
1733. He was educated at Sidney College. Cambridge. .See yick0is*s LUermrg 
Aiucdatrs, Vol. i.. \k 481 ; UitiuU$' Bihii^f. Mmm^ Vol. t., p. 2991. Bm«m. 
p. 1103. 



wu pleased to give me the living, ihoagb there was moet violent 
opposition from the high church party against me. 

I wrote to you lant post I ho|)e to set out for home on Mtm* 
day next How long I shall stay at Bugden for ordlnatioo, 
institution, & induction, I know not. I long of all things to be 
at home as soon as posHJblo, for I am ever, (though now in bast). 

Your most affectionate & faithful 

Wm. Stukxlbt. 
My blessing to dear Fanny. 

XLIV. Wm. Stukeley '^to Samuel Gale, Esq., at thb 
Custom House, London." — H. F. St. J. 

Grantham, Dec. 24, llt^. 
Dear Sir, 

I received your kind Uatcr, k am much obliged to you for 
remembering me. Thcre*s no room to doubt that Exuperius was 
bishop of Tholou.He, &, the penvon who gav<* the pUte to Booges 
church which standi upon thr Loire. You will find in our old 
historvA thst there was a battle fuught there in tlie time of Henry 
v., to which is refi*rre<l lh«* bringing that platt* into England ; 
but more of that whon I nw you. I ha%'e got the model of th« 
plate, &, shall print it, with an account cif it, wh<*n I come to town 
the last week of January- ; A: I desire tiMi vnu would be k> kind 
as to call on your neighUir, Mr. SIm^^'Ic^, in Petlirretoo buildings, 
A tA\ him that my wife k I |»ropoi«e then Ui lodge with him. llj 
neighbor Peck came to viiiit ine t'other day, k accosted me in a 
very singular manner, which I shall n*|i«*at to you for rarity sake. 
•* FV. Peck saluti** Dr. Stuki ii v. M.D.. A C'.M.LS., a» rrctor uf 
Sl Peter's church ; St. TliimiX"* *V St. .Mar\, IWnwirL ; Warden 
fif till* Augu«'tin Fryen* : <*s|ii* of nniih*rr«ift C'ha|»|«*l; St, 
Mary'« (^hantry ; Pr«*«ulrnl of' HIac k lull. Prtcrbortiu^'b hall, 
S«*nipringhani hall, Ihirhum, A VauiU ; un«- uf the twu mJo 
go%emori k elector* of William Brown*» hnnpital ; Master of the 
i 'alaii^ ; Ins|iert4>r of Mr. Sn«iwilcn'« k Mr. True Ale's kt^pitAl* ; 
k vicar of All Saints rhurcb. All which rhurrhes A cha|>|irls 
chantr}' bou«es« religious k academical, were actnally scitualed 
wtihin the one parish now called All 6ainU [lorn ftvny.] 


What would Mr. Willys, or Tom Hern give for.. ..[torn away]. 
I hope your brother is well, & that your sister is recovered ; my 
service waits od them, & the Antiquary Society. I am glad to 
hear they [woi*d missing], & that I had the pleasure of assisting 
in restoring them to their old station. Antiquam exquirite mat- 
rem [^n. lib. iii. 96], which perhaps Mattaire, or Bentley, 
would read mitram. I hope to call on you very soon, to demand 
tribute, & remain, dear Sir, 

Your most obliged servant & affectionate friend, 

Wm. Stukelkt. 

Mr. Peck forgot F.R.S. 

XLV. W. Cant, "for Dr. Stukeley, at his house in 
Stamford, Lincolnshire." — H. F. St. J. 

Reverend Sir, 

As to what you mention of a dignity in the church, I have 
none of my own but what arise from options, & I have no such 
expectation in view. Should a new bishop of Lichfield be made 
I mi^zht get one of their ver}' small prebends, but as those are 
of little value, so is their distance too far from you to answer 
your principal purpose in such a promotion. I have had so 
many chaplains, &, provided for so large a family, that I have 
had little left in my disposal for other persons or purposes. Tou 
see how o|x?nly k sincerely I deal with you, I hope you will like 
me never the worse for it, but be assured that I wish you exceed- 
ing well, & am ver}- sincerely, good Sir, 

Your truly lonng friend, 

W. Cant. 

XLVL [The following Letter belongs to the tear 1729, 
and was written by Dr. Stukeley, probably to Saml. 
Gale, but it is without address]. — H. F. St. J. 

Dear Sir, 

It was great grief to me not to see you when I was in 
town ; leaving my wife in childbed made my stay there very 
unpleasant, but in February next we are to lodge with yon for 2 


moDthH. I doiilit not hut you 6l many of my friend* will 
at my taking holy ordersi hut I dare assert do man ever did 
it with more pure & sincere intentions than myM*lf. Tbongh Loo- 
don conversation, Si being bia^hed out of going to church on 
account of my profession, &, thoughtlessness ahont religioos matf 
tars, made me talk in a loose way, yet when I was young, when 
I lived at the University, &, for Kome year^ in London, do one 
was more apparently k rvMy religious tlian myaelf. The tmtb 
of the matter is I had never considered tho**e most importafit 
affairs, being hurrj'd too much by other kind of studys. Bot 
when the sweet tranquility of country rt*tiremrnt, &, self conver- 
sation in a ganlen, had given nu* leavt* to look into my own 
mind, I soon dincovrred again the latent sei^iU of religion, which 
God*s holy spirit effectually rt*vived in me : ^ to speak tmth, 
my friend, if ever any |)erK>n in thi^* world wa.« more immedialdr 
sensible of it, I must acknowli'<l;;e the divin«* motion^ thennif, and 
that so apparently, that it surprize?^ nie mon* i, iiion* evm* daj* 
in throwin;; nil)l»i»li out of m\ th«Mi;;litr». A ci^i'i;! nie i^uch a 
vigor of mind a«« to rrach with gn'al taoilitt to ni-w heii^hu k 
length?! in the mont MiMimi*dtN*trini'!«nfrliriMian faith. Though 
I had great faniiliMrity?* with th«* nio«t i*mini*nt di«im*« in Lon- 
don, as you know, ^ parti(*ularl\ with Mr. \Vat«*rland. yet we 
never had th<* lea«»t con\er^ition u|H>n n-ligiou« ar;;unientft. But 
however I alwayn, in my own mind, difi n'«rrvi* a time to con- 
sider of that affair seriously, A whrn 1 did it I wa» infinitdr 

charmed with the lN*autvs of tlie Muilv of tli\ initv. A cannot bend 

• • • 

my thoughts to anything el^*. N«*\t to thr ;:n*at internal motivr 
I mentioned, 1 reailv belit*vr that ni\ •lu«l\* into tlw* antif|uiirv 
of our Druids forwanle<l ni\ ri'l-;;i<m« inti*iiri<>ii«, for I think I 
can undrniabK pruvi*, k nhall «hi>%% ^m*u m |iriiit, thil tli«««r 
religiou<» phiio«>ph«T« h»il a |M*r1t^'t nniinii nf iIn- Trinity, A 
in«|uiring into the iiu-anii h*»w tlif\ oliiain«-il ti. It^l nit* U» the 
happy nvrm^'« of tnj** di%init\ . TIm- nion* 1 •'^m^itlfr it thr norr 
I am eoaniourttl with it, a all tin* otluT little ac^|uiMtion» of 
learning, which bv my indu«tr} I have iiiaiir. »hall only be suIk 
aenrient to that graml puquiH*, A I think I havr niaiie i n nie 
discover}! alremily tluit will U* u«4 Jul in tbi» a^r of efiidrmicnl 
infklolity. [This leilrr i» untinashod]. 


XLVII. Roger Gale ** to the Rev. Dr- Stukeley, at Stam- 
ford, IN Lincolnshire." — H. F. St. J. 

London, Febniary the 14th, 1729.30- 
Dear Doctor, 

I flattered myself with the sight of you here before this time, 
but find I must now content myself as to that till Easter is past, 
when, afler the disappointments I have mett with, no one in the 
world will be more rejoiced at your arrivall. My answer to your 
last I deferred till I received Mr. Tokes present, which is come 
very safe, & for which I desire you to return him my thanks ; 
& till I could see my Lord Chancellor,* which was not till Thurs- 
day last. I delivered your message to him, & after some dis- 
course about you, his lordship was pleased to say he was heartily 
glad that he had disposed so well of the benefice he gave you. 
He told nie that you had presented him with your Itinerarium, 
& desired when I wrote to you, to enquire where you have left 
them to be disjK)sed of in London, a friend of his being desirous 
to purchase one. As for Mr. Griflin, I cannot conveniently 
advance him at present, being under promise for three or four 
more all ready ; as soon as 1 have discharged myself of those 
engagements I shall \ye ready to preferr him, if his character in 
our books will crive nie leave. Lord Pembroke is ver>' well & 
gay : if you go thither in an evening, instead of old musty anti- 
quaries, you will nieet with two or three tables of fine young 
ladys, &, pondered tu|>ees at quadrille. Quantum niutatus ab 
illo ? l^-En. ii. 274]. On the contrary. Lady P. is become a great 
antiquary, k has a cabinett most curiously furnished with ancient 
bronzes, some of them verv valuable. I had a letter a little 
before Christmasse, wherein Mr. Hardy,* from Nottingham, tells 
me he had communicated an account of an antiquity found near 
that place to you, ii that we should have your thoughts upon it 
in a little time, which I am something impatient to see. My 
sister gott home again this day fortnight, very weU again after 
her misfortune, & all the rest of us are without complaint Roger 
is at Sydney College, in Cambridge. I am, with my bumble 
service to your lady, dear Doctor, 

Your most faithfull friend & humble servant, 

R. Galb. 

' See Aatobiography, p. SS. 
* See OommenUtfTB, p. 42« 


XLVIII. Sat John Clerk to R. Oalx.— H. C. 

Edenbrough, 12 April, 173a 
Dear Sir, 

I received youn of the 17th of JanuEry, for which I thooglift 

myself extreamly obh'^ed to you, but for want of materialla to 

entertain you I delaycsl making you a return from one week to 

another till I am now ashamed, but I hope you will bavr tlio 

goodnesae to excuM' m<*, &. Mwve me that I allwayt retain thai 

honour &, re^^ard for you that becomes me. The true barreneMO 

of subject continuoH with mo, yott nuw tiniv I could no longer 

delay writing to you, I nhall communicate what ban occurred 

since my last writing to you. 

Some of my family have been in rvrr great danger from the 

rabies canina, an old woman k child have b«^n bitt to the efltiMon 

of a good deal of bloiKi, but no other ill consequence ban hap* 

pened. I had two do;^ \ory furious in thi^ diiitem|M>r, one about 

a month after the other, which gave me occasion to make aoaio 

experimenta u]ion them. The ordinary medicine* were tryrd, 

but to no pur|Hisi>. I kept them up in a room till they died, 

which was regularly on the thini day, they were very furious 

the two firet dayn, k knew noUMly, but bitt k knawe«i e\ery thing 

that was putt in to thein by a wimlow ; they wouM eat no sort 

of meat, but drank wry plentifully of water. One of them bitt 

a cat, which tunie«l %%on»o than either of them. On the third 

the swellings fell away from tlM*ir heads k niuuth*, k the glands 

of their throatJi, k they turne«l {lerfectly calm, but refused to eat. 

The observations I niad<* on them were the*e, that thi« kind of 

madnesse in men i« aceom|»an!ed with a htirmr at the sight of 

wat4*r, vipofo^Ha, yet there i« no Aueh thing in do;:s. The mail* 

nesse come^ not on ot' a <»utldain, but take« time, *o that s«Hiir* 

times it is the spacr of a month or a year before it wiirk«. TIm 

animals 1 speak of fell ill at the distance of aliout a mi*nth a^ter 

they were bitt by one anf>th«T. I perceive iKictor IWrhave 

thinks it may lurk in tlie bluod 20 yeank Aouthcr ob«rr%-atioa 

is that old people k children may be bitt in the middle uf winter 

without any ill consequence at all, for I bav« known this lup|<en 

balorf . 



We have had a very severe winter, & indeed I had a sufficient 
prognostiek of this, which I know not if you have observed in 
England. We have among other transient fowls in this countrey 
the woodcocks & the wild geese, which generally come here about 
the middle of October. These made us a visitt three weeks sooner, 
which to me was a plain indication that their native countrey 
was frozen up & covered with snow by the middle of September. 
I am fully perswaded that the want of food is the true cause why 
these fowls leave their own count reys, and overspread Grermany, 
Holland, Flanders, France, & Italy, at the same time they come 
into Britain & Ireland. The countrey where they are bred must 
be of vast extent that furnishes us with such prodigious numbers. 
As I was a sportsman in my younger days I had occasion to 
observe the time of their coming into the countrys I have men- 
tioned, & from severall observations know that they come from 
the east, & consequently are bredd in the woods & wilds of Mus- 
covy & Tartary. Here it may deser\'e the consideration of a 
philosopher to find out how they make this journey over the 
German ocean to us, for I know likewise at their first coming in 
they are as fatt as ever, & seem to have undigested meat in their 
stomacks. How are they to five over a sea of above 150 leagues 
when 'tis evident they can scarcely fly above four or five in an 
hour, & that in a day they may be chaced till they are wear}* & 
taken? My notion of their flight is a little new for anything I 
know, & yett I believe it to be true, which is that they raise 
themselves to a great higlit, so that the weight of their bodys is 
diminished, &, that they perform their journey westward onely by 
waiting the diurnall rotntion of our globe. By this hypothesis 
I suppose they may make a journey over one quarter of the globe 
in six hours, & from the woods of Muscovy to us in three or four 
hours. That this is really the case I apprehend is demonstrable 
from this, that if they rise k fly westward for that time the globe 
will turn towards them, for either this must happen or they would 
be carrj'ed eastward with the atmosphere. I leave this hint to 
your consideration, though it never will be applicable to any uae- 
full purpose, but a philosopher seldome thinks anything in nature 
too trj'fling for his enquir}'8. 

I believe by this time you will have aeen Mr. Horsleyy who ia 


gone for London : before he went off he sent me the eopr of a 
Oreek & Latin inscription* found at LangcknUr^ in the coon^ 
of Darbam, botli were on one stone, but ini|)erfect. 

The Latin one, in my opinion, explains the Greek, k is 

PIG . T . FL . TITIxyVS . TBIB . V.8.L.1L 

He desired to know iny o|)iiiion about the first word, PIG, where- 
fore I sent him thre<? or ftiur conjccturen, k amongst the rv>l thai 
it might be read iESCVLAPio. I would be glad to know how mj 
Lord^Pombroke holds out, how my I^rd Hartford do«a,& if joa 
still moot at the Antiquarian Society. I wish you k your familj 

much happ}'ne5se, k am, d(*ar Sir, 

Yours, Aa, 

Jghk Clbul 

XLIX. Dr. Stvkelkt ''to Sami'el Gale, E^., at thb 


Stamford, 13 June, 1730L 
Dear Sir, 

According to my promi.<ie I send you a view of our nunnenr^ 
aft it ap[>earA from my Iioum*. I \\o\ik your brother, Mr. Hi 
Gale, in got home from \m journey. We had a very pK 
tour torrcther. From IVterbiin»u;;h wc viewml the \erv vriier* 
able ruinM of Crow land Abby ; then wc a^i«ted at ci^letiratiof 
the meeting of the cell* of S|ialding. I muM lM*g the favor of 
you to lend me your Cottovicu!», till I bring it you liack at Chriai* 
man time. S*ai it up in a picct* of |»:i|mt, A carry it to Mr. Noel, 
at bin chamlM*r«. KiiigV Henrh \Valkf». o%er Mr. Hnk-anii, k. be 
will bring it dtiMti to me. A ^i 1 ^liuil take |i«rtii' ran* tn keep 
it clean. It'vt»u m««' Mr. N<n*I \tiii i»ill HihI him a Hne gontlemaD, 
he in my jtarinh inner, k memlM*r i»f |iarliament fi»r our Umn. I 
di*sire you mould pre^*nt m% mo«t bumble wrTice lo Mr. Gale, 
k vour nister, k all friends k I atn. lic^r Sir, 

Your moAt afli*ctionat k obliged 

bumble serrant, 


* T^ AaliqaanMi BociMj of Hfttldiiif . 


L. BooER Gale "to the Ret. Db. Stdeblzt, at Stan- 
ford IN LiKCOLNSHlRK." — H. P. St. J. 

LoadoD, June the 13tli, 1730. 
Dear Doctor, 

It was last Thursday evening, before I gott back to thin 
place, where I raett with the news of Doctor Rutty's departure, 
in the printed papers for the day. As they would bring it to you 
at Stamford in the same time that I could communicate it to 
}'0u, I concluded there was no necessity of writing to you by 
that post, but that it would be as well to deferr it till I could 
inform you a little what stirrs this alteration prodnced among 
the philosophers. I find that several candidates have allready, 
&. even some weeks before the doctor's death, putt in their pre- 
tensions, &. made the best interest they conid, to succeed him in 
his secretory ftliip of the Royal Society. The chief are Doctor 
Martin,^ Doctor Nichols,* Doctor Wigan,' & Doctor Mortimer," 
but the competition is like to lye principally between the two 
last, though the lirft of them is not yett a member of the Society, 
having been onely proposed to the Society by Doctor Nesbitt,*& 

* Fnnk Kicholl*. bom in London, 1699 ; EieWr College, OxfonL ITM ; 
U.I>. 1729. Hv Kcquircd fame u kn armlomiit and ph^niologjit. Commenced 
pnctice in CornwaJI. bni Hion returned to London. F.R-S. 1728. Fellow of 
College of rhj'i"*"*. 1'3-. Gulitoniaii I.ectarer. ITM. 1T3G. Harreiu 
Oialor 1739. Elected LumlHan Leclarer. IT4li. Uamcil Dr. Ueail'a 7oniitccrt 
d>Uf;hiCT. Elizabeth. On the death of Sir Haiu Houw. b« waa appointed 
PhTiiciui to George tL Died 1778.— JVimt'i SM tf OMeft ^ Pk^newM. 
Vol. ii.. p. 123. 

' John Wiptn. bom 1694, aon ot Rer. W. Wigan, Hecior of Kenaingtoo. 
He went from WmninMeT School to Chriatcbarch, Oxford, in 1*14. U.D. 
Wl'i. Felliiw of C'ollcire of I'hjaiciani, 1733, when be leaigntd tbc PrirripAl- 
■hipuf Sew Inn Hall. Oxford, and settled in Loodoo. AcconpMtted Ur. (afi«r- 
watili Sit) Edwanl Trvlawor to Jamaica in I7M. wbcrc thcj nartied two ■!•- 
ter*. daughter! of John Doace. ■ planter. Died 1739.— Jfaai'i B^ltf Miff* 
«/ J**».i>«i«. Vol, ii„ p. lil. 

* Cromwell Murtimer, born in Eaaez, Moood loaof L HcctlaMr, ol Toppiag 
Hall, in ibat eonntjr. Kdncalad onder Boerha**, at L^daa. M.D. I'M. 
fellow of College of Phjaidana, 1719. Fellow trf Bojal asd Aadqaatiaa 
Socieiiea. Died 176S.— jr*a*'i JIMI^ OOif*^ itynnia*, Tol.ll..^ 111. 

* Robert NeitNll. aoo of a diaaentinf MiaiatM, waa bom la Laadoa : 
educated nnder Boerbare and tbe elder Albisaa, U Iftjim. M.D. IISI. F.KA 
1715. Fellow of College of PhT^daM, I7». Appdnlad La 
1740, for Are rears. BaUaaajaof U» "boaaa la aaivenn 
17<l.— Jr>ia-i BM ^aOtf^PkftteUmt, Y6L U., p. lit. 


not to moch tt ptrt the oooncill. Doctor Mead hmi ftctod an odd 
part in this affair ; at 6rat he recoairoeiided Doctor Uortiroar to 
his frienda, k lent Doctor Willmott'* to aeverall of the Societjr to 
aollicit for him. Oo a sudden he drops Doctor Mortimer, k 
sends Doctor Willroott about upon the same errand for Doctor 
Wigipm, whose interest I find is chiefly supported hy the Doc- 
tors Mead| Jurin,*' i Ne!«bitt, as is Doctor Mortimer's hy Sir H. 
Sloan, Mr. M. Folkes, &, the farr greatest part of the Society, 
so that he seems to stand much the fairest for it at present, 
though great sollicitations have been made from Court in behalf 
of his competitor, &, by what I perct*i%e the contest is like to be 
earr^'ed with great heat &. animosity. The president is in no 
bast to determin it, i. I believe, if he ran, that he will deferr the 
decision of it till St Andrew^ dsv. I lea%'e it now to vour con- 
sideration whether it will be adviiteable for vou or not to oome to 
town upon this occasion, &. ap|)ear as a new candidate for thb 
place, since the partys s^fm m> strongly formed allready on all 
sides. I do sincerely assure vou it will, as I believe, be to little 
purpose, k no encoura;;ement la ill you meet with from the gentle- 
men of your quondam faculty. I take this opportunity to return 
you my thanks for your good company. agret*able con\er»atiou, 
t nurks of friendship, lately received from you in Lincolnshire. 
I stayed four days at Ix>rd Townshen«rs, k then was releast, not 
without the greatei^t importunity, from the delightfulle^t piaee k 
kindest entertainment that I think I ever melt t^ith in my life, 
k this was the reason why it was so long before I returned to 

** Edwsrd WilsMC, tfrottd «Ni of Robert Wtl»A(. ci ClMd4twW«. Dtrliv. 
•kirt Wm bom ICSS Ca«»u<1 1 ht Johm'B rolWfv. rMnbrKlfv. ol whtik 
bt bf-ramf fellow M D KfA FrliAv i*l follrfv of nirsicisat. irtC Hat- 
vnan OrAUif . i:S.V K R s I MO. Mftrnr«l >tMh. e!<W«« dmughttt of Or M«tt4. 
la 17JI b« «M A|ifn«at««S I'bvMciAn eitraoffiiinArv In tlir Qmv* ; Pfcyinaa 
la onlinarj to tbc Kiaf • and f rc<lcrtck. fnncv of Wa)««. Afi«f iIm qataa'a 
draib K* bwi fbTticiAii in ortlnftrv u> Gr«iCf« 11 . mmI tn 1740 pa>aictaa 
ftatraJ to lb* fnroaa. IUrofi«t 17^9 N«»i4»il for a Ume at VoUiMfbaai tm4 
i«Mov«d to HOTingtCoa. Dorwf. vhert b« <li««l la 17s7. BwMd la MaabSi 
Cbaftb. DoraM.-ir«aA'« R0U tf (UUf^ 0/ P^pme^ma, Vol 11^ p lOa 

** J«da WM m BMCbrmuietan of ib« bif KrK orrtcr and eam#4 aa a aoa* 
tmttfwf with Dr. rmbfTioa la 4ar«i»ct of Stwum Mfninf bia«Jf - fbilalaUMa 

.** Toltaift tijlad biai "tba faaoaa Jarla.' 


town. I hear Mr. Johnson arrived the same day as I did, bat 
I have not yett seen him. I am, dear Sir, 

Your most obliged friend & humble servant, 

R Oale. 

LI. Roger Gale "to Rev. Dr. Stukeley, at Stamford 
IN Lincolnshire." — H. F. St. J. 

London, June the 19, 1730. 
Dear Doctor, 

I think vou are much in the ri(;ht to Inv aside vour thoucrhts 

of succeeding Doctor Rutty. Tliat affair stands still just as I 

informed you in my last ; no means unattempted to make interest 

for Doctor Wigcran ; not onely the great men, but the women 

too at Court, sollicitin*: every body they know in his behalf though 

he is no member, & perhaps never will be one of the Society ; 

nor are Doctor Mortimer's friends lesse active to promote his 

election to this great office ; nor will it be determined till St 

Andrew's day, our meeting being adjourned last Thursday till 

the 22d of October next. Sir Hans, as you guesse very rightly, 

is entirelv for t!;e latter. I have allreadv discourst him about 

Chelsea, iV am sorry to tell you his answer was farr from being 

so favorable as I could have wisht. 

I am extreanily rejoiced at your reassuming your design 
about A bur}', ic as much pleased with the plan of your theo- 
logicall enlargements upon it I could not forbear acquainting 
Mr. Vernon with your scheme, who gives his sen'ice to you, i 
is as nincli driighted with it as myself. He hopes to have some 
discourse with you upon it when the winter brings you to town, 
k to intimate st>me thoughts to you that he has had upon the 
same sultjrrt. I return you my hearty thanks for your prayerm, 
good wishes, ii continued friendship, which I shall allways 
endeavor to cultivate with the greatest sincerity, as yonr 

most faithfdl & bumble servant, 

R. Galb. 

Lady Pembroke is in waiting at Windsor ; my lord all alone 
at London ; he talks of going into Nottinghamahire aa toon aa 


my ladj is releaied. When I know the time jou ahAll be 
acquainted with it 

Brother Sam sent Bernardini &. the other book to Mr. Noel 
for you this morning. 

Since my return I have been looking over the accounts of the 
Boyall Society, wlierciu I find yours to stand as underneath. 

Dr. Wm. Stukeley, admitted March the 20tb, 1717-18. 

Paid to March the 20tb, 1725-6. 

Amounting to 20 16 

Composition 04 04 

25 00 00 

Tliis is what you paid before you went out of town, t if the 
said account is ri^ht stated I ou;;lit not tci ha%e returned you the 
32s. that I diti when I saw you ld»t, uptm a «uppoaition that you 
had paid above £25 to the Sucit^ty brfure. Pray let roe 
know how Mr. Ilawksbec has statin! it in tlie ac(*ount l»e gave to 

LI I. Roger Gale **to the Re%-. Da. Sti'kelkt, at Stam- 
roRi) iM L1NC0L.KAHIRE. Free, T. Franklakd.'* — 

H. F. St. J. 

liondon, Juiir thr 30th, 1730. 
Dear Doctor, 

Our weekly m4«rtings in Crane court brin;: adjimnied, thm 
competitors fur Doctor Huliy V poet an* at present under a per- 
fect silence, except in thrir underhand oprratioiiA. What yuo 
obM»rve of fiedple** nrceMit v« putting: tlirm under «nrh difKcuftvs 
as will make them reaily t«» sci*ept ul any »mall place, in certainly 
true, tbou;;h 1 b<»pe some thai appear for thi«, are »timulatcd 
more by the repuution than the |irofitt thai attends it. Sir 
H. S. gave me «uch an answer about your filing in or near this 
town, as was plainly a ne^tive to what you see m e d to bnpc from 
bim, it will be therefore best to follow your eountrry scheme, k 
if anything happens, upon nocice frooi yo«, I will very readily 
wait upon my Lorl Chancellor in yottr behalf if in town ai tlM 


I thought by the bond &. accoant joa showed me that yoa 
had paid £3L 00 00 to the Royal Society, bat find I was mis- 
taken, &. doubt not but, when we meet, you will be ready to do 
me as much justice ss I was you. 

Your design about Abory is new & surprising, & as it pro- 
mises at the same time both the utile & the dulce, will certainly 
be well received ; but as your notions will not be volgar you 
must expect there will be great carping & picqueering [nc] upon 
everything you adt'ance, at which I am not in much pain, since 
I am satisfyed they will be proposed witli a cleamesse, & sup- 
ported with a learniug, as uncommon as themselves. 

The enclosed having your name to it, &, not of your hand 
uTiting, but seeming to be wrote by tbe same hand as the part 
of it signed Saville Cust, I am desired to ask you if yoa koow 
anything of it, &. am, dear Sir, 

Your most faitfafuU humble servant, 

R. Galk. 
Prav rttum iho inclosed. 

LIU. P. Ulair to " Dr. Wiluau Stukelet at his 

HOUSE IV Oruosd Street, Weuthimster, London." — 

H. F. St. J. 

Boston, June 20, 1724." 
Dear Brother Slukelr, 

I wa.-* glad when our worthy friend Mr. Linton" told me 
he S.-IW Qvou] in good health when at London, of which I heartily 
wish tile long continuance. 

I doubt not you have seen & {terusod the first decad of my 
I'harniaco-botonaltigia lately printed A Kild by W. & J. Iimys.'* 
You'l there (ind bow far I liave im|>n>ved the discown-s on tho 
Boston k Holland wonn-woodi>, whereof I Pinnerly sent the 
s|>eciincns to tlic R S. This has made thai undertaking ao 
agreable here, that 1 am encouraged to make all tbe diacorerjra 

" Thii Letter wu toand tou Lkte to iiiicn it ia Iti ptx^fier plaoc. 

" 01 Fleet, ridf CotnnentafTa. p. 16. 

" WbeD the printing oflloe of W. Bowjcr. In White Vrfart, «>■ Amtnjmi 
b7 fin in 1TI2. k Bo;mi Brief wm gnnled loindcnaitj bin,UHl aMfamiptiati 
VM proDoUd MBong boolueDafa nod printcn. Among tba ooDtribaton wu 
W. Ibbt* for flve BBinaM. 


I can into whatever is rare & curiouA in all the 8 towns k 3 
hsmlets of South Holland, k I am very iM*nHible this is more 
properly what l>elon;:ii to you, whose curious rosoarches that way 
exoood all that ever went before vou, & tliereft»re it wouM be in 
vain for me to attempt it without your s|>e4*iall assistance k 
approbation, for I am credibly informed by severnls you are 
mast4*r of such monuments of the antiquity of th«f5e prts as none 
else in possessor of beside younielf. My desi^rn is not at all to 
interfere with you, (for what doth he that comi'th afUT the king), 
but that either vou mav communicate vour obM*r\'ations to me, k 
I shall publish them in your name, or ;;ive me lea%'e to quote you 
in several thin^ mav be known to vou, k which vou desi^m to 
publi^h yours«*lf. 1 desi;^ to dedicate the secrmd decad to the 
town of Boston, &, there to insert whatever 1 can I«*am is memor- 
able in ii about thi^ place. Mr. Linton informs mo you have 
got very authentick monuments concerning Frii*stoiH* IViory, k 
Fishtoft Church, a!% d«*|iending on the Abby ot Cn>w|jnd. If 
you pleane to M*;ite any ^uch from thi>^* cuhou% remarks you 
have made throu;;hout mo%t of the paru vnu ha^r >i*ilcd in 
En;!land, k communicate them to mr, 1 ho|i9* to «ird«T it mi as 
to make it verv much redound to vour bi>nour ; ^ il% the ;:«*nrral 
U'lirfe hen* it would l>e of u'reat i:li»rv A iM'nrtil ti» the c<*untrv. 
In a word, d«'ar bn»tlH*r« I h;i%e ho Mvular rtnl Ut |>iir<»ur, my 
sinc(*re inU'iition i*» U» aixjuit mys«*lf ■» in mhim* nira^urr a »uc- 
OTMor to you, A to (tinnult the ^o«id A wrifun* of tin* \t\^cr in 
which 1 now live, k therefon* have the<-M reiM»n to e\prct 
your hearty advii-t* A; as«i stance. Since I am reMilvi««| u^ atti-mpt 
nothing of that nature without your special ci>nrurrrncr, 1 shall 
im|tatiently wait vour rrtum, liecau«e of the gn*at ftirwanint*^ I 
am in to publish thi* M*cond dtvad. ^ pre«um«' \«iu'l «1«* n«*thing 
that mav Mop il«» can«i*r. I lieartilv nalitte niv i^nrtli^ fr:f*nd« k 

tlie brethri'n ot thr |{«»\.il S<M-irlv, A am %oitr nti>«t alTin litmale 

• • • 

l»rother A Obliged humblr M*r\ant, 

Ta. BlaU.** 

** l*Alnrk Rlair. M D. f Rs.. vnju ' Bocaaick tmm}* w i»n frnttK" 
IkrWTrr. L4»oi1t*n. svn. Thrtt y^^n hj bis were pfini«4 in tbr " l*ti^«ap^ical 
Trantaciii ni." «••! iiii . vig . " Copy of an aA«lavit **f a ^7 having liv«d a 
eRMiUcrabk time witbuji fuwl ." "^ Mtckiid of diMovvnatf tba vmac* «f plaaU 
la Utu caicfaal ■Uactarv . " aad ' Oa tkt g iawa M ia al ylaais '-^A'tfktk'B 



LIV. A Letter from Maurice Johnson, Esq., " cohcerniko 
THE Translation of the Marquis Maffei's cohpleat 
History op ancient Amphitheatres, translated into 
English from the Italian bt Mr. Alexander Ooedon, 
&c."— H. C. 

Spalding, Bartholomew [Aug. 24] 1730. 
Dear Sir, 

Your agreeable donation to our librarj-'* of Mr. Gordon's 
translation of Marquis Maffei's History of Amphitheatres sood 
came to hand at^er yours of the lltfa.instaat ; & last Thursday I 
had the pleasure of communicating the very obliging contents of 
this, & producing that at our Society. ITieir hearty thanks I 
am, &, as commanded, do here, with my own, return you; hav- 
ing just had time to peruse it before, for it vras delivered me on 
Wednesday uoou; so that I could, ssl did, by way of summary, 
acquaint our gentlemen with the contents of that learned labour ; 
&. showed them how the draughts of the medalls, columns, Cor- 
nishes, architraves, & friezes, uprights & sections, with the 3 
severall curious inscriptions, were Bnbser\'ient (o illustrate that 
work, having before Lii>sius'8 treatise in our school library. But 
though I did not there say so, yett to you my friend, as I would 
to any other single member of that learned Society (as you kre 
80 good to term them), I may put my qncr}-, whether (allthongh 
perhaps tlie marquis may himself hare proved there were more 
rcall stone amphitheatres in Italy than he is willing to allow), 
those other (here, & in the pronnces, whether built of wood like 
the first in time, or excavated out of the ground," as that cele- 
brated by our friend Dr. Siukeler, or if of brick, if any such 
wen-, might nut xtvc uk jtoor Tramontanes to all the same par- 
pom's (tlio Naumachiii- onely excepted), as the rtonconcs? From 
what notions I l);)d of amphitheatres before I read the doctor's 
account, I reuUy thought there might have lieen »everull, &, he 
sati^fyed me w<- had such tilings in this island, at least in Eng- 
land. But I doubt not of what the learned Italian nobleman 
advances, that Colossean Amphitheatres were rare. Let'a give 
him up that point for the honor of the Veronese, whose citizens 

" 01 the Antiqouiui SuciMj U Spalding— B. O. 
" N«v DorcbaMoi.— R. O. 


great piety I am infinitely delighted with in liein;; willing witb- 
out a brief cm the do;)^do to keep the work of !M>nie quondam 
lord of the universe in repair, k even in uiie for manly rxerci^tt^ 
of which I find the illustrious author about IG year« a;;one (then 
tarn Marti quam Mercurio), made a part. 

I believe with you, Sir, some |mrtM of the ori;;inall (ir autbor'a 
meaning mMyn*t Im* h('n*in m» well und4*n(tiNx)« hut th«* liook i« a 
valuable book, &, accord in;^ly, &, an comin;; from ymi, Sir (^ho, 
by honoring ua with your prrsonco, have farther en;:r.itiat4Hl than 
fame oould, which yctt had re|>ortcd well of you), i< received k 
esteemed. 'Tis the projier office of a president in make the Ci>m- 
plimentA of the Society, I am to return you their thanks, &. can 
onelv do it in mv own, that is, a plain wav. Now, Sir, aa to 
amphitheatres, IIildel>rand*si ( *<im|iendium Antiq. Koiii. expreaaly 
aayHf ** Amphitheatruin circular! aut o\ali, ut TliiMtrum hemi- 
cycli fonna conttructuin erat, Ac," p. 21. B.i^. Kennet'* Aaya 
this was built in fiha|ie of a iwrnicircle, the other generally ova]. 
Ml as to make the ?ame fi;;un* a^ if two tlie.itrt*« !«hniild be joyned 
to;;ether ;*' iV (ttNMlwin, in hi^ Antholo;;ia, p. r.<, <k;i\<k the Mime, 
k tliat the amphitheatn* differtHl f'n>m the theatre onely an tlir 
full mtMin d«>th frmii the halt', or a ctimpleat runillt- I'mm the mmhi- 
circle : it resembletl an I'gg. TIm-sm* author^ d«in't take n|N>n tlM-m 

to HH^ount the am pint heat n^s, nr tav wIh-iIiit tlit\ owed their 

• • • 

originall U» the Etriivan*' or Groeiv, but Charles Sti-\en«, in hi* 
Historicall l>ietion., col. l*.*o, r.Ui, li:ivin;;gi%en tin- •^ame dr«rn|^ 
tion of them m% in HiMebrand, but in tlifM* unriU, " Amphi- 
theatnim I«mmi^ Athi-nis •|Hvtaculiiruin ;:ratij. fi>riiia rutumla, eC 
veluti ex duobu« con^tann theatric, un«lf ntitiN*n Ainpliitheatri 
im|Mi<iitutn : Tlieatrntn autem Ifemii'Vtli «|N^-ie « ••ii*trii« turn erat 
awu ru Hi«ii*iiaf, qu*Ml v-^i iditi ap|H'llatuni." a !•!« iinmt^li.iiclv, 
*' Cun^uetud'i eju^ a (tr:it*i^ f>uiiipta «*«t : n.ini eitin .-i^'r<*riitii rul- 
torei* fenalii* 'liebu* •arra divrr^i* numiiiibu^ per a jrn* i tl* Krarent, 
Atlu*nienM*» Iuk* in uriianuiii i>|iii t.ieulum traiiMiiIrrurit. Tlieatrum 

** BamI Kr ifiet. in !•.'>. poMiarMii - Thr Aati<|4iii««'^ R*imr. ' ar. I - fjvw 
«i| tiM Of««k TorU" In I7ns •pfumird cbA|4«ia lo Ikr Kn^livk i^Vaty m 
Lcfburn. wbctv br iiArruwIy nrApi J f*iliBf «narr IW puwrf uf ibr ln'|«t«iMa 
|k»rn M rastlin^'. Krai. 1^74 . ditO m I^Mnkm. 1 7 14 ^iUtfmm p y*: 
Ant. N'u«it.|. IJ^IL O 


Grseco rocabulo appellantes ; quod eo conveniens Turba e long- 
inquo, sine ullo impedimento, spectaret Hudc morem postei 
Romani, ut picraque alia, in urbeoi transtulerunt," & cites Sipon- 
tinus. Martialis "omnis Csesareo cedat labor Amphitheatro. 
Hinc ladi Amphitlieatrales, qui in Amphitheatro fiebant; Itali 
hodic Coliseo." Fabricius Chemnicensis, in his Homa cap. zii. 
p. 129, confounds tbem under the title or word Theatrum : bat 
cap. xiv. p. 14(i, de Porticibus, mentions " Portions Amphi- 
theatri" called so "ab Ampbitb. loco adjuncto," & p. 157 be 
says " Porticus ampbitheatri triplex: in exteriore parte adittia 
nunc cemuntur :t>:xiii., in media xxxvi., in intinia Ixxii." He 
aays Strabo mentions 3 theatres & one amphitheatre in Campo 
Martio. I find no mention of either theatres or amphitheitrea 
in tbe bishop of Oxford's' Arcb»ologia Gnec., but in the 2d cap 
of lib. 2 of Rouse's Archxlog. Attics, I find they bad theatres 
of wood, called ik-pi'a, afterwards of stone, but mentions no time, 
nor anything else of an amphitheatre, though both those learned 
authors treat of manly exercises at the Gnecian games. Perhapa 
then the Grecians, if they really used amphitheatres, borrowed 
them from the Romans, ii they from tbe Etrurians aa tbe mar- 
quis asserts, who haH been very diligent, elaborate, & searched 
this subject tu the bottome, which he says is more than Sarayna, 
Lipsius,' or Monfaucon has done. One passa^re in his book, 
towards the beginning, make.^ me think the " Muro torto," of 
which Lord C'oierain hua a painting, was before Auretian repaired 
Rome & turned it into a sort of a fortityed wall, part of an amphi- 
theatre, & of brick too, & why they as well as theatrea might not 
be built of brick 1 cannot see. 

■ John I'otter, born in Vorkiliire, 1674 ; died 1717. Edoeaied U Oxfotd. 
Chaplain to Archbiihc>pTvni>on. Regiui pToftworot Dirioitj. 1708. Bitbop 
ot Oiford. ITtJ. Archbiihnp of CuUrbarT, 1737. WtMC "ADliqoltj* ot 
Qntce." kc.—Btftom. ]i. CM. 

■ Juitu* Lip«iui. born 1M7 i di«d IG06. Hi Mndied CitU Lawat LoaTaia, 
and in 15^7 vu •ecretar^ b> Cardinal Granvelle, at Kone. ProfcMor a< Hia- 
torr at Lcjden in ISIV. He waa Srat ■ Roman Catholie, tbca a Latbafan, 
aftcmardi a CaUiniit. and laitljr a Booaniat afaia. Hia Nipcntition wm 
intcnae. auribotinfc Mmc ot bia writiaga to the inaptrauon at the TilgiB Maij. 
Hi* worlu wtn published at Antwerp, in 6 vola. tolln, 1S37. Mmomf hla writ- 
ion «aa one ** Dr Ani]4iitbcatria."— Awtoa, p. «U. 


You^l be satiflfyetl^ though I could not wait upon too in town, 
that I ha%'c a jrood will ever to convene with you. Our Societj 
in augmented lately hy the admission of Mr. Pegg,' an ingeniooa 
member of St. John's (^ollege, Cambridge, I think a Fellow, 4 
studious of antiquitys ; a mercbnnt ; k a surgeon of this town, 
& we have every wi»ek verj' full meetings. Our library enereaaea, 
10 that we are about making two large classes for our books, Ac 

I am, dear Sir, 
Your most obliged obedient servant, 

Macr. Jomcaoii. 

P.S. — Pray favor me with an answer at your best leisure, 
especially as to tho Mum Torto. 

Qu. 1. — P.S. — Why has the Victoria on the reverse of (onat. 
the Great*» coin of victoria sarmat., a scorpion in one hand, k 
a palm branch in the other ? 

Qu. 2. — What tape^tr}• wea%'er is this the 
mark or plagia of? Where k 
It is on the vergi* or salvage 
Moses*H miruclesi at the roc 
Manna hhower, Hattle in Itt^phidin, Ac, at a 
gentleman's ^eat in tliifi iordfJiiji. yvV 

Qu. 3. — May nut all the cxcrgucn of the latt-r /^^\^/ 
empin*, aft<*r Carausius*» time at leant, which 
have thcM* letter^ rur, rics. u*N. hicv. slt. u\ be pro|M*rlT read 
Percunsum or Signatum Lindi-Colonia*, £ the tolluwing rL>'. 
bLN. LN. be read I^ndini, as I think 1 ha%e b«H*n the fir»t coo* 

Qu. 4. — Ha.l thi' «f-I;:ypiian» t-vrr a |iatriarchal form of 
g(i\«Tniii<'iil. \ th«' |iii\««r i>t a*|M|iiiti^ ? 

Qu. .%. — N ihrri- *iii h a lM«»k in print an Qii« rivtanu<»*0 liiw 
toria Anglica? <1 i« hi* tuit the name author with While, who 
writ«"« hiuiM'ir Ibning^tiA k, by Mr. if'eMm called C«'int-« Pala* 

Sir, you*l fjv«ir mo by giving me your sentiments in aa few 
words as you pIcaM*, not lo make nj impartiDcnce a plaf ue to 

weaver is this the 

L when did he live? j^ 

ge of a fine sett of xV] 

ck in Horeb, the ^ 

%tw SMUvrl nt^f of Oodi 

Ucii aoc tW am eaaiMMfsr.— A. O 


yon. The 3 first quserys will oblige our Society to have answered 
by a meoiber of whose learning & judgement we have a just 
esteem : the latter fell in the way of my studys. 

The last quaery was answered as foUows, by Dr. Tanner.' 
In the present shattered state of my memory, I cant recollect 
ever to have -heard or mett with Quercetani Histor. Anglica, or 
thatever the fanciful Rich. Whitus Basinstocbius took that name. 
There were one or two of the Quercetani Physicians of note in 
the beginning of the last century, &. I think there was another, 
Andreas Quereetanus, writt something histoncaU by way of sup- 
plement to Marrier's Bibiiotheca Cluniacensis ; but any account 
of our English history or persons come in tli ere on ely accidentally, 
Si I think that work could not with anypropriety be intitled Historia 
Anglica. But after all, if there be such a book quoted as Quer- 
cetani Historia Anglica, why may it not be Andr. du Chesnes 
Hiatoire Generale d'Angleterrc, &c., for if I mistake not, cliesne 
or chene in French is Quercus, i'rom whence it will not be diffi- 
cult to coin Quereetanus ? 

The Andr. Quereetanus living at Paris (who added the im- 
provements to Marricr) about the same ^me with Andr. da 
Chesne the Hi9toriogra]>her, qu. if not the same person ? 

LV. Another Letter from Maurice Johnsok, Esq., upon 

36,000 PIECES OF EIOHT.— H. C. 

8[>alding. ibo lOth of Octob., 1730. 
Dear Sir, 

The favor of yours of tlic 23rd ultimo I communicated to 
our Society, who return you many ihaiiks for the notice you're 
> Tbomu Tanner, bom in Wilcihirc, 1S71 ; died 1735. Fellow of Qneen'* 
Colle^. Oiford. 1697; Climnccllor of Norwich. I7U1 : PnbenilKrrof Eij. ITIS; 
ArcbdeKun of Korwiuh. 172:1; (Janun of Cbmtchuich, I'i'i; Biihop ol tJk 
Ataph. ITJI. Before lie «'M:;:{ycar*of ai^hvpubliihcd "Notilia Uonutica." 
in ICVZ, which waa re-publiihed in I7.*i|, hj hin brother. Dr. John Tanner, Pre- 
centor of SI. Auph. and Rector of Ilaille^. Knffolk. He left large eollecUoni 
fat the conntjr ol Wilta. Hi* raluable aod catenaJTe colleclioiu an ia the 
Bodleiao Libraij, Oxford. Hii portrait waa engraTed M tbe upcnae of tbe 
Societf of Antiqnarlea, of which be waa k Fellow.— JrvA««f>yia, ToL L, Inti^ 

244 Ml8CCLtJtNI0C8 CX>RRK8P0irDBIfCB. 

pleated to take of them, k concurr with yoa for the honor of old 
England in apprehendin;^ our arophitbeatret at DarcAuUr^ Syl^ 
ehuUr^ k Rie/Jforoughj mif^ht be once much more ftumptuooa k 
aerviceable for the design by boin^ environed with a portico k 
oorered with lodgea of woodwork long »ince loat throagh the 
injarjs of time. And though on reading MaRei, k looking oTor 
Bre^'airs drawings, one may, as to those edifices, say with the 
epigrammatist of the Flavian ColoswBum, '* Omnis rcdat labor/* 
yet oomparing the size k circumstances of those cintatea or coro- 
munitys with the Populus Romanus, k this little other world 
with the *OiKai^/vi|, I cannot but think them instances of the great 
apirit of our ancesUirs ; k taking it for granted what the marquis 
has much labored to prove, that the amphitheatre is properly a 
Roman, k not a Grecian building in invention, an I don*t know 
any author who pretends to asct*ruin the time of effoMe amphi* 
theatres, if a Fen man may be allowed to call them so, why might 
they not be aa early at least aa any, being more readily to made 
bv a number of hand;* k the direction nf an architect or de«i<:ner ? 
Undoubtedly for drayning 4 fortifying, driving was used very 
early in every nation, k wi? mny modestly presume the Britons 
knew k practised many long befure, A beside what (V^ar haa 
been pleas«*d to record (if them in his incDUsistrnt tale : wluitfver 
at least the maritime Uauls A; lk-lgiiin« i^ere ni.iMer» of, they 
probably imported, k perhaps much more from farther distant 
ooontreys. And though th«* S4*vfrall monarchyt in ibeir mrfro- 
polisei respectively, as they became Ilerum Domini, took in 4 
advanced arta k scicnci*^, v«*t I humblv cvmcrivr s«*vrrall infrrior 
nations, who perhaps ne%er made a (mrt e%en of thi- Roman 

world, or were but lutr n-duced into the form, or rjllier onrlv 


called by the im|ieriou» Ruman^ pm^ince^, had a ta«t lor arts, k 
aome very ixinMtierable works lieli>re the runque*t of (trerce. la 
a deacription of Italy, pnnteil in r|uart«», by a li-amr«l En;:li»h 
traveller, in 15<H, who w;iji a protectant, tlie title |iftgr i« %iant- 
ing, k I wish I knew tlie author : the hook was Gabriel llar^ 
vej*a, sometinie poet laureat lo Queen Clixsbeth, A haa many 
jodiciotia commeota in MS. of bia hand writing, very neat ; in 
p. 87 b., the author, n*lating Pope Paul IIId*a proutasion on 
CbriaUiiaaae day, 1M7, whidi was the bal year of Henry VIIL, 


saj8 he beheld it, A: so of the ancient moaaments in Rome t 
throughout Italy ; speaking of the ampfaitheatrum, he says it was 
thea called colisa'o, that it was above 300 yards in compasse, & 
there might sitt 100,000 persona in it at their ease ; he adds, p. 
31, there is allso another amphitheatre yet to be seen, edifyed by 
Statilius Taurus, but it is so decayed that it scarcely deserveth 
to be spoken of. He enumerates the theatres of Pompey, Mar- 
celluK, &. Corn, Batbus, but adds, of which there remaineth 80 
little memory at this day that allmost no man can teU us where 
they stood. Oyselius gives us the reverse of a saruatia devicta 
of Constantinus Magn., but draws & culls that a tropby which 
to me seems a scorjtion,* which had been perhaps a symbol of a 
warmer climate: jK-rbaps Scorpio was predominant when thkt 
conquest was obtained, or the Conqueror might be born under 
the influence of that sign : or it might be the mint-niaster'a 
nntiie, & so a rebus, or perhaps I see one thing for another, which 
snnietiiiies will ha[>|>cn to people that will pore on what they 
havLn't leisure to look into thoroughly. However, for the credit 
of my countroy. I :ini irlad that you, dear Sir, on whose judge- 
ment I rely, approve my conjecture of PLC in the exergues for 
Percusi^um Lindi Coloniiv, & have since observed in others of the 
Cuiistantine family, ii about tlieir time the same, & allso SLC 
signatum ibid. 

I am sorry so ver^" worthy & learned a man as Dr. Tanner 
should have been so much indisposed, Si that under so ill a state 
of henlth, unrecoverod. he should give himself the trouble of so 
large an account of Duc-hc^ne, whom I veryly believe to be the 
Quercetan HiMi>riaii int<-ndi-<l by the reference : Si in looking 
into Ab|.. NicliolM)u'«' Engl. Hi>tor. Library, fol. ed. p. 1, 76, 
h" refers (u some account of tbe Norman reigns publisht by him 
in fill., at Parisi, H>li', but I never saw (hat book. I am vcrj- 

' Occo.. p. 1CS, calli it Traphniim, m U aUo ■femi to b« od ■ medal o( 
mine— [(. a. 

' William NicholwQ. burn at Orton, Cnmberland. 16U ; died 17S7. UB' 
catcd at QuMo'* CullcKC, Oxfurd. and became lacocHiTclj BUhop of Carllale, 
UerT7, and Archbiihop of Caihel. He pabtiihed 'Tbe Rngliah. Hoot^ and 
Irirh IIi>t«Tical Librarj : " 'LeKce Uaichiarum. oc Border Law*;" Ac. H« 
alio cDtcred wiib leal and abilitj into tbv Baogotiaa CaDtTe*an<f.— JtartMt, 
p. 771. 


much obliged, frood Sir, both to jou k him for thiA informatioo, 
& entreat vou to add to the favor vou have done me, when vou 
next write to, or Hce, the chancellor, to pn*«ent my nioit humble 
service Si hearty thanks t(» him. I ue%'er ha%'e occaaion to think 
of that great man, hut I wish we had hit long promi^t laljor of 
Notitia Mona^tica. I did niVHcIf the honor, some yeant i^inoe, 
of sending a full accNuint ti> liim of wliat I k my fi»n.*Ulhrn» had 
8a%*ed from detraiidt*<l pyvs iV. goldlN*aten», ^' what4*\er I knew of 
in other |M*r>onH* h:iniU ri'lalin;: to the thick^iwn rrli;!i(»u< li«»u^**, 
Au:., in them* parts, wliirli In? wan plraM-d to aivept a^ intruded, 
& to acknowKnlp* by a Ifttor. A menilier of our Society ha», I 
believe, Iteen aMlipiis to tin* tapi^try makvr, for when I Viewed 
them hen*, Capt. PilliiHl, who draw^ de?>ign«. ^ p:iint% \ery 
prettyly, told nu* Iw briirvetl it might U* tlu* plagia ul'om* of the 
family of Vo^ of HrusM*ls, tor when \w wa^ at that place in 171tt, 
there were M)me of that namr then verv eminrnt lor that M»rt of 
work, ii such arts abroad run in tlie blcMid long. 

Tother dav I had a lettiT from mv kin«man« Mr. H. 
Johnscm, now lVt«»itli*nt nf the Ai«M4*nto,* a^« thi- SjianianN »tile 
him« at Panama ; who tcl!^ mo her Majcftty of >|iain con- 
fern*d one <»f tin* \ic>i «:iivi'rnmcnt> in IVru on agentltrman, whi> 
had had the g<Nid pro\id«'ntiall guift tif a {tearl tVoiii a nrgro man 
(miuk* time his *>l.t\(*, Iml riifranciiiMNl^. i»ut i»f •iratitible tor hi* 
giNid u^agt' c*f him, \s\h'U tht* |MNir genth*man h;i« ri^iiuix^l to 
want. The gentlfman carr\e<l it o%ct K pn*M'nti*d it ti* tlit- 4|uem 
himtelfi A it wa^ vahi«<«l in M S|»ain at 34i,tNli* pi«<ci'» of right. 
Tliis I f.iiirx ma\ ixcit**! ;in\ i»ii tin* Wmiian ducal iii*ni«*, k 
|ierhap<« \'u* ^itli (*li*opatraV, or that whi«*h tin* great (vm^ham* 
drank (|mt*n Kli/altttir* iM-alth iti. Hi« l«'tt«*r i* tiatt<<l tlir l.'ith 
of Jul \ la^t. Ill* trlU ni«' tlirn* [an ] but <»(* da^* allonK^I fttr 

* SpAili pave Kn|;lftrii| tlir Itirmti* ft tight ft rapi-^Jinf n^ipT'* •'■»*r% f-iv 
thirlr rrmrp. «hrnr< mr***^ an ritrn*ivr •munitnf tr««lc In | T.r* iKr A*. ruin 
uCi-A»ii*r*«H| m vftr ta-iwr«rt *«pft n ftnil K.njlftnH. •hirh «•• 0.« flr*i m%r fnf 
onlomal inlefTcU. mu*i riMi)i«sl fr«ifn infrsriiutt* o| ihm trtiy b? U4ii |»*«er» 

* Sir T)iO«i*« (Srf«l.«m. «!.•>. in the t\my «i| Q m n n KrM(«-fli •■><■ d a 
larirr f"rtutir Ml f<>ufili*l ttir IC'<rat Ktrhanp- antl IB lir<* Ibr Omvh ilinrd 
aC bi« b<iu*^ TKr «>r ^ ri»l •irui lufi- •*• l^ ih Ibc fftrnt Arr i-f IC*.* , umI 
tb« MO'Od buiMiiig «M atfain «lc«cr««vc«l bj are la MJ». fbifB 1)19 . ili«^ \$l9. 


holding the fair st Portobello, & 30 millions of pieces of eight 
expected to be brought thither ia specie from Peru ; a vast 
treasure to be layd out in bo short a time. 

I am, dear Sir, &o., 

Haub. Johnson. 

LYI. Observations cpos the flight & passaoe of Fowls, 

— H. C. 

Jany. 1730-1. 

There are many tr;)nsient fowls that come into Britain at certain 
seasons, &. return to the countrey from which they came. Some 
of these come only for food, as the wild geese & woodcocks in 
winter, &. some to iie^st in siimincr, as those water fow] which 
go by the name of Poland geetf, & ncNt in the Isle of Basse, at 
the mouth of the Firth uf Forth &' other places in Scotland. 
Till! swallows & ciickows are liki.-wtsi- of this kind, & some small 
birds which disappear in winter ; but those fowls & birds como 
likewise for food, the gt'es<> for hi-rrings, the swallows tor flyes. 

The wild geese come into Britiiin in October & November, & 
are allways observed to come from the East. The woodcocks 
como not oneiy at that time liithcr, but to most parts of Europe, 
particularly France, Spain. Iialy, A ticrinany, where they arc in 
great numbers, k likewise into Irchind. The wason of their 
return is March, all of iliem go oil' at that time, except a few 
sick & wounded, which hitve been known to nest in tlie^ parts. 

Both the wild gccM- A the woodcocks, by rca.'ion of their \-ast 
numbers, umst be BUpjK»ed to come from very large countl^'ea 
in a northern climate which aftor the month of October is 
covered with ice ii snow. Nature has jtrovidi-d the woodcocks 
with long bills to suck up their meal in marshy places, the wild 
gecsc live much in the ^amc way, but when snch grounds as arc 
proper for their nourishment iire frozen up ta covered with snow, 
it is evident these fowls umst dewrt them & retire to such places 
where they can best feed during the winter season. 

Uow they perform their long flights ti paasage* Mi tbe oonti- 


nent is no manner of difficulty, but how thej oome orer the 
German Ocean into tbc Northern [wrts of Britain will deserve 
some consideration by thoMS who an* curious of enquiry* into all 
parts of nature. Tlie difficuhy of their passage will bi» the 
greater, if we consider in tlu* fimt place, that it cannot be lesee 
than 600 miles ; next that in their onlinary way of flying they 
can like other fowl lie wear veil ^ tak<*n if ctused for Mime hours 
without any rest or rtrspite ; A: in the la^t place, that in their 
usuall way of flying when not ch:i!ie«i tliey cannot well eiceed 
15 miles in an hour, A: it is rven clotiht«tl if the\' can in their 
ordinary wav flv even so farr without n-st. 

I am therefore inrlininl to lN*liev«> that thi-w* fowU i<«)mc from 
the Northern part of Mus<*ovy k Tartary. \. th>*y perform 
their passage over the German <Wan partly liy raining tlinn- 
selvcs very high in the air, where, in theyr flight Wrfttward, 
they meet with h'ssc n-siManee !*p»m the atin<MplM*re, A |iart!y 
bv the an^i'^tance of the diurriall rotation nt' the e.irth, fur hv this 
means onelv thev make a fourth part of the (rlobe, or S'tOO 
mili^, in the s|>ace of mx hi»urs. TliU'« thi*yr journey may be 
performed me«*rly bv lio%'ering in th<* air, but if they flye with 
any AwiftnesiM*, they m:iy «ii%pateh it in much le*M- time. 

That thi< i^ pn>b.ibly tin* ca^* will np|M*ar tnmi the following 
oonsitleratiitnH. I. Tliat the wiMMr*iM*k^ e'«|MH:ia!!y are known to 
fly very high, iV at their tir^t coin in;; mto thev* |>art^ an* 
it were to dnip fr«>ni the i ItitnU. [«ikewtM* it ha« been 
many times that when they are i*agerly pur«ue<l l»y a hawk, tbej 
will take tlii*ir fli;;ht <lirivtly upw.iril». k at laM diia|»pear, of 
whieh I have lM*en more than itntv an e\e witne«^. IJkrwiae 
all other tratiMent fowU, a« tin- it^im^ in Holland, k the »w.iU 

|o\«-'« ev«Tvwhrre in Hritain aeeii*( t- iheniM'Ki* to rt\r. fur 

s«*veral davt, verv hi:;h lt«*t«>n* tlii\ leav«* tlN*ir lialiilationa kerr. 

II. Tlut the world turning; Ka^tHsrd i»n it* axi« «-annoC ImiI 

verv inuch atT^leratt* th«*ir ni*»t!on \ViM«anl il' tliev tan he 

* * 

nuppoM^I to raiiA theiD'teKe* lM*\otii| ihf gr«-atr«t forrr of the 
atmo«pher«> : I say the gn*ati-«t fi»n^ of it biTVuar it cannut br 
»up|M>«ffl that fuwU can rai^* tltt'in^elvr* entirely lir%-ond it : 
unely where it is very thin k it* |«ifier dimini«he«i, the 
will profiortionaliy be the Irsse 



III. Because all bodys diminish in their weight in proportion 
to their distances from the centre of gravity, & the sione mar be 
said of the power of attraction. 

IV. Because there is lesse difficulty in this sup|)osed way of 
fowls passing over great tracts of ground from East to West, 
than that they can fly over 600 mik'S of sea without meat or 
rest; &. it may be added that when they come first here they 
have meat in their stomachs, & are as fatt as at any time 

To this hypothesis thes*- objections may !« made: 1. How 
can a fowl breathe nhen :it so gre;it a height !n the air, since 
men have observed some dilficulty in their respiration on the 
tops of very high mountains? 

II. How can nny fowl resist the atmosphere which turns 
Eastward with the ivorld, above 9(H) miles in an hour? 

III. What nee<l is there to explain the passage of any fowl 
contrary to what is known of the Quails, which often ronie from 
Africa into Italy: there a lorn: tract of sea is to b<' passed from 
South to North, <^ consetjucntly no a>si>tance can be given from 
the diuniall rotation of the Glolie? 

IV. If sucli fowls, as are idwve uu-ntioned, make their ]>aft- 
sage by the assist:<nce of that diuniall rotation, then ibt-v must 
raise theni.selvcs aUivi- the clouds, which constitute » l»art of the 
atmo-ph.Te & arc iarrye.1 about with tin- Worlil. 

To till- first I auswtT that in all pnibability (Iicm- fowls find 
no great tlifficultv in tlifir n-spiration, sinti' c.Npcricnec ttlls us 
that tlkv can fly so high as to be (|uite U-yond our si;:hl. Ex- 
[KTiiiicc likewise ti-tis us (hat th<'y ciinnil Hvc k-yond our si^ht 
uiitfssi' lii;;ht Ik- at hast twice- or tbric- inure (ban that uf 
the hight'si mountain^ in Britain. We are allsu a liitb- in the 
dark a- to the htnicture of their lungs. A how far their n-spira- 
Iton in:iy In- assisted by those musclt^ wbivb in tlicir flight give 
motion to their wings. And next it may be a question whether 
or not thi- nioisturi' of the clouds may ni>t an much assiA tlieir 
respiration as if tiny were near to their marshy habitation-? 

To the sc<.-ond objection I answer as atmve that tlic itmo-pbere 
being nmch rarifyeJ the reisistanee must be leue, &. cotuequeutlr 
the motion, in flying, »lmnger & >wifter. 


To the 3' I answer there 14 no need of supposing those fowb 
raise themselves above the clouds, because these oonsisting of 
vast expanded bodys must swim as the atmosphere carrys them, 
except ill winds contrary to the diumall rotation, for in this case 
they arc carric^d Westward. Tliis impulse we see at times, vwy 
small, k therefore it lavs us under a conviction tliat there is do 
gn*at WiTce nec4*sft:irv to tr:ins|K>rt a l>«xly, hi;;h in tht* air, con- 
trary to the niotiiin of the atmimphere. 

As to the -Ith ol)j«*etion, tliou;!h QiuiU in their passage are 
not pr(»|)orly «iNsisti*d by the diuniall n>taiion yet they raise 
tluMiiM^lve.H verv lii;;h, \ in some s<*n8e mav be said to have that 
assistance*, as we mh* a boat may be carryed down a stream, & 
by that ineaiiH with very litth* help reach the other side of the 
river : but as to the passage of QuaiU from Africa to Italy, we 
have not vet l>ceii ti»l«i what a^sistanct* thev mav have of refresh* 
ing tlieiiiM*lve> on the Islands of Sicily, Msltlia, or others in the 
MtHliterraneaii. A*« to the sw:illow» nhatever has been said as 
t4> th<*ir U'in;; touii<l in holes during the winter, 4 sometime* 
under wat«T, I am coii\iiuvd, from many obM*r\alions, that aa 
flve^ are their prry, vi wlifu our summer putt» an end to those 
rives the <«w;illoW}« niuM reiiioie to warmer itjuntrie^, ^ though 
it mav Im* true that th«*v have Ixvn found in h<ile!», Ac, vet I am 
coii%ineeti that if thev had i*t*ntinued in these ein*umiktances lor 
anv time loii;;er, they had nevrr return«-d to lift- again. 

A<» t4> the return of thest* fowls to the pi act* «i heiiee they came, 
if thfV are n'.dly as^i^nl by tlie diumall rotation, thiir |«siiage 
mu<*t lie »lill westward till they are at th«-ir jt>urne\ s etid. 


ruiiiiT 4 fAssAGK or Fowls m'HicB comc intu BaiTAin 


or THE Hoy ALL Sikictt.— 11. r. 

The di*sign of the disc*ourse is to solve certain dificoltya 
which ariiie from ei>n%idrnng the* vast prugmse which, in the 
author's aci^ount, is made in a vrry short time by bird* of passage 
in their annual transniigraiions from ouuntrey U» countrey. Uia 


Opinion is that wild geese &, other fow], which visitt this Island 
& the neighboring countiys at certain seasons of the year do 
come directly from the Northern parts of Muscovy & Tartary, 
&. must consequently inuke a passage of near (lOO miles at one 
stretch over the Gbnnaii Ocean, there being no place for them 
to alight either for rest or food : notwitlistinidinp which be 
observes they discover no signs at their first arriviill of being 
wasted with the fitigue of this extraordinary flight, but on the 
contrary are as futt then as ever aftenvards, t^i: are found with 
food remaining in their stomachs. As to the jdaces from whence 
these birds coino to us, he Judges of it by comparing many cir- 
cumstances ; he concludes it must be a very hirpe i-ountrey by 
reason of the great multitude of fowl which is furnishl from it 
every season. That it is a couiitrej- to the Ea-tward appears 
from that they are allways observed to come from that quarter ; 
& that il is in a Northern climate he collect* from considering the 
circumstances of the times in which they an- observed to conw to 
& go off' from this Island : for as ilicy arrive iu OcIoIht or Nov- 
ember bcfori- the bard frosts, ii Icuvu the Island when the marshy 
grounds where ihcy jiather food licgiii to lie thawed & covered 
with snow in the eountn-ys whence they c:ime, it is a plain 
indication their pr<igre>se is made fnim a colder towartis a 
warmer elime. A their return to it when they aui then- find food 
again. Wherefore nincc the Northern parts of Muxcovj' Jk Tar- 
tarv are the onely counirey, as he judges, wherein unite all these 
circnnislanees, A which must therefore, as he eoneludes, In- the 
countns whence they ctmie directly to ns, lieren|>on rist* a great 
dispute to e\pl:(in how il is that these birds which at other times, 
even when pur>ued, cannot fly faster after the rate of 15 
miles an hour, shall yett In: able to perlimn su hmg a paAwtge, 
as this is, in m> >hon a time, as hv the plight in which ther are 
found when they f1r^t some hither, it manifestly apjtears they do 
it in ? 

For the Milulion of this difficnily the Author lays down tbe 
following hyiKtthesiM: That birds of passage, when upon their 
designe<l transmigration to another countrie, mount pcrpendicu- 
larl y to a very considerable higlit in the air & thereby gain three 
advantages in lacilitaling their pwsage : first 1^ remo\-iiig 


farther from the Ooter of the earth ther grow lij;hter ; leeondlj 
by arrivin;^ into the rf;;ion8 of the attiiospbere where the air is 
more rarifved they tiUH>t with leaae resistance in their flight; 
thirdly iV prliiriiKilly, hy Immii*; Iret-d from the rt^stance of the 
atmosphere they aie no lonp*r under the iMipr(*a»ion of ita 
motion, A: conM.*«{ti<*nily not U'in;; carryitl round witli the earth 
in ilM diurnall ri»t;ititiii. thfv art* letl at lilicrtv, m> that bv uneir 
hoverin;; in tht* >aino plare. tht'V must be bniu;;ht over differant 
cuuntri(>3i Wi*>t\v:iii| :in the earth turns ufmn iti» m\\% to the EIa»t ; 
& thuH perform ;i pa^^.i;:e all most as fa>t one way n^ the Globe 
itS4>irturn^ tlir lontrarv wav, that in, aft«*r the rale of SHM) miles 
an hour uii«lrr (lie ciiuiniK'tiall, \, after the rate of l)etween 5 4 
6 hundrril mile« an hour in (»nr I<*atitude. 

Now without «*nirin«r into an examination of the truth of the 
faet whellier anv -^urli extranrdinarv i>aH^£e in aetuallv made or 
not« iV wiilmtit einpiiriii;; when* thoM* limits of the atmo!»plirfe 
are in \%liii-li it i« iiii|M)<««i)df* for a bird to li\e either for want of 
air. of a due IhmI !•> pri M-r\«' it from (hilling; or fn-ezin;;, ur uf a 
du«* «{naiitil\ tot rf^|iir.i(ion. I «lnll e«»iitine niVM'lt to the bare 
eoM^i«leratii»n ol liu li\ |Niilif%i<« in onler to <liM^>ver Imiw I'arr it 
may roii>liiif !•• .it}<*r«l tiit* :ei\anta;*«-:« Hhich .ire pni|NiM<il to lie 
ol>t;iint*«| l>\ it. 

FirM, lln- a.|\ iiit.i;;!'* lo U* ^aineil in h'^M-iiiii;; the «ri^ht is 
allti»:;<*t}i«T ini-oii<»ii|i-ral'l>- : tor thr ;:r4%itv «if InmIv« dt*en'aiirs in 
a iluplii-.iti- pro|Miriioti o| tin* ili«tanoi* from the renter uf the 
eirtli. M» tint in a l«-\% in.l**^ iJiMafiee t'nMii tin* Mirfaiv the dim i* 
nut ion ot ili<- \%< ijlit i^ i>iit a \<*r\ umall pirt of thf wliolr. For 
in^tati«*«*. ai I'l iiiiif^ .i:«(.iti, «• uliieli i« ih«' tour hundn^lih |iart 
of' till* ««'iiti-<li.i iifii*: II •l:iiiMii*lii>tli lint thf tMii liuii'lnilth |iart 
ot till- ulp'li ; at J * Mil!' « •! «tanif ««liieh i« thr ]fiitMh |iart of 
iIm* ««*inr'Hlia iK'tt r, tli*- •iMininition of' tlie wei;/lit i« nf» more than 
till* hNifh pirt <it (III* «%liolf ; at 4n mile« di«lanc^* whith i* the 
liNhh pait ••! till' M iiii-luuM ti r lln* dimmiition uf H«-i|;ht is 
a^Miut lh«- .'iniii part ot th«* «hi»le; but at thi» di«tanc«* of 40 
niilt*^ till- Mtini*<*phi rv in u maniHT I'raar*. the air not briiiK 
diM*o^t*rsM*' \»\ atn rv-riii In in ot bght, uf anv otlif-r •riisible 
ap|ietr.iiue. And a«tt»r<lin/ tti iIh* rule of rarilicatioo «if the 
sir, if it hukU on to that diftUnce, thr air ott|[ht lo be 4UUU 



more rarifyed tLere tban it. is nboiit a mile or two Trom the sur- 
face of the earth. For the rarefaction is double in 3^ miles 
height, & quadruple in every seven miles, & so on. From which 
it appears that a bird cannot |)ossibly gain the advantage of 
loosing more than the 50th part of its weight, alltliough it should 
rise to the top of the atmosphere. 

As to the second advantage proposed by their flying into 
those upper regions where the resistance of the air is lessened, 
this when considered will prove to be a disadvauta;!:e. For an 
abatement in tlie resistance of tbe air is in effect an abatement 
of force in flying ; but if it should be granted that it is an ad- 
vantage yett is it one that cannot be obtained in that part of the 
atmosphere where the author supposes the fligfat to be made, viz. 
underneath the cloud.«. For the air beneath the clouds follows a 
different rule of rarefaction from that which is aliove the clouds. 
The doniiity of the air dejtends ujion two cau^s : it is condensed 
by the weight of the incumbent atmosphere, A it is nirefycd by 
the reflected he;it of thr earth : bv which mean.< it l>ocuincs not 
densest near the earth but it grows den!^.■^ & denser in its pn)- 
gresse upward, as tbe reflccled hc:it di-creases, it cuincs at last 
to its limit of greatest deiisity, which I supjiosc ni.ny be in or 
near the place whert' the va|M)rs or ilouds arc rai-n-d to by its 
heat. Birds <lo in all probability find an advantage in flying 
high, but it is not from the abatement but fn>m the incrcaoe of 
the resistance, for the air being denser A: more buoyant, it affbnls 
a stronger spring to the wings in flying. 

The last & principall point, & that alunc which is intcndoil to 
contain a solutitm of th<' difficulty in shewing after what manner 
these birds do |>erform so groat a jiassngc in ini -liori a time, 
namely by Ix-'ing freed from the diumall motion of the earth, as 
soon as they art' freed from the resistance of the air, is indeed 
nothing more than a mecr opinion, not warranted by any autho- 
rity, n<»r in any manner to be rt'conoilcil with the estublisht 
doctrines or known experiments of motion. For boily" move 
along with the earth as parts with the whole, whether there be 
any atmosphere or not The atmnt^idtcre may by degrees com- 
municate its motion to t>odys floating in it ; l>ut vvery body 
moving with the earth will continue in tbe *amv motion after tt 


is loosened from it, without the assistsnoe of an stniosphere, 
unlesse that motion he otherwise altered or destroyed. Thus a 
hody will fall in a recc'iver in vacuo perpendicularly in the same 
manner as it does in the o|H*n air. Thus when a body falls from 
the top of the ma-st in a ^hip under sail to the hottome ju^t as if 
the ship was at rest, ^U('h a liody is carryed alon;; with I lie ship 
not by th(* air, but the contiiiuanoe of that motion which ic had 
with the ship U*fon; it was looMcned from it. In th** sdme man- 
ner if a body fall from the top of an edifice it will fall to the 
lK>ttom«> by f^oiufi alon^ with thr I'arth in it<» annual motion after 
the rati* of 1(.HNJ mih*^ in a minute, iV it^ diurnall motion aftrr 
tin* rati* of some liuniinHlA (ifmilrs in an hour; not Im*c.ium* tliesie 
motions are commtinirattHi to it by the atmosphere, but because 
th«*v wen* in the b<Mlv l^'fore it ft*ll, ^ continue in it whilt* it ia 

But, how(*vcr, that it may mon* fully ap[M'ar, whether any 
motion, ^ what, may Ih* <lrri%4*«i to a IxhIv uii the earth in 
reH|M*ct of other b(Mly<« by m«*anA of the earth'4 motiimn. I shall 
add a wonl or two ron«*ernin^ farh of thi»M! with thi^ view. 

Tlir annual motion of tlir earth is a n*al trannlation of the 
w hi lie frtim place to place, iV conMM|Urntly atTert^ «-v«*ry |»art of 
it alike, A: e%*iTy Ui'iy U»|ofi;;in|j tn it, Hhrthi-r Iikim* nr fixt : •«> 
that all ImmIvs cvnitiiiuin:: in the '^nuw •situation are in lh«* «ame 
con(iiti«»n with re!»|i4Vt to « afh other s« if tin* earth were at reM : 
nor !!« tht're any uay. by traii'^latin^ a iNMly frr>m on**«* to 
another, to roiiinmnieat«* aii\ new mutinn to it bv means n( this 
motion. The tliurnal! Million nut U'in;: a translation of the 
wholf, but a ii»tati<»ii ntM»ii an .i\i«, it art'tt*t« IiimI%% diArr^*ntlv 
an onliii::l\ ti' tli« ir •iitli-n lit -iinat-i*!!* tin tin- lartli **r in tlir 
atiiiti<»plM H' ; «> tbit A li h1\ In-iti;:«l.itii| tri»ni t*u*- pUc^- to 
ani»ther m ly ;:aiii **t h*^r ••! it« m«*lii>ii. I>\ thi« Uhit i>ti •»! the 
i-arlh, alltboii^'li nut in tliit i|«*;»roi* as |}ii« Autlii*r mi)>|«i«4*^. nor 
in munnet. I «lijll Ju^t nK'ntii^n nn iii^ nr t«<<, \*\ the 
ua\, leaving: it n« a nni-r ni.itlcr nf ritmputatinn. In a |M«r|H*n- 
«lienlar Hi::bt li» th«- Ir^ht nt almut IH niil«-« a binl may pain 
Minif itntliiin t«i tin- \\ i «| nt ulHuit i «ir .'i mih-^ in an h'tur. In 
a Hi;:hl dinvtly N«>rth or Sunth, (Mip|M»«in|* the atmo«plieri* d«iea 
not improve its own motion by degrm,) a eunaidersble mocion 

W. 8TUKELE7 AND 0THER8. 255 

may be gained to the East or West. If the flight be near the 
Polar parts & continue 24 hours the motion gained East or West, 
according as the flight is towards or from the Pole, will amount 
to six times as much as the actual! flight If it continue but 12 
hours, it will be but 3 times as much as the bird's own flight, & 
so in proportion. Other instances might be given but these are 
the most considerable. 

LVIII. Observations on the remarks made by Mr. Machin, 
Secretary to the Royall Society, in relation to 
the transrr of fowls, contained in a paper sent 
TO Roger Gale, Esq. By Sir John Clerk. — H. C. 

Mr. Machin has, with a good deal of knowledge in all parts of 
Naturall Philosophy, made these remarks, but the author of the 
paper in relation to the transit of fowls from one oountrey to 
another, presumes that, from what is here subjoyned, it will 
appear the objections made to the transit aforesaid by the help of 
the diurnall motion of the earth, are not so well founded as 
entirely to overturn such an hypothesis. 

It is granted that by the principles of Natural Philosophy 
which now nrenerally obtain that there have been several thinc^s 
advanced in the said hypothesis which cannot be received, but 
the author presumes to think that there are many received 
notions in Philosophy which will still admitt of substantial! 
objections against them. We see for instance, in some things, 
that daily experience^ A: discoverys do contradict all Philosophick 
reasonings ; wator has been thought the onely el«*ment in which 
fishes can livo 6i breathi*, <V: yett we find by e.\|>ericnce that some 
fishes, as Car|)s, Eels, A others, will not onely live out of water, 
but even grow fatt by being kept in wett hay or straw, ^* fed 
with food they have not been accustomed to ; wo see that some 
fowls will bi* frozen to death by cold, whereas others can endure 
all kinds of storms, 6i sitt on snow & ice without the least danger. 
Tliese things I onely mention as more immediately relating to 
what is here subjoyned for supporting my hypothesis. I shall in 
the next place fiurly state the objections made bjr the learned 


Mr. Macbin. A; f^vc nucli an^wem an iiuy in some meanure illus- 
trate what I n(]vaiu*e<l in mv forinrr pa|>eni. 

I. Mr. Macliin my^ that i\w TranMt bv the diurnall motion 
of t\\o earth \< a ni«*<*r opiiiion, \ rontra«lict4)r\' to the reci*i%ed 
principhit of I'hilojMiphv, tor that tht* atmosphere oonstitutea a 
part (»r tht* rarth k ac<n»inpaiiVA it both in iti» annual k diurnal 
motion ; I answer that lhoii;:h tlii% Ih* trtn* in ;;eneral vet there 
may Im* a part ot' tht* atMi«>>|>h(*rt> whirh for rarity approac-be* 
near to pun* iKther, A; <I<m*<» not follow th<* earth with tin* tame 
rapi«lity a« iboM* part^ whirh are more drnM* : M>ine of tb<*ite fine 
|uirtH may fly off or \yv lM*liiiid, acviinltn;: to th<* notion of Sir 
Iiiaac N<*wton, an of the ta:U ot d»nietft when thfv chance to fall 
within the !»pherr» <»f activity of Plauftv If this be the ca^e 
that the up|M>r partT^ of ihf* atini>^plii*rr may fly off' or mix in 
iKthrr, it will ti»llow that tlirrc can In* litlh* ri*!»i!%tance to a body 
tendin:: a^rain^^t thrm. <ut that the wlmlo difficulty will then be 
whether a fo^l ran A\ uhcrr there i« litlii* or no ftprin;; of air, k 
if it can breathe in «uch a situation. Ti» illuotrate the more 
what I have a'lvanf'«N| here« let \i^ <>up|N»H* an annnatical Imdy 
i^t ill a cir<'ular motion, for in^taiuv. a nutme;;: the eflluvia 
near it« Unlv n\.\\ circulate with it, but tlioM* at a <li«tance will 
no wa\« U* affi*<*t(Ml bv tti« motion. Farther w<' niav olrMTve that 
tlh*diurn.i! rot itii»n of the earth ea^^tward^ tlfN*^ not alU«a\« afl'«*«'t 
the riouiU, fi»r *Minietime'« in a M*renefi.iv, A when t lien* i* little or 
no wvfid in the up|M*r re;:i«Mi^, ^ime cloud* wdltakea •low(tMiri>« 
We«tw:inN. No d«»nl»t thi« prtN-et^N from KaMerly wirnU, but 
then it proves that e\en ^>ft A «tnill w imU will prevail .ipiinM 
tlH* dmriial rotalii»n in ih**^* re;:it»ii<« where tin* uir i» \erv rare. 
If we «av that «ucli cloutI« iitii-l\ lio\i*r alMi\e u«« k fb«* rotation 
of th»- e.irtli KaMw.irU ni il**** tie m •«•«•!» ti» ;:i» \V«<»tw.ird, it 
pnne« «ufHeif ntl\ what 1 Uskw m the transit «»f fowU, 
%'ix. that it tlN'\ «iiiel\ ho\fr aUixr, A much nuireif thrv make anv 
<*iKle;i\«ir« \Vr«tw;iril the\ w dl In* a«*Mte<l bv tbr liiuftijl notation. 
If it In* »aid tlR*re in m* more in :• cloud* ^.'oing WrM than in a 
»liip*« Madin;; Went, I answer that if a nhipwan of such a Imlk as 
n«»t to U* atfet*i<^l with Ka«terl\ winds, »lie wikiM remain to fij* 
low tlie direction of tin- M*ai> : now if a »msll wind can cam* a 
budv Westward wlN*rr tin* density and rtMlaiira uf ibr air is 


great, a much lesse force will do where the resistance is small 
from the rarity of the air. 

II. A second objection against some part of my reasoning as 
to the weight of fowls diminished is, that this diminished weight 
would be so small that it would give them ver}* little advantage 
in their flight I answer that though it be true that the weight 
is onely diminished in a duplicate proportion of their distances, 
yett still there is an advantage, & besides it is to be observed that 
the hicrher thev rise the more the incumbent weight of the atmos- 
phere is taken ofl^ This diminution of weight has been observed 
by Mr. Derham^ by the help of the barometer even in the gradual 
ascent of the monument in London. It is the same thing in the 
air, casteris paribus, as it is in the water as to motion & weight, 
for the deeper a s^hip is loadcn, & the more water she draws to 
swim in, the slower will she move. 

III. Objection 3d. That fowls at the hight they are supposed 
to fly, by my notions of their transits, will be frozen to death by 
reason of the cold in the upj>er regions of the air. I answer that 
there is no diflliculty in supposing that some fowls are of that 
constitution as to be able to resist anv kind of cold : of this kind 
'tis certain that wild geese & woodcocks are, whereas many 
others, as partridges & pheasants, have been found benumbed by 
cold, & even frozen to death in some places ; but there is not so 
much cold near the clouds, though probably mountains of ice & 
snow, as some may imagine, for such often reflect great heats ; 
thus we see that burning concaves will melt gold, k convert 
stones into glasse, though their subst;ince l>e cold iron or some 
such other metall. Concave clouds of ict* & snow mav have the 
same efl'ects, <Sc warm at a distinci' the opposite parts of the 
atmosphere; nor is there any necessity that even such clouds 
should be absolutely hard vV solid, for Dr. Boerhave,' in some 

' RcT. Willimn Derhmn. devoted himiielf to philotophical pumiita, mod 
contributed Urjrelj to the Tmnnactiont of the Kojal Society. Canon of Windaor 
1716 .- Rector of Upmintter. where he died, 1735 : bom 1657, in WorcMtenhire. 

' Hcrmiin BoerhiiTe. bom at Voorhoot. near Lejdcn, 1668 : died 1788 

Educmted for the roinivtrj at the UniversitT of Leyden. Refated the doctrinet 

of Epicurut and Spii«o»a, bat having been f^abcequently faliclj acciiMd of 

Ado|iting thoae of Spinota, he renoanced the miniitry, and followed the pcofca- 

•ion of medicine. In 1715 he became Rector of the UniTcMtj of L^jden ; and 


part of his book of chfinistn', takes notice that in Oennanr 
of thoM* hiirnin<; roncaveA art* made of wwid gilded, i, M>me of 
Ktraw. Tlu* Kumo li^KTliave tik(*A iiotict* like^viiie that in liohrmia 
there is a inoiintnin rallcnl INeti de Thude. which retains the iintiw 
onely alniut the middle of it, but the top, liein;; above the cloudt, 
i% !u*rrne &. without nnv ^now. Ilenre I obM.*n'e that it in diffi- 
cult t(» tt* II what ile;;n*e«i of !it*at or (Nild are near the oloud<» : I 
rather Mip|MiM> that the heat increaM.*;* above the rloud« in firo- 
|H»rti«)n tt> the dlMance from the iiun*ii UMiy, f«»r if it were other* 
wi>o the taiN of comet ««, »•« Sir f^ae Nrwton ima;:in>« wouhi not 
furnish M) mueh iiioi*^tun> as to re|»air defcvtA in the planrts: 
their va|M)ur!* w<»ul<l Im» Irozrn, k pn>linbly adhere more. unlo!*4c 
they fell within the atmosphere of planetn, which wanted »uch 

An to till* olij«*<'tioii a^^ain^t thr transit bv n*aM)nof a tlifticultv 
ill rt*Npirati(>ii, that whirl' I ha\e «»lnM*r\«*ii in the lM*;;iiiniii;: uf 
this pafNT, n% to ti^heA living; without their proper eh-roent* may 
Im* an an^iwcr ; for whv iiiav not a wmMJcoek or wild stmttte live 
as w«'|| in a thin air, for a few hour!« e^[Kvially,as in a thick, in 
whit'll it in Mip|)«tM*«l their transit fmiii tlifft*rent counirey« may 

u» |HTroriiuHi y 

\^ to thr want of a due f^prin;! of air, uhi«*h Mr. Marbin 
tak«> n<»tli*r ot', at ;;rt'at hi;*ht% nn duuht it we %«iil i-%»ntini* intr- 
M*lv(*M ti* the r«'(*oivit| notioii*»tV opiiiiMiM wjiii h at prf'««*nt prevail, 
thi« may Im* a ;; ditfirulty : but it «c em «up|MHM* tli.,t tci^U 
at a hi;;ht <*an <«Him in th«* air lik<* a ektud. without ah% UMitiiiti 

at all, then ihr difficult v hiII In* lr<«M\ 1 Inlifir tlii-r«* i* ni*l««lv 


will) ha<k li\4s| in fn«itiiit.!tnfiii« i-«iuntrf*\« but lu^t* ofti n M*«*n tin* 
ea::li* A\ at *;n*!t hi«»ht*, nith lluir Hiri;;^ i \>b<«l. lor Midf* 
t«>''i'tliiT uilhiiiit ariv M-ti^ibh* iiit*ti*tii ; HJiitii i.r>>\i« l>«\«in'l .in% 
|iii^<»ib:lit\ iif eo|itratl:<*tion that l<»wU, .it ;:nMt hijli'^. n«^^l imt 
laUiiir mui'li in tli^ir tran«mi;:r.iti«iii%. A I «^*ti« lul«\ il at fku* h 
hi;:hl« th«*\ «-afi Iriid wi*««l. lli«*% ttii\ |ki%«i).|\ l« a««i«t«-«l b\ 
th«' iliurnal r<*t:iti«in nf th * ::lttlM-. wlit*rt* iIm- ih ii« l\ i*? ihr .iIumm- 
phi*ri*. fmifi till* etHu\ii i*f th«* rirfli »V tti«* im iimlii n: «ii-t;.li(, t» 

in Kl* I f I (t a^if *»t fiirfliiatrv lilt faai^ ••« •*•« -I «.t|r Af t • i|..i€ac 
Bi«r*«tarin !• mu*! t** bate aJilrii ■ li m ktlrt - T<* tkr •llsatrK'iM ftutrto««. 
phy*ic«aii IB K«fO|«. "— JlfvfM. ^ l*a. 



rs THE North of Scotland A.D. 1731. — H.C. 

Pennycuick, 31 March, 1731. 
Dear Sir, 

I beg Icnve to introduce my son to the honor & h&ppyoesae 
of yuur acquaintance. Yours of the 2d of this instant has given 
nie frt's)) proof of your friendship, & lays me under the greatest 
oh1i;;iittons. I find you have made my little performance accept- 
ablf to your iwo learned Societys,* & Lave tiken the trouble to 
make au iibsir^ict of it in English: these are Invore which I can 
never Jorgpit, though it will never be in my power to requite 
tlioin. There are a few things which I should have mentioned 
in iliat <lisscrtati()n if I hud uiider>l<>od them; wherefore please 
to iillow mc to lay them before you for your opinion when busy- 
nesse ulll ^ive you h-isure to think of them. I find in the 7th 
S:ityr of Juvt-nal, 1. 23, 

CniccK membrana UIkIIb. 
tlmt whicli gives me any difficulty in it is a notion of some coui- 
mi-iilators that it relates to the cover of a Dedication. I confesse 
I have no such opinion, but take the worda in a very simple 
si>n>e, >V to moan no more than a neat envering to the work, for 
this may be one of the I'npsidia which the Poet mentions in 
order t<> sett oti' a bad fierfurniancr. 

What do voii think of the C'atagraphoa Tlivnos in Catullus? 

\\\v.O d.-.-- Hnra.-e mean by lhe«- words in 'his thirtl SatvT? 

imniiTilui que labout 

Irati* parie* naiut Dii< aique Pueti*.* ISat. lit., ii, 3. B}. 

Some of the Commentators faney that the ancients used to 

* Svyn'i'm. under CumlicrlaDd. 

■ IU>yal and Aniiqnarian Soeietiea. — R. 0. 

' Ttic vallf at a poi-t'i chamber «eem built with tbc cane ol Um goda npon 
■hem. nini-r the c"^' ba>e aulijeriril them to the capririnoa pMaloaa of tb« 
rliTmini: U'.\-\ hIii curie and (irilie ihem in thrir poetical Ilia. ■• if they were 
tlic caii>r "f Their Mrrililj. Some intcrpretera tiailcniand tbia wall, u a tnilj 
[loeiii-al vail, cxi-rv-) with vax. on which the porta wrme tbclr Bidnig^t 
aaMratiitiia. — FramrU't Mir. 


write their inventions on a whitened wall, t this wall, il 
was to be beat becau5e Dama5ip|iuii could produce nothing. I 
know not but this may be the Henst* of it, vet methinks the Com* 
mentators should havt* iciid mf>rt*, viz. that this might be a paric-a 
sacer in the sense Hora(*<^ tiikcs it in the 5th ode, lib. i, line* 

Me Ubald aaccr 
VoUtA paries indicat utuIa 
SupendiMe |i(»tcnti 

VestimenU mmnt I»cf).* 

In that dissertation I should |ierhap*( havonotcvi that Attalus «a» 
said by some to have been the invent cr nf |ian'hment, bui I hi* 
did not MH*m to have had anv <ith(*r totm<lation than that he was 
a %'er)' rich King. 

I ho{>c you reiH'ived the laHt |ia|>or I sent you in relatioo to 
the objicrvationM the S«Tretarv of tho Royal Siciety was» pleased 
to make on the firfit I S4*nt. It \%a.H not worth his while to seek 
any reputation by annworin;; a iia|MT whtt-h I never intemlcd fur 
the publick view, but mecrlv to tlixcrt vnu bv a kind of Arabian 
or IVntian tale. He will for;;ivc me if I wmii;: him, but in one 
of the nrw5pa|K*rA 2 or tlirei* wtvk^ ap» I (»b^*rvi*d a pam^^raph 
to this puqxMc*, that the Secri'tary ol' thr Iti^all &M-iHy had 
pn*sent(Hi an an<»\v«T' of hi* to a pa|H*r M'nt by a forei;:ner k bad 
di^ired it mi^ht lie nH*onli*d, how«*vcr that it wan refonrd. I 
wiith it was not this forei^er, but liin |a|KT wa^ no dm^-d vp, 
that from the beginning I su^^pectinl he bail a denign to makr it 
part of hi!« Philosophical lucubrations ; no duubt I am in mi^bty 

* lltirftTr. U* intimate that h«* hail \^m •hipwrrrkcl, in a |«aaa«ia W lubl 
for Pjnha. apphra !•» tut ea«r a rrrlain ruttfOi ihar «»l4aint^l a»*«f ■«:* f 
wkii bail lirrn tatnl fr«ini •hipvrrck "f rr| r< M-ntintr if> a I'li-iyrr alS iLai l«-ln 
tbrm Nine t*t ihcni na«le uar ut ihia piciurv lo rinir frrlin^ of ckmrtj 
Chat the J nitrht rrcuver ch*ir loaar* at mem. Thu*. Jmrrmml. >ai iit 


pictarc* «er» hang roaad Ibcir accka. a»i| thrir <»«»«?• mtm their •««fa 
oldiainm. Other* dolieaicd the UUcc to the Icapir «■! that god whu« ikrf 
had invoked, aad lo «ho« tbty faacicd ihrj owfU iheir pr«tervai«n« 

* This It all a aitcahr. for atither were fiir John rWfk't raf^vrv rv^i k^mr 
tha Kof al Soaetj. aor Mr Machta'* ohaervatioaa. The |«|«f tmm the U 

vaa qaila —a «hsr thukf .<— ft. O. 


contempt with him for contradicting so many received principles. 

I thank you heartily for the Perith inscription you sent me. 
Though your conjectures were not the ne plus ultra of everything 
relating to antiquity, I should very much approve of them as to 
this inscription.^ The same just opinion I have of you makes 
me desirous to have your sentiments on this piece of antiquity 
inclosed. The account I give of it is exactly right, onely I can- 
not be positive if it was found in an urn or a cairn. I was told it 
WU8 in an urn,^ but have sent to the north to be better informed 
about it. No doubt but it is very ancient, yett I cannot believe 
it is Roman. 

I thank you for your civilitys to my brother, about three years 
ago, most kindly, he, I believe, will wait upon you with my son, 
being to stay in England 2 or 3 weeks. Possibly my son may 
desire to see the old Earl of Pembroke, & perhaps my Lord 
Hertford. I am unwilling to give a good friend any troublci 
vet I believe vou must introduce him. I sent the old earl one 
of iny dissertations, with a letter, but have not heard from him. 
I am, by the greatest tyes of friendship & affection, 

dear Sir, yours, &c., 

J. Clerk. 

LX. Hev. James Anderson *' to Saml. Gale, Esq., at Com- 
missioner Gale's, in Bedford Row." — H. F. St. J. 

Over against St. James's Church, Pickadilly, 

26 ffeb., 1731-2. 
Di'ar Sir, 

T\w inclosed is from ( ounseller Edwards, of Lincoln^s InnCi 
the worthy warden of the Horn Lo<l;:c, of which the Duke of 
Uichinond is master. It is to get the bearer, (who is also a 
Maxui true), made a young excise-man by your benign influence 
with your brother the commissioner. I am well informed of hit 
moral character tluit it is very good ; &. you know we Presby- 

* Sec jM'Mtra, under Cumberland. 

* Sec Arckttolog'ui, toI. ii.. p. 40, where it in ttated that tlie obj 

found in an urn. 


teriana will not own those of an ill character, far leii.« recommeiMl 
them to the countenance of others. I doubt not of his caparitj 
of becoming an expert officer, & be knows his doom if he is noC 
both expert & faithful!. Therefore pray. Sir, let ine im|M>rtuiie 
you to speak to the commissioner that his honour «iouKl be 
pleaseil to make him an excise-man, k I shall ever f^ratefullr 
remember it as becomes, d<*ar Sir, 

Your affectionate Brother, k obedient M*rvant, 

Jam. ANPCAsoy.** 
P.S. — I had 4uite for^jot to tell you that your brother is one 
of the substTilxTs to my book of Royal (letiealon'ie!* now pub* 
lished ; d: if he ban not ^ot it from the priiiti-r I shall S4*nd it to 
his honour in 411! ros according to my prn|K>sals. U my dull 
memory ! I had alM> forgot to ti*ll you tliat I Ion;: murh to 1 iu;;li 
half an hour with you, my wori»hippfuII brotlM-r ; k pray let me 
know when &, where I can wait on you for that lamlable purpose. 

LXI. From Sir John <*lf.rk, covi t.rkini; his Dts^r.RTATioac 


Edenbr., March 1, I73|. 
I)«»ar Sir, 

I troubl«*«l you with a li-ttrr Mimr day^ a::i>. mhii-li I «up|Hinr 

Col. H«»rM?lry Ii:m «leli%frwl to you, t";:erher with ihrrr #h»|ivh of 

a short I)isM*rta(itin of minr, IV Si\li« V«'|«tuiii. I lia*I no time 

then to make ob<M*rvatit»n^ <m tin* Mtrt't ir\ *«" ri*uiark« 011 111%' 

pa|>er concerning the traniiir of foHl*. Iiut tlx* i'\rlMi|u*-r affair* 

bein;; over, I htvr M*nt you %«hat «K^•ur^-l !«» nu*. f..r lilu^tratin;; 

or sup|M>rtiii^ my li\ |Nithi-«i«. I lM|ii'%«», iii.lroi, ilut I ha«r 

advani'ctl moro tiuii I «-an maintain, A \i-t I am u**x oin%iiii*i'«l 

of the al><M)lu(«* im|Hi««il»itii\ of flu* thin^. || i% urifa^liintiaMr, I 

acknowl<*<l;;e, tn omtradit-t the prr<*«*nt ri*«*i-i\iii prifii-iplf-« in 

philosophy, i^ thi-n-f«irt* I am oblipnl %n \i>u ilial \mu l^•tl<-«'.«l^tl 

my name, hIh'm \«>u ^a%e my |a|rf*r In that |*tnilfiiiah. 

I thank you for tin* inscriptiun you ■enl me, th<ia|;h it was 

*• Vr \m^ l.tJ. ■ 
" Mr Mftchin. 



the very same I was to send 3'ou, having received it some weeks 
before, from Mr. Horseley. I agree with you in your reading, 
though Mr. Horseley seems to stick to his : the word is certainly 
consecraneis. It is to be found not only in the place you men- 
tion in Capitolinus, but in Tertullian, & likewise in some law in 
Justinian's Codex, though I cannot fall just now upon the place. 
It is a late word, but emphatick, & differs from Consecratoribus. 
^vfi^vcrj^ is that which in Greek comes nearest to it, as I sup- 
pose. As to our rattlesnake, it poysoned in the same way as 
yours, i by degrees the poysoning went off. I suspect if it had 
lived till this time, it had neve^ recovered this quality, because 
in Britain neither our sun, nor our earth, will furnish such malig- 
nant juices as it seems these creatures suck up in America. Our 
vipers or adders have indeed poysonous quality, but seldome 
dangerous. I believe the hemlock, & other sorts of venomous 
plants, are likewise not so dangerous as in other parts. 

I am delighted with the accompts you have sent me of the 
new discovered antiquitys,** &, will be glad to know more of them 
at your leisure. 

As to the question you ask me if ever I mett with any Danish 
urns of glassc, I cannot positively answer it, but I have one of 
glasst*, which I believed was Danish. It is of a blewish colour, 
A; scarcely transparent ; it includes a cretaceous substance, but 
few or no small bones. I am allways, with great affection, 

Yours, &c., 

J. Clerk. 

LXII. FuoM Sir John Clerk, concerning Mr. Gordon's 
Appendix to his Itinerarium Seitentrionale. — H. C. 

Edenbr., 13 March, 1732. 
Dear Sir, 

I had the favor of vours of the 11th of January, but ix)uld 
not g(*tt so much timr as to thank you for it, Kuch was the burn* 
of somr affairs, in which 1 am concerned, to excuse nie. I never 
saw Mr. Gordon's supplement till within these eight days ; he 

" Four milet ■oath from CAoterbury, t. Phil. TnuiMctioDt, N. — B. G- 


had done well either not to bare printed it at all, or done it with 
lease precipitation. His dispute with Dr. Hunter it amazing, 
for both what be, &, the doctor, say about the time of ert*cting 
the BaAitica'' may t»o true. I wns out of all patience when I 
found him making romarkst on some of your obaervations which 
I believe were never print(*d,'* but it seems he is one of those 
that would rather Iom* their friend than their jest ; k a little 
more leamin^i^ would make him a compleat modem critic. I have 
been sorry often to obsierve such weakneMsen, but I was so much 
obliged to him for the happy nesse be introduced me to your 
acquaintance, that I could overlook many faults in him. I begg 
it of you not to diM-uuntenance bim allto^ether, but to continue 
to give him |!ood advices, though he may be very little capable 
of bene£tting by them. I ha%'e troublinl you with the indoaed 
to him, which I be;;;; you would allow a i*ervant to carry to bim. 
I see he has helfMxl oH' M>me of his ermta in the Itinerarium, but 
has taken no notice of Minir rtdiculoun things he made me say, 
wherefore I have »etit him a few corrections, if there be place for 
ibem in his Latin edition. 

I had a hotter lat<*ly from Abraham Gronovius, at Leyden, 
wherein he approvf*il of our opinions aliout the Dea Bri;;antia ; 
you know he i^ an h«*reilitary antiquarian. I ho|ir this will 
find you k all your family wi-ll, tliert* being mithing more lH*artily 
wisht for by, dear Sir, 

Your>, Ac, 

J. <*L£IUU 


STAiiruKiK IN Lin* ot..\siiikK.**--H. F. St. J. 

I«4)n«lon, June t>, I7«i^. 
IVar Sir, 

I don't U»\v ti> U' trMtili|<^imf* to inv friend*, «-«iMTiallv in 

|iei'uniar}' affair^, lHiH«*%ir. iiiu«t tn*«|a«« m> fnr a* to dr^re 

you to pay t<» Mr. FmiH i« Vvtk tin* »umm of foiir Uiillinga 

k ai&|Nncc*, |«irt «>r hi^ !A»t i»uUKription to the IX-midrrata 

"* At U«foviau.-lt it. 

** Oalj m%m9i im tW aargui si km iim. hrpt^ wteli I Wal kim ft O. 


Curiosa, which I had not the opportunity of paying him before. 
You may order me to pay the like summ for you here, or how 
you think fitt I have been this last week amongst the gardens, 
cascades, grottos, vistoes, & statues, in our environs^ & dined & 
supped last Monday in Hertford Castle, a place famous in our 
history, having gott a pretty palfry, who is either to commence 
antiquary or virtuoso. Our weather is now so serene that I 
almost regrett every day I consume in Kapnopolis. My brother 
& nephew arrived here last night, I having mett them at Waltliam 
Cross, where the preservative still bid defiance to waggons & hay 
carts, & our landlady at the Four Swans sends up many an 
oraison for the Antiquarian Society. Our town, continuing in 
its usual stupidity is to be relieved next Wednesday night by a 
ridotto al fresco, at Vauxhall, but I fear all things will not come 
off there with the elegancy I could wish for. 'Tis thought our 
mobb will intermix with the diversion, & tlien quis cladem illius 
noctis, quis funera fando, temperet a lachr}'mis ?** Your old Col- 
chester freind, Mr. Jacomb, desires his respects to be transmitted 
to you, as doe all your freinds in Bedford rowe, & none more 
than Sir, 

Your affect, freind & very humble servant, 

Saml. Gale. 

LXIV. From Sir John Clerk *'to K. Gale about the 
Extract of ms dissertation de Stylis Veterum, Earl 
OF Pembroke's Statues, A: some Bracelets of Gold 
FOUND IN Scotland." — H. C. 

Edenbr., Aug. the 6th, 1732. 
Dear Sir, 

I had the fav(»r of yours of the 20th of June, &, am much 
cibliged to you for the |ia|K*rs & prints you Mfnt me by the c:irrier, 
A: |)articularly for tlie abstract of my dis8i*rUaion'* do Stylis Vete- 
rum. I was ashamed you should have been putt to any trouble 
al>out that trifle, but I confesse since I was to have an inter]>reter| 

^ Quit cladem illioi noctit, qnU fuocrm faodu 

Explioet ? aut poMit lacrjmM nqoare Uborea.^ I'iiy., JEn. ii. Jl61. 
** Bead before Uie Rojal tiocietj, ▼. Philoa. Trana. N. 420.~B. Q. 

26r» )ii8CELLAyi:orK (*oKRi>(po>rDKycB. 

I couW not pov»il)ly bftve falloii into Iteiter hmndu than your% kc. 
I am no lt*j»e obli^<»(l to you for the print* of my Uml Pfmbn>kc*n 
collciHion of statues ; tho outlin<»A are done well rnoufrh. but the 
whole colU»otion of anliijiiitys ili»^»rv<» Ix^tter treatment. I h.ive 
lately seen the collection t>r the Kin;: of Pni\Aia*!» antiquity^ in 3 
voN. fol.y (lone in a K'ientifi<*k w:iy, which is \a«tly iin|»ro\in^ 
Si diverting:, but I do nf»t think they d«>M*rve m) well <if tin* pub- 
lick an my Lord IVmbrokcN, it uny ^nmI hand would undertake 
tlicni. I wi^h you would do it, A; I think yuu mi^ht ;:ett a^if^ 
tanee from vour friends a^ much a^ vou «*«>uld dcHre, for instance. 
•4*verall thin;;^ may occurr to m«* u|)od M>mc of theiM> statue*, 
which mi^ht lie^mitt«Nl to you ai% niemoraiidum«. I dare 
M%' the book would m*IL Al do Intnor to %-ourM.df <!lL countrvv, if in 

Since m%* hist to %'ou, I have S4*en two other bra c«>leti« of «; old. 
and a large rin;;, found on the dra\nin;! of a lake, or {art «»f it 
There are no lt*tters or iDMrri|>ti<»n, 4 the make i% \er\ cluin«y. 
Each bracelet is in weight six or S4*\en guinnea«, Si their sha|ie 
of two pi(*C4*s of ;;old t%%'i«te«l. Tlie rin;* i% large Sl aUmt a 
guinnea in wei::ht. It Ni?n)«» our an(e»t4>r» ha\e had m«»n> gokl 
than »»il\er. Si in«leeil there an' m'v« ral |»lac«*s in »S*otland where 
th4*re has lMH*n much di^'gin;; tor ::«i|«l. 

I have had the rurii>«it\ to coh*id«T the nature ot' tin ni, A 
allways found them ju^t the ^a^)•• witli th«»M* tin- Km|M-ror h4« «>n 
IIm* U»rdern of Hungary, at two plarv-n, Nitria \ l*re%burg. 
llieM*, like ours, conM»t of a vein «»r Mratum of sami A gra%el, 
which, lieing brought U|> soinr fathom* from U-hiw ground A 
wa*h<tl, produiv the golil in vcr\ *niill |Mrti«h**. The dirtereiif-e 
oiirU li«*lwcvn th«-ir ^tr.iti A oiii« i* th ii ftir« 'n- |«*«*r. th* ir« 
rii-h. < told nia\ U* ;:oll hvrv jii-l i» l-'ftif t!\ . A .n ilf** 
plenty, but thr difft rentv l\e« in *lii*. that «>ur |«-t>|.|f wlio;:aflHT 
it now, (*annot for thnr he.irt« ni.ike al«*%r twi> |«-nit* ad.i\, 
wh«*reav ill lurni* r time*, pani«*l« « oi ^^iild t«» t)t« \j|ii« «.t two 
fientv wcDt a gn*at «a\ in lil«-, |fr .daiul !.'»<' \rar« a,.i* Kiit* 
cuuld U'ttrr li%e «in a |i«*nn\ a d.iy than now on «i\|i«tM«'. I »}.u!l 
be glad to iM*ar fn*m >ou at \our o>n%rni«*n«'«*, A am e%ir, >ir. 

Your moi^t faitlilull hunibtr sen ant, 

J. < LCM. 


LXV. R. Gale ** to the Rev. Dr. Stukeley, at Stamford, 
IN Lincolnshire. Free, L. Smelt." — H. F. St. J. 

London, Decemb. the 2nd, 1732. 
Dear Doctor, 

It is long since I had the pleasure of hearing of your good 
health, I think never since the disappointment I received of your 
good company at Cottenham. I hope the gout is not gott into 
your hand. I was last Tuesday night with old Carvilius,*^ as 
hearty & well as ever you knew hi in. He was alone, & I spent 
the evening till ten very agreeably with him. He showed me 
all his medalls engraved in 5 large vols, q*"- upon 300 plates, a 
most surprising sight for number A: value. I hope he will pub- 
lish tbem for the honor of himself & the nation, for I am sure 
there are not tbree such collections in Europe. He has much 
impaired the beauty of the plates by scribbling his observations 
among the medalls, & having them engraved just as he wrote 
them in his own hand, spelling, &, expression, which are not 
allway> very plain, true, & clear. However, the work is so 
curious, «S^ valuable, that we ought to pardon all these defects if 
we can but have the medalls publisht, for they, I believe, from 
what I have observed, are pretty truly taken, & were all drawn 
by Si^rnor Havm's"* own hand. Tlie crrcatest difficulty as to their 
publication is that 100 of the plates are irretrievably lost ; when 
that ^rentleman dytni most of them were in his hands ; the widow 
had sold or pawned great part of them since, Keverall have 
lieen traced to the brasier's furnace ; but by good fortune my 
lonl has recovered two in tire impressions of the whole, & I 
left him under a resolution of having the 100 plates wanting to 
be rein^^ravt'd from their draughts in his hands. His lordship 
has made an addition of four plates more to his book of Statues, 
iV a new title page; he has given tlu*m to me to be conveyed to 
you, which I shall take care to do by the first op|)ortanity ; &. 

have promist for vou, that you hhall not onelv add the four new 
I • • • 

statues to your book, but that you shall di*stroy the old tttle-|mge, 
^ tix that which he now sends you in its place ; otherwise you 
must have returned vour book to London. 

*' Lord Pembroke.— R. Q. 
*• Sec page 134. 


My siVtor joyns with ine in be^t tfi*r\'icoft to your lidy k mi 
She ho|>eii you will brin;^ both to town aftt-r Xmasse. Prmy let 
your sorvunt deliver tlie two inrloxHl as din*cted, from, d«sr 

Your nio>t faithftill fririid &. humble aerviDt, 

K. Gaul 

LX VI. Extract of a Lettck kkom Sih J. Clehk tu It. Gale, 


Bp. Burnetts Himury of ms Life and TiMEii, kc, — 

H. C. 

Edenb., 10 Feb., 173i-3. 

I waA nii;;lity Mirry to lii*ar that our pxnl old friend the 
Earl of Peinbroki* \%a» anion;; tin* nuinUr ot our dead acquaio- 
tanc4'>. We have lo!«t hm* all (»nr ^<*ry old iHiipIt* k i*ome weak 
rhildmi, but no Unly «'Im* in thr lul«* ;;i*niTaII diMeni|ier.'* Tba 
earl was crrtainly u harnile>'»c, uortliy man, \ had been a gri*at 
proniotiT of v«*rtuc \ Irarnin;;. I wisth hi^ »uciv»»or may prove 
DO worM*, A; that he w<}uld take ran.* «>f the many valuable things 
which niv lord, hi» t'atlKT, h*ft U*liind him. Prav be mi kind a» 
to let mv know what yoii «-\|iin't ot* him. I have n«it the h«»nor 
to know him, but wa*« int«>rniit| uhen in I^ithl«>n that lie had an 
cxitfllent U%nW in unhitit-tun-. 

I return vou a thou^md thanks t<ir the a(-ri»unt \uu M-nt me 
of th«* inMTi|ition at Nedu-rby. Y«>ur ti|iini<in« in tlM-«c nutter* 
an* my ultimatum, tor ii«»ihin;: < an l*e add<<d Uf tlie in|^*niou» 
dissertation" you ha\e M*nt m«- u|m)Ii thi% «ulji*i-t. 

E%<'r\ da\ I liKik ii|N*ti «iir)i ihin-*% I i .iiinut but n*rif'«-t how 
wondeilulU u«* ari' oli|i;^i«l to ili«- Ibtntan*, wlm l«-tt u* m> mueh 
matter tor iMir enl« rtaiitiiM itt. A li:i\c iiijii\ tinu-^ Hi^hi^l tliai 
me mi;:ht do mere of ihi^ kintl f«>i ihi- eiittrt linnietit ot our |i 

** An rpilrmiral r<'l<1 llai •|>*ia I a'l tivrr Kurw|< ai Iksl iiate — >a U. 
An inllurrit* i-rttailnt »lii«-ti ft « tm ^i^^l . m* ikat U tttrvn J«fi««r7 13f4 
•ad JiNh. I7.U. nvmt'y I *^>i |« r» it* tlirl is U«<t«ia aiwl U'c»taiiii*tct ^B0fU*$ 

#lf«« Wlr^A Itmtmrf ^ 7%* 

* Till* l».Mcrutioii «M il.c •al«i»i*rT t>f two letter* to Mr llok Caj. •• 
tkc ColMMi MiUiarM.-IL U. 


terity than commonly we do. It were likewise much to be wisbed 
that some militarv men in our days had as great a reguard to the 
Eternal & Allmighty Being as tbev bad. But I am afriiid an 
army of Protestants might travel through the whole world with- 
out leading one monument behind them, whether or not they had 
been Christians. 

I much rejoice to hear that Bishop Burnett's second vol. is 
shortly to be printccl. I proiK>se great entertaiiinieiit from it, as 
being in sonic things a newer kind of romance than I can meet 
with elsewhere. Pardon me if I think my worthy countrj'man 
had a great dasii of the (lid woman in his MinijH>siriun; he had 
likewise something of T. Gordon's pride, & our friend Sandy 
Gordon's weakiicsse & want of judgouifut. 

There 19 an essay printing here demonstrating that our 
highland language in the true Celtiok, & that many Greek ii Latin 
words are ilerived from it. Tlio discoverys, I own, are |>retty 
curious, but the author cnrrys the point a little too fiirr, by pre- 
tending that the ci-ltick is mure ancient than the Hebrew. When 
it comes out I will )>e sure to send it to you : some things yoa 
will think too farr driven. A: other things admirable for their 
correspondence with our jin-sent Celtiik. 

I am, dear Sir, yours, 

J. Clerk. 

AS1» FnlCTIOS, BY Sill. .1. IIOR^ELEY. — H, (', 

Mor|ieth, 12 June, 1731. 

I have lie:itd a;:ain from oM Penrith,-' A now find that all 
agre«- tlie donbtfull li-tter to \h' a G, but it is onely single, ii nut 
the least cvidi-iiiedf any more letters iN-twocn it iV (he following D. 
I hiiiletl to von iu my laM that s«inH-thiiig had wci-urreil to mc 
with res[M'ct t<i the nature of friction, which I intenditl to com- 
municate to you. I have had no time ti» enlarge or repeat my 
cx|>eritnents, A tberefnre am oblijii-d to give you a short account 
of an cxjNTinient or two made Mime years a;:ii, tV will) no |>ar- 
ticular view to thu nature of friction. 
" V. fnttt* under Cvmberland. 

ilo Mt:^*p.ujiseors cooresposdekcc 

My (ieni^ \v:\% tn confirm Si illu<«trate the several proponition* 
relating to tho di^^Tnt of heavy iMMlyt. In order lo thU I ron- 
trivtil i iiHO*! a niniph* in^^truinent, the »hape whereof in repn*- 
nentefl in thi* fullowin^ fi^jure, A the proportion of th«* !»e%*enill 
partH expre^l l»y th«' ntiniU'rH annext. TliiH ex|iennient is p«T- 
furmiHl hv l«*ttin;; two «Miuall ivorv hall^ l>eirin tlieir motion in a 
gr(M)ve, <|o\\n th«* two liy|N>thenU'«i*H, or any pro|NirtioiiaMe parts 
of thrin, in the ^irne moment; for tbiit l»ein:; donr, tliev r«*arh 
%( rap M^iin^^t tlic «>lj>tarlr (inarke<l a) in the s;imf* instant. 

Thi<« in<«trninefit wa** in ide of common fir, «L frame«l by a 
countrev workman, m) tliat I ha<l Mifficent rcaiMin lo «»i)«|ii*«*t tlic 
frictron uoulil In* \«Ty riin^iih'ralile, A that it woiiM not lN*t*«|iiall 
ii uniform in evrry part t»f th«* f^riMixe. For thi** n*:i«4in I hiokeil 
ll|Min the Mirce^M* of ther.\|K*rinienl an %ery douhtfull & priH-aritius 
wbic'li yet u|M»n rrptMti^l trialU an«»wercd with an e\artn«*«iM* that 
surpri<M*<i tiw. It th*- halN werx* earh Irt ^o Irotn Ji\i«i«»nA su 
near the bottom* of thr ini*lin(*il plane;^. that the |ort-«* ai^|uired 
hx tin* <l«*M-i*nt ^« .1^ MMrr«* «ntKi*icnt t<» tiiiKpiiT tli«* fiji tii*ii in the 
b«>rixi> plan«-, ^«> a« to hrin;* them up to thr ol»%r u !«•. \«t in 
tbi« raM* th<* motion in JNith lislN ci*a««'<i neurl\ in tin* kiuio 
inMatit ; Imm hfn«*«- it i«i*\iilt*nt that in thi% ra^- iht* ri*«i«tance 
JL h»«M* «if motion ari^in;: from the frirti«»n, i« pro|Mirt:ftn ihh* to 
the \rloeitv with uhi«-h. A the Miati' throu;:h nliii-h, itit* Imtlv* 
nio\f. ( *<ir)Mtri«. 4 ni tr«i«tiliir, in rations vi-Iim •i.iii«, nt«*tu« ex 
riHi^trtitMi ami^^n* t«t. iit ^pitiiim m<>\fn(io (-i*rif<*< tum.^ 

I <.rilerf*<l thn*«' inrtnn'*! ptari<-« !•* \h* macl«- li% th«* • iiir hamly 
4 of tiM* «^m«'«*ri lU :i« the former irt«trnm«*nl. Tin- tir*t ««a% 
4 f«*«-l in len;:ih, tli«* «M-<-oni| M, A the '.\tA I:?, i .irh Lj\iii;; a priM 
IHT ^•'ii%4* it»r a li.ill !«• «leH-ent| in. TIh n h'tMui;; a |*«-niluluin, 
which fiwurn; half M*<-Mn<U, in one lianil. .V a h.ill ir the «tih«-r, I 
Irt bi»lh pi e\ait!\ t^;:* tli* r, fa«'h in Iiri«'«l pUnt* ha\ it.;* juM a 
foot fl« vation. I f**iiii*l tin* )atU« I'li H-\trill iiiaN« rapi^xl 
a;;.tin»t the uUi^laelr at iIm* U>ttofii of tb«* firat plane in the a|«ce 


of three vibrations, the second in 6, & the 3d in nine, so that the 
ratio of the times of descent was as the lengths of the planes, & 
so served the purpose I then proposed, & intended. At the same 
time it is evident that if there had been no friction, the ball 
should have descended in each in two-thirds of the time nien- 
tione<i just before, & consequently the retardation occasioned by 
the friction is in these several planes just as the space. The for- 
mer experiment shews that the same ratio obtains in the hori- 
zontall plane as well as on the inclined. 

If severall experiments of this nature were accurately per- 
formed on instruments contrived <fc made with more nicety, & 
with balls or other bodvs of dit}*erent magnitudes i densitys, I 
am ])ersuadetl some u>efull li^rht might be derived from hence, 
to shew the pro]>ortion A: nature of friction in all such cases as 
these, but mv time &. circumstances will not at present allow me 

to pursue the encpiirv. 

I am, yours, &c., 


LXVIir. 1^ Gale '-to Kev. Dr. Stukeley."— H. F. St. J. 

Lond., May 11th, 1733. 
Dear Doctor, 

YesttTclav Mr. Collins deliverctl me vour answer to Dr. 

Wallis's lettiT, whii-h I should have deliviTetl to Dr. Mortimer 

that afternoon had not the So<*iety been adjourned till after the 

holydays. At the first nieetin;:: 1 shall pri?sent it, but much 

(jiicstion if it will obtain a reading or not, fearing your n'fleetions 

upon the doctor's usaj:«* of you may be thought too stvtTe. As 

Dr. Wallis has not desired his letters to be registeriHl, 1 lielieve 

it will not U* judge<l projier to register your reply to it, however 

if you desire it, I will insist ujK)n its being entred in our archives, 

but desire to know it' you would have the original returned you, 

lor as I d(» not d(»ubt your having a copy of it, 1 dou*t Hc*e what 

invasion tliere will lie for your h iving this again, es|)ei'ially after 

it is in the re^rister, where aiiv member uiav have a si^rht of it* 

I am sure Dr. Mortimer would not willingly disoblige you. 

I ho|K* to see the north next August or 2<eptember, & 1 spend 


a dar at Stanford, but inr journeys are allwajs in anch a harrr 
that I cannot indul<;«* niyi«oir in that pleasure for a week, I am 
very sure. I am ;:lad you have ;;ott such a Mron;; P^^^y ^ ^^ 
laihu, &. the M^liliprv, on your sicle, ^ hope you will keep the 
niaj«)rity, thou;fh (he eirrtinn I.h mi rt*niote. People in this town 
arc allinost nn niati as «*\tT, tliou^h the countrev M^ems to come 
to it.«elf a;;ain. AM«'rm:in ner[na]r«l presenUnl to the Pariia* 
ment yt*>terday a |H*ti(ion from New En^^land, which was a hmmI 
scandaloUH IjIn'II :i;;:iin«t (lu* kin;; & privy (*ounciL It was 
n*j«H'te<l with iiiui'h indignation, &, thr alderman would (irobahly 
luive lN.M*n Mrvrffly <vnsiiri*<l, h:id it not In^en at thin time thought 
more adviiu*ahli* to h«*:d than exaft|>erat4*. I wonder how you can 
j^ett time, in %n mui-h tumult k noifie, to write 30 sheets upon 
any »nhit*<*t. I tlo a<«-iiri* yon it i^ now near ten at nif^hl, A it ia 
as much an I have lH*«>n aiil«* to «|f) to rrad ov<*r tlie Ode you luire 
r(iminrnt(*<K A tn ;:«'tt tli *» It-ttiT MTililiKnl to mrnd with the Yule 
tn'atiM*, v%hit*h yi»n in ly r«'tiirii %%hi'n li*i«ure \ «*on%-enient'« give 
Vou l«»avr ti>, *lr:ir n«>«iiir, 

Viinr mo*t faithfull humhie M*rvant, 

LXIX. R G\i.E **To THE Rev. Dr. Sti'kelet, at Stah- 

rORP IN LlN<^)I.N>HlRE."— H. F. St. J. 

liond., No%h. tin* 1 7th, 1733. 
Di-ar J^ir, 

I wa* in ^riMt hi •!■«*« i»l ha%-ing your ^'ood (Mni|any at Ctif- 

tenham. A thm t«» Lontluii. Mv i»t:iv in the c*ountn*v h»« but 

• • • 

7 t|a\«. A lli«>««* ihtir«'l\ *)4*nt ut h«»mi*. We oitrht .i rarp in inv 
oHu )»iinil, Ititli* iiir«-ii<*r i» tint uhiih \imi «ln*M tin* i'fti;:ic« of 
from Ih. Kni:;lii'«. iti « /«*, hut intinit* 1% fiu|«*n«»r in ^«MMltH<«iie. 
Owr piy«-ty, that «»« tn li.i%i* lM*f*n at thi« tim**, i« va«tlv o%rr- 
rl«Midt^l with th«* Piiti(-«* tit' Oran;:«**« illm*««4*," Hhi«h prt*\entrJ 

* Tb«- I'nncr itf ttrati|-r •rrtvr<l in En^Unil Nnfrflit<r «lh 1715.1^1 in 
^«««ar<|»rttcr of h* ^<'ug f«krn lU. I.ia oiarria^ witk th# fnnrvM n«*«ftl. 
ilau»*l.*t f .if (tf* r^T II <••• |>-«ft«'«,c<l. Tiir aiarri*|fv if»>4 f»lacr in the Frr*ck 
1 bat« . ^t Jaiitr* • Wart i. Ilili T .1 Tlir ll-uae uf l'i>»ai*4i« f«i|nl AKU.UU) 

vuif/ fr.-iB tLt •* c i( Uii'U •! M i'krtai'-|4irfX M A »Ama^ l«irtMa for 


the wedding, now deferred sine die. He has an intermitting 
feavor which, by the use of the bark, is much abated ; but he is 
so exceeding weak, that should he recover, it will not be thought 
proper to celebrate his nuptialls till after Christmasse. I hear, 
however, there has been mighty doings at Stanford, Lord 
E[xeter'8] friends having distinguished themselves much last 
Monday night by orange cockades, bonfires, & all other marks 
of loyalty, & sincere affection to the royall family. I wish the 
person that brought this news was not mistaken as to the 
party that gave these demonstrations of joy. I hope you will be 
time enough to partake of them here, & that nothing will crosse 
your January journey to this town. I would have delivered your 
letter last night myself to my Lord Chancellor, but when I went 
he was hearing causes, so left it for him. He will have but a 
short time to dispose of benefices, since it is certain he will give 
up the seals at the end of this term, if not sooner. That he 
would do it is the wish of all his friends, since an entire recesse 
from busynessc will be the onely means to prolong his days ; you 
cannot conceive how much both his inward & outward man are 
exhausted since you saw him. I am glad to hear you hold your 
ground, & hope you will gain more. All our best services attend 
your good lady & family, of which I congratulate the increase, 
though you never acquainted me with it being of the feminine 
gender, as I suppose. I am, dear Doctor, 

Tour most faithfull humble ser>'ant, 

R. Gale. 
Sir H. Sloan is one of the physicians that attends the prince. 
He told me this evening that he had had a pretty good night the 
last, & no feavor for above 30 hours. 

LXX. Dr. Stukklev " to the Rev. Mr. Ambrose Pimlow, 
AT Great Ditcham, Norfolk." — H. F. St. J. 

London, Mar. 9, 1733-4. 

doing somewhat for our master . . • son, whom I never 
saw, nor hoard of, nor received your letter, ms you might well 



jud^^e by my last I canU Uke it kindly tbmt you thtu oondcoiD 
me, before tm*d. Thin in the zeal of a bi^h churchmafit which 
runn throu^rh your whole letUT. PENSIONS & PLACES, 
wrote in capitiU to render it more formidable, ahowa what poll* 
tical papen you read. I only desire to know on what aido ihm 
Roman (*atliolicfl pu?«h their interest in Norfolk? Answer, OQ 
the hi>!h church n'uU*. We need not Mek whither you are driT- 
in^. Where muH ttie (^hurch of England find Mifety A proieo* 
tion but in a protestant prince, who i% the head &. guardian of the 
church, &, haft shown by a<*tions and words that he will be aow 
My friend, what nn* {wnsifms k places, but wages? Doe yoa 
serve your livingH the wors4> because you receive the tytbea 4 
ofTerings ? And now I mention living, who got you that of Lord 
LovePs, but vour humble servant ? Did not I sollicite Mr. hwim 
k Sir Jo. Newton, k get done all your instruments for you ? I 
have a right then to ask your vot«, as well as your patron. Doo*t 
add to the number of those clergymen whose ingratitude to 
tbeir patrons has done infinitely more mischief to religion thaa 
Tind[all]' or Coll[in]s.' Don*t prefer the empty notion of pttrty, 
the imaginary whimsys of |iension k place to the substantial doty 
of gratitude. I insist on it that you oblige your fiatron, k hope 
you will excufkO tlie fn*edom I have used here from tbe bi|tb 
obligation I think every clergyman lye% under to br on tbe »idt 
of the government, as|M*cially wlien his (latron in on tbe same aide* 

* Matthew TiD<Ul. bom at Becf-fcmi. Devon, c 1457. ditd in 
1713 Fellow «if All SouU. Otfor.l BmbriMtd tbe Ro«m CaUmIic fm%k te 
the reifii of Jaiset II . but pn*(eawd hinaelf • KruCeetant. and took tW oslka 
•t ihe Heeolutiun. lo KM be publiabeil " Tbe Rif bu of tbe CbnaCisa CkmnkJ^ 
tbe Ue«ifQ uf vbich ••« lu thow tbe inatilii* of the clrtgj Dr Hicbeti 
rriJieti to tbii \irmtk, rvlaire chat the auth'^r muiI " be »ae vntinf « boob « 
voqM ouikr the cierirj mail " He al*'* vfuie ** I bnacianity aa c4d aa %hm 
i'rrmlit*n." in li.Si a tlnstira: work which «aa anawerc«l I7 iH John Lelaa^ 
Dr Jaaea FoMer. as*! oth«-ra, in ITJJ — >a« Sefi^m. ao«J l0wmd^ MMm§. 
Mmm vol. e.. KM 

* Antbunj i'ollin*, t«»m ic:«i. «1ie«l ITA lie vmCt ' iUttmrm €4 fras- 
thinkinr. nrra»h>fl»e>d bj the n*^ ami fn*vtb of a am rallod free-lbinbiaf,* 
1713. «hicb «a» antvrmi bv I>r llenflej . alfc> -A l>iioo«ff«e of the Ora«B4s 
and KcaMoa uf tbe i hnstian IUIi«n**A." I72f Hm buuba aiv »afe 4Mli»* 
faubc^l fcir lofrnaitj and trrbairal •kiU la twtmmiug^ tbaa fuc pffuf«»4aj el 
Iboaf bt or fairaoaa of argnaeat — JImSm. p. Ii4. s»d I^warfw* JtaMwy. 
eoL L, fw 4f 7. 


I think better things of you than that you are fixt in such reso- 
lutions as your letter seems to indicate. I goe for Stamford 
Mundaj sennight, where I shall be glad to see you, & am. 

Tour affectionate brother, 

WiL Stukelet. 
[The above letter has this endorsement : — " Rev. Dr. Stukely's 
Answer to my Letter about our Election,' Mar. 9, 1733."] 

LXXI Beaupre Bell, Junior, to Rev. Dr. Stukelet. — 
H. F. St. J. 

Dear Sir, 

▲n acquaintance of mine, publishing an History of Norfolk,^ 
intends to inrich my copy with what prints, &c, I can any ways 
proctre relating to it ; if you have any odd prints on that county, 
shall be very thankful for them, as the seal of Lynn, head of Sir 
H. Spelman, &c., which I have indeed already in your Itin. 
Curiosum, but cannot think of making one book imperfect to 
inprove another. 

The enclosed Titus, though much defaced, may not be unao- 
Cf)table from 

Your most obliged humble servant, 

B. Bell, Jun.^ 

LIXn. R Gale '^to Rev. Dr. Stukelet, at Stanford, in 
Lincolnshire.'* — H. F. St. J. 

London, Aug. the 3l8t, 1734. 
Dar Sir, 

Your recommendations of Mr. Gill for a footw^alk shall 
cetiiinly have their due weight when I can serve him, & ha%'e 
pU him down in my book for that purpose. 

' Thif> WM the election to the foarth 8e|itenDial ParliameDt, which 
ocirred in 1734. The fimt meeting wm Jan. 14th. 1734-5, when Arthor 
Oilow, Esq.. TreAinrer of the Navj, wm elected Speaker. 

Blomefield** Hiitory of Norfolk. 

Vide Diery, p. 88 n. 


I urn glad you liave had »o much f<^ company to alleriale 
your two fitt* of th«» jiout, &. that I he oyl* still retain their efficacy 
& nrputiition ; ("apt. Hall had an attack <>f'it aliout t> week^ a;^, 
hut con<iU(*ri*d tin* «*nt'mv in 4 or «*> dav^ hv th«*ir a«»«i«>tanrt\ k, ia 
now well, in Bcrkj^hin*. I wi»*h I)r. KopT-** a** jiood »ucceM€ 
with the widdow, k a^ain^t lionl K[\<'tiT]. I have nothing to 

entiTtain %'«>ii with in the wav of litomturo. omdv Sir J. Clerk 

• • • 

has rccommend<'«l one Mr. Black well ti> my an^^iAtanc** in pub* 
lijihing a mof»t lcarn«*<i A. irif:«*ninu^ i*v>jv ii{Hiti HumtT^t hi» writ- 
inj^s oi*ca!iion«*«i hy a <|uc<*tion putt to him hy I^tnl I%la, why no 
other [MM*t, Mnci* hin tim**, \ia^ hi-eii alih* t«i r«}iiall him in the epic 
manner? It i«» a nio*»t ent**rtaiiiin;; pii'tv, \ x^xh** he^t account 
of the j^iMiiiiH uf thuM> early time^, A the nature nf the |w>em, that 
I believe wa^ ever e()m|M»'MMi. The author i^ a pn>fe%v>r in the 
University of A)H*rth*«*n. iV h«ip**<« to Im* tIi>li%«Ti*<i from the prr^^ 
in two monthn. Next M*int|ay I arci»mpaiiv Mr. Il'tp*r to Mr. 
Cook*s, in Suffolk, wlm hi- Um^m \cry iiii|N>rtiiii:it«* with u«, ever 
■ince he left (*ott«*nliurii, ti» ^'i* m^ at hi« new lh»UM*. A« a l^reat 
itKiuceuii*nt to it hi- ha<> promiM^I to %hiiw Mr. K[ogf*r] great 
plenty of game, \ h«' are, likt* the kin;: of Franre, to take the 
field with a gn*ai pri»vi<*iMn of gun«, A ii«*t«. A «c%erall li.itallion* 
of dog infantry, hut I mu<«t U* at home a::ain in 8 di\« at the 
farthest, thoU:;h I U^lii-xi- tin* c.impii^ii wtll In* lunllv orer an 
noim with the rf^t of th«* ariin . Mr-*. I*aiik» I\e« in of a miu, in 
Sl JamcA*f» Squart-. >lif M-iit \<-«ti-nl.i\ to df^ire nn* tti *taml 
proxy, aa a pnlfathiT, tor a gi-nileman in th«- (^ouiitn'V that c«iuM 
not attend the (•-n-iiiofiv : iii\ J«Miriii-\ f<rif<l iiir, nimh a^ain^C 
mv inclination^, to dfirt- In r to i m hm im . All our lit-artT 
wi^heii for pro«|MTii\, A IiuiiiIjU' «Mr\i««*« at:4-ii«I \our latly, 4 
fauiilv. I am. m<>«l p.irtu ul.irU . •{! .ir >ir. 

Yi'iir iii<i«t laiililiill liiitiil'li- MTiaiit, 

It <tALB. 

Tkuma* IV.ArLwt .! «rifr Ki. ■, uirv .iif.. tKr t. ;fr ar*! WntitipBnf H 


LXXIII. Geo. Arnet " to the Rev. Dr. Stukeley, Rector 
OF All Hallows, in Stamford." — H. F. St. J. 

Wakefield, 20 Jan., 1734-5. 
Dear Doctor, 

I have not been able, notwithstanding all my researches, to 
meet with your namesake, the pilgrim, who wandered to the 
Holy Land in the xii*** century, but I have met with two other 
Stukeleys which perhaps you have no knowledge of, & therefore 
I will give you some account of them. 

The first is Thomas Stukley, of an ancient & good family near 
Illfracombo, in Devousln're, of good & quick parts, but being 
given to prodigality, hr s|)ent his estate, which, as he was a 
younger brother, we may easily imagine was not great. But 
being oi' an aspiring nnnd, A* Florida being then newly discovered 
by the Spaniards/ a project came into his head to go over & 
people that part of America, not doubting but that he should be 
a prince at least. To facilitate his design, he craves assistance 
of Queen Elizabeth, vt I take this to be about the year 1570, tell- 
ing her at the same time, that he preferred rather to be sovereign 
of a mole hill than the highest subject to the greatest monarch 
in Chri>tendom, ior, adds In*, I am certain to bi» a prince before 
my death. To which the queen replies, I ho|)e I shall hear from 
vou when 3*ou are s<»ttlcd in vour kingdom. Stukelev : I will 
write to vou. Queen Eli/abet h : In what lauixuaire? Stukelev: 
In the stile of princes — To our d«'ar si>t<»r. At whii-h the queen 
snn'Ifd. For a more full a(*count of this man 1 refrr you to 
Foulis's History of Popish Treason, pa«:e 387. 

The other is Sir Thomas Stnk<'ly, who lived at Milan in the 
beginning of King Charles I. his reign, who was [)ensioner to 
the King of Spain. See .James AVadsworth, his English-Spanish 

If you cannot meet with Foulis, I shall, if you desire it, give 
you a further account of the former of these men, even to his 
death, for he was killed in Africa. 

I have been, from the 8 of December, ill of the gout, & though 
I am now mending, yet I am a cripple. The Oleum Arthriticum 

* FloridA WM diacoTered in 1512. 


an Mr. Il();;t*rA callft it, I have hoard of, but never tr>'ed it. Yea- 
tenlay, a €*ler;;yiiian wax hero, who told me he had read a diancr* 
tatioii of yours u|m)ii oil olive curing the f^out &, rheumalinm. 
Tlio lattor he had Ikm^h trouhlevl with in the knee, k [ler^ued yoor 
din*<*tionH, whi(*h drove it into his shoulder, he followed it tliitber 
&. brought it to itN former place, wbenc^e, by a frcnh attack, be 
diHlo<l;;tHl it, k haA not bt^en afflioto<l Mn<v. 

Now, pray, dwtor, give me your opinion frwiy, if any g<iod 
is to b<* ox|iec*teil fn>in this new invention. All the comfort I 
have here from my physician is, |>atienc(*, sir, k flannrl. Small 
• comfort, God knnw% in such an acute k tedious distem|)er. 

I hear M>in«*timr> from Holb«*ach, k I hrar it i^ a declining 
town. Thank (tod I have left it, k set my fcvt u|H>n a rock. I 
was, lM*fore I left Holland, up to the neck in quagmire*, k I 
should, lN*fore now, havt* In^en over head. The duty of mr 
vioarag«*, es|K.*cially as I read prayer every day, & prrarbed twice, 
wa5 ttxi grrat ; but I struggled with that burden 18 years. I 
mav now nvkon mvself akin to a 'milr!» emeritus* f»r the town 
findn mi* a curate, who is oblig(*d to do all duties except preach- 
ing in the foreniMHi, k wc have a foundation for a lecturer in the 

But I gri»w tired k uneasy, so |ianlon this hasty scribble ; 

accept of my wife's S4*rvice k new yearV (i>iiipliments, isith those 

of, Ilevd. Sir, 

Your very aflec. brother A s«*r\ant, 

Oco. Aamt. 

Pray give our services to Mr. Hepburn k his family. 

LXXIV. I>K. STrKELEY ** TO Savvcl Ualr, Esq., at the 
iVsTim HorsE, IxjMON." — H. F. St. J. 

Stamford, lt> Feb., 1734-5. 
Dear Sir, 

I had the favur of yours. 1 was always of the opinion ibal 
r«*«jir {laMdi the Tliamaii at ( onwsy Stake«,* 4 made manr 

* Tb* pisre At which the RoaiMit ff n t»t d the ThaaM* «ss at«d \*r • tr»- 
diUtiti which ciiaCrvl in the liar of ll«4c wbtft the ttAk**. sahI t« haw hsMI 
thus* vhica d«lrna«4 ihc nt«ff, w s i ss i iL at a ^aes aow callsd iewty Makas. 


observations & designs there about it. If the stake be a trae 
relicky ^tis a great curiosity, & that must be found by answering 
this one question, whether the stakes are found standing upright, 
or in an horizontal position ; if the latter, they are only of your 
antediluvian trees found frequently under the banks of all great 
rivers. You would not come in time to see the ruins of our 
nunnery, now one arch of St. Martin's. A tenant of Lord 
Exeter's is pulh'ng up all the old foundations, & utterly defacing 
the appearance of it I am, 

Your most obliged humble servant, 

Wm. Stukeley. 
An old parishioner of mine says he has known the nunner}' 
this four score years, & that nobody has ever throve upon it. 
One much younger observes that Richards, of St. Martin's, who 
keeps the George there, once the Abbot of Crowland's house, 
dug up the Roman road to mend vulgar highways with, & the 
next year he broke. 

LXXV. R. Gale "to the Rev. Dr. Stukeley, at Stamford, 
IN Lincolnshire. Free, Wm. Ffucks." — H. F. St. J. 

London, Sept 16, 1735. 
Dear Doctor, 

If the account I sent you of the Roman table '^ gave you 

any entertainment, it was what I desired. I very well remember 

the dissertation you wrote upon that found in Derbyshire, & 

should have desired a copy of it but that I think it is too long 

to give you the trouble of transcribing it ; the parallel you make 

between the two carrys a great face of probability, as it dos that 

this might formerly have been St. Wilfrid's. 

I wish Roger does not give you too much of his company, 

though there's no place where I think he would s])end his time 

near CherUcj, in Sarrej. 8c« ** The Celt, the Roman, and the Saxon.** by T. 
Wright, p. 14. Mr. Wright was of opinion that the ttakea. caaed with lead, 
there found, had nothing to do with Cesar*t paMMge of the river, and were a 
Roman, and not a British, work. — Vide, alto, papers bj 8. Gale, printed in 
^fvAtfvisf Mi^Tol. i„ 203, and Hon. Daines BarringUm, AreJut^Ufi^, toI. ii.. 141. 
** See f0§tea, under NorthiimberlaiMl. 

280 MlSl*£LLANKOrs i'OKIlE.s|*UNliENCr^ 

bettor. I hojH* from what you tell me of hi* ;jn*al application to 
atutly, that hi» will make a greater profifionoy in the AcaJeniia 
Tertia Anglia» than h«* iliJ in our Alma Matre at Cunibrd;*e. I 
iiupiM>so hy your wanting; to know wIhmi I am to l>c at <*ottenhamy 
that I am lianlly toi>\|NTt lii<» n>mp:iny till I oimc thithiT, which 
I intrntl aUait tho 2<>tli of Oct^ihrr. Om- ^tr<»n;! jnTsiUr^iic fur 
my (li^|M*n»in;; with liin ali.M'iuv, A, iMin<««'ntin;; t4» hi^ tnmhling 
you no louf^, i!<« th«* improvriiifnt!i that lu* may nuke t'nui your 
oonv(T<»atii»n, i^ that h«* will pn*vail with you to ar« nmpaiy him 
thithcT, if he ««ta\N so htwr with vou. Mr. SatuucI Ims Utfi often 
fonnnl to foiit it this sumniiT to IlainpHtrad, %V i;* very inipilient 
till h\^ new nai; corn*-^ to town. lit* U*;;h it niav U* MMit awair 
by tho fir^t ^^afe o»n\(*v. A' in tht* ineaniinit' i*« \erv il«*ftir«U4 of 
being intorm«*<l of hi^ rol«iur. I ha\e U^en e\tn*amly ill ftinoe 
IftAt Fryday wa?i a «M>nni|;ht. I wa!% fir*»t M*i/«-«l with a volent 
(Iiarrh:iM, which held nie 4 day?»« A: (niuM not bt* »topt til my 
friend I>r. CocklMMirn adniini*»t«Tf<l hi^ ^|n\ ifick in tlut ca«r, 
which putt an end to th«> flux in 24 liour^* tinu* ; but then I «%•< 
attackt with a ^troii;,' flavor, ol' which I havr vi-tt \\x ar nc\i% 
gi>tt ridil. thi*» Immm;: the Hr<«t day of my getting dov%n Mair. 
You may tell HogiT. a*« M»me indn(*oment to hi« ituning to tow., 
that iMtth hi<» tVi«*niU, tin* TillMin'fi, arri\tN| hen* la»t SuhiIa* 
night, from Irrlanil. Th* v t<ll uw \our Utiik n|iiin tin* gnutA 
Dr. Ki»ger%*« renn^ly tor it, an' lM»th in high r« -piit.iti«>n at I>i»" 
lin. All f>ur MT^iet'H attrntl \our ladv, M-lf, ^ Liiiidv. I at. 
mo*t iMirticularly, dear dm-tor. 

Your mfH«t I'aithfull tnonti A humble M*r\ ant, 

Tlir .'{pl lit tlti*» iiioiitit HrM\%n Wdii^ ni.irr\«d hi« nt^u Uz 
«'erv e«»n«id«ralii«' tortiihi' iti I«aitt-a^hin'. 

Thoni. tl«'arii. Ii\ a f**N|ii d X*» hi'« will, onleri'*! lii« (*an*a«««>o 
be inlern-tl in tht* <-hiiri-li\ard ••! >. I'l-trr** in the Ka«t. at 0\f'i»J. 
A tlM* ftdlowmg epiuph ti> In* eutt on a i»toiR* A la\d o\rr hit. 

[The epitaph d«H*« not ap|M*ttr in the letter]. 


LXXVI. Roger Gale to Rev. Dr. Stukeley.— H. F. St. J. 

Londoo, Novemb. the 13tb, 1735* 

Dear Doctor, 

After my thanks returned to you for making my late 
sojourning at Cheltenliam so a^^reeaWe, p^ive nio leave to acquaint 
you with a most unexpected, undeserved catastrophe in my 
affairs. I went to the excise office on Thursdav morning;, the 
djiy after my arrival, & the same a*»ain on Fryday, when soon 
after I had been there Mr. Vernon whis|)ered me that he heard 
I was left out of the new commission occasioned bv the death of 
Mr. Monta;;u, which was soon ag.iin confirmed tt) me by another 
of my brethren, who iniirht, if he had pleased, crjven ine earlyer 
notice. You will easily guesse what a surprise this was to me, 
who had no reason to be apprehensive of sucli liard usage with- 
out anv cause Jissi^'ned, & executed in such a rude shocking 
manner, after a most faithl'ull 6i dili^'cnt diseharge of my duty 
for 20 years, had I been continutnl till the 24th of this month. 
It is no small pleasure to me that neither 1, nor any of my 
friends, can find out any cause fur this treat nu>nt of me, & my 
enemvs hav<» none thev »lan» own. It wouM seem no little 
vanitv in me to tell vou how it has bc»en re>ente<l lien* bv all 
sorts of peoph'. 1 never thou^rht mvsc»lf so considerable lM'ft»re, 
& I wish I had never be<'n undeceived. I liul the honor of a 
visit on Mt>n lav «'venin;x f<»r alwive 2 hours *'rom one of the 
greatest m *n in the nation, who told m* tlint h<? never heard it 
mentioned without astonishment tV indi;;nation. The authors of 
mv misfortunt* seeme ashamed of it thems<'lve>, their eniis- 
sarys being everywhere at work to spn'ad it aUnii that I have 
resigned to have a better place in a little time, iV others that I 
had acipiire<l a gn'at e.stat«', & was willing to s|RMid the rest of 
my days in ease i^ rpiiet. I :im sun% in the sm.dl fortunes that 
I am |H»ssest of, there is not one p«'nny (»f gov«'rninent inoni»v ; I 
wish they could say th«» si me. It is but, however, c*)Id comfort 
after a losse of 10(H)/. a year, to urge 

Virtote me idtoIto. probamque. 
Paopehem une Ubc qujero.— [^itr., lib. iii^ Ode xxix., 1. 64-6]. 


I have Ix^n forced to ^uminon up all mj phtloflophv to nop- 
port my »piriUi, k by her mMintance have onely lost one ni;rbt*t 
nloep, mm e;iHyor in my mind than I havt* been soinr years. A 
dormio in utranujut* aunMn, [TtT.] so happ}' is it, nil oonjirire 
igbi, null& {mllescen* oul|»&. [//or., Epiftt. I. 1, Ep. 1, 6<).] 

Tlic );re:ite»t ditiinilty I am now und«*r ifi how I i&hall s{iend 
the ri'ht of mv ilav^. I hoiM.* I nhall not want a »uf!it*i«'ncv to 
maintain nivHrlf, Si nt>t very numrroun family, without being 
guilty fit* anything inili;;num Ka|fifnto lionoi^m*, &. Htill lie able to 
entertain a friend nienHu brevi, niente quieti, it that you will »till 
rec*kon him anum;: vuur^, who in so most faithful! v, ii 

Your most humble servant, 

R Galb. 

Nave ferar ma;:nii an parvd, ferar unus et idem, [//c^-* 
Epi^t. I. 2, Ep. 2, 20<».] 

LXXVII. HisHoi* or I/ONDos to Dr. Sti'kelet. — H, P. St. J. 

Jan. 6, 1736-6. 

It i^ not to lie wondereil that the remarkable zeal vou have 
aliewn fur one %ulv «lii>uld brin;; u|Min \(iu the indipiatiun of the 
other: but it would Ih* \er\ hard, if vour »ufl'erin<*» in the con- 
inoQ eauM* should not find a suitable regard from that side for 
which vou sufler. 

1 am. Sir, 

Your ai^^ured friend A brother, 

t. LOSCDOX.'* 

** IMm«b<1 Oitvm. hnm m% HrmapCnn. WcMMortUfid. IMf : dMd at BaU, 
I74S K<loc»U'«l At Qurvn't CtiHe^r. Oifi^ril . ( iMplsin in Rwbctfi Tc»i*oa ; 
f«lile«l "^ <*«Ri«lrri • HriUi.tiiA" with SiMilKint . and m HIS pvUialifd hm 
" i%-lt s Jart E(xlr»iA»lu-i At<riic«iii." •hirh pn<«rtd hiM Bvch sppls«« 
ffua tb« fnrn<l« uf tb« i bvrch. and bmIi ersssft fmai Umms oy p o i d f It. 
iiMMf d UMQla m 1715 ; urs—lsiad to Lsadw la ITfa.-JMM. p. 447. 


LXXVIIl. Some reasons why Constantine the Great could 
kot be born in britain, read before the antiquarian 
Society, at IjONDon, July the 8th, 1736, by R. Gale. 
— BL C. 

At the last ineetinn^ of this Societv, I chanced to sav it was 
very improbable that the emperor Constantine the Great was 
born in Britain, which being received by some of tlie company 
like a paradox, I shall now give my reasons for that opinion in 
as brief a manner as the subject will permit; &. submit them to 
every unprejudiced hearer. And first I shall offer those that are 
founded upon a chronolo;:icall view of the time when he & his 
father Constantius Chlorus lived, which I think will sett the mat- 
ter in a clear lic^ht. 

Constantius Chloru!) was born A. dni 250. 

Constantine the Great was born A. dni 272. 

Constantius Chlorus was sent into Britain) * ,-. oqo w 
aganist Larausius j 

So that Constantine the Great was twentv vears old wlion his 

father came into BriUiin, & consequently it is highly improbable" 

that he should be born there. 

Those that would have Britain to be the place of his nativity 
are forced to suppose, though without any authority, that Con- 
stantius came a soldier into that island under Aurelian,^^ after- 
wards emperor ; but no Roman historian whatever mentions 
Aurelian's lK»ing tlnTe ; all his wars are fully enumrrated by 
Vopiscus, in his Life, from which it is evident that hi? nevtT was 
employed there. 

Others sup|H»so, with as little foundation, that Constantius 
Chlorus was sent thither in the year 271, to paeifve some dii«tur- 
bances, in that he th«'n marryed Helena, the (hiu;!liter of Coel, a 
British king.*^ AVhat sort of a king this Coel could be, or if 
there w:i8 such a king ever existed, is not to my puqiose to dis- 
pute, though the best authority we have for him is Jeifery of 

" Accurdinp lo U»her, 2S«;.- R. O. 

** Vide Vittt ill Diucktiani ant4* Fani-grrit. pne6x. p. U>o. Ed. de G.— R. O. 

■* Camden, in Pnefat. ad Britan.— R. G. 

^ Vido Viuun ConsUntii Paneirjrico Eomeuii Rbet. pnefijuun.— R. O. 

284 MiscELLAyeous corresfosdckcr. 

Monmouth. Tlio Roinnn history is enlirrly silent about this 
timo for 17 yemr^ mn to tho afTaini of Britain, which shows that 
all thinf^ in this i>lan(i wrre then (]uiot, ur ni*j!h*ctpil« by the 
Romans, k is thr same thin;; to my argument. NVithrr can it 
be imagintnl that Auri*ii:in unulil iiave srnt a y«)nth of twenty- 
one yearn ofa;.'!* t<> h i\r p:irif\<N| a tiiiniiltiioii% provimv, if there 
luul h(vn (iivanion. tor (*i>ii<»tantiii*« uu% then ivt f>ld«T, ^ Aureliao 
a wiM*r man. 

He mther mviiih at th it tini«* to ha\(* Us^n in th«' army of 
Prohu-, th«»n ont' i»t' Aiirrli:in*H ^rneralU, A aftirw.mU i»m|ifror 
biniM^lt*: V«i|»iK'ii* iA|»n**-lv n-lutin;; that ihr rin|»eror!i Caius, 
DitK*h*tiaiin!<, (*on<»taritiii«, A miImt j^ri*at nirn« l«*arnt the art c»f 
war umlor him. Ittit it dn^ not a|>|N'ar IVohii^ vwT wa^ in 
Britain ; i>n tin* rotitrary, all th«* Mviir^i of hi^ actinn^i lye in othrr 
parts of tiie \\**vU\ ; A it i<» tniirh m<»re proliahlr that C<»nMantius« 
at that a;^e, \\a<« ti;:lilin;; iiiidrr Wis f*«»tnmani|, than oiininamlin^ 
an army A parit'viti;: tri»nblf<> in a n*lM>llii*u<» |*ru\in(ts JL that his 
comini: into Hritain u.i?« not U*fi>ri' tin* vcar T-^m^ a \i'ar afUT lit* 
hud lieen adn)»ttil l»y Maximian A drcl:ire«l t/a'^r, 4 his son 
Con^tintim* 'Jo mmp^ nid. 

Thr Htron;rr«t |)nh>r alli*il;!tnl liy tho^e ish«» ta\or tbe opinion 
of Constant i 111 l>« in;; Uirn in Britain is a pa^^ap* in a (ane^Mrir 
apoken by a nov% unknown ontor lN*f«>n* Ma.\imian A (*onstantine, 
when* sjieakin;: f>f' lit« t.itli«*r < *otiMantiu«, he ii)niphio«Mit» the son 
as IoUowa : LilM-r.i\ it illi* Hr:taniii:in mtx itiili, tii i-fiain n«>l*ilo« 
illan 4>ri>i«(/u frri^ti : %«lii'i*- )•% flit- wunl nri* tiiln lh«*v wdl lia\e 
his l>irlli t«i In- iiitiiuati d. 

To «'«irri»lNiratt- ili!<« ri>ii«trii< ti 'U (lu*\ «tra:n titi* niranin^ of 
anothiT MiitriMi* of a p.iiii-^*\ r:i d h^tffil by Kiiin«*niii«« liefufe 
(*on«tantiM .d 'in*, .il lt:«r*. .i. ihii M^K O lortunaUi i*l nunc 
onind>ii« tirri*» U*at'i»r Hntmnia *|U.i* i*i»n«t«nlinutn prima 
l*aiairi-m \irti«ti. \\ hu li th«\ udl nll«» ha\e t«> rtdutr to his 
birth. thou;:h xlu- plain A 3p| an-tit m-um* of tin* u«ird« |«i'nt out 
diret'tlv hi« U'liiL' tir*t •>i«t n a^ i'a'«ar thin-: for h«)w ran Britain 
be »aul to M*t* him < '.i-'-ar s« •^■■•n a^ hr isa« b«»m ? thi the roi»- 
trar}*, it will be* prti\«ti that hr mm« not divlarr^l Cassar till after 
hia father's last arrival id Briuin, whieh waa nut long before hia 


Constantius Chlorus, as we have said, was first sent into Britain 
in the year 292, & was then obliged to leave his son Constantine 
in the hands of Galerius Maxiinianus, as an hostage for his fide- 
lity. Maximianus was so jealous of this young prince, from his 
early virtues, that he exposed him, not onely to all the dangers 
in warr that he could devise, but even to combats with wyld 
beasts, in hopes of destroying him. Constantino's courage would 
not suffer him to decline any of these snares layd for him by the 
tyrant; he undertook all that was put upon him like another 
Hercules, & acquitted himself in every one of them with the 
greatest bravery & suocesse ; & amongst other exploits killed a 
furious lion that was lett looso to devour him. This glorious 
action seems to be represented on a medal of his in my posses- 
sion, struck after he was emperor ; on the reverse of which is 
Hercules fighting that monster, with an inscription denoting the 
emperor's never-failing valour : 


So much merit made Maximianus detain him in his court at 
Nicomedia,'* without the honors of (/iusar. & little better than a 
prisoner, though often importuned by Constintius to give him 
his liberty. He could by no means obtain this favor till Con- 
stantine himself effected it bv a strata<::em, & havin<r made his 
esca|)o with incredible ex|>edition, arrived time enough to see his 
father not long before he left the world, on the kalends of 
Au^just, A. dni 306. 

Some authors sav their meetincr was at Gersoriacum or Bou- 
logne, at the very instant the old em|)en)r was setting sail for 
Britain to repell an invasion of the Piets i ^>rotts, but Eusi'bius 
says it was in his last moments at York.*' It is most liki*ly to 
have hap|)eneil at the former, because Eumenius, who s|>oke his 
panegyric but four years after this meeting, before Constantin, 
& was living at the time of it in Gaul, tlms addressetl himself to 
him : Jam tunc ciclestibus suffragiis ad salutem Reipublics voca- 

*• Vide Balazii Annot. in LscUnt., pp. 56. 57, 58, et Coperi. p. Idl.^R. O. 

" Zosimus allso nay* that ConstATitine came to hU father before be djed. 
ur a« be was djiug, k tb«t the Army tben conferred tbe dignitj of OeMr upon 
bim. lib. ii. Ad patrem-in Britanniam penreniat. Ice Auc, llrf.-^R. O. 


bariii, ad toinpun ipAiiin fpio Ptkier in Kritanriiaiii IranKfreUbat 
Clm^iAi jam vcIa f'aciVnti r(*|>oiiUnuA tuii^ .itUentii*^ illuxit, Ac 

A^ I Miid lio(ore« lit* wa^ rather a |>ri^»iior than a Cx%ar in 
ike court of MaximianiiA, &. \i\% fatkrr, whom hr found under 
sail at Houln;*no, h»d not time to conf«rr that di;;nity u|Min him. 
Where, th(*n, ran we sii{»|M>«e him to have l»e«*n fir»t honored 
with that tilh* hut u|M)ri hi^ landing; with hin fath«*r in Hritain, 
who in hill cxcetiMi of joy for the unex|M*ote«i n-covery of ao hope- 
full a Mm, oould think nf> honore too ;;n*at for him? 

It ift not im|>n»l»al)lt* that they IivimI top*tht*r mhuv month* in 
Rritain, k were iMith in th«* e\|K*dition a^ain^t the PietA &. ScoOa. 
Tlie ;;oId medal in Mezzaharhi of (*onktastinvs cjuiar, with a 
Victory on the r«'verv« h(»ldin^ a laurel in h«*r ri;:ht. &. a pal 
in ht-r left hand ; A tho!M» of copper %vith con>taktikvm scib 
round the heail. A: makti rROfvoSATURi u|N»n the r«*ver«e, no 
douht alludin;: to hi^ van«|ui!«)iiii;: \ ilrAiii:: <iut thuM* enemra, 
with hin father, whrn Ik* wa^ no nmre th in Ca*«ar. Mo«t of 
th«>M* cop|ier pieci*^ Mvm t<i have lN««*n (*iMM«Ni in Britain, hy the 
letter* plm or fLC (»n ihryr e\er^«*, v%hich I interpret Perruaaa 
Lcmdini« or iVrcu^*^ Liiidi (*oli>nia\ thou;:h foreipi nntiquaryi 
have read them Pen-U!«'«a l^upluni, ff»r want «if a ImMIit ac«]URiii- 
Unre with our countrey, hut the letti'r* I think he^it juntifve mr 

TIh* moi«l plau^ihle authority for < *«iniitantine*» lM*ing created 
(a*aar l>efon* tliift hi* c<»min;; into Dritam, i« fn»m Aureliua 
VicU»r, in hi* Epit(»me, whrre he ndatt-* iinhN^ii tliat — i*iin%tantitia 
Conftt.mtini |>ater. atipir Armentariu% («%h<» i'* the »anie an Gale* 
riu« Maximianuji). Au^Mi ap|M*llantur, erratic t a^^-irihua, Severo 
|N*r It.ili.iiii Ma\imin(H|u«- (talerii •^•rori* lilio |«>r ohentem ; 
i*iii|friii|U«- tt'iii|M*rr < 'iin^taiitinn* (*.i-«ar f*H< itur : h hirh trana* 
actMMi Ha« oil iIh* kul* rid« **f M.iy, 34>r». Ttii% !att« r part ot the 
Miir\. lntHr\» r. i« i-a^iN ri tMt«N|. vwn lt< m Aun'iu* Vut'ir htm* 
M'lt, tor in hi* lli«t«»ria dr < '.i*^ inhu* In* t* !'« u* that — I)i«4-h-tiano 
et Maxiinianii »n(*t*«'«l« ntd*u^ t*«m«taniio ft Armentjrii*. Seiema 
Ma\iiuinu««|U«' lIUriiNirutn iiiili;;riia'« (A'^an-* drMinantur quod 
Udrrare in-^iuii'Iia (*oh»latiliiiu» tii^a> c-otiiiiu nto in HrilaODiaa 
|«nrenit. C.*an anything U* plainer, even Irum thia author*a own 
worda, thu that ConaUatine waa not appoiolad GhNW at tiM 


same time as Severus & Maximinus ? It* lie bad been so, what 
occasion was there for so much resentment as he exprest at his 
disappointment? All this is most amply confirmed by that 
excellent little treatise, De Mortibos Persecutorum, supposed to 
be wrote by Lactantius, wherein we have the most accurate 
account of those times extant It plainly appears there by what 
management this Galerius Maximianus Armentarius induced the 
two old emperors, Dioclesianus & Valerius Maximianus, to abdi- 
cate the purple, & at the same time promoted Severus & Maxi- 
minus Daza to be Caesars, contrary to the expectation, & with 
the greatest surprise of the army, Repulso Constantino, as are 
the expresse words of that author, cotemporary to the fact ;'* 
who allso tells us that one argument used by Armentarius to 
Dioclesianus, for his resignation of the empire, was — Debcre ipsius 
dispositionem in perpetuum conservari, ut duo sint in Republic^ 
majores qui summam rerum tenerant ; item duo minores qui sint 
adjumento ; but had Constantine been created Caesar at the same 
time with Severus & Maximinus, there would have* been tres 
minores instead of duo, directly contrary to the argument of this 
Armentarius, & the then establisht constitution of government 
I think this may suflBce to confute Aurelius Victor's contra- 
diction of himself in affirming that Constantino was created Caesar 
at the same time with Severus & Maximinus ; & to prove that he 
never had that title till a few months before his fathcr^s death, & 
that first in Britain ; & consequently the words in Eumcnius*s 
panegyric — Quae Constantinum prima Caesarem vidisti — to be so 
farr from explaining the word oriendo in the other oration to 
import his being born in that island, that they plainly prove it 
must relate to his being declared Caesar there. To this 1 may 
add, from the said little Treatise, that after Constantino had been 
declared Augustus, or emperor, by his father in Britain, & his 
image, as usual upon such occasions, presented a few days after to 
Maximianus Armentarius as his colleague in the empire, that the 
latter — excogitavit ut Severum, qui erat maturior a^tate Angus- 
turn nuncuparet, Constantinum vero non Imperatorem sicut erat 
factus, sed Caesarem cum Maximino ; ut eum de secundo loco deji* 
ceret in quartnm ; so that it is highly probable that Constantine 

M Zodmot all«o Mjs Um auM thiBf , Ub. it— R. O. 


wan never <IocI:iro«l Ca»^ar, or ackiiowled;;e<l no, before thi« time, 
by MaxiiiiiaiiU5 Armcntariu?^, or any of the reatt who harl a »hare 
in tlie empire. 

LXXIX. Keaui'Rk Hell, Junior, to Rev. Dr. Stlkelet. — 

H. F. St. J. 

Beaupn* Hall, Julii ult, 1736. 

Dear Sir, 

I have been !M) miirh luirritHl «iiice I Ivfi StamlonI that I 

havr h.itl no time to think niv ::ooit tVientN f«»r thoir kind eiilrr- 

tainmeiit, &. write now rather to ^how that I tio not tor;;et \our 

oommaiHU than that I hnv(> vet U^-n able to |N*rf»rm them. You 

will, however, nt:eivi» with thi^ Mtnu* frw ra^t!» r\*litin:; to vour 

design, Fiibriciii^*<»''* |)i^H4*rt.iti«*ti i»ri the X thiit i^ «.iitl to have 

appeanii to t un^t.intinc. tV the TraM^lation of Silitinou'^ Sin^;. 

Them* iMMik^ an* ti«it m\ oun, mi ilt*>iri* thev niav U* rrturnt^i 

within Hvo «»r ^ix u(H*k«. hut uill «h«»rll\ mmhI the %ii!iiiii«* tif 

Ileame vou mmtioncvi, uhich v<»ii niiv kt*ei» a« l«'ti.' :i% \f»ti 

think prii|ier, thou;;li tlitn* i^ ni*t m> much m it (-unnTiiing 

Pvthaf^>ra»*» mIi<m>U a*« I thoiii'jit then* wa^ IVa\ ni.ikr mr 

be»t M*r\i(t*» acceptabh* to Mr^ Stukflev, & U*lievt' nii* 

Your nioikt oMi^*i| huuihh* MTvanr, 

n. UtLL, Jl.\R. 

LXXX. It. Oalc '"TO Till; IU:\. Or. STiKELrv. at hi** Bot>»:, 
IN Stamiori)." — H. F. •'NT. J. 

!««»n !4in. •fum* 21th, IT.'tA. 
l^eur lKnt«»r, 

If ainthiii;; e«iuM lia\«- iiiaije ;i l«*np'r rr^iiii ni't* at i '• tti*n* 
ham a;;ri*oaMi , it ^^noM h ivi* Im^-ii tin* ri')H*titiiiti «>t \«>itr ;:tkM| 
roni|iati\, th«*ii;;h I c*«>ulii ih«l pr«*««4* tini«-h t>>r it oiii«i*li-riii;; the 
unra^v time m\ frii luU h:v\ \\wrr ; nothin;: but th«* majof\ bu*t 

** Jiiliftn*i« \'.*«rt K%'>r)t .u*. K 'fn aI liCtfMtr. ltrf> . t|i«'«l at ll*fDbyrf« 
I73il*t ll<' «»• |*r- '••»•■' • f •'■■|uir.r. «( ||««liur^. antf p<|l-;i»hc«| ' |l.(%i>KS«-ra 

LaIiha." "Bib!! 4 .««« (ir«rA." l4«->** 4i>> in vbicb la ibe «tiMrf1«ti-i« tifi the 
" ** Bibliacra|ilua Aau^Mma . " he. 


being able to withstand the spicula of those armed legions that 
nightly infested us from the Fens. 

mali culices, ranaeqae palastres 

Abrumpunt aomnum ^Hor. Sat, i. 5, 14, ISj. 

Thousands we destroyed, & millions of these obstreperous Oirvii 
returned to the charge as oft as the sun sett, so that at last we 
were forced to quitt the countrej, & gett to town last night, to 
our great solace. 

Your Brazen-nose Society' is so new a design, to me at least 
that I never heard of it before the mention of it in your last ; the 
end of its institution I should be glad to hear, when it*s formed. 
Horse races will never attract me to wait upon my friends. I 
want no other motive than to enjoy their compmy ; but whether 
I can travell northward this summer, I am not yett able to 
dctermin. I went from Cottenham to Lord TownsendV, & staid 
a full week with him. If ever 1 spent a week as I could wish, 
it was that The beauty k delightful situation of the place, the 
friendly wellcome, the perfect liberty, the most admirable example 
in life, A: improving conversation I enjoyed there, is inexpressible ; 
A: happy shall 1 be if I can but follow my pattern, though God 
knows it never can be passibus axjuis. 

1 believe Mr. B. Bell, by ll[oger'8] letter I received from 
him, is now at Suunford. Not knowing how to direct to him, I 
have taken the freedome of enclosing this, 6i begg the favor of 
you to convey it to him. I am, with all services, dear Doctor, 

Your most faithful] hiunble tM;r>'aut, 

R. Gale. 

LXXXI. U. Gale ''to the Rev. Dr. Stukeley, at Stam- 
Foui», IN LiNcoLNsuiuE. Fbee, L. Smelt." — H. F. St. J. 

London, Sept 16, 1736. 
Dear Doctor, 

I cannot approach Stamford so near as Cottenham without 

giving you notice; & the rather because you have given me 

home hu|>e> of seeing you there at my first return to that place, 

' Foj:i<K J, uiui corricil oit for a while, bj Dr. i^tukclcj, at SuunfunL lu 
oUjccu were literary. tcicDUfic, and autiqnarimii. 

where I inti^ml to \h* iioxt WiHlne^clnv, if no chmm* acf^ident iiiter- 
vcn«*ft ; I (ihall Ih) tli«To in :i nnnner all miom*, Mre. Itott y' d«M*9i 
not ;;o alon^ with uw ; A: I hUi»(M»M» Newmarket, hunting, &, 
^hootin^ will take up inn^t of Mr. I<o;;fr*ii timr. A» my n»ming 
thorofore tu) rarlv in tho vcnr, while the wavs A: weather nnv 
Im* pMxl, Si nil it will Iw ;:rfat kin(inc9«*>e A: eharity to viMt an old 
friend in hi.n vilitiide, I ilatt4T mvfM*lf that I ^h:ill have iIm* 
pleasure of your eompnnv in my ^hort retirement, ^^hirh will noC 
In) of alwvo 3 wc<'k** duration at the inn^t. Aa M>nie amuM*nient 
I deiiire you would hrin^ with you the nketrh of the Koman iia^'c* 
ment' found thin Mimmer, near < hmcUe, whicli I hear vou hare 
drawn, as you do everything, mmt nieely. 

I thank vou for vt>ur kind invitation^ ti» fix mv MafTat Stan- 

• • • 

ford, & for offering me n jMMt in \our Itraxen-miM S<icirty, of 
whirh I nhall In* pmud, if :idmitti*<| an hom>rary memlicr, whieb 
i» ail I ran pretend in ; fi»r thnu::h tin* I'tijnytiii'nt tif ynur cfmviT- 
Mtion, k tbou;;h «m>Kw mi»liu« nitent [llor.^ Cann. lih. iv., .S.] at 
Stanford in a »m:ill il«'^ri*«* tlian at SiTutun. yrtt w-henevi*r I hid 
adieu to thift metro|M»li<i of villaiiy, it »hall In* to live u|Min muiio* 
i\\\T\g that I m:iy eall my fwn a^ hmg a% I t*njoy it, of mihi 
vivam qucNi »u|M*re«>t :i'vi. If viu fa\or me with a lim* by the 
return of tlie iMi*t, I ^hall Vw^w if vou f*an e«mtrilMitr t«» mv 

I • • 

happyneft^ in the oiuntrey, U'lore I h»avi» the town; a if my 
wi^hf^ are an«wrrt<<i pmpitiou^l^ , it will \4-ry niui'h :idd ti* tlie 
pleaauro of the appritiirhiii;: jnuniry of. di'ar lKM-ti*r, 

Your niiiat fjilhfull frirnd K humlile »or^ant, 

R Galc 

LXXXII. I{<n;i:i; i\\u. •• n» run Hi.\i». I»ii. Sti KiLtv, at 
STAifM»Hi», IN Li.No»i.N>inLi:. ' — li. F. St. J. 

I««ind.. iKnvmli. 14, lT3«i. 

Dear Duct4»r, 

• •••••• 

I told vou in mv U^t letter th.ftt there wm* X ur 3 

« • 

' iLiilprf (fair's sirtrr Khf J»*«-ti.. af!i r««r U apv-nfMl « ifr ••( |>r *»fuktir« 
' A r<-liiurr«l ilrawii.p: ••( tl.i* |i>A»t uh nt wl.i* ii m^ (••wiiil at t'«4U'rM>iik. 
!• i^ivcA in cmc uf Muki lev • vwluai«-a **i •kctcbc*. in tl«« pi«ai«»iua sA \hm kcv. 

u. r. M. Joim 


passages in Mr. Blackwell's Essa}' upon Homer which seemed 
to be sneers upon Prophecy and Inspiration, which I advised 
him to strike out, & that he parted with them so easily that I 
did not think him very sanguine in the supjwrt of them. I also 
then told you that I have not the least acquaintance with the 
Bishop of Lichfield. I am sorry he has not done you justice, 
but that, at present, is hard to be obtained, except those that are 
to do it can find some advantage to themselves in it. It is the 
fate of many a great family to have their bones ejected e domo 
sua asternali, to make room for those of some scoundrel tliat 
chances, a;::es after, to drop into possession of their seats & 
estate. Don't vou remember we saw the founder's tomb in the 
C'athedral of Hereford demulisht, «$: his bones scattered u]X)n the 
pavement, to make room for the carcase of a fine modern hidy, 
k that the |)ost, xhv same niirht, brought the news her husband 
was iolluwing her ? If you write again l)cfore we meet, I>ray 
ht nic know what familv lav in Cotterstock* Church, i arc now 
dis|)ossest of their sepulchres. 

PcqwtuuH rcrum luiUi daiur usuti, vl Hcercs — 
lIcLTCilciu altcriuit. vclut unda MUpcrvctiit undaui. 

[//i»r. £jf. ii,. 2.. 17"*., I7G.] 

I am, dear Doctor, 

Your most iaithfull friend & humble servant, 

R. Gale. 

LXXXIII. R Gale to the Revd. Dk. Stukeley.— 

H. F. 8t. J. 

London, April the 9tli. 1737. 
Dear D«K*tor, 

1 M*nt til eniiuire of vou at Mr. Si>son's tlie dav vou left 

vour lo(l;;in;rs, but too late to find vou. I am irlacl the <:out was 

so niereifull to you, iV that you had mi go^Hi a journey home, 

where I hojie you foun<l all well ; A: if you had the air colder 

there than at London, I believe it was aeeidt>ntaIK as it will lie 

some days colder here than others, or may l>e, lio more than in 

fancv, for I nuist t4>ll V(»u that I have often thou^rht vou arc one 

' This churcli (Cotu-nuick). haji the |«culiantT of a cbmnoel floor at a 
lower lcTi-1 thaii that of the nave. The uatural aoil fall* eastward. 

i^2 |llaCKLLANKoi'> roKkeMMNOKSiC 

of iiiudi the haino ki<lii4*y ah Hornet*, Romic Tibiir amai 
vt*lltoMl^, Tilmro H«»m:iiii. [Ilor. Ep. i. ^., li.] I aiii liartik 
til ink till* (IitliTcMiro of x\w clime wai* the c:iu*i» of th«* coU 
wi*atli<T voii mot with at Stan ford, iMTatiM: tin* ilij^tamv «>f tiic 
plaii*A in M) ^mall, iV that \vr had a<« c«>lil weatluT hi*ri* by the in- 
fiurnoi* <if the N.K. wind at that timr a^ uc* ha%'i* had at anv tiiiit* 
thirt l:i.<«t winter. I cont<'!«H* Sonitf>n i^ aft farr a^in tu tlio 
north, hut do a^.Hure [y«)uj I ne\or found the tem|M*r of tlH* air 
liy Ion;; e\|KTien«-e to In* mi inhuman an you imafpn. I ha\e 
|)a-vM*<l winter** then' \t'r\ oimfnrtdily, k if our |>oaM*, hcan», 4 
a|ij»le<« art* rijN* a fiirtni;:iit later in Y<»rkMhire than in Middloc'X, 
I think it a matti-r of no ^^reat ;;rio%Mner \ihcre I can call 
a huiall ^|Mit of ;:rouri«l my own« A: ran li\e «|uictly. a;;reeably,& 
inde|K'nd«-nt u|Min it. The hint time I wan at Cottenham« I wa^ 
fto pla^uoii with till* mali euIii-i-!% raiKE<|Uc |ialuMn*% it, the wono 
inhaliitant<«, %«ith whom I touiid I mutt live in a »tati* of pcr- 
|H*tual Harr, that I thfU det«'rmin«-d to fthake oflT the duiit, or 
rather mire, «if my ffi-t u|miii thmi ms <*<ion a<* |NrfisiUe, k, liave 
no^%, t«» niy ;;rrat ?*.iti^t.ietioii, allmoi^t ctmehidi'd a bargain fur 
the di«»jrtivdl of ni\ «ta;:na «*t in via* paluilf* tht*rt*. I have 
allw.i\-> th'iu^lit ntitiiin;: <*i»ulil U* more iloiralde than a few 
yrar^ to U* «»jMiit in ri'tit> im iit Ufon* ur ^t% oft" th«* Ma;yi% 
tV l*ro\jdrnrf h.i« ;:i\i II me my wi«h by «li<*mi%«in|; mv, I know 
ntit hiiu. from ni\ |itibl.rL i iiijiloym«'nl« e\er »in<Y whieh Mran;*e 
n*\oliiti«iii in mv .(tlair«, iii\ mind ha« U en bn«Vf^I nion* in c\m* 
tnviii;: how III pit out ol tlii« town, «V Imrly-liurly of life, than 
Imw to riiiitiiiiii III It ; ••mill. I )M-rt « )ii.^ atijUi* .iniiuti nuvum ante 
|Mre;;i. I'm/. .Hu. vi., P'.*!. Si tlii*. not a Midijen. in- 
<-Mit««ii|i'r.iti- r«*«<iliit Mill, but iii.iiiiri-l\ di}^-«t«il. A tor whi« h tin* 
M ill 111! i« *<» I. lid I IttijN !•• t-tli I I It Im {••n- th<' .iiiiiroaihin'* 
»iiiiiiiM-r i^ »j«'ril. Kl iiiilii \i\aiii «|ii«i«i «ii|h n-^t a*%i. 

rr>i|Miftiinu* lilac 
Nr ■enrarrntrm '|u-> »-r*, ardinafriuc viaav.i. 
Mum ri>i«A t'aiiitii-* 'liini |-riuia rt tvciJk •rAe«.lua 
|iuui •U14 r< ac 1^1* l.« ■! |U ■! iiir|iM*«i. rf |vlil«« mr 
r •' II. I :•. tu'l.i <!• %*rim •ul«-uiilr l«r:'l • ^[Jmr iii 21-?* ] 

1 11111*1 ( tiiiti «««• that I li.iM- hail ««*nii'iinH*« \f-rv an\i<m> 
* rnr.-. I'l I aiiliri|iftiril). mtrm* !•• U % Utlcf rtAijB^'. ^htettgh wamm \ 


thoughts u\yon this great cliange in life ; tlie difficultys in 
removing, the want, or rather the fear of my wanting eompany, 
when in my retirement, lon^ winter evenings, and twenty other 
Mop^oXvKkia have not a little disturbed me ; hut, above all, the 
breaking off a valuable acquaintanee that I have contracted with 
many a worthy man, and the debarring myself from tin? enjoy- 
ment of their friendship has touched me the closest of any of my 
perplex itys ; and I do most sincerely assure you that tlie 
prospect of having but little conversation with yourself, except 
now & then by a letter, hits been of the heaviest concern to 
me. I console myself, howev<;r, with tiie pl<;a.sure of luuiring 
now and then from vou &, them ; and that an accidentall visit 
sometimes from an old fricnil drop|)ing in at my cottage will give 
me an unex|>ected happynesse. One great misfortune attends 
me above the rest, which is your strong attraction to the Sun, 
while mv circumstances draw me to the Pole. Ilac in re scilicet 
una multum dissimiles. [//or. JUp. i., 10., 3.] 1 wish it could 
possibly l)e otherways, but see no rcme«ly, so nuist submit ; we 
can never have all thin^ifs to our mind, but wherever mv lot 
places me, I shall allways remcmljcr Doctor »Stnkelcy, and desire 
to Ui still esteemed bv him as a trut; friend 

And faithfull humble ser\'ant, 

IL Gale. 
As for giving away of my Yorkshire estate, wc have a 
pn)verb there, advising never to pull off our doublet before wo 
go to bed. 

LXXXI V. R Gale " to the Revp. Dr. Stikeley, at nis 
House, in Stanford, Lincoi^shire." — H. F. St. J, 

London, May 31st, 1737. 
Dear Doctor, 

Your last gave me great jiK'asure, since it plainly 
approved of my design to retire, though your frieiHlship 
endeavoured to ;jive lUf reasons to the contrar\*. We often 
argue according to our inclinations, and fancy wc an* in the* 
right, but irresistible truth will show itM*lf through all th<r fulse 
colours wo can spread u])on it. 

2tM MtM^KLLASKors rciimr>r«iShicyrR. 

Tlio iMH|Uostriiij; myself in a ^rt-al iniTiMiro fnim many vnlii- 
al»l«* an|uaint;in4-i* i** whal •»ti«k'% tin- iliiM-*t li» nir. i^til I cNnnfiirt 
niVM'lf wiili tlif lii»|N*!« lit HMiu'iiuH'o M*«iii^ %V MHiMiinu** In-ar- 
in^ from Mnm* of tliiMii ; iV uln-n I want tliat pli*a^uri*, uhirli I 
fear will \h* oft4*n«*r than I <-iiuM \vi*«ii, I inu^l U* <-untt*iiC uilli 
fillini; up nivtimr with thi* i>4>n\t'r^ation I ran allwav^ itminiaiMl 
ani«>n^ my <»M frirndd in lratlii*r i-tnt* at homi*. «V mi< h ulltrr 
nmiiM»nii*nt*t ■'« tho <<«»nnlrev will attoii! ni«* ahnuil. Ni*itlirr ibi 
I il(*^|)air i>t <4^*iri;; I)|-. Slukrlry imicn* ninri' at S«*niti>n. though 
nuch an iMicniy to tho north ; "^iniv a tint* tVifiMUhip will make a 
man (liH|M*nrc witii t'arr ;;rt*ut«*r nii*«»ii\rni4*nri-*k A (lirticult\«» than 
A jf>nrn(*y to om* who ha.** tlu* Mnriir<%t ri';ni'*ril t^r him, at a 
;!(Mm1 time ot' the year. 

I am ^la<l to find you ^ on uiih yonr raia-o^^raphia Sarra, 
ha\iti;^ Ui^n a|i|iri*hrii<«ivf* yon hail ilropt that |H'rt«irnian(^' hy 
\i>nr not h.n in;; putt anv thin;; of intun- intu tin- |iri-**«* 
la^t uintiT. t'iit\» wa^ a nauii* (*«inuiioii in tin* kin:;- nl Fr.iiN*r, 
lint in inv *«mall rt-adiii:; 1 n«*\«-r mi*tt with a ;;ihI)|i-«^- mi cmHoI : 
I«if!M\ 1 «ti)i|MiM*, :ri\t*^ y«in ;;<m»i| anthmity tor it, «mi I jkhall ijkr 
it U|H»n ttu-t. hilt whrii yoii writ«* iii-xt j^hinilil Im* i^ljil ii» know 
Miiiu* of hiH |iriMit-, iitii hatin;; th«- <foiha Nntiifn. li.i «V tli«* linrr\* 
I am in at |in*M'nt n«it iriviii;; iiir tinii- tn ;.'ii a U»tk-liuiitiii;:. I 
am atr.iid \tiii w.ll lianily |M>r'«ua<li- tin* ;jrritt>-t part nl \i»ur 
rra*ltT« that ihf ri'^>mhlant«i-^ nf many ;;rral )N*r^in* iiirnti«»iHil 
in till* Script un*^ an* pr^*M.Tvifl u|iuii hoaihrn oiiiii^, iiii»ii|»h a i:rrtd 
ikiinilitiiili' i^ kept ufwin tln'm from tlio oMcM tn tli«»«4* of lairr 
timr^. For, althiiti^h Mum--, Jo-.hiia, ari>i nthi-r illiiMrinu^ \vt* 
!i<ina;:i*<« may In- ailniiihrali^i in thrir ri*liL:iiiii« rii<'->, \vt it i« hanl 
tti iMliri'i\o how anv tni«* n*^ inlilanri* <<f thrir ! h^ « «h«iuM \m* 


l»MM*r\i^l, «iiii !■ If n.i« ii..t laut'iij! f.i •{• 'in< .ill tin in while 
ii^iii;;, iitir Ii4*l thf\ «»kiil t'nou;^li tii tin u in iho^- rtiili- «\ i-arlv 

I ilon't ijtiuht hut \oti lia\(* M<«n tin* a«Ui rti-i imni n-latin-* to 
our Irit iii| Mr. Hill in iIm* I/'iiiilnn (la/rlti-A St.iiiil>*ri M« n*iirv. 
III* ih oin^l fill' li» ;;rtt hi« Majr«l\*ft |i;irihiii, atitl tn piahii«li hi* 
io\n linimiM* at a rrwanl. fur a iIim^iiit^ i»f ihf \tlliiiiT 
ih*«i-iii-«l ajaiii«l hiiii, wliirh I |Mrt«iriiii^l ; hut ha%t* li«-ar«l 
hotliin;: In Mil him »in«-t* pnhhcMtion. I t-ah*l think llN*y liarr 


murdered him, since we should have heard of it in the news- 
papers, had they ett'ected their purpose. If you know an>i;hing 
of this affair, I beg a little information. iSucli a horrid attempt 
must be a cruel misfortune to him, at his first coming into the 
world, as I may call it 

This day fortnight I propose going to Cottonham, stay there 
about ten days, and then bid adieu to it. I should rejoice to sec 
you once more tlierc, l)efore I take leave of the mali culices, 
ranoequc palustros, that I may have some pleasure in the day, 
thougii no rest at night, it am, dear Sir, 

Your most faithfull k obliged humble servant, 

R. Oale. 

All our best services attend your lady and family. 

LXXXV. R. Galk to Samuel Gale. — H. F. St. J. 

Scruton, OctoU 25, 1737. 
Dear Brother, 

It is a little strange to me that you have not yctt heard 

from Mr. Barnett. I sup|N>so the Cottnaiuites, never expecting 

to see me again, don't care whether they pay me any of their 

rent or not ; but have let them know by a letter last |>ost, that I 

know how to reach them, though at present I am so remote from 

their habitation. I am s<»rrv you have had no better success 

yett in letting the hous**, but by your assistance* hope to gett 

Mr. Tliornton for a tenant whvu he comes to town. The china 

crackers 1 (h'sire vou to kc«'p till I see vcai, unlesse von have 

some extrnonlinary <'aus<* c)l* joy, to diM-liar;;e them before. 

As for your custom-house rc»moves I do not well understand 
them. Sir n[ol)ert] B[aylis] seems, however, most plainly to 
Ih» turned out ; Mr. Trelawnev** A: Mr. Westlev to lie removed 
from their stations in Scotland to the Board at Ix)ndon, but who 
succetnls them in Scotland ? or who succeeds Mr. Trelawney 
when he goi*s to his Jamaica Government ? 

I thank you for your pn*panition of 4|uarters for me. I had 
hopes of l>eing callcHl to London the beginning of next mouth« 

• Vidf p. 233 fi. 

iW} MlS('CLLAl|^Ors CX}Ull£Hl*aNDCNCE. 

I>ut a IrttiT la^t |MMt from Mr. (latwanl U'\U nio my affairH are 

ptiHliin;; fon^'unl witii :ill tin* i*\|NM|itiiiii |Mi">%ili|f. Imt <if'«ir«*^ me 

not t4i lN*;;in my jmiriii'v till li«* \^riti'!« to mt* that rvrry tlnn^ it 

rt*a(Iy, m» that my takin;; ht>rM* (ie|H*iicl'% uikmi a MimtiHiii^ from 

him, whioh I ran oIm*v at a (lav or twoV warn in ': wiM-ncver 

I nhall n*o<MW it. Wt* (ia<M«* our time* Imtc* in pNni hrahh ^ aa 

picaniintly as thf ch'vfrnion of a hoiiH«» full of workmen will 

afford 114 all th«* «lav, ^ iit ni^jht we have o mutant I v thr Hililo 

ph'aMin* of a t'lill asM'mUy. two tulil«*s at ran in, A; a M*tt for 

tlanrin:;. Wo hav«* a haml for a tn»wrll all iIjv, at ni:;ht tur aa 

fmv a fi(i(ll(» a^ (ra4|ijirinrii : while the* Min }>hini*M we havi* an 

A|»|H'II«*<(, at rari<ll(^li;xh: \u* is a |MTff'<-t A)miIIii u\itni tlir 

ha:ri»i|M*«« ^ fiMiU it a*« nimMy a^ Mrn. N(*ar» lLil|>ho, whom ho 

miu-li rr^'mWr«* in tin* iihvz, A ^vh hi<* fatluT travrlhij ofton 

into NorthtiinlN*rlari(l« mi that h«* (i<N'« not knuw hut In* A Ilalplio 

niriy In* r«*Iat«il. T*i th<'<H* I niunt adil a |>l.ii«tin^r who t^in^"! liki" 

a ni::litin;;ah*, i^ a ri»m)ilfat ma<«trr nt' all dancing, Frrnc-h 

minnit>, S|iani*«h ••araliand^, Kn:;!i^h« <*«iiintri*y A (*«»nii(\ A: i« iho 

di*Ii::lit ot all th<* iiiaiiU. Mv hImit iz'iw^ lirr M*n ii*<* to v«mi. t 

MV4 voii fkhall ha VI* a linr fnim h«*r after a whih*. Imt whotlicr it 

i<> to )m« a liin:: whtli* or a «»lii«rt while I ranih*t iiilMnn voti. 5Ir«. 

Ili'Vt'lv M'tt out ti»r lyitidon l.i^t Stniilav iniirnini*. Mv M*r\irc 

• ■ 

to .-ill till* whi^kiTH ttwT till* %«av. A ri»ii''r:iiii):iti«>n« ti» Mr. Ni*al 
U|H)n hi^ rf<iiverv. 1 nm, di-:ir H[riitlMT], 

Vour miM att'ivtinnatr hrothcr, 

Pray •oml I). WW hy the tint po«t. 

liXXXVI. H. (lAi.K. ii« >AMtKi. ti\i.K. II. r. St. .1. 

N<>\lir. Cith. 17.17. 
Dear BrotlM*r, 

I thank von tur the notii*o of Mr. Ikirn-tV n*luni«. k 

4l«-«irt* \ou U* kit'ii the u**U*^ A nion<'V hv vnu till vuii lirar 

' • • • • 

faniM*r friiiu ni«*. I wi^ti I oiuM intonn y*u i*f mv M*tcinfv fur- 
wani for Iii>nd«in. Th«* fnu* wratlK*r w«* ha\«* hatl for Uiiii Uj4 
fi»rini^lit nukoa mi* wi«li that it had Iup|4-IM^I Icfon* now, ImI 1 


must wait a summons, wliich I impatiently expect from Mr. 
Gatward, before I take my journey. I am much obliged to my 
triends that don't forgett me, & rejoice to find Sir Rob. BayHs is 
not out of your Commission. My best 8er\'ices to him, Sir Rob, 
Corbet, Mr. Fairfax, and all that ask after me. 

I must congratulate you upon your conquest, since not only a 
good sum me of money seems to have depended upon it, but even 
your place itself was in danger had you been bafled in your 
cause ; but, as ilr. Neal says, what shall we say unto these 
things ? for an officer not only not to l>e supported in the faith- 
full discharge of his duty, but to be threatened, & even to run 
the hazard of loosing his emploiment, for going through it with 
honor & integrity, is a thing scarcely heard of till these days ; 
but true it is, as I have found by experience — one of my chief 
crimes being my not consenting to the landing of 11,000 gallons 
of rum against law. There are other arts of more efficacy to 
carry a man through the world than fidelity & appli&ition in 
executing the trusts comiin'tted to him. I hope, however, you 
will not meet with the same returns as I did ; but should the 
like reward attend y(»u, I wish you the s;imo ease and quiet of 
mind that I enjoy, wliich I do assure you I was much a stranger 
to for inanv vears before mv late retirement ; & should vour 
enemys give you no longer occasion to reside at London, 
iV Hampste<I grow out of tast with you, I ln)|>e, by that time, to 
have fine grai)es to entertain you with at Scruton. 

We continue all well here, only my sister has been plagued 
with the tooth ach, & a swelled face all the last week. We are 
glad to hear Mr. Neal has gott over his fitt of the gout, &, wish 
him soon to reeover his strength again. Sir Hugh Smitlison & 
Mr. C*rc)vv made us a visit last night about 5, sup|MHl, & spent the 
evening till after 1 1 ; then went k lay at the SaluUition ; wo 
could not prevail with them to take be<ls, being to go very carlv 
n|X)n a journey this morning. Pray let your man, Greorge, 
cany this hotter, that comes hen»with, to Sir Hans Sloan ; 
he iiecnl a>k for an answer to it. I am, clear B[rother], 
Your most atiix-tionate brother 6i bumble servant, 

U. Gaul 


liXXXVII. Dr. Sti-kelky's Epitaph for his Wife's Tome, 
AM» Mattaihk's Ciuticisms anp EiiEsnATioNH or it. — 
H. F. St. J. 

H. S, E. 
F*r:inci<i<«a uxor Willirlmi Stiikrloy hujun f'C(*lc9iiu.» Ufclons (ilia 
Ili)lM«rti WilliniiiMuiy dt* Allin^on pro|i4* Graiitlmn, ^rn4*ro*i, 
ex (VnnciMra iixon* t* Ka<*«»ii(iruiii antitjua pra!ia|iia apud liiirton* 
L:itiiii(*ry in .'itrro Nortli:iiitiiiiiriisi. Kirmiiia pia, puilira, 
prill icns, 4|iiaD moiiti*i i';;ri*;:iaA tiotc*?* purivMiniA nioribuA t-xroliiit, 
A|N*rto, |N*ctorv vi sine t'uc-o, tai^erc Uiiu'D fariquc op|iortuniiu 
htu<iiiiL 4Slir|N* et iiuiolc ;;riu*ru!(;i ; oui liuiiiilitafl cum cli;;nilato 
Cdrijtincta, iiiiimiitii*« |;^ata MiiiplioitaA. In n* (l<»tnc»tic& atlinini»- 
tramia pluriniift prior, nulli Hcvuiula : ot yplcnclori d(v«*nti non 
(lof*Mc t*t fni;;alitati nitida* cimnulrrr prulio nuvit. Vrrani id 
ii:ipi(*ntiam nita qiKv nintrniKiH nia\iin«** docuit, Tv% »ua» ruraro, 
alirnnn i;;ni>ran\ «*til|Kindi :in?»;iin uw dan* nw arri|M*ri*. Vale* 
tii<liiiom rii*t:ini ^avitor <*( in prriprio v*^'\i n4*;*ntio ; adwrnani 
pliiMpiani faMuina fortiirr trrfliat. IMa« idi^Muia niortc »U4*('a- 
l>uit S*pt. 1, 17:(7, xtati^ nuiv 4<). Filia!i nrlitpiit iu \tvi%, 
Fr.iiuiM-ani, Annum, Mariam. I{«m* niarmor lti-ti<»<«inia* ciin- 
ju;;ift nirnioria; Kionini mfM*rt'n« V, mantti^. 

Oranp* Street, Oi-t. 27, 1737, 

Hi*twiH-n HlfMimOiury and IUhI Li^m S(|tumi. 

Itevenl. and I>ear Sir, 

I am lH*aniI\ M>rr%' tiir vnur l«>«^ of a tH*rM»n wIhmic 

. • • I 

virlui* «V Hnrtli I ^a<» :iri|ti.iint«^l uitli Utn*z 'm tore \ou. 

ViMir in^*riptii>n i« ^iu'li :ih \**n ili-^in*, plain, 4*a">y, \ ^mal 
I«attn. lIowr%<T, ]»i*nnit nic, a% a tVifml, to otlrr wliat lii|low« 
t«i \our ct»n*»itieration : — 

rMri%Mmi<» tn«>riliu^ i-xtN-ltiil ; nr, inr«irru|»ti« inf»ribtt« 

Op|H>rtuniua ntuduit ; or, m iu|H-r tip|inrtun«> ntuduit. 

Stir|io et in«I«ile ; or, ill «t>r|4*, it a ind<»lt% fi»r the ^irjm 
^fntrth»a i« ain-ady nientii»ni^i. 

HumiliUn cum digntuie cfnijuiietj ; c»r, (fur hmnililMii 


though a Christian virtue, yet in ancient Latin is no commenda- 
tion,) summa <rravitas cum singulari comitate conjuncta, (those 
arc Tally's words,) cum muuditiis <jrratii simplicitiis. 

Veram id, i\:c., dccuit ; or, (leaving out id and ordering it 
thus) veram quoe matronas maximc decct sapientiam rata. 

Ignorare ; or, pnetermittere. Or, rather, let the whole 
sentence run thus : Rata nihil matronam sapicntem magis 
decora, quam res suas, &c. 

Valetudinem, &c., ncgotio ; I don't perfectly understand 
what is meant bv valetudinem e^it, nor can I thoroughly take 
the whole cl:ius(». 

Plusquam tirmina fortitur fercbat ; or, suo scxu fortior 

Snccubuit ; or, occubuit. 

You'l excuse the freedom I have taken ; by which 'tis h'kely 
I havp cx|)oscil my i;;norance. 

Sir Hielnl. Ellvs' (with whom I dined vestenlav) stirrs not 
out of liis study, and lives u|Min liquids more than meat. 
Though he is I'mit from enjoying his jwrlret health, yt»t he shews 
a Christian patience under his infirmities, and a wonderful 
eh<H*rftilne«»s in his conversation. 

Mv little familv thvsires to be remembered to vou. 
I am. worthy Sir, 

Your faithfull friend \* most humlile servant, 

M. Mattaiur. 

liXXXVni. W. Stikklev **t() Sami'el Gale, Esq., at 

THE CrsTOM lIoi'SE, Li)NI»ON.** — H. F. St. J. 

Stamford, 2 Feb., 1737-8. 
Dear Friend, 

Your br<»ther hap|>ened to lose a good place : I happened 
to los4« a g«MHl wile. The use I make of it, is not to burj" mynelf 
alive, bui to study how I may l»c»st im|>rove this dis|}ons:ition of 
Providence for His i;lorv iV mv «»wn comfort. I have ino«t 

' Of No(U»n Priorj. Liiicohishire. now tlic |>ro|iiTtj of the MarqucMi of 


matiin^ly coiiAitlon'd the affair, k pur|K>so tn enter inUi an 
alliaiK*!* with you : to ki'oii a houM*, a maid, and a man, v>mc 
httli* (iistaiK'e fr(»m t«>n*ii, at Tiitfiiham (.Vom, or IIam|wteil, or 
i\u* liko : wht*rt* you arc to n*|KiMr when }'ou aally out of 
ruino|Hjli(i, whiUt I make um> of your urban |>aIa£zo in return. 
Thiii I |)ro|M>so Ut your (H>n!(id(*nition, &, dcnire your anawer. I 
am not yrt 50, Si think \in t«K> iMMin to ri'tirt* into a black boz« 
but niav imibablv have 20 v«*nrs vrt to come ; but mv reMilution 
iii fixt, iV uImuU L:i(ly-4iay I ho|»e for the plranuro of waiting on 

you. \W have mtil rnouiih to niakt* thr lM*»t of life, and not 


wilfully <ut ourM'lve^ off fnnu any of iu rational enjoymenU. 
I appn-lifhd by that time thiA eonie^ to \ou, your brother will \m* 
conn* fint. I pro|M>m* the laxt pleasure of waitin;; on him nortb- 
wanlii a*i a^ Newark. &, never can think of p>ing further. I 
am auia/4'«i at hi<« jud;;ment, ^ extremely narry for it. I luivc 
tr\<^l \Mtli ^reat earne^tnt'^s to |H*rMiade him a;:ainnt it, <k tlut 
mu*«t !<iti*«ty me. I \in\n* to ^|»end many happy y9ftur% with you. 
At leant, I will emleavor it, \ am, with preat respect. 

Your m«i!«t faithful humble nenr ant, 

\V. Stukxlet. 

(juo lata vucant et melior fortuna M*«{uamur.* 

LXXXIX. H. (Jalb "t<> the Rev. Dr. Stckeley, at Mb. 

S|>sok's, at the 1X)IIKER OF BEAUVtiRT nClUUNGS, UC THE liOSDos."— II. F. St. J. 

Seniton, May 5tby 1738. 
IVar I>octor, 

I hav<* lieon Ion;; imlebted to you for your fa % or nf April 
1 1th, uhirh 1 do a««un» y«Mi, th«>u;:h |KTha|Mi \ou may not believe 
it, ha« \M*vn iN*ra*ioneil by nmch bu «yne««M* ^ com|>any in tbia 
M»Iiiud«>, but netxiuary k ap-i-eabh-. Y<iu. I ln'ar, an* at prwent 
\erv happy in the convrruitiiiii nt the literati in our inland meln^ 
|iiib«, t\ enji>\in^ yciuPH^If then* till vnur villa at Tutenham ta 
fiiicni fi»r your retvption. I : ui •* happy in my by|ierburean 
retirenii lit, whieh |:ivi*^ me new d«li;;lit% v\rr\ ^lay, & a cuoletilp 

* A» the line iloM aoC aoan. U Mi m* u^ !«• •Iifracol tr%^m iLe, Ode^ bk L, 
VII., ta i aad llf . JAk T. 70i. 


ment & oase of mind that I have been long a stranger to. I 
must own that I cannot help sometimes wishing for yours, & the 
conversation of another friend or two, but in the main I find I 
have more company, & lesse time to myself, than I desire. You 
certainly have had as much experience of the city & the countrey 
life as most, & consequently are as good a judge of both ; & 
though you seem weary of, & determined to abandon, the latter, 
yett you plainly give the preference to it, by taking up your 
residence there, though within the smoke of the town : & I do 
assure you it was allwa}'8 my wish, as I have often told you, to 
have a little leisure time upon my hands, & a few hours that I 
might call my own, before I went off the stage, & where I can 
spend them better than in an agreeable house & gardens where 
I am intirely master, & in a pleasant, healthy countrey, which, 
had your lot cast you into it, you would not have thought a 
Siberia. I am sorry that I must say we are 

Hfic in re vcilicct una 
Maltum diiisiinilcs, et oetera |tcne gcmeUi. — [Har., Ep, i., 10. 3]. 

As for what you say of my talents & acquirements being lost 
to the world, I take it all for compliment ; I have no ambition 
digito monstrari et dicier hie est \^Per9. Sat. i.], «Sc if my friends 
will now &, then add a little bv a letter, to what I am informed 
of from the presse, it will be as much in the scienttfick way as I 
shall desire, & render the way of life I am in easy k chearfull ; 
for I <lon't give myself any great thought whether it is to be long 
or short ; though the uninterrupted state of health I here enjoy 
seems to s|>eak of a wisht for longaevity. 

Vivo et rcpio. n\m\x\ iMtA reliqui, 

QuK Ton ad aelum effcrtiii rumore Hocundo.— 7/ar., £p. i^ lo. *j, 

Mrs. CVecd & her two daughters have given us their agree- 
able company hero these ten days, 6i I ho|)e we shall have it as 
many more. She has been called into those part^ by the Don 
DiegoV last will k testament of a sisUt, who has constituted her 
Executor & Administratrix of mon* goods and chattels than she 
was worth by half, iV made her two daughters residuarv legatees 
of the rest, bv which thrv arc onlv like to fjott a Torkshine 
journey, & a great deal of fruitlesse labor for their pains. At 

tnv (ii'Mre tlirv rallitl at voiir Iioum*. an tlirv went tlin>ui!ii 
Staiiitnnl, (or the twti >ilv<T c*«iin<« left %vitli vou l»v Mr. (*iilliii% ; 
hut you wi*r«* thru flown ticariT U» tlir <*iiii. In* {iIcmmnI, tli<»ri*- 
fi>rr, it* vou rirrvinl iUvui with vou, to iii*li%'iT ihciii to mv 
hrothor, who, I lM'hc\i*, uill in a ^ht»rt tinir ha\oaii ii|i|Mirtuiiity 
of M^'ihliti;; thoni to mo ; iV: h« lu'Vi* nu>, wherever I 11111, ilcar 

Your ini»?»t faitlilull iVicud iV humble M*rvaiit, 

U. Haul 

Whoii('V«T vou f4%or me with .1 hue, dinvt it tc 8cnitufi, 
n«*ar Iliil.ile, Yi»rk-hirr. 

' Whrii th«* IrtCcr arri\«'«l« Hr. Stukelov hati h'fl lor Lincuhi- 
•hirr, iV. it wan rr-tlin-etiM! to him at •Stamloni.] 

X<'. FlU»M I>i:. SriKKI.KV CONc KUMN*; Till*. sKrovn PARTOI* HIS 

l*Ai..i:«)(;i:Ai'iirA Sa«ua, %V tiik kam«mn TAiiri.\ I>i\r\, 
iMi. Mi:.\ii'> riKiK OK rAiMiNt. h;mm ihk Skihuj iiui» i»k 

NanoM,"* iV A PIKrK OK MoSAh KUoM Arijl*STt-*> iUriu 

Stan I fori L 'MMi Julv, li.M. 
Ui*arr*t Sir, 

I want ti» Mt* \iiU 4it .ill (htn;:'«; I li.i\«' Hr4»tt- thi« -umnuT 
a (li^-tMir^* on the M\^l«*rii-'« of tli«- An(*iiiit«, \ ^ouhl winin:'Iv 
iMMununii'atr it ti* \«iu Ulnri- I |ir:Mt it n« \l uinter, a« nnmU'r 
II. {** ni\ l'.i!.r«i;;r;i)ihi.i S.k ra. M\ fr:i n 1 \Varf»urttin lia« »lii*Hn 
u^ \ irjiT^ ih-M-t-nt into lli-ll a« .m inin.itit>n inti> iht* in\ «li*ric«. 
I «'arr\ it niu* h l.irtli«T than hi> lia^ lii'Mr, A ^\u*\\ that tli«' taniou^ 
T-il<!«' ••> l«i« i« a m.i;:tntiri>Mt |iiftnri* iii«rM»r. u h't h I exiJain 
lar^'i'K.A I !>• Ill \i t«i tilt <«.iti-t.i«-ii 11 •>! t* • It.iiiitil. I !.iL«* iht* 
Tahh* A I uit It into |tin"i*, A *ht«u ii i«. !■ .m .K;^\|':i4n ti-Hi|iir 
»|iri'*l in 1*1 iiiii : that it i« tlu* ni\«ii<.il !*• tti|ili- HJiin'in tU-y 
initMti'^l nil«* iIm* ni\«tirii'«: (hat it i* .1 T«'iii|>li* in innt:iliMn itl' 
SilMmon**, A ni.i'h- niu« h in iIn* %inii- |>rM|Hirthtnft, i«in«iMin;; «if 
a iMin h. ;i <«anr*iuni, A a ^ain-tnni vimtitrtnii. I ili««-«*uni«* of lln.* 

J}. > f..- .r «k \» M •: I- 'I'.'l I . t'.i >• I . . I ' • !• N.»»--i>t. I ut .!• tK«- \|i rite 

1^ i:.* -i;ii 


Dii Cabin, Samothracian rites, &c, ; & show in a new metliocl 
their origin & meaning, & that they are the very first seeds of 
idolatry, as my predecessor, Bishop Cumberland,*® suggests, & 
the first deviation from the most ancient, true, patriarchal 
religion. I shall engrave the table afresh, in pieces according to 
the model, so that whoever pleases may paste them so as to made 
a Temple ; I give a plate likewise of the Temple intire. Mr. 
Watts accommodates me with his plate in Humphreys's trans- 
lation of Montfaucon. I have allso made a magnificent drawing 
in perspective of that Temple, but it is rather too bigg for engrav- 

Poor Mattaire is now at Belvoir with the duke, I think the 
Critic is in a declining state of health. I visited MeaduSj ho lias 
gott a piece of painting from the Sepolchro de Nasoni near Romo 
— he fancys it a club of Augustus, Mecaenas, Agrippa, Horace, 
Virgil, & a parcel of the like good company ; ho has allso gott a 
piece of mosaic, made of bitts of marble from Augustus's palaco 
on the Palatine Hill. 1 found the man as usual, beset with a 
parcell of sycophants, puti';>, 6i what not ? but your stroet I could 
not boar to passe. 

Vale, vir amicisdime, et amatui amantissimum. 

Wm, Stukeley. 

XCI. K. Gale '*to Mk. Samcel Gale, at Mr. Pyke's,'* ik 
Bedfoud Kow, London." — U. F. St. J. 

Soruton, Augst. 1st, 173^. 
Di»ar Brother, 

The account I received from yuu a;jrees wrll with mine, of 
which I could not be exactly certain, because of sonic* minute 
particulars I had desinnl you to exiiend for me. I return you 
my thanks for the trouble you have taken u|Hin yuu, us alls4i for 
that in receiving my 2S.S. annuity <V bank 3 p cut dividend. I 
am afraid the warr with Simiu^'^ will cause a great fail in tlio 

** Vitlr Autobiughrapby. p. •*4. m. 

*' A watchmaker. 

>' This war was not dvclarcd until OctoU'f 23. 17S*J. 

3<»4 MlhCELLASCurh i'tiUUI>|*OSUENCE. 

M<x*kH : Imt wo lunl l>iU«-r i«utlfr mi (imii Ik: »u outrm^^ioiulj 
iiiMiltiNi liy till* clotiH, tV ^utYvr tlieiii to wiiar warr u|)on tin, while 
wr l;iin4*ly niltivati* a M*arulalf>u?» |M*acv with thcni. If tho nowt 
of thin tell^ ti.H trutli, wi* Iia\f riti IfsH than M men of warr in 
C(»mmiM«ion, a fnn*e sufficient to Mow Jack S|)aniard, ^ tome of 
hJH n«>i;:hliorM t/Mi, out of tho iirtMn, if our niininucloroA Jo not nail 
with thi'ir hand a tyfil, iV ^un^ niu/i^hii. I hojM* they ^o with 
larp*r o«»nimiMionA <k more oxten*«ivo onit*ni. than |ioor IIoMcr. 
Wo heani vour i^tornM k thuiulor at a ^rrrat dintancis bat had 
nothing! of cIania;;o liom* hy them hon\ Krr>thor Charlo* gallop* 
<lo\\n hill, lii< <l<N'tor!% "^ay h«> lanrmt Ij\t' Inii^. Ho will li^%*e hin 
family in a \rry had iMinilition I foar, L'in:; not to be {irvvaihil 
niMin to niako a uill hv all that I, «V nthrr fri<*niN, ran nav to 
him, iV we liMvo ;:n'al ro.i*>-iti t«i think him mui-h indoht.^ unwil- 
liniT lii^ rirfUiMManit*^ ^houlfj In* ri-vrali-d. U-foro ho h-ave* tho 
ui»rlil. I ht-ar \u^ li\in;;(if |Saniin;:h:iiii. whi<'h in worth 3iiU/. 
p ann. i** allrr;uly (li^|HiMil of tn onr Mr. NimI, riTtor of i'nifl, 
altoiit In iiiih*'^ fn»ni thi« |ikit'r, \%hi«*h i<« rinl unlik«*ly« lioin;; hu«- 
hund |t> om* lit tip- iliMh (it Ihirhafii*<« dauijhti-r^. All oIm* lH*rv 
an- uril, *V v«iur liuml*h' MT\aiii i*. di:ii l-nitlur, 

Vnur Mio^t at!«-4*tionate hiothi-r, 

K. <fALt:. 

I h.i\r %%riiii* ti* Mr. I'lihliiil, a !••! tril;.-lit ^inlv. jlmnt W. 

Xi'Il. U. <iAi.K ••T«i Mil. >\MiKi. fi\i.r, AT Miu PykcV, in 
nf:i>>uni» lluw, LiiMMiN." — II. F. >t. J. 

SiTutim, Aup»t. i:Uh. 173M. 
I)i'ar rir»t!lnT. 

]\\ tlii« linii* I «u{i|iii^* \iiu h.i%«* p.ii I m\ hill nf llfn/., ^ ^» 
I ro k«*n tliiTi' nil! iIh-u Im du<* !•• im- tVioii vou £1.1 4%. nI., a 
ff«i <«iiilliii.'« |mt1m|<« undtT or ti\iT, A liv thi% |Mr»t I ha%r tlrawn 
4 I'll tijHiii ytt, |ii\.ililt- «i\ •!.!%« :iti4 r date, to Mr. Mrti-lMT 
Gdr*. fnr XVi .'^^ i^l. 

]\\ Oi*' >{iiiii«h •!• 'tiaiiiU in ihi^ ili\'<« now">|ia|4*ri»y I hImiuIiI 
tliiiiK ••ur !>«'•(*• •I<N « ri*>( J** ••n «<» «^^ iiiiiiiin:jl\ a« «*ur »lm'k« 
M^ i.i i.> j«>r(«ttd : ti>r •iitil\ \\*- •lull n>ii fivjll Admiral Hailduw 
A.« iiii'\ r«^|tiiri*, till Ml ha\« iimrr «uti«l4t*tii»n ^\«ii iii» ihaa ibr 


entring into a treaty with the dons, but I will not say what we 
shall submit to, rather than go to blows. How shall [we] be 
ridiculed by all the world, if we lay up 107 uien of war without 
firing a <;un, for that is the number now in commission ? Par- 
turiunt montes must be the motto of the soverei«:ns of the seas. 
Your story of the petition is very comical ; I wish it might work 
a reformation in the person it was delivered to, instead of bring- 
ing a punishment u|)on the supplicant. I have made a present 
to Trin. Coll. Cant, of my manuscripts, which I thought was as 
iiood a way as any to preserve them fmm dis|>ersion or the oven ; 
<fc by a letter from Dr. Knight I find they intend to compliment 
me with the ^etting my picture over the classe where they stand 
in the library. If therefore the doctor applys to you for a copy 
of that done by Mr. Whood, be pleased to let him have it done 
again by the saint* hand, for I hear it nmch commended, iSc no 
one can do it better than he that took the original. Our har\'est 
was very promising, a great deal of it down, but this last week 
we have a grt»at deal of wett weather, iN: it still threatens us. In 
a day or two I expect Dr. Walker,* the vicemastrr of Trin. Coll., 
iV' another gentleman here ; at the latter end of the week Baron 
Clerk iV his mju from Edenburgh ; A: about a fortnight henco 
Brown Willis to stav with me ten davs, so that 1 am like to have 
a good deal of company in my solitude. My sister gave you an 
account last |M»st (»f the sad condition |>oor bn»tlier (*harles is in. 
He is vftt alive, «V' by his strength may continue s<»me tlays, but 
is still v<Tv dflirious, restlessi* A: uneasv, S4» that it is a sad si;;ht 
to s<.i» him. I am, dear Brother, 

Your moM atl(cti(»natc brother iV humble siTvant, 

It Gale. 

XCIII. U. (i.\LK **T0 Samuel Gale, Esg., at Mk. Pyke's, ik 
Bki»koui» Row, London." — II. F. St. J. 

Scruton, Augst. 18th, 1738. 
Dear lirother. 

Last Wednenday night, about eleven «»VI*ick, dyetl our 

' John Walker was CraTcn ichoUr in 1712. 

3<M1 MlsrEI.LANK«»ls «ii«RKslMMiKSCF. 

bnitiirr Cli:irli'^.^ afuT n loiif; lin^rrriti:^ illiii"»M*, hut umier cod- 

tinunl hiiiHMi f»f n'^'owrv. H«* \v;ih <l«*liriou«>, A knf^% nolnMlv fur 

thr G lu^t (i:tv!% i»t Iti^ lit«>, Iml MiMtii*<l to U*iiio:iii liiiiiM.*It vt*rv 

much l»v iiis «;i'<>*ttH";r* H«* woulil iirik<* no will, whirh me «u»* 

|N>ct wan <K*(*a?«ii»iif«l hy hi*« UTi\vitlin:^ii(*<«!« tn rrvi*al hi« cirrum- 

Htanro^. wliioh I t*<*:ir will not jirnvr mi ;:fMMl as th<*y mi;: hi h.-ive 

l>i*4*n t*\{><N*te<i. I htMr tht* r-tati* ht* ha<l with hiii wifo' i« nH»rt- 

f^a^ritl, hut fi»r how nuich I cannot tolL I have alliHi bi*ien 

infDniiLNi of two otluT (h*ht««, our nt' 4^/.. th«- othrr I ho|M* cIcm 

nut much c\('«*c«l that ouumic \Vc ^h:ill hurv him t«imorr«iu, in 

a private mann<*r« hut (h*<*ontlv. titilMMlv U'lti;: invit«-<l !•» the 

funeral Kill M'\«*n i»f the nci^^hlMirin;: clrr;:y, ^i\ of thcui i** !»u|»- 

|Mirt thf pall, the other to |it»rfi>rMi tlie funeral! M*rvic'<* ; the rr«t 

of ih*' attf*n4ian<*f will ci»n^i«t of relation^ A tin* liouH*lHiMen» iif 

the parish. Kvervthiu:: i'« a;;r«Nil u|Nin for putliti;; out hit 

voun;^er M»n. Hi>;;fr/ cN-rk to :iri attnuniey, A: lit* will p> to hi« 

uiaMcr in a %ie(k« **r tt*n <l.i\^ time; hut mIijI In' done fur 

Sam, mIio ha% h«-en kept mi lon;j ;it lioni«-, that n«» niaMiT in any 

hui»vne*«M.* uill nou take him. I eanui't «le\i«4*. When I kniiw 

nion* how matter^ will turn «»ut. vnu ••^hall hear airain, tn»ni,i!ear 


Vour itiii«t :it!i'i tiiin.iti- hnitlh r, 

I jkhall preM*nt my nt*phi \% Th«'ni.i« !•> the lixin;; at .Srut«*n, 
but iHit Mtt, lor Mime jjimnI naM)n%. 

XlMV. U. <;\I.K ''T^* SaMI M. tiALK, K<V-. AT Mk. PyKE\ IN 

iWr-iMiii* K<'W. |jiMM»\.'*— H. y, <^T. .1. 

St ruti»ri. St'pti-nih, ,'ii|. IT.'lM. 
lhar llr..|lnr. 

M\ l.i«t. ff thf \y^t\t in«t.iiit. \«iMi!>l ::i\i \i>u an ai*«-onnt %»f 

» l..» t. f . ' *s ru* • • iri; \' 1' '\ ' . .'. i.»f!»fj-... .r, !•'••:. 

AM IT"; r. f t.t at *■ fi* I . ■ I-' I"' 

* I t>r Ir' • •*»it:tilir • f Mr 1- rii«« ?*»■*•- ■ f V^tnU >hr il.««1 la 

* N. ftlt- * a' V <r*l i"> r' I a* •" f i • « !!• n arr.i I .l^rir tlAur^'er Sf^ 
•«•> t.r rrM • f !•• 'lar'! « • iijti r- ■ t : • •au-* t>>« ;. 

* biNk uf I rm. Auro-^tlxl t.i tiir litiiiir ••! >4rut**ii lie mm» «if Tnaity 
Collc^. CaaiUitlgr . and mftrnril Klianof. daa. of Mr.Oro. OavW.of 


brotlier Cliarles's death ; I think it long since I heard from you, 
having not received any from you after that time. Roger is 
gone to his master, the attourney, but nil things else in the family 
are in statu quo, neither can I give you any farther account of 
their circumstances. I have been full of company this fortnight. 
Sir John Clerk it another baronet, from Scotland, staid with me 
3 days. Then came Brown Willis & one of his daughters, who 
are still with us. Last Fryday was a sennight I had a letter 
from Lord Colerain, that he would be with me from Harrygate 
the Thursday or Fryday following, but he knockt us up the Sun- 
day before at 6 in the morning, <fc left us the next Tuesday. Mr. 
Willis & I intend for Durham k Newcastle tomorrow morning. 
Our devotion will be so fervent at St. Cuthbert's shrine that we 
shall not be here a^rain till the Mondav after, & on the Wednes- 
dav he setts forward to his son's in Lancashire. 

I must be<: the favor of you to gett me 1001b. weight of the 
very best new hops bought, «i putt on board the first ship that 
sjiils for Stockton ; except one Metcalf is master of it, I wish 
they could come by C'oats or Riyn. We shall soon have occasion 
to brew OctobtT, *V therefore desire no time may be lost. I hope 
the ixjrfornn'nnr of this may be no great trouble to you, since you 
may easily any day step crosse the water to Southwark, where 
many hop merehants live, who will be ^\skd to ship them oft* as 
you shall direct. The ;:r(H*nest hops, A: the most of one colour, 
are the best, but perhaps you may finti out a friend to assist yoa 
in clKMKsinfj them. I don't know but Mr. Addison, to whom my 
service, may Ik* the man. I am, dear Brother, 

Your most atleetioiiate l)n»ther A: humble servant, 

U. Gale. 

The hops may [be] direetcnl to me, reconimendiHl to the care 
of Mr. Pierse, at W<»rsall. 

XCV. R Galk " TO Samuel Gale, Esq., at Mr. Pyke's, in 
I^ow, London." — H. F. St. J. 

Soruton, Septr. 26, 1738. 
Dear brother, 

I hav(* now lost all my company, Mr. Benson leaving roe 

yesterday morning for London, be came to ua from Durham 

308 MlM'ELlJ^NKOrH i'OHHKs|*OKl»CS'rr:. 

Salt unlay in the aftiTii<M»n, HtaiM Siiii(iav« A' ni»;:fr waitt»il ufion 
him to Stii<llry I*;irk i»ii Mmiday. I u.i^ alliinM a %%liolt» \%tvk 
with him at Ihirhaiii, diniii:; or Mi|)|iiiii: «*\«-rv ilay with biin it 
the I^i^hiip ot' <il«M*t»^iiT's. lirown Willi-* Irft mo thi* «iay fon- 
ni;;ht, having mado a iiio>t ;:lorioii?% 4V Hati>t'a(*tor\ f\|N^lilii»ii into 
tho iiiirth, liv aililiiii! va*>tlv to lii^ (*i»||«TtionH tif i>:iriN'liial ^int% 
&. tradroini'ir^ hairiK.'niiyH. I thoii;rht it lnii^ •»iii(-«* I liail hi-anl 
from voii, A. find one of voiir^ nni«»t have miTarr\«l, h.ivin;: had 
no ajlviri' of voiir haviiw pav<l mv hill t*f I2n/., nr that i4' five 
)»(»und*> S *hillifi;:N to Mr. (Jilrn, till vnnr?* of thr .'^th of tbin 
month, thon;;h vmi siv in tliat, von hi)|H>4l I hail n'«-i*!v«M| voiirs 
with n«itii-«* \oii ha*! naid th«-ni. I thank vmi fi»r \our care 
alniut thr hn|i«.. A h«i|N* thry will Im* linit* <*n«*n::h to hn*w K>inr 
•'(hhI < )i-tiilMT. A ^honld h«* murli rt-ioirid if \oii mnlii t.iM it hen* 
iii'Nt ^uiiiintr. Armrdin:^ to mv aicunnt vnu ha\r n«iu «»f min«« 
in \*>ui liifiiN hnt o.'W. ()Ji«. njd.. A )•« rh.ip* I iii.i\ U' iiiiM:iLt*n 
in that, hut ;>«« th«' I^inijiin a*^nran('i' ilnidcnd \%i!l ^H»n Ik* |ai«l 
\on, thi-n- uill in a littli- timr In* inori- in iM«h tur m«*. 

ViiU ^«'ii.| \\H ;:!iiriMii«« \it\\% from S|ii:ti. A •« liirif n-a'Miii b» 
I hi\i* t<» \\ i^h \^tll III th«' 'jrrAt ni:in that i« tn r* a|* m» miicli 
lion*ir ti<»rii tiiio tri-atv, I ^liall !•<- f\Yr*Miid\ n i<'i< i-tt t^* find lie 
hrinj-* It !«• .1 hi|>|i\ ri>tir|ii^i>in : Inir .1- tin tiiiii« art* k«*|t| «ii 
^'«*ii'i. A "n' !\ I I "iixi iithMi ^i:;n«d.a in « t.if: •!• !. tininti !li*fihlfl- 
u.ird. I iht-n > a *iijk«' 111 tin* ^ra-**-, tin- iii'»r« Ui in*** I 
kno>\ I>.in tf»T •• .ithrin^ th it ihrthin*' 1- \«Ji ^i.iH'J. M\ ••■r- 
\\rv to all f'lfinU. «-«|i«*i-ialU to tho<»r i>f fht- h'>iiM*h<i|ii ill Il«*<llori| 
Ki»\\. I :iiti, •!• .ir i*n>tlii'r, 

Y'lnr niti-t aMi 1** lirntlu-r. 

.\< \"l. U. i'*\U. '• T'» >\VI KI. <i \l ►, l!-v ■ - H F. >T. .1. 

S. ri I. < »«-i..'. .n|, IT.i^. 

IVar IlfMiliti, 

I lii\i* IK* il'tiilil ot \<»ur |>a\ iiiL' ni\ l>:tl .il ili* t|.i\ i^hrti 
du«\ »tn«'« I •)i"uM •tr!iiii!\ hix- lii.iid "f ii l«t>>rt- tir* t'liir 
luil it Nvii ti«*;:li««-tt .1 I'l.f lidlaiHi* h ft ill M'tir l.and% 1*% mv 
«rci>unt 1% Imt .i/. .'i^ 2f«l.,tlM- ilill«*n*nr«* U*ti«i\t 11* !• %«'rv iiwon* 


siderable. I Lope Mr. Benson is gott very well to London, we 
were much obliged to him for his company, any friend of yours 
will be allways wellcome here. 

As for my coming to London this winter, I had such a bad 
one there the last, that I have no thoughts of undergoing the 
same again so soon ; besides, I have some busynesse upon my 
hands that would be very inconvenient for me to leave ; but you 
will soon have the happinesse of my sister's company, who has 
taken place in the York stage coach for next Monday. 

Not seeing any advertisement in the newspapers of the Lon- 
don assurance dividend this Michaelmasse, pray enquire of Mr. 
Neal about it, & let me know when it will be paid. I should bo 
obliired to vou for bu^^n£: me a book at Vaillant's* called R:iu dc 
Ara et Tumulo in confinio Ubiorum noviter repertis, & sending 
it down l>y the first convenience that offers ; it is an 8vo, & 1 
sup{>ose of a small price. Having left London, I have no occasion 
to ensure mv house in Beilford Uow, but desire vou will call at 
the London Insurance Office, behind the Uuyall £xchange, & let 
them know I am willing to continue the insurance; u|K)ii my house 
& uutliousi's here, k at the same time pray pay them what will 
be due u|K)n them for the year ensuing. I don't hear the hops 
aroyett arrived. My service to all friends. I am, dear Brother, 

Your most affectionate brotlier, 

R. Gale. 

XCVII. MArRicE Johnson, Esg., to Roger Gale, relating 
TO A Skkmon Pke.vciiei) in Oxfokd, 1642, & several 
British ANTigriTvs. — JL ('. 

Lond., 12 Xovbr., 1738. 
Dear Sir, 

Ye<t4Tdav senin*«dit I saw vour brother, our worthy 
trea^iurer, well at the Aiiti(|uarian Society, but he was not there 
last night, when from Dr. R:iwlinx>n we were shewn a 8crinon, 
in English, printed at Oxford, nil in reil letters, & prtMched by 
one .losias How, B.D., J think in 1()42, whereof mention is 

* r. Vaillaiit WHM a bouksi'Ucr in Uie fureigri trade. He died October 14th, 

iiau. wt r.7. 


mado by A. Wood, but 30 of tlicm wen* printwl.' Al*o an 
arrow-head in heart fonii, from the Ea^t In<iie9, made of flint 
sharpned. «k said to l>e ver\' ancient. I think in tlie museum at 
Oxford I was shewn st>me s<>rt.s of civil i niilitar\' instrumenu of 
tho like materiaU, >a\<\ to liave lH*en made k u««od l)V the ancient 
Brittann lM»fi>re they knew how to melt mrtaJN.* I hnve a large 
brasAO rin;;, Midi as thfv an* saiil to have lit*«*n hiin«v round their 
wastes in leathern thon;!s for ornament <, which i^ formed of two 
concave pieces pinncNl to;;ether, either U*torc they knew !u>kler* 
ing, or because it mi^ht not Ih* thou;;ht on to fix them otiierwite 
together. With this a rin^, very thick, and much too umall for 
any woman*s finp>r, wa^ dug up, a.s <*aptn Pownell a»»ur^l me 
(from whom I had th«Mn), made of flint vitrifitnl, and stained 
yellow with the juice of s<»mn t)«*rry, as it mnmu^, b«*ing of a pale 
lemon colour. These ring**, they *ay, were in like manner the 
omamentH of the British ladys lN*(on* the Roman'^ taught theoi 
to They were very uticouth for ^uch a purpime ; bat 
some of our own cnuntreymen wmiM |N*piuade u^ tliat our noble 
ancestor.'*, the Auriiyc«M'iv ot* thi** Nie, knew nothing but what 
tbev had from the Humans,^ in ami'* or art^, wherea« the 
remainder of their r«iiii«i, in each i»t' the thnt* metaU, tbi*ir 
buildings, armor, ^ aci*«»unt^ of the \er\ invader<«. the Rom4ns 
^ first settler* of tlii«» phue, pn»\e tlie iMiiinrv, *h<'w them t<» I* 
a nation iM.tli frahn^* li\ -•■.i, A trilil i-i ; A I ••.•ihiim It e.i-y 
to prove they haii JMith .irt^. an hiliviun- e«|H( i.illy. Uith ci\d ^ 
military, in as gcM^d |NTtivtiori as tlirir neighli«»r«, a« allsu to have 
been as well skilhsi In arm**. Th« m* things ret|uin' much time 
to pnive them tn ^nme |M<<ipli-, A mure taith than for is ant uf 
reading they will all<*u, hut y«»u \^u»*\\ ilit- a*"** ni«iii t«i li«* micIi. 

I am. \i*tir*, 

Mai Kii I. JniiN'Mty. 

* Tlita 9erm 'ii wa^ | r* %x\.\ U-f rr tit- ». »• a: • !.r •: < '.^rth .1. |t«i4 

uit. rtAim IT V : .i: (i 

* Thrae arr-iw hrft.1* ••! ti.r.: hsTr tvr*. f jrn! alt •••r« Rur>f» mm mrW mm im 
the Esfll 4 Wrat In lir«. »! that the uar ••( thrm ••»• li» ba«r Ijrm aBiwraal 
in old times — H (# 

laiija •ern U^ Katr U«-ri. ^t ti.r |;i'aiA>i inf«»ii4i arri«r<l u* ■iiib iIm ^mi* 
dlaeovwsd bj ColHalNit — R G 

w. stl'):eley and others. 311 

XCVIII. Roger H. Gale "to Samuel Gale, Esq., at Mr. 
Picke's, in Bedford Row, London. Free, W. Went- 

woRTH.' — K F. St. J. 

December 30, 1738. 

I received yours safe, & am vastly pleased the coxs 

[woodcocks] proved so good. I was sorry I could not encrease 
the number. I reckon bv this vou have received orders to 
return me forty pound. Mr. Fletcher, the collector of the 
excise, paid me the money ; the bill will be due about the 25 of 
next month. I am verv much oblifl^ed to vou for the trouble vou 
took to send Mr. Carter his hops & return his money. I shall 
be extreemly ^lad to hear Mr. Benson likes his horse, & that he 
carries him well. 1 shall take it as a particular favour if you 
will send me half a chest of Florence, beinrr ordered by my 
doctors to stick to that wine ii meddle with no otlier, ii two 
pound of Sallop & one of fine Hysen Tea. Pray desire the 
ladies to send me such tea as suits their palates, for then I am 
sure it must be the best in the world. Be pleased to direct them 
for mo att Mrs. Fosseoat's, att the Hott-well, att Bristoll, & send 
them bv the wa^^^jon anv dav next week. I am terrible con- 
cerned, pray tell my aunt, I shall nott see what sort of a coun- 
tenance she puts on when she is married,*** being a thing nobody 
ever expected. A: I should be heartly glad to be by, to see her 
taken into the l><»soin of the Church. How long I must make 
my abode here 1 can't say. I had Doctor Harrington^s k 
Davis' opinions att Bath, <V Mr. Pyes, an emminent surgeon att 
Bristoll, iV what to make of me they can't tell, for they can't fix 
mv illness to anv place, butt l>i<l me stick to the Ilott-well ^' 1 
might de)»end on a cure in some weeks. My complaints come 
bv drinkin;: a great (piantity of parsley juice in the gravell. 
We do nt»tt alK)iind with company att this time, being butt one 
sett att Cadrille in the whole place. I am afraid I can*t except 
of your kind invitation, by reason my father's att home alone, & 
I would nott have left him on anv account in the world bad it 

not lx.*en mv last stake I had for mv recovery to irett here. 

• • • ^j 

Pray give my siTviee tu Mr. A: Mrs. Colson, & tell them I was 
almost distractcii I nn's>ed seeing of them butt tluee days. I 

»• To Dr. Stukcley. 

«il2 MISC'BLLANEOr8 (-OKHC.nI*<»N1»LM X. 

stii<l :i ri)rthni;:lit att Bntli. I (i«*%in* likc^^'iM* my m«|ioctA k 
servin* to Hixlfoni How, A. wi^li voii all iiianv hapiiv \ear^. I 

Your iiio«»t iiiitvfiill iii-pliow, ii. vcrv murb oMipJ ^^rx-iiit. 

It <;ale." 
T(*1I Mrh. Neal I will M^ml h«T an ncctmnt in niv n<*\t of a 
dud tliat hapiMMK'tl in Ilacv^ ^ ruonir, lM*iwi*i»n tuw wonivii of 
quality, ii who won* tlirir ^ccond!^ 

X(-'IX. Ukvp. Dr. Sti-kki-ky th Sami-ki. Gai.>:- — H. F. 

St. J. 

Sianit'onl, Id Jan., 173H.9. 
Dcan*ftt Sir K. Hnithcr, 

On Sun (lav mxin we arrivcii Mit*«* at the Ganm^rk, a ft it a 
moat plcaiiant joumoy, tlu* woathtT inconi|»araiily tine, a warm, 
easv ooacb of I^ird Sali^hiir%'*n, :;i»ud li(»rM*«, t\ nvil fimrhman. 
He throat«fUt-(l to M*t uh in Stamford on >atiirday ni;;ht, Init I 
moderated hi<« |)re<*i|iitatioh. Our n4*i;*hlHir« iiiti*ihit-il to have 
met u« in a ;;ri*at ra^'air.uh*, hail th«-\ knciwn tlu* tinu* of our 
coming. Inim4*(liatfly th** rlanp»r ot all tht* U'lU i»f •• rhnrrh**^ 
pniclaimed our arrival, d thi- i-«im|ilnii<nt» of tin* whtih- t«>wn« 
scarce any t*\iv|it«*il, att«*n«l«ii u<«. Your ^i-trr !<» \rry Hell, 
MN'mi to take t«» h«-r nrw hahitaiion. l*r.i\ mmhI u« %ioni what 
the Lord of StTUton vivm, whirh with niv ni"«t Ih-artr arknow- 

• • • 

led;;mrnt«i of your ^n*at f.i\or«, «1 of Mr. N«*nr« ;:im»I tainil\, to 
wbi>m 1 am indrhtiil lM*ytiiii| niea«ur«', A d«*«tn* yt»u wihiM prt*- 
M*nt our ftt'r^'ii*!**, wr n^main, d«'an*At >ir. 

Your nio^t ohlip*«l humhh* M*rvant A linitlH*r, 

\Vm. Stikklkt. 

C. I>ll. SriKKI-KY l'» U. (fAI.I, "KAnOKNT Pauti\g», 

CfRiiN«ivir!**j* MftHAUH, At. H. t. 

Ih. 3Ii*aii ha« ;:f>tt M»iitf liu;.*i' |i;iinliii^« ol' tin* anti<|U«* m^ 
bi^ aj» lift*; th<*\ wi-n- t.ikiii up in th«- «ihl liuil«iiii^« at Huum*. 

*' B}dc«C mm of lUf^r (tftlr. (■tm Kl** K* ti"« ( .-mm'-nrr «>f Mtlorv Cul* 
l«f«. CaabndtfK. MMtictl Caibcniw. OM^Licr ul Mr \,hnt$u^t ii«wt,«ff 
KiiOaa. la IIIO. awl dMd la KM 


Bnphael studyecl from tbem, & toucbt them up too, as it eeems 
to me. Tliey are so fresh, the figures so round, & colours lively, 
that if they be r^enuine, we may conclude the ancients were 
great masters in that art. A collection of ancient coins is 
coming over to be sold, made by the j^reat Gronovius ; his son'* 
designs to fi.N in England. I have got my 18 plates of the 
Temple of Isis litiisht, & in winter shall come to town to finisli 

W. Stukelky. 

CI. From BIaubice JoHSSoy, Esq., of Flint-arrow asd 
Spear-heads, ancient picture of Uosauokd Clif- 
ford, — H. C. 

Spalding, 14 July, 1739. 

" " • I hud the pleasure, when last in London, of oominuni- 
cating to tbo Aiiti<iuarian Society your thoughts, sent me in 
Novr. last, limching flint arrow-heads, those produced from the 
E;ist Indies ; M'bcii Mr. Dillenius,'* a Sweedisb <;ciitlem»n, then 
present (the 23n\ of that nionlh), sayd the ancient Vandals paid 
iulorariun to the flint, A plat-i-d the images of their gi>ds, the 
Sun, Thi)r, A; Woden, thereon ; ii the more northern nations 
bun'c<l their dead buth with flints &, steel. That this veneration 
arosi' fruiii their conceiving the power of the stut virtually 
lodged in the silox. Uti commimicating these observations^ 
yours to our Society here. Dr. Green, my brother secretarj', 
says, from Shclvock's iiocount of the ( 'allyfomians, tbiit their 
bowstrings are made of deers' sinews, & tlieir arrows are J*" of 
au hollow caije, with a hca*y wood-head, ii a piece of agat or 
flint [insertiMl therein] ; &. that Captn. Danipier,'* in hia Voyages, 

" See Diarji, ji. M. 

" Johum Jamca Dillenia*. ■ Ut:nnui botwiut, wlio in 1731 acooiD|«ninl 
Dr. shcmnl to Engluii]. where he itKUt Uie rensinder of bli dmji. Soon kftcr 
hit ■rriTal, lie onderto-ik m new edition of Bbj'i " OTnopaii Mirjilnm Britanni- 
cuam." anil wu aiipnintii) the fint botanical profcitwir at Usfon). on Or. 
Mierrv.1 '■ fuunclatiim. U.D. ut Oxtord. 1733. Bum at UamiMadt, 1M7 ; di«d 
174;.— /(rW(.», p. ;wi. 

" William Dami-ier, an Engiiifa uarigator, flnt aailed In a BriMol 

privateer. Not meeting with anocaa un the Anerican ooaat, be went to India. 

became ^nner to the fadof? M Beneotdan. In 1C7I be eame to Ki^laad. 


saVK — Xor are tho wild IndiiriA \e%^ ingenious) ; tboM of PaU* 
f^oniM, bead tlieir armwH with flint, ctit or ground. So dial thn^ 
kind of wca|x)nii arc of nifMlrni, aa well aa of ancit*nt, une, k 
that, too, in both thr Indira. 

Mr. Neve, of rcterlKinnigh, ban a bniMe ring which baa lK«n 
enamelle<l, & is twi^tiMl or wreathe«l round large enough to go 
about my wriM, with a hwip :it one, k a button at the other, end 
of it, which it lap^ ovir with itA spring}* ne!«M?. It wa« found in 
ph)wing up th«* road mur < 'heftt4*rton, d; iM^eim^ designed to hang 
a bulla on <if s^une young Ilonian. 

I have not Inn;; f»tn(*e gott a picture of a very fair young 

lady, with long ^rnlilcii l«K'k!i, in nuch aort of a drev^.* aJi wr m^c^ 

ill the inoM aiioii'nt tapi««try, with an alalnuter |Mitt in one luind, 

k a aorrowfull i'«»unt<*iianc«* which mviiia to lia\e U*«>ii dcMgm^ 

vcrv \ttnz «Z«> f«»r It»*ainoii.i riifford.** It wa^ called tli«* l^v 

Littlebury*!^, a ;;rral family formerly in thcM* part*. A' 1 |>re^ume 

might have lM*en in her fto^ACMsion. Ti* cutt, frame and all 

(which i« giiild*^!,) out of t»ne pi<*ce of <iak^ allowr<il by all who 

have iioen it to lie very tild. *Tt% drawn to the waMc, but in a 

»ina!l pn>|H»rtiiin, alMitit 12 incln*^ bigh ; the head dn-Mt* k attire 

verj' uncommon. 

I am. 

31. Ji»UN!MiN. 

ClI. it Gai.k To thk IIkvik Dk. Stckklky.— n. F. St. J. 

Scruton, Aug-t 26, I73!l. 

I>i»ar IX>rtor, 

I iiKMt h«-anil\ <*«»ii;:ratiil4tc you u|ii»ii your oi>tainiiig «o 
convenient A; agnvaMc atldition to your prrf«*riii«*iit« a« the 
hving of S>merliy« «\. wi»h you a lon;; cnjoiiiicnl of it in all 
health k pnM|>erity. I think a» to |H»litic* wr arc in a \'vr\ bad 

wWfi be p«Uifth<«l III* " Vu«ft|,-r il<t«n<l iLc Wurld " He mtt tbr« tcttt urn % 
vojftfv of diaouvcrj tu the >i«th Va». a on bit rrtvm «m wrcvkt-tl u«i Aacvti- 
•inn IftlanH li<»rfi in Nimrrwuhirr. l*^'*.*. Hi* |«inr*it i* in lb* Tnnti^ 
||u«ar -HrrfM. f MTj 

** Haary lid* Fair lU^i^amHl. da«tf bi«f ul buircr 4c Oiffi nl, ul 


way, & riper for ruin than ever ; a most formidable allyance 
against us, no friends abroad, & the greatest discontent at home; 
though your opinion is that France has opened her scheme two 
years too soon. I fear we shall find her now too well prepared 
to execute it. We have a report that the French & Sweedish 
Squadron was seen off of Sunderland last Monday, consisting of 
20 men of warr, steering southwards. The design of the French 
Squadron going to the Baltic is now evident, & it will be well if 
poor England, with all her navall strength, will be able to sup- 
port herself against the fleets of the 3 crowns, our enemies. So 
much for ix)litics. 

As for the Greek inscription you sent me, it is so erroneously, 
and as I believe defectively, transcribed that I much question 
whether I shall ever be able to master the sence of it : at least, 
it will require more time than I can spare at present* The 
properest man in the world to explain it is Mr. Mattaire, but, as 
I remember, you told me when you was at London last winter, 
that he was much broken & decave<l. 

I have herewith sent vou a c:italof:u<! of such Carausii as I 
am j)ossessed of, A: believe you will find some among them, not 
verv coininoii. 1 shall l)e <:lad to see the work finished, which I 
hope the next winter will j)erform, though I should have been 
much more rejoice<l to have had your lucubrations u|X)n Stone- 
henge to have then made its appearance, which I think you gave 
me hopes of last year. Mr. M. Johnson has turned his thoughts 
upon the history of Carausius, & made some progre>s in it ; I 
can*t doubt of his communicating his observations, though Dr. 
Kennedy is so much displeased at your design. I believe his 
work k Genebrier's will come out the same dav. I thank 
you for your kind invitation to Stnmtbrd, but can have small 
prospect of seeing it this summer. My absence to Scarl»orough 
and Scottland have laid me under a great arrear of busynesse, & 
visits that 1 must make to my neighbors, one uf>on the confines 
of Yorkshire, and into t)io bishoprick of Durham, which I 
cannot enter u|K)n this fortnight, will cost me at least a weeky if 
not more; by that time our winter will approach, with its usual 
concomitants, lii;rh winds, heavy rains, 6i bad roads, bo that bv 
the time of my return I shall be glad to go into close quarterB. 

316 MIHC*KI.lJiSRurs ( nKhCM*ONI»KNCE. 

Our journey** tn Scottland k return wa^ exn-^^ilin;: pleaiianU 
without any rain U|>tin t\u* ntad, hut at E4lenl»urriMi;;h \^r bmd a 
;jn»al d«»al for 3 or 4 ilay-i. Wr urnt through the hi^hoprick of 
Durham & NorthuinlHThtnd tn Brmick, till 4 inile^ lM*vonfl it 
you pa.Mte over a UKHtr, ph^x^arit enough at thin time oftht* year, 
ii th(>n throu^xh a tine c*«)rn count rv, with nhuniiaare of ifooJ 
Strata in it, till vou ronie to EiienUir<iu:;li. Tlii^ ritr i« wry well 
huilt, fur the most part with lofty Mone hou^^-^, one in the par- 
liament clot«e 13 storv*i hi;;h, a^ 1 e«)unt«*<ii ; hut the ^tn-etji are 
ver%' troublesome Uy walk, hcin:; up hill A: down hill Of>ntinua]lr, 
ii nothin;; c:iri exriMNJ tlifin in n:is(\ n«*«Hr hut tlif iuMdt* of their 
bou^eft.'' We \vrn» Hp|on«lifily entert:iinel hv Msvomll |MT*i>nji i»f 
diMincti«>n, ho that wt* liav«* no rea^tn to omiplain of the 
country, hut I think I >hall htrdly tike .i joiirn«>y of ph*aMire tn 
it a^in. Wi» s:iw evrrythini: that umh r«Mnark:ihli*, found them 
murh fthort of our r\|MH*t ition<^. A tli** 4*ulii;^inin« U'stnwi^l u|M»n 
them hv the nitive^. Thi* college i*a pimr thin:;, mean an one 
of our OxforiPs h.ilN tor strurtun*: tli«* IVinripal has n tolerahle 
p>oi| house, hut thf n-st nf tin* l-H|;»in^* M^t-m de<«*rteii IniiIi hv 
profi*«%H<ip* it stui|i*nts. u|i<» «X'*»»»*'';*II^" h**'* 'u 'hi* ttiwn. Tln« 
puhlie ««eho«»U f«ir lt*i*iiiri*s w*- (N»iild ::ftt intn, hut with 
fu»ini* ini|Mirtuitit\ had :idtnitt hh** itit«« tii*-ir lilmirv. which 
i.* I«r;»e iV stnHNJ uiih a ;:riMt ni.iiiy ;:•»■! huii-ks. Atntini* 
Home natural rurio^itys pn^*'r\«<d in an aljarc*nt room, we 
wen* nhiiwn rri*or^r Hufdunan V* s<*ul!, n^m irkahh* for it a thick* 

•• In rrtm|«nf with !>r Km/hi mn'\ K* •-"i« 

'• tn A Irtirr tn M. J.»hn«iiii. ••f \u.»-i*t l*?h '1- •-•i».inj thta yi^mey. G«lc 
»|ita, *~ an4 thnr rhurrhr* 

•• C}.<«.r^ |lii'-».An«n l.-m «• K V^t- »>•••'...•. r. 'r^m: I .- I a* Rim* 

iMirirb lu IS*. Mr VM rmi'l<«Tr<| riv Jit.*-* V «■ a t^* r t * hi* ria?ur«! aiiti. 
IIm* R»r1 nf MiK»V \l thr •«fiir k-.i .• ■ r imTt^'i 1 Kr ■•*«.-ft«| thr KrAlkOaOAAa 
In a afttinrjU p«rm f"»f wK-ch \\» '\fr »< f ,• 'h'.-.f." •• 1 ♦ •■ rt*-! t>< Kntf:«n>1 ml 
thrncr t«» Frmnre. whffr hr xUAinril « |.r fr»*.».* p i*. •*• i-» llrifr "f (iuirnnr 
in Iliirl4«ai. *nf| •ql«r>|iirnfW hr! I frir r> c< '•> v .n i*i#- ••-: rjr ••( ('»rlinAl L« 
Voin#, frfim IM4 tn r.i: llr nni wmt f.- I' ru;«: •'..1 (xamr • temrWrt a| 
^ilntni^tv in tb# l*niTrr*itr nf (*iiim*<« lis' rit<rrM-ni: ••mr frrr •ifHrnmii^ 
lie «M mnfln«s| in A m<in»«crrf in vh r*i Kr •r^n*!«tr^1 the |*tt«lm« f»f l>nvif| 
Int4i I At in In I '(M h«- tii.*Ai*i«*^l '!■• I 'a-r** %'. I afrrr a «Silr rriur«ei| Ui Ills 
liAlivr cnnntrr wKrrr hr «m Ap|»*inlr<l |r.rif-|tal ••( s| |^«nArt| • t'filWyr. ia 

tW Uaivvfiity of Kl Aaartw'ft. Tint faviMir br oi4atM«l froa g^aw Maif . 


nesse'^ being almost diaphanous in some places; by it lay another, 
which, by 2 or 3 perforations made through it, appears to be near 
^ an inch thick; to be sure of some dull dog, whose name & works 
are |)erished. The Advocates' Library is much better ; there is a 
numerous collection of ancient coins in it, particularly Consular, 
a very few MSS. The most ancient is Martial's Epigram, 
which I judge by the character to be above 600 years standing. 
We went for 2 days to Mavis-bank, 4 miles distant from the 
city, to the south. It is a seat of Baron Clerk's, built by him- 
self in a true |)allndio tast, one of the most elegant villas I ever 
saw for structure, situation, woods, & waters ; behind it, upon 
the top of a small steep hill, was an ancient trench & agger, not 
big enough for a town & camp, but probably a place of Druid 
worship. This he has inclosed, and made a winding ascent up 
to it, with he<lges planted from the bottome to the top. His 
kitchen garden is a great circle, walled in, in the bottome of a 
deep valley, surrounded with a fine, rapid river, k gives a 
most beautifull prospect to the house & other gjirdens above it, 
You would there think yourself rather in a vallev near Tivoli 
than EJenborou^h. After returning to ii making two days' 
stav more at the hitter, the baron cam'cd us to another S4'at of 
his, calltHi Pennycuic, 4 miles father than the other, built in the 
ancient stvie, A: not without its l>eautvs for its situation, & 
iniU*ed he seems to give it preference to Mavis-bank, linng gene- 
rally at it. In our way we saw Uoslin (liapple, a most noble 
Gothic >tructurc, ere<*ted, as api>ears by some large letters upon 
the M)uth side, by William Sinclair, Earl of Orkney, A.D. 1453. 
It has laid o|M»n to the weather ever since the Kefonnation, but 
the strength of its niaterialls, ii the goodnt»sse of its work, have 
preH»rved it to a wonder. However, the rains at last penetrat- 
\uli ii^ roof, a few vears would have intirelv dissolved it, had 
not that true lover of antiquitys di all liberal arts, liaron Clerke, 
pn>vaileil upon the present proprietor, the Lord Sinclair, to pat 

which he ill requiteil hj writing a book ciUleil a ** Detection of ber doingi,** 
(ie.oi|rne<l to |>rfju<Iice tht* minds of her »abject« airainut ber. He now became 
tutor to JaiiK's VI.. and latioured to imbae him with wiidom, bat auooeeded 
onlj in ninkin^; him a pedant, bccauM*. as he Mud, he coald make nothing elae 
of him. — Beetvm^ p. 11K». 

*' ** ThinneM.*' in letter to M. Johnaon. 


it into ooinplcat ropair. Tho workmen have been upon it all 
thin summer, k a*« tin* Itamn ha** tk<* M»If ilirt-i^tinn of tlio wurk, 
in a voar muro it will \te an U*:iutifull a^ cv« r, t!.i*iijh it i^ lik«*lv 
no um* will Im» nin<ii> nf it, hut a<« a l»iir\in;:-|il it* r«*r thr fauiilv. 

From IVnnvruii" (Mon^ Curuli) wt* liad :• Im j; clav'n juumfv 
to Moffat, a 5«tinkin;: ««iil|)!iurrt>us «|iau, likt* mtr'* at II.irry;:atA*, 
but not M» ^tron;; to lli«* hum*, or Nilt to tlu* |i:ilatt* ; by th«* rtr»ort 
to it, it may paaM* for th<* Tunbridgo of Sctittland. It i« admir- 
able for the yuk«* [it^'h] iV all cutamiMiA cli>tem|»fn^ 

Our journey lay ilirt>ii;:h a mountainous eountri*y, tliinly 
|ieo|ileti. AI)out ^ or 1* niil«-«> from IVnn\cuir, on our left band, 
we Haw no le!»M* than 14 ihtn*nehment.*«, one abo%'«* ant»ther, 
U|ion the north side ot' a ^u-vp hill, not le?iM* than half a mile in 
len;:th« L a lar;;e camp on aiii»lher hill at the wcftt end of them. 
Behind them is a little to\in, \, a ^entleman*^ leat emlh^ 
Komana to thin dav. He has wn»te an hi^orit al accf>unt of the 
i^iuitrev, but ban not one wonl in it of tbeM* worki which Ivc 
under his noM.*. Hiey ha>e their name fri»m <*aiktrm Ilomana, 
without doubt, ii the baron thinks it to ha\e been a camp of 
Aj^riiHiIa ; there lM*iii<; ant»tlM*r camp for the Britains u|Mm an 
op|MMite hill on the ri;;lit li:iiid. TIm* next day bron;:ht u« late 
to Carlile. Ju«t liotore we c.ime to a \illa^e eall(*«i Kceb'faehyn 
(the little church) \^r wmt a mile (»ut ot' our wav to vii'w th«- i 
famous catnp^ at lUirnswnrk.^' mi c.i1!(hI, I In-lieve, fmm a fine 
•priii;; or bourn that ri<M*% in tlu* iMiuthernmo'*t of th«>in. A pro* 
di;^oun bi;;h nii»ufitaiii, \iitli a Hat are.i u|i«>n the top, \\r% 
lurtwixt them, from wh«*n<-«- i« a pnr^|M t-t of aUivi' ftl mile« e\fr\' 
wa\ niund it : llii« niaki*'« ntt- think, with ihi* Linm, tliat it «ia« 
th«* (*a%tra Kxploratt^runi in tli«* Aiitoiiim* Itiiirrary. Altout 3 
mdt*» s.w. troni tlu-M < amp^ wt r.niif tn Mi>ltll«*!>\ , tin* ruin% of 
a lltmian station. %%h«'ri- l>ar«*n < 'It rki* p»tt tin- l\ eurinu^ altar* 
^ the figure of Hn;:antia. nn fitiomil in H<»rM*lfy*i% Brit Horn. 4 
Uordon*K Ap|m*ih1i& to Iii« ItnuT. .S^ptriiin.. to which 1 n-fcr 

* BonMwark. tir Hirnfitwork. a ••>:ifar¥ Kill, ifarly 3 miIci i«f the V w of 
MNldlcbj. 740 frrc aUitr the ma Irvri (Hi two aiflc* ftfv the v«*tifia ol 
IbMiaii MiliiArT wtiffk* a r •%rT%\ « 15 o«ft>1u>-tin«: fr>>a 1^ one t^i th# uchct. 
Tla«7 wrtT |»rvl«Uj Iim •uiuntrr (liarti r* nt^f^t ^tfir^ of ibc Miikllrlij fW- 


you. From CarlJlc we travelled all alon^ a Roman road till 
witliiu 2 miles of tuy hou^e, pamtiiig tUrougb the Maiden Castle 
upon Staiiemore, in Westmoreland, It Ii;id been fortifjed with 
a vallum of stones, &, indeed, could [have] been made of no 
otber materials, the whole countrey for 6 or 7 miles being hut 
one heap of tbcm, tt the road the roughest & most disagreeable I 
ever trod. We have, in Britain, several mniden castles, maiden 
bowers, maiden ways, nil reliques of antiquity, but why bo 
named I never could devise. My paper being filled, I conclude, 
like Brown ^\''illis, with pardon liasty scribble, & believe me, 
dear Doctor, 

Your most faithfuU humble servant, 

R. Gale. 
Mv service to nw sistor, & let her know I received her hut 

cm. Samuel Gale "to the Ret. Db. Stckrlet, at Stam- 
ford, LiKcoLssHiRE." — H. F. St. J. 

London, Jan. 15, 1739-40. 
Dear Sir, 

1 lii)|>t' you'l e.\cusc my long silence, we having been froze 
up here in uur c-cIIh ever since Cbrititnias day, so that this iipostle 
(as my [joni Dmnfcnnling luis it) m:ty rattle in yoar ear 
when thawttl ; like words coiigeald in northeni air, tor, believe 
me, I have been shiitt up whole days in my little cell, not dar^ 
ing to front (ho pincliiu;: Mists of Greenland, & the gentler 
brcc/es of Laj>land. I have been but once at the Antiquarian 
Sficit'ty, A n<il once :it our cimciTto ; so that having existed in a 
sphtTc but very littk- bigluT than a dormouse, your wonder will 
vvum'. 1 Ik>|)c- you ii Madame de Stamford have enjoyed a 
milder ctiinatc. I hcare that yon both <le«igne to be in town 
slmrtly. when I shall !»*■ verj- glad to pay my oblation, I mean 
my spices, which are packed up, ii directed, with deaigne to send 
them down, unless your Kj»ti-dy arrival prevent it, which I aliould 
lie glad to know. At h-ngtL, with much laboar & search, I have 
found the motto on the Abbot of Crow land 'a chair (m.), Bene- 
dii-tus funU's domino, to U- [Hirt of the tiiamphant aong of the 3 

A:^l Mlsrfet.LANEOrs i^RRP^H|H>Sl»R> 

childron ifler thrirc ficrv trval in the furnace. I have hoaitl 
nothing; latoly from S<*rutoii, but that th<*y an* all wrll apain 
then*. With my Invo A. mtvIo* to my »i>trr, I l»o;!;: leave tu 
subiUTJlie myM'lt, dour Sir, 

Vour afftrctionati* bnuhtT &, vitv humble wrvaiit. 

S. Gale. 

CIV. S. GaLK **Ti)TIIK HkV. Dr. StUKKLEY." [Print^i IM 
A'ichols^M lieli'j. GnlnuHT^ So, II.j Pt, 11,^ ;». 1H'»]. 

B^-dfoni How, May U, 1740. 

I)oar Sir, 

AHor my thanks for yt>iir la^t kind rpintlf, thin \% to an|uaint 
you that I wa^ <rrt*atlv n*J(ii«f«i t«i hoar that inv fiifttrr had louml 
lu*r paraphrnialia n;:ain. I ».iid that aIh* had hid thrni herM*lf, 
but oiuld nut n*mrmbi*r wh<*n*. Hut vour friend I\«ck baa liecn 
roUiod iiidetti in bin Hi;;ht to Mrlton Mt»wbniv. A h^t all hi« 
n>le. I communiratotl that part of your h*tt«*r alxuit tin* urn at 
Ihirol»rivi!t, to the Anti«|uarii*«, uht» would Ijo ;;latl of a drawin;* 
of it t4i plact* in their an*hivf«. Vour St<»nehrngi* i* wril re«*t*i%i<d. 
k Mr. Vic«"-i»n»^idint Fiilkt** toM mo In* hnil nia«io a tino m*Micl 
of it \\\ maho;;anv muo* h«* ha<l n-ad v<iur iMMik ; A it i« a:mHoiL 
if \ou can maintain tin* tnitli of vi*nr monMiniti<in«, iIn* wboir 
mu^t Im* owntil a di*mi>nM ration. \\ lfl*h^h, tin* mi;;hty rritir 
hai« aallieil out to attick Mr. \ViM*\" whiti' InirM*, undrr tlic tiiV 
of ** Tiie im|«rtintMu*i* A iiii|iii«turr of miMlfm antii|uaric« di»- 

** tlrv FrAnriB Wi«r pu^'ish'^t « l^*i-r to IH \|r«*! in IT.V. itn 
Aritit|uilir« in Rrrkthirr. and id 174.* • •rmrtil «"rk. rntitlr«l - Kuittirr tNiacr. 
VAtfin* uttiin tbr White I1i>r*r •n-l > '.Kf r \t.ti<^uitir« in Rerk«hirr . tn wLirL 
liT mf^inlAined iKm the Whitr Il<ir*r • • m* numtnt *\i iKi* Wi-at saiiwb. Maite 
in rorin<trY itf a frrat victi-nr \\\ A fr<l ovrr Utr lune* in *ri. Mr W J. 
T1ifi«ia«, Y^K. in a ciiinMuoi( r. \\^t Ncirtv «>f Ahtii|UArir«. i« I^IX 
ci|irrM0i hiA ofMnion ibai thii »a^ ~ !>•• mot.umtnt ohbw cMnimiite ul vtctt^y. 
but A MrvinnAl formed by tli* ^«t •!.• %\ the iim^ tif iht-ir ri>nver«Hitt to 
ilinaliaiiilj, '•! the tmrrtd wkttf A^r*^ which in the K\%y% *4 \^gmn\tm IumI 
de|«flCurvd in I he lArml fru^m i>f «»* r«. **ne^ riiviinir «>n the d>i«na mnm tmllml 
A«lMlu«n — I Ur ArrkmmUf^m. vu t&ii p. •'»» The laU Mr. Akt 
It WM BnUak.-/*.. |i. IfT. 


|)liijcJ," printtil bv Oslioriie,' Paternoster Kow ; tbe author, 
Pbilalcthe^ Rii^lk-us.' I am this iiDttant goiog to dissect him at 

I thank you for your kind invitation to Stamrord, but my 
time will not )>cnnit mc to tnke that tour, especially before your 
c\{>cdition to tbe north. Mr. Roger designs shortly lor the >«aine 
place. I own I was oontcnicd to find you gone to your inn the 
iSunday evi'oing Ijpfore you leli London, I came from Uamp- 
stcad, it was ai bomo by s^-ven, according us I letl word, but tlie 
woatlicr being vory net & cold, 1 cl^.-^ to decline disturbing yuu 
at yiiiir quart t>, which I liupu you will excuse. I shall not fail 
to talk w!tb your friend Dyer' about tlio attair you hinted to me 
at a [iro|K;r o|iportunity. So wishing you &. my sister a pro9- 
|)oroiw journey to .Scrutoii, 1 atu, liear Sir, 

Your aRoctiunate brother A. very humble servant, 

S. Gale. 

CV. RoGKii Gale "to thk Uev. Dr. Stukeley, at his 
HOUSE, IX Glocesteb Jstrkkt, London." — H. F. St. J. 

rScruton, May lOtli, 1741. 
Dear Doctor, 

Tilts \\:\n intenili'<I for you the la-t |)ost, but I was all that 
day !>o ill (hat i could not gi-tl out of my bi-d, much lessc sett 

' Tli..mM CI^Tiie. ScHf,, n r- -i-il-.ble Ix-ikiwller of t«.i.l..n, dinl in I74S. 
TlioniM Ui>l><>riie. Jui.r.. > l-vxikm-lkT uf prcai enincncu in Oraf'i Inn, tad 
niaiiy rcnrr unv of llie i.i>urt of aiuioiaTitii ul tlie Stalionen' CoRi|auij, died in 
I7i::. Ilt'carrii',l..iiii.uo.-t'-.<r<<1 tr.i.K-froiii i;:tK to tTGT. In>Ulurehc»« 
r.l:..rt nriil ll.iH : ami 1" lii^ lutiTiurii. ■utlmritaliTC anil inMtcnt in raanni-r. 
Ill tlir Iii:t<r pan ii( hin lil.- liiH iiiniiiiFni were mttened, "It bM been canfi- 
iU-iii?y ftuiLiI." rn}f Ibwwvll. " ilini Juhnxin, uik Umj, knoclied Oaborae dovn 
in liir i-liiip. Hiili H fuliK, BiiU )iui Inn fiHit upiiii bii n«ck." JoboKin. howetcr. 

Hut ii Hiu iMii ill h;> thoji. il wu ill m; i>wii ctumlMT." Chbome porcbMod 
(lie tlnrU'ian O'llfcti.m i.( Manu*eri|.ti dir £l».OUn. fur the binding only ct 
which U'nl Oifur-t Sail |>aiil KiK.IMi; ftiul in 1743-4, printed anacocwntof 
them uikUt (he title ■- Catalnpuii UibliutliecK HarleiuiK," Ac. in foor Tota., 
and llr. JuliNi-.n wr,.l ■ 111.- |.rifa«'.— >ei- Timprrlrf'M Eiuyrlaftt^ia »f Litmrf 
and T-iK^raphiral Ai.rrd,-fri. Tol. ii., p. TIK. 

* Nrc Jlrit. rit/i.i^ ITT: and tlie LifrfMPf Jatw^Waiof Mr. Rn«Tw,|klIf, 

* Viilc Cunmoii-placn Book, |>. I VJ. 


IM*n to jMiper ; however, I think hy pcMid & timely inmnii;rcinent, 
I have now shaken off* my in<lis|MiMti«>n. 

I tliil not in the leant apprrhend that th«* fn^^at man*rx|iected 
anv annwer fr«>ni mo Ui what was intimated in vuur last but ore, 
for I take all that he naid U^ [b<>] but a mouthfull of moonahine, 
& meriting no return of com pliments from me; he indtN-il ban tbe 
art of Uting very |>r«»t'uM» of them uiihtmt any meanin;r; I never 
had. I am iuiti»fied he wnuld never have ofTereil nie tbi^ favor 
had he not be4*n fully |M'nu:idiNi th:it I would decline it. Now 
he can Hay (which |i«Th:i|iH i% the chief aim «»f hi* ii^eet word») 
that it in n(»t Ih.h fault I \s:\% not ri-<vi%'«*<l a^ain into hi« fiinml 
l^racHTs ; ^ if I sh«>ultl pay my «)lH*iMnce to him, the best rrtum 
I ah«>uld f^ett from him would b«> but a ^necr, A a deny all of e%enr 
Word he has said u|M>n tln\ «H*oa.Mon. (feiRTall wonU im|iort 
nothini;. I hoartilv wii^h \iiu mav not rind them wliollv inftiinit* 
fii-ant. I rem4*mlMT to ha\e M>«'n alN»ut a ft»rtni^ht a;;o, in tlie 
new!ipapc*rs, tliat a r«i\ all M.*arfi* hail U*i*n «lis|iiiKeil of to an ubacune 
creature who wan ne\er hrard of U-fon*, nor |»erba|i« uill be a;rain, 
a.« have bt^en a dozm more, f^ince \ou villicited for that honor, 4 
you have not yt-tt Im^ou MirpriMil hy the failing; of one « if tliem 
u|Kin your own shoulders. 

Hut t4> H'turn ; whv hhould I pay niy ci»mplimentii t<i a man 
who has umhI uxv im» ill, a man that would have niin«'«i me liad it 
Imn'u in bin |K>wer, I will not i»ay for n«ilbin;;, but f«ir doing mT 
duty, & a faitlifull execution of my «>ffice? Ono whu»e %ile UMj^e 
ha» cani*elle<l all my obligations to him« A: who haa nol done me jii»- 
liiv, though he ackmiwlitlp'^ the injurv, flagrant injury, I liave 
riM'eiv«*<l fmm him ? If he i^ ^n «iii«ilile. a« h«' pn-ten<l«. that he 
haK tlt»no me wn»n«.', he can make me M>me small amends Hben- 
I'ver he plraM-s, ^ a^ hi* tunnti mi> out ••! my plan* witliout noticY, 
wttlKiut pving me or any of my fricmU Irave to «|ieak to biai 
aftfrwanls in my def«>nci>, loading nie ^ith falM*liond» which he 
kiie^ to U* S4I, bavin;: the front to « all nn* a Jai*t»bilr« tbuugb tile 
ni»ble fiemon he said it to niadr him «*at hit words, A at hut brin|( 
driven to tell e\er\'body my crime m as perMinall to bimarif, 4 
b«* Would aiimiit of n«i e\|Hiiitulatit.n aliout if, ought lie not to 
maki* me what njiaration Im* can without my cringing to bioi at 

• Sir Boliaft Walpolc 


bis levfe, £ danciog attendance among his slaves — tm object be 
shall never have the pleasure of satiating his insolence with? 
What confidence can I have in a man that has used me worse 
than a dog, unprovoked, & onely because be wanted aij post to 
reward one that he had sent upon a dirty jobb into France, & to 
dispose of a pension that another hud to a member of Parliament 
that could not sitt at the excise board, nor loose his seat in the 
House of C[oramoDs]. 

ily last ga\e you two setts of reasons why I could not pay 
my court to hiui : one was ad hominem, to which may be added 
all the alMiie written ; the other was ad me ipsum, to which I 
steadily adhere, <!^ if he requires my answer, you may acquaint 
him with one or both, or neither, but tell him, in short, when he 
has made mo rejiaratioi] for the uTong he has done me, that I 
sliall thi'ii Ih' )iis humble s<Tvant, but don't think it worth wbtle 
to come to Loudon upon bare promises, mera verba. 

I must own, the gre.ilc^t regrctt I have by being out of 
cmploiment, is the incapacity it puts me under of serving my 
friends. I gave you a paltry instance of this in my last; if I 
could not obtain the lowest commission in the army for a near 
relation, Iiow can I expect anything for myself worth acceptance, 
or for a frii-nd ? ^Vhat e<|uivalent for sacrificing the quiet of 
my old age, which, :is great n man as ho is Sir R[obert] W[al- 
[tole] can never renew, or make up the C years he has robbed 
UK- of. I wuuld not have you think it is my great circumstances, 
as you take ihcm to be, that make me despise the advances be 
has made lowardt: me. It is a great misfortune for any man to 
have t"K> high an opinion conceived of his estate, either by him- 
self or others. 

This is my case. 1 hope God has given me enough to defind 
me from immunda ]tauperiK, from doing vmmg to anybody, or 
l>eing a slave to the greatest, & I am perfectly content with wbit 
his has bestowed ojwn me. 

This diiy's news brings us an account of the king's being gooe 

abroad,* but neitlier your name nor mine among tbe U^ of 

• Georg«Il.weDttoUuio*erHs76tb,attdretanMdtaBBglsndOelolMrMtk. 

324 MiKT.tXAsrorH coRRExpospicyrc. 

pr«*r«*rni<Mit.«, A I wi^li wr iiny nut pi linnii in iiami Inf^etlHT. 
\Vli«*n \i»u •»!»<• Mr. W^M, :rivr ni\ hfurtv M»r\ire U» liini. A; c<»n- 
^itnLiti'1114 n|Hin lii^ Mir(*«>fil'ii:^ ut St. AIl»nn!*, wliirh I wi^h, J: 
dti nut niufli (ti»ul»t, Init it will turn to :;imn1 aei*«iunt to him. 
Wlion vou rot urn home let ni«* know, A I will lie at StnnAirtl as 
iMMin n« |Mi^«ili|«*. I n*joi«*<* much tliat \a>uI IVniliri)ke h.i^ untlrr^ 
tak«*n til «ili*>ti*tri(Mti* Ahiir\ intu the wurM. I don't c|ue»tion 
liut h«* will ni.'iki* ir worth %otir uliih . A that it% a|i|M*anincr will 
In* in th«' f>*i/e, f»ha|M', A r« •einhian<*«' nt it** »i««ter Slon«-lirn;;r, 
which uill niak«* th«'ni a iHMUtit'uil ^'enieiiie : hut am alnii<i I 
slinll rin«i tr%v 4<nei>ura::iT^ of \our pr«Nlui*ti«»n<k in them* |4irt». 
Ilii\\«'\iT, if vt»u will ;.*i\i* m«> M»me of vnur |>n»|Ki^ilN when we 
in<N*t, I will eniieavor to puit them iitf at m\ return. All hrrr 
pi\e thevr M«rviw to vou A my *i«»l«T, none more tlian, ilemr 

Vour iuti*»t oiilipnl hunihie fk*r\ant, 

IL Gaul 

Our elfoetiiin tor N lirtli allertt>n wa^ |:im ThupMlav, niv indt»> 
|Mi«i(i«in w'oiilil iiiit li-t mi* U* th«*ri*. There %%a« no o|*|M>«itiiin, «o 
the two iiM iinr^** w«-re cltirM-; A .^lr. Smelt, n*tuniin|; hi»me in 
hin rhiriiit alMiut «|i-v«n at ni::lit. w;i« ov«-rturi:i^l, A h;itl lii<» ri;:lit 
arm hrnke, :i little Im>1ii\% ilif up|Mr joynt. 

CVI. Sa^I'KI. (iALK '•?'» THK HkV. |)|l. STtkHI.KY, AT i 
I'lillh, Ll\< iiLNMIIIKK." — 11. F. Sr. J. 

London, June IH, 1741. 
iK-ari* l)ii*':»ir, 

Tlie iiiirU l»url\ <if I n«\ hu^in<*^«, (of whirh I iu%e 

;:ini*r.ill\ .1 |iri-tt\ tortuitf>UH •hare), in attctiilin;* the n-turn cif 

thi kiii;;*- \4t<'h<k tmm i ^••iiM n*>t |H-rniitt ntfti*\i«it my 

hriithtr. %V .^t-iittonl. at th* tim< h«- ^.i^ thi-n*, mi tiiat my lii»|v« 

oi Initli iiiu*l 1m* n IrrnI to annthtT «ummiT; A 1 uiuftt lie cnhi- 

tful in till* W4ti Inn:; the riiK*k« that graze U|Nin llii*nia», tbr 

<lt hjlit« o| Mhiih m*iUitt are muih to ni\ ;;u«t«». I li«i|« »4imr 

tnm- **r ••(Im r tin n t<» lia%e an humhle i*otla;;e« A a liltir pdli-r%' 

* lir««iar<l MDrll. IUi| , aiiil !!• nrj l>irM . K*! 


crouded with antient companions in good leather jacketts, which 
I esteem far beyond the empty chitt chatt of a modem tuppee 
petit-maitre cloathed in tinsell. 'Tis with surprizcing pleasure 
when I view from the summit of our hill two irreat cittvs embel- 
lished, one with stately dome, the other with a venerable abbatial 
tower, & old Thames riseing with her silver streams to give fresh 
verdure to the bordering meads ; these amusements so support 
my spirits, when hindred from remoter visits of our rural scenes; 
& neare our town we have our walks, & Marybone, where we 
have a fine organ to entertain us during breakfast time. & Vaux- 
Iiallj with a grand concerto for the evening, magnificently illumi- 
nated with numerous cristalline lamps, & the brilliant lustre of 
the belles dames, this sometimes makes my captivity seem easier. 
I hope you have bauishd the gout out of your territories, & say 

with Horace, 

Tristitiam ct metus 

Tradam protenris in mare' crcticam 
Portare Tcntis. [Ode xxvi.. 1-3]. 

My sister, I hope, & all your family are well. Pray present 
my respects to the Oundle hospitable house, k to Mr. C'ollins, 
when you see them. We have no news, but wait for some from 
Carthago nova. In the interim I am, dear Sir, 

Your affectionate brother & verv humble ser\*ant, 

Saml. Galk. 

CVII. The Rev. Dr. Stukelky to Roger Gale, respecting 


THE Royal Society, the .^ksYPTiAN Society at Ix)N- 

DON, WITH an account OF THE SiSTRUM. — H. C. 

9 Feb., 1741.2, 

Last Thursday we distributtxl 5 golden medals, coined from 
Sir Godfrey Copley's legacy of £5 p ann to be given to the per- 
8<m that shall perfonn the best experiment for the year before 
the Royal S<K-iety. It had not been disposed of for the 5 last 
years, but was now given to Dr. iStcphen Hales, Dr. Alexander 

' Tjkenoou Stream*.— R. O. 


Stoart, Dr. TheophiltiB I)«*ftagulif*rM, k to m gmtUman who ^re 
lu an mccount of chickens k hop»* l>onf-fi b«Mn^ tinctured with % 
deep scarlet by eating of madder, k to another whu inrenied a 
method of drivinf^ piles, ax nnw practis«><l at Westminster l>ridjre. 

We have erected an ^];:]^'{»tian S«)ci«'ty/ at I>e B«*ck*» head, 
in (^handois street. My I^onl Saiulwic-h is pn*ftident, sereral 
gentlemen who hare lN»en in ifC^ypt are mem lierv others philc^ 
Egyptians ; the Duke of Montagu, Uichmond, Mr. Martin Folka, 
are of the numljer. The president has a ^istrum to call silence 
layd before him. Discoursing of the nstrumj* no satisfactory 
account could bt* given of it ; the Duke of Montagu askt my 
opinion ; I rose k gave a hing detail (»f my senlimentn concern* 
ing this famous instrument, k deduced the use of it from the 
beginning of the world. 

At the first institution of smiTifices, mankinfl waited for a 
descent of fire from heaven to consume the sacri rices, as a sign 
of God*s acceptance. Fur this signal they stayd a long time, k 
were obliged t4) wmtch k drive off the binl^ tif prey that came to 
devour the flesh of the offerings, a** Abraham did, Uent^. xt. 11. 
This they did witli a crotalu;*, rattle, or si^tnim. which the 
JEg^Titian*, for this reason, made an aniuletick, avemincati\e 
or prophylactick symbol. Tlio rattling i»f it at th«*ir mysteries 
was equivalent tn the calling tiut i\u^ i\a^ itn liiiinXot.^^ The 
company was highly pleasi'd with thi> acci»unt. k I ba%'c since 
wrote it out at large. I am, yuun», dc, 

W. Stukblbt. 

* Drvmber llib. 1741. an EgTpdan s^-irif wm Ir^a aader tlic ptvM- 
d^tship of liord SttDdvicb. The purpuae *4 ii wa« to iO()airr laio Ec«|<iMi 
•BUqoiUeib Lord ?«Aiidwicb wm mrc b; Pr iVicKki. I>r. Tim. CapCAJD Nor- 
dra (A I>anr). ml\ bavini; Ih^h in K»*r|i( Th* t t. •mir.Atol Mr Martin KoSkra. 
Cbarlca Manbopc. l»r. Mii>«. Mr Pampirr -(^ tKr *rr Ma*:«-r %*( Kt*«). Mr 
MitebcU (qu. ihr laU rranlrnc at 11* rlir. i. aMi* .at« • mt.xl muh ihcn d'UDticfv oi 
liM Soarty. A .^^lairam wa« laul kcfurr lur i^x-B.trra. a« tbc raUcM of hia 
oAoe. At oor of tbear ni««rtinc*. >n \7iJ (Kr I>ukr of M<>nia^u€ «ik<U |>r. 
Bisbtlrj to ciptaiD ibc purport of the inttniBcni. «bo aa^d it wa« tbc laalfv- 
■•at wbcrrvitb Abraham drove tbc bini fr«>a bia aacnacc iGcocaia iv. IIX 
SDd ihcBoe applied hj the Eayptiaat at a aacnftcial lOftraBcat— Sec XtehU§'$ 
iUUf. O^U^m^. No. 11.. part ii . Il^* 

* A draviDf of tbia laatniBeat. brlon^'inf u* >\t liana Moanr. la m «m« «| 
acakaley't vnlanr* uf UeUhca. in tbc puMiwt.'b uf ibr licv. II K. M. Johft. 

** Piocal O. pmoal sale pfolaai.— I'lry, Mm. vi^ Sto. 


CVIII. Roger Gale to the Revd, Dr. Stukelby. — BL F. 

St. J. 

Scruton, Decbr. 11, 1741. 
Dear Doctor, 

That the Royall Society is in such a flourishing state, & 
abounds with so many noble virtuosi, is matter of no small joy 
to me. I want nothing here but the weekly entertainment you 
are happy in at their most instructive & curious meetings ; but 
we must not expect to be compleatly happy in any place upon 
this globe. I hope Sir Hans made a voluntiry resignation, for 
though his age may now render him not so capable as formerly 
to discharge his office of President, yet it would be barbarous & 
ungratefull to oblige him to relinquish it against his inclination, 
& quit a chair to which he had been so great an ornament ; for 
no man that ever satt in it had the prosperity of the Society 
more at heart, was a greater benefactor to it, or putt its affairs 
into better order. I don't doubt but his successor will tread in 
his steps, & keep up the prosperity of it w^th as much care & 
honor. I promise myself great pleasure & instruction from the 
minutes you intend mc under the fair hand of Misse Stukeley, 
which alone would engage mc to read them with the greatest atten- 
tion. I hope it will not be long before I shall see some of them. 
Brother Sam will have a small box to send me about Christ- 
masse, by which they may be convoyed, if too large for a letter, 
k at the same time be pleased to give him the seal & lamp for me. 
I allways wished i>oor Lord Oxford's most noble collection 
might have been kept entire together, but such is the vicissitude 
of human affairs. The title is gone from the principal branch of 
the family ; the estate greatly inij>overished ; &. the librar}*, 
which was the delight ^ pride of both father &, son, to be dis- 
persed, no body knows where. I am glad, however, that there 
are some hopes of the M8S. being purchased for the librar}* at 
Oxford, & not suffered to be exporteil, as were those of Vossius,'' 

" Probably Isaac VoMini. Aon of Gerard John Votdiu, bora at Lejden, 
1618. In 1670 he settled in England, obtaining from Charles II. a canoniy of 
Windsor. He published a book to prore that the Septaagint renion waa pro- 
daced by inspiration ; and yet. by a singular inconsistency, he expressed some 
doabcs respecting the sacred text, which letl Charles to say, **This learned 
divine is a strange man : he belieTes ererything bat the Bible.** His works 
are numerous. Died at Windsor Castle, 16SS.— iTfrttfa, p. 1066. 


to the prcat dishonor of the nation. Wr ou^ht in Ite the more 
aoUioitnus of retaining; them hen>, an th<T«* in liiirh a \ant trex^uiv 
of En^lifth mfTair* contained in them. A: which cannot l>e of m> 
much value to mnv other countn*v. 

An for publiok affaim, I think it i^ |»a«>t the nkill of human 
councilla to retrieve them. I ;;i%'e mynelf an little thought almit 
them an iionnihie, vett I have Mill mi much ]«ive left for mv 
count rev, that tlx* ini|>endin;; Momi c:iu*h*<« me mativ a rtMJeiM 
hour. Dabit I>f*u<« hin <jUOf|uc fim-m [^fSn.^ i., IDl^] i^ all we 
have for it. 

Dr. MiddletonV** idolatroun Cf>ntrovcr»y ha« |>ut me upon 
readin;^ over apiin hi^ letter from Honii*, k compnrin;; it with 
an anonymou«» Pren<*h author I ha^e u{Hin the n:ime tuhiert. 
The Doctor taken no noti(« of it, hut I think l»v M>me of hin 
remarkn & exprenaionn he han ne<*n it ; thou^rli it muM lie confe*t 
in nuch an identity of topick<«, it w<iuld In* allmofit ini|i«in«ibie 
for the obaen*ationn ;iot to «*oincide nometimcHi. Tlu* title of it ia 
Len ConformitA^ den i Vn*monion MtKlcrne* avee le* anctenne« 
ou il eat pn>uve par d«-n autoriti*^ iu<'«>nte4tahle^ i|ue |i»« <vrem€H> 
nie* de TE^jline It<»maine noiit em pru ill •*■«•* den Riven*, A 
Levde, 16f»7. Dr. Mid<iletoirn ol»niTV:itiiinn nn* moMlv ^jtoo^mIoI 
Upon hin own virwn. The pr<M>fn of tlii^ Ixiok are chiefly from 
pannap*<t out of Popi«h authoni. It Ia wi-I1 Mrnt**, k if |Mit 
into En^linh, k made known to tin* puhlirk. wouhl lie a goni 
back to Uie Doctor, k I lielievt* woukl all mi pruve a« poid 
an anawer to Mr. \V[arburton] and the nM of hi« oldatrantes 
an will come out in the DoctorV defi*nci*. 

|70« (> I> III i:iT vitrn hr .|uarrrIV 1 «;t). |tr rM*'r> I: .• ..• iv •fi<»».r •« 
Ibr •ubjed uf rtor^iiAAi frr* A U«i»u:t f. !'•'«•- I «r. rh \l li:«*t«n c»iim«I 
bvt iC crrslnl grr*l prrai*n»' rnni:tf . %tt*\ wl.ri- It t.''t t i r.<|.ar I • ; r« r-i.M-^i 
of Xht OrtYk T'»t*mriit. MiiUr.rtiin »tt»i-krl i* sr. 1 ti •■ •ir*:/-. «a* •>«ffl<>o<«J. 
In I7;?4 he •prut »>ar itror lo Um*y »imI •r. hi* r*%-,r:. |u':i«i>«-«| hi* *" Ijriirt 
tmm ll'-ror " ahutiing IKaI the rr!i,:i<iUB ntr> • f ti.r K mjkU rhurt h mrrt *lt%w% 
frott the hrftth'ii* III* AiiArk i*n Pr ll'«!rrl«n I • ' Vit.>|i,-»riin of like 
Kcn|4arr." in 17.11 <lr«« u|«>n MitMIrtittt thr «-}.ar|.-r t.f iiifi.lrl<tv la 170 km 
** CDioiri itit<i thr mir«r«I<>u« p««i-r« tuit^-^fsl t>> hair •ut«-«rr<l in th^ <'hn»- 
tian churrh. fr*«m thr r*r!ir«i nc^" •f>f^«rr1 at.<; /•%( .-njt aIatvi t«> iW- 
clergy. Btfrn IGikl . «lica l7Su— ifrrf««. |» 7IS 


I jKjrceive by the specimen you have given me of Mr. Wood's*' 
performance that you have little to fear from such an anta- 
gonist if he had entered the lists with you; but so farr is 
he from contesting anything you have laid down, that he 
plainly grants whatever you can desire by agreeing to the 
measure of your cubit, & application of it ; for that is the 
foundation of all your obser\'ation8, & being once allowed, 
your whole superstructure is immoveable. I fancy he must 
have stolen his ingenious thought of the 3 angels, & the 
Mosaick shew-bread, from some profound Jewish Rabbi ; for 
such a conundrum could never enter into the brain of any other 
sort of mortall. 

I have been so lon<]r that I shall add no more but my service 
to my sister, & are all well; & >\nth my friend B[rowne] 
W[illis], desiring you to excuse hasty scribble, subscribe m}'8elf, 
dear Doctor, 

Tour most faithful! friend k humble servant, 

R Gale. 

Pray tell my sifter that Lady Effinirham departed last 
Simday was a sennight, and left all she possibly could to Sir 
Coniers,** which is said to be very considerable. 


Glocester Street, London." — H. F. St. J. 

Scruton, Febr. 19th, 1741-2, 
Dear Doctor, 

I congratulate you ujK>n your havinr; gott over your 

niartyrdcmi well s|)oken of. It is a subjei't that few of your 

brethren choose to handle, especially before your late audience, 

f<»r thou^rh I believe verj* few of them were pres<»nt to hear 

it, yett as it will be printed, the whole nation [will] become 

" ThomaM Wood, architect. Bath, who wrote and made plant of Stonehenpe. 
Stanton- Drew. ice. 

'• Sir Conrcr^ Dnrcy, of .\iit«*n. K.B. Lord Licatenant of the North Riding; 
who died 17.'>S. Hi» itccond wife wai* Elizalcth, widow of Thomai^, Earl of 


judji^ ii oofiAors of it. The wise &. politick Hisbop of Sanim '* 
allwAVB mvoidft ^howiri^ IiIh imrU upon the occanion by getting 
a nulMtituto to do that work for him. Dr. Knight was his 
back for many y«*ar«, but gott bis nc4*k out of the collar tbe 
laiit timo of |M*rionnanco. 

Tho Iat4f revohicion'* i^ no matter of wonder t4> mo, eicepc 
that it waft m) long lM*fiirt* it wai^ cfl(i*<*ied, the lato adminitlra- 
tion not having had one good principle* to aup|iurt it, acting 
neither u|H>n honor, bune?»ty, conAcience, tnitli, or juatios. 
Our molancholy prospect of affairs, however, atill aubaitta belli 
at home A: abnad ; A I wish our dome»ti«*k diaaenMona may 
not ont*rtMs«* our ton*i;:n dangers. Tlu* change, I ho|ie, may 
contribute to th<* advantage of aomo of my frienda, k that 
tbey will meet with more ainceryty from our new govemon than 
they did in the doluM\e promiiiea of our former ov^fMrvofa^m, 
S9ipi9»iiil(HH. How they pj on alN)ve, I fthall lie glad to hear from 
}-ou, when anything worth writing hap|Hrn» k you have leitur«* 
to inform me. I think an infatuation attended the ringleader 
when he gott bin ba<»tard m> dignifyi*d that it mu!«t exa^^iHrrate all 
the ol«i quality, A. e«|Hvially the lady^, which i» wunte, agaiuat bini. 

I am glad tin* K. S. \uis at la^t r«>nverte<l Sir Godfrey t op- 
ley *ii benetir«-nr<* into a g«ilil mtniall ; it i^ much to their own, a* 
well :\^ the diini*r**, h«»nor. It wa% attemptt^l 7 c»r 8 \eara ago, 
i, I proniotisi the d«f»ipi t(» the utino^t of my |iower, but conki 
not bring it to eft«vt, Sir I{^an»] S[loan] allway» dtacuuraging 
it, f«»r what reavm I t^im«il devi»e. Pray favor me with an 
account of the dei»i;:n!i, or emblem!*, on the medall, witli tbe in- 
acription?! on Uith Mdt*» of it. 

'* Thorn** ^hrr:.<i-ft. xm nf William Shirlock. IVan of Sc. pMl'ti. mm 
in Umtli'ri iwT* •!. >1 i7*'l l:-lu«'at't| \; ( Atl.fnnc lla'I. (*«m)ind,rr, of 
which he IccMpr Kc::«i« mu*i iJurmmrxim MMtrr. Mr micc«bk1«^ hi» father la 
the aa«irr*hip of the Trin| !c In the cunirivervj eicited bir Rtfthut* Ho*Jlcy 
oo the cootCitutiiMi i>f I lie church, he Unik a le^minent part He «aa MMoaa* 
mttlj Bi»h<>p (if lUr.^iif >a!.abur7 and lx»ndon . and dcclinod the l^r of 
CaairrbarT -./rr#t«*». p :•♦:. 

** Apainrt Sir lUilrrt Wa](^>> The new fart lament met r^aeral^r I at, 
1741 >it n^ibrrt I.AT.i.^' : •! ite Biaj'<itv. li aaid to havr declared t^al he 
would (ivr the h<uM t. fanl.rr tniut'r or ever rrtam to it afaia On Hh 
Janaarv 174.* ).r «•• rrraie*! Karl of iMfkrl an«t revised all hia 
oa the llih . afur which he w«nt to rcawlc at Hichmoad fWa. 


The experiments by I^Ir. Stephens^s medicins upon the stone 
confirm the opinion I had collected from severall cases that 
fell within my knowledge & observation when at London, 
which was that they were not sufficient to operate upon all sorts 
of stone, but only upon such as were of a cretaceous or soft 
contexture, whereas when their substance was of a more close & 
hard a composition, it eluded their efforts ; neverthelesse, if they 
are able to dissolve one sort of stone, or cure one miserable 
patient in a hundred, the secret has not been too dearly 

I like the institution of your Egyptian Society very much, 
as I do your short account of the Sistrum, & hope, sometime or 
other, to see it at length, if not in print, at least in MS. Would 
it not adorn Abury ? I think you might insert it there, where 
you will treat so largely of the primitive worship, without any 
great digression from your subject. 

We are all pretty well here again ; for my part I have never 
wintered so well in my life, having not had so much as a cold 
yett My daughter** had the misfortune to miscarry about 3 
weeks ago ; it weakened her more than her lying in, but she 
has gott her health again, though weak. We cannot devise 
what has been the occasion of this disaster. My service to my 
sister & all friends. I am, dear Doctor, 

Your most faithfull firiend & humble servant, 

R. Galk. 

I have received my sister's letter, & thank her for her kind 
perswasions to return to town, but the more I consider of that 
motion the lesse I like it. 

Kitty Kirk is dead in child bed. 

ex. Revd. Doctou Samuel Knight** to Dk, Z. Grey.*' 

[PrifUed in Nidu>W Rdiq. GaUan. ^'o. IL, Pi. II., 

p. 188.] 

Feb. 22, 1742. 


Having an opportunity of a frank cover from the Bishop 

'' Hit too Roger *■ wife. 

*• Samuel Knight, oducatecf at 8k Faal*i Sobool, aad Triniij College, Osa* 


of St. Aitapli, I had a mind to ^ive you a lino of the present 
situation of afTairH. I nr%*or ktH*w mic\i a f;fnoml bannonv k 
coalition of parties in my timt* i\% at pr«»M*nL I the htinour 
yc?»t«*nlay to pn»arh U^foro hi* M:iji»*tv, the Prinrt*'^ A I*rin<'n'*ft of 
\VaI(*K k tho n*Ht of the* K<»yal Family, at St. Jamt*A*ii Chapel, 
tlio first tim«»: thrro was a niitiioroii<t Court. Mr. Pultmer** 
(%\lio ha«« h:iii tlio ;:rfMti*M «h:iri* in thi<i h.ippy union) waji there ; 
tin* Duke of Ar^-le, Mr. Sandyn, Ii<»ni i'artfna," were all 
with I^)nl \Viliniu:xt4»n. Verv stead v ine.i%ur<*<k are n«olved 
U|M>n in relation to ihe Qii«M>n'' of Hun;;arv. TIi<* Huke of 
Ar;:%'le M*tH iiut on Tliur^iav fi»r Hollan«l. to hrin.' the Dutch 
to reas4»n, A to en;;n;re them t«> hreak off their attachment to 
Franci'. Wr have fn»*li K p>nd nrws from Ra%*aria« tluit the 

bridgv. CtiApUin tn KiIwahI. Earl »f Orfutil ; Vicat «•( CkupfienhAm . lUctuc 
of MIuntith»in. Ilunta : (*hApUin Uti\r**r^f II. in 17.11 . .\rrh<lcan>n of Bcrka. 
173.^ He wniCe Wit Livn uf I>r (VIrC an.l KrMoiu* l>i.<<) I74i.— ibv<M, 
!>. 601. 

** ZAfChaij (SrrT. ediu^ an edition of *^ llatlidrs*.'* wirb ouinj canoaa md 
cntcrtainintr nt»tr«, uf which \V»rtiurt«*n vmtr * fir hsfllv ihinki chrrr ever 
apprarnl. in any Uameil lanpitiirr. vn rtrrrahir • h< w *' ni'n*rntr an<l«r iKe 
name of o>mmrrirarie« as hath !ai( Ir >w*rn irif^n a* '^n tK.t •aiiric f^^** He 
alio |4i>'li»lir«l "N«<tr>iiii Shak<-«prarr " an>l ' An An»«rr r.i NmUc's Hielory 
of the PuntAnt " lUirn ir.^; . «||«s| i:«U; -^Hrrf^m, y 4C» 

* Aftrr thr |.ar*iamrntarT ilrfraC of Watp Ir. thr K:t.|r aii<l xUt rnnce «| 
Walr* wrrr rt<^>iiCi)r«i t<» each iHhrr aftrr a ciiii«i<lrral'!r r*iran^-vi^tit. the 
prince aMertinp that Walpnir ha«l hichrrin Iw^ n a \mx Irrwreo the king Wid 

* Mr Pultenry. on the daj of thr pn»rrHr*<<'>" <>f Parliaaent. na called !• 
the vpfwr bouar bv the title of the Karl *if Bath, havinf I^m all bit pnfimlancj 
atid influmcc in thr ch'-rt apac^ of Ave month* fn*m the fa!! of Wal|vlr, wboei 
be dmvr from thr hr!m i>f puhlir affair* 

** John Tarirrrt. Farl of (tranvillr. eM^^i tcti of (ir^ r.r. I>^t CartevrL 
F lucatC'I at U< •!ni.-.»ifr ^'rl. ..' %rA < \ t %'r^ jfcli « * i ;. Mtf..r,| Ambi^- 
■ailor I • s«r«lrn in 171'' . NcrriarT of Mate 17/1 Virrr \ iif Irrlan«l m 1731, 
ani! a^in aftrr thi a«¥<»»i<>ii «if <.«^irre II llr «a« thr mrmT of Wa)po9e*a 
ailmini»trati«in anil mi'V<«t. iti IT4I. f> r thr rrnfval>it tt.** luinisirr. He tl 
became Secrrtarv if *^ta*r Mr «a* a | 'ra*at.! o>m|an.on. and a 
eocatvmfer .-f lrarn<«l mm " P *'*\ ITt-J -^ii^f.'m y 4i*.* 

** In 1741. A«t:o»i *'th the F'rritir of lUvana dn-Srr«l war i^*aiB 
Qurm «tf Hancarr ai.I ha*1 t* r a!)ira S|«in and Krancr In Mav. 174}. Mtialb 
fnfcitt firrt i-ritrrvd f.»r *"tr-^v »rr«i«r | fri« r>r,lr«? !#• |''«»-t'rT» . and m 1743 
Cbr baitV of lirttiii^ti tia« ftivfht. thf Kiigtiab kirtg nrttimamlmf bia 
with creai calaMW and reH>laii*m Tbc Krencb b«l aooii am killed. 


Queen has crreat success against the new Emperor, & has re- 
gained her loss in Bohemia, I saw tlie new Earl of Oiford ^^ 
introduced into the House of Lords ; he looks much dej(K^ed. 
Poor Dr. Twells'* died on Friday, & left a large family very 
destitute. That day Dr. Stebbing* gave the Society for Propa- 
gating the Gospel in Foreign Parts a good sermon. Dean 
Pearce's** Clerum is wrote against very sharply. The Bishop of 
St Da\id's ffoes to Exeter; Dr. Hutton^^ succeeds him. I 
am, in haste, Sir, Your very humble servant, 

Samuel Knight. 

CXI. Re\t). Dr. Samuel Knight to Dn. Z. Grey. [Printed 
in MchoW Miq. Galean. No. 11. y Pt. IL, p. 190.] 

Sarum, May 12, 1742. 
Dear Sir, 

Having finished my visitation in Berkshire, I am got 

" Matthew Twells, D.D., Rector of St. Matthew's, Fridaj Street, mnd St. 
Peter'*, Cheapside, Pn'bcndary nf St. PnuPi*. and one of the lecturers of St, 
DunHtan's in the West. Ho publislied. in 1740. *' The Theological Works of Dr. 
Pococke/* in 2 toU. folio. Until within five yearn of his death, he had no more 
than £100 per annum to support live children with. 

^ Henrr ^tebbing, distinguibhed liinihclf in the Bangorian controTerij 
againfet Hoatllej, and afterwards attacked Warhurton's ** Divine Legation.** 
He became ChanciUor of the Dioce>e of SaIiid>urT, and .\rehdeacon of Wilts 
in M'io. He published ** Sermons on Practical Christianitj/* and " Sermons on 
Bojle's Lectures." Died 1763. — Breton . p. 1»7."». Sec also Commrntaryt^ pp. 
22, 40 ; and A%itobiography, p. ul. 

* Zachary Pearce, educated at Westminster School, and Trinity College. 
Cambridge, where he wrote papers for the **GuanliaD** and ** Spectator.** 
D.D. 17^{4. He replied to Woolston in an anonymous pamphlet, ** A Vindication 
of the Miracle* of Jesus." Dean of Winchester, 17:tO ; Bishop of Bangor, 1748 ; 
Bishop of R»Khe!«tcr, 1756. Bom IfiHO; die<l XI'A.-'Jiertom, p. 818. 

" Matthew Hutton, born at Marske. Vorknhire, 161*3. Educated in the 
Grammar Scho«>l of Kirkby Hill, and Free School at Ripon. under Mr. Lloyd. 
Jesus College. Cambridge, 1710. Fellow of Chri»t*s College, 1717. Domestic 
ChHplain u> the proud Duke of Somerset, who gave him the Rectory of Trow* 
bridge, Wilt>. in 1726, and Rectory of Spofforth. Yorkshire, in 1728. Preben- 
dary of York in 1734. and also Canon of Windsor and Westminster, and Chap- 
lain in ordinary to the King. Bishop of Bangor in succession to Dr. Herring, 
appoinunl to York, in 1743 ; Aretibii»hop of York in 1747. In 1757 Archbishop 
of Canterbury, in which year he «iic«l suddenly, and was buried in Lambeth 
church. — Vide HdMime't UUtorjf vf Manke^ in Jlfrkskirr T^po^rmpkieml Jmirmml, 
p. 253. 


hen* in urd<*r to preach mj turn mt the cathodral on Sunday, 
t to look over tlie Mrripta k charta in t]jc cba|iter-houae, which, 
(tliough very conhidorahlc), yet lie very much neglected. I 
hofM* to find out many tilings not yet taken notice of, relatinj^ to 
the ancient >taU.* of tliis church. I gave the list of Convoea* 
tional piecea to the Chancellor of Peii*rliorouglL He thanka 
you fi»r it, & will borrow home of them when he fixes to writing. 
Nothing was done to any puqKMe at our laiit meeting in Convo* 
cation. Tliore were »om<> good iipeecht»fi on botli ^idea, but the 
reading of the pa|M*r delivered to the Houm* by Dr. Ileynolds 
wan put off till the llHh instant. I hope to be thc*re at the time. 
If nothin;; is done then, I think I shall ne%*er again put myself 
to anv trouble of tin* Mime kind. I am sorrv I could not be al 
the fe:i>t of the Mms of the clerg}' last Thumday, but more sorry 
that the coll<*ction was so small. The colIei*tion for the Society 
for Pn»{Kigation <»f the (fosp<*l, Ac, goes on very i^ucceasfiilly ; 
it is l)elieved it will amount in the wliole, through England, to 
£8,(KXK The itiithop of St. A>aph*s sermon on the feast-day ia 
in the pn*ss. If out lief«>re I leave the town, I shall have one 
for you as a present from the Bishop. He is the first bishop 
that ever preachi*«i on that occaaion. 

Dr. \Vj|kin!« i% ready t«> put to the press Bishop Tanner*s 
** Bo!»ton viria illuMribus Anglia*;**** be brings it down to 
King Jami-s I. Tlie Literary Society have engaged in the 
printing of his *^ Notitia Monai^tica/*^ in two volume*, folia I 
ho|M* the Muior pr«ict4>r, Mr. Beabv, sent the Archdeacon of 
Lincohrs letter to tlie pmlcwutor ; be pleas(*d to semi it lo my 
son HJth the enrlii4<<«l. I am, with humble service to your lady 
& Blm. Mos.<i, dt^r Sir, 

Your afl«Ttionate humbk* servant, 

S. KmoHT. 

* He aieaat " flibliocb. BriuuiDia>-Hibmi«ak'* pnaiad by tkt UlHafy 
Bodtftj. IT4H. uf which lliiaC4Ni i CAUiufvc of vntcn SMkcs a tcfj otmU 
of Um prrfooe.— .\u-4.^ 

It «M pnaiad by tkal booscj. ia «as vaL. 17H. loba^JVMdtaL 


CXII. Rev. Dr. Stukelby " to Samuel Gale, Esq., Bed- 
ford Row, HoLBORN, London. "-tH. F. St, J, 

Le Gannoc,'^ apud Staumfortb, 7 June, 1742. 

Dearest Sir, 

Tour sister got home safe before me, & I went round by 
Essex to visit a druid temple, the only things that run in my 
head at present, & I go on briskly with Abury. I wish you 
went on as fast with your Flanders expedition. Your brother is 
happy in building his librar}-, & I am pretty much engaged in 
repairs & the like at Bamhill, where I think to fix my last tent, 
&j after the mode, retire. 

Ducere solliciUe jacuiida obliTia riUe. IHar, Sat,^ 1. ii., 6, 62.] 

We have expected your nephew Tom'* with impatience. Mr. 
Cayley dyned with us on Sunday, going to Cambridg with his 

Our fens will be very dry this year for our abbatial tour. 
Your hermitage looks mighty pleasant By what I can hear, 
vou will have no lottery this vear. I be<j vou would send Georire 
to Mrs. Graves, at my house, to know whether the printer has 
brought the copperplates home, which I left money with her to 
pay for. We had a very indifferent horse race, & little company. 
I saw Mr. Banks on his way through here. Many members pass 
through here into the north, 6i are to return soon, against the 
impeachment. So you will have Sir Robert in your neighbour- 
hood in a little time. Pray give my sen'ice to all friends at 
Abingdon^s & elsewhere. Your sister preM»nts her love to you, 
&, I am. 

Your affectionate brother & most humble servant, 

W. Stukblbt. 

I received yours this day, for which I thank you. SS'' is 
108. I would have bought at 103, but Sir Benjamin's man 
would not deal for me. 

* Oaonoc, m tUndArd or eniifi^. 

" Son of Charles, the Hector of Scmton. 

■ Soath 8«i Stock. 


CXIII. Rkv. I)u. Stikki-ky **to Sami'ki. (Salk, E^q., is 
Hkiumiu* Uiiw, Hni.inniN, I^imhin." — H. F. St. J. 

Staumfiirth, /> S-pt., 1742. 
Dearest Sir, 

I nvriv<*<l Vfur^, iV mo>t hrartilv coni^ratulati* with vou on 

the hci|M.*ful ri*o>V(Ty of our hrutiuT fn»in iii« tall« tbi*n* would 

liavi* btM'ti a ^rcat dump t»tlirrwi44* ij|miii t(H* pl«*a«urc!« \ prii«|M>ct 

of our next Londoit journ«*y. I liav«* had a Mnall titt ot' the |;uut, 

but oyld it off with p'eal eaM> A: c«*li'rity. I ha%'e h^ng »inci* 

finislu'd what I pro| omnI to <lo tiii<^ suinuter at Uarnhill houM*, 

where I h|N*nd tnuch of uiy Military time. I !»h:dl iifxt Miinincr 

ct»iiimenci* in earn«*Ht to lay out a <i«-li;;htful ;;;irden, A the h«>U(ie, 

though t»l«l, will U* <*i'nilortahli\ d not inrle^ant, ju«t «uiied to 

my ^u*»ti». I have l>ou;;ht a pi«*ee of in^und at lVterj*ate, k 

another at my hack ;;:it«*, in Ikirnhil!, to maintain my fialfrpy ; 

t tbiTe mv lm<*k «'at«* piK*^ into the tiel«N dinvtlv low art! Rvhall 

&. Hrip*aMn»U»n. Sir Kd%vanl Jjawremvcallml hereon Tltunidayi 

wantA to h«*ar of your lirothrr chimin;: Houthwartl ; he hasi been 

in Li'ieo*ter?»hire, at hi-* nephew \Voola«ton*v 

I ha%*e A fine apartment t|«>iki;*ni*<l tor yi>u at liandiill.cxinM^t- 
in;: ^*^ A lar;;e nponi l«M>kin;: full M>uth, down thr ^tnvt, two le»-' 
MT room-, & A little chamiNT, to;*tt her with a little ^ardi*n wailed 
in, a little hoUM% A<-., all di^tim-t fruin the main hou^*. 

I ho|M> you will (^ime iIumu to ni«-<'t \our ImttlM^r ht*rc. To* 
morrow I i^itc u* l*Miu::ht«in, to vi«it the i^uke ol Montapie. 
Your MAter ri*meinU'r<» Ii«t Iov«' to \i>u, &, I am, 

Ytmr :itie«-ti«»nat4* brother, 

Wm. Sti-kklict. 

Mr. rolliii*, will', *V, an* ^miu* a pil;:riiiiap' into S|.i|fi>rd- 
ikhiri*. Mni. <rii«l finr_\* -lie lu* ni»t n-^tivi^l the laM prr^enl 
vou M*nt h«*r ot ancho\\«, A th;it thr% m:v*arrvi*«i. 

('XIV. IliKiKM tSAL» •• !•• TiiK Hi\. Dr. STi*Ki:i.rr," 

H. F. St. .1. 

S. ruton, (Mob. ll», 174i. 
LX-ar I>ot'tor, 

II !• to Ion;; iiiiuv 1 h.d :i liiH* fnmi yoU| or}^^! • line fr 


me, that I choose to answer one received from my sister this 
morning by writing to you. The late accident that has befallen 
me made it very troublesome to putt pen to paper, & the long 
desuetude from epistolizing has made me verj- averse to it, as I 
cannot but own, i this is the tnith of the case why you have not 
heard from me in such a distance of time. I am now, I tliink, 
pretty well recovered from my bruises, hanng little or no pain 
upon the parts that suffered from them, but the lamonesse that 
fell on mv left \o£r ^ thi«rh last summer is returned, thouirh not 
in so great a degree as before ; i\: I have still so much weaknesse 
all over me, that I can scarcely crawl about the house ; to this I 
must add a violent cold, contracted about a fortnight ago, that 
has much disturbed me all night & day, but is now going off 
apace. If I should have had the misfortune of a call at this time 
to London, I could not have obeyed it ; but that seems now to 
be in nubibus, having heard no more of it for 7 or 8 weeks, I 
susj)ect the contest is more aljout who shall tuni out than who 
shall come into the commission, ic till that difficulty can be 
adjusted, suppose no alteration will lie made. 

During my confinement, among other amusements, I have read 
over T. AVo<m1, Archite<*t's Essay, towards a description of Bath, 
iV tliink I seldome have so much mispent my time. You have 
nothing to fear from this doughty champion's attack upon Stone- 
hcngc, if he should put his threats in execution, exct»pt he can 
(»vcrtlirow it by the help of King lUadud, A: the 4 philosophers 
he brought with [him] from Athens, A: plariHl at Stanton Drew, 
not at your Stanford ; in short it is a silly pack of stuff, collected 
together from our fabulous hi>torians. A: where their fictions or 
tnulitions are not sufficient to sup|K)rt his fnncys, he never wants 
falsity s of his own invention t<» supply their defect. As you have 
allrcady seen it, in all probability, 1 shall say no more about it. 

1 find bv mv sister's vou an* for London the fir>t of Xovein- 

ber, A: thank her iV you for the kind invitation to a loilging with 

you in Glouccst«'rsliip ; which I shtiuld most willingly accept, at 

lca>t till I could provide myself with another, if I am sent for 

up ; but as that seems now to be very uncertain, I can say 

nothing to the other. I must confessi*, however, hapi^en what 

will, that I have some inclination to see London this winter, ti if 


health & strength will permit, may perhaps sett out for that place 
afler Christmassc, & stay there 2 or 3 months. I hope this win- 
ter will finish Abury, & am sorry to tell you that I have not been 
yett able to procure you one more subscription to it in this land 
of the learned. 

Wee have had a young lady sent from Burleigh to a countrey 
parson's, at a place called Spennythom, to prevent her marrj'ing 
a footman there ; this has been effectually provided against, for 
yesterday was a sennight she ran away with a recruiting captain, 
& though pursued & overtaken at York, gott marr}'ed to him 
last Wednesday. She is called Misse Bates, & Lady Exceter is 
her aunt Her fortune 5000/. 

You may tell my sister Kitt Crow* continues very well, & as 
most i)eople judge, as great a rattle as ever; he resolutely 
refuses to drink anything but water, though his old companions 
say they will in a little time bring him back again to slaix?-ale.* 
I never saw ajnan eat with better appetite. 

All the rest of our family that can speak give their senice to 
you both, & arc very well ; they are all gone to dine this day 
with Mr. Revelv, who setts out on Monday bv the York coach 
for London. Mrs. Batty Revely returned to York last Tuesday 
was a sennight. She ^ Mrs. Smithson have taken a house, & 
live together, in St. Saviour's gate. 

I received my sister's letter of September 22d, & thank her 
for her good advice in it, which I believe I shall follow in a great 
measure. Tlie unlucky horse I sold in ten days time after the 
accident, for a very good price, having first acquainted the buyer, 
Mr. Fred. Frankland with all the ill I knew of him, k let him 
take him away with him tor 8 or 9 days upon tryall. He pleased 
him so well, 6i was so (|uict with him, that he gave me what I 
ask at the first word. He is to be sent to Mr. Robinson, at 
Vienna. He is certainly a most beautifull creature, & I don*t 
question but I shall hear he is preferred to the Queen of Hun- 
gary's stables. 

' Father of Roger Gale. Junr**., wife. 

' Plain ale aa oppowd to ale medicated with wormwood or ■corry grata, 
or mixed with any other litiucir. Skinner najn it ia a Lincolnshire word.— 
JlaUiireirs Archaic iHctumary^ p. 753. 


Consider this is a double letter, & pardon the length of it. 
I am, dear Doctor, 

Your most faithfull humble servant, 

H. Gale. 

CXV. Sir Johx Clerk " to my good friend Roger Gale, 
Esq. : An Enquiry into the Ancient Languages of 
Great Biutain, being the copy of a Paper intended 
FOR the Philc»sophical Society at Edenborough," 
1742. H. C. 

As I have tliought it no improper amusement to enquire 
a little into the lant:un*;i*s of our forefathers in Great Britain, I 
have thrown tofjether some thoughts which I humbly submit to 
this learned Sc»c*ietv. 

Our aneitnt w ritcrs, with the concurrence of some of our 
nioilcrns, seem allready to have determined the question what 
these languages were about the time of the Roman Empire in 
Britain, but as their opinions stand intirely upon a few traditions 
iV monkish authoritys, I must be pardoned to have no greater 
reguard for them than they dej>erve. 

It was A: has been for many centurys the constant opinion 
that the language wo now >peak in all the centrical parts of 
England A: Scott land k all along the south-ea^^t, east, & north- 
east coasts ot' Great Britain, is what was introduced by the 
Saxons, or Gennan nations, who took po8ses.«ion of these coun- 
treys between ihr years 440 & 4.')0, k that upon the severitys 
exertiscd by iht-si^' invaders, most of the native Britains fleil into 
Wales, where they intnMluced that language which continues 
there to this day.*^ This is the opinion of tho learned Davies & 
Lhiyd, who CMn>idereil the Welsh language as the Lingua 
Uritannica, the anticnt & universal language of Great Britain. 
Buchanan iV Camden seem to be of the «aine mind, but these 
great names can never sup|)ort things that have never been well 

' If tbci'c fupitivcM intrtMlucvd their language into Wale*, what ]juigoag« 
wan thcTf ii|M)kcn UftTc tlicyr arriTal ? The oountrej cann€>t be anppuied to 
have till thfii U'cn uninhabiUMl.^^R. O. 


oun^i(^•^^l« A: tlirri'Inre I think invM^lf al lilM*rtv to show, as far 
a^ till' natiiri' **i tin' tliiii;: t*aii allow, that tlic lan^iiap* now 
h|Hikrn liy iiiun* than thii*t'-f'ourth^ of tht* inhahitantA «it' thii 
island i^ the •^ann', or at Ira'^t, \^ thi* trut* ot'^|>rin^ «>t th<* antiiml 
Hritinh laii;;ua:;r, \ihirh tiNik plaiv when Juliu.*« < ^fftar firM 
inva(it*«l thi^ i*>lanii. 

In thr mean tiinr« I dn ac-kniiwlc«ip* that ii|»on thr ra|iaciotu 
M*vi*ritY*« of the la<»t rai*<* <>t* Sa\«in^ whti invaiiM Kn:;lan(I in the 
5th cvnturv, main nt tin* Itritains tliii inti> Wah*^, hut a.<« thi«c* 
oiulil not Ik? till* twrritii-th part nf the |Mi»|ile who an- naitl by 
Ca'sar to \n\v Imi-ii Intinita honiiniini niiiltituilo, htt it i« iin|io»- 
Mblr tlir\ iMuM >•• «-iitii'rlv oarrv otr with th**ni tho Hritiah 
lan;;iia;;(* a<« ti» hrin;; alMiut a total ('lian;;r of it. No doiibc 
M'vrral hiniilrni thou^an<N niii^^t have rniiaini-d.a niinitNT va^tlr 
(>Xi'(*cilin^ till' Saxon inva«liT^, iV con<«iN|iifntIv niUAt havi* pre- 
MTiml tlii'ir antii-nt;;u.i;;i* «-\c*f|it in mi far a^ in liim* the 
iliali-ct mi^ht lit* altcri*(l. 

As f<»r tho<»i' who th^i into Wah-?*, thev nii^ht iDilepd bavc 
introduci-ii nianv ot' thuM* \«unU which wt? Hmi in Mr. Llu\J*» 
Ktvniolo;;ii*on, I ait it i'^ certain then* wa<» in \Vah-?» at that tiint* 
a vcrv antiiiit lan;;ua:;c, tin* parent of what the |M*ople of that 
cuuntrcy <lo n<*u p*ii«*ral!\ !^|MMk. «V which I U-lieve they 
nncivt^I froiu tlir\ r nii;:lilMir«% in Iri-lami, or Ariiif>rioa in France, 
& *tis very |>nihahh- that thi'^ lan;;ua;;e iiii;;ht a^«iiinc tL«* name of 
Ccltitjue, a<», indfi-tl, iiio^t of the natinnn of Kuri*|»c went nunie* 
time umier the naiin- oft '•■Ita*, a« will at\4*r«-arti« more fully a|»|«*mr. 

Now, in unler ti» iiiak** thi% i*ni|u:ry the more n*pilar & con- 
vincing, I <«hall pnH'«-til hy the tollowin;: otrp^:- 

1«t, I ^liall «hew tn>in thf U-M authorit\« which anti«|iiitv can 
priHiiiie, that th« tn iiatiiinH wen* thr tir«t who |ll<•lplt^l far 
the ^n-ate«t part ot thi« i^lanii, particularly all th** ««iuth, M»uth- 
eaM, eaM, nMrtli-«-aM. \ northern iiartu of (■n*at Mritain, A 
tliiTcfort', I \rh U*t«in* till- iina^iiin of the la.«t racv of Saxon«, in 
tiK* '*th century, that our l*riti^h (tia^t^ f*p)M>«ite ti» iIm* mntinrnt 
of (teniianv A (t.illia wire calliil the Litftra Sa\onica. 

2iiil, I ftliall »hew what wa« ;:iiierall\ tlit-;;uap* of the 
|H^ip|i- who inhaliiteii tht*M- c«ia«t.«, «V dtr what reason it may lir 
UitHi;;kl to lia\e Ux'U iIm- Grruian laugua^*. 


3rd, I shall describe wbo the antient Celta3 were, & how far 
some of them were understood to be the Gralli, & how those 
Gain were distinguisht among themselves. 

4th, I shall shew the great antiquity of the German 
language, & that it was imiversally received by the far greatest 
part of the Celtique nations. 

5th, I shall shew how, in all ages of the world, it was a 
common thing for the peoj)le even of one nation to have dif- 
ferent languages, & that this was the case in Britain at the 
time when the Romans invaded it 

6th, I shall give the reasons that in all probability induced 
the AVelsh writers to believe that their language was the ancient 
Lingua Britjinnica, the general & universall language of Great 

7th, I shall shew by what means verj* considerable alterations 
have crept into the present general language of Great Britain, 
but that it still remains the child (V true offspring of the ancient 
German or Saxon language, which took place hero in the time 
of the Romans, the same Lingua Theutisca or Tc»utonica, which 
has spread itself all over the north-west part< of Europe. 

L To begin with the first head I mentione<l. viz., that the 
German nations wore the first who |K'Opled far the greatest part 
of tliis island, particularly all the south, sc>uth-<'ast, north-oast, 
k northern parts of it, I shall adduce the authority of Julius 
Cajsar, wherein his 5th Imok of Commentar%'s de BoUo Gallico 
has these wonls — Britannia? pars interior ab iis incolitur quos 
natos in Insula ipsa memoria proilituni dicunt. Maritima jtars 
ab iis qui pr;ed;e et belli infert*ndi oau>a ox IVIgici tran>it»runt ; 
qui oninos fere iis omnibus CiviUitum ap|M*llantur, quibu> orti 
ex Civitatibus oo provonerunt, et Ik»IIo illato ibi romansorunt, 
atquo agros colore oa?ponint. Hero wr may obsorve that Ca'>ar 
s|»eaks of those inhabitants as coming from Bolgiunu by which 
name all the inferior parts of Germany U'twecMi tho Rhine iV the 
Si'in were calle«l. Tlia«c inhabitants were, in all prolmbilitv, 
settled in Britain long before his time, since he obsor%t»8 tliov 
had cultivated lands, built houses, Ac. And thi> is still the more 
evident that in the time of (laudius, but a few ve:irs afterwards. 
Tacitus takes notice tliat the city of London was a great empo- 


riuin, (»r ]A:icv of tnnio, which in all pniliahilitv wa« with tl>e 
native Hritiirif^ wh<» iiih:ihitf<i tin* mountain^ & o-nirirall pLim^ 
at oiin?«i(ioralih* ili'^tanro*' t'rtnii tli«* oia^t'* A' na\i::ah|f ri^frK 
TlioM' muM have Im-«»!i hut trw, who hv thrir w:i\ nt liviriij 
no ocxMhion tor t rat If, <>r ativ iiitc*rri»iirM- with tlifir tM';L'hh(»r*, A 
tLs thill cncroaM'd, th«'ir I:iii::(li*'i' wmilcl tiatiirallv I'.ill ifi with 
timt of the iii<»st |Niw«Tt'iill |>ai-t i>t* thf i^hitnl. 

The next authority I Hhall pnMluiv is that of Taiitu^ in Vita 
Ap*ic«)la*, wh«-n', ^|N-akin:: of* tin- t'ahtlonian«, hi* !»a\^ — Hutilsc 
(^alcMloniaui habitantiuin «'oiii:i*. nia::ni anu«. (ttTniarii«-ain 
oripnoni chMtion«tratil, A«'riiio haud multum iii\rr«u«. Ii\ whii-k 
woniH hr plainly intiinatt*^ tliJit i-vcn th«* (*.i]i^iiinian«. w-h«» 
inhahitiHi tin* north part^ ot* iSritain. ciiuntry^^ n'ni«'Vt-«l alMi\tf 
.'i<N) niilf!« fmni that p.irt ot' Itritain kni>wii in (':i-*iar, wrnc* 
it»t4H*ni(*il to U* of (t«Tniaii iiri;:in, A that thfir I in;.'ua;;i- wa<» not 
much <iiff«*n*nt fri)Ui tin* <i«*riiian. It i< trui- that Tantu* Inui- 
M*ir wa.«> n«*vtT in Hritain/ tV that ho i|in'» not writr from hi* 
own pro|HT knitwhtl;!^, hut In'Jii;; Min-ii:-law to .\::rioila, the 
Iliiman (st*n«'ral tli«*n'. \w r^nihl nut hi* niiMnt'orou^i, niiin* f^iN*- 
ciallv iMN'au^* that ani>in;;«l the auxiliary inMi|i* th«*n« wm- 
whoh' Cohort* **i th«' I'tatavi iV. Tun;;ri. ••(* wli>>iii rnnairi *«iiim* 
lioman invTi|»tionH tmin that linif «|iiwn i*\fn to our •l.i^'a. 
TlioM* Itatavi A Tufii'n in* at kn*iu|iM|;;i<ii l.\ Ta-itu* liini<M-ll to 
havf \hh*i\ (fliTnian^. «\ « iin«i-«inrntlv thi-\ iitu*r havr kiMiwn 
tlii;vr nit>tht*r ton^ur, «\ tlh- «niall tJiHi-ri ni't- tlitt wa« U*tui^-n it 
& the lan;;ua;;i* »|Nikt-n li\ tht»«4- 4 'alc«|onian« tint Mc-nt un«Ifr tin" 
name of' Pi(*ti, A inhiluti'*! tlir \n^^ <-«iiintr\ « tV north-oa<»t i-tMnti* 
ot' Sc*«»ttlan«l. Such iiii>\ niu^t «-i-rtainlv ha\i- It«n, U^imiiim- 

• * 

thrv u«^l i-harit»t« in tlit ir war**, a« ihcv diil ni-ar th«* (iraniiiiaii 
mount, ^^ Ikti* thf\r iiit-iii"rai».< iiaidc- with ii i-* wa« 
fought; Kurolv thi-\ i'<inM ii«ii ha\i- Kirn of tin liijiil.ii|i| i^iicili* 
tri'V*, wlii-n- ihr IVi-mi >■ mH h\i^i, for till i»l* lalf lhi*\ hail tvw 
rhariott matU anion;: th* m ; \<( I «'annot hut a;;nv with all 
our hiitoriaiiK that at th.ii hatth*. il other onu^.on^ idlt-nsanla^ 

* N.I ii il ! • «.( t(i 1 1> f- •' ■> I'-tUati wrrr .ti \^vi. a ■ armt , l«l || w 
bot au cltAf i^at n\ (.an iii».ii|t. i.* iM L\ Um.iu lure Al I La! I.lyi. — ILU. 


both the nations of the Scots & Picts jo\Tied against the Roman 

A third authority I shall mention is from Ptolemy, who, in 
his Greography of Britain, places the people Belgse in the south 
parts of England, to witt, in Somersetshire. Hampshire, & 
Wiltshire, & ascribes to them chiefly two citys vSara ^ip^m & 
ou€vra, the first thought to be now called Wells,* & the last 
Venta Belgarum or Wintchester. What these Belgse were shall 
be aften^ards explained. 

A fourth authority is from that antient treatise called Notitia 
Imj)crii,* published by Pancirollus. Tliis treatise, no doubt, was 
written long before the invasion of the last Saxons in the 5th 
century, A' it appears by it that the Littus Saxonicum was par- 
ticularly taken care of by the Romans, under the authority of a 
magistrate, who was called Comes Littoris Saxonici. We have 
there an account of several offices sub dispositione Comitis Lit- 
toris Saxoiici in Britannici, & so are not left to doubt but these 
Littora \vere inhabited by a race of people from Germany, 
whom the Romans esteemed as a very considerable part of the 
inhabitants of Great Britain. 

A fifth authority may bo taken from Nennii Historia Brito- 
num. Cap. 2. In Britannifi priiis habitabant quatuor gentes, 
Scoti, Picti, atque Saxones ot Britones : k so far he must be in 
the right, because the remains of these four nations inhabit 
Britain b this day ; for the Scoti, pro|>crly speaking, are the 
Highlan4ers, whom Bu<*lianan calls the Scoti prisci. Tlie Picti 
are thos* who inhabit the I(»w countrevs of Scottland, k whoso 
pre<le<*eysors in the \Hh oenturv fell under the dominion of the 
Scoti. The Saxons are those, both in En;rland iV Si'ottland, who 
inhabit the old British Littora Saxoniea alxive mentioniHl, k the 
Briton<s are the Welsh, who, no doubt, are among the most 
antieni inhabitants of Great Britiin : vet who have no more title 
to call themselves the Britones Kar f£o\»|i% than the inhabitants 
of the Highlands of Scottland. Sometimes, indeed, there has 

* lUther Bath.— R. O. 

' Probably written about tlic one] of tlic rcipi of Theodo^iua the joanfrcr, 
befon the Romniii* abandoned Britain. 


l>«*i*ii a lilAtiiirtioii iiMtl iM'twifti till* Brit<iiu*'« A Britaiiiu, tlu* 
lirnt iiii-lutlf«i iiii«>Iy tht* untifiit iiili:i)iiuiit» nf Kti^iaml A. Wale*, 
tlioM* who livtii ;;i'iiiTallv in iii:i(t*«>vtihlo iiioiintainn. tV. werr 
tilt* prti^friiv Iff tli4* |M'ii|»li' Iff Annurit-a in Fruntv ; whori'aft 
tli«* l^^t inrluiltni all tlu* )iiNi|ilr nilirrat Hrilain, witiioiit lii^um'- 
ti«»n : but «:«*iii'rallv •^iMsikin^ 1m all iIiom* wunl<^ li.i\f bwii umtI tu 
9i;;nit\«* om* «V tlit* sanit* |h-ii|>Ii-. 

A KJxth auilitiritv 1 tak«» tnnn tiu* Ancinvniu*« I{4i%(*iinx<%, hIio 
lK';:in^ hiH acufiinl (it* Britain in llirM* wunN. In iKVino imxi- 
(Icntali i*>t Insula t|ua' ijiiiim- iSritaniiia, ulii iilim ^fn^ t^ax- 
«)nuui \oni(*ii^ all anti«|na S.ixoni.t ruin |ihiK'i|M* f»i»i n<*ininfl 
Ani*i<« in cu iMlnian* \i<ii-(iir. >**iiu* think thi» author li\ed 
in till* tiin«' ot' tli«* latii-r S.i\nn<», liiit I •«liiiiilil raiirr lM-lit-\c 
that III- li\(*«i in the tinir tit tin* Uninaii^* fur lir han iii«*ii* 
tiom^il Miiin* ol thfvr til\> aii'l •^tation^, A niakesi lm- ut tiitf 
wiiril oitrn li» ^i;:nit\<' a tinit> l«iii;: l'a*«t ; it i<», intinnl, !MMnf 
tiuit*!» UM-«I tu ^i;:nil\(' a tiim- lal<-i\ pa^^t, hut thi* tliM> lUiC 
!Mt*in t«i U* tin* M'lit*!' ot tli«' aiitiiMr, iNrauM* u( the hiM H«inb 
rum |irin«*i|M* huo Aui i« in ra lialMi.iri- lidrtur/ 

A M'\«'iith authi»nl\ iii.i\ U* t.ik«*n t'min llit- i»iot I'lau- 
iliaiiu^. wJiiTi' 111- '•av^. III I\ini-;;. I. liniiorii C'cui^ulat^ \. •U. 

iiri'Mflt-* iiii'.k .1.1 I'll t-if ill. •ji.^'u.itr I iiult- 

III n- It i« r\if|i-nt (Mnuluii riliiil tho««* >a\fin« w1m> inlial** 
itiij till' t >rkii«*\ ». A itnliiil triiiit tiiin- th«- |itM|ik- tiK*rv««f 
«|MMk .1 iffiitliii'k lan;;n.i:;i-.' <lrn\i •! truin tin- uM S.i\«»i i»r Nit-, .1^ il«i lik«*wi««- .ill till' I>.iiH«. .^uiNh-jk, (\ NiinKi;;iaii« t«i 
tlii« i|.i\ : \iM, i-vi'ii till' am II III itiiiih k, «*iiiit tiiti«*« tnllmi iIh* 
l.!ti jii.i l%t:iii<lii a. i« •-iiii'^iili'ri^l li\ titi- |i ariii^i iKicfiir Ilrkt-*, in 
li!« Fhi -«.tiirii« Lm jn.iniiii >« |<tt ii:i i<« .i« tin- |<n«.'i!i^ «»| iIn- 
<tiTniaii l.ili;:iia;;i*. 

li. Tliii« I h.i\i- «lii'Hn ulial till !.itt«'ra >.i\*iriira hiti, u|ii<-|i 

' If !:•« All- li ll.»%rt,|i.i» I % \r.- . Ill- 4- • llif,^ •• •■,» ^A\->ri iCtv li»al 

ri'»* M t:.t-<! 41. flri'Aiii «!'• r 11 • 1; it i* • i ■ i . .«■ I.«ir ; ml Afti r ihr ii«m- *4 
tt<f ar't ' arrivft- i-f til- « .t ■• • m* d (• - hh*'. i.tiij 1. 'in^ri i iit • mi«1 4AlHiiia 
• ■ • • »•• • f ' • •' I -.It. ■ lilt- — li li 

1 •III* . I. M r «•-••! Ill 'lir NofVlt-glAlk^ f|\Ja Vliuft '^K7 

i~ . . ..4%t, u«i«r -.Mi^ irt.t . — i* If. 


leads me to the second head I mentioned, namely to shew more 
particularly what was the language of those who inhabited 
these coasts. 

I tliink from what lias been ob8or\*ed before that we can be 
under no difficulty to believe that they all spoke the Saxon lan- 
guage, Suevian, Teutonick, or German, though perhaps in 
different dialects, as they do in several countrys of Grermany 
itself at this day. 

That the Caledonians, or greatest part of them, spoke a 
language not much different from the German has already been 
proven from Tacitus, & the same author, speaking of the Suevi 
& Aestyi who inhabited the German coasts over against the 
Littora Saxonica, says — Sis ritus habitusque Suevorum lingua 
BritannicaB proprior, therefore it cannot be doubted but that 
those who came directly from Germany, Saxony, Belgium, or 
Gallia Belgica, spoke their own language, <^: consequently tliat 
in the times of the Romans the Saxon, Suevian, or German 
language was M]K)ken by the generality of the people of Great 
BriUiin. 'Tis ))ossible, likewise, that as from the Suevi the 
Britons had much of their language, so they may lay claim to 
the honor given to those ]>cople among the Gennans which is 
observed by Ca»sar 1. 3, de Bell" Gall". Quibus ne Dii quidem 
pares esse possunt immortales. 

III. The third I mentioned was to describe what the 
antient Celta' were, ii how far some of them were understood 
to be the Galli, i^ how those &alli were understood to be 
distinguished among tliemselves. 

All the ancient historians iV ;;eographors, particularly Hero- 
dotus, Dio<lorus Siculus, Strabo, Fouiponiu> Mela, 6i others 
more modfrn seem to favor the opinion of Cluverius as to the 
extent of the (Vltick nations; but of all others 1 think tho 
ancient Gauls seem to be the |KK>ple who went most under 
that name. Strabo distingui^he8 tho Galli into three nations, 
the Celtick, the Aquitani, ^ Uelga.', iV says tliat iu their 
language they differed very little 'oAA' ivU^ /aia^p irofMiXAoV- 
Tovrat: rci/c yXutTTat^y but whether or not all those three nations, 
as Cluverius ;isserts, s{>oke the German language I aw much in 
doubt ; however, as to the Belg» 1 make no question but they 


had a latipi.i;;o amoiipit thrm zs murh (f«*nnan a« they 
rally have in tliin da v. TIiom* were prohalilv the Galli who, 
ill the tiiiio nt Julius (*:i*sar, ]\:ul |Ml^!^•lk^i«|fl of the coa»t of 
Hritnin, uliirli wi*nt uiuiiT tlir nnnif of Littora Saxonira. 

As t<» the ( Vltic (tauln k thf»«4' of A<|uitain, I rather ineline 
t«> think that« nntwitliMandiii;^' Sirah<i\ anthnrity, they R{ioke a 
«lit!'rrt*iit lan::u:ip- t'ri>iii the Hi-I:;:r, A that <M»mr (if thcwe took 
|MisM*vMon of IrrJaiiil, Wah'H, A the llii^hlaiifU of ScoUlaod, but 
if other^^i.M* they ft|Hike the Crermaii lanpia^e, an (luverina 
would ha%'e tliiMii« then it %%ouiii fo||i»w with more utren^b of 
ar;;uuieni that thf aiieieiit uiiivtr^al lnn;;u:i;:e of BritJun waa the 
GiTiiiaii ; htiwt>V4T, I d«i not intend to carry the point mi high, 
hut will riMtiily aeknowh>«l;;e that a diHrrent lanpiaf!e, vix., that 
of Ireland, (*f»rnwa!, \V:d«*«». A th«* IIi;;liLnfi^ of ScotUmnd, took 
|»la(v antiently in I Britain, thou^rh I lM*lif\(* it extended itaelf 
very litth* Lirther at that tune than i( «!i'i<« at t!ii« day. i. oonar- 
(|uently had no pretence to U* c^allnl th«' I.iii;:ua Hritannicm. 

In the mean time it may In* nr«*«*^^Mry to i^hew, in a few 
inMaiie«>%, tli<* affinity that i^a^ hetwt'i-n thf (falliek k German 
lan::ua;:e« under the Homaii empin-, «4i that trout thence we may 
nith iMinie certainty omrlude uhctlu-r or ni>t it hatl any n*laticin 
t<i that whieh i^ f»|Hikrii in <tfriii.tny, nr li\ u« in Britain at tbia 

Fir«t. then. I »hall lM>;;in uith the Wuni Solduri«M, mentionrtl 
by «luliu« t 'a*<«ar, hh. 3. «le Uell (rail . Alia ex |iarte o|i|»idi 
Adeantiianu^ i um |h devoti« i|Uo« illi %i»lduri(M a|»|«*llant, 4c» 
Sildurii'" no d^iuht rouh-^ from the pre^'Ut G(*ruian word nokla* 
t«'n, uhieh *i;:nif\e«i •MiuMier^. A |i«»*%il»ly t '.VNir wrote aoMarioA, 
uhi«*li Hiiuld have lirt*u;:ht it iie.inT the Hnfii Mihlaten. Wo 
ktep tli« y\* rd Minltlieni in nur ili ilec't, A tip' Frtnt*h %»y M>klat, 
hut it i« e\i<leiit ( *:eH:ir ctiulf! Hut well Litini/e the itrnnan wucil 
otlierwiM* than he did. 

Another WfirtI of (»ri;:in. umiI Ii\ the Germanic Oalli, 
wa« that **t Ainh.K ti, whteh i« likc'MiM* menlinned by (.«*«ar. lihc 
t» de H. Gallu*«> — l*t «|uiiii|ue am|ili%fiimu« e«t. piuritntA circwnaa 
amha(-t<i«, < licnti'«|Ue haliet. AiuImc, or Ainbacht, in the Gcr* 
man or Ioh I hitch, •i;;nil\e« a trH«le, or tH^ciifiation, tranaferfvd 

- Vi<W llrtt«ffii Onina. Oall in w^tho auldaL^B. O. 


afterwards to signifye tlie employment of a servant more parti- 
cularly faithful! & entrusted in his master's affaires," & from 
t hence, probably, comes the French word Ambassadeur, & Am- 
bassade, with those British words of the same signification, 
Ambassador <fc Embassy. The word Ambachts-heer, in low 
Dutch, sipnifyes the Lord of a Manner. 

Braclia) is likewise a Gallo-German word, & in former times 
there was a part of Gallia called braccata, & another togata. 
The inhabitants of the one wore breeches, and the inhabitants of 
the other gowns, who were likewise called the Galli Cisalpini, & 
bv Livv the Semi-Germani. The word Brachae comes, as Clu- 
verius very probably derives it, from the German word Breek, 
or Bruvck. 

Quintih'an, lib. 1, cap. 9, takes notice that Rhe<Ia is a Gallic 
word to sifjnifve a chaise or wheel machine for tnivellin;? in. It 
was certainly derived from the German word rijden, equitare, 
or vehi, to ride or be carry ed on a journey, or it is formed from 
the German word reyse, a journey, i reysen, to travel, but I 
think rather from rijden. 

The word Carrus is likewise of German origin, & fre<iuently 
use<l bv Ca»s:ir i'or a cart, or wheel carria^re of eommtm use. It 
was intrmluced into the Latin language by the Galli Cisalpini, k 
the word Ciirruca, as a great many other German words. The 
old German word wus karre, A: with a small variation of a dia- 
lect we call it cart, and sometimes carr, to this day. 

Marg:i is a wonl used by Pliny, Hist. Nat., 1. 17, c. H>, to 
signifye marie, or, :is the Germans call it, margel. His wonls 
arc — Alia est ratio (|uam Britaimia et Gallia invenere alendi 
tcrram, t|U(Kl L'enus vocant margam. Marga comes likewise 
IVoin another German word, marg, medulla, which signifycs 
marrow, for what marrow is to the bones, they thought marlo 
was to the earth. 

Becco. among the Gauls, signifyed the neb of a fowl, A*, 
therefore, we have these words in Suetonius in vit. Vit4»I. cap. 
1^. Antonio primo, Tolosa*, nato, cognomen in pueriti& boeco 

" Aa till* word in the ancient Unjriiatre •iimifjes a faithfun terrant. the 
prcMMit si^Miihcation nf a trade in the low Dutch most hare been taken from 
that, and not e coctrario. — K. O. Vide GrrvjMi Beeani 0rifimes. 

348 MiSCTLLASROtrs r<U(KKl$royDKNCK. 

fuornt, iii \.ili't (lallinat-ci roAtriim. Tlio (j<TinanK had much 
t)i<* saiiit* Wfinl, |io<*k(*n, t«» |HH'k or pick. I)«TfM> rrtainn Mill the 
Nktnv M>n(*<* ill tlir Italian : A: in Klamicm \. llollanti thrv »till 
kiN'p lh<* \yttrd Imt, «V in Kn;:lan(l l»oak, & if I ini«tako not thr 
WVNh have iNirmwiil their won! |>i^ fnnn it, which denoCea 

All thi» alitivo-mrntiiini'vi wonU hav«* Uvn noii«'«Hl h\ othfr», 
but 1 »hall acid twi» or thriN* niorr, tho derivation^ of whirb may 
pniluMv \h* thon^ht us well fnufidod as thoM* ni«*ntioneii. 

Siifloniu.H, in vit. •lul. ( a*>. w 24, t:ikf» not in* of a I^-;;ion 

whirh ( a->ar had rained anii<n;:«»t tli«* Trans:d|»ini under the 

name of alauilu, the wnrd^ are, (^uii tidueia :id Ifgiones* c]ua» a 

Iii*|iul>. aet*e|N*rat alia^ pii\ato sumptii addhlit. imam etiam vx 

Tnin«al|>ini« M-rijitam, vcM'al)uli> (]iio«|ue (lallieo, alauda rnim 

a|>|Ndlatatur. i'iren* take^ noti«-e of the same I^'pon, Kpist. M, 

ad. Attir. I. Ifi. Antoniu^ mm lepnne ahiiniarum a«l urlicin 

|ionenit. lie dim not (*all it alauda in the sin;nilar nunilK*r, but 

UsO!« a L:itinized pluraU truni uhieh I eonjtvture that the Honl 

%va^ alK^uiden, a w«inl «>till U'^iil in I'1andi*r<' A H«»lland to Mg- 

nifye all t>ld «'\|MTien«-«-«i men, as if thi* I^t^f^iun had U*en coin- 

jMiM^i iif olii vi'teran s^mldier^ i^lm had Ini-n in th** nnlitarv 

M-r^iiv U'fore. I kn«iu that Salma'>iu«, ( 'asaiibon. A I*iti4«'U» 

derive the hopI tmrn the hinl alauda. i^hiih M;:nifyc« a l.irk, 

bivaUM* |Ni%!«ihly, *ay tlie\, thi* I^-piai wtirc erintod ea|«»,or hri- 

met.<*, in n»*M-mlil.inei' nt tlii« hinl, l*iit I lirlieve that Caiuir would 

not haw- ;;iveii mi Mitt a name tu a (feniian i»r (lallir |jrp«»n, for 

it he Ihid eho*en In rail it fitter the (teriiian name «»f a lark, lie 

inu«t lia\e «-alitii it h-nhe,'* nr a \««inl that in sound lia» no 

relatinn to the name it Imih . Another Hi»r«l. whirh I take to U- 

Inith (tirnian A Knjli*li tn tliis d.i\ , i« uh;it i« m«-iitii>nc<i bT 

Taritii^ d*- M'lrdi. tiiTin — Ni « ijui>ii|Uiiii iii*tabili- in ^iiij^lia 

ni*i t|tiiN| m ('«'iiiii.iiiii 111 rill. in. liilunt. id i-^t lerram niatn-m. 

Tlie tfermati*. Im- «a\«. p in rali\ wiir«hi|>|«tl the earth a* a ;;nii- 

di-»sf, uiiiier iIm n.imt nt lii-rtlm. The nM (lennan murd to 

ai;;nit%e tin- «arth Ma« < rdi , A hc m S-nttlaiiil retain a woni 

stdl ntMn r it y^luu «%«■ i .ill tin- i arth the \erti. The Bel^ic 


V I itiia aUtui .\!aul« t* iAk« n fr>«a ii- r«i|iiut liecaaa* ^r hia Mil 
buuk uf liirf\i|;i||ihioi ilc Alaad« — M (• 


Grauls, no doubt, introduced this word into Britain long before 
the last race of the Saxons of the 5th centur)', when we see, in 
the time of Tacitus, that Hertha was the Latinised name for 
erde, & if we take out the two h.h. in Hertha there will remain 
erta, which was the bringing it as near the German name as it 
could well be. 

A third word which I notice is Spams, from Virgil, lib. 11, 682. 
— Agrestisque manus armat sparus, & the same word is used both 
by Salustius in Bello Catilinario, & by Cicero in Orat. pro 
Milone. It was acknowledged by Festus, & others, as a Gallick 
or German word to signify jacuhim, & the name of it is retained 
to this day, for in the German language it is called sparre, 
or sperre, & by us in English Saxon spear. 

These words, Balteus & Framea have been mentioned by tlic 
classics, the first by Virgil, -dEVi., lib. 12, 941. 

Infelix hamero cam appaniit ingens 


The last by Tacitus de niorib. Grermanor. Both of them are 
acknowledged to be of German or Gallic original. We retain 
the word belt in the same signifirntiou with balteus. The old 
Scots of the Pictish race called it a bend, which is still nearer 
the Saxon word a band. This likewise seems to fortifye my 
opinion very much that the German & Gallick lahguages were 
very near the same, in reguanl there is not one word I know of 
mentioned by any Roman author as a Gallick word which dus 
not evidently remain Grerman to this day. But further to ^bew 
the relation that was between the Latin &, German or the Greek 
& German, I shall, for a specimen, subjoyn some words in all 
these tlin»e languages, which may scr\'e to prove that they are 
derived from one another, so that the onely remaining question 
will be how to determine in point of antiquity amongst tliem. 

The German word art *^ is in Latin ars, & in English art ; 
the German auge is in Latin oculus ; the German word bart is 
in Latin barba, in English tlie beard ; the German vater is in 
Latin pater, in Greek warnpy in English father; the German 
muter, is in Latin mater, in Gnsek ;ii|r^, &, in English 

*" I don*t find Art in the German for Ars, the present word it KiiDit,~R. O. 


iiinthor : the (frrtnun kaiiiin i^ in I«atin r«miriu». in (triN'k 
Kii/iii'ov ; thr lirriiiaii k:i|>iti'l i'^ in l^iUn «M|Hit. in <frcirk 
tfi^oAi/ ; tiiir ifi'rni:in unnl (vnsur in in Lutin i*fn«iiru, in 
Kn;;liNh ctMiMin* ; tin- ( rrntn«*r in in I«a(in (*fiiti*nariu»; 
till' (sonnan cvlli* i^ in I>.itin i-flla ; tlu* <it*rnian cirrtfl in in 
I«atin rirrulus, in (frf«k »:i''kA(iv; the (iiTmun rla«^ i*» in I«atin 
c*U>((i.H ; tht* (icrninii kriMino i^ in I^sitin <*iin>na ; thf (irrnian 
n^^i'l in in I^tin unp-ln^. in tin* iint^k ay^tXut:^ ni Kn;;ii«h 
anp'I. Hut it %inuM tilt a \i»Unnr to «'innnrrat«* uli tin* ui^ni* <«f 
this iMirt, ^, thi'tt'tiirr, I |m^m' thcMn with thi?* «)h-*4'r nation on«*ly, 
tliat Hhati'vcr u<ipl<t ui-rr nii<lvrKt<MMl hv thi* l(«»nian'> to lit? 
GaHirk «ir Grrnian m«ti* hki*uiM> unii«T*tUMMl tn b<* ( *i'lti«'k. A. tko 
rt*aM)n na« UvauM' ihry h:i«i not Mioh a |NTtci't kni»wlMi;;f* nl* 
tht-yr nri^rhUir^ a^n t«) In- ahlr to ju«i^r oftlu^yr lanpia;*i-». TIh-v 
a('(-i»nnt«-tl all hut tiir (rnt-k, I'arhari. f*«|N-<*i:iliy thi* natiiin^ that 
inhuiiitiil till* i*iaintir\!» im tin* north ^i<li* nt tli«* Al|>!ft, iIk* it niav 
a|i|N-:ir nion* than |*rnli;ilili*, .1^ I have tiotiirt* (iIimt^ihI, thit tin* 
C(*liick (lalii s|Mikf' a (hflrri-nt lan;;ua^<- tnun tht- !(< l;;iok A tU' 
UcnnanH ; tin* t\%i* hi'^t n.itiiin^ Ht-n* ct*rtainlv lc*?i«4* known to 
tin* U(Mii:in^, «V on that a«(*iiunl M*vrral of tli«-\r woni«* %»rn- in- 
triMlni*iNi iiitn till- I^itin huii;uajf. It j«i allowiil l>v ail tliat the 
l{onian« ^'ttiMJ tir%t ainoni'^t iIh* (iauU, or nrar tlirni. then— 
tiiri* it i«> priihai'tf that, in titr int'in<-\ of the Kr|iulilii-k. many nf 
tiieM* ifullirk tir tttrniaii ui»nU lH*<*:iint* nci'i'^^arv lor (lic-ni. 

Hut ti> return tn (Ih* lii'^tinction** UH*ii anmn^M the ttauU, 
there wi'iv A^iatiek tialii. a« %»ell a« Kuro|M*:in, wi that in 
■ntirnt tinie« it unulil mn m tin* crnrral wonl Galli wa« in 
o|»)Mi<«itinii til tho >c-\tli;e. uliii HfTi' «ai4l to lia\t' iiiliNhiti^l all iIm* 
norihi-ni iiarti ■•» r.iiri>)H- A A*i.i.'* 

|\. Ihi- fiiurtli hf-.i«l I |it 'jiiiMil 111 tlii« lU'jU'ix ua« |ti •-lieH 
till' ;:reat aiitii|iiity ••! tin- (ti-riii'in lan;:ua::i\ A that it na^ niii* 
\er*all\ reo«in-l h\ tlh- tarr ::rrati *t part ot'tli* < Vlli«-k nati^tn*. 
I ha\e alrea«ly nia«li- :i|i|«Mr tlii«;:iia:.'e «ra« a>Hiut x\fc 
Hr*t af^iii of i*hri«ti init\ . A mImI** the Konian |M»Hrr pr«*vaile«l in 
liritain, hut 111 onliT to |»nii«- that tin* <«anM* wa* tU* 1 in;»ii'*J!«^* «*f 
the Hritanni ioii;: U'ton- that ti'ih-, i niu<»t n-tiTr t^i t 'lu\i*riu* tit* 

** iiallat til tKr i«rrin*n ar.^ru^-'- ■!■ ti-4« • VcT*XT\t ut (|«i aliaa a i» 
hacvaa baUt. biDC Uallii* Vitk kiiiwiuai lu vcrbu WaIa.— U. U. 


Antiqu& GcrmaDifi, & rest its antiquity upon the presumption 
that since it was a settled & established language, about the fore- 
said time, it was likewise such many ages before. The author 
above mentioned makes the Celtae to have been the inhabitants 
of these five countreys — Illyricum, Germania, Gallia, Hispania, 
& Britannia, & endeavors to prove that they all spoke the same 
language, which he makes the Germanick, & that they differed 
amongst themselves onely in dialects, as is the case amongst the 
Teutonick nations at this day. Bodinus, a French author, differs 
so far from Cluverius as that he makes the language of the Cclta? 
to have been the Gallick, but as I apprehend both these authors 
have been carryed a little too farr by a partiality for theyr own 
countrey, & 'tis more probable that there was a material differ- 
ence between the German & Gallo-Celtick language, as we find 
it at present, with such alterations as time, neighborhood, & com- 
merce have introduced. 

Lancruanres mav be said to differ from one another intirclv 
when the general idiom, grammatical construction, or composi- 
tion of the words & phrases arc diftorent, whereas languages 
differ onely in dialect by the alteration of letters, as for instanoey 
T for D, V for F, and the like, :is is the case of a multitude of 
words that are both German k English. There are words aris- 
ing from Nature itself, & are common to many languages, as 
Pappa & Mamma, with words that iniitsite the voices iSc sounds of 
animals; but where the names of near relations arc the same, or 
differ onely in a few letters, wc may conclude that the language:! 
in which tliev are found arc the same, k that where thev are not 
the same, the languages are quite different. The wonls I con- 
descend on are Father, Mother, Son, Daughter, Si>ter, and 
Brother ; in the old Si present high German language they are 
— Vater, Mutter, Sohn, Tochter, Bruder, Scliwestcr, & in the 
Belgick, or low Dutch, whence* we had them, they come much 
nearer, viz., Vader, Moeder, Zoon, Dochter, Brooderi Zustcr, 
but very different are these words in Welch, according to 
LIuyd's Comparative Vocabulary, Tad, Mam, Mab, Merx, 
Brand, Xuaer, from whence we may safely conclude that not 
onely the English k the Grerman are the same, but likewise all 
the nortliem languages of Euro{K), except the Irish or Welch, 

352 ICI8CELLAinE0(*8 

whioli wn call tin* (rall(>-C<»ltirk;^a^o, upokcn in (iifTcrrnt 
dinlivtii hv M)ini> ot tli«' iiiliahitantji of NormaiKlv in Franc**, 
Kisoay in Spain, in the kin^rdnm of In*lan<i, in r«irnwall, k 
Wal«*A in En;:lan<i, A; tlio Iii|;lilanii<i of Sriittland ; A: cNri'ii! the 
^^olavonick, whii'h i** ^|M)k(•n in Poland, UuMiia, k I{un;;nrv, in 
vftrious dialectn. 

Thu« tlu* antiipiity of the (tennan lanpiap*i« Ax^ a|>|iear, k 
tbc noare relation it hn«» liail t<i our^ in Britain at all tiine«. An 
to the n*lati<in whirh nil the Toutonirk lan^ua;;i*ii have to oiiv 
another, I inunt reterr to that pnHJi^y of human indiiAtr)* the 
TbcHauriuA Lin;:u:iruin S-pifntrionaliuin, by Dr. Hiek«*ii atore 

Aft the antient (rennan lan^rua^ took place in niosit |tart.« of 
Euro|M', Ml did theyr reli;;iou* won»hi|> k funeral Cf*n*monyii, for 
nio?*t of all the Euro|ifan inhal»itnnt» worahip|ietl lcK*aII 4lcit\», A: 
en*ct<*«I altars to them ; inM<«t of them hunit the lioilit*!! of th4»«e 
dead who were CKtremeil :dM)ve the vulpir, «V tlM*ir a«lir« wen* 
put into urnii, vime of ;:(»ltl, iittine of »ilver. A: Mime of lira«««*, 
clay, k f;laA*M\ of all whi(*h a ^mmI numU'r may lie kn-u in the 
CaliinetA of the Curi«»u». TIh-^* tunerall riti*^ wen* exactly etm- 
fnrmahle to th<iM* of tin* (tn*4*k« a ltoman«. Tliey tOi>k pla<v all 
over Britain, th«*i I lH*li<*\r n<it in Iri'land, ^ it ap|M-arM from 
Olau^ Mai^nn^ that thrv lif<*ame coiiimtm am<in::<»t the ancient 
I>ani»*, Sw<««le*, A N«»rwr^»i4n!». All tlicM* cu^tomi*^ rontinueil 
till tin* intrmluetioii u\ < 1iri«ttanit\ , k the U*lit*f of 4 n*^um^c- 
tion; for ('hriMtan^ tli<»tii;ht it ah^unl to de^tmv tliom* UmK* Lv 
fire which mi:;ht e%erv nionirnt In* calltMl on at tlie Ija«t Ibv. 

V. 1 am nftw to i^hew, undi-r the fifth hcmd, tlut in all ap-ti 
it w:i<i a common thin;; f«ir the |Miipl«« of t lie !»ame nation t«i have 
ditfcn-tit laii;:ua;:4^, A th;it \\a« tin* wx^* in Kritain when tin* 
liftman^ fin^t in^utli'il it. 

\\\ ditfrrent I in;:ti:i;;«*« I d<i not under«tan*l «ucli a» are al»«t». 
lut«'N difl'ert-nt. for I ilo n*t )«lifl%r that tln^m* an* two iiei;«hlior- 
in;: nations in thr world that ha\e not Imrniwt^d Inini one 
another. To U-^in with :in<-it-iit Italy, no douht but tin* tirt^k 
in tin* Niiithrrn pirt^ tli« ri*<>f. th** I«atin in tin* middle, k i\w 
Oallick on the north iiide tie\t to tlie AI|m, took |ilacc at one 4 
ibe name time. In Uallia tlie iitvrk ai llaracika (vbcfiD llicra 


was a Graecian colony) the Celtick, Armorick, & Gallo-Belgick 
were in use. In Germany there might be different dialects, but 
the language was probably the same, & which was owing, no 
doubt, to the rea**ons which Tacitus gives de Mor. Gerin. — 
Eorum opinionibus accedo qui Germaniae populos nullis aliarum 
gentium connubiis mfectos, propriam, et sinceram et tantum sui 
similem <rentem extitisse arbitrantur. 

In Britain wc have no reason to doubt but that at the same 
time, besides the Latin which the Romans introduced, two dif- 
ferent languages were spoken, tliat is to say, the Gallo-Celtick in 
Wales, Cornwall, tV: the Highlands of Scottland, & the Saxon, 
Suevian, or Belgick, by the rest of the island. 

Bede observes that al>out his time, in the 8th or 9th century, 
God was worshipi>ed by the inhabitants of Britain in five dif- 
ferent languages; his words are — Quinque linguis unam ean- 
dcimjue summa; veritatis scientiam scrutari et eonfitori Britan- 
niam.* And from these Buchanan, in lib. 2, Histor., endeavors 
to prove that the language of the Picti v\: Britanni wore different, 
tlie words following in Bcde, where he reckons uj) the five lan- 
guages, being — Anglorum. Scot<»rum, Pictorum, Britonum, et 
Latinorum ; but I think we mav with ;rreater certaintv fall in 
with the opinion he has given in his first book, that some of the 
five languages mentioned by Bede were but different dialects of 
the same tongue, k of this kind I doubt not the language of the 
Angli & Picti, & those of tlu» Bri tones A: Scoti were. 

It is observed, likewise, by Buchanan that tlie inliabitants of 
the Orkneys spoke the s;une old Saxoli or Gotliick language, 
therefore it cannot Ix* doubted but that tht>se who inhabited the 
coasts of the Fretum Pictorum s[)oke the same. A:, eons<'<|uently, 
this was the true A: gi*nuin langu;ige of the Picts — that |)eopIe 
who inhabiti'd the coasts of Scotland op|>ositi> to Denmark i^ the 
northern parts of Germany. 

The authoritv of Amnn'anus Marceliinus, w)io divided the 
|ieople of north Britain into the Picti, Saxoues, Scoti, <Sc Atta- 

' Tbe«c- word« are not exact It «o in Bedv. but to the Mune parpi*iic.— IL Q. 
The wonl« of Bede are : " Thitt inland at {tretient. fullowiu^ the uuiuber of the 
books in which the Pivinc law wa« written, ct>nti4inii fire nutionn, tlie Eutflish, 
Britonis Scota. I'ictn, and LatioN eacli in its own peculiar dialect cultirating 
the sublime study of Dirine truth/'— tf»/r#'« Edition, 1840. |.. 7. 


cotti, I take to bo of no pr«*at oui?wH]uein'<» in n »trmnjr«T ; f«»r lir 
mi^ht aA w<?ll have nainoil other nationA, aA |art of tin* Kri;:nnt«-», 
who w<«re in |)OHiieMion of Amimlali*, the Nuvantr^, I)amnii, A. 
otheni, who aci^onhn;; ti» Ptolrniy were the inhahitatitA of thf 
northern |>arta of th«* inland ; but he chose a part for tin* whole, 
&. naya lhi»y wore very tri»ulJ«»i*«»nir to the Hriti>n^ — vrx.neninl 
Britannoft. Under thi^ p*noral nanii*, no doubt, he coinfire- 
hendt-d all the liritanni who lired on the louth Aide of tiic 
Roman wall built by Anti»ninu!« PiuA, lM*tween tin* rivrr^ Fi>rth 
k Clyde, A on Uie north of tho wall built bv Hadrian or S«*ventft 
between Solwav Frith k tlw rivrr Tvne. Howevrr, errn thi* 
citation from Am. Marccllinu^ fumiAhen an ar;^ment that 
amongst the Ticti, aUiut tin* .'ini A 4tli Of>nturk'A, there li%-rti a 
people on tlio north aidetk of the Iloman wall a that were ralleil 
Saxoiiea; a people different fnun tin* lattrr Saxones who invaded 
England in the 5th c«*ntury. 

VI. I ahall now conAJdor, in the Aixth plat^e, the reaAona that 
induced the Welch writrrn to Ix-lio^'c that their lan^'ua^re waa 
the old Lingua Britannica. Their chief reaAon waa, a« I take it, 
the authority of the Monkish writem in the Bth, 7th, k ^th reiH 
turyA, aA GilfiuA, Nenniu^, AMeriu!«, li«*ila, k otiien. All these 
found in tlieir tinicA a n«*w rai^* of Saxons in |ia«M*«Aion of tlie 
princi|Hd |MirU of En;;laiid, \ that a |ieo|»h' li«'eii in tin* inacrr«- 
aibic mountaiiiA of WaUu, wliom thev t«M»k Ut be the antienl 
Britanni, driven bv thr ^axoni* tr<»iii their n«ti\e (x>untrev. So 
far, indeed, it may be allow i*^! that tli<*Ae people in \Vak*a wrre« 
aa to their antiquity, a Kind of lndi;;rna% but they liad no mora 
title iu lie called tlie Bniaiiiii ilian Buolian:urA Scnti pri^ci, vibu 
inhabited the wild niMiiiii.iinn of th*- Hi;;hlaiuU in S<«ittland. If 
thcM) wnt4*rii had ('«iii«»it|i-r«ii lli<- nulliT iiii|mrti.dl\, «V «iith a 
AmatI %liare of attention, iIh\ iiii;;|it haw tli«Ci»vi*ri'ii that a f«-w 
Hritoii^ takin;: «h« Itt r in \Vali-« r«iuld m-vi-r hu^e intriRliirt^ 
with tlMMu a ni*w laiigtup . A I irr h-MK? h:i%i* t'Xtin;;ui«lM^I thai 
uf their own rotmtrry ; fnr witlnait f|Ui-«tifin, tliou^'h llNI/OI 
Brit'in* hid Irft th«%r own i-«»untrev. ]f or A milli<inii n*niainr«l 
Atill under the oiii«|urriir«» from S.i\fiiiv, %iIk} were more than 
«uffirirnt to pn*M*r%-e tliiir own language fftiin any inno^atM 
but what leogth «»f liuw might bring into it 


We have all the reason in the world to believe that the Nor- 
mans were as powerfuU & as numerous as the latter Saxons in 
the 5th century. We all know the infinite pains they took 
to change the language of England into that of the Norman 
French ; how all the young people in England were bred up in 
that language, & how it was introduced into the law of England, 
where it continued in great vogue till it was lately judged by the 
Legislature as antiquated jargon, fit to be exploded ; yet all these 
endeavors of tlie Conqueror had no manner of effect to change 
the English language. Many Norman or French words were 
indeed received into it, yet it is still evident, by length of time, 
that the people of England differ onely in dialect from the lan- 
guage of their forefathers, or the true ancient Saxon, which at 
present is onely found in the Orkneys. 

Those writers who fancied tliat the ancient British language 
was onely to be found in Wales never reflected on the general 
language of Scottland, for if they had, they might have dis- 
covered that those Scots who inhabited more than three parts of 
the whole oonntrey never could have gott their language from 
the English, with whom they wore allways at warr, & tliereforc 
it must have been the language of the countrcy long before the 
invasion of the last race of Saxons. But a similitude of lan- 
guage in England & Scotland was no doubt the occasion of the 
innovations we find in it I have before shewn that it was the 
language of the Picts, which is the only way to account for its 
having been the antient language of the Scotch kings & their 
Parliament, as far back as any of our records, or any of our 
antient writings can carry us. For without question tlie Picts, 
who sulKJui^d the Scots, were by far the majority of the inhabi- 
tants of Scotland, & who continued their language just as the 
8(»uth Britains did after being subdut'd by the Romans, Saxons, 
Danes, ^ Normans. Neither the imaginary extension of the 
kingdom of Northumberland, nor the marriage of Margarette, 
daughter of EdwanI iBtheling, son of Edmund Ironside, to 
^lalcolm Kenmore, king of Scottland, nor the inroads of Ekiward 
I. of the Norman race bad any manner of concern in the intro- 
duction of the Scotch Saxon language. We most carry it much 
higher or contradict all that antiquity can produce for its origin. 

356 Ml!W*RLLASK<»l*s <t>RUesr<i!fI)K!((TE. 

Tlio %vrv name of tho r.i Htv of SrvittlancI, BIrnliiirjh. i% 
Gf*rman, a-H all oth«*r iiainc^ :irf^ uhtTt* wo tiinl tlir Ufinl Hiir^h, 
or Bur^, H«*r:;, noun, whioli Hurliaii.iii lia^ takm initirr of, A 
innnv nuch likr, a.-* (i all irk \voni«. 

But to n*tuni to tli«* 1:im;:u.ij«* of \V:il«i«, it ap|i«'ar« t'nirn Mr. 
LluyJ*it C'^Miiparafivr Ktym«ilt»i:v tliat ^lUir i»f tlic woni- :in* iMir- 
towmI fn>iii tlio SaN«iii, \%hi('ii (iiuM im ntlitTwav^ ii:i)i|4*u tiuii 
from tho nci;;hlM»rht>iHl of tlio«»i- \%ho •>|Hik«* tlit* S.imhi l4ri;;n:i;.*i*, 
vet we «till find a Autfirii'iirv of wurd** to hhcw tli;it it wa«. a« it 
null iit, a quite difTrrfnt laii;,Mi:i;:«'- 

VII. Till* la^t tliiii;: prtijMiM'vl wan tn «lii*«r liy what in«Mri* 
Torv con^idomhlo nlti*mtii»ii« Itavi* U'^'ti iritroduttil into tin* Uti- 
^a;:c of Un^at Britain. \Vi* m.iy all •^h*^ from a ;n^*at niulti- 
tutle of Saxon u'ritiii;;^ iV Kii;:Ii«»li nioiiuni«*nt« A; uinna.«tic^ 
riH^ordft puliliilH^I hy Pr lii«'kf«. ulnt tin* Kn:;li«ii Saxon %iai« 
aliout tlio ^tli, i*th, Hull, A «nli^*«|nfnt i-rntury^, but wr an* l<-U 
onrlv to cufM at what it wa« in tlir !tx\\ ci*ntur\', when tb«* laal 
race of the S:ixon^ invatUil Kn::latid. I timkr no d<iultt but tlirn 
the Honian^ Irft M*\rril Lit in %%unU anit»n;:M un' fur it i« im- 
|K)««ilile to (*tin(*ri\4> Imu tlif\ (liiild liavr li\<*d 4* Ml %«*ar« m 
Britain without intnMliK'iii:: ^hiii' «it' tlnir utird« initi our Ian* 
:rnaif«* aftrr th«>ni ; tlifn* ran In* im» df»iil>l litit the S.ixim^ torui^ 
a kiiitl of* a n«*M diahi*( ;inititi:;«t ii«. ul ii-ii raiiit* atitTwanU to 
rtveni* ^mie alti*ratitiii«» tmin tin* |)an«<»^ N«*niianK : nior«* Iroiii 
an inen-a«4' <it tr.tdi- A iia% i::aliiiti. A a ^jn-zitrr iiit«-niMirM* with 
our ri«*i;;hlMirt al«>n;; flu* 4«ia«t^ Mt' tt4Tnian\ A tlie h»w t^vuintreva. 
Bui the farther wr ^jn hark iiilo I lit- Kn;;h^h, or rather, |ii-rlui|ai, 
the old Itiw St*«itti»h laiirii.i;^'!-, tin* lr«M* (<orru|*t will tin* fdd atiil 
::rnuin Saxmi, ihr l.injujiri' ••! I'nr t'lrrtatht-r^, ap|«-ar. Wr, in 
Seiittl.ind, ha\t*, n<> d<*iili(. •iiti i- iln- I iiifii i>t tin < riiwn«. lM*in 
fndoa%orin|» to |Mili*ih mir l.n ;jn.i^'t . at )• a«t In iiukr it in«*rt* 
ottifitrtiKibh* ti» til. if of* liiir li* :;i.i«ir'* in Kii.'Iaihl. loit H an%» 
ImhIv will t.ik«> till* frtiiiiilf t.i i..i.| Bi.n.i ||.irr%*» Lif«* *»t >ir 
Will. Walla«i'. or Bi-lii»ii ti.oi'i l>»iu.'la*M'*i»^ Vir* iL ihev will 

' \:!iiii^i tk'.'- :>•• It . .t' « r .- • W'l '• .an tr m lli> t^^Mn — K U 

' liAW.n t.r *'»*% I l> .|: ft* « • ■ \ : .■ m fi. f.«r: .•( An^u*. mmm |li»kn|i 

nf t>wi>ki •! •'•.! t.. I I t'.r r . I. «■ •. I . f \i. r-r-':. . k lb*rn •! Hrtrhin. 11?^ ; 

iIm^I IJ/.' He tfMi*>atoi \ir»>. • .ft.u« nt. n.r tir*t lrMi*'AtKii. hmUc ul •< 

•■Ibuff inlu Afijr Hriliali imi^ut — /Arf..*. |. ,^i 


discover many words that have not been changed for better, & 
some tliat have a great deal more beauty \' energy iu them than 
those we find in our present poetry/ But to dip no further into 
this matter than mcerly the sound & gratification of our ears, it 
is imjjossible for me to discern more beauty in this for dw, in (he 
for diey or in that for dat ; nor in the following words : — father, 
mother, brother, sister, earth, much, & such, for vader, mooder, 
brooder, zuster, erdc^ mickle, &c., but it would be irksome to 
carry the comparison furthei*. Custome, as in matters of dresse, 
gives a beauty to words, yet such as cannot be supported by the 
best reasons. 

Thus I have shewn, as fir as the nature of the thing can 
admit of, th;itthoUi;Ii the hniffua^ze which Mr. Lluvd treats as the 
Lingua Britannica may b<», & no doubt was, one of the autient 
languages of Great Britain, iV: though the language of the inhabit- 
ants of the Highlands of Scottland may have the same claim, yet 
tin's Gallo-Celtic language has no pretence to be called the antient 
]5ritisli lan;^uai:e, for that more than three-fourths of the inhabi- 
tants of this ishind spoke antiently the Saxon or old German 
tongue, the genuin parent of what the people of Great Britain, 
by the same proiK)rtion, speak at this day. However, I pretend 
not to carry even the antiquity of this language much beyond 
the time of Julius (';esar, for if anv body pleases to think that in 
more remote ages the )>eople of Great Britain spoke uniformly 
either the Irish, Welch, or any other sort than the old Saxon, I 
will not orter anything to the contniry. 

John Clerk, 1742. 

( 'XVI. FicoM Dk. Stukklky to Rogkk Galk : A Desciuption 


Gloeestr. Strwt, Apr. 14, 1743. 
Dear Sir, 

I thank you for your last kind letter, my Lord Chancellor 

* Tl»r Minif may l»c hai»l of tlie nurtlicni and »<>ut)ieni dUIrctf nom- u»ed 
in Kii'jlanii. All ilic od«l unuhunl wordn in the fc»rmcr beinjr ob»<>l«te Saxon 
and Danish. l>ut (rcncmlly cxi>rfMiiTC more than tboMc that Ua?e MCCevUcd, or 
arc lost in the Bouthcm. — K. G. 

.ViH UIM'RI.l.ANK'il's ( oKU^>ruNUC2ICB. 

& Hoinc iiioro have rrad it, K well plt^scd. I iihowt*<| him what 
you wn>to conr<*rnin^ my account of hit neighbour KnisiA. He 
wan not content till ho hnd r<*a<i the whole letter. He enquirpil 
wry kindly after vou, ua manv more do. &, aaid it' vou would 
come up to town that you would In* n*in!(tated. 

Mr. Folkn haA had Mimi- ot' the |Mdy|m!u^ nent him frf>m Hol- 
land. We find all trut* which ha« lN*«*n Hai<l ot' them a<» a« we 
have yet tryc«i, but tliiA cold m^aMHi <l«iea not favor our ex|ieri- 
menta, ert|N*cially the mult i]»lirat ion hy rMittinjr- Our I^vyal 
S<K*iety i»ulMii««tj( U|M>n the Poly pu ft, th«*y h:ive lately found tlie 
creature in Haekticy ntar^hcH; I douht n<it of they r U-in^ all 
over England. 

Yesterday I viMt4*«i Sir Hans SUrnn, he read your k*tter like^ 

wine with great pleasure. Hi^ ;*reat Inui«m* at (*hrlM>a it full 

throughout: every rlf>M*t A: chimney with boi»k«, raritya, &c. 

He de^i^na to M*ttle l»(Hl/. p aiin ground renti», with the lifMj«e k 

library, A:c., on the pnhliek, pnA-idtHl they |ay bin e\ecuti>ri 


I am, youn», 

W. SrrKr.LBY* 

CXVII. U.KiKii Gaik '•tmtiik Rcy. Dr. SrrkFLrr."— 
H. F. St. J. 

Scniton, May 2(Hh, 1743. 
Dear I>octi»r, 

I am very glad \onr triennial |M*ri*;Tinatii>n to Lombm liaa 
turnini <»ut «4> inu« h tn \our «ati«f.ieti(m as vuu <'\|»re«M*. A Vim 
don't think vt>u ha%c lt»«t v<iur tinii* iV laUir. 1 lii»|ir it mav imiC 
pn»\c ^>, thongh hitherto \on h.i\c had n«i great Mieeei^M* in your 
pur«Mil«. For ni\ |*;irt I am a^ much pl«*a««nt that I ha\e not 
Uvn dra;;c«*«l out ot in\ Miliiudi- ; A it' t*\er I fkliowot a wdling* 
ne<k««* t«i n-turn a«;ain into the wurld, it «ia« morr ti» oUv ihe 
e«»niiuand« ot' Miinr, %V to ismipU miiIi ihi* di*^iri « of otlier^, than 
tti gratif\ my own inrlinalion«», A that I think i» now etilineljr 
ovrr, iuvin;* In-ard iii»tliitig of it for iMiine month*. 

I am Mirry %««- an* n<it liki* t«i h:i%e \i«ur e«iin|ainT Ih-h* Uiia 
Bumnier, tlM* more UvauM* I cannot wait u|iun ^ou at SCAnrufU; 


for though I have recovered a tolerable state of health again^ 
yet I find I must not venture upon a long journey. Ten miles 
are a great fatigue to me, & every little accident affects me. I 
fell into such a diarrhasa last week for 4 days successively that I 
thought it would have carryed me off, nothing could putt a stop 
to it, till I took some old dryed electuary of my friend Dr. Cock- 
burn, which immediately gave it a check* & sett me right in a 
day's time, but so weak that I can but crawl, & write with 
uncasynesse. The excellency of this arcanum makes me much 
regrett the doctor'^ breach of promise to me. 

I have read over your Abury very carefully, & with great 
pleasure, having mett with the greatest satisfaction, I may 
allmost say demonstration, in it, that a subject of that nature is 
capable of receiving, either as to the architectonical or theological 
part. I little thought that Dr. Tindall would have such a second 
to prove Christianity as old as the creation, though upon a dif- 
ferent bottonie &, i>rinciples, A' am rejoiced to find you give us a 
repeated promise of a third part ; next winter I hope you will 
I)erform it. This evening I expect Dr. Pocock from York. Is 
not the work pro|>osed by Seignor Ugolini a new edition onely 
of Gnvvius & Grouovius's Thesaurus, or a new collection of the 
s;une bulk ? 1 believe the fbnner, having heard something of it 
5 or 6 years ago. 

I have been ver}' busy in ordering my study, & making an 
exact catalogue of the books, a drye, tedious piece of slavery, 
God wott, but I have now finished it alpliabetically, so that I 
can call any of my old leathern coats down verj- readily whenever 
I please, & enjoy his c*»mpany as my fancy directs. You may 
I>erhaps think I have much nn's|K'nt my time, 6i been at all these 
pains to little pur]>ose ; but many a tedious hour has it helpt me 
off with, 6i I flatter myself that many more will slide away with 
great ))leasure, at h'ast with \essv uncasynesse, by their assistance. 
Seneca shall be my voucher that I do not promise myself this 
without reason, when he tells us — si te ad ea studia revocaTeris, 
oinne vita; fastigium effugeris, nee noctem fieri optabis fastigio 
Incis ; nee tibi gravis eris, nee aliis supervacuus. Probatum est. 
I must own tliat the fate of some magnifioent collections that we 
have seen of late might detcrr any one from being at the expence 

Si troiililr o*' n*»^«-itililiiii: a luiinrniu^ arinv of atitli«»r« : tli«*ir 
Ir^ioii^ in(l(*4*<l iiiadr tln'iii t<'l(iii«*i« do m* ; tin' Ii4*<*i*^»ity<» \ iiirtfn*tit 
t:iM!» <>t' tlir Iii'Ifh tti tlifiii MNiri cauM**! tlioir (iiv^i|>atiori ; ininr 
indccMl werr iim^t nt iIm-iii raiMnl to mv haii<l. •oiiif n«»w U»%v« 
addfti bv iiiVM'lt, «V «iraiii:lit> inailo ciiit tif tb<*in, liavt* ri*dui*«Hl 
the will tic* tn a iiiiMlrrati* Imlk, iV it' 1 can coiiimami tlioiii A ii«o 
tlii'iii an Itm^ a« I am mi thi> f^idc (it* tin* ^avi*. Cjiii<i dr tno 
jutli(*fi luTH'n [//or, KpUt., I. ii.. *i, li*l], will ne^t*r trniildi' nw, 
nor till* di<«*»i|iatiMii ottlicni rvi*r diMr«'^<i niy boni*!^.' 

Mr*. ('ri*t*<l, !'«ir a wIm* uoman, liai% maile (»ne ui' tlit* ^ill\c»t 
m-tl* that vwr our of* thr nntaiijr?* |KTt<innf<i. r.iMth'* Iht ht^^e 
of th<- li^iii;:, ^lii- ha** thmuii auay l(N»/. hrn* that «Ih* nii;:ht 
hivf hud uiihiitit tniii)»li\ ::ott iiiti> tin' |)la;:u(* <it' tin* *»|iiritual 
court, «\ iinoI\t*«l Iktm-Ii' in rh.:nc«*r% . in uhich f»lic tnii«t lie 
W(ir«t<'«l ; intti all tlii^ iiii*'chii't *»ln- mviuh to ha\i* lKH*n in\ri;;lcil 
In Fiit<«iiT, Imi-m a |i'rtrct iIiiim- to hitn. «V left in the lurch nt»w 
he ha^ «4-r\(*tl hi^ <mii |»ur|M>H* 

To :h«' rra^Hi'' I 'Sam* iM-turt* a:;ainM niv taking; a jonrncv 
thi^ ^uuinicr a^ t.irr a« Stanturd, I lia\c ^*%tTall nnifi* to add ; 
oin* ot' the f».iiiii* iiaturr a^ tli;it uhich ri*«|uirc«» \onr atti*ndntMv 
at hoiiif, liiiiltliii^ ; h.ixiu;: a trii.iiit* Ii«ium' at AvM*ou;;ii/ aldiut 
3 niilc^ **\\\ that iiMf^t 1m' rit«l:t\iil. A c.mntit In* Ih*;:uii lur \%ant 
ol* Iriik*, llii* !•' in-::lit ^!r. C'mw i« iiiiin* to Kiplin:.*; Mr. 
Ncal uritc^ iiic %««•;•! In* \%ill U* at Ni'^ln a« MN>n [a«] Mr^ 
It«'\i*l\ ran U* Hi'Il inMU;:li to tra\cl ; A %«ci kl\ nnctin*'!* alMHit 
our t)irn|»ikt' iM'tMit-ii n<»rrMU;;hliri«lp* A IVn-chridp*, will tiir- 
ni^h lilt' Midi ^> ni.iiiv d«iiiii-«»ii«- ii»urnt*\« tu ««•- mv frirfiiU, A 
takr <Mr<- <•! tli«- )iii)i! t k. til it I «hall ha%«* riiliii:: c*in>u;;Ii, without 
;:itiii.' t.trr iti t«-tr!i it : A li.i<l I takt-n :i t<>ii;f j«iurrit*\ th:«> mhm- 
iiiti. ! ir.d r.iiitj * •^j.t.n' ! ';.i\. )H«iitini«lit \*\ flii« time. 

.\'> tin* riMil tM I*. r« j-.iitiil run** t«ir M*\iral mi!<-« U|«*ii tin* 
KtiM' II »tri<'t. It i« iM't iii.p' Mr "Ninn' anti<|uit\« nia\ 4*:i*'t up 
in tli^jjiii;;, fi\rr \% hii ii I ^1 .ill h.i\i* .i watrhtiill e%e. tlM*U;;li I 
d«*ti't (Xjatt au\iii:n;; like what :i|<|iean*<l at \our < 'Iiei4i rtmi, 

« I* ». 1 .• I r "..I 


not knowing of any station upon it, for the old Roman road now 
leaves Cattaric on the east, «!c is no more a way, but inclosed in 

the fields. I am, dear Doctor, 

Yours most sincerely, 

R. Gale. 

CXVIII. Roger Gale "to the Rev. Dr. Stukeley." — 

H. F. St. J. 

Scniton, Septr. 28, 1743. 

Dear Doctor, 

I have been n»turned about a week from Lord Chief Baron 
Jolles, with whom I spent 8 days, mnkin<; several excursions 
durincr the time, i)articul:irly to Castle Howard, the magnificent 
palace of Lord Carlile, who received me with the utmost civility, 
& showed me his noble collection of antitpie bustos, statues, 
inscriptions, &c., which l:e has most judicially dis|)ersed A: orna- 
mented his lower rooms with, in u must elegant manner. 
But what I admirinl the mo>i was the mausola^um erected for 
the family u|>oii an cmiiu*nce in the park, on a truly Roman 
se])uk'hral nioilcl, iV' I'Xtx'Uted in a most elegant tast, so that in 
some manner it may allso be called an anti(|ue. The up|)er part, 
to which you mount by a tlouble ascent of ste|)(i, is a rotunda 
church, the h)wer consists of two cin*les. in the walls of which 
are formed 62 ollaria for the reception of ct»ffins, to be cluse<l up 
with a marble as thev are filled. 

My long confinement niade me drea<l the fatigues & hazard 
of this terrible journey, (the utmost extent of it being no lessc 
than 22 miles), but I met with no disa*»ter, A: gott home again 
mue!i better than when I sett t»ut ; iV the mosi agrwable weather 
that was ever known still c<»ntinuincj. 1 have cn<;a;:ed myself 
with a stn»ng party to vi>it Rippon, Studley, A: other places in 
those parts, to-morrow morning iV* make a 'A days' ramble of it. 

I rejoice t4> hear that you have a temptation to come once 
more into these part, iV ho|>e I shall continue well enough to 
attend you to Shap, which I flatt<*r myself will lumish you with 
so mueh confirmation of your thoughts u|ion tlit*se K*r|)entine 
momnntMits as soon after to pro<lue«* m third v<»luuie of your obser- 

Tationn k conjunctures u]wn theito prwtijriouii & prinurral workn. 
You will hnvr tlio |»li*aMir«* uf travolliiirf in your way o\rr th« 
liiU* inlii>i|)ila Mxa [ Virp.^ Aln, v., <i:f7] of Stan<>niore| but now 
one of the finest rtmd^ in En^^land, l>y liflpof a turnpike, irectrd 
this summer ; it wa^ a n<jhli* Unman mat! running through a 
camp, Mai(!en Ca*»tl<s ufMrn the hi;;he*»t part uf the eminence, 
which w;iv I am toKi tlicv have not (ii*!»tr«>ve«l, but nH>»t U*auti- 
fully rt*{iain*d. 

I bad a letter not Ion;: ^f^*"* from my rosin Wm. Gale, aliuui 
thf [)ccli;;ree you ha%'r mh-ii in hi.** f:itlMT*s Uxik, k hi^ ;;ranilfatber 
fi>rmerly M*nt it to mo, or at Itsi^t ^n^at part of it ; I i*anoot «ay 
all, iNTau!^ I do ntii find the Marv Gale in it that marrved m 
Stukely, nor her M^t<*r that marrie<i Tborold of Hougb ; neitber 
do I think it v«*rv exact. 

Tlir late Norrov lit* NVw, Mr. Mare, Iticbmond Ileralil, t 
m\M'lf with them, cMini^ulti**! their Un^k^ at the office, k settled it 
as in die inrloMil t«i Ctm-^in W[illiam] G[ale] exct*|>t tlM> latter 
|iart of it, which ha?i U*eii Mipplyiil by mr sinn*. Hi* will no 
duubt communicate it to vou, A: if vou will make it more com* 
pleat bv addim: the aliove mcnti«in«*tl Marv Gale, k mnx other 
impru\ement<* that (M*i-ur, I jklull U* much obliged Uy you fur it; 
as alltku for the account of mv father^ iIln<*«M* «1 death. 

V4*ur punishmrni of .Mickb* Hnitr' wouM lie tut> memfull for 
him, A: a« fa%-oruble a^ it in will bartlly U* putt in exei^ution u|ioo 
the wretch. I have writt«> to brother Sam to pru|Kiae to the 
Antitjuarian S«ic:ct\ th** publi^bin^ of a lar;;e drau;;ht of Arthur*a 
C>%en, a "thort (b*«< ription <»f %%liat it «%xn while »tandin;;i k m full 
aivonnt of it«» o^'crihniw, uhich %«ill not onely |>n-st*rve iu 
memory, but ^ti^muti/e it^ barb.irou% drnioli^her to all |iii*- 

The «»wrllin|; in m\ le|;'« I.1M ^priii::, though now (|uite vanillic, 
ifi^r* me reaMin (o a\<iid dritikiii;: an\ ««*r«, b-a^t th«*v sbouU 
l*i\c a return to it, A am ii'^w in «4i hi^h spirits tliat I ho|M* to 
lia%e no iNCi^ioti lor an\ pn'%enti%r remeilys, cicrfK a {iriNiciit 
k cautJou« m4na;:enM*ut nf 11 n old c^fn»tituli«m ; m*ithrr do I 
Want the bott Hai«'r« near rppiM;:lum toilra%i metumarUa Staa* 
funl. M\ service to my ^i*iter, A bt her know we are all rrrjr 


[well], except Captn. Charles, who seems to be marching off as 
fast as he can, & I believe will quit his post before Christmasse, 
though he appears not to be any ways apprehensive of it I am, 
dear Doctor, 

Your affectionate brother & humble servant, 

R. Gale. 
Pray don't forget to send me your account of Arthur's Oven 
if you can find one. 

CXIX. Roger Gale " to the Rev. Dr. Stukeley, at his 
HOUSE IN Stanford, Lincolnshire. Free, Wm. Smelt." 
— H. F. St. J. 

Scruton, Jany. 3, 1743-4. 
Dear Doctor, 

Though I should have little to say to you, the season calls 
upon me for my compliment to you, & all the good wishes that 
usually attend it, which you have most sincerely. I can add 
nothing more to the i)edigree, improved as you returned it, but 
as you have taken a copy of it, would have you add under John 
Gail," ob. H)24, of Scruton, or ^lassham, for there he mostly 
lived, though he had an estate at Scruton, & there is a pretty 
large old stone house at Massham, calle<l ^^ Gale house," to this 

I have been considering allready of my intended journey to 
Stintbril this spring, & find I was too hasty in mentioning it I 
have so much busjrnesse cutt out for me at home, that I must 
give over all thoughts of leaving it for so long a journey ; among 
other removes is the building of a tenant's house, about 3 miles 
off, which will require my frequent inspection, a» well as my 
purse. However, I will find a week or ten days time to attend 
you into Cumberland, which I hope will bt* at the end of May or 
beginning of June, & you may leave my sister here, where she 
will l>e extreamly welcome, till our return. You will see about 
3 miles from this place, not the ruins, but, what is more htrange, 
the first rudiments of a Druid serpentine temple. Young Mr. 
Crow has been much studying your Abury, & has begun a plant- 

* Juhn Gale married Jane, eldcut daughter of John Frank, of Ptootcfnict. 

ntitiii of elm iu'va ii]M»ri tlj:it |ilan. Th«*n* uill U* tw<i u-iri<iiti|; 
avi*iiiio!« to tlu* lioiiM*, wiiirb will htaiid in tlir circl** or knot 4<<»iii- 
|iU!M*<l bv xUv turn of tlit* Miaki>*ft Ixhiy : tlif lirwl of iIh* •nak« 
will In' a nnin;; tumulus, plaiidNi with M-v«*r:il row<i ot' tm*fi, one 
aUno uiiotliiT, anion;; which will ^<^• an olM*li*»k ot i»tonc lor tlie 
4*vo ; tho tail will t^Tininatr u|miii Kiplin;: lM-<*k, wlii*n* there in 
a tcmiaiilV IioUm*, which h«' will rail li^-ckhampton. 

I litth* thou<'ht your at^cimnt ot' !{iii<»ia nfiuM ha%«* <lniwn a 
|iil;;rim <»ut of Fimikv t«i h«*r cell, tliou;:h tin- ilt-MTi|»tion \ou ;;ivi* 
oi it i^ .HO \«'rv natural A |»rol»a)ilr. It |»ut.<« me in mind til' 
A|*t*llri«'<« :;ni|»«'H, that lfron;;ht <K>wn tht* hinln to {ni-k at them. 

I think mvM'lt*\(*rv ha|)|>v in not ha\in;: rlian;:tti m\ MaticHi^ 
all thiiii'^ ]>!.ijiil\ n-turnini: intii tln-ir «•!•! f h itin«-l in tin* aihiiini«- 
trulKHi ; «Sl tlu* cnjovnifUt ot' niv (juit'l iuTi-, \\ itiiout an> appn*- 
honf»i(»n ot a r(*m<»%'«*. i» Mime conMiIation tor thi* linu«t>of mv j*reaC 
friciul, now no nion*. I lontinuc* thank (mmI, \ery well A. ct>n» 
tent, wh:rli i.^ all the HuMunary ti'liiity we ran ex|ie«<t. Tlic 
IX*an of Ihirhani ha'« lN-t*n (I\in;; there llitv 2 month*, nut able 
to return tn I^on^hm. My M*iter'^ I reei*t%«-«l thin morning. Sbr 
uliail hear I'mm me mmhi. I am, dear PiN'tor, 

Vour intiot aHivti<»nati' 

It. <fAL». 

CXX. SaMIKI. ti VI K '• !«• JU¥ \U.\ \ I hi. SlIKKLKV. AT StaII« 

>muii. Ijncmi. >hihk."— II. F. Si. J. 

I««ifi<|iin, Jan. 14, 174«V4. 
I)i»jir I^K'tor. 

>.iii • I li:n«-lM«ti «ii fltl.i?iir\ in n^t uritcin;.', I li«ti<* %'t*ii 
Mil! '^wr iiir :i r«':ii|ifi;; in tli«* nii-inhu* :il I' tmllill, nr w |i«*n \ tall 

t.ik' a lri«iirr turn in the IIi**|n riili-*i thin*. ni<t iloiilifin^ Imt 
thit vnu lit\e platit«d tin ni uiih tii«* rl iiii-«*«t truit tn*«-«. 1 
ImiIn* \iiu will f\ru*e in\ int<*rruiilin^ %i»iir riTr««, vour iKitim 
iitteratnin, u*»\y \ thi'ii. Thi<* >rr% iLn.tlKii, I h.i\e ama«ar«l 
t";.*! tilt f ttir a n« w x rar'* l'IM tt» xonr^'lt A •'•trr a trtl'Utr tif 
|mN*r. w i\, A I* nnU, thn-** |innt«, oiir ••!' theni a |»n*^*nt f'niin 
Dr. l>uran*l, with hi« hinuMi- M*r\:r«'; *ti« iIh* |ieili;*rN*| UCrlv 


recovered from a copper-plate here, formerly in the Museum 
Thoresbianum, — the rest are spices for madam's accaterv. They 
will be sent away next Wednesday, & along with a parcel from 
Mrs. Pollington. All the Neleans are well, except Mrs. Reveley, 
who is in a declining state at Islington. I was this week at An- 
caster House ubi omnia venalia etiam domus ipsa, so true is 
Horace's observation, Linquenda domus et tellus, & sometimes 
placcns uxor. [Ode xiv., lib. ii., line 21.] Heaven have mercy 
upon us if dukes sell theire houses, & dutchesses theire para- 
phernalia, what must become of us reptiles, or grasshoppers at 
best ? However, one daily sees how worldly grandeur lessens, & 
becomes even contemptible, in the view of a philosopher, non 
equidem invideo. I am just going up to Mount Hsemus, where 
we enjoy a serene air & a variety of conversation, & where, I 
suppose, I shall scarce ever be so happy as to meet you. In the 
interim I take the liberty to assure you that I am, dear Sir, 

Yours affectionately, 

S. Gale. 

Mv love to mv sister & barnes. 

Mr. Willys is in town, has just marrieil his daughter to Mr. 
Eyre, a clergyman in the west. A: contitnies as hungry & keen 
in the pursuit after tradesmen's halfpence as the Spaniards arc 
after the gold of Potosi. curas hominum, &c. 

CXXI. Rkvii. Dk. Stukkley "to Samuel Gale, Esq., Bed- 

FOKI) How, HOLBORX, LoXDoK." — H. F. St. J. 

Stamford, 5 Jul., 1744. 
Dcarot Sir, 

Mv wife received vours, iV I heart ilv condole with vou 

in the lo>s of our great friend A: relation, your brother.' I own 

I exiM^ctinl it, for the great fidl he had 2 years agoc quite broke 

him. My wife says if he had lived to 27 S4*pt. next, be would 

have lieen <>l». He gare my wife <& I £10 apiece for mourning. 

Mrs. Gale wrote to us to notifv the unwelcome news. Hie dav 

liefore he dye<l, my wife was uiken ill of hih di^tempefi the gout 

* Death of lU>^'er Gale, of Scraton. 

in tb<» stomach k I>owoIa, & liM been diin^roiiAiy to, but !• now 
K) fur rcr<>v<*nHl a« to lie out of (liin;;cr. Mn^ Gale Mja her 
husband dofli^s tii |>ay our £20 a« lUMin aji po<iiiiblo, probttblr 
into your hand^. If ao, I desire (icor^c to buy me another lot- 
tor}* ticket, aft Mion nn ht* can, with part of the money. Pray let 
the rrr^i remain in vour hand^ till mv wife** onier. I wi«h you 
would como ov4*r to aec un liefure summer |>aAaea ; we haye 
coaclies crywl f«»r Ixindon eyerj- day. We have lately du^ up 
several urnn at Stnmfoni — I Mieve Vni lioman, if not older, k 
Britiiih. One, an alabanter one, fonned like a barrel, which, 
bcin;; like Chyndonax, niakefi me think it a DruidV I iiaye 
got them. I Mw Sir l^enj. RawlinA, Mr. Ileveley, it more, in 
their |ia5saj;e. My wife commen<U hf*r love to you. I ain. 

Your affectionate, 

W. Sturklky. 

CXXII. TiiK Rkvd. Dr. *'tu SAMrcL Galr, 
E>g.-_H. F. St. J. 

Stamfoni, i« Aug., 1744. 
I)ean?9it Sir, 

Ilen*with come!» a hauncli of veni«(in t'rom the Duke of 
Anca«t«*r\ mn^t noMe juirk of Uriinf»tlMr|io. 1 l«e;; your acre|»t- 
unoe of it, A. tli-it you will In* iki kind a^ to iiivit«* my giMMl friend 
Mr. Jarkiton, of your ru«*tom Houm*, tti |artake. 

I«a>t Munday I had p'eat pleasure in seeing t 'rowland Abby, 
k iKiin at itJi moat di'^olule cundilion. The liurd Abbot of the 
plac^ did nie the honor to dine with me, Awe had a bottle of in* 
cotnparabh* fine .ile, k u^ \:tnit\ hri>ad a« evrr I rat in my life. 

Dr. Kiii;^hf, \ hi^ Mi«iii% Mr. r«Ni|i«>r. culhtl fin nn* in tlirir 
nuit to S'arlHiniu;:h. Tlie iKwtur told nn* it is one Parkvus** 
wh«» i« Hfitin;; iipiiri<it I^ady koi9Ia. A» 1 wnite only t4> picaae, 
k to amuM* mv M-lf an well a* otlH*r», k did nut iMiitow morv 
|iainA than an* |iro|aer in «ueh ni.itfer«, I nhall not discompose 
mv self to answer ^ueh a sorry triflrr, wIni has nothing else to 
ive than to o>ntnidi(*t thtn^r* of no ini|M)rtance to mankind. 

Mv wife rrmembem her love. Master (*rved k his 


are just gone home. They came to see two ^and balls we bave 
hail, with pantomime entertainments, which have drawn abun- 
dance of company here. I long for you before the winter comes 
on. I am, heartily yours, 

W. Stdkelet. 
My most humble respects to Mrs. Jackson. 

CXXIII. The Rev. Dk. Stukelet "to Sahdel Gale, Esg., 
Bedford Row, Holbobn, London." — H. F. St. J. 

Stamford, 15 Oct, 1744. 
Dearest Sir, 

I received roum, & return my heartiest thanks for your 
liite kind visit. It would have hecu somewhat more entertain- 
ing to us both if you had but recovered your faculty of riding, 'tis 
the great pleasure that induces me to love the country', & prefer 
it to the glorys of London ; & I have had a good deal of it since 
you left us. I have been again at Bugden, to wait on the 
Bishop. I had 3 letters from bis Grace of Montagu, & waitml 
oil him the 2d day after his arrival at Bonghton. 1 staid 3 
wt-ckit with him in the whole. One Sunday I preached before 
him; the othor.« lie |>eriiiittec) me to come home un promise 
to return on Mimday. His Grace's incomparable ^lod nature, 
& the gn'iit civililys ii respect he showed me, rendered my abode 
there mighty pleasing. In short, lie made me almoul the 
guvurnor of the place. Lunl Canligan was there too, who like- 
wisi- is c.Mromcly good natured. We rode out every day, & 
geiK'rully iwicc a day, in the fine ridings, forests, wuuds, vistos, 
iV {ilaiilations, which exceedingly out-do (."haiitiily, as the best 
judges declare. We couid ridi' 13 miles endwise in the Duke's, 
ii Ijord Cardigan's continued to them ; A: I duubt not but they 
will center :it one great huu»e at last, the Bnidenell's. 

I made the Duke a design" of a Gothic bridg with three 
arclirK, u temple in the middle ; 'tis to be built at the end of his 
gn-nt canal GO tiiut wide, in tlie |>ark, & will be scvd all the 
country round. The Duke is much pleased with it. 

" A (kctcli u[ this ileiiKn i* preD JD one of Dr. Stokvley'i Tolsma of 
(Inwingi in the pouewion of the Ber. H. K. Ht. 4oba. 

36m MlHCRLLANKiirs ( oiCKE.>lt»M»i:NCC 

Sinoi' then I liavo Im^ii at Mr. Wvchf V, at Godobv, wbcre 
poor Vevk lyi»^ iiitortHl. Mr. Wvcho is a %*ory iiigeiiiou* |n^n tie- 
man, A: GfKlohy a |>l<M^nt |«*. 

La«»t Satiinlav I vi«»it«'(l Mr. Hurrol, ^ voiir frirntl Riiiman, 
whom 1 fcmnd inc4>in|i;iiiA4*(l with h.ilf a (Kizrii fuhln of l>anda;;ei» 
about hi*» head, uridtT whic*h arc manv «m|>laAti*m, rt*roclotheK, 
liiiiimMit?*, «Vo.« (V(*. H<* iiMnl t4i t't>t*«l tb<* «h*«'r, who hail hi^ hom^ 
Mwii off for hi«» wirkolnt'^*! Iiot'on*. NrviTthrlfM, ht* attacked 
HcMimaii, cut 4i hoK*^ in tlic nkin of hi^ ht*aii, which were »tilcbt 
ui) aijain, ''^w him manv more rntt^tt hriii<ie!« all o\er bi« buJv, 
•o that hr almost killttl him. He i'« n«*w much memirtl. 

Next wffk I *^*t u» (ffr.intham, to pnMch an inauguration 
nermori for my hmthrr, whf> ct>mm«'iM*i*^ :i Merman of the place. 
Tlien I ilr*i;;n U» rnter u|M»n wiiitrr quartiT^, A; travel chii'fly the 
purlewA ot' my ^anlf*n. The I hike M*nt me home a delieatr 
marble >tatne ot* Flora, x* uliiti* a« milk, lar;^* a^ lifi>, well cutt, 
which 1% a |;reat ornament to my ;:anlon. 

Tljouph \ou ejn'l i*pi tht'M' Matut*^ at the Wf%t enil of (.'roy- 
land Ahhv, vet I intenil to M*ntl vmu a dr.iwin:: of them. I iirr- 
M'littxii tlrawin;^ of th«* eha[M*l at l^*thlttn liridi; many yearn a;;o 
to the Lite 4{U4^-n, whi'u prim-env Your *iMer |iniM'nt% \wr love 
to y<Mi, «V I am. 

Your atf4vtionat4* humble M*r%*ant, 

\V. Sn-Kctrr. 

I «»hall Im* ;;la<l t<* h(Mr from v«iu at v«mr lei«un*. 

CXXIV. Tii«)ii.\> K%trk" •*t«> Tiir Hcvu. Dr. StrKFLKT, at 

STAiiM»hi»." — H. F. St. J. 

Novr. Mi, 1744. 
Ilevnul. Sir, 

I lia%«' M*fn till' inixirl ol the brii|;;e at |l«iu;!ht«>n, 4 

Jti think that if it Ha« 4*\(*i utol in that %it\ luannrr it wuM U* 

a |inMii;:u*, {Hej i iirii««. A fine thin;:; but aa t«> my \mn ilo fe«r 

tlir muciuHiia oi' the %%orke will |irf%-ent it. 

" Tt*"nia# Ariil J.i* | h f.myrr mrtr in pftr1rtcrilii|. «^ U ll-foyiMli-r* m 1717. 
Itail»«|wiii:,v Th«-mM r«lAMi«licU hiBiartf in Krtunnc. mmI Jvmrph •! N. Nfvto 
and LciCkvUf. 


As there is three arches pressing against each pillar, buttris, 
or leg, do think tlie f'orse i weight of them will make them fly 
out, unless preventetl by some art used in the arches. I have 
been looking out, k have got a scheme that will, I believe, pre- 
vent it, & reduce the arches nearly to a i)erpendicular bareing. 
But it's verv likelv vou or his Grace, the Duke of Montaoru, 
have had some such thoughts or designs. I am, Sir, 

Your most humb. ser^'ant, 

Tho. Eayre. 

CXXV. Ebene/.ku Smalwell " to the Revd. W. Stukeley, 
D.D., IN Stamford, Linxolnshire.'' — H. F. St. J. 

Lynn Regis, 10th JIarch, 1744-5. 
Worthy Sir, 

After mv comcinsr to Lyn from Stamfonl I have been 
into Norfolk among some friends, where I made it my business 
to enquire what 1 pronnsed, Ac, viz., about the Prel>endaries, 
but how manv I know not ; but one is in the ijift of the Master- 
ship of Caterhine Hall, Cambridge, & some is in the gift of the 
Dean <V Chaj)ter, iV it's believed some is in the gift of His 
JIajesty, &c. However, Dr. Thos. Little, late of L\Tin, died in 
1731. was Prebendary of Norwich, k Chaplain to Lord Kee|>er 
Wright, who got ihr Doctor to he Prelicnd at Nonvich, &c. 

I also enquired aft<r the character of Perkins, that im|>ostor 
&. usurper, iV: am infonnrd he is often at daggers drawn against 
most of the learned part of mankind, though a man of no pub- 
lick or private caparity hinisflf, or merit. Yet when any thing 
is juiblished, or comrs out from any learned author of a good 
character of the C[lmrc]h of E[nglan]d, he then gives himself 

such lilnTties to cri!iri>e upon it, by the assistanc*e of T on 

the priest, and the popi'^h authors, they converse withal, for they 
mu>t both of them defend their niast«*r*8 cause on all occasions, 
for I understand the old Knight is verv bountiful to all creatures 
of this kind ; but I dare s:iy he will have no other iHlition, for he 
has lioen set on already for the last, and is now pretty well 
silenced, &c 


370 MtSi-KLLANROrs <x>RRF.*ipo!fncyrc 

Sir, it*« ini|M>ssililo I hhoukl be in»enMhlr of th<* infinite 
obligations I am inJrliti*tl to y«iu fur vour gocxlnoM to mc when 
at vour houM* at Stainlnnl, Ac. • • • • • 

Bt'Iiovi* inr, Sir, wiili ^n»at n'pird, to l»f , 

Vour ^lo^t olM*dient humble icrvAnt, 

Ebcnezrk Smalwelu 

CXXVI. Thf. Hkvp. Dr. STrKrxEV "?<> Samuel Gau^ 
Esg."— H. F. St. .1. 

Stanifonl, 20 Mar., 1744..S. 
l)can»st Sir, 

At la^^t, •^priii:: i** <H»in«» aftrr 4 month* A a half of (li«ma! 
weathiT. Wr art* unw « ntt it.iiiiiii, ;!•* \nu arc at li.iiii«t« aii, 
with priinn»M** A •'iniMii;: of binU. Your friend Mr. Burril i* ;;oi 
|M*rfii'tly wril of till- :il>uttiii;:H of thr burk, but hi^ nrpln'W, nbo 
ha<» lnvti t«) %i«it u«. ba<« tVti|Ucnt n*turn?* of hi;* tit.*i, mi that Itnl* 
man «»tan<U a fair ohanco to have an opulent fortune in the fag 
end of life, whirh i«» M.*an*r tlirn worth within;: for. 

Mr. HnH»k«», of Il.iin^trail, i<« buying a Iioum* in Stanifonl ; to 
whfu vtiu (*omr. whi«*h I hf»|N* will U* a^in mxt »ummfr, you 
will ha\e a rlub of llaiii^ti'ilian*. I «hall |»n>\i«b* you an <*aMt*r 
hoFM* to ri<l«- <»ti. I wciit to Uval t»n \uur horM*, d tlij noC 
likr him. 

It ;;ivr» m«* un«*a«inr<«^ to mn* the miiM*nibl<* |ioliti<'kjk we run 
into. I f(*ar thr Fn n« li ^ill enrr)' tlH-ir |»oint this year. I fthall 
MMin ;;o to t*ro\\lati«l t*> finish the ilrav^in^ I il«-ikij;n f«ir you uf 
tin* He«t rn<l. I*r i\ t.ikc iii>ti-% of what v\vr fKX'ur« to \ou Id 
\intltt-atioii lit L.i<l\ l»<*!*ia, ^liit'h I •h'«i;;n thi^ summer. I 
<'X|i-t t !<• Ill iki \< M .1 V">'' iti I^iUflfii fi>r a mttk or t%i«i in 
Im«':iiii-iij <it ^niiitiKT. ^ oiir «i«»t«T i« \4 rv hiI). ^ bu*\ in tlir 
^anl< II tilt* %%litili* 'lax. 

1 )ia%«- .1 ;:riMt t orri*|M)fi<U*n<v Mill with thr Duke of 
M*i*irit;i;^i. M.iii\ lftt«r« I li.i\e hail trom him thi« Mint«*r* 
11m* km;: ;:••«*• abrn.Ml. «V Ih* pnibably will be a;;ain in the 
n*f*«-nry, ««> I h.i%(* ^**iur Imijic let) Mill. I am. 

Your nio^t artt-rtifHiate, 

Wm. Sri'KBunr. 


CXXVII. Jabies Brudenell to the Rev. Dr. Stukelet. — 

H. F. St. J. 

[Boughton], July 18, 1745. 
Dear Sir, 

I have tlie favor of yours, & am glad you had an oppor- 
tunity of tasting the Duke of Montagu's flummery, but coneeave 
you had not the pleasure of good Lord Cardigan's company, he 
bein<r ffone to Tunbridire Wells. I am obliged to vou for vour 
intimation about my renewing with the Hospitall, & shall be 
sure to write to Langton Denshire, & Mr. Cooke, about itt I 
never had an answer from my Lord of Lincoln, but hope, sooner 
or later, our sollicitations will be crowned with success, which 
will be the crreatest satisfaction to 

Your obliged humble servant, 

Ja. Brudenell. 

CXXVIII. The Revd. Dr. Stukeley **to Samuel Gale, 
Esq., Bedford Row. Free, W. Noel.'' — H. F. St. J. 

Stamford, 18 Aug., 1745. 
Dearest Sir, 

I received yours, but am of opinion that figure of St. 

Denis is really Thomas a Beeket, for 1 apprehend St Denis had 

his head cut off. Seeing you arc so kind as to compliment me 

with Lord TurketyPs head, I have sent you a correct drawing of 

of it in the magnitude 1 would have it, which give to Mr. Vertue 

1^ take the other again. 1 have inclosed a letter, which I desire 

you would give to George to wait on the Spi^aker witlial, 

who will ^'i\v him my niannseript <»f old Burghlry's which I 

lent him. Pray send it to iiw by the carrier, tycd up in a bit of 

cap-paj)er. Your sister is well, & I am, 

Your much obliged humble servant, 

W. Stukeley. 

The S|)eaker comes to town on Tuesday. 

[On the half sheet of this letter is the following :] 


At mv return from the countrv 1 found the encloned ; if 

• • ' 

you have not proceedtnl t<M) (arr up<m the first dcj'igne, I hope 
vou mav alter it as the Doctor desires. Sir, vours, 

Augst. 27, 1745. 8. Galb. 

37? MiwFM.ANF.«)rs (fUtRRsroKPByrr.. 

CXXIX. Thk Hrvn. \U\. Sti-kklkt *'to Samitl CtALr, K*g.,'<ii{i» Itow, Iliii.itoKv, Ij<»xdos/' — H. F. St. •!. 

Stainfoni. U» S«'|it., 174 A. 
IVar Sir, 

I havo l»o«'n a l«»ii;» jiMiriiry thn»Uf»h Tlionun*, wh#»r^ I 
naw till* |>i<*turi*H at tin- I>uk«» i»r Hftltnni*^ 1ioiiim». Tlirv an* 
many A «'iiri«»iiv Wi-^lM-i'li, wv ^vASf^si Ky ll«*au|»n' lWr«» tiiiitw. 
I hi^IhhI tor tin* loH« of a lif)|M-riil yoiin^ frihiw. I><»wniiani: Ox- 
tii»n>ti^h, \vlit*rr I vit'Ufil my aiita«:'imi!it j Parkin^'^ lo;;;;orli^a<lft, 
wliii'li lit* trrat*' iif |i. 74 i>t lii<« IIIn*!, with wliicli I »liall divtrt 
tlir piililirk Hramlmi ; Mililfiiliall ; S4>ham, wIuti* I vir\%i"(l the 
tiitiihH of mv ''r.ithliiiiithiT*^ atiri»Htrv, th«* I)(»wman<t of that 
|>l:i(*i*. Kly;<f runty f^n ; \ Hliinti«»ham, whffr wr dined with 
Hr. Kni;;ht, uhti i^ in a v<*ry ih'f liin'n^ ^tato ol h<*ahh. 

On my return i fiMin<l a h'ftfr from thi* S|MMk«-r. !!•* t«*ll« 
m«* it thf |N*rMiri uh<i wvut \*t my MS. ralU a;jain lifftin* lie 
Kmvi*** thr town hi* •^hal! haxi' it, i»lhi'rwi^» hf will *en«l it to inr 
hrttthrr (falt>*«. I ili'^irc (i«tir;;i- wonM rail then* now ji tluMi, 
whriirviT tht» S|M«aki*r i-* in tnwii ; h«' will ;ri\i» it him, A |>niy 
M*fiil it to nil* a« •MHin a^ \-nii r in. tor I want it alMiiit I«ad%' 


K(M*'lA. 1 riM*« i\i*«l till* la\«)r **\ voiir la«»t nUiiit tin* ^*mt-ifix. 


M\ wifi* i-* wi'll. A with \\ . ti.ili* mmiiI thrir Iw^t n-^iMi't*. I c^ili* 
crratnlati' \iiu on tin* inm .im* nf tht* S-riittin fumiU'. I liear vuti 
h.i\r Imvii iti N«'rthaiiiton^iiiri-. Mr. I{f'\flrv t^ld ii» mi. I 
ri'oktm Ih' inii*t flv iVum thr ri-U'U M»uthwani : tliev trp ^J^^WK 

1 am, viiur afhN-tionati* hiiinhh* Aen'ant, 


W. Sti'kelkt. 

I am •tiNirL'**'* drhtur f'»r tVirlriit; m\ jilali** tri»m Mr*. Salt- 
margin '». 

<*XXX. TiiK Hr.M". I>i:. Sm Kr.i.KV ti» S^mri (lAir., Em). 

Stanturd. 14 (Vt., 174.V 

l>i art't >ir, 

I li«'r«'witli M-inl \iiii :i ilrH«in;;ot tin* marMr \oii ^ve 
mr. My di*«iri' i» \iin %%i 111111 ;:i*i it in;;n\i'<il. I ji^if? T»in« cif 
llattofi tfantrn a ;;*MMi hand lor tlie |iiir|ifiMe. 1 clm;^ h ftir 


my answer to Parkins. The answer is ready, but I have no 
thoughts of printing till the hurry of rebellion & war is over. 
People have no leisure for curiosity now. I was at Royston 
again last week, & but 2 days before at Lincoln, so I made a fine 
journey of it. 

If any friend of yours will, without sollicitation, honor my 
plate with his name, you have authority to do it. If otherwise, 
Mr. Giffard, who lives in the first house on the left hand in 
Canon row, Westminster, will bo very willing to do it, & pay the 
expence. George has been there, & can transact that matter. 

I was highly pleased you have intentions of getting into your 
own house. You never know the true pleasure of life till then. 
I always thought every hour sjxjnt at ray own homo worth any 
6 elsewhere. We have troops of soldiers for ever passing by 
here. My wife has had a most terrible cold, but is got well. I 
have set up Lord TurketyPs head in a niche in my garden, k a 
magnificent inscription under him. Adieu. Yours, 

W. Stukeley. 

CXXXI. TiiE Revd. G. Buuton to the Uevd. Dk. Stuke- 
ley. — H. F. St. J. 

Elden, March lOth, 1745-6. 
Dear Doctor, 

• * * * I have procunKl the 

following imp<'rfect account> for you relating to the Poor Petllar 
of Swafli'ham,* & the Great Seri>ent, I mentiont^il to you at 
Fraiishnm. I would not delay sending you them as mm>u as I 
coulii. though I shall not C(»ntent mysi»lf with tln'S4», if lietter are 
to be had, which 1 am in great hoi)es of. The account of the 
|»e(ll:ir, I am informe<l, is in print. My friend tells me he has 
met with the storv, A thinks in Weaver's 3I(»numents. As I 
have them not I cannot confirm it. As well as he could recol- 
lect he gave me an account of it, whicli upon my return home I 
committed to |>en A: [»a[HT, k amount«( to this : — A |Kior tinker, 
livin;; at Swafi'ham, in Norfolk, dreamed one night that if he 

' The tttorj of the {icdlar ik ulito told hy Abraham dc la I*r7me in hia 
** Diary." publiithcd by the Surtec« Society, toI. Ut^ p. 21 U. 

374 lllliCeLLANKorA OiUUKiiPUNUO'CC 

went t4i liontloii, & walkml «iti Ijnwlnu Hricl«:e, he i«boul«l hfmr 
Miinr ^iKxl news. A(*coniiii;;ly lu« walkt*<l then* for two dayi. 
At Ifii^li, oiH* who hail 4ib4erv(<«l him hoiiip time patrulin;; tbe 
ntnvt, without aiiv %'isihh* huniiu'vs to lirlain him, a^kid him the 
ri*a*iori of it, on whirh tht* tink«*r told him hi« FtM>l, 
quoth the trHow, prithiv ;;ft ihiv hiHiir, A: «lon*i disturb thy«4>lf 
aliout a fooli*>h dream. Why, I mvM'lt' drraiiit t'«>thi*r ni;:ht 
that if I went to huch a plai*e at SwatVhanu in NoH'olk, I ithoukl 
find a deal of mon<*y. A f»u()irii*nt hint to the jMior tinker, A, die 
beat (if newn, who immediatelv returnin:: found the m<»ne%' at 
tlie |ila<*e lM*fore mention^l. With it h«* huilt SwatTham ( 'hureh, 
in UKMnor}' of which tht*ri' an*, to tlii'« d.iv, in difti*r«*nt part« of 
tbe rhun*h, fi^ur«'!« of tht* |H*(|lar A: hin do;f, carved in wood, k in 
one part in particular, which iie«*m^ to ha^e lM'«*n the (lartition of 
a p<*w, then* in a |M*illar iV hi^ wiA* in the %liii|i, tin* (hif^ hy him 
carvtni in tin* MUie manner. A; th«* |N^llar*M nairn* in rar^eii almve. 
1 think his name wa^ Windham, hut am not certain. Tlie above 
aoc«>unt ha<i lM«*n C4»nArm«*«l tn mr bv manv uihrr^ !»incc. 

Th«* tra<iitit»n of flu* S«*r|if*nt at Fran«ham I had from tlie 
pn*M»nt rt'ctor of ihi* phici*, with wlimn I dintil on purpose to |«et 
it; thim;*h, a« he waa from hcmn* at the tim*' he couM ntit renil- 
lect the dat4». 

On a flat tombntuni*, in om* of tht* i*!i-% nf Kran^him ^'hurrh, 
with an inv*ripti«in in brn^^ round it, on a br.i«^v« plate inlaid, h 
en;:raveil the fi^run- of a man at full lt'fi;:tli. with a ^M^qirnt umier 
hit fei*t of a rery ;:ri*at ni^e. A. by the in«4Tiption it ap|iemr» to 
have bt'en dcme in memorv of otie Fraii«ham «tr Fran^him in 


( om. N(»r1ulo, who kilbM a mi;:hty iM*r|ii*nt that inle^liii thoae 
[larta. Fran«ham i« 1<* niih*^ for Oxbrnrouidi]. 

The iit4ir\ of l«;i<ly (ffiM|i\j, nr <ffiH|iii.i, i« m» fain**u«, that I 
c|ue^tion not but it niu^t h.i\c o«vnrri*«l lo yon iMMon* thiv Tb# 
pit*turt*<» ofthi<« Iji>nl iV I.ady havin;; Unp put up jn the window* 
of (\ivrntrv (*hurcli. wiib tlii« ^u|i«'r«4'ripiioii. in ineniopk' i»f h«T 
ridini; naked through Coventry fttn^M^ : 

I l.^ifrii*. f..r U*wr "t tl.rr. 
Ki art Covrolrj l«ill frrr 

Tlic faiiii*u» nioiiuini-rit of tli<- < '«iuriti*^ tif Sdi^burv, danc*in;* 
liel'urv Edward .Ui, in tU* ^reat hall at Wimlaur, clru|i| 


garter, which the king taking up commemorated by institution 
of the Garter, & agreeable thereto the Editor informs us that 
there are several angels cut in stone about, strewing garters over 
the tomb. See the tour through Great Brittain, lately published, 
vol. 2d., p. 269. I am apt to think this account to be spurious, 
since, though Brown Willis, in his history of the CaUiedrals, 
has mentioned this monument in the cathedral church of Wor- 
cester, says it was designed for the Countess of Surrey, & takes 
no further notice of it. I only mentioned it as it is a strong in- 
stance that the most trifling as well as meanest peices of prophane 
history have sometimes been admitted into churches — a remark- 
able instance of which we have in Salisbury Cathedral, where 
even a halter has obtained the most eminent place in the church 
to perpetuate a base murder committed by the Lord Stourton. 

Dr. Dale, in his Historj* of Harwich & Dovercourt, tells us 
in note (d) page 30th, that the inhabit:iuts of the parish of Har- 
wich have a tradition that the chancel was built bv the daui;hter 
of a Uiylour, & in confirmation of this they show the figure of a 
pair of scizars on diverse parts of the church. 

I c;in't imagine how my friend of Oxb[orough] could be so 
disin<»enuous as to obtrude upon the world such gross absurdities 
as it is in the power of every dabbler in antiquities, like myself, 
to discover. Surely he suspected his readi'rs, as well as his 
great Patron, whom he has petitioned to screen him, had King 
Midas's c:irs ; k must of necessity acquiesce with an ipse dixit 
For my part, had I not read his peice, I might have been happy 
in my ignorance, & since I knew him to be a man of good sensOi 
much learning, & conversant amongst mankind, I should not 
have suspected him guilty of those pi»tulancies wits arc but too 
subject to. liut humanum est errare. If I am rightly informcd| 
he may pay dear for this first sally ; for I find the generality of 
his readers arc so incensed against the dedicatour that they will 
not permit the antiquarian to speak for himself. I am sorry to 
find him guilty of another mistike, which, as I have before 
hinte<l to you, I had authority for saying I think it incumbent 
on me to produce : it is his assertion that Pope Urban 5th was 
the first that wore the tiara. What authority he has for saying 
so it is in vain to pretend to guess at, since he has nd tbooght 

37G MiscRLLASeors <'ouur,^n)!iti>csre. 

|)r(i|M»r ti> ff'ivo any. But it i^ u very iiiia(*tN>iifitmlj|r (ivrnii;;bt in 
a liio;;ri|)li<T t4> omit such a inat«Ti:il rirctitiiMniKv, \, a^ I CimM 
not find any mirh hint in the Litr of ITrlian .'uh. it tMva.«i<>n<^l 
mv to >us|Mvt it niii<it liayr Imvu a in«'re rliiin«'nt, tliou^lu l>y xltr 
l»y, I nwK tin»t (»liM*rv«* whatfvrr tinii* the tiara w;\% firi»t inln>- 
(lnr<«il, tin* ;;i*n<Tal /«mI fur tip* m-«* a|NiMo|ii-k hx<« Uvn <mi ^n*at 
that tht* wholo H4Ti<*^ of |M>|M*«i an* all n'lin'MMititi in M'iil|itiirt* 
with th«* tiara ryon up t«» Linu^ i^ St. Trtrr hiiiiM*lf. With no 
inurh rra«i«in nn;jht y«ui. a^ wril :\% an\ itnt* oIm*, \>ith justice 
iiupiMiM* l4a«ly H(iy«»ia :i prot't*»t (|i*vot«*«* to pa> thr (*iiniphiiM*iit to 
hi^ Holint*^H, hut my authority tor *»aviii:: ih:it Trhan .'>th wa^ 
not th«' flr«»t intro«lu«vr of it tak<* a^lollni^-*: -Viilr Hra(*h«*lii 
Hist. Uni\rr^ih*i al». r.c. U4«|u«* ati :innuiM li».'i»», pai;. 'IH. 
Anno 13o.') rioinrnn ijuiiitu^ Hunli;;ah'ii«iH Lu::iluiiia t 'aniinaii- 
hu^ iMintitiria Thiani n>n»natU4 iM |M»m|i:i «upra rf^ria «{uam inr% 
HcjTv^ itrnarunt FrinrU'i, Aii;rlu^, vt Arr.i::«iniu^ ; m?<I pro|H* 
Lu;^u)iri!* parifti* t-oll.i|Mi». ri»ron:iti««|U«- rapitiiMM »i n<»n c\iliuni, 
at tiinMriMii t*\itii ;;rav«'m intfrrntr, Jiihaiiiif taiii«*n Hritannia* 
dure niina oppri*^<M» ; ita ^^ihi i-%t |iii«trrit.i^ unvri, i*t «|ttJC 
pompam aup*nt, ruinam ur;;«*nt, Ar 

Now, th«>u;:li ut* t'n'«|Ui*ntly m«vt with topiiia ppi tiar:i, yrt 
thi<» i« tli«- i»nly in^tniu'i* I ha\r mi*t with ol th** rr%'rr««' («up|Hif«* 
in;; it t«i Im- ;i ini<»t.iki*)t ^*l»>«-h thrrr i-:iii !«• tin Pnim t^r, «in<*c 
tht* pri*«Vf«liii;; a<ijt'«-ti%<* M*«'m« tn ilotrrMiin*- thr M*n«i* of it 
lioyMfiil all cN>nlr.i<hc*tioii ; A tliat thr r%-«'nt hi-r*' ailu«lwi to v^aa a 
pro)K*r iip)i«irtunit\ for intri«iu«'iii;: it, i« 4>h\ iou« from thi* |Mtm« 
|Miu^ at'itiiint^ tif i(. a^ ap)MMr<» lri«iii th«' follnwin;; autinirity, 
whu*h I pn*«uuir uill U* pn^if a;:.iiii«t niir fri«*n<r«t ar;ri>ni<'nluni 
Ba<*uhnuni, thi- Cioltliii Ia**;^9-u*\^ •htiuM hi 4::uin hav«- n*n»ur«4» 
t«i It. Tht* pf 111* I tiiiik II Ipiiii i** f'lititlt*'! ati aM»rf%iatiiiii of 
(ffi-m-ral i '••uiiriN, puhh«li«* 1 •>ri^iiMll\ in Frt nth. h\ I^« Mairr, 
^ tlif translation In- pu)ih«h< il hy Jnhn <ff<>ii;:ii. It i^ printr^l in 
till' iiM hlai'k lftt«T, «V priiiti**! Htiril lur wnnl .i<i I hjV4* «rt»ti* it. 

diMiirnt 5th, a ;;a«kon Imrnc. an-iih\«hi>p of Hunlux, i^hiclw 
wa* rhi»Mii )>y tht* <*ari|\nalU «. r«*^y«h*iit lor iho tvmo ciiic \cre 
ol our l^>r.|f. at thf in«t luiiti* nf Kynp* rh\IUplc IM 1.1il5. 
Tliu* ^hiirtiv ufti-r (hi« ^i\(i < imifiit a«^inh)f*<l a ;;n*at Ciimpaiiri* 
of rar>lyn.illc« ^ H\f«lii»iN t*i no U'ttcll (*«*%i A ciuir;*i* tu all thr 


Churchc of Fraunce, & so came to Lyons with great pomp & 
worldly glorye where met with hym many Cai-dynalles of Italye, 
whereas he was crowned with gre;it pompe & Ryalty, at the 
whiche Coronacion was Kyng Phyllyp le Bel with his brother 
Charles, & all the Pryuces of Fraunce, &, in all this pomp & 
Ryalty, befell a great olde wall where as moche people were 
assembled to beholde this great pomp & Ryalty, in the whiche 
fall was slayne the Duke John of Brytanie, & the Kynge sore 
hurte, & the new Byshop smyten from liis horse, in so moche 
that his Crowiie fell from his bed, & lost the rychest stone there, 
one called a carbuncle, esteemed worth V(. u. duccnts, &c. 

I cannot help taking notice, too, of bis exceptions against 
your supi>osed Cardinal Octavian, bocausc he is in Fontifica- 
libus, since as representative of the pope himself, I think it no 
heretical conjecture, so much is certtin. that the Cardinal Arch- 
Deacon used to subscribe all publick deeds next the pipe himself, 
as is evident from a diploma of Pope Alexander 2d extant, 
Catidogi antistitum pneclariss. Neapol. Eccli'^ia? pag. 121., pro 
consecratione Sassinensis Ecclcsiai, where tliougli there wore 
present 44 Bishops. 10 Arch-Bishops, & ntony of the prime 
nobility, tln! next subscription to the [wpe's is, PJgo YIdobrandus 
cjualis-cimipiu Ruiuuna: Kcclesio; Archidiaconus. As, therefore, 
tliero was none su|KTior to the Cardinal Arch-Deacon, he was 
hold the pope's represent;! live. A: he was lookt upon with the 
highest veneration. We may, by [>arity of reason, suppoxc, to 
siipjwrt the di;;nity of the jwr^wm represented, he nii^'ht assume 
the habit tuo. 

I beg pardon for detaining; you from your business liisce 
u]iimtiis, but relying on your good nature, my zeal for your 
Ciiuse. A an earnest tIcHre of aojuitting my*eif as I have pro- 
fesiwd your friend, I must eonchidc with. Si rectius novistl 
caiidiilus iiiijMTti si non, his utere mccum.' • • • 

Your ino>t sincere friend and obliged humble servant, 

ti. Bi;bt<>ii. 

Si quid novini rectiua iatia. 
Candiiliu iiBpcrti : u Don, hi* nWre mMam. 
[//m-.. Epitt, I 


CXXXII. TiiK Rev. Dr. Stukrlbt " to Samitbl Oale, Ehq.- 
-H. F. St. J. 

Sunifonl, 2 Ap., 1746. 
Deaniit Sir, 

AfWr tb«* (lop.irtiin* of the Scrutonianii we are a little more 
at lei^tiro to wriu*. Tli«*v hail a mot^t fearful joiirn(*v of it home. 
TIn'V iM*t out h«*n<v Saturday mtirniii;;, &, ffni in Scrutmi but on 
Weclnc^lay ni^ht. thmuxrh ^reat piTils of fliNMin k lud n^Mla. 
Your nieoe woul«l hiivc likinl verv well to havi* ri\c(l her faabi* 
tat ion ut Stamfonl. Her ai;r6oabl«s humor A, ^(mkI aenae had 
n*ntli'n*(i hi*r tin* ih'h^ht «>f th«* Stamfonlian«i. WV luul our ceio- 
bnite<l in id -lent lair whiUt they wi-re at I^>ndon, whirb i% a tort 
of reM*ml»lanee t4» liOitdon. Tiie fine neaiMin bi*^ini ti» cx>uie oo, 
ii my ^nl4*n i^ put tin;; forth a profunion of ele;nint beauty a. I 
havif iei up I^>ni Turk«*tyrii h«*ad in a ;^»tliic niche fur tliat pur^ 
]iO!i4*, with :in iiiMTipti-m under him. I «hall Im* |;lad if you will 
make hiui a vi<«it titiM summer. T)k* inrloMil i» a covn I 20C 
Litrlv f«>untl li«>re. Mr. F<ilkf» known which llenrv *tiii« |irt»bablv 
1. I wi^ii y«iu wtinid tike :in t»p|Nirtunity uf purrhaMU;; fur me 
a Lirrel of eM\dlop »hrlU, for my dau;;htrr Knim*e^ ii^ nirdital- 
in;; a ma;:niHivnt ^'rutto. Wlien your«*of St. John Ita|iiii4 
i» d«»n«' ikend mr a prmif «if it, ^ ^et tin* drawin;v ol' Sl Laurence 
in^'rav«^i. I think of printing an iMiun a.% we can p!t nd of tiie 

Your frirnd Kiilnian Riirrel i« wfll. Hi* in4|uin-a of you 
oftrii «%hrii we me«*t at the euri'tt* houM*. 1 am. 

Your urtectionatr, 


CXXXIII. Tnr lUv. Dn. Sti kki.ft tm?-H. K, St. .1. 

Sumford. 1 \U\, 174& 
I>i-ar Sir, 

Wf ha%'i- inu4-h n-A^m to i^m^atulati* our^lve* U|ii»it the 
duki*\ :;<hmI •uix'^-*k«* a;;iiti%t thi^^e dialMilical nitKan* i*ne«iuni;;«d 

* Thr Ihikr ff i'um)tf-rl«n-| Arnvfiil in I^hkIoq fruM HctiClMifl (Vt««lw I'^K^ 
i:4'> an I N.ivrait«r .' .ih art .nil ttum >L Jmmtt'B U^ Ukt the OHBmMid ol ika 
ri7«: mtmy •*« lU ^mnU iii«*rtU I^anoMbirr IHi .\|inl liitb, !;««;, i^ 
ul CuIl^Akft mm luugLi. m>«I the ouuk i4 ih€ fmcMkr wai ovcnkfovm. 


by France, wbicb is used as a divine scourge to punish a nation 
orenin with vanity, pleasure, & an absolute rejection of all 
religious duty, thinking there is no God in the world, at least 
thnt he is not to be worshipped ; but the scene was laid still 
deeper tlian we saw. If the duke had not succeeded, all the 
papists in the north were ready for an universa] massacre. & well 
it is if the French did not sail from Brest in view of tliis plot ! 

We had most extraordinary rejoicings here for the victoij-, 
our whole town, Barnhill particularly, looked like the elysian 
fields with illumination. 

I return you my thanks for Lord Turketyl's head, &, the 
drawing of the altar piece I would desire you to send to Toms, 
or gome engraver you Judg pro)>er, & with the inijcription as at 
bottom ; but with room tor a dedication to Mr. Giifurd, who 
lives in Canon row, Westminster. He desir'd I would put him 
in a plalc, which be would pay for ; but make a punctual bargain 
for the plate. I think a guinea engraving will doe. I thought 
I had sent you a drawing of St. Laurence, but I have now sent 
it you, iS: you must get it engraved, & if you have a friend to 
pay for it, well, otherwise I must. The coin 1 will send uj> to 
Mr. Folks the first op|>orlunity. The 2 mugs from Vauxhall is 
a present to you. We have 2 of the same. 'Tis the manufac- 
ture of Mr. Alderman Taylor's wife's son. My wife desires 
very much your company this summer, Jc so do I, k shall 
endeavor to contribute all I can to your aiimscment. 

We live gayly at present : plays, two Hiusick clubs, an experi- 
mental philosiipliy lecture, & we are setting up the Brazen-noae 
Society again. 

We have quite finished our bouse & garden, both are grand 
k beautiful, ii now all the trees are white as snow with blossoms. 
Hie vivo et regno. 

Young Mr. Burrcl is declining vcrj- much, your friend is 
well. My wife has recovered her spirits at last. I have had 
Mime fitts of the gout, but oytd ^em away espeditiuusly. I am 
glad to hear you are well. My service to Dr. Ducare), k all 
friends, k I am. 

Your obliged & aSectiooate Servant, 


[No address, but most probably to Sam. Gale. Sec I^etter cxxx.] 


CXXXI V. The Rkv. (J. Huimiv •• to the Rev. IJr. Stukklkt, 

AT STiUir«>Ri»/' — H. F. St. J. 

Ek]<*n, May 15, 1746. 
Dear IXn'tor, 

I havo liut jii^t tiiiK* tn inform you, (wbicL an it wa* a mat- 
ter of im|K>rtan4'C I woiilil liy no mrunA m*;;l«H*t), that the infur- 
mmtion I n*r(*i\iHi alntut tlit* ;;ri*:it fMT|N'nt at Kran«ham wa» 
^Hindhiw. Havin;: iiiniv nuiilt* it my liUMnrM to Im* more |iar« 
tirular in luy ent|uiry nUiut it, A: pnHMircvl an exact draught of 
it, but an it i.** f«irri;*n to y«iiir |>ur|M>M* nill n«>t trouble you with. 
Tlie true acx^iunt i« thi% : The in^Tiption i% on a brasA on a flat 
grit atone in tht* church. The man ia in cI(M4* armour with a 
twoni libeathecl hv hi^ Hif|«*. The ensiture unilrr bi» f<<et ift no 
other than a lion rouchant, an rnibh'm I |irei»umf of valour. 
Tlien* iH a wiM t rati it ion of hii* killing a MT|ient, but that, a« far 
a«i 1 <*aii learn, wa^* onlv iIoim* for him in the ima:;ination« of the 


icniorant. The Mi>ne i* vory ciiriou^lx emlielli^hM, A \ery 
ancient. I couM not htOp ;:ivin;; you tiii^ tniuble ti» prt*vent anr 
im|KMition u|xm you as \%rll a« myM*lf. 1 have not U-en able lo 
procure the history of the INtllar of Swrnffham, tbou;;h proiniaed 
it some time "^ince, which i« to U* .\lr. I^e N«*vr\, <! i« u> itMUC 
fn>m our oh I tVicml Tom Martin, who ha« Uvn ^*me timt* at 
lionWon, whirh ha!« |irr\f*nte«l it. .\t hi^ return m^un* «ourM-if 
I Hill U*at u|» hi« ipLirtrr^ and Mrip him of hi» IStllmr vi et 

I am at |in-M*nt «hv|il\ i-n;ra:^Ml in «>ermuniiin^, in <»ne 
fli'wi^neil for St. K>linoniUliur\ . «\ :i not her ft»r tite catlM^lral of 
Norwich. A^ I ha\i- hut jii^t hi-ani nf it, \ou niav f^if^oi 1 mm 
MMUfwliat at a l«i«« h«iH to an«wiT th«* enpi;*i*menl, a« thi* old 
father^ lu^e M'ltitiiM |i.ii*I nic a \i<»it. *V tlir la«l o>mincntator I 
«aw Waft iif «iirh an riitirtiioii^ «i/i tliat h«* (ri^hteiit^ii me. IIt 
goml |atnin, I .iin intorm«^I. ulio holii* ni<* at lay, iiitciHii* to «ue 
nir (i^T non-ri-<»idfn«*i-. the tir«t un<<iniral elo|«ment I make. 
A« 1 ha%c a ciia|ilain<*hip, I uia\ at any tim«* find m %afe rt* 
at lionthin. Hut a* I c«iiiltl not .|o ihr Kinu* if mv wife 4 I 
•iyiuld viftit \our |iart«, I latrly «|Miki* to a trien«l to make intereat 
witlj yi»ur l*i*lHi|> tor i*tu- nf tht* nominal |0.. |»rcljeiMU uf votir 
churt'h for a |»rotci-tMin, lait rci'ciiiti « ik'iiial fniui tiio |icrMia 1 


applied to. If you have an interest with his lordship, & have no 
thoughts of applying it elsewliere, I should be much obliged to 
you for it, because when I visit friends I don't choose to be 
circumscribed in my time. I hope you will excuse haste, & 
believe me to be, dear Doctor, 

Your sincere friend & obliged humble servant, 

G. Burton. 

CXXXV. The Rev. Dr. Stukelet " to Samuel Gale, Esq." 
H. F. St. J. 

Stamford; 1 Aug., 174(>. 
Dearest Sir, 

Now national justice has been exercised upon some of these 
rebellious miscreants, we may begin to look upon ourselves as in 
some decrree of safetv, & write on matters of entertainment. The 
box of shells, of which you made my daughter a magnificent 
present, is highly acceptable, & I heartily thank you for it 
They are to be put in practise uj)on a grotto I have contrived. 
I lately received a waggon load of curious antique wooden figures 
from Croyland. They are the chcrubims of oak, as big as the 
life, which su|»|»ortt'd the j)rinci])als of the roof. Tliese an» lik«» 
caryatides to sup|K»rt the 4 comers ol the arch of the grot. 

I have got likewise two of S. Guthlake's devils in stone. 
Tliese are added to the hennitagc 

I was latt'ly for a week at Bought on, on the Duke of Mon- 
tagu's invitatation, wIktc was my Lord Tyrawley, Mr. Edwd. 
Young of the Exchequer, \c. We passed the time most agre- 
ably. I pn*ai'he<l once then*. Captain Cree<l, iV many of the 
new officers, dinetl with us. The duke accom|>anyod me home- 
wards 5 miles, k the week after came on purpose to make me a 
visit. His grace dined with us, s|)ent the afternoon in my study, 
A: then returned home. 

I have had a visit from an ingenious Suffolk divine/ a neighbor 
of my op|)onent's of Oxl»orougli. 'Tis agreed on all hands that 
h*^ published his piece of stuff to pre|>arc us for the prcti'nder, 
well knowing the approaching rebellion. A great popish family 

* her. 0. Barton, Ilector of BIdcn. 


live^ in liin imriiih, k many |M)piKli pric*iitji thcreabouU. A [mpub 
bookM'llcr pnnCi*(l it, itiit I lia\e ;;ivrn *fin all a Auitablr an%Hfr. 
*Tis now in tlir pn^fkn hero at Staint'uni ; 'A or 4 thcei^ an* printc«l 
off alroaiiy, &. wr pn on (iili<:4*ntly ; it wiP lie pretty Ion;;. 

The c^>vn I ftent vou the ^keteh of in Hen. 1 1. 

The Duke of C\iml)erlan(l pasMMl hy lui at 11 at ni;;ht« we 
were all illuminnte<i in an in««tant. His hi^rhneM dined with 
Loni Iti>bc*rt Manners at K el ham, k drank freelv then*. He i» 
very fond of I>ord Kob(*rt, who l>ehaved incomiiarahly nt t*nl- 
loden Held. *Ti!( rr|N)rt4*<l with ^n*at confidence' that he kill<*<l 
no h'Hfi than 9 hi|;hlanden» with hin own hand. 

Your !«i»ter i?» very well, k i»|ientU niont |uirt of ever}' day in 
the ;;arden, which is now ct>nie t4> ^reat beauty &, perfection. 

Your friend liedman is very well. The iquin* declining 
Mill, but none Kure ever went more g«ntlr down. 

I with you ixiuld find time to ci>me d; m*c ux. I am, 

Your affectionate bnitber, 

W. Stukkuct. 

I ;;ave tlie Duke of Montagu a Roman intaglia cornelian msI 
lately plowed up in our tield». 

CXXXVI. Thk Ukv. Dr. Stikelet •• to Samvcl Gale, Ekj., 

AbI\GI»«.\*S O'FFKK H«>l>K, Hol.B<iK>. I>»MNiN. FfcKK, 

\V. Noll.'— H. F. Si. J. 

St.iniford, 31 Oct., 1746. 
Di*are%t Sir, 

Mv wifi' n*tnni« her th:ink« for vtiur fine narci««u<» riiolii, 
whi<*h Hill U* imnuHliatelv omimittiil t<i tlie :rn»und in **f\U'T U* 
n'^i%e in the "prin;:. Shr ha« niailf tin* ;:anlen a m«»*t dflt|;lit* 
ful placv, k e\en in winter it i* not withmir its beauty*. I lu%e 
built a top to the ;;:ite ne\t tin* field*. emliattaih<d, with an 
inM^ription in vast capitate —avno vi«-rr»ai.C cvll^hmixux'^ 
U|*on it is a ffreat ear^eil stone of my coat of anii% ^ of my 
wife* iinpaleti. In the «prin;; I am to make the ptitf<i, Init I 
d«-sin* \ou t<i c^mie iloiMn k 4-onti:bnte vour fanev towani it. I 

lmr\i<d Iat4'lv \our old oiaehtiian who dro%-e v«»u fofruwland. 

• • • • 

He Miid it waR tlie pleaMintesf journey he ever had ia bb ltf«L 


Your friend, Redman Burrel, Esq., is well. His nephew is 
exceedingly ill. Your friends at Scruton liked Stamford so well 
last winter that they would have liked well enough to have been 
here again, though not on the same occasion. 

You London politicians are terribly outwitted by the French. 
They find you out more & more every day. ^Vhy sent you not 
Lestock 3 months sooner ? To what purpose was it to draw off 
troops going into winter quarters ? Deplorable schemes ! deplor- 
ably executed ! I think we are in a wretched condition, & owing 
to our great irreli<]^ion & flao^rant luxury. Till we mend of that, 
times will not mend. Pray my service to Dr. Ducarel, & all 

friends, & I am. 

Your affectionate, 

W. Stukeley. 

Thanks for the great shell. Pray put Mrs. Saltmarshe^s letter 
into the post. 

CXXXVII. The Rkv. G. Hurton * to the Rev. Dr. Stukeley 
AT Stamford" — H. F. St. J. 

Elden, Novr. 1st, 1746. 

Dear Doctor, 

• ••••• 

I am ;;la<l to hear your new press at Suuuford has succeeded so 
well, <^ has reconiinended itself to the publiek under such an able 
corrector. 1 am glad to hear you have not sai<l all you can say, 
since a <-<)rps du reserve is a necessary art of generalship to play 
ort' ai;:iin>t such an eneniv. 

I cannot think he pr<>post*s to rejoin ii|>on you. If he should 
yuu can have no readon to fear him. As lun;: as you live, (which 
may it l>e long, very long), there is no fear of his triumph, & I 
here rr{yc it you under my hand that should his envy survive 
you, it shall me too, since the lassa niemoria of a friend is the 
greatest reproach on friendship; & 1 am resolved to hold iast 
my integrity, nor shall my heart repmaeii me as long as I live 
for having profest a friendship, yet suflering the memory of that 
friend to be im|mired. Should h«* therefore on the publication 


of voum hold Ml(*n<*e for n win If, vet hunit forth Mime vi-aih 
lieii(*<*, I In*^ you will ihit l:i\ a^idr clioiif;lit« of p«'inp liim a 
|»ro|M»r rn-fption, A n*Miii» yoiir^-lf uliat(*\rr hiiit«> my !»h*ritler 
riMtliii^ A: capacity i*:in tiiriii<«ii riir with, I ^liall rf'M*r>'i' A, ci»iii* 
munirjitc to von from tiinr to tiinr. 

You iu*rci coiniixMXM' no fr«**»|i actinn*i a;:ain!»t thi*tn, ntncir I 
AMun* vtiu hi^ arro«'ant ^til«• i« uni\«T!iallv <*otid«*inii(*ii lu*ri*. I 
am f^reatly ohlij^rd to yi»u for your kiml intention of f4*ndin^ mr 
your lMM>k, which I all^url* \ou uill ^im* mr great plomiturr. I 
have lately bei*n to Tliett'onl, when* in the old Palao* there air 
Home Very old |»ei(*i*5 of ta|N'«try, wliieh i-ontain a hiiturj' of the 
landin;: <if St. Kdnmnd. &, lii!» iNtronation, at which tliert* Ia the 
reprevMitation of t\\o |NT^in«. Uith with niitrt*^ on their ht-ad*, 
oni* of wh(»m i<« the vru^^ hmrer ha« a vn**^f* in hi^ hand 6l a mitre 
on hi<« ho:ul, ai« well n*» the other: the only tlitTerenf'e ketwerti 
tli«*m in that the rr<i«!» UMrer'^ niitn* is plain* the otlier i» ailonicd 
with precious Atone<«. 

I am afraid the aff.iir of tin* TlietfonI antiquities will drop t«» 
nothin;;. I havi* nlmti«t wrarit t| myM*lf out in applieation* to 
our fri«'nil T«»ni Mnrtin for iliem ; hut whatever i^* the meaning:, 
ha\e n«*t U^i-n ahle to i;et tlimi v<*t. \Vhate\er I c;in meet with 
that inav U* :iiiv u;iv% MT\iieuM«* to \iiu, a««ure vourvlf I will 
rcMTvr them t'nr vnu. I li:i\i- iiiitler^oiir tif late various kiixN 
ot iNTM-iutiiin ffitiM my patron, ^ho amtin;:«t hi«> other tn-ak« 
canir late!\ tn t-huri h i«iih lii« t':iniilv, Maid out praver«, k whih* 
I wan re|N*atiii;; the Li»rd*« Tracer in thr pulpit, man*lMHl out in 
a InhI\ a laii^lie«l in m\ f.nv. I hait* (-«in«ult(*«i the judieiMUt 
(M«ui^t% ami>ti;.'^t tin* ^pirtiuali^t*. I<ut O teni|iora ! O HKm*« ! 
iiiitliiM}: i^ to III' dune t«i till* mud' prnfaiier. • • • 

With the ijnMteM »»inririt\ , ii*Mr l>i««t*ir, 

Vuur nik«ure«l trieml «\ «ilili;»iil hiiudile ^T«ant, 

(i. Biirrox. 

IVS. - I tor;;oC tn till yu my unri;;litc<iu» |4itri«i ha« 
taki-ti out a writ a;::iiii«t nn t>r ^liiHittn^ atttT warning jri^fHt 
tliMUirh m the »i\ M"at% I ha\i' Ut-n li«re I ha%e lieen «ittt but »is 


CXXXVIII. The Rev. Dr. Stukeley "to Samuel Oale, 
Esq., Abingdon's Coffee House, Holborn, London." — 
H. F. St. J. 

Stamford, 16 Dec., 1746. 

Dearest Sir, 

Some 3 weeks ago I ordered Manby* the bookseller to pre- 
sent my book of Origines Roistoniana) to Lord Chancellor, & 
some otliers, & publish ; but seeing no advertisement in the prints 
makes me think him negligent. I ordered him to present you a 
book in my name, both parts bound together. I wish you would 
call on liim & quicken his pace. 

I was obliged to print it in Stamford because of correcting 
the press. I wish it could have been done better, but if the 
matter be approve<I of by you gentlemen who are judges, I must 
rest content, 

I wish you joy of your young namesake at Scruton. Dolly 
Smelt had thoughts of coming & keeping house at Stamford. I 
nm oflad to find that matters seiMn to mend with us on the con- 
tiiient. We liave had most pleasant we;itlier which renders the 
countr}' yet agreeable ; & now the solstice is past His hoped the 
worst of winter is over. Mv wife was concerned at the death of 
your friend Pote of Li^igh, but this must be the case of us all. 

Our old friend H ly is in tribulation, I find. He has 

been abusing bishops, 6i religion in general, this 20 years, & no 
notice taken of him ; but now he touches the Court he is to be 

We have 2 musick clubs per week all these 3 last yearS| 
beside other clubs, so that we rub off long winter evenings mighty 
well. Mr. Redman Burrel is well. Your sister remembers hear 
love to you, 6i I am. 

Your affectionate humble servant, 

W. Stukxlbt. 

* Richard Manby died at Waltharoxtow, in 17S9. He wm a bookadlcr 

of ^reat eminence, of Ludt^ate Hill. He wan fined for the nOct of Sheriff; 

an«l wan Mauler of the 8tationerM* Companj, to whom he gate iliOO lor the 

of the iK>«)r.— AWyr^/f. .//ViafiViy, vol. ii., p. 719. 



CXXXIX. Thk Ukv. G. Bl'rtdn "totiif. Rfv. Or. Stukklkt, 

AT 8TAMruKi)/' — II. F. St. •!. 

Eldra., Fch. 2d, 174r>.7. 

Dear Dijctor, 

• • • • • • 

I sinoerrly rojoiot* witli ymi «»n a-* t-cMniilcnt a \irtnrj' over ymir 
aiita;;oiii*'t a^ the fiiitioii^ li.ittlf *>( < *til!<»>ifn iirminct-*!. I iliitik 
you have fairly laid liiiti on the p^uitnl, iV iiiili*^<% hr i* a M-rr>fid 
Ant.Tti« ho will ri!M» no in on-, A ran not hut n'|»nift«-h my*<*lf' f«»r 
mv arruffanre in inakin'' v«»u tlir l.ifi- oHit. • • • 

I am nlmo*>t nnpry with you lor a |»ar:i;^»ra|»h in your an*wiT, 
(forijive niv in-^oh'nw), whrn* vt^i t#»ll v<.ur reader v«iU have 
inatoriaU for a hi<^torv «>f < ':imliridf;o hut «hnll lay a«ide thoii;;bl« 
of it, «in«'i» |iotulaini* A <*alunui\ an* to Ih» the n'ward of your 
lahourn. But ran om* |MN>r harkin/ rynirk alTn^ht \ou, w|»o 
haw fariNl a whoh* ruf • of d«'mi-:!or:;i»!i* A raco-<|.TMion*? i'mn 
a l«'nd«T "pri;; of Rntii|urty, who hut xr-^ti'nlay iMirroweil of hia 
riark a few old fM*aU to furhi<>li out a nirk-nark-a-ton*. f^iw \un 
tlie leant nlarni, whi» havr Ion;: ^in'*** divi^l to thr vrrv root* of 
antiquity ? You liav«* hm;; •^inei*. A with homiur Ion, rhoM*!! 
the |»uhliek for your ;n>arilian. A anions tli«* n*«t« (in«i;;nificant 
an I am), I claim a «han* tif your n'::ard. Therefi>n* d«» not 
fM-f-rert anything from u*, nor mh jtimmI Alma Mater of h«T true 
antiquity hy conri-alin^ any |iart of h«*r on;nD A eiiueaiitin! 
• • • At ppe«»ent I think I am m<»ri» pniperly a %otarv 
of Mam tlian any either of tin* anrimt di*iti<*«. ninn* wnti»« incii«-i- 

ni<»ntji, &, tht* whoh* artillerv of tht* law are ^M*conie nir ilailr 

• • • 

|fi|>iek«. My |iatr<tn A I haii ju'*t Imiti^ht aUuit a rectinnliaiioii 
hy folIoHin^ your whi>l«-<Mini«* n<|\iif, ulii-n a n4'i;:hlioarin|^ 
att Torn lev, hv a ni-w A umIiimpI i»t ^trataijrm, ha« U'en at tlir 
pain« to ri*nt*w it, thou;:h ist^xn ha\r nftuiilly he<i*n ti-ndi-n^il ia 
pup*uanri* of the a;!re4'ment, tV wv ^i^iti^l a;rnin a« an eanif*i4 of 
our tuturi' amit\. Surh i« thf pn>r:in<iii<inf«* ol forlum*. A the 
in«tahditv of matikin<i. * * * 

Your mt»«t «tneiTe frieml, \ mi^t ohli^*i*«i humhie M*n ant« 

(f. Ik-aniii. 

IVS. — I ha\f ju«t rfvei\ii| a \*r\ mmplai^ant feller troni bit 
pal nm ti» aimurr me that h«* ncviT timu^ht of mirwiii;; hia aoil 
ai^ainat me, but Uial it waa all an ini|miion of hi« att[cini}jm. 


CXL. The Rev. G. Burton " to the Rev. Dr. Stukeley, at 

Stamford." — H. F. St. J. 

Elden, April 30th, 1747. 

Dear Doctor, 

I received your very friendly letter, & am greatly obliged 
to you for it, as well as your kind advice with relation to my 
patron, & would have answered it immediately but for an odd 
reason which I will now communicate to you. Just at the 
rccei|)t of it I received a letter from your petulant & crazy adver- 
sary to desire I would give him the meeting at Brandon, & lend 
him Horsley's Britannia Romana ; as I had before been apprized 
he was meditating a second rejoinder, I thought it a favourable 
opjx)rtunity of enquiring whether he was really engaged in an 
answer or not. I met him accordingly yesterday. I represented 
to him the general opinion of his readers u|x>n his doughty per- 
formance. I remonstrated to him the danger of another rejoinder, 
that I should think myself ill-used in having been employed by 
him to apologise for his behaviour to you, & that upon its appear- 
ing in print we should never meet again. I reduced him at last 
to a ver}' absuni behaviour in desiring me to acquaint you he 
had no personal pique against you, but with a great horse laugh 
said that as you had called his faith, charity, & divinity in 
question, it was incumbent on him to clear it up. As to the 
affair of his bookseller applying to yours for his plates he abso- 
lutely denies it, & to clear it up says that, upon the advice of his 
friends, lie emjjoycd a S(*cond bookseller, who was no otherwise 
concerned than in selling the books when printed off. His name 
is Lewis, & he says is well known not to be a printer to the 
papists. You know how far this is agreeable to truth, but I think 
it not amiss to [give] you a hint of his defence. In short I have 
cbagrintHl & confounded him plagiiily, k lie was obliged to stand 
the roast for six hours. I went armed for the interview, & carried 
with me some extracts of the mnn*s preferments he had bestowed 
on my friend, unprovoked, k as he himself owned, without any 
|H»rs<inal prejudice, such as a commission in the Greorgia Colony 
iV' the bridge at Westminster. I plagutn] him so with his interest 
in Instowing ihese new commissions, that to escape he was obliged 
to take refuge under this weak subteri'uge, that you mistook his 


moaning, for ho meant to |»ay ymi a tNiinpliment & you would 
not tak«* it, fur lii* roiii|iliiiioiiUNl \i)u in riUMii^ mi cH>iiMderaiM«* a 
town a?t Koy^^ton, tlu*«»ry, At-., in »«i ^liort a timr, wlirn t]i« 
conlnll^Ml»n^r«« for \Vi*:Ht[niin*t4*r hri<l;;r art* mi li»n;j in iTiitin;j 
that alone. I .sliru;;;;i'il niyM*lt, Imt \u?* lau^h wa» au luud k 
inoiisant at thr o>ni'i'it ot tii*» <'M*a|ie« that I hail nu u|>(Mirtunity 
ofKi\iii^r an\thin^, hilt tin* >iiti«fat-tioii of tacitly |iron«»uut-in^ 
him auil:i(N*tn omnia |nT|i«.*Ii [//or.« Oif iii., lih. i., 1. ^^\ Thia 
intt'ivirw shall lio tin* l:iM, uiilr.<*<» that I think I mav U-anv wava 

• mm 

M*rvi<vahh* to you in anotli«'r, on whi<-li account I ran A uu^ht 
tu (h» aiivthiti:: vou can tlo»irc. Hut rnoU;;h of thin hontuncio. 
I for;;ot t«» tril \ou he ilcM;;n« to prove Lmly I{4>y»ia mrvrr liad 
anv hand in tlii'^ Ho\»«toii C)rati»rv, A: that "tkull that »aa found 
tlicrc is a man*}* '^kull — the ?«kull I supiNrH* of Miinc unfortunate 
(Kirlior whii, trnd^in;; ah>n;; with a hrainhill of hu^inran to »havtf 
a cu<«tomcr on a market day, unlia|»|iily |M>|»|ii<«i hi« feet into the 
ivntcr hi>lo of the inilUtone you ohM*r\'<il tt* c«iver tlic tu|» of tlie 
hidiicr or Mepn, A' hi*» ^kull lia^ lain thi*re i'wr Muce, aa a proper 
»ulij«vt for a ^eniii<« like my friend <if i>[\lNirou;;h] to wrilr U|ioii. 
I (h*<«i;:n«*«i to lia\e ^^lid no iiutre, hut I forgot to tell you thai 
anion:; nther tliiii:;^ hi* read tu iiie, he ii>ueh«^l u|Min \our \i»il 
to 0\h |«>rnti:; h, tV hail drann in m\ inmr mule I{[tv]\e in hr 
the niM-k \ ■»li-iiilihr'» a'* y«iiir iNiadjutnr, Uvau^e Sir Harr\ *« 
pirdener <»a\% him in y<iiir compan\. Hut the««* thin;;* are 
int4'r nifn. I nia\. it* I act warilv. make f'lirtlier di^Niverv*. if 
lui, ih'jN'ud oil my fidelity in communicatin;; them to you. A 
^enth-maii tuld me the i^me Mr. I'imlou umte toyou in n'lati«»n 
t4> the paiii^ he t«iiik t«t clear hi^ ex|ieii«<'«. which, hy a hint lie 
dnipt uhen I •^aw him. I don't find he ha« ih'ne a« yet, or e&|««i« 
to do. I :iiii ^reatl\ •il>h;:«ii to \oit ftir the i;eiierou« oirn-«pc»ii- 
den<*i* Vou carr\ «in with m\ uncle A; aunt ; A more, a« v«>u hare 
aihh^l to it the dt^^ii'u of* a %iiiit in thcM* jurtJi idiortiy, I »hall lie 
iiii|iatieiit ti»r the time; 1 h«i|ie hv that time I %hall be alJr to 
prtN-ure T'tiii Martin'* pa|M-r* n'latitii; to Thetford. I find him 
\er\ ciimmuiii« ati%e, hut at the *ame time «'erv indulrot 4 
iiiieetlaiii. I am in %ery ^n-at ho|i«« thi* late liru»h with my 
|iatn>n hiII \a\ a foundation for a Miliil |«*atv, ^ aiiall efideaviMir 
to tolhiH yiMir kind aiUiiv in prumotiiij* it. A tr«e (titndf m 


you observe, is a mere Phoenix. I have met with many pro- 
fessed ones within my short span of knowledge, but few, very 
few [true] ones ; I have met with many Warb[urto]ns, never yet 
I think with a Stukeley. I want words to return the kind com- 
pliment in the close of your letter, &c. 

Your most affectionate friend & obliged humble servant, 

G. Burton, 

CXLI. Samuel Gale, "for the Rev. Dr. Stukeley, at 
Stamford, Lincolnshire." — H. F. St. J. 

Saturday Morn., 11 a'dock. 
May 16, 1747. 
Dear Doctor, 

This comes to acquaint you that the great guns at the tower 
are just fired, <fc the royal standard is displaid, by order from the 
king, significing to the Duke of Montague that he had received 
an express from Admiral Anson & Warren, who were cruizing 
with our fleet off of Brest & fell in with the Brest squadron, whom 
they attacked, & have Uiken 5 India-men outward bound, & ten 
men of warr, 5000 prisoners, ic a million iV: half of money sterling, 
Si our fleet were in pursuit of several merchant ships separated 
from this convoy. Thus is the naval strength of France at last 
broke by the bravery of the two above mentioned English heroes, 
& so I heartily congratulate you u|K>n this glorious news, the 
good effects of which we shall every djiy mon* &. more perceive. 
We are all gott again into high spirits, &, begin to bid defiance 
to the French messieurs. 

Ycstcrdav I went in <;reat state in a coach k four carlv in the 
morning to visit the Duke of ChandoisV noble ])alace at Canons,^ 
which, alas ! is now to be sold jmrely to Ik? demolished for tlie 
sake of (he beautifull materials. The axiifice has already suffered 
for want of its lord, &> with him quite upon the declinci methinka 

' This splendid nuniion, which had cost the duke £290,000 wm told three 
yean after his death for A 1 1,000, in 1747. Not a vestige of it is left, but Whit- 
church, the chapel, which wan constructed a|iart fmni the mansion, and is now 
the parish church of the Tillage of Edgeware. Handel was organist here from 
171S to 1721.--SCC ikIUBleker'B Life p/ Handel, \k 60. 

3SK) MIKCKLLANCOt'S «*()KllE3tl*<>SI>eNCC. 

1 MN* va.*«t Iiavock anioiipit vaACH, fitatu<*ft, M»m«* nf which ars 
alrvatly fallen U> tho ^^urul, tho trariii;! ilown the fiiit* |aiiiini 
oeilin^!«« tho work a of Iii»;ruerro, tho nul>lo Miicktis, «& Riding*, 
which must Im» nil i*ruitihl«*«l into rouunon niortar« A: in a f«-w 
davA flutt*«l niarhlf lonir (Nilumna, buAt4M, |»irtun-«, &, well eanrod 
niarhlc rhiuinry pitve-t, will Ik* all (li!%ii|KiU*<I to tin* 4 <]iiarter« (if 
tlu* is^irantl ; tho t*li:i|it*l, I lN»lii*vr, will Im» la^t <ifMnn'iil. Alsui! 
I lament tho fate of the ^loriotm |»aint«*4l window <i' with Mrred 
•tory richely di^ht«*, eantin^ a dim n*lipou« li/lit«*, A the well 
tuned or^an now utruek dumh. A melanrlii>ly refli'<*tion on 
tlioiie ohj<t*tH exeit«*d ii« t'l |ierform the last ofti(<e% in thi^ f»ai*reil 
sclifieo ; ae«*iinlin::Iv twu of iiiv frritid^. otir «M>iiie time «ince 
renident in Italy A: Ht»nie, i^un^ 2 |»^lniA A an :iiitliem nett tu 
muHick, & I a!k*ende<l the |»ul|iit, \ made an i-\t«-m|M>re nermon 
|>n»|ior tu the andioniv in French, whieh the\ »ay wan pronounced 
with a pNHl voice, ener;;y, «1 U-eoininj; art ion. At my ;;«>iD;; 
out the Sacrifttan thanketl ino fur my fine discuurae, kc Bat 

The litnrif aitifice lo iwcaU ciifn|>Uin« 

TliAt nftbini; thcrv b«t cmpcj •ilracr rrifnca. 

Siieh in the Mui %-ieiMitude of human f;randeur. Half a 
contur}* han Mvn a ^ri'at oiitnte raiM>ii \ ntluretl to nothin;*. 
\Vi«khin^ you |iro*>|NTity A health, A :dl vfiur family, with Mra. 
I'uilin^t4»n*s renjMH'tM, I am, di*ar Sir, 

Your alt'«'Ctionate freitki A very huniMe M'nant, 

& GaLB. 
Dr. Ducarcl aend^ ^nx-tin;;. 

CXLII. The Hi:v. Dr. Stikklky '•!•• Samifl Gale, Eag., 
Anis(ii>«>N*i« C<»rM.i. IIklm:, IIulbokn, Ia>m»on." — 
H. F. St. .1. 

Stamtoni, 12 June, 1747. 

D«*ar«ikt Sir, 

I rwoiveii vmir Mhliirin^ letter, whieli ;ra^c mc ;:reat joy oa 
account of Adiiiir.ii An««in*^ mm \ii*tiir\ itMiiin:: "<> M-aMinaU%' to 
keep up a rrnieiiiliran<-«- nf our tin«v InMUf* maMem of that eIraiMit, 

* t>utliry ('•■u t» \l«rj 'ril ank* M V navf Ihr si* nr^l i? a»a nf iLa «Hl 
«iiidu« i>f |i« r«uku|>fi-T«r<«l. It !■ mau^ w be Ik |iArt «J llcftiok 
■anakip. aail u* have w i f ms Caaaum TarL 


& as an encouragement to our sailors whose spirits were dampt 
through the cowardice & perfidy of our commanders. 

Your account of the Duke of Chandois's house was a perfect 
tragi-comedy, & your peroration from the pulpit drew tears from 
the nodding marble pillasters, from the painted figures on the 
ceiling. When our nobility are become so wicked as to cast off 
all religion, we expect they will in turns become thus forlorn, 
cast out of the hand of providence, who raised 'em to dignity on 
purpose to set good examples to the world. Their light ought to 
shine that are set in conspicuous places. 

Your letter entertained also our club at West Deeping, 3 
miles off, where once a week I ride down our charming meadows 
to a good dinner & good company. I was at Spalding t'other 
day with Maurice Johnson. 

But when the seats of the jirime nobility, & their splendid 
chapels witli painted storys richly dight, are thus leveled, it 
behoves us to build against them. So I am now busy in making 
your sister the temple of Flora, where she is to put her numerous 
pots of elegant curiositys in nature. 

The work is gothic, that suits the place best Four demi- 
columns stand in the front. It faces the rising sun. The statue 
of Flora in pure statunr}' marble, as big as life, which the Duke 
of Montagu gave me, is placed before it. Over the entrance is 
pinacle work, foliage work, &c., proper, & coats of arms. Two 
folding door8, 8 feet high, turn back on each side, &, let in the 
air. The building is theatrical, upon steps of Eetton stone for 
the pots of flowers to stand on, some 5 steps one above another, 
some fewer. The walls are of brick, built together in niche arch. 
Above the flowers are golden boys supporting 2 spandrils of the 

Before you, a nich with a gilt statue of Venus de Medicis, 2 
foot high. Several bustos, & other curiositys, in proper places. 

Toward the south is a pointed window composed of painted 
glass, of figures, & coatJ< of arms, inscriptions, kc St. Laurence 
with the gridiron ; S. Kyniburga, Abbess of Caster near us, wife 
to King Peada, first christian king of Mercia ; they built Ticken- 
cote church, Peterborough cathedral; King Alkfrid, who lived 
in our castle, to whom St Wilfrid was chaplain. 



The roof is supported by 8 upandriU, wbirb bemr up a cupuU 
open at top. Above it my dumb bell, wbicb I ring evrry mom- 
iDg, a moat agrcable ezerciw. 

One of your acquaintance, Wilson by name, now Iiv4*a at 
Tbomey, atewanl to tlie Duke of Bedford. 

We are all pIcaAcd witb tlio rei*olution of <*3illin^ a nri» parlia- 
ment Our Earl of Ex[et4T] haji bought lionl Sumfoni't maniior 
hare ; to we never more can have a cooteated electit>n t«> break our 
peace 4 neighborhood. My aenrice waits on Dr. Ducari'l. 

In my Temple of Flora I placed this inscription : 



My wife Si I earnestly desire you would ci>me to tbe ctm 
oration of tlio temple. S({uin? Burrel i% i*ir«*ciilin;:ly ill, no I 
than mad, i, Mr. Itedman ntui>t nei^enMiriiy \m* tin* new si|uirr. 
William Gale in jii«t amu* fn>ni Si*ruton ; H«>;^*r, M*ni«>r, i% ill. 
Biabop Tom han quarrclknl with *eni all, k Hon*t com<- nrar *ein. 

I had a curious loltrr today from Mr. Bertram, prufoMor of 
the English tongur in the marine ai^adcniy at < u|«-nliagen, 
inquiring about my iMMikn which lit* waotinl. I h«t|i(^l before 
now to have sent to Dr. DucarrI the 3 prints he Hants for M<»n« 
sienr (*hampigny. Wv ha«i a ntlling pn*»« at Wi-^t I>«'«'piii|tf 
but the man i« ^f»ne auay. I uiil f*ci them :■« Mmii .i« I raiL 
I am, your afftx*ti<>natr brottHT d humble MT\4nt, 

W. Stckclrt. 

CZLIII. The Ri:v. (r. Brim»\ '*t^»tiic Rkv. Dr. STtKKLBT.** 
— H. F. St. .1. 

Elden. 17 July, 1747. 

• •••• • • • 

I cfto aaaure yua Parkina's toaat t vinegar b not wortb giml 


sugar to make it palatable. He is a designingy wicked, & faith- 
less wretch, & for your comfort I must tell you I have extended 
my ears on this occasion to such a degree that they are well nigh 
as long as those of a certain silly four-legged animal which shall 
be nameless, on purpose to hear what even his own friends would 
say of him ; & to show what a despicable wretch he is become, 
his fellow labourer Blomf [iel]d* lately told a particular friend of 
mine that he had seen his answer, which had not so much as one 
argument through the whole book, but consisted of a heap of 
absurdities, & token all together it was a masterpiece of scurrility. 
This was the sum of what Blomf[iel]d himself told my friend. 
I could not have wished my friend a compleater victory, nor can 
you wonder after this that he should go on. 

PngDAiitia ■ecnm 

Frontibns adrenis componere. 

I think your situation is better than could have been expected, 
(if your old friend Warburton is to be credited), that a state of 
authorship is a state of war, for you have fairly laid your anta- 
gonist on his back, & have nothing left to do but laugh at the 
poor unweildy creature, while he is sweating & kicking to rise, 
i much more at his im|X)tence & vanity when he is once fixed 
upon his legs again. As to the Doctor's Commons I think it too 
polite a place for him ; Billingsgate would be more suitable to 
his genius, & some of the veterans of that regiment would |)ay 
him in kind. I have a scheme in my head which I think will 
sufticiently mortify him : when he returns my book I lent him, 
I intend to send him a letter wrote in the first page of a blank 
paper l>ook to accuse him of his ill manners to you & me, & to 
let him know, as he has troubled the world with a second piece 
of his good breeding, I have sent him a blank paper IxHik to 
write his rcK^antation, which if he does not, I shall look u|)on 
him, as all the world does, as neither a disputant, a gentleman, 
nor a divine. But enough of this scurrilous subject 

I am, &c.| 


* FninciM Blomcficld. rector of Fcratleld, Xorfolk, befn^n to print a Hiiitory 
of Norfolk ill 173U, bat died before the completion of the third volune. This 
Yolumc Charles Parkjru cumplcted. 

39ft MnCBLLANK«»rft 0>HHESir<>yDBNCB. 

CXLIV. Thk Uev. Dr. Stukklky **to Samuel Oalk, Eig., 


H. F. St. J. 

Sumfordy 4 Jan., ITil^S. 

Dearest Sir, 

I^imt ni^ht 1 M-nt vuu a filiea«anteM killed on Silurdav, 

carria^* luitl, k I think I i-aii now ti*ll voii tlint I am dolprmincd 

to aoco|»t of in J ^n-at p.'itrtin\ f.ivt>r, &, beooma a citiieo a^n, 

Sl probably lor lift*. Mv wilt* inti«-<Hl in banlly to be brou)(bt to 

come, with nny Mirt ot' ^hv, ^ 1 wiUi you to write to her to 

aucoura^^e her. I own it i% lull Lit«* in hfe, but I think I cannot 

with any tolerabh* il«*c«*ni*y rijri-t mi p*n«*rouii & uniK>u;*ht for an 

oflfcr. Though I h.ivo here an extremely pretty place, jrH in 

reality we that have Uvn umhI to learned & |K>lite society enjoy 

but a vita moriua^ \ Co wiry *• inicription which I put up in the 

temple ol Flora i* literally true. \Vc ou;rht to consider ourselves 

ns dead walkers covered w ith flowt* r;*. 

We b:ive really not ih<* hx^t <x)m|»any here, nor near hare. 

Tour friend lied man i« sti meaulv clad tluit be does not care to 

come a visiting; ; his nephew in ktill in a most wretched way. I 

sliall brini; you a vast 4*ar;!o of paintctl ;;laa^ Order George to 

send the tlica, A. »hm*f»y iVc, tor yi>ur sinter wanti *em. We 

drank vour hcalili on Sl. ThuitiaA** ; k with wifkhes of manr 

happy iie%v ycarf», K my wilr*« love to you, I ht»pe to sor t»u in 

the b«*^iining of Fcbruar\, A am, 

Your art«x*titinatt' brother 4 serrant, 

W. Stukblit. 

CXLV. Thk Rkv. Pn. Stikkut "t»» I)k. Ttbon, Limb 
Strkkt.'— H. F. St. .1. 

St. (leor^re ^ Queen S|uarr, 29 Mar., 1748. 
Mr. Prmident, 

I wAH willin;: to withdraw \v**\\\ tin* t oinitia, that I ini|;ht 
not take up your timr in il« liat« • that rclaleii \wi to the boMnese 
in hand, but I am %cry far tnun U'iti;; willin;; to pve Up my 
ri(;hl» iif b(*in^ a frilow of thr lolli-;;!-, JL my freehold, to wbidi 
I am thereby intiikd. I was Rurphxcd a littla that tlM 


part of the college had forgot that in the year 1742, this matter 
was debated, the statutes read, & I assisted at the Coinitia Majora, 
& ballotted, among the rest of the fellows, for the choice of officers 
& other business. 

The college diploma, which I have now in my hand, tells me 
I am to enjoy usum ac/ructum omnium commodiiatumj libertatumj 
ac priveUgiarumj quce collegio naatro auctaritate Reffis ei Parliamenti 
jam conc^ssa sunt^ et in futurum caticedenda. My entring into 
holy orders does by no means quash this grant The founder of 
our college, the great Linacre, thought it no disgrace to bis 
former honors to do so, & others the like of this learned body. 
Providence has again, without my seeking, brought me to the 
metropolis, where probably I shall spend the remainder of my 
life. Whether the statutes mean any favor to me, that I am not 
to be summoned to the Comitia, I know not ; but if I know any- 
thing of the construction of common latin, of common law, com- 
mon sense, or manners, I am not thereby hindered from being 
collega, & if I be a collega, I have a right to be present at all 
college meetings, where our common interests are concerned, 
whether I be summoned or no. 

I intend, Mr. President, to a])penr at the college as often as I 
judg convenient, & I know some of the fellows will be pleaded to 
see ine there. I have not done anything to forfeit the good will 
of any that belongs to that illustrious body ; therefore I have a 
pleasure in doing it, &, of meriting the favor of those to whom I 
am yet a stranger, but particularly I am, Mr. President, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 

W. Stukelet. 

CXLVl. CiiAULEs Gray "to the Rev. Dr. Stukeley." — 

H. F. St. J. 

Colchester, 28 Ap., 1749. 
Dear Sir, 

U|x)n my return borne on Saturday last I found your kind 
& verj- agreeable letter, which gives me an account of your own 
health k tranquility, of which I most heartily wish you a long k 
happy continuance, for the sake of yourself, your friends, & our 


country. Your liringtn^ iiu* % littlo mor«* aoquaiDlfd with honatl 
Itirbanl of We.HtinifiHter driven mo a vi*ry fuirtirular plrMure, but 
Hot.s mv wi^ll<^ a littlr inon* eacrrlv to work Ut have him wholly 
intnKluc«'<l to ua l>y your ai)l<^ Al lionevolent hand. In timoi of 
murh grcat4*r litnitlicitj than those we live in, Richard himidf 
found it |>n>|>er to a|M»|oj;izi* for his work, k the roume of his 
iitudioii. You MN*in likcwim* to iuvnitate a little ufmn giving him 
a froah a|>|)carance in the world. All the ill-reccptioo that waa 
tlien, or can now )»e, ap|ireliond4Hi, nniM Im* fn)m the two estreami 
about religion. At that tiute n gro!%A fiu|M*rAtition clouded religion 
itaelf & diAc*oura;rc<l all other l«*aniiiig. At this, a contempt fur 
religion driven out from the gi*ni*raJ attention almost everrthiog 
that*s truly worth regard. In then* any thing more entertaining 
or more uM*ful tlian to know the real state of human nature in 
the several ngos that are [«st ? Is there any methcKl so good or 
so i*«*rtain by which to avail ourM*lve% of what made them ha|ipy 
in M>ine |N*ri(MU, ^ to avoid what Iiaa been attcndtnl with constant 
k in«'vitable ruin in otliem? And how i% ihi^ to be come at but 
by ^cnuiur history? What lii^torieft are rraliy genuine, k what 
not, arc made out by iIm* giMMl critic A: learneil antif|Uary, by 
whom art* likcwiAi* «>up|>lieil tli<»M* rhaMu^ \ drfivtn in historv 
mhirli tlir lo^ oflMMik^ A thr \ it>leiK'e<» of |articular times liav« 

Tliou;;li the world i^ now *ituffi*ii with immen^* load* of taut- 
ology, A licap^ of nnintcrf<%tin;; \ in^ignifiiant matter n4ating to 
e«4*r\ rtiiintr\ iiiNin earth, vrt thi*\ miMt Im* very Muall dablers 
in tilt nal know|f*«|;:r of timen iiaM %%|i«t an* not |iertivtlv sensible 
li4»M Miiit-li \%v f.dl <«liort ot i'^iinjilrat .ic*ciiiiiit« of tlh^e thing* that 
Would U- mM«t %aluali|i* A in^trut tiv«*. TIh* iil<*rv of Home it««lf. 
Iroiii tlir d4\ « «it An;;u«tu^« i« oiilx to U* pirknl up from liltle 
«crap« A rpitonir*. Tlic ;;n-at artion^ nt' Ni*r\a iire f«\eral of 
tliem utterly unknown, Uit liv liint« i»ii th«' n*%er»es of nw^lak. 
lli<» •>iippl\in^ tlic iM^iph* with oirn in a tiiiir of •carcit\ is 
a n'niark:ibh' i*nr ot' tluit Hirt. II i« rrmtsikion of taxes upon 
carriag«*« may In* another. \VlM»n shall wt* i«e a medal with 
Vrliiculati<inc Kritannia* n*mi»^? A lieautiful medal in middle 
bra«^ wa« vrr\ latrlv fouiHl lM*n- of this eni|N*ror in his 3d 
suUtc. On tlie reverse it Nc|)tune| with thia ii 


Neptimo Circensibus Constitutis.* I don't yet find this in any of 
the books, nor do any of the fragments of his history, that I aiu 
at present acquainted with, tell us of any naval victory or expe- 
dition that was the occasion of the institution of these games, 
though undoubtedly some such one there was, for this great & 
worthy prince did not strike medals in the manner that some 
have done before & since his time. 

The Roman Britiin, from the reign of Claudius to the utter 
decay of the empire, would make a figure were there but 
materials, but you very well know how scanty they are. And I 
ho])e the world will soon know how handsome a supply you will 
contribute to tliem, by ushering in the good & learned monk with 
his Roman captain. 

When we see the splendor & number of our cities & towns as 
they describe them, may it inspire the thinking part of the 
Brittish people to encourage true religion, morality, liberty, 
industry, & commerce, by which means our cities may become 
more numerous, & everything truly desireable ibr the happiness 
of mankind may be promoted ; 6i all history informs us that by 
those means only this felicity can be procured, whereas if the 
contraries continue to prevail, as sure as storms & thunder suc- 
ceed a parching drought so surely will this nation fall into all 
the dregs of misery & devastation. 

While some such nrood men as you are left I will never 
despair, & heartily wishing their k your welfare, I remain, very 
faithfully, dear Sir, 

Your obedient humble Servant, 

Cha. Grat.^ 

* The coin of Kcnra here deiicribe<l, with keptuxo ciRcnmiBUB ooxsn- 
TUTlt, WM probably a forgcrj. No such genuine coin ia known. — J. Evana. 

* Charles Qraj, M.P. for Colchester, in a letter to Dr. Z. Oraj, on the poa* 
■ibilitj of their belonging originally to the sane family, informed him that 
** mj great-grandfather lived at or near Wellingboniugh, Xorthants, and had 
several sons. The eldest (from whom I am descended), married a daoghcer of 
Sir E. Pejton*s brother, of Warwickshire, bj which alliance I am now bwmm^ 
the nearest nlatud to that good familv.**— ^IrA^*^ Jieii^. OaUmm^ Ka IL, 
Part II., 172. 


CXLVil. The Uew O. Burton to the Rkv. Dr. Stukblbt. 

H. F. St. J. 

Eliloii, Jan. 9, 1749-50. 

I am ;;la<l I havo mndo no uncharitable mnj<H*tare with 
rcgnni to tlii!«n«*w-rnn^l(«il litany. Dut I nm nofrirnd to innova- 
tions unit*?!*' it i<t to r«Hluc«* tli«* numlicr [of] (ii<uu>nt<»rA to the model 
of thr rhurrli, (*on!«iMt*nt with tho |)ri*«ent plan, which, if tlier 
will not do Ml, I am tnlly |N'r!(uailc«i thrir M'ni|»lc* an* of the 
mali;:riant M»rt, A c:ilcul.iteil rather to witirn hre:iche« tlian to 
cIoM* th«*ni. I am M»rry to hear you liimdon clcr^'V lia«e liern 
attack(*«l oil the M*on* of the land tax. I am afraid, now tber 
find you alM»\c th«Mr n*.irh, we [hwt country' par^mn will lierome 
Uic ohjeot of ttM*ir *»|»U*en. But for my own |)art, I shall wonder 
at notliin;; that i» :ittt*m|>t4*d in support of im*li;;ion k lilirrtiniMn 
in an a^^* ii hen n'li;;ion is become tlie iieofT of the i!mit, k iU 
followers are c\ery day reprfnenteil as a puhlick |ieat to aocietr. 
I am fvlad to hear Middlcton has the a.4umran<v to attack a Sber- 
l<M*k. I hav«* known an imprudent man put out of oountenanee 
k lM*at down hy the force (»f ar;:ument. I ho|ie such will lie tlie 
end of the all-«uflicicnt Middh*t4in. He who has lump«*«i aixtffen 
ccntnrie* <»f* martyrs, historians, k fathers of tlie chun*h toijether, 
k pniclaimid tliriii lyars. traitor*, & what not, by his own sin^k 
fiat, mu«l Im» akin to your old antA;:i»nist (*harU*« Parkyns, k be 
himself his own n*s|Mind<*nt. 

I am, ke.^ 

it, Bcktos. 

rXLVIII. Thk Hkv. (f. Ih iin»N to the He\. Dm. Stikelet. 

II. K. St. J. 

Elili-n, Jan. 20, 1749-541. 

• • • ••••• 

I sup|>o«<* you are mighty bu*y in Li»niion alwut tliia nrw 
iilan of tin* n*formatioii of tin* Liliir;5\. I wi«h tliev wImi are so 
•triiiuou^ r*r .1 nrw hik* lin not w.iiit intirrN u» j^vX ri«l of ibe ukl 
one, k are iHit f«>r intnuiurin;; «»ni* infinitely womr in tlie 


Innovations in religion at this time of the dny are much to be 
dreaded, when I doubt it will be foimd we have too great an 
inclination to throw off all restraints of religion, rather than 
purify & raise it after the primitive plan. I cannot help sa<- 
pecting every attempt towards a reformation in these days of 
de<jenerncy, & especially after the late pretended sanctity of 
methodism in its infancy, & its insolence when it began to gain 
ground. However honest the pretentions of these authors of 
the comprehension may be, I fear if any progress bo made in it, 
it will only open a way to some crafty seducer to make liavock 
with the church. I am informed your diocesan is against it. I 
look upon him to be one who can see as far into the springs, 
motions, & event of any scheme, as any wise projector of them 
all. However, I should be plad to know the sentiments of the 
learned in your part*', & particularly your own sentiments, about 
it I have seen only one peice u|)on it, the History of the 
Conunon Prayer about it ; who is the author of it 1 know not. 
He seems to have taken great pains to make us believe he is an 
honest man. He may be so. But I think he forgets himst^if in 
some parts of his performance, & confirm ^j t!ie old obser\'ation, 
humanum est errare. 

I am, &c., 

G. BURT<>N. 

CXLIX. Thk Kkv. G. Burton "to the Rev. Dr. Stukelev, 
Rector of St. George's, Queen Square, Holborn." — 
H. F. St. J. 

Elden, April 20th, 1750. 

Dear Doctor, 

• •••••• 

I have don<» myself the pleasure of writin": two letters to you 
since the rc^oeipt of your last, ^ add this in somr mt^asure to eon- 
gnitulate you upon a new addition i»f htmour, & what I am 
persuaded gives you an high pleasure, tliat of l)ein;: chosen of 
the Privy Council of the Royal Society. • 

I still go on collecting coins, & wliat with tin* lilierality of my 
friends, & my situation, I liavc pickcnl up a vast nunilnT of tliem. 

4<K) MISrBLLANROI'H (X)ltRI»|-0!CDCycB. 

I ti«iw k th(*n li^lit of a %*:ilii:il»ltf one, &, am ^n^itly |»lpasM^I with 
niHUiin;; tln-M* v:ilii:if)l«* iiioiiiiinriitH ofniiliritiitv mit oftlif IiaihIi 
of nif!i:in*>. It' vimi r«*ini>inlN*r !M»inf time aszn I «%ri>tr \<iii Hnrd 
I liail M'lit a li-tttT ti) nii«* Sir Aiiiirrw, a ntito«l aiitii{iinnaii itfth^ 
o>unty of Nortiilk, irlatin;; to my t'.imoii^ |iaiiitin::' (»f Kran«*iii 
Flori*i. I well rriiii*ti:lH-r \our 4*\|»n*^«i«»ii ua^ tti«* Kni;;liC will 
cLoii*«4* Villi. So lio IkkI, liaii I rrlit-d \i\>itu liim, for li<* lia« madr 
it liiH liii<«iiH*?tH til iliiTv it xxlu*r«*\t*r li«* l):i« Imtii. nii |iiir]»iiM.* tu 
fivi it liiiiiM*ir. Hut I liavf i>it liim liy |iiittiii^ it iiiti> ^-it'r haii<is 
A I U'lifVr I <»li:ill iKiw liaxr tin* rt'al \:\\w <it it. * * * 

|t«*lif\f llir, dviW iKiitnr, 

Ymir i»lili;:iil fri<*ii<l A nlMilii-nt MT*'ant, 

CL. The Kkv. Du. Siikklky to Mk. ('<ii.lim»s.— II. F. St. J. 

28 Jiuir, 1750. 

I am o1>li;;tHi tn mv conntrvman, MaHM'V, fur lii<> oliMTii'm- 
CioiM <»ii my |i.iiii|ililtt nil r >rthi|iiak<*4. I lia\«* oiilv timr tu 
ri'iiinrk ii)Miii (111 II) I woiilil li:iv«- r\i>ry UmIv .lUniii'l in ibvir 
i»wn M'iitiiiii'iit«, vi t I (liiiik vim«' of lii« ilitfiiMiItxn mav l« 
rrm<i\i*<l. T)m- uiII "ti Ijiit'tilii ii«-atli prnvi « hm |H'«itiiiii, tlial 
GimI .\iiiiiL'lit> 111* 111. nil- ill*' )ii)HH lit' «|iriii:;« «\ tuiiiit.'iiii* like 
iiur v« 111^ iV :iiti*i\«, »V ( tli<'\ an- till«-«l %%i(ii uadr. tint %killi 

Whrii an «Mrtiii|ii.iki\ in (In- (l.iyn ttf Tr/iali, »|ilil a mmintain 
ill tMo oil till' Ml •»( lit .lrrn«:il«-m. i( mnx «V oiiL'lit to Ih* miIv^I bv 
i*lflN*trM*it\ , %%lii4li :i< (<* in<'«t <fii «iilii| IhnIx «. 1mi( i%iii<U athl va|Mir« 
c.iniiiit do it- Tii.i( ii (r.i\.iili«i 4 tiiriiiii;;^ I ii<i mon* lit*lic%'r 
than till- •itt*r\ i>( M.iii-lax lull. llii* \allfl'V« iiihIit tin- HalUuf 

* \llu«iiiA !■ mA<lr !•! i-uturr in • '.rtt»T t.i !»• Muki IrT. ilatc«l Jm\f 
I7lb. «T47 * *".? All ir« « K ui.!aii.> l.ju »«!• ti.« f uitr k i» mmrli p'rai<i| 
with It I wM lu'-kilj a' -ri.t ft rii li ni< \>y mU\rt, I Kavr l>rn iLr U Iter aUr 
tti tl:«> intii hi« •T'liimi 'iia llr tA kp<( ^imrihinp of • l.ui i1rp«l |ai«nil wlkirk 
br |li>ufl.t It ■■•rtr !(• I r ■■•>-uii<«*1 i! I- i< '^•^••ai.tii 4 tLr g»vrn t^f ^lirl^ 
whu'ii I prrvuiiir dr ).*• a» iii-ith ria*>n f>-r mM Tarkl f Ji- Ka* f«i« »«• af ifif thai 
tK« akull whirl* m%» .lu^* uji iti thr t»rari>rj •! |t>««lfii i« a ■«■'». BoCvilk* 
rtAAttiBg be ha* init with rra^ifial'lc ri>ii«irfi->ii tn thr o^iirmrj." 


Jerusalem are not a quarter of a ftirlong distant anywhere from 
the walls of the city. It would easily stop up the highway & 
cover the king's garden with only tumbling down the hill. 

He thinks the reason of great citys being obnoxious is owing 
to the vapors more pent up there than in open plains. I think 
in gre;it citys there is much likelihood of their having a freer 
vent, where there is so much digging & subterraneous canals — 
but how are vapoi*s to act so by consent as to attack a dozen 
citys at a time far distant ? 

He thinks if earthquakes were owing to electricity, that it 
ought to be communicated to us, as in electrical experiments ; & 
assuredly it was so to people innumerable. A lady in my parish 
dyed of it, & some more. 

I agree with him in charitable sentiments of the city of 
London, yet how much need have we of monitions, terrestrial & 
celestial ? Ingenuous minds are urged more from principles of 
love, gratitude, & esteem ; but where we have one of that 
temper, I fear we have a thousand to be moved only by the 
terrors of the Lord, & how few of that number so effectually 
moved as to amend their lives ! 

We have had manv accounts since at the Royal Society of 
earthquakes ; all strongly evidence the truth of my hypothesis, 
but nevertheless 'tis a plesusurc to me that any one enjoys his 
own sentiments in thinking differently. 

Wm. Stukeley. 

Ma8S4*y printed his paper in the Gentleman's Magazine, 
Aug., 1751 — a thing of no strength! 

CLI. J. ArsTiN " TO THE Kev. Dr. Stukeley, Rector of St. 
George's, Quern Square, Westminster." — H. F. St. J. 

Peterborough, 80 April, 1751. 
Dear Sir, 

The real reason why you have not sooner received mine 
& the Society's thanks for your kind communications. & the 
presents accompanying yours of the 8th of February, is, that 
Capt. Wyldbore, who is ofiner at Stamford UiaD herci never 

4U2 lllMrRIXANKOirh (XlHHChroilbKycR. 

dolivorv«l thoiii till alxiut a w<H*k a;:ii, when huiM*nrM accaclenully 
called me to th«*ir Iioum* ; hv tli«*ii tul«l int* he Lad pit a parcell 
fur ma from Dr. Stukflcy, S: ankt my pardon for kc«*|>iD;; it ao 
long, but that it ijiiiti* went out of liin head. I prisM'tit^d yoar 
liook with till* lifkt of the Idival Society, for which you have thm 
Sociotv*8 thanka. 

We oliai*n'e an account m the pa|ierB taut we«*k ttf the rfleoU 
of electricity u|M)n the dumb. I have lately received nn e&traur- 
dinary an acvount whieh h.i|»)M*neil to an old wui»nian at •^utlon, 
near Waimford, in thi.i nei^hhourlMmd, rehitetl to me by Mr. 
Ward, ono of nur niinur eanoni^, &, the biiiho|)*<« curate f«ir that 
hamlet \, Sutti»n, whirh Mjuaren well with yt»ur aocount of the 
cause of earthtjuaken. TliiA old woman is near M), had been ao 
deaf for about twi> yvrnti^ la At |>aAt, an not to be able to kc^r 
without bawling very loud to her ; but on Sunday, the 30tb of 
September, in the morning, waa surprized ahe could hear ao 
well — waa at church, A. heani as perfectly a« ahe did SO jtmn 
before. It wan rc|M>rt4Hl that the nhock which liappened thai 
day, about halt'-an-hour after 12, waa the caiiic of it, k that 
then«on ilie wan infant a ne^tuHly restored to her hearing; ; but oo 
Mr. WanKft inquiry into that |iarticular, ^he told him abe 
thought h«T hearin;; wan reiiiored alwiut lO in the morning, for 
iilie c«>uld hear pn*tt\ well at rliun-h, but had not lieanl before 
that day t'nr twn \ear>, d* iihe continue^ to hear now Tery 
diitinctly. 1 couM U* glad ol yuur thought*, with thoar of voor 
ingenious friend*^, i^hetliiT *ti<« pmliable thin oM wnem^n could 
hv atlectol by aii\ < Itvtricity nr elertnoal vihrationi in tbe air 
lH*f(»r«' the ikho(*k m:i^ felt. «ir t«» what cauiw* vtiu aacrilie tbia 
audJ«*n change in lii-r, who am, MJth my i-oniplinientii to the 
ladiea, Sir, 

Ydur mo< i»bedirnt nenranL, 

J. AraTi!^. 

I iMa» one afteriit'on to wait n|Min vnu w|M*n laM in town^ A 
lifiiuii^^l Mi«<« Stiiki'lev t«i ill* iu\M*lf the plca^un* of brrakfaai* 
ing witli you the next nuiniing, but I wnii ao Tcry full of buiao 
nv%B I ne\er ihiuM ct>m|iaAfi the intrr^-iew 1 wiaiird niuck fer, 
whiUt 1 Maifl III town. I d(»n*t prrtend to |m»fe«a niTaelf ao 
grt'at an ade|»t in aiiti(|uityi an tu diacoTer anything Dmidioal 


near Eye, but I don't see why the remains of mounds, fosses, 
&c, should not favour such a conjecture, as the Abbys of St. 
Peter, Croyland, Spalding, Thomey, Ac have been erected so 
near 'em. But my notion of that antient set of gentry always 
was, that they would pitch upon more agreeable & healthful! 
situations to build their temples on. 

The alteration about the old woeman I have made on com- 
municating this to Mr. Ward, who says she is now perfectly 
well, but desires his name may not be mentioned. 

CLII. The Revd. G. Burton "to the Revo. Dr. Stuke- 
LEY."— H. F. St. J. 

Eldcn, June 1st, 1752. 

Dear Doctor, 

• ••••• 

I lately saw our friend Tom Martin, who tells me he has 
about thirty Carausius's which he will either give you in 
London, or send them to me in order for my conve\nng them to 
you for your perusal. * * * I am glad to hear of 

your old friend Mr. Warburton & you renewing your old 
acquaintance. His ghost surely appears very brilliamt in his 
elysian stite, but by the representation you have given me of 
him in yours, he has undoubtedly left one half of himself behind 
in his primitive state ; for the character of a philosopher k a 
petit maitre are inconsistent. Can a philosopher admit of a 
whalebone rib, &, dance to the airs of a waxen baby ? Is this a 
fit man to satirize the world ? But hold ! 1 forijet that even 
Pope was afraid of him. Well, inter nos, I am afraid his rib is 
the better half of him. To her I leave him for penance, since 
he has for so many years forgotten that you i<: he have been to- 
gether in the same world, & you had a right to his earlier 
remembrances of vou. 1 dare sav you dons envy him; 1 know 

not who would that forms a true estimate of human life. 

• ••• *•••• 

I have picked up a few more Carausius^s, but all of the com- 
mon sort Enclosed I have sent you the draught of a seal that 
has just fallen into my hands, & I take to be a very great onrio- 

404 MI.H4*eLLANK(tr.'% OtllUllAl-oSliCSCK. 

■ityy bolon;;iii;; U> wiiiic of our quon<laiii n*li;'ioii<» iiri^hlnMirft. It 
seeitiK to liave btH>n oxtr(*atnly w«*|| |>ri*M?rvcHl, evvry U'itrr U'iii^^ 
|)err«*ct ; it in of l>oll iiiotal. Tin* m^aIh tliriiiM*lvr4 an* niuml, 
the handio hrxa^onnl. It wha foiiiul Uy ^iiio tunii|i tioii^'hi^ri 
in nrHiidon Fiold, alHiiU 4 mi Irs north-wiM of in«\ * * 

Y*»iir!i atrtt*tionat4*lv and Mnivn-lv, 

(r. BrkT«iS. 
P.S. If vou tiHHfi Tom Martin claim llie < *armnMii<»'> in niv 
naim*. I deniru your opinion of tlio encl(»M>l Mral, a« likfwiM* of 
the datt* uf it. 

C'Lili. Thk Kkvi». if. BiKTits "Tti thk Uk\i». Dil Sti-kk- 

LKT.' — H. F. St. d. 

'flirt ford, Muy .*!, 1753. 

• ••••• 

I thank you for your iiitrlii;;i'nd\ l)ut int«*r«**t i« Mirh 4 prrvail- 
inj^ princi|ilr within tho ^mnd of Htiw ln-ll, A infidelity «o 
fafthionmlde a vii*o flM-wlK'n*. that I am ufraiil vrv |i»n^ it will 
crrcp into our i^»untry \illa;;f«. and thrn him* Im* tn u^ parn^na. 
For our ruKticH, if they cmu hut onn* |H.TMuii«* thc*m^*lvf^ wi* jre 
UM*l«*!M ni<*ndM*p« uf tli«> roiiiitiunitv, n«» mi>rf tenth «h«*a\e^ A 
aliork*; hut from thai day ue -»lmll U* (■ur'^w^l A UTn-lt-tl lik«* 
polocata. 1 »m, ^r., (f. Btirr*)(. 

CLIV. The Hcvi». (J. Bckion -to thk Ki;\i». I)k. Stikr- 

I.KY, KCCTOK '»>• S. (fK<'ll«iE^, yi KtN SglAKE, HoL- 
BOl'RS." — II. F. St. d. 

Tlirlfonl. 31 ay .'>th, 1751. 

Dear I)oct«ir, 

• • • • 

1 have n«it U-en nnminillul nf \Miir iiiiun«*tii>n« tn iii«* aUfiit T«bui 

Murtiir^ ii»in^ tif (*arau«iti«, hut \iv i« rralU «•! %«r\ uiiMtMtlv 


that I i-anntit Ifll li<*w t«i i:i t tli«*iii. H*- a««uri^l int* tlie laM 
tame I naw hiui that In- mimiM «-.iII mii \iiu in l^iinhin.tV jiwr \uu 
four a>in«i tiiat in* tln-n had in lii« |nii-kel, Lut wbetlH-r thfV will 
ever rvai'li \tiu, th«* man m tin* iii«H'n. if llirrt* i« »ui'h a iiHHiarrb, 
kiiow» bi-tt«-r than 1 thi. I am ;:la«l t«i ln-ar \tiU nitrml to fiaaat 
ike puhlav with your CarauMU*. It will U* « n-ry UMrful aa wll 


as entertaining piece in the present age, when, I fear, in spite of 
all our professions of Christianity, the true spirit of it appears as 
glimmering as in the days of Carausius himself. ♦ ♦ 

I am glad to hear Bishop Barton is well. I have ordered a man 
to call on you who is travelling towards London as a haymaker. 
He was hostler at Cambridge ; his name is Richard Cliild, & has 
a stone that weighs four ]K)unds ten ounces & an half, which was 
taken out of the maw of a horse. As the fellow travels with it, 
& was coining to London, I thought it might be a curiosity 
worth exhibitinor to the Uoval Society, & therefore directed him 
to call on you to show it to you, especially as he told me he 
could procure a certificate of the reality of it from the gentr)' of 
the Walden Hunt. * ♦ ♦ 

Believe me, dear doctor. 

Your sincere friend & obedient servant, 

G. Burton. 

('LV. Francis Drake, M.D., "to the Revd. Dr. Stuke- 
LEY, IN Queen's Square, London." — H. F. St. J. 

York, July 15, 1753. 
Dear Sir, 

A call from home sooner than I expected obliged me to 

leave London very unmannerly, tic not see several friends, as well 

as yourself, In'fore my dt'parture. Since I received yours, I 

have turned over all my coins, but cannot find one Caniusius, or 

one Allectus, amongst them. 1 remeniber I sent the two last I 

had to Dr. Kennedy, to whom 1 have ffiven many before. I 

have also made en«juiiy of other eolUn'tors here. Si cannot meet 

with one for your pur|>ose. If Dr. Kennedy A: you have settled 

matters about the Lady OriuttHj I fancy you may Ix) supplied 

from him verv i>lentifnllv. When you have finished your Carau- 

sius, 1 should be glad to have your account of that hitherto 

obscure En)|HTor, as soon as ])ossiblc. I heartily wish more 

unity amongst our brethren, A: am, with great regard, Sifi 

Yours most trulyi 

Fr. Drake. 

Your old friend Oreyk lives in King's Street, St. Anne*s. the 

second door from the church comer. 

4(Xi MIS('F.I.LAVK«»t-S i-i>Kni»P«t\-fiKNCP^ 

('LVI. Prantis Drakr, M.I)., *'to tiik Revi>, Dr. Stukb- 
LET."— II. F. St. .1. 

Dear Sir, 

I havo, herewith, iiirliMod you my acoiiunt of the nculp- 
tiin* Munc I itif'iiti(in«'<I l:i!*t to you, in which i% inclu(lt*d your 
own ohM*r\ation u|M»n it, &, Honio rlaMiiral hint* of mine, relating 
to tht* initra 6i tiar^ uf the ancimtA. If you ploa«e, you may pr^ 
■ont it to tht* K.S. a<« it i», with wliat further remarks rou pIraM 
to add to iL I havr al^i M*nt a more a<Turat«* drawing of the 
Atom* tlian iM^fori'. li in a larger fU'ah*. 

I am TtTv Mirrv to fintl Uiat anv niniitter ihouffht dt-tem vt»a 
rn»m puhlii^hin^ Kich. WcMmiiiMer, & a5 a fni*nd I offt*r you the 
followin;; pro|iosal, t4i ohviat4> any obji^riion yt»u may have 
a;;ainMt it. I hvt* in the hoUM* with a pemun, who in Uith priiifrr 
Sl iNMikAeMer, i, frci* nf th«* hitter trade in liondon. He, I ha\e 
npoke to, t4> undertake thi* hu^inenii ; Ac, u|M»n uiy mtmimrnda* 
tion, he in willing; to print a rt*rtain numbiT oflMHikfi, at hit own 
ex|»en(«e, &, ti» i;i%'e you .ia many copiea an you can denire to pre- 
iient to your friendn. Ttie ^.-ile of tlie n*«t he will run the 
liaxz.ird on. If yf»n think thi«» article unrea^tinaMe, lie i'« willing 
to a:;n*i* with y«>u on :in\ other terniii you «hall |ini|io«e. Hi* 
tviN-^ A. h:ind4 are a** ;;imm| sa .nnv in Kn<;Untl ; A 1 kiHiw him 
M*h( eniiu;;h to print the MS. correiily, i-«|ierially wlien I am 
NO near him. 

Your anftwer to tlii«, at your leiMin*, ahall be attended to by, 
dear Sir, 

Vouni moi%i faithfullv, 

F. Drakk. 

ri.VII. The Hkvi». O. BrRTos ''t^i the Rkvp. Dr. Sti'kr- 
LET.'— H. F. St. .1. 

Thetfonl. Oit. 4th, 1753. 
IX*ar iKtctor, 

Our friend Mr. I^ift'n inotioni are rommonlr «■> »ndden 
thnt I (juention wtN*t)ier I •liall have m(»re than iuM a M;;ht of 
him. Hut a* I am deti*rmiiMxl not to Kmn* e%en that u|»|iortunitr, 
I lia«e wrote thi«i n*ady for him to convey to run, aa Ukewme 


coins of Caransius, the small remains of what were left me from 
the ruins of the fire which has robbed me of many coins of other 
Emperors as well as Carausius, & what escaped likewise the 
iniquity of the country folks whom I heard at the fire enquiring 
whether there were not some valuable old money amongst the 
things, & where it was. As to Tom Martin's collection, I would 
not recommend you to delay the completion of your work upon 
account of the few he has to furnish you with, for I have 
enquired & he has none in his collection but what you have 
already, & you will have good luck to procure the sight of any 
one coin he has (unless by accident) within these nine years ; for 
our friend & brother Tom Martin is hie et ubique, & notliing can 
fix his thoughts or stay his motions but a bottle of old nog' or 
nappy.* I rejoice to hear you are got so forward in your his- 
torj' of Carausius. I have enquired of all my friends who are 
collectors of coins, but few of their series reach so low, & those 
that do, their coins are of the common sort, such as pax avgvsti, 
&c. I am glad to hear Bishop Barton is growing to the episco- 
pal bulk & standard. * ♦ • 

Your sincere friend & most humble servant, 

G. Burton. 

The following are legends of coins in the collection of Dr. 
Svmonds, of Burv : — 

* ' • 


Figura militaris gra<li<'ns, sinistra hastam gerens. / '''* 


Figura stolata stins, dextra oleain, sinistra hastilc gerens f '^^^' 

CLVIII. Francis Drake, M.D., "to the Revd. Dr. Stukk- 
LEV, IN Qi'KKN Square, London." — H. F. St. J. 

York, May 25, 1754. 

Good Sir, 

It was with great pleasure* that I received your last 
letter, being n testimony of your health ; for since the death of 
my old friend k c*ountr>'nian S:im. Gale, his brotlier Hoger| with 

' Nog, a itort of strong ale. 
' Nappj, ije. ■trong, M ale, 4c 


MiiiH* otlicnt, I U'^in t«) think llmt I aIiouIiI live to he mi unfortiH 
nat4* «A in hm* all my <>l(ii*«>i A inn*t v«lu«l>lo ao|uaintaiicc. I 
am ;;la(l to find, linwrvrr, that hin MSS. an* fain int<i ^uch ^cmJ 
hands; Ai Jo now |ii»|n' that you*l l«*t ti« mm* Ulphuii*i Honi \tfrT 
shortly, Nin<*o it niav Im*, N>mftim«\ a farth<*r t^mlirllishmrnt tu 
mv KUmirutn. if another volition of it <*ver ctmieii out ; A 'tia 
|irol>ahli* that may U* «*alh-«i tor fn ini my Mici*c«Mir», for tii«' firal 
hnn lM*«*n lon^r hiniv m>I(I oft*. 

I am M»rr>' for tin* (hV'M'ntion** amonp»t our hrethren ; ulnini^ 
that thiH now rhartrr, whirli ^urt*!y wa.n «ii'>if;ni*<i a» a Mroiifper 
(■«*mrnt, ti» himi tlif*m tasti-r to;;t*thi-r, ^hoiiKi makt* tlirni m» |im«« 
^ iin;;oVfriiahl«*. 

Tilt' a(*oount you ^ivf mi* of \our (^arauaiun plraMm dm* much. 
How much niort* |iiraMiri* will it Im* to mr, tht*n, when I rtioie to 
n*a(i tli«* work ? It i^ «'i*rtainly thi* d irki-fti part of all the Roman 
hiMor\, as you havtf littlr or vm li^'ht to ^uide you from any of 
tlioir writvm. (rfuohrirr, I think, like a true Fn*ni*b writer, 
han Imvu t(H» prolix on thr <%uhj«*ot.& ha« ni»t i«up|M>rtecl hin ar^^a- 
niiMitH hy sutfirirnt antlioritii-<«. Y«*u «»tan«i u|Min his aboaldrra, 
&, may m*o fartlxT. A 1 douU not w ill ^ivi* u« riearer nocionn of 

tlioMY timf*!« than anv that hav«' t;on«> liotbn* vou. 

• • • • 

Tliat vou mav Ion;; li\r an ornament to vour cuuntn*, A U* 
the Iranml wurld, if* tin* lirartx pra\erof 

Your inont faithfull fnendi 

F. DiuKi. 

rlJX. [ Flu»M TllK Hi\. IM:. Sti'KKI>y. hut th^* h-fter is n«tC 

:id«ln*x!N-d. ]- II. F. >T. J. 

(^u«fn Sjuan% I Au^.. 17.VI. 
Ih-ar Ilrirt*. 

Fanlon nii* that I um* that tn'viloiti \nu lia\e induljs*^ 
nif : alMa\^ iIh- iti.irk of :i ;:ri'at A pMid mincl. With what 
il* li^*hl do I think ft tin .{Nt •>! .lulx, u li«-n I hail the ha|»|Nnr««i 
til ii»n\<TM> with m\ \«>iin^ I>rniili-« in Ham Walks; irtie who ia 
ra|ahh- ol tlir hi;:hi-«t t *^iv lor ji :irniii^. for antient learning, A 
tor \Mi n^l anti<|uit\«! How Im|»|»% niuM I think myseil in 
mcritin;; an aii|uaiiitan4i* with a lad\ w|n> ha« sii rii|niailr a 
srnM* of such things in m> early years ! 


'Tis with great plea8ure I have sent you herewith the letter I 
wrote to the Princess of Wales, upon those philosophic priests, 
jour predecessors, the Druids of old. You do me a singular 
honor in transcribing it You will easily disceni what was the 
original letter, what the additions. It will appear with a double 
Instre when under your fair hand. 

The Druids, you will find in my paper, were very conversant 
in your neighborhood. They would not fail to assemble in such 
an old grove as that in the park. 

On 23 Sept., the day of the autumnal equinox, they cele- 
brated a quarterly sacrifice, when they tyed about their stnves, 
their heads, altars, & victims, the bather plant, growing plenti- 
fully u|K)n your neighboring heaths ; a shrub with little purple 
flowers, not unpleasant in smell. 

A lady of your fine genius, that, Druid-like, spends so much 

time in solitude & contemplation, will not wonder that thoy 

arrived at your heights in all kind of knowledg, human & divine. 

Permit me the honor to wait on you once before you quit your 

most agreeable hennitage, & restore life & elegance to the town, 

& believe me 

Your most obliged & faithful servant, 


CLX. Revd. Hekry Wastell [probably to Dr, Stukelet]. 
— H. F. St. J. 

Simondbum, 27 Feb., 1755. 

Now (as you are sensible one good turn deserx'es another), 
let mc talk to you a little in my way. Know then! I have 
advanced £600 upon the credit of the late Mr. Gale's books. I 
know you will call me a fool & m blockhead for my pains ; I own 
it. But niy motives were these — I had a very great esteem for 
the old gentleman, & I could not bear to see his represoDtative 
in distress, without affording an helping hand to relieve him. 
We are sent into tliis world to do all the good we can, whilst we 
continue in it ; for what will it avail to do good only when we 
cannot help it, Le.j when we can live no longer? Tbeae are my 
notions of good works & these were motives for purchasing, &c. 

410 MftlTKtXAVIBOITfl rORRRSroxnClfCB. 

Now, Sir, M you miint be aoqiiiiintAKi with the lie«t tort of the 
bookiiik ;:<*iitry, I iihall take it aa a particular favour if you will 
give iiic your ailvico & amfttinre an to the dinpo^iri): of xht^ 
txMikfi. I think of beinn in town mvM^lf »otni* time in Mav; & 
AA you have a catalo^rue, you may, |ierha|M U*fore I oonie, meet 
with a |>ro|M>r op|Mirtunity of doing lue nome f^^wd ofR<*ea in thia 
affair, wliirh nhall be always ^^ratefully aoknowleil/^ by 

Your oliedient M*nrant, 

IlKyRT Waktsij. 

Health k happiness atti^nd Mm. Gale i, ytiumelf. 

CLXI. Thk Hkvu. Francis Wiac [rtiTRi Rivd. Dr. Stuki- 

LKY?]— H. F. St. J. 

Holywell, July 24. 1755. 

Demr Sir, 

• • • • • 

I rentureil ye«t«rday to the Ilodlaian, to connuli IIeiuio|^onl, k 
cannot but think Mr. IIeanie*i copy of the cuin in vcr)* exRCt, 
but Ilia read in;; on th4* rrvene ab^unl. It mii^hi be a blundered 
coinage, with i\» head of Carau^iu^, ami a revi-rne that did ntiC 
behiug to him ; of which kind, I Mip|io«e, yuu have m^m lirfurt*. 
I d«in't know liuw you will be able to get ocular toitiaftction in 
thin ca^*. Mr. Hcinie'ii lNM»ks (x>ina, Ac, came into the ImihU 
of Dr. Ik^lfonl, &| afliT hin tlcath, to Ge«»rge Smith, Eaq.« 
of Durham ; hut if I am not ini^ttken tlio late Dr. Iliwlin«oii 
got the cHiinii, either by gift or purchase ; A; Jamea WeaC, Em|.» 
1 think, hail got all tlie platen lielonging to Mr. Heame'a worka. 
If Dr. it. had the coiiifi, 1 ftup|M»^' you uiav gel a aight of then 
fn>m tlu* executora. 

Mr. Owen abewed me your letter to him yeatrrlaj. I will 
•ndeaviiur to aee the late Dialiop u( Hrintttl** coina, if poaaiblr, 4 
intend to wait u|M>n the Vice-Chancellor this day with your earn 
plioMDtjk, if the weather doaa not binder mt*. • • • 
I am, dear Sir, 

Youry Ac., 

Fitaii. Wbul 


CLXII. Thos. Barker "to the Revd. Dr. Stukeley, in 
Gloucester Street, near Queen Squahb." — H. F. 
St. J. 

Lyndon, Aug. ll, 1755. 

Revd. Sir, 

I take the liberty to send you an account of a slight 
earthquake which was perceived lately in this country. 

On Friday, Aug. 1, 1755, about 4(/ after 6 in the morning, 
standing against a north window, I heard a continued rumbling 
like a long clap of thunder, as loud as if about 4 miles off. At 
first I thought it such ; but as not a cloud was to be seen, that 
seemed imlikely. I next thought of an earthquake,' but could 
not say there was any shaking, which made me doubt whether it 
was either, but might be a wheelbarrow rattling ob the stones 
just under the window, which the noise somewhat resembled. 
All these I had time to think of while the noise lasted, which 
was perhaps ^ a minute or more. Going abroad, I saw low in 
the west & north-west a faint white haziness (which one, who 
was abroad, said rose immediately after the noise, & moved 
swiftly) ; the rest of the nky was quite clear* yet within an hour 
niXer many scattered clouds rose from the N.W., the wind being 
that way. The day became lowring, yet fair & windy till even- 
ing, &. only a slight shower then, but a good deal of rain on 
Saturday night, & more or less every day since till this day. 
The barometer, at the time of the earthquake, was 29*^, begin- 
ning to fall, got below 29** on Monday morning, & then gradually 
rose to 29*i^. It has been sometimes remarked that it is calm 
during an earthquake, but it was not so this time, the season 
for a month before had been cool, windy, & showery, & that 
morning there was a considerable, though not great, wind. 

Several other persons in the house heard the noise, but look 
no great notice of it, thinking it something fallen, or person 
walking above or below them, but most people abroad observed 
it ]Many thought it thunder, some an earthquake, k said the 

' 1755. A great noiae wm heard at Althoqi, Unoolnahire, like tht feport 
of a cannon, which proved to be an earthquake. It ahook many honaea, and 
was heard at Luddington and Adlingfleet, near the Hombcr, where the inhahit- 
anu believed it was cannon firing at Holl. — B^^Wb Ckr§m$U§ff ^ftke \9ik mmd 
\9th Ctmtmrie$, vol. ii., p. 207. 

4]i MIM'RU.ANKDI'S niltll»-Jiri)ShRV<T. 

^nttind iih<M)k umltT tli«*ni. ()n«* li«*(wf*eii KeU«»n & Tiiiwrll 
ft*ai'i*«l tli«* |;r«iuii(l woiili! n|i«*ii iV ^wutlnw him ii|i; nflif-m likfiii^il 
tlif iinJM* (n tlir rattlin;: iff a ri»;irli, hiir^tifi:: I'f a raiiiKin. *»r 
iilKNitin;; (iiiwn Atiiiu*^ mit nf :i cart, iV iiiati\ ilrMvilM' a ;;rt'.'it 
liiiii|i in'turt* till* ruiiiMiri^. Somr «».i\ it \va<> l<iu<it*r than any 
thtiii«lrr, &. o.ittit* wi*n* f^i::lltl^l l»\ it ; Imt nil a^nt* it hi^tni a 
I^mmI \%liiti*. HiiiiH* Kiiy !u>\i'ral initniti*^, t\ iiio^t wlin ilfM-rilit' iIh* 
|if>Hiti<in of it Ki\ it U*;:.iri in i\u- n.w., a ilycil .iwuy a** it tiii»\«'«i 
t4> tilt* N.K., I lilt Miiiif siiy tlitTf ua** a In tup a;/aiii at la.*it. It i» 
n*|>iirt4*«| a liall i»f firr w.m •mi-h a iiiiiiiiti* lH*fi»r<'. or a ;;n*nt fla^h 
of li^litiiiii^, Imt I lia^f iiii-t uitli }i*tt\r who affiriiii*<l it ••! thfir 
own kiiowlinl;;!'. Till* IH'.'M' w.i- hi-anl or tfit in tin* m-\it.iI 
Unvn** in thin (-«>iintry whirli 1 li.i\i* i*iii{uirt^l aUait, at Ai lM-\i»n<l 
Suinrnril, A it i<« i^i'ul al<Mi at <irantliain, Waltham, Mflton, Ntil- 
tin;;hani, X I/i'ii'c?»t4*r, Linrnhi, I<ii«li<l(*n, Niirthain|ittin«hin*. 

My t*athc*r, niotlirr, «V tlu* rr^t «*(' thi* t.imil\ j«iin in |iru|«-r 
rtv*|ieftji t«i vou &, your**, with im*. who am. Sir, 

Your \rr\ hunihio iM*n*aiit, 

Tll<i. liARKKR. 

CLXIII. THOMAS Haiikkr "'To tiik Wvvv. Um. .Stikki.kt, 

KkcImK tiK St. <i>:i»I«iK.'s. t^fKKV .S^IAHK, IjuMkiN." — 

H. F. Sl .1. 

L\iiiioii, l>t<c. i«i, 17.S5. 
Iic\il. Sir, 

I n*turn V(»u inv ^iiiriTi- thnnk-i lor vuur h-ttrr ^ Imok 

vou «a*i ^1 kiml ■!• to *«*n(i ni«*. «V ulm h 1 lia\f' rtn-i'i%iti ^ilr. 1 


h-i«i, inihi'^l, ri-aii ihr «uli«taiut «»! it U't'ori', lia\in^ M^-n \uur 
MTMi'ifi whon tii^'t )iijlili^lii-tL .■« uril a« \«>iir iho h*tii-r« in iliat 
l*liilii^*|ihii'al Tratiiuii tiiiii, Hlmh «iiiiIaMii«t ai^i a iiiultitu«lr ul' 
li*tt«-r^ i-«>iii-trrniii;; thoM* rt*|K'atol ^inH-k^ in I7.hi/ 1 chink, in- 

* J«r u«ry ntti. IT'rfi viflrn* •>. « k •*. I: n.r V* fimrj ^ih. rartlH|H«kr 
frU 111 l^'ti I'll Anil Wi-viffii'riMcr «li<ii itn- i ■■ui.m-!! r* h tUc ('•«tirta •■# Km/* 

Hi-ni li •ii-l I liaiii'rri iii V\ ■ •tmi'iaicr H i ■ «<r rn-iil ihaf ib«]i rtfaTiol 

llic l'Ui:<1iii^- «>uM fail A •••uirt-'i r (.•« m ^ u'!i«Ark wm llir«i«u •!•••■ . 
AchiuiKV III 1^ ••IriiLai: **ir^*i mi.-l ar. .f'lr n W. .:rr "^fuarr. U!!. Ali>l Aim 
|«rt »<f m )ii>uw iirar II 'rk^ri >l>iwn !•■ !^r ••mr n.-ftli ati rarthi|«*kr •«v«rff««| 
•I ItiilipfMili. in Ki*m«niA. whrn 4iaV |» rMoii* I* H'Kt^l thi HArrk Mil, 1^4M^« 


deed, your hypothesis, that electricity is the natural cause of 
eai*thquakes, is the most probable account yet given, & you give 
several rational arguments for its being so ; at the same time, it 
is not strange if in so surprizing an effect as an earthquake, & so 
unaccountable a cause as electricity, some difficultys should yet 
remain. One which occurs to me is, that in all electrical experi- 
ments, the shock seems to be momentary, so likewise in thunder, 
which seems very probable to be an electrick shock, the light- 
ning or shock itself never, I believe, continues a second, though 
the thunder, by reverberation, or distance of different parts of 
the shock, may continue a long time ; but an earthquake is 
plainly not momentary. That which I felt Sept. 30, 1750, I 
judged to last about d'\ That noise, Aug. 1 last, much longer, 
<^: that at Lisbon is described to be several minutes. I have 
some diiHcuIty, also, as to the opening of the ground, rocks, 
<^c., particularly the Key at Lisbon sinking so as to be deep 
water where it stood, seems nither more that sliding off into 
the sea, which on a bay so far within land as Lisbon was hardly 
exceeding deep. As we know little of the cause of the earth 
bt'ing electrifNed, it need be no difficulty, if we find earthquakes 
not always to answer to former supposed rules. JSo that in 
August last was not in a dry se;ison, for ever since the middle of 
June has been, all over England at least, one of the most 
showery, though not the greatest quantity of rain, any year I 
have known.'^ It was also, just before & just after, ^ I supiKMe 
at the very tiiut*, a considerable wind ; ik that said to be felt in 
Cumberland, Nov. 17, which i)erhaps might reach this countr\' 
(of which below), was here one of the most tem|>estuous wet 
nights there has been this autumn. At the same time it was 
violent thunder & lightning at London — what it was in Cumlier- 
laud I know not. You &, others supiH>2(e northern lightn to be 

wEii a^'ain alnrmixi by a shock, more Tioleot and of lont^er coutinaance than in 
proriouM month. It waw felt at Chenhant. Hertford, Wnre. Co|iChall, near 
Eppiii^. at.d Kcckenham. On August ^lird. a Tiolent fbock wa« felt at Notting- 
ham. Kctford. Scoptoii. Taxford, and many other places. — Bt^^Wi Ctr»n#fay j f 
o/thr 18/A and VMh Crmtwrirt, vol. H., 160. 

* In ScptomliT there m'an the greatest fall of rain ever witnessed in the 
uortli of Knv'Iaiid. which swelled all the riTers, and did infinite damage to the 
tturrounding ticld«. Many cattle feeding on the banks were carried away by 
the flooil. 


electrical, there lM*iii^ many, |wrticularly rcil ones, in tin* eartii- 
quake year, 1750. Tliat they may lie lui, I ilu not at all deny, 
but cannot iiel|> thinking the vapount which cause them are alM> 
ma^netical, for in all that I have ohiMTved iho center whence the 
•troamt |K>int peqiendicularly is a little west of the northi aa the 
rariation of the nt*e<ile aliMi in. Ami whenever tlM«v merl in a 
crown it is ea<itwanl of the south, «V about 70 de^^rees hi;;hy aa 
the dip of the ma^nrtical needle is. Of this we had instance in 
a pn*tty remsrkahle nortlit>ni light on Saturday ni;;ht lai^t. It 
was a bright mixmlight night, which did not at all efface it. 
From 9 to 10 streaniH row from all quarteni, tlioogh chiefly 4 
brightPi«t in the north -went, U-ing very much in motion, as I 
think generally is the case in a windy night, which this waa. 
The wind was 8.S.W., iV the nhei'ls of light often seemed to me lo 
have a pretty bri.nk motion northward, though spreading both 
ways, k sh(M>(ing upwani toward that piiint 1 have discribed aa 
tlieir usual place of meeting. A: wIhth* for a short time, about a 
quarter or half-hour after iK they formed a crown. Tlie oolour 
was chiefly white, l>ut the shc*et» at fir»t lighting up were oAea 
of a faint ri-d, quickly changing successively through tlie reat of 
the seven colours, A ending K continuing Hhite. Hut how much 
soever we may think w«* know the rauM* of e.-irtli<|uakes, stdl the 
dirt*ction i<> in tht- hand ol (fod, as vou Hell iilnerve, A calls 
loudly for si'rioun refli^tion, when it i» si> dri*adfully ekemplifred 
an it ha>i laii*ly Un-ii in the nudden desi ruction, without warning, 
of Murh a multitudr of liven in mi nianv citv«, at hundreda of 
milea from €*arh otht-r. Whence fully ap|w*an» tlk* nei'«B»ily of 
watching K U*iiig alwavfi n^ady. since none knows whtise turn it 
ma\ next be, to U* witnem^ of mi ti-rrible a ncene; tliat mi, if lh« 
time should Hp|iro.ieli of distrrsA of nations nith |ieq»lexity, th« 
sea 4; tlie waves ntaring, we may not mouni with the tribcn of 
llie earth, but l(M>k up k lift our lieads with tlio«e wlm^ npdemp- 
tion draweth ni;;li. Tlie eartlii|u:ikf- at LisUin, in«lei\l, s<^ms to 
me one of the ui«ist violent in hi*turv, whether fi»r number of 
lives lost/ How many |H*ri»lied at Lislion, both by the imma 
diatt* sliock, k since by hsnl«hi|M they mu^t undergo, who in the 

" NuVMil^r 1*4, i;V'. At AvMBoat# d^am.tlirwabcukr IS mmI 
moo |«ff«aoa. Ai LipUm tkc •boi k Issisd acar! j stvca Binsic^ aad il Is 
paled Ual aboal 7o.oiii rMtagvesc pcnsbad.— >/K^^ p. f la 


midst of winter were without bouse, & scarce cloaths or neces- 
sarjs, we have no autlientick account jet; beside those who 
perished in other citys also, for the shock seemed to be violent 
all over Portugal, South Spain, & North Coast of Africa, as far 
as Algiers, 600 miles in length, which great extent of it is 
another point. I do not know what other earthquake came up to 
[it], for besides, where it was violent, lesser effects were perceived 
1,200 miles further in France, Holland, Ireland, England, & 
Ciermany, as far as Hamburg. Beside the South Coast of Eng- 
land perhaps it was in inland parts, for a clergyman who lives 
near Hinckley, in Leicestershire, said, as near as he could recol- 
lect, it might be about that time some who were plowing in the 
field told him they heard a strange kind of noise in the air. 
Monday, the 17 of November, in the evening, at the time the 
newspaper mentioned a shock to be felt in Cumberland, was 
thunder at London & a tempestuous night here ; but some who 
were ringing in Riddlington Church, heard, beside the wind & 
rain, so strange a noise as frightened them, & made them run 
out of the church. The same noise was also heard by some 
others in their houses at the same town. I forgot to mention 
above that as all persons will be involved in the electrick shock 
which affects the place where they are, why is not every one 
sensible of the immediate stroke on himself as well as trembling; 
of the ground, since men have been knockt down as it were 
senseless for a moment, in some strong shocks in exiierimentSi 
which vet are by no means ciipable of shaking such an extent of 
ground? I hope you received from other hands sufficiently 
satisfactory accounts of that earthquake last August, for as I left 
this country for 2 months within a few days after I wrote to 
you, I had no opportunity of giving you any information further, 
as you desired mc to do if I learnt any ; but if anything else 
remarkable should occur, shall be willing to give you what light 
I know. I think it very remarkable, in the shock of Nov. l, 
that the waters should be so strongly agitated where the shook 
was no other way perceived, as was the caae in many places in 
this part of Eorope. My fatheri with the rest of the (amily, 
desires to join in all due compliments to yoa & yours, with me, 
who remain. Sir, Your very obedient humble servant, 

Tho. Babkbb. 

4h> MiSi'KLLASeors CORRBlil*OSll>EN'CC 

(UjXIV. Tiik Ukv. <f. Burtos"to the Rkv. Dil Sttei- — H. F. St. J. 

Thelfonl, 17 Nov., 1757. 
• • • • • 

liravfii fiiily known wh«*rc the preneDt ilo^vticnry will 
fiid, for I f<*.ir till' «'f>initinii |M*<)p|f tLtv nn much nunk <iown into 
fiU|M*r»titiuii K fanaticism an their betters are in follv i, atlMiam. 
W«* have amonf;«t w^ a MotlnKliiit preacher, juKt oome hot from 
one of your liOiidon talternach*^. He haa maiie to dcvp an im- 
previion u|Min our common iM-ople already that it liecomcA a 
faiihion amoM^<«t th^'iu to In* aiinont, one & all, cmM-eyeii bv 
roll in;; their eye** aUiut in tiioir fil.n of n*li^ouii maiineM. I have 
hail some convi*r>ation with him, &, am(»n>;nt many other quea- 
tion«, I a<^k«*il liim how many repilar Methodifit.<« he ftuppoaKl 
there mi;:lit he at tiiifl time in the kin^iom. H\% answer waa he 
wan (*«*rtiin there were at lea?it forty tliouiian<l — io«i formidable a 
numl>er to l»c jiermittiHl of any Mct, much nii>re of one of rach 
dan;;eroU!« prineiple^, who ai^Miine to themAolvrA the |M>wer of tbe 
key<i of he.nen A: hi*ll. <V deal out aalvation or damnation bT 
capriee or humor. For my own part, 1 mu«t confeM tlirae 
ttpiMMraniN-*! ;:i\i' me many |;hMimy appnrheniiion*. but klill, I 
h*»\tv tlieri' ar«* manx tlmuHantN in thin unhappy nati«m that have 
not yet Uiwinl the knc*e to Haal, that may pro%-e tin* glorioua 
moaiiH of a\ertin^ the vvn;;eanct* that ia coDMquentially due lo 
pri*\ ailing wii-ki^ln<*«^. We are nut without tin* nirlancholv 
pn>vi;;i'« of im|M*ndifi^' ruin you to feelingly dencribe. for tlierr ia 
iM*an*e a .^unday I tra\el to my further pariah but I meet a 
iipleiidiii e<{iiip.'i;;e nr (mh. with a train of inaident attendant*, all 
)ii«lilin^ defun«f In thi* law« Uith t»f (iihI A man. Kul when a 
father of the i*liun*h ennii <» to kick at it, it in iHit to be wondered 
tluit the eiirmifH !•> (*liri«ti.iiiily re\il«* it. This in putting the 
fiiii^hiii;; <>(ri*kf to Ii«vritiiiu»ne»<i, anil pving tlie rinin;* blow (aa 
we UM- lu ttrm ii) m onler to prt*vont itA reco%'ery. 

I am, kc,^ 

O. RraTiiN. 


CLXV. The Rev. G. Buetox "to the Rev. Dr. Stuke- 
LEY."— H. F. St. J. 

Thetford, 14 Apr., 1758. 

« « « « « 

We have got a furious hot Methodist come amongst us, 
who has already scattered so much of his hellebore as to raise a 
conventicle of about fourscore, <& a love-feast once a week, where 
the effects of their works of darkness, I suppose, will become 
visible some nine months hence. If some stop is not put to the 
proceedings of these people, they will in time throw us into con- 
fusion, for they attack us very forcibly by stealing into Orders ; 
& under a sanction of that, cV: by the help of the Act of Tolera- 
tion, they bid us defiance, & even promise salvation to their con- 
verts, & defame and misrepresent us & our best performances. 
In short, I know not what you do with tliem in London, but we 
have a melancholy prosi)ect from them in the country, for what 
with fondness for novelty, their encouragements to sloth, & a 
reliance on Providence for support, & their largesses to the ix)or, 
as our poor where they come are no longer in danger of being 
starved, there is likely to be nothing but psalm-singing coblers & 
spiritual taylors amongst us shortly; & a cobler's bastard will by 
6i by be employed u|X)n the bench in splitting a text instead of an 
hair to lengthen out his end with. What a miserable infatuation 
has Providence laid us under for our long insensibility & irreli- 
gion, when I consider the growing charge of our ministr>\ It 
sometimes shocks mo to think what must be the end of it There 
seems to be a general insensibility to goodness, & conscience, 
like the venerable dress of our wise forefathers, is become the 
jest of fools — the cloak of villany. How deplorable is it to say 
thus of one's native country ; that country which possesses 
everv thinir that this life can make dear to us. But how much 
more deplorable is it to know this to be a real fact. The old 
maxim is now reverseil. We cannot say Decipimur specie recti 
IHor. Ars. Poet., 25.]; for the modern libertines glorj- in their 
shame. They boldly thrust themselves forward in defence of 
vice Si immorality, cV tell you down right that the best way to 
live is to stop at no villany ; the relenting tinner is a disgrace to 
manhood, and reason was de^ugncd as a bawd to vioe. Was 



Don Quevedo^K C/tiymii4t '* to |)op uut of bin lM>ttJ«* in these dayft, 
1 think he would Iw for doublin;; hi;* haAte to l»e cork(*d up again, 
4 beg likewise to ba%'o his curk tied dnwn and »»ealrd, too, 
for fear of an unox|MTt«'d explosion. I)u( howoviT bad the 
world grows, let us hope we are not witliout a remnant, small as 
it is, to save us, that may aT(«rt the threatened blow, & taach ua 
in time to be wiser. 

I am, ^'0., 

O. BavMN. 

'* Francis QoeTcdo y ViIlrgM. a S|«nub author, ■■iidc of wlioae Wf«rka fav« 
soch otfenoe that ht waa thrown mto privm. His " Vitiona uf Hell " have 
traDsIated into Infliah. Bora ISfC ; dird 1645.— .0m€m, p. Ma. 

Part III. — Astronomical Correspondbkcb. 

CLXVI. Peter Wyche to Dr, Stukelby (?) [No address]. 

— H. F. St. J. 

Jany. 31, 1723-4. 
Dear Sir, 

I had the pleasure of receiving your agreeable letter last 
week, & should hare duly acknowledged the favour, had you not 
put some questions to me about this comet that in some measure 
engages the attention of the learned world at present The 
doctrine of comets is very new.* Nobody that I know of having 
said anything of them before Sir Isaac Newton, & indeed he has 

' ComeU had presented insuperable difficulties to the ancients, and were 
considered inexplicable ; the motions of the planets themselTes being soffiei- 
CDtlj complicated. In 1609, Kepler published his Aitrottemia Kata (fol. Pragss) 
which contained his treatise on the motion of Mars, and gave to the world hit 
two first laws, Tiz. (1), that each planet describes an ellipse about the sun, 
which is situated in the focus thereof ; (2), that the sectorial areas described 
about the sun are pro|K>rtional t4i the times of describing them ; and in 1621 f 
in his Mytterium OfMwwgraphicHm^ he published his 3d Law, "that the K)uares 
of the planets* periods or jears,** are proportional to the cubes of their mean 
disunces from the sun. From the second of these Laws, it ii inferred that the 
force acting on the planets is in e^cry case directed to the sun ; from the first 
that this force Taries. for cTery planet, iuTerselj as the square of the distance ; 
from the third, that the "* absolute force,** ix, the Talue of it at the unit of dit* 
tance. is the same for all the planets, and therrfore may moat reasonably be 
considered to reside in the sun itself. These were first propounded by Newton 
in the Prinripia, in 1686 ; the second edition of that work was published in 
1713. Besides this, Newton proTed that the same kind of force woald be naoet- 
sary to make a body moTc in a parabola, or a by|«rbola. This woald naturally 
lead to the conclusion that cometa might be inmtigated oo the aaoM rappee* 
ition of the sun*s attraction, their orbits being eUipeea of great eeoeBtrieityy or 
parabolaii, or hy|ierbolas. A parabola and an ellipse differ bat little near the 
Tertez. and therefore in the neighbourhood of the tan. a ooncC*8 orbit would 
be considered parabolic as a first rappoettioo, antil repeated ofaeerratioQa woald 
indnoe as to take an elUptio tlieoiy for It. 


cali*<Hi but oni*.' Tlii^ tliat at |»n*M*nt B|ipoani i» fkU|i|MM«d 
no%'(*r if) hii%'o l»o«'n oliM»n'«Hl iM^fnro. Dr. Bradley* |)n»|M>M-* lu 
pvo us an account of it in print, iV likowiM* to deAcrilN* itn urbit, 
which I boliovc, from what I havo 4ibM*rvr«l, will Ijc very oblim^. 

* The oomrt rAlruUtnl hr Sir Isaac KewUin waa ihat uf 16m). oat of tbc 
moat rrmarkAble on rpc»rtt Its nrtut wm an ellipse of wu irrrAt mi cccratncitj 
M lu be UDiliMinyuuhAMr fr>im • paralHtU. Thf ctiinet uf ir.*J. c*lrulai4«l bj 
Rurckwlt ; tbaC uf 1771. i*r Uah Hurckhardt and Knrkc ; and the mojoJ 
ctimrt of iKlri, hj U*^mru\^rg «ii«l N^hwat^r. have lieen aacerlaiDe«l U> move la 
hjr|ierbola«. Tbr inost reiiiarkAMr uf ihe elliplir cuiueU is llallrj*. «h<i ra-co- 
late«l It from ot«erTatiijn» i» It;**.* . hf rmiclutleii if tti lie ideotica! »ilh Xhf 
OiiiBc-U uf 16(>7 aud 1^.{1, Aiiti |irc*tlir(nl lU rrlurti aUtut ir*i9 The return b>>w- 
CTer. waa rctardc«l bf die at-tnnia uf Jupiter atid Saturn , the calculatioii of t^ia 
was done bj Oairaut ( aet* /Mt«f m letter April 'Ji\ 175Ui . the cmnet caoeiuiU 
penbelioD on March I.*. 17yj. and ai^ain un Novemb** 16. IfU^. {.iiertcM^§ 
Attrpmcm^. 562. 564. 567 ). 

* l>r. Bradlej'a papers hare been pobliahed at Otfnrd, e«i IH Rifaad. 
lf(S3. The colle